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VOL. 1. NEW SERIES. WEST BATON ROUGE, SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1856. NO. 10.
THE SUGAR PLANTER, ?.gULImD EERY SATURDAY XORMING. agRRY J. HYA ue ..... .. * ....... . 0. Oi18.GARD NER. HYAMS & GARDNER, Proprietors. O *ce near the Court House, WEST BATO N R 0 UGE. TERMS of the SUGAR PLANTERs Sbsecr ptuon.--43 a year, due invariably at the time of subscribing; if not then paid, or within three months thereafter, five dollars will be charged; no subscription will be taken for a less term than six months: no paper discontinued until arrearages are paid. Adwertls.ng.-Advertisements not exceeding ten lines. $1 for the first, and 50 cents for every subse qent insertion; those of greater length in proportion. A liberal discount to those who advertise by the year. Terms to Clubs.-Where a Club of not less than ten names is sent, with the cash, the paper will be furnished at $2 50 each subscriber, and an addition al copy to the person furnishing the list. Where a Club of not less than twenty is furnished, with the cash, the paper will be forwarded at $2 25 each subscriber, and two additional copies for the agsnt. Job Printing. S uch as pAmrnmls, BLA.KS, CAnos, BaREs, Fn.cRAt and other Notices, executed with neatness and de spatch. In all cases, cash on delivery. ~AYER'S PILLS. 10 LR ALL T ? VROS15 01 A FAMILY PHYSIC. Tmmas has long existed a public demand for an effective purgative pill which could be relied on as sure and perfectly safe in its operation. This has been prepared to meet that demand, and an exten sire trial of its virtues has conclusively shown with what success it accomplishes the purpose designed. It is easy to make a physical pill, but not easy to make the best of all pills-one which should have none of the objections, but all the advantages, of every other. This has been attempted here, and with what success we would respectfully submit to ire public decision. It has been unfortunate for the patient hitherto that almost every purgative medicine is acrimonious and irritating to the bow els. This is not. Many of them produce so much griping pain and revulsion in the system as to more than counterbalance the good to be derived from them. These pills produce no Irritation or pain, unless it arise from a previously existing obstrue tion or derangement in the bowels. Being purely vegetable, ao harm can arise from their use in any quantity; but it is better that any medicine should be taken judiciously. Minute directions for their use in the several diseases to which they are ap plicable are given on the box. Among the com plaints which have been speedily cured by then-, we may mention Liver Complaint, in its various forms of Jaundice, Indigestion, Languor and Loss of ap ptitListlessness, Irritability, Bilious Headache, Bilious Fever, Fever and Ague, Pain in the Side sad Loins; for, in truth, all these are but the con-; sequence of diseased action in the liver. As an perient they afford prompt and sure relief in Cos tivenes, Pifes, Colic, Dysentery, Humors, Scrofula and Scurvy, Colds with soreness of the body, Ulcers and impurity of the blood, Irregularities; in short, any and every case where a purgative is required. They have also produced some singularly sue esafl cres in Rheumatism, Gout, Dropsy, Gravel, Frysipelas, Palpitation of the Heart, Pains in the Back, Stomach, and Side. They should be freely taken in the spring of the year, to purify the blood and prepare the system for the change of seasons. An occasional dose stimulates the stomach and bowels into healthy action, and restores the appe tite and vigor. They purify the blood, and, by their stimulant action on the circulatory system, reno vate the strength of the body, and restore the wasted or diseased energies of the whole organism. Hence an occasional dose is advantageous, even though no serious derangement exists; but un necessary dosing should never be carried too far, as every purgative medicine reduces the strength, when taken to excess. The thousand cases in which a physic is required cannot be enumerated here, but they suggest themselves to the reason of every ody; and it is confidently believed this pill will answer a better purpose than any thing which has hitherto been available to mankind. When their virtues are once known, the public will no longer doubt what remedy to employ when in need of a athartic medicine. Bemnssugar-wrapped, they are leasnt to take, and bdeg purely vegetable, no am an arise from their use m any quantity. For minute directions, see wrapper on the Box. PREPARED BY DR. JAMES C. AYER, P r.cireal am l ANau plic C emist, LOWELL, MASS. Pies . mots. per Beu. live soes fr LSt AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL, per the rapi Care of lnliMS, COLDS, EOARSENESS, BIaONCHITIS, WHOOPING-COUGH, CRO1P, ASTHMA, AND CONSUMPTION. Tins remedy has won for itself nsuch notoriety from its cures of every variety of pulmonary disease, that t is en ly unnecessary to recount the ei dences of its virtues in any community where it has been employed. So wide i8 the field of its use mes., and so numerous the cases of its cnres, that almost eter section of the country abounds i persons ablicy known who have been restored rom ieugand even hesperato diseases of the lungs by its use. When once tried its superiority over.every other medicine of its kind is too appa rent td esape observation, and where its virtues are nown, the public no longer hesitate what antidote to eploy hr the distressin and dagerpus afe tes of the pulmonary organs which are incident i our climate Not only in formidable attacks ou the ung, but for the milder varieties of cnn it is the ieasatteet end safest medicine that em, be obteind. As it has long been in constant use thbonghout this section, we need not do more than asnsure the eople tts quality is kept up to the best that it ever and tht the genuine artile is so by HL T. WADDIT L, WM. DOGEL, S PDianta. J. e vb.2 Il [From the Alabama Planter. On the Prover Time for Manaring. The leisure of the past summer has occasioned several communications to you, drawn from the remembrance of many years of close attention to the gen eral business of the cotton and corn plan tation where the want of fertility had directed the attention very much to all possible aids from manure. Enclosing fields to be ungrazed, listing with the hoe and plough, and the hoe alone, and moveable and stationary stock pens, lit tering with straw from the woods direct to the fields and generally the usual practices of a farm where its wants were more than the means of supply for them; cotton seed very fully tried, rotted at the gin house in the usual way, and put on sound and uniljurel also. I thii.nk success, having due respect to the sea sons, has much depended on deep plough ing and late manuring. To this latter I shall confine my remarks and give the reason for my opinion, so that each may test its correctness by his own observa* Lion. There is observable in all plants and animals a growing and bearing stage, and as the object you seek is the bear ing or fruiting, the manure should be so applied as to be in its most powerful ac tion, when the plant is in its fruition. This seems reasonable. Can it possibly be better to give all your manure to the cotton and corn when growing or when it is bearing, and this is too often the case. A short lived manure may be ex pended in giving growth to the stalk and leaving nothing to make the ear. Cot ton seed, early winter rotted, is of this class, and if put on rotted at planting, its effects are all expended if$ the stalks with nothing left for the ears. The ten dency of our warm climate is to run to too much stalk, and should be counter acted rather than stimulated. Our only friend that has been doing this is early draught, always unthanked, and frequently regarded as an enemy. Corn will stand seasons that much diminish its:size and yield well, provided suitable rains come when the grain is maturing. Thie manure should be so managed as to act at this juncture, say June and July. Let us take corn for an examnPle, and the season equally applies to cotton and all other products, and your observation will llnake the application. Corn is gen erally planted in Ma.lch, and continues through its growing stage through all lMay, when the bearing or fruiting stage commences, and continues through June and July. The obsergant planter will then see the rapidity of the shooting and tasseling and pushing out the young ears, and if he takes the hoe he will see just under the surface, innumerable thread like white roots extending in all directions from the guard roots and oth ers to the distance of eight or ten feet; then is the time the land should be in fine order and the manure in its most powerful action. These roots are in search of food and bearing it to the corn, and should not be cut by plough or hoe, as it will be too late to renew for use. In June or July it is in full bearing, and wants all the effect of the manure and rains, and on this, more than on the size of the stalk, is the yield dependant. All that class of manure that come from listing in and covering where grow the rubbish and surface soil, and the latter or stables and cowpens or comppst heaps, as well from the want of timejas the ne cessity of the co-operation of the earth in rotting, reducing and preparing it for the food of plants, must be applied before the crop is planted, and let tlas be as at present. The manures I particularly al lude to are cotton seed, guano and the sulphates, all-powerful in themselves and requiring so little time in the application, and I think I may add, of a short du ration, in the homoepathic dose usually given. The practice I complain of is the usual one of throwing out the cotton seed 9# it is ginned, where from the size of the bulk it heats, sobs and its essence and value passes into the air and is lost. In this evaporation its odor tells the noise, if it has not formed the. understanding, that it is wasting into the air. It is per haps correct to say that more than one half its value is lost. and without the poor excuse of its being too busy time. Let the cotton seed be jaunled off to the field to be manured be~ it accumulates into much bulk. In the small heaps in the conical shapes as drawn from the wagons, it will not be injured by the winter rains, it you fear injury to your hogs or from,your stock, a few rails will adequately protect the supply for four acres, at one place; or it may be put into conical heaps as dropped from the waggon in on enclosure at the ginhouse. The seed isnto be killed after the corn is planted, and "pot gefore, and let some trusty hand, with eight or ten young people or other inferior hands, under him, open the tops of the piles with two or more deep chops of the hoe, and the young hands, pour in a bushel of water, more or less; on this let be placed two hoes full of dirt to retain the moisture, and cover it with the seed. In this state, especially if done at a rainy time, it will soon beat and the veg etating principle be killed, which is gen erally the case in three or four weeks. This should be done in March or April, or when the corn is knee or waist high. It is well to scatter the seed in the fur row, near the corn, to be covered by the ploughs. Little benefit is to be got from sound seed, and while the covered seed is killed, much on the outer surface of the heap will not be, and this is better secured at the time of killing, to draw earth over the seed, as it better keps the heat in. The effect of this manure will be visible after the first rain, and will be most powerful when the corn most needs it. The object is to wet well the interior of the pile and keep its moisture there by the dirt, and don't let it be a mere plantation order, but see that it is done well, as it has as much use as any other work, sound seed loses nearly all its value by sprouting, but it is not so bad as winter rotted seed. If the cotton seed piles are covered over by dirt, and the cases that dirt well, it keeps in the heat and kills all the seed better. I have never succeeded in killing well the out side seed. I have only tried guano in the last two years, and not on an extensive scale, but so far as I have I think it very valuable, and will more than compensate for its price. Until better informedi I shall re gard it as a powerful short lived manure, and for plantation purposes, on corn, use about one hundred pounds to the acre, scattering it in the plough furrow, to be covered when the corn is knee high. Have it completely pulverized as in lumps however small, it must be too stimula ting. I am not aware of the necessity of mixing it with charcoal ashes, plaster or other matter. It needs moistnre to set it at work, and though it is said to act well on all soils, I think clayey soils most suitable. "Mexican guano is about one third less in value than the Peruvian, and of Peruvian it is more general to use two hundred pounds to the acre. I think ten wagon loads of cotton seed will make more corn than ten loads on one acre, and for the same reason I prefer two hundred pounds on two acres to all of it on one acre. It would extend this letter too far to repeat all that I have heard of the valuable effects of guano and the sulphates. A PLANTE. A NEaw SRT OP NAILS.-A ill. gaw ky looking countryman, during the height of the business season last fall walked into one 'f the largsst dry good houses on Broadway, and, entirely dis regarding the invitations of the nume rous salesmen to inspect . 'e latest pat terns, he strode into the counting-room where the heads of the establishment were sitting in solemn conversation. After taking a cursory glance of the room, and surveying attentively the faces of its occupants, he asked with an unc tuous Yankee twang; "Say, yeou-got any nails !" "Nails sir ! nails ." repeated the most dignified looking Dombey of the firm; "no sir, what should we do with nails ?" "Wal, I dunno-thought maybe yeou mought. Haint yeou get no nails, eh I" "No, sir." replied Domboy again, with an emphasis, motioning to the door The individual in search of nails took his time about it, and then left the coun ting room. In turn he asked every clerk the same question, and received the information from all "nails" formed no part of the stock of the establish ment. "Well," aid be going towards the door, "don't keep nails here, no how t" The principal salesman, whose digni ty was hurt by the idea that any should suppose that an establishment where he held prominent place should keep nails headed the countryman off as he was proceeding towards the entrance, and asked him, abruptly what he wanted. "Want !" said the countryman as cool es a cucumber' "I want to know if you have got any nails 8" "Nails! no sir. You have been told again and again that we've got no nails, Sso you'd better go." S"Ain't got any nails, eh 1 Well, then r just look a here mister-if you aint got I no nails, waal an awful fi you'd be in if you'd lappms to get the itch. r A late Illinois paper contains a the annonncement of the marriage of a Mr. Wolf to a Miss Lamb. The Nan that Ki..sethe Three Girls. A 'young man boarded at a house in the country where there were several coy damsels who seemed to imagine that men are terrible creatures, whom it was an unpardonable sin to look at, was one forenoon accosted by an acquaintance, and asked what he thonght of the young ladies with whom he boarded. He replied that they. were very shy and reserved. "So they are," returned the other, "and so much so, that no gentleman could get near enough to toll the color of their eyes." "That may be," replied the boarder, quickly, "but I will stake a million that 1 can kiss all three without any trouble." "That you cannot do," cried the other, "it is an achievement which neither you nor any other man can accomplish." The other was positive, and invited his friend to witness his triumph. They en terrd the room together, and the girls were all at home sitting beside their mother, all looking as prim aud demure as Johh Rodgers at the stake, Our hero assumed a very grave aspect, even to dejection, and having looked wistfully at the clock breathed a sigh as deep as Algebra, and as long as a female dialogue at a street door. His singular deportment now attracted the attention of the girls, who cast their slow opening eyes upward to his countenance. Per ceiving the impression that he had made he turned to his companion and said, in a doleful voice: "It wants three miuutes of the time !" "Do you speak of dinner1" said the old lady laying down her sewing work. "Dinner?" said he, with a bewildered aspect, and pointing, as if unconciously, with curled forefinger at the clock. A silence ensued, during which the female portion of the household glared at the young man with inexpressible curiosity. "You will see me decently interred," he said turning to his friend. His friend was as much puzzled as any one present, and his embarrassment add ed to the intended effect; but the old lady being no longer able to contain her self, cried. "Mr. C, pray what do you speak oft" "Nothing," answered he, in a lugubri ous tone, "but that last night a spirit ap peared unto me !" Here the girls rose to their feet and drew near. "And the spirit gave me warning that I should die exactly at twelve o'clock to day, and you see it wants but a half a minute of the time !" The girls turned pale, their hidden sympathies were at once awakened for the doomed and departing one. They stood chained to the spot, looking alter nately at the clock and the unfortunate youth; he then walked up to the oldert of the three girls and taking her hand, bade her a solemn farewell. He also imprinted a kiss upon her lips, which she did not attempt to resist. He then bade the second and third farewell in the same tender manner. His object was achieved and that moment the clock struck twelve. Hereupon he looked surprised, and ejac ulated : "Who would have believed that an apparition would tell such a lie! It was probably the ghost of Ananias or Sap phira." It was some time before the sober maidens understood the joke.- West ern Paper. A PERTINENT QuRY.--I was trave- sing the southern tier of our counties a short time since, when overtaken by a storm which had suddenly arisen, I sought shelter in a very comfortable-look ing domicil possessing much of the "Old Homestead" appearance we sometimes read of. The famly was quite large; and at evening prayers I saw assembled the grey and the flaxen-haired. The el dest of the company, I should judge had seen at least the third generation of his name; a worthy sire, and one who de manded reverence atfirst sight. I felt peculiarly awe stricken when this old man, after reading a chapter in the bible knelt to offer thanks for the manifold blessings of our common Creator. The room would have resonnded to the least noise; and all were silent until the final 'Amen" which was uttered with pecu liar emphasis. Hardly had the "Amen" been uttered, when a bright eyed urchin suddenly projected his towhead abor the other side of the room, sad in quired : "Grandpa, why don't you say._'A women' sometimes, when you are done rThe effeet was irresistable.-Kn.i cr bocker. Ap One unquiet, perverse disposition, distempers the peace and unity of a whole family or society, asone jarring im strument will spoil whole oncert. Some Shaing. The type of chilis and fever in Anne Arundel county, Md., is of rather a vio. lent nature. An editor in that section speaks of a visit he had the other dlay from rather a queer genius, named Tom, when the following dialogue ensued : "How do you do, old fellow ?" "Hallo, Tom," said we, "rwhere have you been so long r' "Why, sir, I have been down on Sev en River, in Anne Arundel county, ta king Shangai notes on the chills and fever." "Ah, indeed," said we, "are they very bad down there?" "Rather bad," said Tom, drily. "There is one place where they have been try ing to build a brick house for eight weeks -well, the other day, as the hands were getting up the bricks preparatory to fin ishing it, they were taken with a chill, and shook the whole buildingcompletely down, and kept on shaking till the bricks were dust of the finest quality! Just at this juncture the, chills came on with renewed force, and they commenced shaking up the dust with such a gusto that they were entirely obscured for two hours and the people of the neighbor hood thought the sun was in an eclipse." "Can't believe nothing like that Tom." "It's a fact," said Tom, and resumed : "There's a farmer down there, who, in apple picking season, hauls his niggers out to the orchard, and sets one up against each tree. In a short time, the chill comes on and every apple in the orchard is shaken off the tree on to the ground." -"Incredible!" said we, holding our sides with hands. "Fact," said Tom, "they keep a man alongside of each negro, to take him away as soon as the fruit is off for fear he will shake the tree down." Tom continued : "Mr. S----, a friend of mine and a house carpenter, was en gaged a few days ago in covering the roof of a'house with shingles. Just as he was finishing the chill came on and he shook every shingle off the root Some of them are supposed to be flying about yet." "Anoher gentleman near the same place, wa ttaken with a chilt the other day at dinner, and shook his knife and fork down his throat, besides breaking all the crockery-ware on the table. His little son who was sitting at the table at the same time, was taken with a chill and shook all the buttons off his inex pressibles, and then shook himself clear out of them !" We then prevailed upon Tom to desist who did so, with the understanding that he was to give us the balance at some other time. Persons who think of emigrating to Anne Arundel county, will please take notice. FROZEN TO DEATH.-A poor half starved shivering little girl last night came up to watchman Winn, and begged of him to go with her, stating that her father had just frozen to death, and that her mother was nearly insensible from the same cause. The watchman accom panied the girl to a miserable hovel on East street, near Douglass, and thare found a confirmation of her story. The father lay dead, ad his wife insensible both being stretched on the floor, with only half of an old bed spread to shield them from the inclemency of the weath er. Immediately the watchman saw the state of things he went to work to save the life of the mother; he procured from the vicinity some wood, built a fire having succeeded in obtaining covering and other necessaries, made the survi. vors as comfortable as the lateness of the hour would permit. An inquest was held over the body of the deceased at sauearly hour this morning which re sulted in rendering a verdict of death from exposure.-Baltimore Patriot A SCRAP or HIsroar.-Pope Sixtus the Fifth was an honored and revered Father in God, and an infallible succes sor of the chief of the Apostles. Macau lay, in his new volume, tells us that the holy Pope, finding that he could not directly cope with a gang of outlaws, who bad got a strong hold among the Appenines had a train of mules loaded ith poisoned wine and food, sent on a rodl that ran close to the fastness. The robbers sallied forth, seized the prey, feasted and died The pious old Pope exulted greatly ben he heard that the corpses of thirty rufians'had been found lying among the mules and packages. Mr. Greeley telegraphs to the Tribune that the prosecution of Mr. Rust of Arkansas, for the late assault upon him, has not been prompted or advised by him. The eomplaimant is a lawyer. TAI Posr Orruc.-" Any letter here for mother I' said a child at the poet office yesterday. She was a frail girl, scarcely the child to struggle through the crowd around her; but her eager look and trembling tone told how anx ious was the heart within her breast. We kept the crowd back while the polite clerk carefully examined the pack. ages of B's. How the child's eyes strain ed, how her heart seemed to stand ! and her breath was almost hushed as she followed the shuffling hand of the clerk. Lower the pile grew-one by one, and not a letter! The tears are in the pe titioner's eyes, for she will bear sad tidings to some lonely fireside. Stop l the clerk closely scans the last letter-it is a heavy one; he weighs it, but it is not over the half ounce; it is to the given name; and the child readily dan ces for joy! As it is shoved under the grating the attenuated hand grasps it with a tremor, and pressing it to her bosom the little creature is lost amid the throng. What was the history of that child of that mother-of that letter ! Thought was busy, and there came before us the picture of a room scantily furnished, apparently cold and comfortless. A woman-the mother-is pacing to and fro, and the deep lines upon her face be trayed -the sadness and care at her heart. She watches at the window, for the coming of her child is to bring bad or good tidings to that hearth. The child's steps are not slow-she bounds along over the slippery walks, she has the let ter, and what are ice and cold to her now She is at the gate, and the mother is at the door, "I have it! I have it " and the child and letter are both upon the mother's breast. There is joy in the household, for the money has come, and the father has work at good wages, and the dear ones shall want no more ! Reader ! this is the history of one let ter; but who shall guess the joy or sor row-the hope and fear-the light and darkness which are momentarily passing from beneath that little grate in the post office! A Hir To ran Launas.-Tb e folow ing paragraph which we caut from anm exebscge is true in its application : "Among all the accomplishments which our young ladies are expected to acquire, itis to be regretted that the art of conversation is not included. No grace of person or manners ean compen-. sate for a lack of this. In youth the conversation of our women is apt to be trifling and insipid, and in middle age is too often confined to complaints of health and the scandal of the day. Lively conversation upon instructive and ele vating topicsj but little practiced, but whenever it is found, it gives charm to the society of females which nothing else can. It triumphs over deformities and old age, and makes ugliness itself agre able. Curran, speaking of Madame de Stael, who was by no means handsome, but a splendid conversationalist, said that 'she had the power in talking her self into a beauty.' Ladies should think of this; Beauty lies in other things than fine features and cosmetics?. OLD BABYLON.-Dr. Oppert, of France has spent two years on the site of old Babylon, examining the cuneiform in scriptions on the bricks and slates. He states that the famous old city, in the days of its grandeur and power, covered rather more than an area of two hun dred square miles, being about two and a half more than the site of London. But all this space was inhabited, there being immense fields to supply the city with corn and pasture in case of seige. Tar Scorea MLLu.tonRL.-Mr. John Furguson, who recently died in Scotland, possessed of property valued at *8,300. 000, is said to have been the largest hold er of American securities in Europe. He was also the holder of a large amount of English sad boatinential securities, and was considered the wealthiest common er in Scotland. Words arelittle things, but they strike hard. We wield them so easily that we are apt to forget their hidden power. Fitly shoken, they fail like the sunshine, the dew, and and the fertilisiny rain ; but when unfitly, like the frost, thehail, and the desolating tempest. A Comoir COAss.-"Doctor," said a somewhat nervous person to an eminent physieian, "my daughter has had a ter rible fit this morni ~be contided for full half an hour.out. knowledge or understanding." "Oh don't mind that,"'said the doctor "flme people continue so all their fives"