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Sugar planter. [volume] (West Baton Rouge [i.e. Port Allen, West Baton Rouge Parish, La.]) 1856-1925, July 26, 1856, Image 2

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gH Al eommunieationa intended to promote the pri
vate ead. or interests or Corportions. Societibe, Indi.
v.ilaL, orschoole, will be charged sa oatertisee•tl.
Ca.Cds of a uUSos.tL ehareeter can OUT be in
aerted in ths pasper-r adertZaSonts, atl- must be
paid for Ir ADVACc
Communatrtions intended for this paper ohould be
directed to Baton Rouge, RIo? W'cI Batoa Rouge.
Our exelhnged will conte a favor upon us by direct
Ig Uas abovc.
S Any of our Baton Rolge trieuto bavion cnm
munlcationl, &e., for the R.I.,, PLr r-a, by leaving
themt with Mr. aicthrd Markham, on board the
ferrybnat, Byrowa, will be promptly received and
attended to.
Geo, iE. Spirague, at Plaquemine, is ouran
tbori.ed agent and col.ector.
lHeatry J. Packett, is our authoritedeol
teoter for the city of Baton Rouge.
to Mesre. Hyatt .PSraler, No. 22 Commer
clal Place, are our special Agent. for New Orleans.
First Dbtrlct.
Flter--J. B. WILKINSON, Jr., of Plaque
Sab.titte--Hon. GEORGE EUSTIS.
econd Distldet.
Baeor--GLENDY BURKE, of Orleans.
Substitute-H. M. SUMMERS, of Orleans.
Thiad District.
Eector-D. F. KENNER, of Ascension.
S6stitute--B. G. THIBODEAUX, of Ter.
Fourth District.
Eletor--PRESTON POND, Jr., East
Sabstitate-N. S. EDWARD S, Washington.
1iith District.
Eletor-JOHN E. KING, of St. Landry.
Substistte-A. D. COCO, of Avoyelles.
Slth IDistrict.
Eector--PETER ALEXANDER, Tensas.
S.6stitute-L. P. CRAIN, of Caddo.
SATURDAY, JULY 26, 1856.
Rslly T EetallT 2 21E lly
E iP TH ,LL m OLL. 10.UJ1
The Members of the American Party
of West Baton Rouge, are requested to
assemble at the COURT House on Satur
day August 2nd at 10 o'clock, A. M.
for the purpose of forming a Fillmore
Club for the parish, and arranging for
the Campaign.
Police Jary Notice.
parish are hereby notified to attend a meeting to be
held on MONDAY, August 4th, 159 at 10 o'clock
a. Punctasl attmedauce is requested.
6 By order:
7 Those grapes were magnificent, Vu- t
LST, many thanks to you.
0 Too busy this week to attend to that a
"same old Koon "-keep your perspiration I
up. We'll gently faues on you in our next.
0- The Polce Jury were to have had a
meeting on Monday last, but after waiting
with the patience of martyrs in that cool and
ddigtful saumner residence, known as the
Court Houre, no quorumin appearing at a
late hour, they adjourned to meet on the fists
Monday in August. If something i not done
with that delapitated fairy Pagoda, his Honor
will be after somebody with a sharp stick.
DAaczrEoTrTES.-We visited the Da
guerrean gallery of Messrs. VaiL & Psasac
on Monday last, and were astonished at the
beauty, skill and finish of their pictures
Among them we recognised many laces fa
miliar about town, which to our mind is an
evidence that their efforts are justly receiving
a liberal share of patronage. Give them a
call and see for your selves. Rooms in Hero
man's beliding, corner of Florida and Main
-We have just recieved the July number
of the new series of the United States Mag
azine, which we think is equal to any smilar
Magazine in the country. It contains many
beautiful illustrations, and its reading matter
is well selected. The low price asked for it
-two dollars per annum.;-p ould place it in
the hands ofevery one. The propiretors pro.
misr to spare no pains or expense to, keep
up the style and character of.the future nusi
hiem. This work can be had at Me-ormaacks.
VsonrAt Wain Cosvinsrow.-Ridhaosd,
July 17.-The State Whig Convention passed
remadatios denouncing the Republican party
.oditsedidats ;disapproving of the course
f the admiaistration in disturbing the- is
soear Comnpomise for party purposes; de
'ioa. ing Buchanan and the Democracy; sus.
taiing FillmWaoreas the met -sitabe person
for the EFecutive Chair in the present eri
is, but diselaimifg the adoption of the prin
eiples of the party nominating him; and
eaUling for a National Convintiio .to meet at
Baltimonr on the third Wednesday i Sep.
The.d terica n patriot is the name of a new
paper in Boston which raises the Fillmore
and Donelson leg. A daili is to be issued.
* Mr. Buchanan and his AzteoedenBl.
* In our last, we produced from tle record, testimony
to saow, that Mr. Bvnartaa, in the outset, and dun T
rlag the earler part of his political career, was an
ansnt supporter of Federalism, and a no less ardent n
Sopponent of Slavery extension-facti, that few of our n
. D. mocratic friends have hadthe temerity to deny, A
SsAlad none, the ingenuity to combat, with anything like T
a. a kadow of succe.
oe It ib our purpose, now, to examine the remaining t
landmarks in his history, as briefly as may be, with- t
out doing injustice to the parties interested. o
In 1820, Mr. Bvca..A. was .~keted a representative p
to Congress, but as he did not take his seat untiythe
t- following year, of course, he was unable to particilate a
in the exciting scenes, growing out of the pr~poletion
-, to admit Missouri into the Union; }et we believe it
og can be satisfactorily ashoai, that he and lis I'riudos,
he were in a great measure, responsiblel fot the intro' uc
tion, into Congress. at t..is period, of a fireb5:nd,
u- that come well :igh setting the whple country ix t
|dames, in the shape of an amendatory condition t, the
i-t bill of admission, conceived in the follUwi.g terms:
"All children of slaves, Iru witih: hhr aid State
' after the adtni,,iott t!,,-r, cf ito tlbsI Uti,. lhait i-C it
free, but may be bell to u,,rviceuitilie age -i ,wnti
Styive yeairs; uand the turtlhv iutr.,-uction of tavery
or involuntary servitude is prohibited, except for tl.e
punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have i
been duly convicted.'
This amendment, which gave rise to a state of et
eitement, that almost produced a disruption cf the
Union, was introduced in the House, by one of the t
Pennsylvania delegation, we behlive, and is, ,Iw.bti s
e literotiwm a, transcript of the in.tructioon of the
legislature of Pennsylvania to her Senators and Rep
resentatives in the Congress.
It will be recollected that the resolutions ofinstrue- r
tion, to which we refer, were adopted, December 1819.
pending the discussion of the bill for the admission or t
Missouri, and moreover, that they were adopted, in ac- I
cordance, with a set of resolutions (a sample of which 1
wa published in our last issue) drafted by Mr. Be
cuatxn and others, at a meeting held in Lancaster, a
short time previous to the action of the legislature
upon the subject. In view of suchastatement of facts.
so unprejudiceaI mind can deny that Mr. Bcruaresa Is
responsible to a greater or less extent, for the frste
great sectional contest in this country.
But, however strong may have been Mr. Blrc. a s a
opinions, in opposition to the admission of new terri
ritory, without a condition prohibiting -'the further
introduction of slavery" in such territory, it is cer
tain, after the country had become tranquilized
and reposed in complete acquiescence in the settle
ment of the .'Missouri Question," tiat he yielded to
the popular sentiment, and thereafter continued a
warm defender of the inviolability of the Compromise
of 1b20.
It was not until 1826, six years after Mr. BIcca..ts ,
r entered Congress, that anything occurred. in his po
political career, werthy of note. Sometime during
the session of that year, in hpril we think, be took
,e oceasion for the first time, as a representative in our
national legislature, to g:ve expression to his views
in referencO to the question of slavery. We quote
from his speech 'elivered at that session:
Permit me here, Mr. Chairman, for a moment to
speak on a subject to which I here never befire ad
verted upon this floor, and to which I trust. I may
never again have occasion to advert. 1 mean the
subject of slavery. I beieve it 1t boo grwt l itical oand
a great sm ral esil. I thank God say lot has ien cdl in
a sTae rwke it doaes not eeis. e e * c
It heasbe a cySa catlailt apa msbylhae notida which
- amkes it asubjet of reproach in our institutuirns.
soakes i asubjed of reproack in our intiailumtr . g
These are not the sentiments of inexperienced youth,
but of a middle aged man, whose experience had ex
tended through twelve years of public life and whose a
judgment was fully matured.
Now, we would ask those, who have felt disposed to c
7 deny or doubt Mr. BrcaQAs's participation in that
LO much talked of Lancaster meeting and Mr. Gla.r'ct
Jose particularly. the only authority for such denial
- or doubt, to compare his views above, in reference to
the subject of slavery, with ttose expre.sed by him
s in 1819, to be found embodied in the lAncaster resolu
r8 tions. In both we discover the same deeprootedprej
udices against the institution of slavery. if not actual
hostility; andif there be any difference inhis opinions,
at these different periods, the balance is in thvor o.
thelatter; for his prejudices seem tohave increased
with age, rather than have diminished, as will more
be clearly aupear hereafter.
ck In 1828, we fnd ahother chapter in Mr. Bcansa.t.'s
history worthy of notice, relative to his action in re
ference to wl*l is commonly called the "Black TarirT."
Although at this period, en had given in his adherence
A. to the Democratic party, he still retained the same
views, that he did, while a member of theold, defunct
Federal party, in regard to a high protective Tariff,
at and retains them totnis day we presume; for as late as
on 1842, we find him supporting the same anti-Democratic
Sdoetrine pon that question. So far as the South was
coneerned, it was almost a unit in opposition to the
a tariff of 1829, and South Carolina openly rebelled
against the government, in its attempts to enforce its
prlvisions, and yet, Mr. BvcaLAs strenuously sup
d poitdthli~'riff, so odious to the whole Southern
he Imneraey.
a From this period up to 1844, we are unable to dis"
et enveranything in Mr. BrecaN.as's record worthy of
sne notice, unless it be, his voting against Edward Ever
ett. as Minister to England, on the grounds (as is al.
br leged) of his opinion, that Congress had power to
abolish slavery in the District of Columbia. We refer
to this fact with all the more pleasure, as it is the
only one in his whole history, that we have been
IAC able to discover, which looks anything like a spirit of
the toleration. But we fear even this act will not bear
es too close an inspection. It has been chargi:d, but we
fa- do not vouch for the truth of the charge, that Mr.
Buca.'.A's action in thius matter, was influenced by
an personal motives, and circumstances, go very far to
ng5 wards corroborating the truth of the charge. That
n a Mr. BucaAtAx, who, up to this time, was an openly
ro- avowed opponent of slavery, should vote against Mr.
Ei Evmrr'a representing our government at a Foreign
Court, simply because he was ofopinionthat Congress
had the power to abolish slavery in the District of
ber Columbia, is very strange and unaccountable, to say
the least. However, admitting his motives totave
arbeen what they were alleged to be, what does it make
for Mr. Buca.!a? Why, simply this-that in his
laY opinion Congress had no power to abolish slavery in
ter thelDstrictof Columbia, and hence, upon one ques
t it tion, he coincided with the Southern view. But this
in question of the power of Congress over slavery, in the
r.District of Columbia, is purely a constitutional and
legal one, and hence, the most notorious Free-Soiler
or Abolitonist in the Union might vote against the
abolition of slavery there, on constitutional and legal
kg. grndsa without inconsistency ; therefore, it does
mat necessarily follow, that, because Mr. BuCLtaax
d. 4ilnks Congress has no power over the question of
med slavery in the District of Colrmbis, that he has. any
rty sympathies or ainittel in common with the South.
n Sil out of generosity, we are willing to give Mr.
Bicn iva all the credit his friends claim for this act
---t will then constitute a solitary spotlgss page, in
deo his whole record.
lus. In 1844 during the disemssien whieharsee, in regard
ton tothe admission of Texas into the Union, Mr. Brcacn
•ri- A again took occasion to express in Congress, his
viewsin reference to slavery. We extract from his
speech delivered on the 8th of June, and ask every
and Southerner to red and ponder it :
Sat "Inarriving at the conclusion to support thistrea.
ty, I had to encounter bu one serioul oblsace, AxD rs*r
was rs qsrlrnor or avavrar. Whilst I ever have
maintained, and ever shall malptain, in their full
fores and vigor, theconstitutionai rights of the South
ier States over their slav4eproperty, Iyet{el at rog
lore U sionoerst a enitew ldns i y After mature
reAeotton, however, I overcame these scruples, and
d now be.sre that the acquisition of Texas will be the,
means of LI.ITING: nut LŽ.t-.ilt l the dumILtan o
" In tie government of the worl,|, I'rnrtodene' gen
erally prodluces great changes ity gradual meatis
There is nothing ral in the outcitstlt the AlmigtY T
May not, then, the aqeluiitiou of Texas tbe the enre
of gradually drawing throe a ofar to the eiouth to a
climate morOeonfge al to thrirnature ; antid may the
not coally pas oil into 3Mexico. all erUoK. mtGtI.swrI'fU
wA UAC Wlin=E n pFtIt'Dltl; EOTioT at twLsT l01a tiltoRt td
The .Mxic. n at, i .s l. w.ad ,lof t~ r.it Indiaon
anid ,t lges, blended together tu every sariety. will
would re aeive our ..ave . ho .et . . f Iperlrn-t ..et C
equatity. To this condition they 0o5cr caa be admet
ted in the United States.
"That the aequi lti. ofT Texan would, ere long,
convert Marylnd. Virinid, . n eutuceky \lisosuri ad ti
prubablv others ofithe more Northern ilale :atos Ieian
to fire t ,tate, I entertoil not a o oi
Buit anold mlOlr he rereotaolu the oo icOt. em055 O
will e bruee'ht it inf ,t.r.tatiN ht Is it.ast .: Jy rent
o rStaoS.."· ter fo
, ¢txaterrithasorty of is u ot fla thf ' i n
ul-titmutenb (.lLver t totict I harbe tre.rret" ; ll
tha othtrthree. itink we-et aud torth of ea Antonit,
beiu orlnt aoapted, tfartnint and grazeing purpo.
woulm acnitauit oc C n.- re itodtttitouts.
itn th eno, the re o. there would te two A a,'e atld
wtldest flightt, reoe utter such armet aboiititn sttit-.
meatsi, ao the abtt. ? We hiar yet to learn thie tat-i
No T lusty recorhe fotty year· t, " hoee to be
STtfor tLe L atlting prooe of uir. Btn.IN's
Srotte·r.n..,. The u6t i n scar elvdry on llthe llage wle L i
toy acl ,,',rde'd. Trhe.y are his lates-t direct public
Ie!rc.l of opin.n, ont Clll subjiiieet of slavery, and i
hiey are hic o piiious at this momtt. To edlhtatr :
tir tll aeway-tu tollctrl I their hideousoeso from the
iewtrf tsi elle ll th South, avt dealoti ou ingt
ntty allt mere tale reprclletat tou bave beii eo- 1
tployed, hbut li ge-nat Nelptone' oreani " dles not
contain wat.-r eoaugh to elath outthi dark stt otm fr
Shis te, rd. And yet, this is the man pre-erated to
n othe outh, as orthy of its upport fr the higheast
r -cfice in thle gift of tha el e people ut wr ise to a re
i i'ew of another imprie. orn s .tt in 31r lito tiatest
histry. It beas brne uden d that he was in foaor ofa
clairmed by his opponents t. In the lut of this de
i nial, we think weshall be able to how that he was it.
mout ardent u nlporter, and b. inference, if by no
Sstronger prof, that he was oppsed i the yn ebraska
K-au.asbil. and, only now, is wiltingto submit to its
remntinng untouched, on the groounds of his oppo
sitaon to the re-op ein i of the agitation lf sravery
d again. at the risk of the diatoluti( of the Untios:
B " l Wosn Texas was adi'tt ol into, cur r'mni~e the
a same opirit of eemprcmn..e which guided our prede.
Sreaesorn in the ablteoe thot li)o uri, a quarter otf
century beure, pre' ailol wnithout ard -r-iuo- epp te
Satics.ou.ri T ompr. . tea-lutin for tn.oatllg le-xast
the traitet -:ate , atpproved Mani*ht n he ica :, Lr4b
- prt itoe.., -"'lat suhi Staltora t ere t.. termted out otf
gsaid rrtcry 1r isr et.:rrth f r6 tdegiOirsen in ' so n i
Snorth tati'ud, ', com m , .nl y knto. wn as t oI . tlf .toe ret m, . -
l proumice li ne, hall be ndt attelingto ti.e onitoi wit
or slth.t 'laout-re. as the peontlrd each tatrahis rg
a mission may dt-ire. Anttd N -.'~h iate rot "qatts
i tonhal be fe to n of the t,territory north of a
Co Anmpre-l le r iin. 1aver, or ·cluutary lervitwda e
(except for crtt shaltli be ptol n bitld "i
' Ought we now tto dioturs the rit.-oui and Trcar,
1. Corpromise' Uoughit we, at thliv hat day. 05 1 :
y tempting to annutlI wt1: ha' tern o luny e-o tbfli .:Led
r and aequi'=ieni in. to excite er tiuna diitiouns and
;d jealonsiea-to a.mlaete the pet-l, .df ti.e ditrr nut prr.
ta lions of the Union .oam eaeth other-:nL 1 Lt rioai' t:
ttBut close it nowandit would be close I forever. T.e
great quteatit", b -ete hetot r._, r, at inierrt ,t ,I our
Scountry hate et.n writl ,ti ntr-I and d.cied in tlhe
SIMissouri t'otproiti,. altid fron that mmr-nt er toea.e
Sfset" dounr alsy t imlrx the lide tt, re t e.rrt aubhl byi
oeand tcre Iu.tiold let fat : jsoo ll ta.! ,lot f r'.
Again. two )ear- rarlter, we Siad bih sending iu his
tcelebrated ierbsr litter the f"ilowitng toat:
a .'The i.Mi. -ori Cttronori-..tto- its atttptioa in 1;:0
r msaed ati : o front U thrL atstir lraI cotto .out ;it a x
tieiai(,n in ib47 to a ti-w territori a trrth w- itay
aotuire will securo lle thaply re- ,uL .
At t stll later, il ittg, he eoncloesa l-tter to
SThaddius 'auLford, Mot i!e. in tits f- ,. iuu lan;:ace t ra
- In oclu.ion, l .l,!e to r-itora'e a,]o re-ahrlm
I erery nc tiottet contaitIneti mi ltreo ctint) -.tee,
at I .t n .g e ,Me aMsourir toonis'tira usirlh sreatorree t e a'y
t,.: ever, atonal yda rraldt believe·l :s ct ! .::' *c, i Ly
ts, r (oL'o tinyam ro llltwalz.r I!~l
Were any other evidence necessmry to proie that
Mr. BracssLas was opposed to the disturbance of the
Missouri Compromise and consequentlyto the Kansas it
Nebraska act, we might, refer for corroborative teort. tc
mony, to a letter written by him last winter, which L(
was mtade public by Mr. Slidell. This letter was an
electioneering humbur. suggested by Mr. StID.L, but
the thing was badly managed, on the part of Mr. P4 -
caerea.. It was necessary for him, in order to stand
any chance for the nomination of the Presidency, to n
endorse the Kansas.Nebraska act. But this he
could not do. He had not yet put oil the aeeds u
assumed at the death of his beloved Compromise, and
could only in a lachrymose style, acknosle.dge his
acquiesnwe in what had been done, since the evil could
not be remedied without producing a greater. Not h
even in his letter of acceptance of the nomination tI
could he conceal his strong disapprobatlsn of the re. u
newal of the agitation oftne slavery luestion, brought
about by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise b
through the Kansas Nebrn.ka act. We extract from
his letter the following harti blow. concealed though o
it may be, at IioC' ': and his conspirators against
the safety of the LUion: b
I most cheerfully plelge myself. should the nemi- f
nation of the Convention be ratitled by the people,
e that all the power and influence constitutionally poe- M
nsesed by the Executive shall be exerted in a firm. C
conciliatory spirit during the single term I remain in
if offce, to restor the e.same harmosnya.oMgoursidterS.lae. h
.r hliA fre~ailed before this aplte of dicord, in the form
of slacery ayilation, had been cast in their midt. ji
We are compelled for the want of space to leave the a
conclusion of Mr. Bcciau.s's record for our next e
iasue. ii
y DESERTING HIx-A New York cc, respon
t. dent of the Macon Telegraph confirms our
n opinion of the defection from the Buchanan
ranks, and testifies to the fact that Mr. Fill
more's chances for the Presidency are better 0
than those of the former gentleman. The
. writer says:
is "When I-hear solid conservative Demo- a
n crats speak against Mr. Buchanan's platform,
s. or refuse to commit themselves to him, it
is looks doutful as to his carying State a North n
e of Mason and Dixon's line."
a Shall the South waste her vote on such a
chance, and thereby give the election to Fre
mont? Let us unite upon Fillmore, if we
would save the country. It the only chance. t
r Georgia paper.
y HANGAN s DAY.--The Washington Organ
a. says--cMr. Buchanan has been an unlucky
r. man all his life, and to crown the whole has
been nomiated for the Presidney on afriday !
[.- On the 4th, the colored men of New I
York who are entitled to vote held a meet. -
ing and ratified Col. Fremoat's nomination. i
Is x t
We now look upon the election of Fremont
as being certain.
LT The Macon (Georgia) Messenger, one I
' of the ablest and most influential journals in
f- that State, comes to us this week with the
names of Fillmore and Donelson at the head
Sof its columns. It gives its reasons for
is adopting this cour:e. .
The Steamboat Controversy l
.'lu i
Below, we lay before our readers, a letter in
from Capt. Cotten of the "Coast line 1 u 'rat.
packets, in which he cormplains that we have ab,li
done him injustice. it",
Our article of which hie complains, was to
nat the result of the complaint of ons ruer- tha
chant, but as we are creditably informed, of a and
great number. Capt. Cottein truthfully states Itu
that ":he believes we would not injure himi." u,.
nor would we injure any mIla or Ornel, with- Ilo
out sufficient cause. We may hase been ,
uissled, but believe troro the clharacter of our c:,
informant for veracity an:d hour. that we i,
were not. 'here is onle view of t!:e I:ttert'l
however, which our merchants imay il\:a ,e
(in their indgnation at beir.g Ji,c.-d to paI'y
higher rates than they were accilst.,lied , t.
voerlooked. The Calpitol was a aveorite boat I
and a large portion of the Baton Rouge trad
was given exclusively to her, as her charges it
were alcirys imoderate. ;V hen sh:: ceased I.,!
running in the trade, our merchants were
!forced to have their freight carried on the
s coast packets at rates which-no matter
whether they were the cus'.t:uiry rate' or
not of the coast packets-were higher thaii
those of the Captial. Therefore, they nray
e have come hastily to the coinclu-ion that the
officers of the C. D. and l.aurel lfiil, had
taken advautage of the C'apitoi's withdrawal A
- and raised the prices of freight It is true
there are five hundred boats ruanrng on the 'i
Mississippi, one or more of which pass Bato:
Rouge daily, but it would be as sfe and as ul
I coinvenient for our merchants to ship on therm fi
as it would be for them to entrust thirel: entire
mails to the care and attention of private ti
a The coast packets arrive at a certain hour t
a four times a week, and deliver their freights "
i within a few hours of a specified timtie at 0'
Baton Rouge. All mistakes with them are
easily rectified. but with steamers out el this
trade, how is it t A merchant writes to New u
Orleans. for goods and directs them as the t
' coast chrarges are t:o high to be placed oi an
. upper country steamer. lite does not know
'o In what steamer they are conong-on what
o day, or at what hour .he left--and to pay for
- this inf,orm.at:ors by telegraph, would only "
increase the ciharzes-and it the treiebtt is
landed corrc t!y he is not prepared to receive
' it. beside. tie add:itnal i:hirges to the wharf
taseter for receiving it, aJd even the whar:
Sma.-ter d oes nut kt:ow u henll le receives it.
' thter t is rightly ideivered or not-torI er
ad haps days.'-ftCr the upper co:iutry bhot goes
o on her \%ay) rejoicing. with perhaps sundry
Irackages undeliveredairn perhaps to return d
•.e i no more to New Orleans for weeks and some
,e i times months, he receives per coast line mtail
" i i his Bills of Lading.
his illts of Lading.
Their only recourse is to have their busi
ness done by the Bella Donna, and she ar- G
nries at Baton Rouge on Sunday when nearly
every store is closed and drays, if they ran bc
had. charge twenty per cent advance on the:r
usual price for hauling.
Thus, although. many of our merchants
freight on the Bella Dona, still there are a
nuLmber \s ho justly consider the coast line a
nmcnopoly as far as they are concerned, for
their principles prohibit them from profiti cl:
by the lower freights of the Bella Donra on,
the Sunday trip and they are literally frcerd
to ire ight on the coast packets. The latter
boats present all the advantages to shippers
we have enumerated above, and if they con
eider themselves justified in charging higher
than the other boats it only remains for the
merchants to grin and bear it.
We would further state that the persons
upon whose statements we have based, our
notice of the steamboat controversy, so far
from being invidious towards the coast line
have uniformily stated that they were sorry
that the line was persuing such a course and
we assure the ofticers of that line, that no
one has spoken to us in regard to the matter,
but in a friendly tone of spirit towards the
officers of both boats.
Capt. Cotten, certainly understands his
business and is justified in refusing to carry
freight at a lower rate than will pay, but there
was another boat in the trade besides the
Capitol, and if she has lost, the Bella Donna
has made-that is if we may be permitted to
judge, from her constantly increasing freights
and the loads she discharges at Baton Rouge
every Sunday. Our trade may be poor, but
it is really surprising to us it it is so. If a
city of nearly eight thousand inhabitants and
supporting a hundred stores of different kinds,
cannot support two boats at moderate rates
in her trade, particularly when she has no
other medium of feceiving supplies but by
the river on which they float, then we con
fess that we were mistaken in our deduction
and took Baton Rouge for Bayou Goula or
In conclusion, we would state that we do
not know Capt. Cotten tromn Capt. Morrison,
and so vice versa. add that we believe the
popularity of one is equal to that of the other
in Baton Rouge. Our remarks were made
in a spirit of warning and we believe as we
thought before, that freight can be brought
as low as it ever was, and we take leave of
the subject with the remark, that our columns
are open to both steamboatmen and mer
Sr.laxE Csrrro, July, 15th 1856.
Sir:-In your paper of the 12th, an article is pub
lished which does us great injustice, and I do not be
lieve that you would injure us if you were net misled
in regard to facts. Your paper charges that "when
the Capitol ceased running in the trade, freight im
mediately went up." You are entirely in error. The
Capitol carried freights for one half the regular rates
for certain parties in Baton Rouge. When I run the
Irel Hill in opposition to the Capitol, I steadily re
fused to carry freights at under rates. Some of my
friends urged me to reduce my rates in order to com
pete with and injure the Capitol. I always replied
that the Capitol was breaking herself fast enough, and
my predietions have been verified, for in nine months
a boat that cost sixty five thoauand dellare was hope
lessly and it trievably brokn. .Si'io the ('pit
luit. I have I . ly dCtil I ed to. .ilvt. oo.r i.t'onr S it. Lr
ruCiroiiy lo :rstes. .My rates have noit bel.nad.lt u,". i
-,n the contrary thiy hale been reduled a litte. li
This is a a itll'" eLatimenlt ul tacti . '"an any r-asoin- i an
able .man, think I will breaik mty slfto amusethe Baton Co
|'ouger terchant ? And then how utterly redieiulous
i to say that we 'rlmnuilzr" b..'r caun fte t trade is so poor
that 1I uther boats Lnve tailed? The shippers wbo croak ti
about high freight, hase the power to Itreight on any in
and every one of the li.e hbnndred boats that pass of
:loton Rlae. Why .t1 they not do it? .\ a busi- di
. i mat, I :now lull well that I call only l intait n i
imy out, in thr treaie by donag buunr~ , i.:-aper t:ani
i,tlr,, aii by a:tr'inii uperir lo cib. ,....ii! ace, v
r mia:ion.. B.t there a. a point bulow ih;:." n, onu Itl
can go vwlthiut loiugi . Capt. UL ii; cj ow .;l: an]
iuig tie tof our boat and heartily agi eti i with :., ri
N.. o ," !nows bett, r titan i, do.1,,e th, , , f at of
";nlflits; to do b,.rni - a.t he tidl, an tI.L'P er' to ; ir 0
. m r , , .f ,i | , l.tI II h I Pnuch I !aveP l it a -ii .;t
rlo rebr(.u t ran be i tlo l i.,11t1 0t " i, who .'o ,' s n
cIuonont lue aod say that I now charge hilm i:,,r tl.au It
I old l.,t ", ar ar at the titi the . . t I A ,
n' t h -itate t.o ay ti:at I coulId ).tvv au.y -.'.ci to bi. I
Sgutity of '.Ihao 1. You wr.ng ute deely by cite t
t I.ting sulch charges iin your paper on the repre+enrta
tion l fn iu\'idillllln |ersF.nid , anl, ! i tl i- ioU i il as .
knoliaedge ts ,ojunltice. f.eapectf.ul.,
J. A. (oros. a
Tr i I!ltor Sugar Planter. J r
EastBatol Rouge Stiriung!
On Tuesday last, the bone and sinew of the t
1 Americani p[arty of East Baton Riiuie met at I
the 'ilub Remln over the Franklinl lo.use to
orgalitze the i"ti.trOIir ItANi;ort: for the I
coming canvass. It has been our lot ito ,_,k
upon many political gatherinigs white tie
fire anti spirit of enthusiasm was instilled in
Sto every oe, but ineer have seen the assem
bly of the Rangers equalled. After the elec
tion of the olficers, speeches were wade by
Messrs. Daigre, Brunot. Pierce and 3!orgaii,
that showed a conceptiton of the American
tt larty and its principles tiat would have hon
ored older heads.
s Our enthusiastic friend, II. M1. Piracr was
. unanimously elected Preoidlett by acclamation
--and the shouts that went up, upon his elec
ein tSor,dciared the estimation iin s hich he
rwas ihed by the mnembers of the Club. H.m1
has done good service to his country in A1ex
tco. and in his unseavering and uaflinching
,upport of Scott and Grahama ill da)s gone
Sbe. and we know and everyone e:-e knows
t:ht: te will Icave no stone unt:u::ed to huo;
C esrl' secure the election of F-intore and
Fesi.. It. BanusoT. our talented young sub s
E2etor bfr East Baton Rouge, was elected d
a, Vice President with the same enthusiasm hi
that characterized the election of the Presi- S
dent. FILIx will make himself known and bi
heard in this canvas. in tones that cannot be C,
Mr. N. O. ll.sar.s. was elected Secretary c;
without a dissenting voice. After which Si
ono hun.L,'cd and itwraty-sere..liames were en- t
reied. d
APer the meeting adjourned, the club pre- h
ceeded by a tine band of music. took up its P
line of march through the pliincipal streets of
tie fair city of Red Stick, cheering their F
Iriends as they passed their residence. - b
East Baton Rouge is a'wake and thoroughly a
stirred 'p for the fray, and we predict that b
on the first of November, she will give Fall- t
more and II, :ne.3n a larger majority than c
was ever cast there for any candilte before. •
Ali success to the RASNGERs and their gallant
officers! f
-As the unswerveing purity and consistency
of John C. Breckenbridge. have, since his
nomination for the Vice Presidency, been
continualy harped upon by the Locofoco press
it may not be amiss to show that the senti
ments avowed in the Cincinnati platform
which he so heartily endorses, are not the
echoes of his opinions in days gone by.
In a very eloquent address on the death of
Henry Clay, Mr. Breckenbridge said.
'Who does not remember the period when
the American system of Government was
exposed to its severest trials, and who does
not know that when history shall relate the
£trugles which preceded, and the dangers
which were averted by the Missouri Com
promise; the Tariff Compromise of 1832, and
the adjustment of 1850, the same pages will t
record the genius, the eloquence and patri- I
otism of Henry Clay."
Scarcely was the patriot Clay interred at
Ashland, before Mr. B. voted for the repeal
of the Missouri Compromise, and is now the
candipat. of the party that effected it.
TENESSEEr.-Mr. Fillmore s arrival home
was hailed at Memphis, Tenessee, with a
salute of 54 guns.-An excursion party echoed
the salute, and took a vote among the men,
which was 28 for Fillmore. and 4 for Buchan
an. The ladies were all for Fillmore. The
Memphis Eagle says :
"This is about the way the election will go
in November. Fillmore is gaining ground
every minute, and by the 4th of Novembet
next, the people will vote for him irrespec
tive of party leaders and " overseers."
Mrsovsa.- he vote of Missouri in the next
Presidential election is estimated at 110,000
The number of enrolled members of the
f American party in that State is said to be
62,000, exclusive ofsympathisers, who will
probably increase the vote for the American
candidates ten thousand. Missouri is sure
for Fillmore and Donelson and no mistake.
THE AsERICAN PRass.-It is gratifying
d to note the zeal and ability, says the Albany
a Statesman. with which the American Press
of that State enter the canvass. We suppose
there must be over fifty Americans papers
e in the State. Not one of them has deserted
.-all have the flag of Fillmore- & Donaldson
Sflying. Never before have we seen a good
cause supported more heartily. and we hope
its friends will give a warm support to their
local presses. It is the rankl and file who do
the. fightiung
The Great Demorste ul4ai
The Democrats of East Eston Ituige
lied in their might on SatuJday veving La
and as any one might have anticipated a A
consequence of the violent excitement ea.
perienced by the body politic, the most dt
tinct signs of an earthquake were observh
in the vicinity of several Denecraticpriati4g
offices. After the "faithful"' had been duly
drummed up, and "fired workd up," the
busir.ness of the evening was commenced by
calihng Mr. 31cNairy Robertson to the chair;
aplpointing Mr. l'eralta See tarand tiso
appointing a committee of fihe to draw up
re-olutionis corresponding with the semtrn
,of the meeting. After a delay of ire mim
nt!e and three quarters, the aforesad com
nittee returned with several sheetsagtreuyo
looking lulsacap, from which one of the
gentlenmen read a series of resolves tending
t, express a large amount of satifactioawit
the norinantion of Buchanan and Bretken.
ridge, and assuring the entire universe that
tIe principles of the great Democraticparty
as set down in the Cincinnati pronmoiasee
were aiagniticentiy ca!cu!ated to produ.
any amount of prosperity and happiness. Te
gentleman from the committee having nLa.
ed his role and retired, the President asked
e the assembled multitude of Americans boys,
e and De:n,,cra'.. ;:nimbering at leastone ha.
dred and fitty) how they liked the resolutio
e j Sev eral people said aye, which was dee.ds.
k highly satisfactory, and the Union was at
e once con-i.iered in a retaarkably high state
of plreservation.
i aior Herron was then called upon toad
1 dress the congregation, and having promptly
responded to the call, he immediately amied
every boriy that nearly every bodyeld was
a very enthusiastic Democrat, and thatthey
all occupied some spacious platform which
was very strong, and in no danger ofhlling.
The crowd was assured in the most emlphtic
mannerthat Buchanan and Breckenridgewee
two immense men, and a large namber oa
previous transactions were declared ratied
in the fullest sense of the term. The Old
Line Whigs were mentally patted on lt
back and told that they were excellet hboys,
and that Mr. Fillmore had some considerable
clairnm to decency in I50-his fall froa
that high estate to accepting the nomination
of the American amrty being duly wept oer,
I while his departed claims to admiration were
sung. Mr. Fillmore was then ignored as a
de.d cock in the pit.and Mr. Fremont was
brought into the arena as the only antagoniat
with whom Buchanan had to contend. The
black flag was displayed so vividly that it
east a gloom over the assemblage, but an ex
tra candle having been procured, the Ameri
can party was garroted ; the Union dissolve
several times. (in case of Fremonts election)
the early anti-slavery sentimaptsoiflBalha
decided to be the whims of eraic boyhbol;
his Squatter Sovereigntproclivities com
pletely wiped out, and
Gen. McHatton was called to the stma-d
r e tdd not intend to make apolitical rspeh,
but promised a large number betimes this
and November. and assured hki aaditosthat
his predecessor bid said everything ace
taty to be said. He intimated that the Ci,.
cinnati platform was highly satisfactory to
him. and he appeared to indulge is the plesar
t ing idea that every body elseshouldberte
Sful for its promulgation. The genatles
Scontinued for some twenty or thirty misuts,
I in an eloquent steeri-the Union was savil;
y Buchanan elected; the American party pt
a through another process of killing, and thea
Col. Marks, who immediately proceed
to be funny at the expense of Mr. Elr, w·h
Siad told some story of a ship atan Assi
meeting. The ship aforesaid, was bst
to, by a broadside of faeer, and lmviig Wi
her papers overhauled, she was cawed *
sail out of sight in some direction whee
she can never by any possibility he aMed
I from again. The Democrats west3
e originators and proprietors of the
s and every thing at all healthy in oar
tutions: Southerners were made a. 5
I the importance of wiping their speetlthe
looking out for their rights, the coeLd t
American party was dissected; it w"'i0t.
it mated that Mr. Fillmore hadanlmot.m
inee of any particular party, at any P
e time; that he probably had an inteedt
to veto the fugitive slave bill, and wal
restrained irom so doing by some very e'"
ordinary circumstances. The
d party was congratulated on its recent w
riage with Martin Van Buren ad liSd '
soil crew, and then came forw"rd'.s0
to call
toC Mr. Duncan Stuart. who imade 55
ous and pointed remarks. He wa
io by Mr. Winfree, who gave t
Whigs over. Lc by and soul, to Lsh
: after which the "spirit stirring dream ns
ear piercing fife" gave the sig.l! fo5 d
a procession. More fire-works light t
t gloom of night-there was a march
)O oise, a considerable number of verl lU
boys, and thus ended the gret
e Ratification meeting of East Balo Y'
we hich not only elected Brech5a ý5
enridge, but came near giving the I p
tiature inauguration.
__e_ .. ......4 . ----
7- The Philadelphia' ln, im ,
ig of the Straight Whigs,and a M . ;b
iy journal, has a strong article in -
as Fillmore. We quote: the d
so "One thing, at least, is ce Jl
tion of Millard Fillmore to bCae
rd tray of the Republic would he5
bleadng. He has been triend, oadh
on ized the highest exptat ions, eCv R
ad warmest friends. se ij for t1ge ,
Is-he is for PEACS Ann ALL I
LsBL..SS Gs-he is for the .o55lAr~i. .,
ir aaa Ta Laws--and liket L ae sut
I "Ba Wot.LD tSTPs SE a iciur Tss

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