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VOL. 1. NEW SERIES. WEST BATON ROUGE, SATURDAY, I)ECEMBER 13, 1856. NO. 50.
_________I- , __ _ _ ___ NO 0 TIlE SUGAR PL:NIIER, pfMLISIElE EVERY SATIURDAY MOENMLG. HENRY J. H1It AMS, Editor& Proprietor. o cee near the Court louse, WEST BAT O R 0 (U GE. ...._._ _--- TERMS of the SUGAR PLANTERZ Saberriptlen.--. a year. due invariably at the time of +ubscribng;: if tit then I st,. or wit:,inthl e,* months thereafter, fire dollars will be ch:tr.rr.: no ubscription will be taken for a les term thann six .months: no paper discoutinued until arrearage, are paid. Adr-ertlsng -.tdvertitements not e'eeo~.in r ten lins. $1 for We- tirst, and 5 cents for every -b-e qut i.ertion: th ,e of greater lentth in s"' or;;,n Ahiberal diacount to tho-e Nho aldertise by the year. Terms to Clubs.-Where a C(Ib of nut Iý," than tea names is tat. writh the cah., th, pap-: a ill l* furnished at $5t it a etch ub-.riber, an n a ar addriuu al copy to the per.ron furnishing the list. Where a Club of not less than twenty to furni-b.t with the eash. the paper- will be f rwari,|d at $ ' enai subscriber, anu tro additional cop:es for ti,, agent. Job Printilag. ch as PA'PHLoSr , BkL.OK, CARDB, BmrisS. FrX'r and other Notices. executed with neatuess and opatch. In all cases, cash on delivery. AY ER'S PILLS. POR ALL TEE PURPOSES OF A FAMILY PHYSIC. T Rea has long existed a public demand for an effee've purgative pill which could be relied 0 as sure and perfectly safe in its operation. This has been prepared to meet that demand, and an ex ten lire trial of its virtues has conclusively shown with what success it accomplishes the purpose designed. It is easy to make a physical pill, but not easy to make the best of all pills-one which should have none of the objections, but all the advantages, of every other. this has been attempted here, and with what success we would respectfully submit to the public decision. It has been unfortunate for the patient hitherto that almost every purgative medicine is acrimonious and irritating to the bow els. This is not. Many of them prodce so much griping pain and revulsion in the system as to more than counterbalanee the good to be derived from them. These pills produce no irritation or pain, unless it arise from a previously existing obstrue tiou or derangement in the bowels. Being purely vegetable, no harm can arise from their use in an, quantity; but it is better that any medicine should be taken judiciously. Minute directions for their use in the several diseases to which they are ap plicable are given on the box. Among the com plaints which have been speedily cured hby them, we may mention Liver Complaint, in its various forms of Jaundice, Indigestion, l.nguor and Loss of Ap petite, Listlessness, Irritability, Bilious Headache, Bilious Fever, Fever and Ague, Pain in the Side and Loins; for, in truth, all these are but the con sequence of diseased action in the liver. As an aperient they afford prompt and sure relief in Cos tiveness, Piles, Colic, Dysentery, Tl-umors. Scrofula and Scurvy, Colds with soreness oa the body, Ulcers and impurity of the blood, Irregularities; in short, any and every case where a purgative is required. They have also produced some singularly suc cessful cures in Rheumatism. Gout, Dropsy. Gravel, Erysiplas, Palpitation of the Heart, Pains in the Back, Stomach, and Side. They should be freely taken in the spring of the year, to purify the ilood and prepare the system for the change of seasons. An occasional dose stimulates the stomach and bowels into healthy action, and restores the appe tite and vigor. They purify the blood, and, by their stimulant action on the circulatory system, reno vate the strength of the body, and restore the wasted or diseased energies of the whole organism. Hence an occasional dose is advantageous, even though no serious derangement exists; but un necessary dosing should never be carried too far, as every purgative medicine reduces the strength, when taken to excess. The thousand cases in which a physic is required cannot be enumerated here, but they suggest themselves to the reason of every body; and it is confidently believed this pill will answer a better purpose than any thing which has hitherto been available to mankind. When their virtues are once known, the public will no longer doubt what remedy to employ when in need of a cathartic medicine. Being sugar-wrapped, they are pleasant to take, and being purely vegetable, no arm can arise from their use in any quantity. For minute directions, see wrapper on the Box. PREPARED BY DR. JAMES C. AYER, Practical iand Analytical Clemnil, LOWELL, MASS. Pries s Cents per Box. Five Boxes for SL AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL, For the rapid Cure of COUGHS, COLDS, HOARSENESS, RONCHITIS, WHOOPING-COUJHM CROJUP, ASTHMA, AND CONSUMIITION. THrs remedy has won for itself such notoriety fron its cures of every variety of pulmonary disease, that it is entirely unnecessary to recount the evi dences of its virtues in any community where it has been employed. So wide is the field of its use fiulness, and so numerous the cases of its cures, that almost every section of the country abounds in persons publicly known, who have been restored from alarming and even desperate diseases of the lungs by its use. When once tried its superiority over every other medicine of its kind is too appa rent to escape observation, and where its virtues are known, the public no longer hesitate what antidote to employ for the distressing and dangerous affec tions of the pulmonary organs which are incident to our climate. Not only in formidable attacks upon the lungs, but .for the milder varieties of COLDS, COUGHos, HO~~lRNEss, &c.; and for CHIL taat it is theepleasantest and safest medicine that can be obtained. As it has long been in constant use throughout this section, we need not do more than assure the people its quality is kept up to the best that it ever Le i e aid that the genuine article is sold' by H. T. WADDILL, J. L. VIALET, SWM. BOGEL. ,Baton a ous, U . Sd.'tS~ti'\ l : 1 41 tJt)t ilbE Proitctlurt4dii di ui do 'l:: .dr it pttie t.~ ;. X o~iugt*. ti'ttiirnt..,ttrni a 1'a it ruttulit. lo Jlur de 1't ;". 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' 1.. 1Kta-e Q u ,t;-e twat e -; canto L tr Ilit ' I ttcit I ,it- a",to , ttctttu- i-a ~tiri- t i i :ttttu t. u$e) de Va 17.da tt -ttra :ot 1oVru,,it :itia.rt grilt--.p-W\ . .~t""rpu le :p olt A ir J.lt i ut d u.Uc-it I - et [ic-cc-.. 1~ 1,, u.-"attic-ut .. atnutriltIumd at~ It it !' it 1 .il::in f "t o tt- a}"pt~in' p Cbef de Pat-) i ii I lit. rr1 -1 I- it l~o1-or rf dit (;tnite de Vtittt Le I)m:( dr } . . tt t i " r : t i p"rt tju i! tII' I`xa~in er Ye~ at", n plot - i - -:litt t-c- it. Itt-i -t~tt-ti . J, -it- ti tI Prot~ia-.t t e rct~t leiiti-n d ! -uceltt-cttt t .l- Ill J a .-,:n-. anr t tt ti * lttI.ttt .: i-l u ..- $J art h H- \jli--gatt. tnt1~·1-* rr1(!1,1. A.. utit I. Catii .... l i. d. -t. i-. 't1 C. totu..6 (In - ^tr I'11u e-.I it:ir ,ai. I. ...... . . .ji Tpý I W ,(- "n i h t t . c h e . t -.. I. it . r ,fit ( T -ut t 4n i, r ll r 1 \\iott tat. c d he p oeni, ,trout I~t-it a-f-tc-ira p tt.".t"tt Lti 1.IA:.ti,. t Lttdui .o.a 1 blitk1 t :ihni h iat t'iantt-r ] t r .ttF. W ttilli. litltnttilus thirn t fairte iat' tud i}I tat S parount of lb.i I it-i . i Twa-le tho- 4tt otr2v IS m "rtigs, u 'io ua t . 1 ".", e::,,. r 1.t 1 `5t-.t :., :t 1.1 el ztr t~ iu-t !!ii t- '.1 :~t tue i~ 'w-- ,,"t itf 1. bent. .tames R. P-111, Wn . \t- i " -w non, \-- 1 It : tii J. t R-iliaot. T.t nt Thineiii·c-nt. 3. Ial:!rr was app. il f e I Pe.idecnt prrtc tm. d I'Li, 111,11 0- , f~ the preeinn* res.;inn wrrzti~n t r'>"! 0 ~111.1 apjrrot t . prat ~ide~i. they t,,. " o uutruii. ,1 A. t"" ii it a'rt tittcrrin ti, t i+tirnate of the Pi'rri L IE*e.. t1, li t!"" e i !· 11I1 1·ontlull · et- appollinte for tha~t pitrpt:re. ou :~ t. "t!: " tr,"b "- L'xt t 1054', an3t as publislhed in the th h g i ii'linttr. e The tollowinq wag then offe~red anti passed: ,e Itvolvt. that wilcrim, it,, rit -art of the .omm. appotnpted to male· an xpproxtnate l· dituate of LtpariaE tasea for the year 1R.~. 1124 been pbi SWor than thirty d-- laCCrti t- to Ltuit- h -C . amount of t-it ireport iz: Twelve th\ttnuI F r hnl,'.,erl till . ut":-ei^_lta Ihc-lrrb . M" t- 'srz~t for p d t. pu!: lr l.,""; i 6;:i ti:' ar 1857 tr .""r lint to said R- ,-or! ,.t ~ f tilt, Pit 'tar 1'~'~n:tn' . "e.· T' r ;'it-: ?rr· ( i'r iinmir' ·· n art ti·:ri't 1,a r·~ 11 r -llin::.r:1"i gloat.·J·ll~l i- !.. 1'. ar :.. t;_'"l;. :t · y }1:toU.' ti .. 4; . - · ," Ie:\.cii·. ~ uriri ..i "r = ."-....... 5·- · -~'~r y+.. t11r1 t Iirnulilll Csp,>u-e; of iliial..... · j j " \ W rr. 11. ~t'- Ir (1 ? In mi- ilo t i, mrt' "" g'f " \Vt , te h t h *li,,.-, ":,u, o 'e tcri!, a 1pirs, whoi prttels to be v.ir brave, and mnakes a parale in ordier t, -how his couralge they say tha;t --he is t i nit: " ,o a h 's heal with a ,1ttlte. :tx'." A coward who boats of his ou, ,.age they call a paper tige r." 'JThev ,rotjl,Iare a person who pretendt to he" iw lat he is not, to a fox who tries to look as notle and strong as a tiger If a per son. is igio ant of books, they- will ·sav. "Turn liim up-ide down., but not a dr.Ip of ink will collie ,out of hlimn." ONE IICNi)RED AND L:FY MtIL.S AN IIoua.-A locomotive, weighing aix;y tons, with ten feet driving wheels, and: capable of attaining a speed of one hun dred and fifty miles per hour, has beeni exhibited in France. Its centre of grav itv is placed so tow as to render it sat.er thian ordinary engines at the usual speed, so far as getting off the track is con cerned. tjf "Anl old lady entirely out of hear ing of the preacher's v,,ice at a camp meeting, being found sobbing. was asked A hy she wept, since she could not hear the words of the minister. "Oh," said she, "I can see tlle holy wag of his hea'd,' TuE GOOD OF ILL Fo'raTSE.-Franklin used to say. to be thrown upon one's resources is to be cast in the very lap of fortune; for our faculties then undergo, a development and display of energy of which they were p eviously unsuscepti ble. >EIImIND THIE Music.-The Sea Si e (Miss.) Democrat continues to publish the Cincinnati platform. Wonder if the Democrat knows the election is over; or, in its simplicity, perhaps, it imagines that the President elect will make it the rule of his administation. The Fashionable Young Lady. She sits in the lighted parlor, And waits for the tardy beaux; She plays with her little fingers, And trots with her little toes; She calls for her Sr.aish poodle, She ca!s for her Clhii.a fan: She k;s.es the lo~g-eared pulpy, And wisl;e- it was a man. ller mother stays in the kitchlen, Dlreed in her coarse attire, She'a freezing over the ices, And roa-t inog over the lire; She s makini' sonic iace cnf.tections, Some deliate kind of a treat, Of cream and vario:.s jellies. For her daughter's beaux to eat. The Woman that Wanted Just to Peep into that Private Closet. The Lodge of I.0. . F.. at W ....- - town, , determined to have thjlir 1..i, row, done up clean aryl nicet., l i" was resolved unaninonouiv that Mrs. IK shtlulil be emoloved t,, do tI he j b. A fter the meet i: , a tj"o rn ..I tlh. guardian, who krisw the inqiluiiiv. character ,f Mrs. K . prou ur.,i ,:;I% coat and pl'ltd hin in a cl. -t at %. k,-pt as r,.'.erv, ir tor thi s1ecr.'t Hl... lie theni ifiilnit'l the ladv f t"he i i of the Ldxlge, and reuited her to cin,. early next tuorninhr, as hws iwuld theIr. Ih at Ieislro, te show her what was anmi wiat wa- nit to be done. Mrnirt ca..lw. aid with it Iamtitn' K.. wi h r1 ic Iruiot , bruslhs. pai tiuh, &,., pr, ar.d a id ;irm .,d for the j.,!,, tin :,u ! l ti. U:rhailn ii ng trfit her. "N ,, i mudi n,.' .:ii hie. "I will tel, you n hat we wani t d1,i:oi, nil hoir we - came to) emIp o,, you. Tu.. b,r,:,r.e f ,ill it eras dhitiiult to "et awiv Ih, tI d1 the jo ,,, ant, llit hl l" hi'1nh iiti St , ee,, .ts i;n tl:h i l i ie lh , .to ; t e h:ti v . hu.t the key. aril c nu ,t lia i i: t", ,., k the ioor. I a--urel thieu th:tt yu cou:i Ie idepethled otn." SDeended ot n u'" sail sle, ' I ,- ".-" i can. My poo.r deal ao no . hoUs!,v !. I wl.o belonged to the FIee M .. .ins, 1 Anti Masons. I dun't knuw whiinh, n'i to t-ill me all the secrets ,f ;t! e .' i.;i " u.1, when hte sholoel th a.! t. ,itks lti- ri !i i m ad ' ' t It w : t, na:i i:,. , rll t..id ,n, how II;. \ fit ,.l l" r 1 re _ I. , t 'er to i in i ui . " i troue. t i'1 ""1,11 i ." : 1r cret1 till 1 do.1 , ." - s,.." :.i! the guatrdi·ja , , f h ; ', t ',h a t 1, 1 1 t i, , " :; t ' t - I , " , " I - . . '. I - than .h ex a i':, -le "I I " " hi.er', I'll wi : Ilp. 1p, ' !. .'- , i . l ist . -r .an w ie n-ý,e ,s,. j -t ',:k,. i.""' ri- hf ,l -, ,,"lls t;,r all Ihl,- %." ',,' l, I'll he I,,,ul1. t I \,Il just tr k," a j,'e a o . l ;m l Tn ib,,,lv wilt gui t; ke ape p ad tii:' %iia f" :I ui er, ax. 1I cat kel .p it to n.- , i-te, t rLt I :l i ridd n li i li c wel, st- I tIlr eld thilet,- ,l-- tio I(hi'h w Ja lno .(,ot ier gone, than hah' went itl,, billy .,ot, with s i n.si g, to r't in Iit ibe-lt', whi.h I ,a1ne n-n 1 p. et11tint her Lud'- hitl. B iothi Istarted for the ioor, blt it was filled alt w;re we pt clear from their pi.iitolnl I lown to the bottom of the stairs. Thie noi--e and cinfu-ion oc asioned by i iuch nllceremlOiOs coinyl dotn stairs, I drew hailf the to.wn to witness cirs. K.'sI el ert h to get from under the pile of pails, tubs, brooms and brtushes into the street. Who shoull tie the first on the spi but the rascally door keeper, whit, ater releasing the iiu t, which was a cripmli c for life., and upllifting the rubbish that I bound the good womtian to the earth, I atL'ioulSly inquired if she had been tak itn~ tie degrees.I Taking the degrees !" exclaimed the lady-"If yot call tumlining frmn thlie top to the bottom of tIhe sairls, with the devil alter v l, t:king tl.hin. s Ib deilttries, I have thctn, :a d if ytu frighten folks as you have rme. and hurt tiemt to boot, I'1t warrant they'll make as much noie as I did." "I hope you did niot. ,pen the closet. Madame," sail the dioir-k,-eper. "Open tle cliset ? Eve ate the aptile she was ftrblidsln ! If you want a we man to do anttytlhini, tell her not to dI it. and sihe'll duo it certain. I could n t stand the temptation. The secret wae there. I wanted to know it. I opened the door, and out popped the tarnat crit ter right into my face. I thought the (ldevil had me, and I broke for the stairs. t with the devil butting me at every jump -I fell over the tub and got down the staiA as you found us all in a heap." "But. madamn," said the door keeper, i you are inl p}osse.sion of the great so cret of the O(r ler, and mnust go uip and he initiated, sworn and then go in, the usular way." "Re if ar b-y!" excliimed the lady,. "and do you suppose I alt gtingi neat the tarnal place again, and ride that ar critter without a bridle or lady's saddle . No,, never! I do.ln't want anything to do with the nun that rides it. I'd look ti'e ti-rchl.el oil a blily gat-wouldn't I ? No, ,,ver' I'll nrv,.r go nigh it again, nir vt ur hall inl(er-if I canl pIt sit i, noi l It ly shall evet- joi' the ' tj ! "i .ll. Why. I'd iton,.r e ll Free 1:,,l . and be ,rd el ont a rItgrlitit'n a tll,,. a" fir cul t be k 'pt uI oder it, antI iul 1 r nt r t.i o tlltt ir wtthi a lay." ,,r. , , t l; ,r " ,, ,-..,h,,s al l slil, I, I .l. "i : as. : . Ii ....r ,l,'ad h51 l nl,: ,1 w a.s: h." 1!,- t , v,.r it. butt I n.,_ r c ull live S.uciI a'II : -I.r rit!C as I o,,ok to day." Singular Theory of the Mississippi Raver. T li Me "is- . r:ver is to gireatest s,!r,;n0II ail thi, w1', i'li. Is tOtal lrntl. h le 4 u()(1 ini,,.... (O , hkirn over a v,,l ;:,:uni,,t . ,t toLt ,ir,,: l D :ri cto tv." w,. fi ,l t! o,.) ,, ,, :. i. ..t un tlive arti' -le (,)1 . ~, :--r it ie waters oI the Mi.si-sit, al .,i,:P -, It, i itlA ' ,in lZreet of certiaiity, :h. a- ; tti,, , tilt' I ...l. iin an2 V jivent 1t.;tr. In sio e -1:1u5 ti. ile hater., ,t, utt rise abtlove their liattls i : in ,t hrs. the entire lower vallhy oft le Ml->;-ilpi ;, -ubniered. E£imb.itkliintiti cat i-., toy 1 t " l ,.len rl i. t - tt'fril lithe to ten f,1et .t.!i, on ttl ira'sk oe 01 the .ltlreall. xtending i np-h n i,., above anl blowt Netw Orleans. it thit lleaiins the riv'r a -.strai,,, wtithii it- pi',tler limit., ex S'I, ;it t "he , tr a iest freshet-.i w ient the mi tss s ,!neitiilns break over everythin_. i , ,niler ,11 i !0". r'" !ii;'. The average jt. i-tl,t ,.f Ii,. f , fn ) til. I e ,l-ta to the ', ,i, ,tr tIh Alis',an i i- above sixt. en . A t Ili,, t , !" t le atter liver is !t 1t. tt, i . rt,-. }t .:,iw the entralnce otf i -t 1i: , ni!%.r uht. ri-" is often fifty-tive A' N c,'! ,,x I' '.M.,,n exceeds thirty I ,, ;l , ,i "11 N '1t: t,(', ";t .;, n, ajb, t t:1-ºrey it' : etl. L1 ,.t t^,' 1; ith the watter? It i J Ikno,,i l th e 1:1ý d ll; i..n betlween hi' h1 %4ii,0 1 It ih . ilinr. (1 ; it l it j l A' ttl ii I1 ah .I lw iL;:,r mtrk. asI high uI l) , I i \W hie r.:1 e", -- , ., t thirty ,-ix . t-et, ~n 1,7 tI'. ctlrr. on t A h r!i .ater l-11. rnit's, i ar' s- ven w'-I per hiur, al!l ,ap, ite tI t., N-.w O:',.al, the ,iItrenie bIttween ( and low water mark i., only twelve .2 !. nod the current little over three n:; . t, tthe hour. The width and depth I ..i '.. "r s. " b..: th,' same, from which S, .: thaI t ; .nrly six. times as t iu . .r j ...L. j Ie ii uth of . bite a ,Vt, r :-'",}'" Nw 1)rl.;us. W hat gl,,oes t' a'ch the exc.,-- ? T ei+ o.llly s. ilu i' tt ie erl' i ri . i.s t n !! t ith e-cr i s" by til ha I' u l';;,.te, i ib-', L t.rlche ,nd i l . r- t Vil". Im wL; w, t w n c ,eh" at,, :he whi th, dt'i h anidl an i-nt. of theI , bal,:yl , I - t:.y dri va-t euhort of ail:erd it, a-ulfi i:et t .:sapt-d t. The truie expilanaton cin, we think, ie giveon. t At low w.iter, throughout the whole extent, we see a landl strutctutre exposed, t nniderlyitr the litk. or th t that te allu vial si ucture " tcii lteh the plantations are, is a -' t1ure of deposit, madle by e the rivt)r ,rvei its lhw )twater mark, I which, ,oplsit to the mi'thi of White I river, is thirty ti.t thick. As you de-' Stee, the rives diminishes in volume as I the difference bl-tween high and low Patelr mark diiiis:isheis ano nearly col rerpionds to it, .nd wherever the bottom n is tiexposed i it shows thritughotut the I whole extent that the bi ttomtl is itre coarse send ;.exhibiting at .m:tny Iplaces i lhe octan shionile, through: the superiin posed alluvial structure niixed with fine snd. The water percohltes with such ftcility and rapidity that the water in a ,eil dii at a considerable distance fromt thel river bank rises and falls with rioe Sand fall of the river, not varying an inch i Sid throuili the coarse sand and slhingles Sof the bottom, it passes as rapidly through a coieiinon sieve. By the accurate surveys of several scientifie engineers, it is ascertained that thie fall of the Mississippi river is ftour inches to the mile. The ditance from Natchez io New Orleans of three hun diedl miles will give twelve hundred incithes, or one hundred feet. The depth of the river is less than fifty feet at high water mark. The river d.-bouches into the ocean from a promontory made by itself. The surface if the ocean, by measurement. below the bottom of the Sriver, above New Orleans, corresponds with the low water mark below New Orleans, therefore the M .sissippi river is pouring through its ows bottom intol the ocean, the superimposed weight giv in, lateral pressure to hurry the subter. I ranean current. If the reader has ever i stoOd] upon a Mississippi sand bar in a hard rain, or seen water pouredl from a bucket on the sand bah, hle has seen that tneither can be done in sufficient quanti r tv to produce any current or accumula I lion on the -surface. The river is, there fire, from t1 imne it comes below the linestoneltrati of Missouri and Ken- 1 tucky, wasting itself through its own t t bottomn. If the Mlis.issippi river had to pursue its course, like the Ohio, ra erocky..i strata, walled in l;v rick and imnpe e:av banks, the hi6!, water mark at Ne Orleans woihl reach onle hundred feet alive its present limits; but running over coarse sand, walled iln by a depos it made of saMI. anicient deIlvial detri tis and vegetable ionund,i no more water reaches the ocean thathe ex(ess over c the amount that jipermeiates the surround a inir structure and passes off in the pro- c c-ess of percolation or transperat;on in a t sllhterrani-an de.scent to the ocean. The I river, without any other restraint from a rock or clay in the Iottom or bank, is ii lets ftree t ti t,e ,,vernment of no other t law thaln the law of hydrostatics. The i washinr ,or wasting of the banks cannot t hte Iprevente,l thliugh the caving or slid- t i,,g ,f large portions at one time may be ft e;aýilyv g'marided against. n Sugar growing in the North. Many iof the Northern journals come t to is with lot.g slpeculations on the pos slbilitv of priucin~ sugar at the North, i ,from a huI.ly cane that has been cultiva- tl ted with some succ:-.s during the sum limer in several experimen'al atrempts., The Philadelphia Journal annonunces that it has received a specimen of the b stalk, and a quantity of the seed of a . sugar cane, which was grown at Pitts- I ,rove, Salem county, New Jersey. The a tiane is of the China species. a'd was n raised from seed prcurrted b" Com. Per- ti rv when ablroad on the Japan expedi- ji tion. The Journal says: The soil used in this experiment was C of a light, sandy character, and the paintting ir as done in May last. We tin- si der-tand that this and siijilar attempts a ti ciu:tivate this. particultir cane in New ti Jersey, h;tve lien lihigh!y succes.sful so it iuch so, ii ld.-l., a- to encio>urage a be s lif aitng intelli.ent piractical men, p th:it the cinure maity ie carried on in d rl., ut of the Middle States to a ugre'at ex- s ilint, and with ai considerab!e profit. o One person in New Jersey, fromn stalk:Is ,ro xn., on a sm.all patch of grounid. n made seventy five ira'lons of tgooid moe- b las.es. equal to the best New Orleans. V While we are not disposed to doubt t; the success of the projected sugar culture g the success o0 tie projeuL.c suga~ LuI..ur at the .North, on conjectural or theoreti cal grounds, we do not infer from one or two l,,cal experinents, however auspici ,,usv they may haie been conducted. th'l the iroiuction of sug'tr there can ever be intrlunced lractlc:aliy on a large scale. as ne of the industrial pursuits of that re:-ion. All the remarks that we have seen in the Northern I,:aers base thle chef difficulty whlich has stood in the way if this branch of agriculture at the N orth, upon the liaility of thl su gar cane to be injured by frosts, and the want of a sufficiently warm sun long en-nigh to bring the cane to maturity. It is now sulposed that this obstacle may be avoidued by the hardiness of the China variety, which is said to be pecu liarly insensesible to some of the influ ences which ilijure or destroy the more susceptible varieties of the plant. But in every description of this new variety that we have vet seen, we do not find it stated that it will resist any high degree of cold. The Chincha cane was received into the Botanic Gar.dens of Calcutta, in 1796 direct from China ; having been special s ly ordered by the Bengal government, at the suggestion of Dr. Roxburg. who considered it a new species, and namea a it Sacchbornm Sinense, or Chinese sugar s cane. That gentleman, in a descrirition of it, written in 1799, says: "It has beel: cultivated with the utmost success; I many hundred thousands have been dis t triluted over the country amongst the r cultivators of that article." Another ai good authority, Dr. Riyle, if his interest Sing work on the resources dfIndia, thus I speaks of the China cane: "It possess ha the advantage of being so haId and solid h as to resist the forceps of the white ants, o and the teeth of the jackel-two great y enemies to the East India sugar planta y tions." He adds that the cane bears i drought nuch better than the sorts in Is general cultivation, producing, moreover, w a profitable crop, even to the third year, 'r while the co'nmon cane of India must to1 be auuually renewe 1. A report of Mr. Jouchet, the British commercial resident of Radnagore, and also one of Mr. t. Garden, superinten dent ,f the East India Company's su gar farm at MJirzapor'e Cuhia, state that this cane resists the attacks of the white ant and jackel, so destructive to the cane fields of India, and add that it yields about double the produce of the com mon Bengal cane. The experience of both these gentlemen was acquired in a tropical country, and therefore has no bearing upon the liability of the caneto injury by frosts. The following remarks in relation to it, are said to be from the pen of an experienced sugar planter, 'ments with Chinese cane were uc n India. In its nature, m al ely hard and prolific; for during the' jltot season it remained uninjured in every respect, whilst the others were all either burnt up, or eaten out of the ground by the white ants. As the rains came on the China cane sprang up wonderfully, many roots having no less than thirty shoots; which by September, had become fine canes, about twelve feet in height, three inches in circumference and with joits from six to eight inches apart. These were cut in October, and planted out; yet al though we had a tolerably severe winter, the cold appeared to have little or no ef fect in checking their groth; whereas native canes planted at the same time, were entirely kept back. Another gentleman in Bengal, says: As you advised, I wrote to the Socie ty for five hundred canes, which arrived quite fresh. I then cut them up, allow. iug one joint to each piece, and planting them in lines four feet assunder each way, delivered them up to the same chances as my Otaheite and native canes were exposed to, The result has been beyond my utmost hopes; and, too, this, after a seascn of unusual severity, which has grievously affected my native cane; and as to my Otaheite, what with the not winds, the white ants, the long con tinued wet weather, and the detestable jackels, I saved but a very few; whilst nothing seemed to affect or injure the China cane. What might be deemed a "tolerably severe winter" in India, would not prob ably be entitled to the same classifica tion in New Jersey; and the fact stated in the begiiining of this article that the summer grown canes in that State had produced several "gallons of ~nolasses," does not prove at all that the same cane would have produced sugar. It is one of the effects of an unusaily cold season upon sugar cane that its yield will make molasses but will not produce crystaliza ble sugar. This result will be attained, we believe, if an effort is made to crys talize the juice of the short summer grown canes of New Jersey. But there is another difficulty in the way of sugar producing at the North, which the Northern journals do not seem to take into account, wbhei they calculate that sugar can be raised there. . The process of sugaar-raking is dual in its form and cha~iirg to an extent that is not found in any other of the great industrial interests. In its form it is ag ricultural, comprising all the labors of planting, cultivating and harvesting the cane; its second form is one of high mechanical and scientific attainments, and comprises all the labors of express ing the juice from the cane, its purifica tion from feculent and other matter, and the crystalization and purgation of the * sugar by some of the niest and most exact chemical operations that are known to the arts. It is one of the requisites of the man ufacturer that the scientific processes t shall be carr:ed on at the moment and on the spot of harvesting. The improve ments that have been introduced of late years in the scientific processes render the cost of the requisite machinery for the purpose of a peculiar feature in the , presentsystem of sugar culture. A com i plete Derasne apparatus, and we believe i of several other systems, cost at least, if r not more, than one hundred thousand n dollars. This great expenditure for the s necessary machinery requires a greater breadth of land in cane, a greater amount of capital, and a much larger number e of merely laboring handsTor the profit r able production of sugar, than would - seem to be attainable under the minute a division of land, and numerous sma'l a proprietorships, existing in the social d organization of the Northern commnuni s, ties. - ANOTHER PRESIDEgTIAL TrCKRT. rs The American party of Trenton, New ,n Jersey, held a meeting on Friday last, r, and nominatedle for the Presidency. in r, 1860, Commodore Robert F. Stockton t and for the Vice Presidency Hon. John M. Botts.