Newspaper Page Text
Communications intended for this paper should 1.
directed to BATON ROUGE. Nor Wert Baton Rouge. Our Exchanges will confer a favor upon us by directing as above. s Any of our Baton Rouge friends having com muanieatnns, ke., for the SroA5 I'usraN, by leaving them with Mr. Richard Markham. .o boand the Ferryt-oat, Ssany South, w:ll b- promptly received and attended to. A* Our Baton Rouge patrons must send over t Itir advertisements on or before Thursday, to secure their insertion the som* week. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY It. lrin) Q Capt. H. W. A r.Ln will please accept our thanks for public documents.. 97 Police Jury proceedings on fourth page. Mr. BirarnIs BarAN, one of the .ld est citizens of Baton Rouge, died o n Tuesday last, aged 78 years. He had been a resident of that city for fifty-two years. aj The " Pompanoopens"-whoever they are-will find a notice from their "Grand Rooster" on third page" What next, we wonder ! SOUTraRN MrrTTrAL INSURANCE COMPANY. This home institution publishes in another column, its statement for the past year. It will be seen that the nett earned profits for the year ending February 1st, 1F66, are t $40,409 68. No better evidence of the man agement of the Company need be desired. A Nxw BEvvRAGE.-Smos, whose " shin gle" is a Rainbow on high to the thirsty, has been presented with a recipe by a distin guished politician of the State for the making d of a beverage which'uirpasses all other con- c coctions yet invented. Call and try one be sure and ask for one of tbe new drinks the Otherwise Cocktails!-if it don't cock your tail, or otherwise, we are greatly mista ken. V BRANDY AND WATER sY DEGaEEs.-Bran- 'I dy and water. Branwater. Bramwater. 1 Bramwarra. Bramwar. Brem , Bamwr wrr.rr. Berr-eughph !-Saug . Web'e seen our cont. ry in inl the degres-not exceptin t. His descrip- I lonis vivid.-.dd tl s sa u sure to meet the sr ,hytutor, whose les- tl sons it has ever been our pride to commit ki faithfully to memory, and to practice. VALUALRt LAND AND NEGROEs.-One of the finest plantations in our parish will be offered for sale at public auction on the 16th inst. It belongs to the Succession of Joa chim Daigle, and is cultivated as a sugar farm. The negroes, land, stock, and build ings will be sold on terms to suit purchasers. Those desirous of engaging in that lucrative branch of egriculture will find this a splendid opportunity. For particulars see advertise ments on first page. Hoasa SENsE.-A crusty old curmudgeon who talks straight out seems to think the following plan the best to settle our section al difRculties: If the North should undertake to impose on our rights, let us, instead of running and howling disunion! disunion!! to scare our opponents, let us shoulder our muskets, and, if it need be, give them a Union-flogging. CONSISTENCY.--The New Orleans Crescent rather applauds the conversion of Hon. MILES TArLoa to Douglasism, and seems to think that be has got on the proper track at last. We may be in error in regard to the political position, if it really has any-but it somewhat faintly occurs to us that the Crescent of 1856, and the Crescent of 1860 are travelling in dif ferent directions. If we mistake not in 185i6 the Crescent was a sound, national, conserva tive American journal, supporting MILLARD FPILLxOna for the Presidency, and almost daily launching its thunderbolts at STEPHEN A. DoUGLAs and his iniquitous Kansas-Ne braska bill. Now it is entirely useless for us to go into the details of the issues upon which the campaign of that year was carried out, but every body knows that the most obnox ious feature to the South in the whole can vass was the Squatter Sovereign feature of that bill. Upon the double meaning of that bill, Mr. BUCHANAn was elected; but since then he has seen proper to somewhat modify his views upon the question of Territorial Sovereignty. He, and all his Administration adherents have, rather come to their sen sts and are n( w taking virtually the same view of and the same position upon the mat ter that the Crescent-as well as all Ameri can papers in the State-did in 1856. Now here is a strange summersault I The Admin istration Democrats have turned Know Noth ings, while th Crescent newspaper with hun dreds of K. N's at its heels, have turned De mocrats-that is, they have swallowed each other's doctrines; and we have no doubt, that DorU.LAS' vote in the South will be equal to that of any other candidate. But to come f.ack to our mutton. Are we to con sider the Crescent, hereafter an exponent of Douglasism ! Is that once strong conserva tive journal about to endorse and support the man who of all others at the present time we should repudiate' Yet such appears to be the case, judging from the ripples upon the surface which are but indications of the cur rent below. Ma. SPIEAKER PENINOToN.-The Wash. ington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun, loi.," says that during the discussions preli. minary to the final election of Speaker, a point was made which is of great interest to the I country, to wit: That Mr. Pennington is in favor of the fugitive slave law as it is. This was admitted by the Republicans, and thus they have been driven from one of their here sia. THE NEW DODGE. When it was suggested some time since by a 1, several Democratic papers. that inasmuch as ige. there was no organized opposition to the by Democratic party in the So.'th, and that in consequence there would be bu1t little oppo >m sition to the nominee of the Charleston Con 1" vention, that all persons be admitted into the Democratic primary meetings for the purpose of selecting delegates to the State Conven tr tion, we unhesilatirglv declared our objec. etr tions to such a move. Since that time. we have seen nothing to induce us to change or even modify the sentiments we then express ed. On the contrary, we are now more than ever convinced that we pursued the proper and only correct course in requesting our po litical friends to abstain from any affiliation th with the Democracy for such a purpose. We are sustained in this course by not only the leading Democratic journals, but by others whose whole life's career has been in oppo sitahn to that party. It is not neressary here to reiterate those reasons or the reasons of .those who saw proper to coincide with us. y A document which has been pretty gen d erally circulated and commented upon, e signed by several Democratic members of the Legislature, and a few Democratic pri vate citizens, recommending " the people of the different parishes, irrespective of former r political.differences, to meet together in cor dial determination to support the nominee of r the Charleston Convention, and to appoint C their delegates to meet,hrt.e Democratic State Con-ention for the piie of appoint. ing delegates to represent Louisiana in the Charleston Convention," inclines us to the belief that atrap of some sort is being skill. I -fully arranged to ensnare the unwary. This ? document, is signed exclusively by Demo crata opoosed to Mr. SLIDELL., and who are generally known in political parlance as r "bob tails." No old Line Whig or American figures upon its face. Why this sympathy and proffered fraternization all at once?- I Why do no Old Line Democrats sign the c call for this "love feast" of all persons "irre spective of former political preferences !':- 1 Is it to secure "aid and comfort" to the ranks t of ttoe who airtually overboard from a tthei` party; or, is it to lay the n for diewdgt:the vote of the State for S'rTPHEN A. DOUGLAS? Things t squint most terribly that way. Several of o the most promineit of these signers are well known to indulge largely in admiration of the o " Squatter King's" soundness upon Southern tt Rights-men who have raised their voices ti and shouted until they were almost frantic over Gov. WALKER's damnable heresy in 1857-and who were loud-.ronthed in their dI abu es of President BUCHANAN because he s did not immediately remove the man who N jeoparded Southern Rights in his Inaugural to Address. A very sudden change has come d over the spirit of their dreams. They show i favor and give encouragement to the very it man ofall others, the South does rot and can- C. not look to for the maintainance of her rights St in the common territories of the United States. Consistency thou art indeed a jewel !I o As a memberof the American party which of fought rgainst the Squatter Sovereign pro. I clivities of Mr. DOnOLAs in 1856, we myst hold ourselves aloof from any affiliation in part or in whole with those who directly or indirectly give countenance to that gentle man's aspirations to the Presidency. As sad as are the fortunes of the Opposition party just now, they will be ten times more grief. stricken when they lay themselves under obligations to this modern " Trojan Horse." Have we no nobler hope or higher destiny than to play the go-between of Democratic factions ? Are we to disband for the tempo rary and delusive privilege of voting for the Charleston nominee? We had rather obey honor than hunger in selling out our organi zation for such a suspicious and at best but a paltry mess of pottage. Suppose we do sup press these considerations of honor and prin ciple, and being being allowed by a majority to do so-participate inl the Democratic Con vention, in what plight would we be should DoUnoLs get the nomination-arad we can didly believe this to be the chief object of the originators of the card-we who have de nounced DOUGLAs ever since that little dem agogue began his career of Free-soilism Squatter Sovereignty? Let us stand aloof from these entanglements, and when the Presidential battle comes on, we a ill fight the enemy upon our "own hook," though under a Democratic banner. THE CLAT MoyUxrrsr -The principal fea ture among the improvements now going on in Canal street is the formation of a circle at the junction of Canal, Royal and St. Charles streets, in the centre of which is to be placed the statue of Henry Clay. It has never been known exactly where the statue would be erected, and when the contractors commenced clearing out the space in the centre of the stre-t last week, there was quite a crowd around, exhibiting considerable interestin the work. St. Charles street, instead of going straight down inut Royal, will diverge upon each side of the cir cle described. The statue of Clay, which is now in the city, in the hands of the Clay Monumental Committee, will be erected on 4 the 12th of April next, his birthday.-N. 0. Ddta. THE "CRIsIS."-We presume that the de mand fot Helper's book must have seriously diminished among the faithful from the efforts made to circulate it among outsiders, who have no sympathy with its sentiments. We heard of an agent passing through a crowded train the other day, ur ing it on the passengers, and finding no sale; and yester day another agenBffered it to a gentleman at one of ouu, public houses, who very uncer emoniously flung it at his head. Such em phaptic replies speak volumns against the general dissemination of this particular one. -Boston Courier. " Why is a married man like a can die ! Because he sometimes goes out of night when he ought not to. HON. MILES TAYLOR. by The lion. Mr.ars TAY.oR, Cong-essman as from the Second District of this State has he gone over to the enemy--or, in plainer Ian In guage. has declared his preference for S. A. ,. Dorcvrs. as the nhminee of the Charleston n. Convention. His reasons for this summer to sault. are given below in a letter to Hon. se Lorrs BRsy,r of Lafourche. This is a move n- we certainly did not expect from one occu. c. pying so high a position in the Democratic re porty, and who has receised so many honors or at its hands. How the Democracy of this s State will look upon t his act of r-postacy may an well be imagined. For us, as an outsider, we cr have but little to say. We think he has ac o_ ted wrong. and by that act. he not alone in so jured the cause of the South. hot in our opin re ion, casts a blemish upon the fair State which se has honored him with her confidence. We " solicit a perusal of the "' reasons ." I have given the mostcareful attention to e the present position of parties, and have re flected deeply and anxiously upon what the f rapidly aproaching future is to bring us ; and I tell you now. with all fiankness, that I see no well tortnded hope for the preservation of the existing Union with honor to ourselves, but in the candidacy of Stephen A. Douglas f for the Presidency. This may seem strange to you, but itis nevertheless true. Mr. Doug las entertains various opinions which are con demned throughout the South. Some of them r in which Icen never, under anycircumstances concur; and yet I believe that he is the man, of all others, that the interest of the South, ard of the whole nation, now require should be the candidate for the Presidency. My rea sons for this belief are these: The devision in sentiment between the North and South has widened from day today until the people of the two sections seem to constitute two hostile ns. The un friend ly action of frann of t rthern States with respect to the South, gh their legisla tures,. teir executives, their judicrary. has been of such a charac ..or years, that if it had been indulged in b ndependent member of the great famil nations to wards a neighrboring State, it oeUld have af orded a just ground for war-merciless, de vastating. destructive war. If this seeming hostility between the Northern and Southern States is, in a point of fact, real. it is hardly " necessary to say that they can no longer re- r main members of the same confederation. The elections in the Northern States during the present year will necessarily be decisive as to the fact, for thel uestion upon it is now for the tiatiMll~ distiutstly before the people ard it most be determined by them. If the c principles maintained by the great national c Democratic party are vindicated by the result 0 of these elections, all will be well. But if. unhapily, on the other hand, our Northern brethern are overwhelmed in the conflict, we d of t e South. in my judgement, must pronounce n the Union at an end. and engage at once in the construction of a new government for the protection and advancement of the interest of h our own people. n The mere election of a Democratic Presi- Ih dent. however,. will not be surfficient to pre- I serve the Union. The Union cannot continue h unless there is :: complete revolution in the Northern politics. Not only runst the rlec- p toral votes to secure the election of our can- (1 date fIr the Presidency be carried. but in my B view. they will be,artl ouhllt to be broken up, r, unless the Northern people, through a major- a ity of their RP presentatives in the National ci Congress. and throrugh the action of their . State governments in their varioln depart- a nient--executive. l.gislative anid u!i(iail- S give nrnmistakable evidences of a settled dis position to respect the lihts of the South and of her people, and a fixed determi nation to pot down and punish all attempts. within their own limits, or to hinder or obstruct in any way their exercise or enjoyment. Such a result as this I speak of can be se cured only in one way: By placing at the head of our National ticket the name of the man who i9 an embodiment and true repre sentative of the friendly feelings of the North towards us and our institutions. And that marn I am certain is Stephen A. Douglas. Pol;ti cians may say what they ill; subsilded press es may persistently mislepresent-but if there is any one thing clearto an unbiased mind, it is this: That Stephen A. Douglas, at this time, has full possession of the popular mind ofthe North which is trnlv,and oil principles, favorable to the maintenance of all ot the rights of the South under the Cor:stitution and in the Union. If he should be the romi nee of the Democratic party for the Presiden cy at the next election, my hope and belief is. that under the influence of the enthustasm excited among his supporters by his ,reat qualities, a mighty wave of supporters b) his devotion to the Constitution will roll over the whole North and sweep-away eveiy vestige of Black Republicanism and its abominations from the high places of the nation, from the Aroostook and Cape May, to the proportions of Iowa and Minnesota. Entertaim ing these views, as I do, if I were in Louisiana I should most certainly do all in my power to secure the election of delegates to Charleston who would be in favor of the nomination of Douglas to the Presidency and would. at the same time, as fat as could, discourage any action at the piresent session of the Legislature, with a view to the hold ing of a Convention of the Southern States. I have no concealments from the public as to my opinions on the subject under conside ration, or any other; and I therefore to say that you are at liberty to communicate those I have just expressed toany one who may de sire to know them. Accept of my best wishes. Yours Truly. MILes TAYLOR. The Washington rore;pondentof th Phil. adelphia Press makes the following state ments in refereince to the public printing, which we submit, without comment, to the ronsideration of the honest masses of the De mocracy: The fact which cameount in the Senate, the other day, during the discussion prior to the election for public printer, of that body, that some forty thousand dollars had been paid to certain pauperized Administration newspa pers, is. I a:n told, only one item of the record. More money than this has been expended to keep op newspapers committed to the po'icv of ti:e Administration. Nobody believed that these thousands came from the pockets of the President and the Cabinet. How. then, were they obtained ? Of course, out of the pro ceeds of the public printing. It is notorious that the moment Mr. Bl.chanan came into the Presidency, he turned his eye to thie pub lic printing as sort of corruption fiund-that he conferred with Mr. Wendell in regard to its distribution--and that himself aml his Cabinet always looked upon it as a means by which to promote the interests of tt.e Admi nistration.-When the Lecompton betraval took place, through his age.its, and compelled them to use it as sustenance to keep up those newspapers thatstood ready to sanction his his desertion of Democratic principles. OrrrsPnoKr. -The Vicksburg lt'hig is pour ing a terrible tire of canister and grape nto n the hulk of disunion. Take the following as as specimen : Whenever the fire-eaters precipitate a cri - sis; whenever they dare to throw down the >n mask and reveal their horrid designs. then the inrorrup ible and pure-minded patriots of Miissis-ippi, and indeed, tf erery State, not . even excepting South Carolina, will ,rise in +e the terrible majesty of their powti ; they . will break the fetters of mere partyism, as Hereules would sever the attenuated web of a spider, and annihilate the unholy conspira rs cy by the thunder tones ft their voice, as they is stand in long and glittering lines beneath the stars and striipes. proclaiming in the nohle words of the "" Father of his country." that e the " 1Trboo is the primary object of patriotir desire." W- We admire candor in all things; for then a- there is no misunderstanding or mistaking h the position of those who indulge in that sel e domr used commodity. Now, if we are, by that rule, permitted to judge of the Whig's positi n, it is io favor of the Uuiin. come what may. While we have ever been, and are nr.w a strong advocate of the Union, there e is one. perhaps trifling obstacle that will ma f terially interfere with that devotion to this confederacy of States. and that is, the rights e of the South. If we cannot secure unmoles ted all rights and privileges we now andr have ever claimed inder our common Cons'itu tion, the Union in itself is a faree, and :'e, worse than fools to recognize any such lond of brotherhood with the Northern States. There are too many Union men just now at the North, to induce us to believe that they are honest in their Union sentiments. No doubt they are ardei:tlydlevoted to the Union, but they wish to force us into their views and measures while shrieking " Union." When these men come out openly and boldly anil declare their determination to let is alone upon the snlje t of slavery, and show by their votes that they will put no one in power who will use that power to injure and am.oy us, then, and oily then, can we look upon their Union Sentiments with favor and join with them in endeavoring to uphold and maintain them. Our cotemporary, the Whig, sees but one side of the piicture. Mr The New Orleans Bev, from whose columns we have copied freely durin the re. cent exciting contest for Speaker, gets off the ' coolest " thing" imaginable. If the selection of Speaker is a matter of such small moment as our cotemporary now would have at un. derstand it to be, where was the necessity of making such a fuss about it. To the point: A SPEtsKEn Ar LA.r.-- Well. the lorg ago iy is over. and Pennington, of New Jersey, has been elected Speaker. We presume he t must be classed as a Black Republican. since he voted persistently for Sherman while the latter was the candidate of that patty, but here are two points in his favor-first, he was cho'en as a Representative of the Peo- H ple's party in New Jersey, which embraces ti ()Oh Lane Whigs and A r ericans, as well as tl Black Republicans: second, he did not en diorse the Helper book. I e give Mr. Pen. nington the benefit of all the merit he can a claim from these palliating circumstances - We have no idea. however, that any pasticr tar agitation or diutirbance will follow. A a Speaker. let hIis principles be what they may. e has no power beyond the framing of commit tees, andr their ueports. bills anti resolutions p are mere bru/umi fulmen,. rntil they are adop. P ted by the House. We think both the Union so anti the South will survive a Black Republi- cl can Speaker. The last Houseof Representa- i tives had a presidling officer of the same kid. sa ney.-and the country is not yet annihilated. th Goon FOR TEXAs.-Col. Armstrong has in troduced resolutions into the Texas Legisla. tore in opposition to tl.e scherpe of a Southern Convention and a dissolution of the Union, and emphatically declining the overtures of South Carolina It isthought the resolutions will pass. It reads thus: 3 Resolvred, That this Legislature beholls in the proposed secession of the Southern slavehnlding States, or any one of them, from their sister States-or in the dissolution of our glorious Union-no remedy for any alleged evils-real or imiganry-but a great aggrava tion of them all; and contemplate that de plorable event as the parent of other calami ties for transcending ina magnitude and fatal consequences any now pending over us. And the 4th thus: 3. Resolred, That, as far as devolves upon us, we will stand by. support and uphold the Union, against all attacks from without or within, and against all ultraism, Hurrah for Texas! A SECOND VIr.-PRESIDENT.-The Wash ington Constitution says the unsuccessful ef fort of the House of Representatives to or ganize, has suggested to the minds of many the question whether some radical change in the mode of appionting the Speaker is not required. It has been suggested as a proper remedy for the growing abuse of a failure to organize that the Constitution be so amended as to create the office of Second Vice Presi dent, elected by the people, whose duty it shall be to preside over the popular branch of Congres. If the Union is to stand, the me thod orght to be made constitutional, or some other effectual plan adopted to obviate the periodical dead-locks in Congress. ArID FROM VICKSBUsa FoR LARwn~CR.-A meeting has been held in Vicksburg, Miss. for the purpose of making arrangements for procuring aid for the suffererers by the recent dreadful catastrophe at Lawrence, Mass. We record the fact of the meeting, with a high I degree of satisfaction. It p:oves that all the wrath and clamor, past and prssent, about t slavery, have not -o perverted the hearts of men, as to make them indifferent to actual ca- 1 lamity which may befall their countrymen. t Tne citizens of Vicksburg have illustrated by t acts of the saying of Daniel Webster, that we I are one people, with one destiny, yet. While the Sourth has much, very much to complain of, in the course of many at the North, we t find a Southern city coming forward to sym- 1 pathize with and alleviate suffering in a Nor thern city. May this manifestation of broth. a er!y kindness be duly appreciated r.ere. May t it inspire our people with a just respect for f the generous character of the Southern peo- r pie. L.et them no longer be denounced from I Northern platforms and Northern pulpits as t only so many pirates and murderers, destitute v of all commisseration for huma, suffering and a woe -Boston Corirer, 245th at. Mrsrss[rPrI LmsIs:.ATrIRF.-"uIR AFRICAN SI Av. Tl..'v1.-- 'Ih pr.e.i.t Leai.latur, . if it does no go.t. srerls cldposed to Ido little sI inrr. The hill to repeal the law against the introductions of Africans into the State - was rejected in the House oil the 20th tlt., by a vote of 3 to 1-yeas 66, nays 22! It may i he interesting to the voters of this county to s know that all three of their Representatives t voted against the motion to reject.-Hinds C Co'nty (Miss.) Gazette. For a time then the question of reopening the Slave Trade will slumber peacefully and quietly. The N. O. Bulletin seems to think that the members of the Mississippi Legis latire have evidently been conversing, with their constituents. By the way, we believe that the slave taade resolutions which were introduced by the Senator from Feliriana into the Legislature of Louisiana at the last session wele laid over to be brought up again and acted on by the present Legislature. If we mistake not, we saw a letter from their auithor, in a Texas paper, some time since, intimating that the people of other States must not take what "certain newspapers" may say on the subject for the opinion of Louisiana about it, that t?.e resolutions in question were merely laid over out of defer ence to their opponents. but will be brought forward in due time and passed! After the indignant reprobation with which the people ol Louisiana, with rare and almost unexam pled unanimity. have resisted this whole scheme of a revival of the slave trade, dis guised or open, it would certainly be rather refreshing and inte:esting for ainy one of their public servants to bring it up again and urge on the exploded and rejected scheme It wonid argue uncommon moral courage in him who should screw himself up the stick ing point. We are not without hope that somebody will be found in the Legislature equal to the delicate emergency. It would be about the richest joke of the season though it might prove anything but a joke for the ambi'inus individual emulous of 'do ing the State some service" in a public ca pacity at Baton Ronge. We mean, of course, the law-making department of the State, and not the other "institution" there ! It is a suggestive circumstance that the Senator from Feliciana, who introduced the slave trade bill of the last Legislature is the same that has introduced the resolutions in reference toa Southern Convention at At lanta, which proposes to send delegates and pay them. of W: Er.L Spoxna !-The Bee does sot appear satisfied with the card of Mesi.ra. Hsalon, SDeLoN, & Co. Itthusspeaks tritsOpposi e tion friends: As we had anticipated, the courteous invi, t ation of a fraction of Democrats *o the Whigs Ktrow Not'.ings and Independents to unite with the party in the election of delegatesto the Stale Convention. on the so'e condition that they should pledge themselves to vote fir the nominee of the Charleston Covention. fails to meet with the approval of the Sachems and Elders of Democracy. The Democratic Parish Committee. at its sitting of Monday last, tok the polite proposition inlto consider ation. and denounced it in u-iequivocal and emphatic language. The Committee styles Messrs. llerrcn, Delony & Co.'s card asa pro s position for the dissolution of the Democratic party. anti qualifies it as "'aithless and pre sumptols." The Committee furthermore de clares that none ought to be permitted to vote at the Democratic primary meetings save those who have heretofore subscribed to the principles and sustained the regularly nomin. ted candidates of the party, and that to receive adhereing members of an adverse organization as free to vote in their meetings is to put the party, its principles, and its cal. didates at the mercy of its enemies. Per fectly right just and sensible! We admire the f manly and timely rebuke administered to the factionists. We cannot conceive how any member of the Opposit;on could so far demean imself, prove recreant to his political faith. and forgetful to h:s personal dignity as to de. I sire to enter a Democratic a..,:rilage.and º speak or vote therein. We co,- uri,lerstand that between two unacceptable c..ndi ates. a I party having no representative of its own in the field. may justly and properly sustain the least objectionable ol its adversaries, precise ly as the Democrats did in Congress when I they voted for Smith in the hope of defeating Sherman. But they did not profess to be con. vertied into Whigs or .A mericans for the nonce; I nor would the people of Louisiana be easily induced to bilieve that the fifteen thousand antagonist of Democracy who supported last November the State ticket headed by the name of T. J. Wells. conld undergo so rapid and extraordinary.a metamorphosis as to qual. ify them in a few months for walking into a Democratic convention and fraternizing with the members. If such a transmogrification takes place, the process must necessarily be slow Sudden changes are usually suspicious AwKWARD. - The English Government lately encouraged the formation of volunteer rifle companies as a means of defence against invasion. It is now said that some of the aristocracy begin to fear that some awkward consequences may result from this move ment. It is apprehended that these stalwart workingmen, w;th rifles in their hands, may aspire to higher political privilege than they now have, and maysuggest this in rather a forcible manner. They tear then the Chartest feeling is not extinct. The English people are more loyal to their rulers than any other European na tion; but when taxes are piled on to the last extremity, there is such a thing as " kicking over the traces." PREACHIso Is THRATERS.-A London let ter of January 5, says : "The only thing new in theaters, we will not say ii, theatricals, is the special religious services on a Sunday which now take place at some of the city theaters. Sermons were preaehed at four of I them on Sunday last-at St. lames Hall, by a two laymen; at .the Garrick Theater, by clergymen of the Established Church and by non-eroforming ministers alternately; at I Saddlers' Wells Theater, by clergymen of f the Church of England, and the Britannia f Theater by Wesleyan ministers. Madame Sevigne used to call ecclesiastical eloquence at a public dinner by a bishop or a dean the v thickening of religion with turtle and old c port." What would she had called this t preaching in theaters? We find no fault with this latter practice, but it seems to us to he such a breaking down of the middle S wall of partition between the pulpit and the t stage as would have made good old Jeremy 1 Collier's hair stand on end." o " 0 As an item of interest werypu l low the speech of Mr. Par.raIon,4gp.n irng his seat as Speaker of the House. e P. will steadily bear in mind the .eMen t F he therein expresses, there may be sf Y hope that things will not be so bad attar, s SPEAKER PENNINOTON's ADDoRE.SS.i. Stlemen of the House of Representat"ive's. turn you my grateful acknowledginjr the distinguished honor you have be pleased to confer on me in electib I Speaker of this House. Coming herefors first time at the present session, to be ciated' with you as a member, no eventeol. be more nnlooked for than that I should lb called upon to preside over your delibe,. tibons, and my friends will do me the jtt. to say that I have not sought the positaeras I certainly never desired it. a I am, nevertheless, as conscious of thedil onity and importance of this high oflce, eny gentleman can be, but I should have been far better pleased, could the dst have been entrusted to abler and mote eila r rienced hands. After witnessing the almot insurmountable obstacle in the way ol s organization of the House, 1 came to the conclusion that any gentleman of any who could command a majority of the vot f for Speaker was bound in deekrence to p lic exigencies, to accept'tbe responsibility a an act ot patriotte duty, whetlLcrci agreeable to his feelings or not. As that choice has unexpectedly falleoan me, I have not hesitated to acceptft. .. the execution of this high trust my objee" will be to do my duty, with impartiality anm justice to all I shall have great neessity~ gentlemen, for your indulgence in the, sr position in which I am placed, and I feeld s. tire confidence that I shall receive it atyor hands. A Representative from the Stated New Jersey, upon whose soil so many bi.. liant achievements were accomplishedijnlt Revolutionary War: and whose people ha, ever been distinguished for devotio' .(A, Union and the Constitution, I praytothe great arbiter of our destinies that I my do no act to impair the integrity of eitheiblt that by wise and prudent counselspenore order may yet reiian in our midst,and free institutions may be perpetuated tonsi descendants. I feel that I have a natai heart embracing all parts of cur blesse Union. Again thanking you for your kiad. ness, I now enter upon the dutiee of thatr duous and complicated station MississPerpi LEoIsArua+ .d Ja fions. The Jackson Eagle, of thd" 24 in.t, says: "In the Horse, this morn:ng, tha. olutirns on Federal Relations were tahela s and discussed, occupying nearly fie whale morning,. and after various amendmets wme acted on. the Senate resolutions were pami. almost unanimously. with a h.tatefa second resolution. and slight amen the third. Many of those who. some of the reaolutibea.4id that they were not sesD. lotions asP aa Afawp. ~ 'e Constitution United ata cognizes property in. and the Gov e created by it nor can an I acting under its an whether it ative . exe cial, withini riates hold from the' protection for the wh owners of property Isada are tied, or which, from its htsre they mr ther require to secure them in its po . and ernjoyment. Resolved. That the election of a Ps+i.f4y. ic Resolved. That the election of a P . ,y of the United States by qasec.ri t vr views advdrse to the instititfie .d.ltetst ,l slavery as it existi'ithe; shehnlag es and Territorios, or of-_ope who.i o- the grant of the protection claimern c forgoing resolution, would so.threaten ,iif e. traction of the ends for which the 1u pe tion was formed, as to justify theslavehlbding to State in taking cousel together seperate pro. ,s tection and safety. to Resolved. That in order to be prepared tar ly such a co. tingency, Missi-sippi accepts the at invitation of South Calolin,. to her sister se slavehotling States to meet in a CosnveetialS rs and proposes the first Monday in June aeIXt and Atlanta, Ga., as a suitable time and pl* r- to meet. to counsel together, and recomsme ie the action they should take in such an event e which shall be reported to the Governor. who v shall convene the Legislature, if in his jude-4 n meat it may be required. And that theGgV h. ernor of this State appoint seven delegateauJ attend the Convention at Atlanta, Ga. d Resolved, Thata Commissroner be appointed Id by the Governor to proceed to the-apital of a Virginia, and express to the people of that n Commonwealth, through her Executive, e indignation that Mississippi feels at the o rage co nmited in the recent invasion of her n soil, and the readiness of Mississippi to i with her, or any other slareholding State . repelling any assailment of their people their rights;and that said Commissoner als y present to her Excutive a copy of these-oes d olutione, and invite her co-operation in tee t proposed Convention. Resolved,, That the Governor of this State d be requested to transmit a copy of these res. olutions to the Governors of each of the si a holding States of the Union to be laid bei h their Legislatures, and invite their co-oper: n tion. Tas Vors Fos b tiisitaa-is-e4t.hl__e b did not ell us that there was ooei.ir"eetual t ballot for speaker after the failure to elect r Mr. Smith, on Friday, the 27th, and the ekec tion of Pennington last Wednesday, It was held on Tuesday, with the following ree ult: Number of votes, 233--necessary for. " t choice, 147. Mr. Pennington had .116; AMr.' McClernand, oft linertls, pt; -ilmher, ,; Me Qneen, o, South Carolina, 5; MSitota;5 nine seateriag. - It was the largest vote cast this .t The only persons not voting, were, Mr. Penn ington, (the canidate,) Mr. C qch.ne R(e. of New York , absent-sick anai .r. Brown, of Kentucky, whali~isot yJ*-td his seat, not being of the constitutional age. It was on his ballot that Mr. WinterDaet first gave his vrte to a Black Republican. -Ti announcement of the vote was received li hisses. They were the outbreak of a natual sentiment of abhorrteneCe it-aptacy and treachery. Davis-ib the' aonly represetatit from a slaveholdiig State who has eone by his vote the crusade'of Blacek' l iepu ism against tissection. He has uot;t a po:o exeuse-that his vote wds a conrpulho¢ one and given to save a long and unprofitable con troversy, for he threw hia.vote when i. Mp not decisive. The shame and the crime no greater on the next ballot, when hield feetion blighted the hopes of the South5li gave a certain advantage to its enemu, May he be rewarded according to his work. Mr. Riggs, the New Jersey Lecomptonitt whose next ballot followed Davis, as1 changed his vote to Pennington. voted on this ballot with the De3)retaPt .ie Me Clernand. . € But Mr. McCettand -did notgihtiheIe Southern vote, Democratic or American. . the Southern Americans he got Boteler,.l Virginia, Boulignyof this State, May.ard. of Tenneesee, and ¥mee irdmith, ofe .m- tc