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The Potter journal. [volume] (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, June 18, 1857, Image 1

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'llios. S. Claasc,
To whom all Letters auil Communication!: j
should be addressed, to secure attention.
Terms--§ll variably in ttivauce :
Sl.'J"< per lunum.
Ti \rius <>i Advertising.
3 Fqimre [lOtincs] 1 insertion, 50 |
1 41 41 3 j( $1 50 j
Ea h subsequent insertion less than 13, 25 j
! Square three months, ------- 250 :
1 * 4 six " ------- 4 0o!
] 44 nine 44 ------- 550
I 44 on" year, ....... eOO j
Hub-and figure work, per sq., 3 ins. 3 00
.Every subsequent insertion, ----- 50
.! Column six months, ------- is 00
A " •• . T 10 001
i " " " 7 .00 j
1 4i per year, - - - - - - 30 On •
J " .1' - - 10 oo i
Vdiiiinislrator'a cr Executor's Xofice, 200 '
Auditor's Notices, each, ------- Jso
Murilf's Sales, per tiuct, ------ 150 i
Marriage Notices, each, ----- -- IOIM
lln-im*s or Professional Cards, each,
uul (-vending 8 lined, per year, - - 500 :
Spei ial and Editorial Notice*:, per line, 10 j
Jfettf AH transient advertisements must be ;
j. id in advance, and no notice will be taken 1
advertisements from a distance, unless they i
re nvompanied by the money or satisfactory
ftusiiuss Ccii Us.
j'JTll X 'y'yj
• oudersp tii. I'a., will attend the several
i'-Ourt.-, in l'otter and M'Kean Counties. All
iKishiess entrusted in his care will receive
pron.pt attention. Office on Main St., oppo
site the Court House. 10:1
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport. Pa., will
ri. jhuL att ad the Courts in Potter and j
the adjoining Counties. 10:1 j
< <ni<iersport, Pa., will attend to all business j
entrusted to his care, with prouiptnes and!"
oddity. Office in Temperance Block, sec
ond floor, Main St. 10:1
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will
. lu ml to all business entrusted to him, with
(an and promptness. Office corner of West j
and Third sts. 10:1 j
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Wellsboro', Tioga Co., |
Pa., will attend the Courts in Potter and j
M'Kcan Counties. 0:13
A. I'. CONK, J
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Wellsboro", Tioga Co.. 1
Pa., will regularly attend the Courts o:! £
Putter County. 0:13 jj
11. W BENTON, |I
Moud P. 0., (Allegany Tp..) Potter Co., Pa..!
will attend to all business in his line, with i c
care and dispatch. 9:33 |<
ANCER, M'Keun Cb., Pa., w ill j
attend to business lor non-resident land
holder-. upon reasonable terms, JReferen- ! *
given if required. P. S-—Maps of any ' s
pari of the t 'ountv made to order. 9:13
PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudersport, Pa..' t
r- -pn tfullv informs the citi/.eus oi the vil- j
lage and vicinity tint he will promply re- ! <
-pon ! to all calls for professional services. l ,
Office on Main ,-t.. in building lorAieilv oc- *
eupied iiv C. W. Elli-, L-q. 9:22 II
C. S. JO'<tS. LKWIS MANX. A. ¥. JOXKS. I 1
Hardware, Roots K Shoes, Groceries and ]
i tutciuus Main St., Coudersport, Pa.
10:1 <
Faqey Articles, Stationery, Dry Goods, <
Groceries, Ac., Main hi., Coudersport, Pa. !
10:1 11
Clothing. Crockery, Groceries, kc., Main st.. j'
Coudersport, Pa. 10:1
A/.INLS and Music. N. W. corner of Main J
and Third ?ts., Coudersport. Pa. 10:1
iv il. JlAlilUNG'J'oN,
! i
yf ..LLK,>, Cpuderaftort, Pa., having engag- i
• . aw indow in Schoumaker i Jackson's ' '
Store w ill cajrv on the Watch and Jewelry ! j
1 i-iiii-.-i there. A line assortment of Jew-!
eh i constantly on hit nil. Watches and !
.Jew dry carefully repaired, in the best style, j
on the r hottest notice—ail work warranted.'
9:24 ■
1 7
(-rCCKssolt TO JAMES W. SMITtt,)
V- \RB, Main st.. nearly opposite the Court \
House. ( ondersport. Pa. Tin and Sheet
Iron Ware made to order, in good style, on
short notieo. 10; 1 j
D • GL.YSSMIRE, Proprietor, Corner of!
Main and Second Streets, Coudersport. Pot
ter Co., I'a. 9 : 44 !
ALL EG ANY" SE, , ' '
• -V' EL 11. MILLS. Proprietor, Colesburg.
I >tt< i < () Pa., geven miles north of Cou-!
C ' joi'. on the WelDvillc Road. 9:14
mp 'pwisfe
fdrctfii Jsiicij.
Oh ! could therein this world be found
Some little spot of happy ground,
Where village pleasures might go round
Without the village tattling!
llow doubly blessed that place would be,
Where all might dwell in liberty—
Free from the bitter misery
Of gossip's endless prattling.
'Tis mischief makers that remove
Far from ou hearts that warmth of love.
And lead us all to disapprove
' What gives another pleasure.
The}- seem to take one's part —but when
• They've heard our cares, unkindly then
They soon retail them all again,
Mixed with their poisonous measure.
And then they've such a cunning way,
Of telling ill-meant tales; they say,
"Don't mention what I've said, 1 prar,
I would not tell another."
Straight to their neighbor's house they go,
Narrating everything they know ;
And break the peace of high or low,
Wife, husband, friend or brother.
Oh, that the mischief-making crew
Were all reduced to one or two;
And they were painted red or blue.
That every one might know them !
Then would our villagers forget
To rage and quarrel, fume and fret,
And fall into an angry pet,
With things so much below them.
For 'tis a sad, degrading part,
To make another bosom smart,
And plant a dagger in the heart
We ought to love and cherish:
Then let us evermore be found
la quietness with all around,
While friendship, joy and psace abound,
And angry feelings perish!
A Potter County Man in Wis
SHEBOYGAN, WIS., June 4, 18">7.
ED. OF JOURNAL —A residence of less
than two months ia the west, however
fast one may live, and which is supposed
by eastern people to be somewhere about
hve times as fast as in the east, cau hard
ly give a right to speak with the uuhes
itauey of an older resident of the coun
try, yet first impressions are sometimes j
correct, and as you have very kindly re
quested me to give mine, I will do so.
It is not many years since it was stated
in a Geography published in the city of
Loudon, that some of the country around
the upper part of the Mississppi was;
susceptible of cultivation. The whole of
the State of Wisconsin was probably in
cluded in the country spoken of, and al
though the author of that valuable book
doubtless guessed at the whole matter,
yet if ho could now visit the region of;
which lie spoke, he would easily be con
vinced that his surmises were correct,;
and should he be so fortunate as to hear
its beauties and it= advantages elucidated,
by a genuine Badger, he would speedily!
conic to believe that it was the central
part of all the earth, and El Dorado and a
Paradise besides. I think the country
go*id enough without inflation, and shall
only speak of it precisely as it appears
to me.
My own observation lias been confined
to the eastern shore of Wisconsin, and of
other parts of the state I am unable to j
write. The whole lake shore is skirted
with a belt of timber, which varies in
width from twenty to forty mites. The
timber is principally hard-wood, maple,
beech, &c., and in spots there is good
pine, although this is fast disappearing
under the impetus which a vapidly grow
ing country lias given to lumbering, and
pine for Liplding purposes will soon be
had here, only us it is brought from
Green Bay and the more northern parts
of the state. The face of the country iu
this timbered section is somewhat broken.
Near the lake shore, the land is flat, be
ing either level with the lake, or with
the tops of the bluils, which are about
thirty feet above the lake, and the oleva
tioti from the low ground to the upper,
quite precipitous. Further inland, the
surface becomes more rolling, although
very little higher, and all capable of very
easy cultivation, until what are called the
commence. These are the
proirifs of Wisconsin, but differ from
f? ebol jd jo iija of Jhjj Inifloefcjetj, q>D ih: Simtoittfiioi) of hjci-qiiiij, JHfjirqiqiv- qoD fi'eh??.
j those of states farther south, as Indiana
j aud Illinois, by being much smaller and
more rolling. The larger openings are
Interspersed wirk clumps of timber, and
j the smaller ones are surrounded by it.—
This gives to the face of the eouutry the
j appearance of an old settled region. Fon
j du-lae and Marquette Counties, both di
' reetly west from this, are principally prai
ries, and Marquette County which has
hardly seen the face of a white man un
til within ten years, with its clean, level
farms aud its handsome groves of timber,
; showsJsigns of wealth, and bears great re
| semblance to the older Counties of New
York and Pennsylvania.
Farms in this (Sheboygan) county, are :
worth from live to forty dollars per acre,,
depending of course upon their location
and improvement. The soil compares
favorably with that of any part of Penn-j
1 sylvania, or any other state I have ever
: seen. Thirty bushels of wheat per acre
is an average crop. This was worth last 1
; fall, about 90 cents, and now is worth
181,20, and 81,25 per bushel The finest
wheat growing section of the west is said
1 • .
Ito be in this county, and in the other
| counties west of this and in the same lat
itude. The wheat that is gathered and
.•hipped at this post, commands uniform
ly live to ten cents more per bushel than
that shippd at Milwaukee.
At present the business of sending off
j produce is principally confined to the:
; summer season, when navigation is open,
i Another summer the Lake Shore P. It. |
will bu finished to this place, when all
the facilities can here be afforded for;
trade, either in summer or in winter,!
that are now found at Milwaukee. The
j Sheboygan and Mississippi 11. R. which!
| is now in course of construction, and the,
| eastern section of which will be running |
this season, will attract a large share of;
i western business. La Crosse is directly j
j west from this point, and the produce go-!
ing east by water conveyance, as it all j
does when the lake is open, will come toj
this port, in preference to posts farther
south, where the distance of conveyance'
by Railroad is considerably greater, and
from where it must he shipped immedi
ately back to this po*t on its way east. —
With a lake shore Railroad, a western
Railroad, a good harbor, and a fine farm-1
ing country all around to rely upon, it
' does not seem unreasonable to believe
that this place is destined to become a
city, as well in reality as in name.
The climate here is about the same as
in northern Pennsylvania. Spring comes
no earlier, but frosts in the fall do not!
make their appearance until four or six
weeks later here than there, and it is a
rare thing for any kind of crops to be,
! injured by the frost in the fall. There:
! .
is less rain here than there, 1 have seen
but very few rainy days since my resi
dence here. Snow at no time fell more
than two or three inches during the month j
of April, while I see from the papers,!
there was from two to three feet in the
east. Still lam inclined to think the
; climate no warmer here than in northern
Pennsylvania; and the chief superiority
! it seems to possess, is the lateness of cold
weather in the fall. Ilere, on the west
side, the wind from the lake is not cold,
and two or three miles in from the shore
is not felt at all. The health of the
country in this section, seems not mate
rially different from what it is with you.
Physicians say it is a poor country for
them —that there are no local diseases,
nor any tendency to any particular dis
ease. Fever and ague, that great bugbear
: of all westerndoiu, is unknown here, nor
arc other fevers more prevalent here than
The population of the city and county
:is rapidly increasing. Last year there
i were two hundred dwellings erected in
. the city. Eligible business situations
- have more than doubled in value in two
years. One hundred dollars per foot
L (front) is the price at which fairly loca
- ted lots are now selling. Land through
, out the ,country is also rapidly rising,
' although owing to the "hard times"
there is not so wneli changing hands this
spring as usual. There is some emigra
> tioa, from this county principally, to Kan
: sas. But few go to Minnesota from this
) state; they say it is too cold. lam told
11 there i.s great emigration from lowa to
j °
I Kansas. Tho starvation they have many
: of them been obliged to endure in some
parts of that state during the past winter
and spring, was too much for them to re
■ i tain any great affect-ion for the eountry
in which they suffered it. If the settlers
■ who go from this state to Kansas are any
index of the vast multitude who are pour
iing iuto that territory, in their political
f feelings, all attempts, even by govern
ment itself, to make it a slave state will
prove entirely futile, in fact at least, if not 1
in name, for slave holders going there j
with slaves, will find with all her broad |
! prairies, Kansas is too small and has no I
: room for them. I venture to say that if
: Kansas should come into the TTuiou with
! ... i
a slave constitution, she will be the first'
slave state, with a Free Soil delegation,
both Senators and Representatives, in j
Congress. But I have no intention of
writing a political letter.
Iu conclusion I have only to say, that
this part of the west affords many advan
tages over any part of the west in which
' r i
I have ever lived. Here is a good soil, a j
good climate, line natural facilities for
trade, a rapidly increasing population of
good citizens, and a country which has;
within itself all the elements of wealth.
A few years cannot fail to put this couu-'
i try on a level with the Genesees and oth-!
er sections on the south shore of Lake
Ontario. But there are, too, disadvan
tages, the disadvantages always attending'
Hi new counry, and which most of the 1
readers of the JOURNAL have known too
long and too well to need reminding of.
ft is not all upon one side. There are!
arguments in favor of, and opposed to, a
life iu the west. I was aware that there
wns two sides to the subject before I left
Pennsylvania, and am no less aware of it
j now; and in view of every thing connect- ;
ed with the matter, mv own decided pref
erance is "The West." 11.
Correspondence of tlie Journal.
ED. JOURNAL. —This is a stirring citv.
"as far as politics is concerned. It has also
a pretty large margin fo£ mobs. Some three
weeks since, a furious and excited mob at-1
tacked the jail bringing a cannon to bear on
it, and demanding the prisoners, (a la j
I San Francisco), or rather, four negroes;
who had committed a foul murder and had
been acquited. The demand was quickly
. complied with, and the negroes hung on j
the trees around the Court House. The !
leaders of the mob have been arrested, and
the probability is that they will be acquit- j
ted on the plea of insanity. Tho witnes- ,
scs testified that they (the mobocrats) were !
phrensied, and the Judge interpreted it
i insanity j —"perfectly right."
Fighting duels, otherwise "settlingaffairs
of honor," are frequent. I regret (?) how
ever, to report that no blood has been spil
led in the three last; although, iu one in
; stance, six shots wore exchanged. We have
other excitements and sports to make life
interesting, not the least of which are the :
"races." 1 consider these to have a pure
ly beneficial effect. They bring the best
horses in the State together, and thusen
courage the farmers to use eare in that
branch of husbandry.* It enables the far
mer to get the best price for his stock.—
1 i The winning nag, on the Lexington Course
"Bonnie Lassie," sold from first baud for
$5,000. The Lexington races were celebra
ted last week—to-day is the closing one
' for the "Oakland Track.
The National American Council, which
j has been in session here the past two or
" three weeks, closed its labors hist evening.
' It was harmonious throughout. The ofii
-1 eers of the Council for the next year were
chosen by acclamation. Hons. J. J. Crit
tenden, Erastus Brooks, and other distin
! guishod men were present.
1 ! Stephen A. Douglas was also here a few
• days since. His presence at the "Gait
> House" occasioned something of a throng
t ing of the "faithful." His countenance
- does not inspire one with confidence. He
- is a short, spare, but well-built man, and
, has the appearance of a "genteel drinker"
—that is to say, lie does not drink more
51 than fifteen times a day.
Hon. Gerrit Smith was at Lexington a
- few days since, and, says the Louisville
s Democrat , "was called on by His numerous
1 ( friends receiving all the courtesies to which
11 his distinguished position entitles him." !
This will no doubt astonish you as it did
me, but it is nevertheless true. It may be j
laid down as a safe rule, that a man may go!
'safely wherever this courage will sustain'
| him.
An Irishman, for a trifling offence, butch
ered a man this morning in the Market.
The man is not yet dead. Should a j ury
acquit this Irishman, (and it is hardly pos
sible), he will be banged by a mob. That
is the way they dispense justice here.
The papers announced that S. A. Doug- i
j lass attended a wedding a day or two af-'
1 ter his arrival here. The wedding alluded 1
I to was that of Miss Emma Ward, sister'
|of the celebrated Sallie Ward. The papers 1
! did not give a programme of this wedding! -
as on the occasion of Sallie's. Tlie truth ; <
! is, the Wards are uot so popular as for- 1
iinerly. However, an unusual number of I
voung ladies could have been seen on that
! evening walking around the square in 1
| which Mr. Ward's residence is situated,
and the wedding was a matter of gossip
during the day.
Tlie weather lias been very temparate,
but fires are comfortable this afternoou.'
There are many fine residences in this!
place; more, I think, than I have seen in
. any city of its magnitude—Havana excep- :
| ted.
I am going on a tour to the West and
I Northwest, and as the fine steamer which:
takes us to Saint Louis is about to start. ;
' ' j
I must close for the present. If in my!
western tour I see anything to interest you.
I will "make note on't."
Truly Yours, S.
; [* We can scarcely agree with our cor
respondent iu regard to the beneficial ef-,
| fects of Horse-racing. It may be a great
i inducement to the breeding of good hor-1
| ses, but that good is more than overbalan
! ced by the crime it propagates. The prin
ciple, too, is contrary to our idea of right,;
and, if we are not mistaken, one race will'
i "use up" a horse more than ten years
j of any usual labor on a farm or iu a team.
There are many better ways of proving the
value of a liorse thau running them to!
death, and that too at a period when their'
! "bottom" is most required in more use- 1
ful avocations. "Speed" is a valuable trait
in the horse only to the sportsman's eye.;
Tlio Wrcd Sroll Decision In j
Slamming the last door of the first ear
and opening that of the second, the "gen
tlemanly conductor" of the New Fork
i train made his appearance with his bow
! and smile, and " tickets, gentleman, if
' you please."
Seated in the front corner, surrounded ;
by her personal conveniences, such as a |
carpet-bag, umbrella, big bundle, little bun
dle, a few apples and pieces of cake, was !
a colored lady, whose face, the hue of an
! inverted saucepan, contrasting with her
snow white ivory and eyeballs, gave that'
pleasing African expressinn which is so!
| often the type of humor and good na- j
! ture.
"Ticket, ma'am,"says our conductor,
with a civility regardless of complexion.
44 1 hasn't got 'em," she replied " but
I'se got money, any way;" and she be
gan to fumbled in her bag, then iu the
! bunbles, searching these articles through
!iu vain.
44 Come hurry up, " exclaimed her
■ slightly impatient friend; i: I can't wait
jail day."
i; " Bress your soul, you don't think I
• find everything iu a rninit, but I'se got
. \ mone}* somewhere—must be in dis yeah
■ cawpet-bagand she felt in her pocket
! accordingly for the key.
" Well, well, I'll pass through, and
• 1 when I get back, perhaps you will have
; it ready."
r l "Yas, sartin," said Dinah; but as he
l passed along she reached out her umbrel
- la, and giving him a poke upon tlie
: shoulder, asked, "What you gwoin to
* charge on freight ? "
I 44 What do you want to know for?"
"Cause I does; I'se civil aiu't 1?
j u Well, five cents afoot; there, dout j
! bother me any more, but find your uiou
i; ey, " and he went his way.
31 There seemed to be a peculiar di'ollerv
I " I
si about the lady's eye and mouth, as one
i [rolled around in its black sea of flesh,
and the other opened to give vent to an
involuntary " Yah! ha!" It was not
long now before she found her purse, aud
withdrew some coin, which she kept
jingling in her hand, as she kept up her
occasional each illations.
• In due time the conductor returned for
his money, and upou extending his itch
ing palm was somewhat astonished at re
ceiving the precise sum of ten cents.
"What do you mean?" he exclaimed.
" The fare to New York is 85."
"Yas, yas, I knows dat, for white folks
—folks what am folks —but I'se nobody;
I'se freight, I is. Yah, yah. Poor rule
as don't work bof ways; tive cents a foot,
hcah tliey is!" said she, extending a pair
of enormous ambulators for the inspection
of the conductor and us all.
The nonplussed funetiouary stood un
determined for a moment among tho
shouts of the passengers, until the idea]of
a compromise occurred to him, as lie ex
claimed : "Well, if you are freight, take!
yourself off into the baggage car." Rut
even there Dinah was too much for him,
as she replied: "Jus you pick up your
freight if you want to cairum off!"
This settled the point. The conduct
or vanished, aud Dinah offered a pious
ejaculation: "Lord bress dat a 'Preme
Court, and gin 'em credit for five dollar
bill, any way I"
C alculation* In Regard to Fod
It is one great object to the farmers of Maine
to raise a supply of the best kind of fodder
for their stock during the winter. Hay, we all
know, is the great dependence—the stapla
material for this purpose ; but there arc many
other crops which can be raised to advantage
among us, and which are very valuable for
furnishing the food to stock and thereby sav
ing hay.
In order to ascertain the real value of thoso
crops for the above-named object, it will bo
necesrary to compare the nutritive propertie*
of the several articles with very good hay,
the standard.
Experiments, and close and careful compar
ison of the results of many trials, have given
the following as the comparative difference be
tween the articles mentioned and good hay.—
We have published these results before, but
we will now put them in tabular form, so as
to give the reader an<e&sier mode of compar
ing them: —
100 pounds of hay are equal to
275 pounds of green Indian corn,
442 pounds of rye straw,
164 pounds of cut. straw,
2'> l pounds of raw potatoes,
175 pounds of boiled potatoes,
339 pounds of mangel wurUel,
504 pounds of turnips,
54 pounds of rye,
46 pounds of wheat,
59 pounds of oats,
45 pounds of peas or bean 9,
G1 pounds of bubkwheat,
57 pounds of Indian corn,,
CS pounds of acorns,
105 pounds of wheat bran,
109 pounds of rye bran,
179 pounds of wheat, pea and oat chaff,
179 pounds of rye and barley.
From this "bird's-eye view," it will be eo*y
to calculate the fodder value of any of th o
above articles you may raise. For instance;
if you have 504 lbs. of turnips, they will give
as much nutrition to your cattle as 100 lbs. of
good hay, or, in other words, it will take 5
pounds of turnips to bo equal to one pound
of hay.
An ox, it is said, requires 2 per cent, of hay
per day if he does not work, and 21 per cent,
if he does work. Suppose, thorefore, you haro
an ox that weighs 1,500 pounds; he will re
quire 30 pounds of hay per day if he does not
work. But you wish to feed him in part tur
nips. If you give him 15 pounds of hav, how
many pounds of turnips must you give him to
to make up the supply? Answer —7s pounds,
which, at 60 pounds to the bushel, will b
fire peeks.
Again: according to the table, a little mora
than half a pound of Indian corn is equal to ;t
pound of hay. If, therefore, you cau giye the
same ox but 15 pounds of hay, how much In
dian corn must he have to supply the 15 lbs ?
Answer —a little over eight and a half pound?.
Allowing corn to weigh 50 pounds per bushel,
it will take five quarts and a third.
Allowing the estimates in the table to bo
| correct, they will be a convenient guide to tha
j fanners in feeding cattle, Tfcc., ou other arti
-1 eles, in order to save hay.
A uiilch cow is said to require 3 per cent, of
her weight per day. A sheep, full grown,
j three aud a half per cent. — Maine Farmer.
©SKThe crops throughout the country
are said to be fully as promising as eve*

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