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The Potter journal. [volume] (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, July 02, 1857, Image 1

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SINGLE COPIFS,
VOLUME X.-NUMBER, 4,
THE POTTER JOURNAL,
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING, BY
Thos. S. Chase,
To whom all Letters and Communications
should be addressed, to secure attention.
Terms—ln variably in Advance:
$1,25 per Annum.
MiirtniTifU Tirnifunfnnmwi
Terms oi' Advertising.
J Square [lO lines] 1 insertion, - - - 50
1 " " 3 " - - - $1 50
Each subsequent insertionless than 13, 25
1 Square three mouths, ------- 250
1 •' sii " ....... 400
1 " nine " ------- 5 50
■J " one rear, ------- 6 00
Rule and figure work, per sq., 3 ins. 3 00
cy subsequent insertion, ----- 50
2.Coittian six mouths, ------- is oo
4 " " " 10 00
} " " " 700
1 " per year, - 30 00
$ " " " 1.6-ftoj
Administrator's or Esecutcr's Notice, 200
Auditor's Notices, each, ----- -- 150
Sheriff"s Sales, per tract, ------ x5O
ilarriage Notices, each, ----- -- 100
Business or Professional Cards, each,
not excediug 8 lines, per year, - - 500
Special and Editorial Notices, per lice, 10
JF"A11 transient advertisements must bo
paid in advance, and no notice will be taken
of advertisements from a distance, unlesc they
are accompanied by the money or satisfactory
reference.
business
ayiimnii—inimiimiMimn—imfHimmiiimimnnitiiiiinmi
JOHN 8. MANN,
ATTORNEY" AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
Couderspct, Pa., will attend the several
Courts in Potter and M'Ecau Counties. All
business entrusted in his care will receive
prompt attention. Office on Main St., oppo
site the Court House. lu:l
F. W. KNOX,
ATTORNEY* AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will
regularly attend the Courts iu Pot er and
the adjoining Counties. 10:1
ARTHUR G. OLMSTED,
ATTORNEY* k COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
Coudersport, Pa., vriJl attend to ail business
entrusted to his care,, with pro orpines and
.fidelity. Office in Temperance Block, sec
ond iioor, Main St. 10:1
ISAAC BENSON.
ATTORNEY" AT LAYS'. Couderspoit, Pa., will
* n> i u . 1 ness entrusted io him, with
care and promptness. Office corner f West
and Third sts. i<fci
L. P. WILLiSiON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Wellsboro', Tioga Co.,
Pa., will attend the Courts in Potter and
M'&eiwr Counties. 9:13
A. P.. CONE,
ATTORNEY' AT LAW, Wellsboro', Tioga Co..
Pa., will regularly attend the Courts oi
Potter Countv. 9:13
it. W. BENTON,
gCSVfifOR AND (J OX VEYA X(J KII. Ray-
Moud j, ()., Allegany Tp.,j Potior Co., I'a.
will attend to ajj busin-iii iu liij liiu, with
care and dispatch. 9:33
W. K. KING,
SURVEYOR, DRAFTSMAN AND CDN'VEY
AN'CKIi, biucthport, M'Keaii Co., Pa., ivill
attend ta business lor nou-iosid nt land
holder.-', upon reasonable terms. Rule ten
ees given it' reqtnred. P. S.— .\lap' 01 au,
part of the County made to order. 9: is
0. T. ELLISON,
PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudebport, Pa.
respectfully informs the citizens ot the vil
lage and vicinity that h'- will piomplv rcrj
•pond to all cai)s for proiesamuui services.
Office on Main st., in building formerly oc- I
capied by C. W. Kills, Esq. 9:22
C. a. JOXKd. LEWIS MANX. A. F. JONES.
JONES, MANN & JONES,
DEALERS IN DRY GOODS, CROCKERY,
Hardware, Roots A Shoes, Groceries and
Provisions, Main at., Couderrport, Pa.
10:1
COLLINS SMITH. E. A. JONES.
SMITH & JONES,
WAFERS IN DJUJGg, MEDI'JH.ES, PAINTS,
Oils, Fancy Articles, Stationery, Dry Goods,
Groceries, Ac., Mam st., Couderspori, Pa.
10:1.
D. E. OLMSTED,
PEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY-MADE
Clotuing, Crockery, Groceries, <stc„ Main st.,
Coudersport, Pa. lu;l
M. W. MANN,
PEALER IN BOOKS k STATIONERY, MAG
AZINES and Music, N*. W. corner of Main
ad Third sts., Coudersport, Pa, 10:1
XiiTTiAiUUNGTON,
*''* Coudersport, Pa., having engag
ed a window in Schoomakcr & Jackson's
h'-ore will qu the Watch and Jewelry
hoiioeas there. A-line assortment of Jew
*-Ty constantly on hand. Watches and
Jewelry carefully repaired, in the best style,
the shortest notice—all work warranted.
9:24
HENRY J. OLMSTED,
(SCCCKBSOR TO JAMES W. SMITH,)
PEALER IN STOVES, TIN k SHEET IRON
"ARB, Main st,, pearly opposite the Court
house, Coudersport, pa. Tin and Sheet
ron \\ are mac j e t0 order, in goQd stvje, on
ort notice. 'lOrl
COUDERSPORT HOTEL~
M ■ Proprietor, Corner ot
**:n and Second Streets, Coudersport. Pot
cr Co., p a . .; ;44
ALLEGANY HOUSE,
Proprietor, Coles burg,
tur Co., Pa., seven miles north of Cou
er port, on the WeUsville Road. 9:44
Ibltctefc iDftry.
THE COTTAGE HOME~ "
Air— Scsanno.
I dreamed a dream the other night,
When all around was still,
I thought I saw my cottage white,
t 7 pen yon flowery hilL
The grass plat green before the door,
The porch with vines o'ergrown,
Were lovely as they were before,
When that cottage was my own.
Oh, Rumseller,
That home, that home of thine !
That pleasant home, that happy home
That cottage home was mine !
The gravel walk so white and straight,
With flower-banks upon each side,
That led down to the wicket gate,
Where Willy used to ride;
The Locust o'er the path that grew,
The willow boughs that swayed—
All told me with a tale most true,
That there my Mary played.
The silver lake so calm and clear,
Along whose bank 3 I've strayed
So often with my Lucy dear,
To watch the sun-light fade ;
The pearly streams that sweetly run,
The garden iool alcag,
And murmuring fount as bright as then,
All sung the mournful song.
The window towardi the garden gate
That looked out to thg west,
Where that loved being used to wait,
That made that home so blest,
Was clos'd —the sombre curtains hung,
And no lov'd form w.13 there,
Nor voice the evening song that sung,
Nor heard the evening prayer.
Silence hung round that happy home,
Where once so light and free,
My laughing children use to come
And dance upon my knee;
And she who was that home's delight,
la constant beauty shone
Around the cheerful hearth-stone bright—
Now all wa3 still and lone.
Yes, that lored wife has gone ;
In death her heart is bound ;
Her babes are sleeping on her breast,
Beneath yon grassy mound—
And I am wandering lose and Tree,
No master of my will;
My home, my happy home, is changed
To a hut behind the still.
(cboire gratmtg.
Fro.n the National Magazine.
Tiie End of the Rainbow.
In my childhood nothing gave me
greater delight than the rainbow, and
though I have still much pleasure ii.
ageing it, I have lost the juveuile faith
I once had in my ability to find the end
of it.
Many a time have I run across the
pasture that fronted our eastern windows,
frightening the simple sheep iu my baste
to gain the hill top, where I was sure the
rainbow came to the ground, and as often
have been disappointed, but not in the
least disenchanted, tehhaing through the
sun-lit rain I could see it so distinctly,
just a little way before me-—if I could
but climb to the green top of the wood I
; should, without doubt, be able to wrap
i about my head such a beautiful turban
as was iwver iu fact of the
red eud of the rainbow !
It was a harmless fancy, productive of
much childish delight, indeed, causing
me to dream dreams, and see visions that
were beautiful exceedingly; for at .the
end of the rainbow I had no doubt but
that a great bag of gold had a local hab
itation. What 1 should do with such a
treasure puzzled my brain not a little,
and I spent hours forming plans that
were destined never to go into execution.;
In the eour.se of time I eaine to know
that the end of the rainbow was not to
be found on the hill in the sheep pasture,
nor yet in the green top of the woods be
yond; nowhere, in fact, this side of that
gloomy river whose still ferryman we all
dread so much. But I saw, meanwhile,
with sorrowful surprise, men and women
about me who had not outgrown their
childish credulity, yearning and striving
for happiness which this life deaa not
contain, and so shutting up their senses
to its real comforts. To be leaning and
reaching after blessings, is a mistake fa
tal to all blessings; for while they evade
the most diligent search, they come una
wares to those who, in the earnestness of
a good work, are forgetful of them.
to tlje I?n>)cipleg of Ji % qe SetofOiifycjj, tlqe Swtyiifttioiif of ijjofqiitij, 9i)D i^tos.
COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTV, PA., THURSDAY, JULY 2, 1857.
Alas, alas ! we take off our baby gar
ment of faith in imppossibilities, and
hang it ou the wall of truth with great
reluctauee; all of us, and for the most
part indeed, keep it tied and straiued
around us, till, stumbling over some
great, ugly fact, we actually burst out
Of it.
Day after day our thoughts go travel
ling "round afeout this pendent world"
in search of treasures no less fabulous
than the bag of gold at the end of the
rainbow, and night after night they come
hack to us wearied out with the profit
less journey, and we go to bed, less to
have our eyelids touched by "nature's
sweet restorer," than to dream of divin
ing rods, and of "fairies who speak
pearls."
Sabbath after Sabbath our preachers
pray for blessings to be showered down
upon the congregations, till Heaven ex
hausted of patiestee, seals up its hearing,
and the vain words 'beecme a mumble in
the mouths of the petitioners. And no
wonder Heaven is tired of the much say
ing, "God be merciful," and the never
saying, "God be praised."
"La. lie goefh by me, and! see him not: he
passeth on ateo, but I perceive him not.—
Which alone spreadetk out the heavens, and
treadeth upon the waves of the sea. Which
maketh Arcturus, Orion and the Pleiades, and
the chambers of the south. Which doeth
gaeat things, past finrlidg out; yea, and wou
ders without number."
The seasons are his handmaids, and we
say to them, "Ye come only by chance."
Winter lays down at our feet her great
white book, and we give it to the sun
beams to take back, without having writ
ten on its pages, "Our Father who art in
heaven, hallowed be thy name." Spring
plants the ft;rule -valleys with herbs, and
violets, and hollyhocks, and wheat and
corn, with furrows of aeedful waters be
tween, aud we go into barren places and
ask for miracles. Summer sweetens the
air with apple-blossoms and hay-fields,
wild roses and mint, and we call the
far isles to drift to our windows their
spicy odors. The fall comes with new
corn, and yellow pears, and melons, and
red peaches; lighting up all the hills with
the splendor of its woodlauds—calling
the cheerful cricket to the hearth, and
our families to the thanksgiving table,
where we give, really, hut miserable
thanks. We groan out our complaints
to one another of the hardships and trials
of life, and reach down through the bles
sings that surround us like the common
air, to fetch up out of the darkness ail
the disappointments we have had to en
counter—all the crosses we have had to
bear.
Tor my part, I wonder we are not of-;
teuer than we are forced out of the sock
et of accustomed happiness, and made to
feel how more than good God has been
to us,
We sit under the weight of blessings
uutil they become a burden, and suffer
the fruitful branches of our viues to dark
en our understandings till i'rovideuee
breaks theui off in their greenness and
lets in the light.
We greatly more need to pray for wis
dom than happiness; the wild ass's colt
can enjoy, but men and women should be
able to live without happiness, save, in
deed, that best happiness of all that comes
in our conflicts with evil and our victo
ries over it j that steadies up the soul iu
the time of temptation, and finds place
iu the heart that is obedient to God, how
ever crowded with miseries it may be.
If we accustomed ourselves to take up
the realities of life, aud strip them of
their delusions, we should find a great
augmentation of real comfort ; we should
not be making profitless journeys after
the end of the rainbow, as so many of us
are doing now.
We expect too muoh of this world £the
inevitable disappointment chills and dis
courages us, and we say life is not worth
living, The roses we bind up in our
arms have briers among them; tares will
grow up with our wheat, and blight fall
upon our corn; the path of duty will
sometimes grow hard and bare, and pain
that we cannot shoulder aside, fasten it
self upon us as we go along, and our only
hope is to bear it bravely. Sighs and
lamentations are of no avail to lighten
suffering, much less to detach it from
our Bonis, a part of whose inheritance
it is.
Life is indeed a sharp struggle, and
unless we arm ourselves betimes, and bat
tle bravely, we shall be borne down.—
Outside of ourselves, and the strength
that flows into our souls through Divine
truth, there is little help for us. We
must not be so much looking for some
thing on which to lean, as learning to
stand alone. Who can say to our con
sciences, be still? Who can help us
through death, or answer for us at the
judgement?
Beauty, and honor, and authority, may
be stripped from us at any moment, and
our ,poor selves be left naked and helpless,
unless nothing shall be able to divide us
from that searching light that shines up
over the steep sides of the pit. With
all the beauty of its springtimes, the glo
ry of it 3 harvest, and the splendor of its
; winters; with all the delights of its court
| ships, the joy of its marriages, and the
! comfort of its homes, earth is not heaven,
: and rainbows cannot be set over our lin
tels as they are in the clouds.
But while this knowledge presses upon
us from every side, we shut up our un
derstandings against it, and think when
we have hidden ear eyes that we have
destroyed the sunshine, or the plaguespot,
as the case may be.
It i.s well to keep before us a cheerful
day star of hope, to trust to our friends
to visit us when we are sick, to clothe u?
when we are naked, and to bury us when
we die, but never to weaken this reason
able trust by impositions on their kind-;
ness while we are able to help ourselves.;
It is well to cherish a healthful faith in ;
the protection of Providence, and ex
tremely foolish to weaken it by going af
ter soothsayers, or cheating ourselves in
to the belief that the red shadow of the
evening is aauther sunrise, or the patch j
of millet ou the next hill-side is the bag j
of gold at the end of the rainbow
TH£GHEATWES r l\~
LETTER FROM lOWA.
Apologetic —The Business of St Louis—!
Effect of the Emancipation Movement j
Towns on the Misissippi— Their Ra-j
picl Growth —St. Charles Market—Be
Contented in Little Potter.
[Correspondence of the Potter Journal. 1
ST. CHARLES, lowa, Mar 23, 1857.
FRIEND 31ANN—When at Cincinnati I
wrote you that I would give you an occa
sional inkling. I intended to have writ-
I
ten from St. Louis, in Missouri, but 1
was taken sick, and was not able to until
I left that place.
St. Louis is a large plaee, and at pres
ent the most extensive in business op
erations of any of the western cities. —
During my three days stay in the place
the steamboats'were crowded to the wharf
stern foremost, side by side for a mile or
more ia extent, loading, and unloading;
the streets a perfect crowd of men and
teams, mostly mule teams, fronting the
wharf, the street 10 or 12 rods wide and
much of the time stowed with goods and
articles of commerce so that teams could
with difficulty pass. Had not 3iissouri
been bound by the curse of Slavery, it
wouldj have been one of the foremost of
the western states. Its natural facilities
and local advantages are second to none;
the mineral resources, the mildness of the
climate, the fertility of soil, the health
fulness of its population have all been in
its favor, yet there is no free state where
real estate sella as low as it does in that.
Farms can be bought in that state, with
good soil, in good fruit growing district,
under good cultivation, for less money
i than the buildings and other iinprov
ments can be made for. The people in
| the state are begining to understand their
position and to realize that shivery is the
great clog that holds them behind the
freee states. As sure as self interest is
| the main-spring of action, so sure Mis
souri will abolish slavery, and the free
| state men say within five years; but per
: haps not so soon as that; but ten years
is enough to put the time for the state to
become free.
The emigration to Kansas is beyond
calculation. I saw a statement in one of
the western papers putting the free state
enimigration for the present year to that
territory, at seventy thousand. I will
give a discription of this part of the great
west. I left the Mssisippi at Dubuque,
and before I proceed, I will say there are
many flourishing towns on the river. I
will only mention a few of them, Qoiney,
on the Illinois side, is a beautiful town,
surrounded by a beautiful country. Among
others, Iveokuk, Burlington, Muscatine
and Dubuque, all of which would take
those accustomed to the progress of Penn
sylvania by. surprise; although I had
calculated the growth to be fast, they far
surpassed my calculations. The celebra
ted Mormon city of Nauvoo is dead. It
remains just a3 they left it, except the
destruction, by fire, of the great Temple,
whose blackened walls remain just as the
fire left them. The large three story ho
tel cnmmencedby the Mormons, built of
brick, remains without " a reof just as
ahey left it, and many other buildings
are in the same unfinished state. Du
buque County in lowa, a part of the
lead region, after leaving the river, is
broken with ravines and small bluffs un
till about 10 miles back, when it becomes
more level, and finally becomes a. vast ex
pause of beautiful prairie, with very little
timber iu sight and that a very light growth
of grove timber, without a tree large
enough for a saw log. The soil is various
—some sandy, some loom, some low aud
wet, but all blaek, and where cultivated
produces heavy crops of wheat, corn, po
tatoes, and finally most of the crops neces
sary for comfort. Fruit tree culture, as
fir as tried where I have travleed, has
been a failure; the winters prove too hard
for the trees. As near as I cau learn, our
Potter county winter before In st was a
fair sample of their lowa winters as far
north as this latitude; its southern part
is much warmer.
The time to make fortunes by removal
to the west has, in my opinion, passed.
People in general immigrating from the
east have little knowledge of the difficulty
in procuring land. The western lands
have mostly been subject to auction sales,
and have passed into the hands of specu
lators, and prairie landsheld at 85 to §2O per
acre, timbered from §lO to §25. I will
suppose a matter of fact case: an immi
grant from the east finds government
land. Well, he wants prairie, of course,
and if he gets land he can only get prai
rie (for all the timber is bought up fifty
miles ahead of civilization); well, he
must buy timber, and pay at least §lO
per acre for it, and of course he wants
something tho live in, (to say nothing
about a comfortable home). Well, per
haps the nearest timber he can find to be
bought is from one to five miles off, and
the poor lumber they have here co3ts from
§2O to §25 dollars per 31 ft. Now how
long must it take to get a house to live
in, and the cost of building, all consider
ed, makes it hard for the inhabitants of
this region. One thing is favorable, good
quarries of stone are abundant, mostly
lime.
PRICES AT ST. CHARLES. —Wheat,
§1,50 bushel; Corn, §l,OO bushel;
Hams, 25 cts. lb ; Flour, §1,50
ewt.; Potatoes, §1,50 bushel; Prairie
llay, (the only kind in market) §lO
ton; Beans, §4,00 bushel; Groceries
at corresponding priess; Oxen, from §lOO
to §l5O qjf pair ; Cows, from §3O to §5O
each; good Horses, §2OO @ §250.
1 have but little more room; just enough
to say to the citizens of Potter who are
doing well, to be contented before they
venture to try uncertainties of the West.
I find the farming community are far be
hind the villages; the land is 9-10 of it
in the hands of speculator*, and the in
habitants too far apart for schools; not
over one acre out of 200 is cultivated, in
the five or six counties through which I
have passed, and that is a fair specimen
of northern lowa.
When I lind something of sufficient
interest in my travels I will write again.
My next travels will be through northern
Wisconsin and Minnesota. By-the-bye
I wil say that the Indian difficulties at
Spirit Lake are of no very great extent. —
It is believed no more difficulties will be
experienced. The inhabitants are return
ing to their homes on the Blue Earth
{ FOUR CENTS.
TERMS.--$1,25 PER ANNUM,
River and other places near the seat of
troubles. Although so near the place of
troubles, no reliable evidence can be had
of the extent of Indian depredations, but
it is generally admitted that the whites
were the first aggressors. S. P.
For the Journal.
HUMPHREY CENTER N. Y.)
June 15th, 1857. )
MR. EDITOR. —The first number of the
Potter JOURNAL lies just arrived at my
new home in the state of N. Y., among the
Republican hills of Cattaraugus and its
appearance sent a thrill of joy through
the family equal to the return of a long
absent friend; and as to the future course
of the Journal, (of which the past is a re
commendation to all lovers ofFreedoni)l
3ee it was be iudependent of the opinions
of the learned Supreme Judges of the
United States or more properly speaking
Judges ef the Sourthern States or Joint
heir with Douglass Stringfellow &c.
The "Dred Scott decision" has caused
quite a sensation in this part and not a
lew of the southern democracy here say
they will bow no longer to the God of the
South (slavery) nor pay tribute to the
"Cincinnati! Platform." And I think if
the "Black flag of Ulysses"—was sent here
bearing the inscription "Buchanan, Breck
enridge and free Kansas," it would not re
deem them, save the Union, or preserve
their "Ostend Manifesto." But such
hand bills .as were printed to gull the most
ignorent is a fair sample of the party that
scattered them broodcast throughout the
land dedicated to Freedom but consecrated
to slavery. But let them fuse—they are
like the poisonous reptile that will sting
itself until it dies.
But friends, my being a resident of N.
T. does not prevent me from being a
friend and well wisher of little Potter and
her republican principles and I feel that
a few words from a non resident will not
come amiss if it is not so well spoken yet
it comes from a true heart aud one that
will not waver when southern threatening
or northern doughfaceism is crying the
"Union will bust if you vote against us."
I generally say let it bust and deposit my
vote. Potter County is looked upon in this
section as a star of the first magnitude in
Pennsylvania and one whose "Spartan
Baud" is worthy of imitation by places of
larger note, but friends let the cry be
Down with Slaveoerocy and doughfaceism
of the North and remember Bunker hill,
Concord and Lexington. Rush on the re
publican car of Liberty until its wheela
shall crush out every vestige and stain of
slavery, the curse of an enlightened com
munity, and a bye-word and reproach upon
Free America. J. L. W.
—A PENNSYLVANIA EDITOR saya that
marriage has broke out in his neighbor
hood and that it is spreading with fright
ful virulence all over the northern end of
the county, carrying off hundreds of his
subscribers. Hundreds of cases, he says,
have come under his observation, all of
them hopeless—once seized, the victim u
a case; the only thing that can be done is
to call in a clergyman to prepare him for
hi 3 fate. Having had the complaint be
fore is no protection against it. A widow
who had caughi it years before, and was
recovering from its effects suffered a re
lapse and is now lost beyond recovery.—
She has married a second time.
NEWSPAPER POSTAGE —The Post
Master General has recently decided that
bona fide subscribers to weekly newspa
pers can receive the same free of postage
if they reside in the county in which the
paper Is printed and published, even if
the office to which the paper is sent ie
without the county, provided it is the of
fice at which they regularly receive their
mail matter. This will be an item of in
terest to subscribers living near county
lines.
fiSrllave you got a sister? Then love
and cherish her with a holy friendship.—
War nock.
If you have no sister of your own wo
advise you to love somebody else's sister.
—Bardtoicn Gazette.
I® o*An 0 *An infamous old bachelor beinv
asked if he had ever witnessed a publ •
execution, replied 'No, but I oucc saw a
! marriage.'

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