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The Potter journal. [volume] (Coudersport, Pa.) 1857-1872, September 03, 1857, Image 1

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FOBLua-u £F£RY THCHSDiY xoaxufo, BY
Tlios. S. Chase,
To *ho:n a.l Letters and Communications j
should b? addrcised. to 3ecure attention.
Terms—lnvariably In AdTaoce: j
$l/23 per Annum,
Terms ol' Advertising*.
1 Square [lO lines] 1 insertion, - - - 50 i
I • 3 44 -- - $1 50!
La h subsequent insertion less than 13, 25
1 iquare t'-ree month?, ------- 250
1 "Sit 4 00
\ " nine 44 ....... 650
1 " one year, ....... 6 ob '
Bale and work, per *q., 3 Ics. 3 00 I
•i very tubseqtient insertion, ----- 50 !
. Coltum* s:x oionihs, ------- 18 0u!
i 44 41 44 i 10 00
j 44 44 44 - - 700
I 44 per Year, 30 00
j 44 44 44 Hoo'
AJm niJtrator's or executor's Notice, 200 j
A *Jitor' Notices, each, ------- 150 :
bacritr* S!cs, per tract, ------ 160 >
Marring" Notices, each, ----- -- 100
H i- iiaj or Fmfesiiona! Carda, each,
nit deeding 8 1 nes, per rear, - - 500
S >• cis! an J Editorial Notices, per line, 10 j
jfcsjTAll transient advertisements must be j
pkd .a a ivauce, and uo notice will be taken ;
<, 1 ■ erlis#iaent tioin a distance, unless they !
*-c fc.ci upanicd by the tuyuev or satisfactory j
rrfvi cuce.
I?usiiifss Partis. ;
Coaderiport. Fa.. will attend the several
t ourts iu I'o'.ter and M'Kean Counties. All j
b .s.ii. • entrusted in his care will receive !
prompt attention. Office on Main st., oppo- ;
site the Court House. 10:1 I
r w KNOX> i
.ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport. Pa., will :
regularly attend the Courts in Cotter and
ibe adjoining Counties. 10:1
Coudersport. i'a., will attend to ail business i
•lltrusted to his care, with piompines and
fidelity. Office in Temperance Block, sec-!
uud iloor, Main St. 10:1 !
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Coudersport, Pi., will |
altt-ni to all business entrusted to hitu, with
i are and promptness. Office corner of West {
au l Third sts. 10:1 i
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Weilsboro', Tioga Co., {
*'* . w ill attend the Courts in Potter and
it Kutu Counties. 9:13
AT TORN' k" V AT LAW". Weilsboro'. Tioga Co . I
i'a., will regularly attend the Courts > j
Pu.Usr Cuuuty. 9:13 !
Moud I'. 0., (Allegany Tj..) Potter Co., Pa.. ;
will attend to nil business in his line, with;'
care and dispatch. 2:33
ANCER, Sjmeihport. M'Keuu Co.. i'a.. will 1
attend to business for non-resident lend-:
kwiders, reajoaabie terms. ilcfcuu;-,
eog givi,n if required. P. S.—Maps of any ;
part ot the County made to order. 9:13 j
I'RAI Tlt.TN'O! PHYSICIAN", Coudersport, Pa.,
respectfully iuforuis the citizens ot the vil
lage aud vicinity that he will proiuply re-;
•puud to all oalU lor professional set vices. •;
t'ffice ca Maiu st.. in building formerly oc- j
cupied by C. W. Ellis, Esq. 9:22 j
t. 8. JOSKS. Lswrts MiVV. A. P. JOKES.
Hardware, lionti A Shoes, Groceries and
Provisions, Main St., Coudersport, Pa.
10:1 !
U:l!, Fancy Articles, Stationery. Dry Goods,
(liocertcs, Ac., Main St., Coudersport. Pa.
Clo'.hiiig. Crockery, Groceries, Ac., Main st.,
t oudersport. Pa. lb: I ;
.1,/jNES find Mmic, N. W. corner of Md.n
aud Third FU., Coudersport, Pa. 10:1
yBWRI.LKU, Couiler-port, Pa., having etigag-J
nl k window in Schooutak - r A Jackaon sj
SlO'r will cajry on the Watch and Jewelry;
busictFF there. A fine assortment of Jew-;
•Iry constantly ou hand. Watches and,
Jewelry carefully repaired, in the best styi ;
oi* the shortest notice —all work warranted. 1
9:24 i
WARE, Main St., nearly opposite the Court
House. Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet •
Iron Ware made to order, in gooil style, on;
thon notice. 10:1
D F. GLASSMIRE. Proprietor, Corner ofi
Main and Second Streets, Coudersport. Pot- j
tr Co.. Pa. 9:14
HA.MUKL M. MILLS, Proprietor. Colesburg,
Potter Co., Pa.. aeYen rriile r.oith of t.'ou-
on th" WelDv'ile Road. 9:14
ug mm,* w—M IWII ■i t lII. 1 ■ift.nn ■ at; Jim*- Tm ■!' Mini ■ riMliß mm mm I r ■ _ ~ 1 •-•-
Trom the New York Dispatch.
Two bashfal lovers sal one night
Within a grape-vine bovccr. Full bright
The moonbeams were. The twinkling stars
Cast over earth their golden bars.
Upon the river's silent breast
A copy of the sky was prcst;
While on the green leaves of the trocs
Danced the light spirits of the breeze.
| Ail sounds were hushed, save where some boys
I At "hide and seek,'' were making noise ;
And save where, sleeping in her pen,
A Miss Hog gruated uow and then.
Charmed by such scenes and 'gp'.nds, they wove
Within tha. bower the woof of love ;
Within thrt bower the smacking kiss
! Was heard ; and sighs which spoke of bliss.
■ "Ltear Jane,'' said he. "d-de-ur Jane
i want tu 3-3-3?.y —'lis vain
P-p-perhap3; but ne'erthelcss
| Will you—O. may-be you will guess
What I—w-w-what I would say.
Will yon be mine ? Say. yes. I pray."
L'onn fell the blessed maiden's head.
And though she trembled, still she said,
■U, dearest Thomas, since you've popped— !
Since from your loving lips has dropped
i The question—may be you can guess
: My short response : 'tis yes—'tis yes I"
i And even as she said that woid
The roosters as by impulse stirred.
Flapped hard their wings and loudly crew
I While through the arbor soft winds blew ; j
E'en Miss Hog turned around once more,
Gave one long grunt and one long snore ;
! While the old watch dog said, "bow-wow," j
And Fornc oid tom-cat said, "ine-yow."
i Thus when, the question is let out
A -rumpus' is 'kicked up' 'about';
And cats, dog*, roosters—all creation
Give one immense congratulation.
T—fc———■ i m\_ i
From the Boston Evening News Letter.
Excavations in a Mound of Old
Political Kclics.
SON IN 1804.
Massachusetts Votes for a
Democratic Presiclent-When
will she again ?
From the Boston Repertory, Xov. t', 1801.
To an impartial spectator of passing I
events, tho movement of political tactions
in a free government are always objects ;
of curious and interesting speculation.—
In countries approaching so near a dein- 1
ocraey as these United States, it must er-'
er be the primary objects of the leaders!
of party to court the favour of the peo
ple. 'i here arc two modes of accomplish
ing this with success, one of v.hich con-;
sists in rendering real service to the pub
lick, and the other by professing extra
ordinary solicitude for the people, by
; flattering their prejudice?, by ministering i
j to their passions, and by humouring their'
; transient and changeable opinions. These
two processes for the attainment of the!
same object, are scarcely ever combined
| together, and as the ambitious and aspir
jing must universally be impelled to aim j
•at the end, so the choice of the means
i takes its complexion from the individual
! character of every candidate for power
through popularity. I n times of national
diSiculty and distress, when the service
of the publick is a service of danger and
of toil, when DEEDS are the only test of
attachment to the Country, and mere
words are esteemed at their proper worth,
the PATRIOT IJY ACTION, generally ob
tains the ascendency; but in days of
peace and tranquility, when the duties of
publick life, are little more than a rou
tine, when honour without peril, and prof
it without sacrifice is the result of pub
! lick employment, then the PATRIOT BY
PROFESSION takes las turn, aud often
; boars away the palm from his more re
! served and unassuming competitor.
This distinction between the patriot by
PROI.ESSION and the patriot by ACTION,
: could not bettor be illustrated than iu the
| contrast between the struggle for a Gon
; oral Ticket, upon which in my late nuni
bcrk 1 have animadverted, aud the effort
of the same party in opposition to 31 r.
Ely's motion. We have seen on the for
mer occasion, great profession* of regard
for the PEOPLE. We have seen a major
ity in the Legislature, undertaking to say
that the people preferred election by Dis
tricts, because they preferred it them
selves, and formally assigning this pref
erence of the people, as one of the con
clusive reasons for theirs wheu the peo
ple had never manifested, and probably
never entertained any such sentiment. —
| Thjs \y;ts patriotism by profession. The
; protesters take for granted, that the peo
ple like their project best, and then make
a merit of advocating it for that reason.
: When Mr. Ely brought forward this mo.
tion, the object of which was to render
I the people a real service, a great and im
| port ant service, then the 4*' flaming WORDY
seboiCi3 iv? lije t'hffMplds of ji*ue SetyojftfCjj, of iiVcraiibj, gnD ?j(etos.
patriots lost all their zeal, and instead of!
supporting it with that genuine devotion
1 1 to the interests of the people, which they
had so recently trumpeted abroad, either
slunk from the discharge of their duty, I
aud their vote as Legislators, or attempt
ed to check by insidious amendment, or
by open opposition a measure of the deep
est moment to the welfare of the people.
The reasons upon which are grounded!
the instructions, for which Mr. Ely mov-j
ed, ere so strong and so indis
| putable, that no direct answer to them
, had been attempted either in the Legis
■laturh, or in the newspaper speculations'
• which have appeared on i lie subject.—
The rule of representation prescribed bv
' the Constitution of the United States is
| universally admitted to be UNEQUAL, and
when combined with the practice under
the Constitui ion ij oppressive and on ail
States holding a few or no slaves. At
present the people of the United States,
consist of two classes. A privileged or
der of slave-holding Lords, and a race of
jaieu degraded to a lower station, merely'
because they are not slave-holders. Kv
'ery planter South of the I'otomack, has
I one vote for himself, and J votes in effect
;f.r every 5 slaves he keeps iu bondage;
{while a New England farmer, who cou
: tributes tenfold as much to the support 1
! of the government, has only a single vote
| —our share of representation is only pro
portionate to numbeis, their share is in
! the same proportion of numbers, and their
! property is represented besides. At the
time when the Constitution was formed
■ this provision was admitted on the ground
that the burden of taxation should be ap
portioned to the benefit of representation.
! The experience of fifteen year 3 however
I has proved the e-nour of these caleula
;tioH.s. The experience of fifteen years;
I has proved that four fifths ot the bur
dens of this government must be sup
ported by the States, which hive no rep
resentation for slaves. The benefits
pledged to us, as a compensation for in
adequate taxation is not secured to us; —
we are doublv taxed, and they are doub
ly represented.
The necessary consequence of this has
been the loss of all our weight aud iuflu
i cnee in the Councils of the Union. It is
{a fact well ascertained that the exces-s of
| Southern Representation decided the fate
Jof the last election for President and
| Vice president of the United States; the
( same event mu*t inevitably follow cverv
i contest in which the interests of the
! North and those of the South shall he at
; variance. While the present system of
representation continues, an even balance
j in the National Councils must not be ex
pected. The .slave representation like
j the sword of l'vennus, will forever be
j thrown into the Southern scale, and must
; forever make our's kick the beam.
Iu a moral and political view, this rep
resentation of the slaves is alike objec
tionable. The number of those misera
ble beings already existing in some Stutra
is such a? to occasion the most sorb us
alarm in all humane and thinking minds.
1 Mr. Jefferson has said that the populace
!of large cities, no more add strength to
the body politick, than sores to the natu
ral body. If this comparison be just the
slaves of our Southern neigbors are ab
scesses of the deepest and most dinger
jous matter to our national body. in
stead of strength they are distemper,
I which if it cannot be eradicated, ought
|at least not to be fostered and stimula
ted. By allowing representation for
slaves, we encourage and reward the in-,
famous trafiiek of human flesh; .and ac
cordingly we find that although at one
period this trafiiek was prohibited in all
our states, yet the temptation to allow it
has already overpowered every other con
sideration in South Carolina, and she has
I opened her ports to that disgraceful
it will not be necessary at this day to
- prove that in the eye of morality this pur
chase and sale of man, is criminal. Ihe
i laws of the United States have long since
- declared it so, and as such it is prohibit
ed to every citizen of the I nited States
' on the severest penallic,-. Thus the Con
, stitutiou instigates and urges the South
kern States to that which the laws pun
-Ehas a crime. It makes the highest
- privilege of freemen, the purchase of ac
' cumulated slavery. It says to the North
. eru and navigating States, you shall not
-; trade in slaves. 1 f you do your ships and
i their cargoes shall be confiscated, your
- estates shall lis ruined by tines, and your
' persons shall be buried in dungeons, and
- at the same breath it says to the South
ern States deal in slaves—multiply the
- fetters of yci;!* bondage, aud fur every
- five victims of avarice and cruelty,
- you import within your territories, you
shall have au increase of three votes to
- wards composing the legislative and ex
i'eoutive authorities of the nation. For in
- the very same act it offers n bounty to
Done citizen, wliile it brandishes the
. {scourge o\ er another. Can anything be
! more inhuman 1 Can any thing be more
r absurd?
Thus in whatever point of view we,
f contemplate this provision iu the Coti-
stitiuion, whether as moralists, as politi-j
ciaus, or as citizens, it calls aloud for:
amendment. Yet in the legislative of
j Massachusetts itself were found men, who j
I made the most formal and pointed oppo- i
! sition against a fair, and Constitutional i
| attempt to obtain this amendment. And
what were the arguments they ailedged ;
They were worthy of the cause in which
they were advanced.
, They said, that it might perhaps give
| offence to A irginia, and the slave-holding
States, and thus endanger the existence
' of the Union.
But surely propositions of amendment
, to the Constitution can give no offence to
' those States whoso most influential char
acters have been and still are clamorous i
for amendments much more calculated to
strike at the existence of the Union —who
arc continually telling us that the Con
stitution not only permits, but invites 1
proposals of amendment—who have just
accomplished one, which they deemed
.essential to the increase of their own pow j
er. and who have announced theiv deter
mination to accomplish others, still more :
contraraint to the principles upon which
the compact was originally settled.
This fear of giving offence, by the ex
ercise of an indisputable light, under the
sanction of every inducement which jus-j
tiee, humanity and liberty can inspire,,
is a motive which ought not to be urged j
upon freemen. It is an appeal to weak
ness—a plea to cowardice —an argument
ht only for slaves to utter and to hear.—
II discovers amir.d prepared for every
degree of submission. 11 is the language
of a negro driver on a plantation to the
wretches, who tr mble under his lash—
but it can find no accessible corner iu the
heart of a New England farmer.
The pretence of danger to the Union,
cannot be credited by those who raise it. '
The amendment when proposed in Cou- j
gross, will be adopted or rejected. If I
adopted, it will have a greate: tendency
to cement and perpetuate the Union than !
any tiling that has occurred since the
adoption of the Constitution itself. If;
'rejected, its friends will undoubtedly
Submit to the Constitutional decision,!
and wait until tlie progress of reason shall ;
produce a state of things more favourable j
to the purposes of Justice. Of the
seventeeu States there are only five!
whose representation is increased by thel
slaves they hold. Twelve states there
fore have a periuauient and decisive in- :
tercst. which must unite them eventual-j
!y in wiping away this national scandal.
Of the live whose number of members
would be reduced by the amendment.'
Ueorgia would lose but one member and
North Carolina only two. The RELA
TIVE weight of these two States would
therefore rather be raised than depressed '
bv the exchange, and their interest will
concur with that of the twelve. Even
in Virginia, the inhabitants beyond the
mountains, who constitute a majority of
the freemen, iu that Commonwealth,
would gain rather than lose iu their pro-;
portion of the representation ; so that 1
when once the voice of solid and uudoni- !
able INTEREST, concurring with those,
, of honour, and Republican principle shall
cease to be stifled by the deafening din
of party spirit, there can bo no doubt but
that the amendment will prevail. This
Consideration will naturally lead the
friends of the measure to pursue it at ;
once with temper and perseverance. Per-'
suaded that the Union is the first of!
political blessings to every part of these
.States, they wili never be inclined to!
hazard it for any subordinate cousidera- j
tion, at the same time, assured that the
more firmly its foundations arc fixed on ;
the foundations of freedom, equal rights, j
the more solid and thorough will be the:
fabrick, they will not relax their mild;
but determined exertions until the l;on-j
curable object for which they contend j
shall be attained.
But it was asserted that wiicn the
Constitution was debated iu the State
Convention this very article was warmly
advocated by the most • distinguished j
character, in that body, who advocated
its adoption.
It must be remembered that the Con
stitution was then an untried experiment.;
every one of the important States iu the
Union, was divided almost equally on the
propriety of adopting it at all. Iu the
Massachusetts convention the vote of;
adoption was carried only by a majority
of eighteen in three hundred and seventy
members. Those who on the main ques
tion were for the rejection of the instru
ment, ot course raised every possible ob-;
jection of detail which their ingenuity
eould devise; and they who conceived it
of the utmost importance upon the whole
that it should be adopted were often cal
led upon to justify or palliate sections
which separately considered might have
been highly objectionable to themselves.
1 How the government would operate in
' practice was necessarily conjectural; and
■ they whose hopes were chiefly founded
• upon the result of tha WHOLE system,
naturally became sanguine in their ex
' lactations of advantage from particular
■ parts.
| The ground upon which this para
graph was supported by the federalists
in the Massschutetts "Convention was,
: that it sanctioned the principle of mak
i ing representation and taxation so hand
jiu hand. The objections against it were
I that the negroes would not be taxed
enough, for this proportion, and it was
compared with the mode established iu
the old confederation of raising quotas in
proportion to the land surveyed aud im
provements. The inequality of repre
sentation, resulting from this article, was
not loreseen; uo objection of that nature
was raised. It has arisen from the uon
! execution ofthat part of it which favours
us —THE TAXATION, while the part
'which favours our Southern States, THE
REPRESENTATION, is carried iuto fu'l ef-|
iect. Both parties took it for granted
I that as we . should be represented, so
{should be taxed. The practice of the
Constitution ha? proved otherwise. Iu
the course of fifteen years the direct tax
has been resorted to ouly onee, anil then
was paid ineffectually or not at ail by the
Slave-holding States. The Treasury has
not received a dollar of this tax from
South Carolina or Georgia, and several
others of those States are great default
ers iu that payment.
From tht Repertory, Xov. 13. 1304
Ihere is no doubt but the electorial
ticket supported by the democrats will
prevail iu Massachusetts. Whatever
may be thought of our siguluritv, we
must confess tHat we are neither surpris
ed nor mortified at the event We have
long been of the opinion that there is
; more than one half of any community
who can never duly appreciate theoretick
j truths. Good governments grow out of
; experience alone. Those who are verg
ing to the grave may well wish that the
! evil day might yet, for a time, be suspen
ded : that they might rest with their
lathers before the horrid process of ex
perimental instruction commences. But
those who indulge the expectation of a
J course of years cannot wish to avert a
scene, which MUST ere long ensue.
We do not, however, yet relinquish our
confidence iu the durability of our STATE
government. The affairs of u uation are
understood but by a small portion in any
{ country. The mass of citizens are not
{convinced of mal-administration, until
they are finally roused by its effects; and
a nation's character may become contempt
able abroad, the government corrupt at
home and the barriers of civil liberty bo j
sappeu to their foundation, long before
these effects will be sufficiently striking
to be generally realized. The principle
agents in the work of destruction are re
mote aud their characters unknown to
the many. The impostures of an alert
and wickerl faction can therefore be prac
ticed with success.
But in our state government it is dif
ferent, and the intrigues of the unprinci
pled arc not so easily effected. Those,
1 who would wish to revolutionize that
'system of state administration, under
'which we have so long enjoyed peace
j and prosperity, in all our personal con
: TERS. It is only necessary to expose
. their names aud they themselves are
ashamed. The tools whom they enlist
in their infernal employment, as the
| most active and violent, are known to be
the pests of civil society; and while there
is a majority in this commonwealth who
. have any thing to secure, it is scarcely
• probible they will wantonly sacrifice
j themselves to a set of vultures, who al
' ready begin to talk of confiscation.

NEAT PEOPLE.—A traveller -out west'
{gives the following a? his experience of
neatness, which is rather funny :
i We always did like neat people. We al
• way- did cherish a kind of tender feeling for
• all neat women. F.nt we never were really
••struck' by one until last week, and the way
, was this : We were "out west" a few miles,
; and got belated : looked for a place to stay
' over night: found a cabin ; asked if we could
be accommodated, and a tail woman, with
freckled face, red hair, buffalo skin moccasins,
{ buck-skin dress and a baby, said she "reck
oned we ni'jiit."
Wr got off our horse-" hitched them to a
cotton wood corn-crib and went in. We asked
for some supper. We got some bacon, molas
ses. broiled pumpkins and corn dodger. Wc
ate heartily.
After meal was passed, the woman said to
the oldest girl: "Now, Doddy Jane, you have
jist got to keep that old slut and them ere pup*
from sleepin iu this ere meal-box any longer.
In uiakin' thD stranger's cornbread, I was jist
naturally pestered to desth pickin the small
; hairs and dead licas out of it. that cauie oil
from thoui pesky dogs : and if they sleep in it
a week longer it won't be fit to use."
We were in love with that woman on ac
count of her neatness. And that evening we
' laid down upon the rough hewn floor and had
i pleasant dreams. Ghostly flees were hopping
. j about through our corporal diversities, ami
: spectra sluts, with goblin pup?, danced before
us in boxes of unearthly meal, during the
livelong night; and our great-grandfather sal
i straddle of us six hours, aud with a ramrod to
[! a six pounder cannon, stuffed cords of that
I neatly prepared corn dodger down our unwill
ing throats, and whistled all the time for thf
| dogs, while the baby and its tidy mother s?i
sby end wr.p* fjr the deputing "uof cake. "A*
1 lik r : toattfss.
| gelnlrt ffftectltoinj.
Gouon, in hi 3 English engagements,
receives §5O a lecture, nettiug by the
three years' tour —six hundred lectures—
the handsome sum of 830,000.
SOME eloquent scholar, defending the
study of Greek and Roman literature, say a
it was the ark in which the world's civil
ization was preserved duriug the deluge
of barbarism.
As author of a love story, in describ
ing his heroine, says : ''lnnocence dwells
in the dark clusters of her hair.'' A wag
gish editor suggests that a fine tooth
comb would bring it out.
I FOR half a century, it is said, no boat
or ship has passed Mount Veruou, where
lies the illustrious dead, without toiling
the bell while passing the sacred shades.
'•Tis the Mecca of the States."
MR. MASON, our Minister to France,
the same who was rebuked for putting hw
arm around the back of the Empress's
chair, requests leave it is said, to remaiu
in Paris until he can pay his debts thcr*
tout of his salary. _.
A fashionable city lady, whilst in the
country, a short tiuiesiuc : uquired—
What are those auiuials with powder
horns growiug out of their oars?" M
though it were uot geuteel for a female
to know a cow!
ONE of the sox writes rather spicily,
" that though a few American ladies liva
!in idleness, or worse thau idleness, the
: majority aa yot work themselves into
eavly graves, giving men an oppertuuitv
to try two or three in the course of their
• own vigorous lives !"
No DOUBT OP IT. —The Richmond
rtr makes au open breast and de
clares : "For our own part, we have no
; hesitation in expressing the opinion that
every governor who has been sent to
Kansas has been instructed to act always
with especial partiality to the South." '
LEARNING and kuowing are two things,
i 'Didn't you know the earth is round V
inquired a tc-acher of a wonderiug little
girl, who had been through and through
the Geography, like a needle through a
;seatn; 'Why, no,' said she, 4 I learned it
a groat while ago, but I never kiuw it
till now "
A gentleman once conversing in the
society of a company of ladies and criti
eicing rather severely the waut of per
sonal beauty iu other ladies of their a*!-"
j quaintance, remarked—
" They are the ugliest women I know;"
and then with an extraordinarv poluo
ness, added "present company always ex
a letter from London, published in 770j
•South Carolinian, occurs the following
tribute to the present representative of
this country at the Court of St. James :
"It gives me real pleasure to know
that Mr. Dallas repudiates him (Senator
I Sumner) utterly. i assert this ou ray
owu knowledge."
CAL LITE.—On last Saturday Judge
; Courad sentenced a man named Rump to
prison for two years and eight months,
for the perpetration of frauds by which
James Buchanan was elected to the
Presidency last Fall. Mr Buchanan now
occupies the White House at Washington,
and Rump is domiciled in the cell at
Moyamensing!— Phi la. Bulletin, Aug. 24.
! "DAD, if I was to see a duck on the
. wing and was to shoot it, Would you lick
"Oh no, my sou. it show 3 you are a
• good marksman, and I would feel proud
j of you."
"Well then, dad, I peppered our old
drake as lie was flying over the fence to
• day. and it would have done you good to
see him drop."
IT is estimated that the production of
i wheat this year in the West, will be 20,
' 000.000 bushels greater than it wan iu
• 1850, which shows au advance iu propor
tion of about titty-livc per cent. Popu-
L lation has increased about thirty five per
1 cent, which will allow about twenty per
- cent, more for export than in 1850. —
• The increase of the corn crop is only
about equal to the increase of population.
- NATURE OP THE SUN.—The most re
f cent observations confirm the supposition
1 that the Sun is a black, opaque body,
I with a luminous and incandescent atmos
f phere, through which the solar body is
I I often seen in black spots, frequently of
enormous dimensions. A single spot,
~ seen with the naked eye iu the year 1843,
i was 77,000 miles in diameter. Sir John
p Herscliel, in 1537, witnessed a cluster of
spots including an area of 3,480,000
miles. The diameter of the sun is 770,
, 800 geographical miles, or 112 times that
0;of the earth; its volume is 1,307,124
t times that of the earth, and GOO times
-■that of all the planets; and its mass is
150,551 times greater than the earth's,
, and 738 times greater thau all the
pit net?.

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