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Old Aire in € iiicitiiiall.
From our Special Correspondent. CINCINNATI, Feb. 13, 1861. F&IKND CHASE —As the citizens of Potter, by a very decided majority, hidp i-d to elect Abraham Lincoln to the Pres idency of the United States, and as he has left his home in Springville, 111., en route fur the federal Capital, to assume the responibility of the r.foresaid office, and as he honored this Burgh with his pres ence yesterday in compliance with an in vitation extended to him by our City l athers some ten days since—and as I have a leisure hour I dun't mi ml telling you and your readers—most of whom will he interested in the subject—something of what was done and said by the people of this neighborhood, and how " 01' iabe" looked and acted and what he said on that 'portant 'cnslon. The preparations for the reception of the President elect, not only bv the vari ous Committees of the Council, CIVIC and Military Societies, but by private citizens fur the last few days, evinced the great respect for the Constiution and the laws which is here felt by the entire peofle, irrespective of party. The whole Deople MCTNED to rejoice in the occasion offering itself where they could by actions (which you know are said to speak louder than words.) show their deep conviction of the sacred democratic truth , that the verdict tf a free people at a fair election must be held inviolate. Mr. Lincoln was fairly elected to the Chief Magistracy by a par ty it is true —but that party was consti tutionally the strongest, and as tlie first principle of democracy i- the power of majorities-—then lie is not now the Pres ideii* of his party, but of the whole peo ple of all parties and of ail sections, and as such let. the nation honor hiui. Cin cinnati showed that this was her doctrine sin 1 that her heart beat true to the Union. Tl*e hou es not only on the line of march Hid duwu.jn the programme, but in every street, u'.ley and lane were decorated in great profusion with banners and stream ers —generally tbe Ame.ieau flag—wav ing from every window and from every bouse lop, and even some church steeples My space wiil not allow me to give you mi advpKt'e idea of the motto literature uiMpLycd,. t it was with the pivA'si J a': i<<ti-m j but I men'ion the i ic't 's ot the Gibson House, on Walnut '*• -rth, .s a fair sati p!e : r utc of the rights of all sections of i i e-i'tlic, maintenance of the Constitution, air : c or- aLin of ilie Union at all hazards." J A union of l ikes, n union of hinds, A union that uothinr can sever, A union of hearts, i union of hands, The American Unioa forever" On a transparency displayed by the (11 bs on, was ; "Honor to a President not to a partizan." " It ie lime for politicians to go under." ° Ine Union must and shall be preserved " The Military made a very creditable di-p!ny although all the comu tuies were not out. For more than three hours be fore the train arrived the crowd icgari to assemble around the Indianapolis Pe pot, on M ood street, and great enthusi asm was manifested. A sufficient num ber.of the Police force Lad been placed in and around the depot to preserve order and to prevent the depot from becoming so crowded as to be annoying, and order was by this means preserved. For more than a mile along the track the stieet was crowded, it) some places litera'ly jam med, while every window, door and house top was covered by the anxious people. After the train arrived, which was about 3 o'clock, if was some time before 31 r 1 jiucolu made his appearance, and when he did, then the fun commenced ! Huch long, loud and vociferous cheering was never heard in Cincinnati before Then the police had enough to do, and it was with the utmost difficulty that they succeeded in keeping the crowd back. As soon as Mr. Lincoln's guardians could get him out. the cars, lie was wel comed by Rubt. llosea. Esq , iu the fol lowing words : ADDRESS OF ROUT. IIOSEA, ESQ. On behalf of the citizens of Cincinnati and the Committee of Reception, I have the honor to welcome you to our city. We meet you Sir, not as partizuns com ins; forth to greet a successful candidate, but coming as citizens, from all parties, and from your native State of Kentuckv ako. as well as Ohio. We desire to wel come you as the President elect of the I nked States, and through you to do honor to that great principle of Constitu tional liberty, of which the election of a Chief Magistrate of our beloved country affords the most sublime of all examples You have been called Sir, from private life to the most dignified, and the most responsible trust iu the country, by the united voice of the American people, through their confidence in your honesty, your integrity, and your devotion to the Constitution, and their belief that you will devote yourself witii a siogle eyo to the public good. In that confidence, in that belief, we fully share; and we believe that the jus tice of your Administration as well as its firmness, will tend to heal the unhappy dissenfions, whiclfnow exist, restore the confidence of alienated sections, and unite the country in the bonds of peace. Again Sir, we welcome you with warm and loyal hearts, loyal to the Union—to the flag of our whole country, with not a star diumed nor a stnpe erased. REPLY OF THE PRESIDENT ELECT TO MR. HOSKA. ME. CHAIRMAN I thank you. citi zens of Cincinnati, Ohio, a/id Kentucky, for this reception As I understand it is a part of the programme that. I will ad dress you a little more at length at the Hornet House, f will, for the present,' post pone- the making of any remarks. I will proceed at once from here. I remark here that it is not my put pose to make a lengthy speech. When he mounted his carriage which was drawn bv six beautiful white horses, lie was greeted v m an uu.burst of en thusiastic cheers, while a battery of Light Artillery planted at at hort distance from the depot was proclaiming in thundering volleys to citizens everywhere the arrival of the Chief Magistrate. Mr. Lincoln gazed for a moment at the vast crowd, bowed twice very modestly, and sat down in the carriage. Miles Greenwood, Esq , was Grand Matsbal, and it was not long until be bad the procession formed in the following order. Military Escort. The President elect and suite. Committee of Reception. Committee from Covington and New port, Ky. Committee of the Legislature of Ohio aird of the City of Columbus. Members of City Council and other Civic Officers of the City of Cincinnati, aird citizens generally, iu car riages and on foot. At 3§ o'clock it commenced to move slowly forward through the several streets designated in the programme, and in about two hours after he left the cars his carriage reached the Burnet House Everywhere along*the line of march the streets were crowded aud from ueariy ev ery window scarfs were waving. At the cornej of Vine and Mercer streets a plat form was erected, upon which were seated thirty-four young ladies representing the States of the Union. Over their heads was an arch of evergreens entwined with flowers and surmounted by the American flag. Immediately over this flag was this motto : " Protect tlris banner against all insult whatsoever." O.i the reverse of the arch was in scribed : Be firm and the hopes of freemen are ful filled." \Y hen tlie I resident's carriage arrived opposite this pla'form, the young Miss representing '• Kansas " in this national group of graces, presented Old Abe with a beautiful bouquet of natural flowers, which he gracefully carried to his lips, at the same time bowinggailautly to Miss " Kansas." Immediately below Sixth street anoth er platform was erected upon which a par ty of about twenty young girls were s;at ed. who sang National songs as the cur tegc passed. During the last mile of the procession the President stood up in the curiiage with his hat olf, bowing to shout ing multitudes that greeted him on every side. When his carriage approached the group of singing girls, so dense was the crowd that the precession could scarcely proceed. 'J his momentary stoppage gave rise to :iu incident which will never be forgotten by some ot those who witnessed it. The girls were singing " Hail to the Chief " and the old man stood bowing to, and smiling at them, trying to convey without speaking, his appreciation of their songs. At this momenta large," rough looking sou of toil rushed forward to lite platform and lifted one of the little sinn ing girls about teu years old, iu his arms as if she was but. a little child, and car ried her blushing to the carriage and • i passed her up to Old Abe, who kbsed her as tenderly as if she were his own child, and replaced her in the arms of the big, rough man, who carried her back to the platform amidst vociferous cheering, and the procession moved on. It was said that a tear stole down ihe old man's face as lie turned away from that group; he this as it may, certain it is that it af fected many others to tears aud made him no enemies. When the procession ap proached the Burnet down Vine from Fourth to Pearl, about three squares, and a full square on Third street, the passage was completely blocked, aud the Military Escort and Police had to no to work and clear a passage for Mr. Liucoln's carriage to the door of the Hotel. Having'at last succeeded in reaching the balcony of the Burnet House, and after the enthusias ic cheers had subsided Mayor Bishop (a Bell Everett man), in troduced lii.u in the following speech : " HONORED SIR : In the name of the peopie of all classes of my fellow-citizens L extcud to you a cordial welcome, and in their behalf I have the honor of offer ing you the hospitalities of Cincinnati. " Our city needs no eulogy from me. Her well-known character for enterprise, liberality and hospitality is not mere dis tinguished than is her lideiitv and undv iug devotion to the Union of these States, and a warm, filial and affectionate regard for that glorious ensign which has " battle and the breeze." upon laid and sea so many years. The j people, tinder the solemn and dignified Jofms of the Constitution, have chosen as President of the United States, and as such I greet you. And you will believe me WIICD I say that it is the ear nest and united desire of our citizens that your administration of the General Gov ernment may be marked by wisdom, pat riutisiii and justice to .ill sections of the country, from the Atlatuic to the Pacific Oceans, from the northern boundary of Maine to tho Gulf of Mexico. 80 that when you retire from office your fellow i citizens n ay greet you every where with the cheering words, •Well dune thou ; good and faithful servant.' '• But. sir, 1 see in this great and anx ious concourse not only the citizens of Ohio but also many from our sister Stale. Kentucky—the land of Clay, the former home of your parents and mine, and the place of o'gf birth. Theija, too, great you, for they, lilce us, a-re, and ever will be, loyal to the Constitution and the Union. I again welcome you to our noble eity, and trust your short stay with us may be au agreeable one. and that your journey to our Federal Capital may be pleasant and safe." To this address the President, after talcing his position on the corner of the balcony so as to be seen and heard in both Vine and Third, replied as follows : He said lie was reminded by the ad dress of the Mayor that this reception is given not by any one political party- —and even if he had not been eo reminded by His Honor, he could not have failed to know the fact by the extent of the mul titude. He could not look upon this vast assemblage without being made aware that all parties were united in this recep tion [Applause.J This is as it should be. It is as it should have been if Sen ator Douglas had been elected; as it should ever be when any citizen of the United Status is constitutionally elected President of the United States. [Great applause.] What has occurred here to day oonld not have occurred in any other country on the face of the globe, without the influence of the free institutions which we have unceasingly enjoyed for three quarters of a century. There is no coun try where the people can turn out aud enjoy this day precisely as they please, save under the benign influence of the free institutions of our laud. [Prolonged applause.] He hoped that, although we have some threatening national difficultios now, that while these free institutions shall contin ue, we will see repeated every four years what we now witDess. lie hoped that these difficulties would pass away, and wc shall see in the streets of Cincinnati—good old Cincinnati—for centuries to couie, once every four years her people give such a reception as this to the constitutionally elected President of the whole United States. [Applause.] Ho hoped they would all j_iu in that re ception, and also welcome your brethren across the rivet to participate in it. We will welcome them in every street of the Union, no matter where they are from. From away South we shall extend them a cordial good will when our present dif ferences shall have been forgotten and blown to ihe winds forever. [Applause j When he had spoken in Cincinnati be fore he had jocosely remarked to the peo ple of Kentucky, that the Republicans must ul'imateiy beat the Democrats, and if the latter would save themselves they must nomi' ate Mr. Douglas. They did not, in any true sense of the word, nominate Douglas, and the result/ had come certainly as soon as he expect ed. He also told them how ihey would be treated after they should have been beaten ; and he now wished to call, or recall, their attent on to what he then said upon the subject: "When we do, as we say, beat you, you perhaps will want to know wltai we will do with you. 1 will tell vou, so far as I am author ,cd to speak for the Opposition, what we mean to do with you. We nteau to treat you, as near as we possibly can, as Washing ton, Jefferson and Madison treated you. We mean to leave yo t alone, and in no way to interfere with your institutions, to abide by all and every compromise of the Constitutitn ; and in a word, coming back to the original proposition, to treat you so far as degenerate men, if we have degen erated, may, according to the examples of those noble fathers, Washington, Jeffer son and Madison. We mean to remem ber that you are as good as we ; that there is uo difference between us, other than the difference of circumstauces. Wc mean to recognize, and bear in mind al ways, that you have as good hearts in your bosoms as other people, or as we claim to have, and treat you accordingly. He now called upon the citizecs of Kentucky in a new position, and he saw' no occasion and felt no inclina'ion to re tract a word of this. [Applause.] If it shall not be made gpod, bo assured the iuuit shall not be mine. [Applause J. After some further remarks, he retired, amid prolonged applause. In the evening, a long torch-light pro cession marched to the Burnet House, j and remained in the street for some time, | when the President appeared and was re ceived with prolonged cheers. A public reception was given at the ! Gentlemen's Ordinary, which lasted till I a late hour. Mr. Lincoln was extremely affable, and appeared a little fatigued, although since his election became a fixed fact, immediately after the October elec tions, he lias been subject to all the har assing annoyances which always sur round the rising man. He appears to possess great power of endurance, some thing which will no doubt be greatly needed during his official term. Since lie left Springfield, his progress has been one con|inued triumph—not as an indi vidual—but as the one to whom the des tiny of the country is, in a great measure, committed, and upon whose judgment and discretion rests the hopes of the na tion. The people feel that his position is a most embarrassing one, and they have taken occasion to express tii-ir sympathy and tender hiui their support. Between Indianapolis and Cincinnati lie made three speeches, which in substance, were the same as the one deliverd here. He will leave for Columbus at nine o'clock to-day, accompanied bv the com mittees of the Legislature, and of the City Council. Every one who had the pleasure of see ing Old Abe were disappointed. lie has been represented as a monster of human ugliness. On seeing him the general feeling appears to have been an agreeable surprise. The ladies--and they pretend you know, to be good judges of the male | phiz*—were unanimous in pronouncing | littn a tolerable good looking gentleman. What is the secret of the heart-felt enthusiasm with which the men of all political creeds greeted the new Chief Magistrate yesterday. It was the upris ing of a confident hope in him that he would pass the seemingly inevitable cup of utter national degradation away from our lips, and that he would deliver us from the disgrace which tlie treachery. rasca'Hfy and effete imbecility of the pres ent President and his late advisers have brought upon us in the eyes of the world. The people, the honest people of the North, yes, and of the South too, if they dare but speak—have endured the hu miliation cast upon this government —the insults heaped upon our flag and civil and military officers—the robbing of our Mints ard Treasury and Custom Houses and Forts and Cutters, by traitors who were under oath to suppott and defend her against all her enemies whomsoever — with an indignation not loud, perpaps, but deep enough if let loose, to make a torrent that would carry secession into the Gulf ot Mexico, because they believe that the hour of peaceable redemption was at hand and that Abraham Liucolu was the man lur the hour. No bond man ever so longed for the day of his promised freedom as have the honest people—the Union-laving people of the North and the South —for the time of the emancipation of our whole country from* the folly, robbery, treason and im becility and treacherous negotiations with rebellion " which have demoralized, hu miliated and broken down the Govern ment of this great Republic, until in the whole earth there is to nation too poor and weak to scoff at us." To the fourth of March we look for the hour of redemption from all this disgrace ; and to Mr. Liucoln as the man. This is the feeling which spontaneously burst from the throats of the thousands yester day, and, thank God, Mr. Lincoln has as yet shown no symptom that this confi dence is misplaced. Amiu a pressure of circumstances that would make the stout est heart quail, 1.0 stands lirm and un shaken as the Rock of Ages. May he pruve worthy of the hopes that are cen tered on him. MICK. .£lif Pofffv Journal. • u t j O C9K DGRSI'ORT, PA., fch. £l, DHL. skifASE. EDTTGR AND PUSUSHEFh Te tics see has refused to call a Convention by a majority of 20,000. — Thus do the border States one after an other spit upmj secession /" ' £4®** The seceding States have formed a provisional government ; witli the V S. Constitution for its foundation; and with Jeff. Davis for President, and A. H. Stephens for Vice President. / 65®**' Judge Johnson is making a good beginning in his district, judging from the Court proceedings ia the papers and their comments thereon. The Mead vilie Rfj)ublicaii says : " At the Quarter Session* Court tub week, a large amount of business was transacted. A large portion of the time was consumed with the liquor eases, a great number of which were disposed of. The Court, Judge Johnson presiding, seemed in no wise disposed to shotv any favor to this class of offenders, end it is i entitled to the thanks of every good citizen for the manner in which these cases arc disposed of. A large number were fined, and old offen ders imprisoned. A few terms of such vigor ous measures will put a stop to this unlawful and demoralizing traflic. We think offenders of this kind are entitled to neither delays or favor: and in proportion as the sale of liquor is prevented crimes of every nature wi'.l abate. The manner in which Judge Johnson presides, and transacts business renders most complete satisfaction to the bar, and certainly reilects honor oil the Judge. lie maintains the most perfect equanimity and good nature at all times, and at the same time a dignity which commands the deference and respect of all." Commutation or I lie Tonnage Tax--Reliefol (lie Suubury A Erie II- 11. These are the most importaut meas ures likely to come before the Legisla ture at its preseut session. Bills have been favorably reported from the com mittees to which they were referred, and we think they have been crawn with great care. The bill to repeal the ton uage'tax on goods passing over the Henna Central is certainly a liberal one, and amply protects the interests of the State as the following section will show : "That if a majority of the directors of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company who, for the purpose of this act are hereby vested with all needful authority, shall at a meeting called for that purpose, re solve to accept ihe provisions of this act; and shall authorize the execution of a written contract under its corporate seal with the Commonwealth of Pennsylva nia, to pay into the Slate Treasury on ac count of its indebtedness to the Common wealth, by reason ot tiie purchase of the Main Line of the public works, on the thirty first day of January and Julv in every year, until the thirty-first of July, eighteen hund-ed and ninety, inclusive, suth sum, in addition to the interest on its bonds owned by the State, and in ad dition to its annual liability to the State on account of purchase money for said line of improvements, as will increase each seint-aunual payment on account of said debt and interest to the sum of 'wo hundred and thirty thousand dollars, (§:M>0.000,) and the aggregate of all such payments to the sum ot thirteen millions live hundred and seventy thousand dol lars, (§13.570,000,) and shall agree to j pay on the said thirty first day of July, eighteen huudred and ninety, into the ; treasury the balance then unpaid of tho J principal and interest of said bonds, and shall further agree to reduce its local [charges for the transportation of grain, flour, cattle, iron, minerals and ether property, as hereinafter provided ; and if the said company shall iti the manner afores tid, on or before the first day of Ju ly next, make and enter into with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania a writ ten contract to that effect, and shaii on or before said day deliver the same to the Commonwealth, by depositing the same in the office of the Auditor Gene ral, then and in such case and in consid eration thereof, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania shall not at any time here after lay, impose, levy, or collect any tax or duty upon, ar in respect to freight or tonnage passing over the said Penosly vania railroad or the Uarrisburg, Ports mouth, Mount Joy and Lancaster rail road, or any part of them, either of them unless a like tax shall at the same time be imposed, laid or levied upon all other railroads or milroad companies of this Commonwealth ; and all laws imposing taxes or duties upon freight or tonnage upon the railroads, canals or slack water navigation companies, for the use of the Commonwealth, bo and they are hereby repealed, and no fuitlier or other pro ceedings shall be had or taken on the part of the Commonwealth to enforce the collection of any tax or duty, or obliga tion given tbcrei'or, or judgement recov ered, or obtained in pursuance of any existing laws on tonnage carried or con veyed on the railroad of said Pennsylva nia railroad company, or on that of any other company incorporated by this State, and the said companies shall be, by the proper officers of tl c Commonwealth, ex onerated, released and relieved from eve ry lien and liability to the State on ac count thereof." Under the present laws the Fenna |Central pays one hundred thousand dol lars a year on her bonds and about three i hundred thousand a vcar is duo for ton nage. So it will be seen, that the effect Hf the repeal bill will be to increase our \ present revenues. It is true tiie tonnage tax in twenty years, will doub'iess be greater than this snb-titutc. Hut. in twenty veais the revenues of the State will be large enough o dispense with all extra and onerous taxation. Under the proposed bill the Penna Central will pay into the Treasury ef the .Slate over huff a milfou annually. We think it i> <]t cideoly to the inter ;st of the whole pe pie that it should r a-s —at the same time the State tax should be reduced another mill. In relatiou to the Sunbury and Eric relief bill wo are not so clear. I3ut our present impression is, that the State would lose nothing by its passage : and as the road is of vast importance to a large section of the State, it ought to pass if the interests of the Common wealth as a whole would not suffer by it. .Since the above was written we find the following dispatch iu the daily papers of Saturday: HAIIKISBURG, Fb. in, 1861.— The bill to commute the tannage tax of the Pennsylvania Railroad, passed the House this morning by a vote"ot 75 to 22. The Sunbury & Eiie (now Pliiludcl-, phia & Erie) Railroad Bi'l passed the same day by a vote of 75 to 25- 91r. [Lincoln's Policy. The President elect is en route for the National Capital, having left his home at Springfield, 111., on the 12th irist., and is proceeding by w:.y of Indianopolis, Cincinnati!, Columbus, Cleveland, Buf falo, Albany, New York, Trenton, Phil delphia, ilarrisburg etc., to Washington. His journey thus far has been one of con tinued ovation, participated in by men of all parties without distinctiou ; at each stage of its progress developing the fact that he is regaided as the man of and for the times, and that he enjoys the entire confidence of the people A correspon dent at Cincinnati, (by the way, a Dem ocrat of the Douglas stamp) furnishes us with a lengthy account of his visit to that city. In his speech at Indianopolis, Mr. Lincoln indicated his probable policy with regard to the secession movement, and his treatment of the question of "Coercion." That speech which will meet the hearty approval of every hon est American citizen, wc give below : " Fflloic- Citizens of the S/ah r >f Indiana:-. I am lie re to thank you much for this magnifi cent welcome,'and still more for the very gen erous support given by your State to that po litical cause which I think is.the true and just cause of the whole country and the whole world* Salomon says, " There is a time to keep silence,' and when men wrangle hy the mouth with no certainty that tlioy mean tlie snme tiling while using the same word, it per haps were as well if they would keep silence The words ''coercion' and "invasion" arc much used in these days, and often with some temper ami hot tdoud. Let us nuke sure, it ws can, that we do not misunderstand the j meaning of those who use tuern. Let us get j the exact definitions of these words, not from (licticfflnfles, but from the men tfcemselv • who certainly deprecate the thing? they w n ]i represent by the use of the words." \\ j then, is 'coercion?'' "What is "ioTasio„r! Would the marching of an annv into siiuib Carolina, without the consent of her pe or ,i and with hostile intent toward them be my' l slon ? I certainly think it would be "coer* lion f" also if the South Carolinians were fore" cd to submit. But if the United States should merely kohl and retake its oim forts and other properly, and collect the duties on foreign impor. talions, or even withhold the mails from place] where, th y were habitually violated, would any or all these things be "invasion" or "coercion?'' Do onr professed lovers of the Union, but who spitefully resolve that they will resist coercion and invasion, understand tlirt such things as these on the part of the United States would be coercion or invasion of a State ? If 80 their idea of means to preserve the object of their great affection would seem to be exceed ingly tiiin and airy. If sick, the little pills 0 f the homopathist would be much too large for it to swallow. In their view, the U iion, a Sj family relation, would seem to be no regular marriage, but rather a sort of free-love ar rangement to be maintained on passional attraction. By the way, in what consists the special sacredness of a Stale? I speak not of the position assigned to a State in th c Union by the Constitution, for that bv the bond we all recognize. That position, how ever, a State cannot carry out ot thc Union ■vith it. 1 speak of that assumed primary right of a State to rule ell which is less thai; itself, and to ruin all which is larger than itself. If a State ar.d a county, in a given ca£-\ should be equal in extent of \et*'+vj and equal in number of inhabitants, in vvlir* as a matter of principle, is the State better than the county? Would an exchange of names be an exchange of rights ? Upon prin-" ciple, on what rightful principle, may a State, being no more thnji one-fiftieth part of the nation in soil and population, break jp the nation and then coerce a proportionably larg er subdivision of itself in the most arbitrary way ? What mysterious right to play tyrant is conferred on a district of country with it* people by merely calling it a Stale ? l-'etlotr. citizens, lam not asserting anything. lam merely asking questions for you to consider. And aow allow me to bid you farewell." Mr. Lincoln is doubtless of the cpin ion that silence is the better part of Statesmanship in his present position, and that it will be time enough to ex press his views when he can do so in an authoritative manner. This is right \ nevertheless, his views are doubtless foreshadowed io the above propositions. Mr. Lincoln will be in llarrisurg on Friday (*-2 d) at 1 1 o'clock P. M , and remain till OA. M. Saturday. He will riicn proceed directly to Washington, and enter upon the business of forming the Cabinet and finishing his Inaugural. '1 he inauguration ceremony takes place a week from Monday. E'roiai I Special Ditpntch to (he N I'. Tribune. WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. 1861. The efforts of the radical wing of the Republican pa-ty will be concentrated ■ on Mr. Chase for a seat in the Cabinet. The Pacific Railroad bill is considered dead. 'J iut-c routes wuuiu swamp the Treasury. The vote on Hie tariff is expected to be taken on Wednesday, but probably may be readied to-morrow. The propos ed reduction on the sugar duty one half, and the tax on tea and coffee are render ed necessary fur revenue to sustain the Government. A Conference Committee must ultimately shape the complexion of the bill. The Peace Confcrenco will adjourn, this week. A recommendation of a Na tional Convention will be its only propo sition likely to command the favor of Congress. The Republicans of both Houses are prepared to support this. The court-martial on Corn. Armstrong who surrendered the Pensaeola Navy-- l ard, is now sitting. The proof against him is very conclusive. It wa3 with great difficulty that Lieut. Slemuier could get the Wyandotte retained to co operate for the defense of Fort Pickens. The Fort would would have been taken, without that aid. Sentence of Alison for wife Poisoning;. The Court Room of Hudson County Court-House was again filled this (Mon day) morning by persons anxious to hear the doom of Abson, the wife poisoner, pronounced, and about 2,000 persons were congregated outside, unable to gain an entrance. The gallery was entirely filled with women. Sheriff Francis made arrangements so that a repetition of the disgraceful proceedings of Monday last was prevented. The culprit was con ducted to the Jury room, about 8 a. tu., and there remained until the opening of the Court, at 11 a. ni., at which hour he was brought before Judge Ogdcn and associate Judges Fink and Pope. Upon being asked if he had anything to say why judgement should not now be passed, Mr. Abson said; "I have to say that I feel innocent as- I always did." Judge Ogden then proceeded to pro nounce the sentence (reviewing the lacts in the case), which was, that Win. Ab son be taken hence aDd confined iu the county jail until Wednesday the 10th day of April ensuing, and that then be tween the hours of 10 a. in., and 2 p- nr., lie be hanged by the ueck in the jail or jail yard until his body be dead. The prisoner throughout maintained a stoical demeanor, and seveial times in* terrupteu Judge, Ogden by asserting his innocence, and charging Dr. Booth with having caused his wife's death. At the close Ju<|ge Ogden said, "May G<<] l ave inercy on your soul." The prisouer replied, "God will hare mercy upon me, but jman hasn't. I innocent; I will say io until the last" The condemned man was then conduct* ud to I lis cell— Tribune Monday. [Mr. Abson has relative# iu this couo*- ty, vo believe.—Ep- JOUR ]