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VOLUME XIV.- NUMBER 3.
OUT ON PICKET. Out on picket! Crouching, hiding 'ueath the thicket, Scared at every twig that falls ; Oh, confound me ! • I can h° ar them all around me— Hear those awful Minie balls. • "Ping ! ping ! ping I" Oh. what a deadly song iliey sing ! Why do they shoot at me, 1 wonder? "Say, old fellow! You whose pants are striped with yellow, O'you you want to kill me dead as thunder? "Louisana, That's a kind of off-hand manner, Shooting men you never knew. Now, jus f stop that, F.!e you see I'll take a pop at All such looking meu as you." Past me rushes Another ball into the bushes. "Look out for a leaden pebble !" So exclaiming This to him while I was aiming— "Crack !"' and dying lay the rebel! So on picket, Peeping from behind the thicket, All day long we kept up shooting : How exciting, After once you're used to fighting, Taking rebels off their footing! ! Tis delightful! Though at first it seems so frightful Killing people in this manner: Just remember, It was only last December That th'y spat upon our banner! SETH STARK. "It's no use tor kin beaut it, dad. I'm goin to fire into the enemy The Union is in danger—Varmount is in danger, aud Hardsciabblc in particklcr is in dan ger, and I'm bound for to go. That's what I told the old man, Mister Officer, aud that's what I tell you If you won't list mc, I'll find out another 'crutin' sta tion darned quick." This speech of a hard fisted, young Green Mountain Boy, with a rifle in his hand, was not long since made to an offi cer of a recruiting ntation in Montpelier, Yt , who had interposed some objections to the stout lad's enlisting, to wit : That his visual organs presented a strong case of strabismus, that hi body was slightly angular, that his style of speech and man lier rather shocked the eyes of ttic gen tlctnanly cultivated lit ujenani. and who had thrown down Blackstone, Kent. Yoke, and other law commentators for a sword and epaulettes ; and also because i the applicant was incurably left handed. "How old are you?" asked the lieu tenant. "Twenty, last grass." "\\ hat has been your business ?" •'t'uttin' logs, and shootin' bars in win ter and drivin' cattle aud uiowiu' grass iu summer." "Shooting bears eh t" "Yeas, shootin' bars." "Then I suppose you would take aim at a tree in one direction and hit the bear in another," said the officer derisively. — "I am afraid, io battle you would be much less dangerous iu the enemy's ranks than io ours." "I know that I'm a lettle bit cock eyed, Mister < Ifficer, but I've fetched many a bar at more than a hundred rods, and at turkey shoots they aliurs try to caount too aout." "Count you out : what do you mean by that r "Waal, I ain't so profertable to the turkey match shooters as some of the rest of'etn, for when I get this 'ere rifle o' dad's on one of the birds, you can reck'n that he' 3 mine." "Are you also a good shot with the musket ?" "I>on t know notbiu' 'bout that kind of shootin' iron." "Kut ours is an infantry company, and *e use smooth bores," suggested the offi cer. "W aal, Captain if you don't calkilate ,J go to kill, I'm not. your man. If yeou dew, you d bettir take me and my bar killer." 3 "Oh, it g impossible that you should appear in our ranks wi'h a dark barrelled weapon, You must leave that weapou behind " "C..n t dew it Captain. Where the goes, there I goes. Never go no-where without it. You see it's a sure thing " '1 have no evidence of it beyond your * o| d, said the officer, beginning to be in crested in the somewhat uncouth indi vidual. "Hut I'll put your shooting *' Kl 'l to the test, and if you can make three as good shots as three sharp shooters in my corps, I'll engage to enlist you bar k! iler and all." "hive us your fist for that Mister Officer," returned the raw recruit, ex- Codiog his rough, tan-browned, and cckled hand. "If you're got three men v - our cor P s that kin out shoot Seth ' ,dr k, I'll go hum agin and help dad ker-' *y on the farm." The match was forthwith got, and three Plates of the Ethan Allen Rangers k were selected for the trial. Each of them was famed as a sharp shooter, and particularly well skilled in the use oi the rifle. A target, representing an Indian chief, was placed at one hundred rods distant ; at the appointed time, the three already recruiting rangers and Setli Stark took their positions in front of the company of Rangers to witness the apparently une qual contest. Two men were detailed to stand within six rods on either side of the painted Indian, to make a record of each successive shot, and before they left the ranks their comrades made many good natured but satirical remarks at the expense of the cross eyed volunteer. "Rill Burton, be keerful where you stand when that chap blazes away," said a ranger to one of the target, "the safest place will be behiod it." "Better get under the bank, Bill, there's no calculating where his bullets may strike" said another. "I think the only gure place is iu the rear of the breech," said a third. Almost every one of the corps volun teered a jocose opinion in reference to the crooked eyed, crooked formed, and otherwise crooked backwoodsman, some of which reached the ears of Seth. who suddenly facing the company, while they were at case, said : "Perhaps as how some on ye wud like to bet a sum on them 'ere three sharp shooters?" said Seth, pulling out, from his capacious looking pocket a greasy wallet, which .seemed rather plethoric of bank bills, con sidering the coarse, seedy gear of the ri fleman. "I'll lay ye anything from a sheet of gingerbread to a tew dollar bill that 1 ll lake the 'scit out o' you or your sharp shooters at a rifle shootiu', wra-lin', huggin', regular knock deown and diag euut fight." "I'll bet you a dollar you don't hit the board once out of three times," said one of the rangers. "Done —I 1! take the bet, and double the stakes, " replied Setli, drawing forth a one dollar note, and placing it in the hands ot the orderly sergeant, while the ranger did Hki wi.se. "I'll go you a five that you will be beaten at every round," said another lan -1 aur •'Plank your suet-skin," said Setli. "I'll lay a five that you don't put a single shot within the outer circle ot the bull's eye," offered a third "Waal, 1 don't mind taking that 'ere bet tew, said Setli prod icing the money. "I'll go fifty cents you don't hit the butt's eye oace.'* said a more cautious member of the larhan Allen corps. "Plank your money, gentleman—l'm good fur a dozen or tew more just sich wagers —hev 'em ail down, Mister Ser geant, so there can't be no mistake " Set It's invitation was responded to bv nearly half the members of the company and on figuring up the aggregate of all the stakes, it amounted to nearly tw< hundred dollars; but at each successive wacer the chances of his winuing were made much smaller, as the last one that he had offered liini required him te hit the buli's eye twice out ol three rounds, and to beat the antagonists. "Naow, Gentlemen," said Seth. "I just want to make one more bet I'll lay ten dollars that I'll hit the bull's eve three times providin' the winner shall go over to the tavern and spend the stades iu treatin' the company." "I'll take the wager," said the captain of the rangers, stepping forward and de positing the stakes. "If I w>ti I shall not only cheerfully ditburse it in the manner you suggest, but receive vou in the corps, and furnish you witli a uniform free of expense." "Good on your head Captain" was the reply of the sharpshooter, "and ef I don't win I'll be raouud to-morrow and stand treat agin." The three sharp shooters suggested the idea of having a rest for rifles as the range was long and the slightest variation of the aim would carry the shot wide of the murk. Put Seth argued agaiust it, and appealed to the counnauder. "You see Captain," said he, "It's all very well at a turkey shoot, but it won't do in the woods, when the bars and wolves are abeout ; and rather guess 'twould'nt do on the battle field, unless every solukr could kerry a nigger as they do at the ; South to use as rests for their shooting irons." This argument prevailed and lie de cided that the shots should be made off hand and that ten seconds should be al lowed iu taking aim, after the piece was at the shoulder. The Indian chief was painted in gaudy colors, size of life, and the bull's aye was placed on the left side in the region of the heart, and three circles drawn around it, and it was understood that from the centre of the bull's eye each shot should be measured. The sharp shooters and the backwoodsmau drew lots for the first fire, which fell to the former, who took his position, aud in a ready aud adroit 4 maimer opened the contest, and hie shot Qeboted io % friqcipUs of Jrt(c Dstyoctycij, qi)D ti)e JJissefyiflqiiofl of Jlnci*ptulre q)0 ffete?. COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, FA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 25, 1861. together with the others, were as follows, according to the report of the target mar kers : Ranger No. I.—Was Jwo inches from the outer circle, grazing the left.arm. Ranger No 2.—8a1l struck within one inch of the inner circle to the right—a fa tal shot. Ranger No. 3.—Put a half rnoou in bull's eye—fatal. Seth Stark.—Shot perforated centre bull's eye. There was a considerable huzzaring at the result of the flrst round, especially among the spectators, and those of the rangers who had not risked anything on the result. On the second round the three rangers were scored as having made better shots than before but no score for the young backwoodsman. It was now the better's turn to huzza, although several of them had lost at Seth's first shot. The third round resulted even better for the rangers than either of the others, and the score was brought in accordingly but there appeared to be a score fur the would be recruit, the shout was terrible, and many rude jests were uiade at Seth's expense. "Mougbt you not as well wait till the ! umpires have decided before veou begun tolarfuta feiluw V ejaculated Setli. "I've seen many a turkey trial decided agiu the | scorers." "Why, you don't suppose to say that you've hit the target bm once?" asked a ranger who had a \ staked on the result. "Mtbbe 1 don t .-pose so, and mebbe I dew," replied Seth. "I'll go you two to one," said the con fident sol-tier. "Take my advice and don't you dew it," answered Sell). "Oh, ho ! don dare, eh ? can't go out against ten .'" ejaculated lite fellow. "Waal, yeou kit: put up as many tens a-< you please, and ef I can't kiver 'em why yeou kin pick up sur change agin, that's all " "Try him ! try him ! he's only trying tJ.o brag ga<uc !" cried several of the ranger's comrades. "I'll go my pile on that." said the con fident one, and l.e forthwith produced sixty dollars which Setli covered with only six, but then it must be remembered that odds was terribly against him ; inas much as lite scorer's report, if confirmed, would of course give the stakes to his an tagonist. The umpires, consisting of an officer of the company, who had no special interest in the result, and two civilians, who were experts iu the sports of rifle shooting, foirhwirth visited tho targets, and exam ined the several hits, and on comparing them with the record of the scorers it ap peared there was no mistake. "That hit in the bull's eye," remarked one of tiie civil umpires, is a magnificent shot, "but how so small i* slug as that irroeny's litlo carrys could make so large an orifice as thut, is quite a mystery to U.'C." "I agree with you there," said the Oth er civilian. "It is a remarkable perforation, certain ly," remarked the officer of tho rangers, examining the hole with scrutiny, and then turning the taiget around they were all struck with the fact that tlie shot of the smallest bored rifle had really pierced much the largest hole through the board. "See here, too," he continued, the cor responding hole ; u the trunk of the tree against which the 'conterfeit semblance' of the savage chieftan had rested, "can ir be possible that two bullets have passed through this orifice." The suggestion was improbable, but somewb.it startling. it was again exam ined with more scrutiny than before; and for the purpose of solving the least doubt in the matter, it was agreed to cut around the cot responding perforation in the tree, and to the depth of the spot where the bullet had lodged A carpenter was forth with sent for with instructions to bring the proper tools lor the job. In a low minutes one was produced, and lie went to work with morticing chisel and mallet under the direction of the umpires, and after toiling some ten or fifteen minutes he remove;' a cube of wood from the tree of about live inches in depth, which on being *p!il open carefully, three sha/s pressed firmly against each other with but little vaiiatioti from a true line, were ta ken therefrom, to the wonder and sui pr.se of the umpires. The doubt was solved. Srtk Stark's bullets hud trav ersed the sumt tine and lodged t' jtther. The huzzas and laughs were now upon our side, but the contest was so complete and decisive—the victory so complete that even those who had lost money in the rc>ult. joined witli the others in ren dering all homage to the eccentric back woodsman. Seth was fo:thwith enrolled in the ranks of the company, and though he appeared very awkward at first in the ranks he is fast requiring the positions and bearing of a well drilled soldier The greatest difficulty he has to enoouu- ter is hi.- left handedness, while his crook ed eye ordv troubles his drill officer. "Eyes front'" appears always "eyes left," and "eyes right" always seems to be "eyes front." The Ethan Allen Guards have been recently mustered into the service of Un cle Sam : and if they ever get into an en gagement, woe be to the rebel who be come targets of Seth Stark the Green Mountaiu Sharp Shooter. Secretary Cliase's Report- The following is the substance of the Report of Secretary Cha?e. We com mend it to our readers for the encourag ing statements it. contains of thefinaueial affairs of the country. Mr. Chase begins by stating the sev eral expedients resorted to to meet the estimates made last Summer for the year ending June 1862, of 8318,519,581 87. With these the public are familiar. To provide, first, for immediate exigencies, Treasury notes for 814,019,034 66, pay able in two years, at 6 per cent, interest, and another amount of $12,877,850, at the same rate of interest, but payable in 60 days, were issued. Next an arrange ment was made with the Banks, by which I wo loans ol 850,000,000 each in August and October, and the loan of November 10. on twentv years six per cent, bonds of $45,795,478 43 were effected ; and in addition to these the demand Treasury notes in circulation and OH deposit of $24,550,325, made an aggregate sum of $197,242,588 14. The receipts from the Customs have not been so large as the Secretary had estimated bv about $25,500,000. But the appropriations now asked for making all due allowance, from the experience of I lie last six months are $2L3,9U4, 427 US The Secretary recommended economy, j retrenchment and reform. Unnecessary offices should be abolished, and salaries reduced wherever it is practicable. The property of Rebels, he thinks should be made to pay, as far as possible, for the war they have provoked, and be confis cated to mat end. .Slaves, he surest?, | may be put to a better use than mere con fiscation. by being emancipated aud put to useful labor on wages The only change he proposes in the I tariff, is to augment the duty on brown sugar 21 cents per pound; to three cents ion clayed sugar; to twenty cents per pound on green tea, and five cents on cof fee. The income tax he advises be in creased. so that with that and duties on ! stills, distilled liquors, tobacco, bank I notes, carriages, legacies, &c., a sum of ■ 850,000,000 may be realized. And still i more important suggestions in the issue ! of Treasury Notes, as currency, is made bv the Secretary. The circulation of the Banks of the United States, 1 e estimates at something over $200.000,000, of which 8150.000,000 is in the loyal States This he considers a loan without interest, from the people to the banks, and it is deserv ing of consideration, whether this advan tage may unt be transferred to the Gov ernment. There are two ways of doing this; first a gradual withdrawal of bank notes from circulation, and issuing in their stead United States notes, payable in coin in amount sufficient for currency. The other is the preparation and delivery to institutions and associations of United States notes, convertible into coin oti the pledge of United States bonds and under other needful regulations. The fi'st plan he thinks liable to the hazard of panics, and all their evil consequences, and there fore objectionable. The second he ap proves of, as giving a uniform and sound currency, safe against depreciation, pro tected against losses in discounts and ex changes. arid affording an alleviation to the burdens of the war in the increased facilities for obtaining the loans required Such notes would be the safest currency the country ever had, available in all parts of the Union, as the notes would be re ceivable for everything but duties. The plan is recommended with the greatest confidence. Of the power of Congress to; put such a plau in operation he lias no doubt. The total receipts for the year are es timated at 8229,501.094 08, of which amount 8213,004,427 80 must be provi ded for by loans. The estimate to Julv, 1803, should the war last so long, is 8054,980.920 51. Add to this the in terest on what we already owe, and our debt will be about 8900,000,000. Of our ability to r aise that sum there can be no i|UC-tion, and, according to the time it lias hitherto taken the nation to pav oil its debts, this will be liquidated in about I 30 years. Such are the main points of the Re port, with an add'lionai recommendation in favor of opening trade as fast as we penetrate into the South. The document betits the high character which Mr. Chase has earned as a financial officer since the portfolio of the Treasury lias been iu bis hands. Why is a palm-tree like chronology ? , Because it i'uruishes date 9. Report of the Secretary of tiie Interior. The report of the Hon. Caleb B. Smith, Secretary of the Interior, occupies eigh teen and a half closely printed octavo pages. A a great decline in the business of the Department has taken place during the fiscal year, attributable to the nation al difficulties. The decline has most sen sibly affected the operations of the (.Ten oral Land Office. Iu ail the Northern States m which any of the public ianus are situated the war has almost entirely suspended sales : On the 30th September, 1861, there were 55,555,595,025 acres of the public lands which had been surveyed but not proclaimed fur public sale. The lands surveyed and offered at public sale previ ous to that time, and then subject to pri vate entry amounted to 78,662,735.64 acres, making an aggregate of public lands surveyed and ready for sale of 134,- 218,330,89 acres. Since the last annual report no procla mation for a public sale of lands has been made, as the quantity already subject to private entry is more than sufficient to meet the wants of the country. During the fiscal year ending 30th dune, 1861, and the first quarter of the current year, coding 30th September, 1801, 5.289,- 532,31 acres have been disposed of. Of this amount 1,021,493,77 acres, have been certified to the States of Minnesota, Mich igan and Louisiana, under raiiroad grants made by Congress ; 606.094,47 acres have been certified to States as swamp lands ; 2,153,940 acres have been located with bounty land wan an. s, and 1.508,004,07 acres have been sold for cash, producing 8925.299*42. From this statement it will he seen that the public lands have ceased substantially, Or the present at least, to be a source of revenue to the government. During the year there has been certified to the States for railroad construction 9,998,407 acres. The grants of swamp and overflowed lands cover an aggregate of 57,895,577 acres. The bouuty land warrants and scrip issued under diherent acts of Congress, ■previous to September SO, ISGI, embrace an aggregate of 71,717,17- acres of land. Unless Congress shall authorize the issue jof additional warrants, this drain upon the public lands will soon cease. The Secreta-y docs not favor the issu ing of bounty land warrants to the volun teers engaged in the present war, on the ground that a warrant for one hundred and sixty acres to each volunteer would absorb over one hundred millions of acres, which would deprive the government of all income from this source, and would afford but little benefit to the volunteers.! The warrants are now sold in the market at a'ount fifty cents per acre, and if this large additional quantity was thrown in the market the prices would bo reduced to a merely nominal sum. The bounty of I the government, dispensed to thevolun-: tecrs in this form, would fail to realize to them the advantages intended. Ali the' best lands wouid fall into the hands of soeculators, who would be enabled to pur chase them at a nominal price and sell: them to settlers at full prices as fast as emigration to the West would require them for settlement. If additional com-: pensation Jo the volunteers beyond the amount now authorized by law, shall be deemed just and proper, the Secretary; suggests that it will be better both for the government and the volunteers to' make such compensation by a direct ap propriation of money, or of government securities. This would give theui the full benefit of die appropriations made, while the government would, by keeping the lands until they shall be demanded for settlement, realize their full value. Affairs with the Indian tribes are in a; very unsettled and unsatisfactory condi tion. The large tribes of Cherokees, Chickasaws and Chockraws, situated in • the southern superintcndency, have sus- Dended ail intercourse with the agents of j the United States. The superintendent and agents appointed since the 4th of, March last have beeu unable to reach their posts or to hold any intercourse with the tribes under their charge. The su perintendent and some, if not all, of the agents of the southern superintenncncy, who were in office on the 4iii of March, have assumed an attitude of revolt to the United States, and have instigated the Indians to acts of hostility. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs expresses the opinion, in which the Sec retary concurs,that Congress should make the usual appropriations to comply with the treaty stipulations of the United States, that the means may exist to pay them, if circumstances and the condition of the ttibes shall hereafter render it proper aud expedient to do so. The whole number of pensioners of all classes on the rolls of the pension bureau on the 30th of June, 1801, was 10,700, requiring for their payment an aggregate of 8057,772 08. Why is the world like a piano ?—'Cause it is full of sharps aud flats. TERMS.--SI.OO PER ANNUM. Report of tlie B'ostniaiiter Gen eral. The Postmaster General's report states that the whole number of p6*t offices iu the United States on the 30th of June, 1861, was 28,586; and that the entire number of cases acted upou during the same period was 10,638, iucluding ap pointments made bv the Postmaster Gen era! was 9,235, and the number by the President during the same period 337. The aggregate earnings of the different trans-Atlantic steamship lines during the year ending June 30, IS6I, were 8302,- 887 63. The expenditures of the department in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1861, amounted to 813,696,759 II The expenditures were 1-1,874,772 89, showing a decrease iu IS6I of §1,268,- <Ol3 78. The gross revenue for the year IS6I, 'including receipts from letter carriers and from foreign postages, amounted to SB,- 1349,296 40. The estimated deficiency of mean 9 for ISOI, as presented in the annual report for this department December 3, 1859, was 85,988,424 04. Deducting the ac tual deficiency, 84,651,966 98, and there is an excess of estimated deficiency over actual deficiency of 81,436.457 06. i The revenue from all sources | during the year 1860, amount ed to $9,218,067 40 The revenue from all sources j duringtheyear 1801, amonut ed to 9,049.296 40 Decrease of revenue for 1861, $163,771 00 The net proceeds from post offices iu the loyal States for the fiscal years ending June CO, 1860, of $3,088,690 56, and in 1861, §3,801,486 08, showing an in crease in 1861 of §112,796 62; and in the disloyal States in 1860, §820,546 57, and in 1861. §677,706 70, showing a decrease in 1861 of 8142,839 81. The decrease in 1861 from the net pro ceeds of 1860 in all the States appears to be §30,043 29. Statement of the receipts and expendi tures of the disloyal States and amount alleged to be due to contractors; also, the amount actually paid to contractors from July 1. 1860, to May 31, 1801 : | Total expenditure §3.699.150 47 ; Total gross receipts 1,241,220 05 Excess of expenditures over receipts §2,457,930 42 Amount alleged 1o be due to contractors for transporta tion ' 3,135,637 12 Amount actually paid for trans portation * 2,323,061 63 Leaving amount alleged to be due and unpaid §312,595 49 The estimate of the total expenditures for 1862 is somewhat less than those of previous years heretofore submitted. This difference arises from the fact that only partial estimates arc made for the cost of postal service in states where it is now suspended. The appropriation for defenses in 1862 was §5,391,350 Go, while the amount estimated to be required from the Treas ury for iB6O, is §8,145,000. The whole number of ordinary dead letters received and examined during tho year was about 2.550,000. The number of these letters containing money, which were registered and sent out during tho year ending June 30, 1861, was 10,580. The number of dead letters returned unopened to foreign countries during the fiscal year was 111,147, which added to the number of domestic letters (103,880), sent out as above, gives the whole num ber sent out from the dead letter office for the year, 21-3,033. The result of suc cessful investigation in 7,560 cases, con firms the past experience of the depart ment, that the failure of a letter to roach its destination is, in the vast raajoiity of instances, the fault alone of the writer or sender. Out of the above 7,560 valuable dead letters, 3,095 were directed to the wrong office, 467 were imperfectly ad dressed ; 612 were directed to transient persons ; 257 to parties who had changed their residences; 821 were addressed to factitious persons or firms; 83 were un called for; 10 without any directions; 2,136 were not mailed for want of post age stamps ; 79 were mis-sent; and for the failure of postmasters to deliver 133, no satisfactory reason was assigned. The department therefore can justly be held responsible for the non delivery of but 212 of these letters. Much other valua ble data is given on this subject, and it is worthy of remark that out of 70,769 letters, before alluded to, originating in the loyal .States, and addressed to resi dents of disloyal States 40,000 could not be returned, cither because the signature of the writer was incomplete, or because the letter contained no clue to his resi dence. The experience of the Depart ment shows that a large proportion of do mestic letters written by educated persons, and particularly women, are deficient in one ojr both of these respects. In view of these and other facts the I'ostmaster- General suggests that valuable dead let ters, wheu returned to their owner*,should