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VOLUME XIV.--NUMBER 9.
TUB POTTER JOURNAL fCBLISHKD BY jH. H. McAlarney, Proprietor. SI.OO I'll YEA 11, INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. * * Devoted to the cause of Republicanism, 1 the interests of Agriculture, the advancement i u f Kducation, and the best good of Pbtter eount)*. Owning no guide except that of Principle, it will endcaver to aid in the work of more fully Freedom izing our Country. ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the following! tales, except where special bargains are made. 1 I Square [lO lines] 1 insertion, - - - 50 t a 3 " - - - $1 50 Each subsequent insertionlessthan 13, 25 I Square three mouths, ------- 250 I " gix " ------- 400 t " nine " ....... 550 t " one year, ....... 600 1 Column six months, - 20 00 !" • 10 00 " " - 7 00 " per year. - -- -- -- - 40 00 | ii u" u 20 00 Administrator's or Executor's Notice, 200 Business Card?, 8 lines or less, per year 5 00 Special and Editorial Notices, pet line, 10 frg-All transient advertisements must be paid in advance, and no notice will be taken of advertisements from a distance, unless tlicy arc accompanied by the money or satisfactory reference. and Job Work of all kinds, at tended to promptly and faithfully. ( BUSINESS CARDS. ETLaUA LODGE. No. 842, F. A M. STATED Meetings on the 2nd and 4th Wednes days of each month. Also Masonic gather ings oa every Wednesday Evening, for work and practice, at their Mali in Coudersport. TIMOTHY IVES, W. XI. SAMUEL HAVEN. Sec'y. JOIIN M ANN, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several Courts in Potior and Xl'Kean Counties. All business entrusted in his care will receive prompt attention. Ulhce corner of West and Third streets. ARTHUR G. OLMSTED, ATTORNEY A COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will attend to all business entrusted to his cure, with promptues and lidt ity. Office on Soth-west corner of Main and Fourth streets. ISAAC BENSON. " ATTORNEY AT LAW, Coudersport. Pa., will attend to all business entrusted to him, with care and promptness. Office on £seeoud St.. near the Allegheny Bridge. F. \Y. KNOXT ATTORNEY AT LAW. Coudersport, Pa., will regularly attend (he Courts in Potter and the adjoining Counties. O. T. ELLISON, PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudersport, Pa., respectfully informs the citizens of the vil lage and vicinity that he will promply rc ipoud to all calls for professional services. Office on Main St., in building formerly oc cupied by C. W. Ellis. Esq. C. S. k E. A JONES, DEALERS IN DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS Oils, Fancy Articles, Stationery, Dry Good:. Groceries, Ac., Main St., Coudersport, Pa. D. K. OLMSTED, DEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY-MADF. Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, Ac., Main St., Coudersport, Pa. COLLINS SMITH, DEALER in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provision*. Hardware, Queensware, Cutlery, and all Goods usually found in a country Store.— Coudersport, Nov. 27, 1861. M. W. MANX, r DEALER IN BOOKS & STATIONERY, MAG AZINES and Music, N. W. corner of Hair d Third sts., Coudersport, Pa. COUDERSPORT HOTEL" D F. GLASSMIRK, Proprietor, Corner ol Main and .Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot ter Co., Pa. A Li very Stable is also kept in connec tion with Uiis Hotel. L. HI RD. SURVEYOR, CONVEYANCER, Ac., BROOK LAND, PH., (formerly Cushingville.j Office in Ilia Store building. MARK GILLON, TAl..Oß—nearly opposite the Court House— will make all clothes intrusted to him in the latest and best styles—Prices to suit times.—Give hiin a" call. 13.41 ANDREW SAN BERG A: BROS. TANNERS AND CURRIERS.—Hides tanned on the shares, in the best manner. Tan nery 011 the east side of Allegany river. Coudersport, Potter county, Pa—Jy 17/61 *• J. olmstkd. :::::::::: s. D. kklly OLMSTED k KELLY, JEALEIt in STOVES, TIN & SHEET IRON M ARE, Main st., nearly opposite the Court House, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware made to ordei in good style, on •hort notice. " THE UNION " " ARCH STREET, ABOVE THIRD, Philadelphia. UPTON 8. NEWCOMER, Proprietor. This Hotel is central, convenient by P**senger cars to all parts of the city, and in **ery particular adapted to the wants of the business public. 7 UNION HOTEL, VOCDERSPOHT, POTTER COUM'Y, P.ENN., H, LS. ARMSTRONG AY ING retitted and newly furnished the housa on Main street, recently occupied &y R. Rice, is prepared to accommodate the raveling public in as good style as cau be had i Q town. Nothing that can in nnv way in crease the comfort? of the guests will be ue- Dec ii,its: (§&lj e potter fpo#trtt#le THE YOUNG WIDOW. She is modest, but not bashful ; Free and easy, but not bold ; Like an apple—ripe and mellow; Not too young and not too old. Half inviting, half repulsing: Now advancing, and now shy; There is mischief in her dimple, There is danger in her eye. She ha 3 studied hntnan nature, She is schooled in all the arts; She ha 3 taken the diploma As the mistress of all henrt3. She can tell the very moment When to sigh and when to stnilej Oh. a maid is sometimes charming, But the widow all the while! Are yon sad? how very serious Will her '"handsome" face become, Are you angry? she is wretched, Lonely, friendless, fearful, dumb ; Are you mirthful? how her laughter, Silver sounding, will ring out; She can lure, and catch, and play you, As the angler dees the trout. I Yon old widowers of fifty, Who have grown so bold aud wise, Young Americans of twenty With the love-locks in your eyes, You may practice all your lessons Taught by Cupid since the fall, But I know a little widow Who could win and fool you all. Huh They Did It. They were sitting side by side, And he sighed and then silt sighed. Said he "My thirling idol ?" Aud he idled, and then she idled. "You are creation's belle,'' Ana she bellowed, and then lie bellowed, i. , , "On my soul there's such a weight. And he waited and then she waited. I "Your hand I ask, so bold I've grown," And he groaned and then she groaned. ! "And you shall have your private gig." And she giggled, and then he giggled. ] Said she, "My dearest Luke," And lie looked and then she looked. "I'll have thee if thou wilt " I And she wilted, and then he wilted. J Tlic Bag of Beans. In a country village of New England 'there dwelt not many years since a law yer and physician, both inte'ligent, edu jcatedmen; both members of the same church They have both passed away, but not without doiug some good IU the world. .Just ten years ago this month,one frosty uioruing, there walked into that village a little boy, looking very tired and deso late. II is garments were old, but neatlv patched; his hands and face were clean, and his hair smoothly combed ; withal, there was about him a moat attractive air of decent poverty. So thought Dr. A. as he drew near tlie lad, who had seated himself upon a stone opposite his gate. '•What arc you thinking about, my lit tle man ?" he kindly listed. The boy started, stared at the doctor with his grout brown eyes, as mucb as to say, can it be that such as you lake any interest in me? then the tears began to trickle over his bronzed checks, and fell upon his patched garments. The doctor was moved. He patted the boy kindly on his head, and again asked what he was thinking of. The child seemed reassured, and, despite his choking sobs, exclaimed : "I was thinking, if God would only open away for me to become great and good like YOU, how I might help my dear mother, who is working her life out to get bread for her children." The doctor himself now brushed a tear from his eve, and softly said, still keep ing his hand upon the boy's head." Good you can certainly become; great too in virtue ; and all other greatness God is able to add thereto. Take heart, my son —act if you would be " "Oh, sir, if you would only help me," exclaimed the lad, springing up and con fronting liis new found friend with glow ing face and sparkling eyes. The graceful attitude of the child, the seeming firmness of his purpose turned the scale with the doctor. "I do not need you, child," he said, "but I will take you and give you a start; may God help you to do the rest. You may be my chore boy 1 will board, clothe, and teach you till you can do better No thanks, lad; but take uiv horse there to the stable, and tend him carefully." The boy silently obeyed, and his bene factor turned away. The hcait ot both were full of gratitude—the child for hi new fouud home, and its duuor's for the rich a.-surauce that he was but doing his Maker's bidding. Neither the boy nor his patron had ev er reason to regret the decision of that morning. The one proved a kind and considerate master, the other a careful, diligent servant. Ilis evenings the boy eagerly spent in study, and quickly mas tered ail the branches taught in district schools. Here he might have stopped, JkbokD to tl)e of Jrqo jfatyochfcy, JtnO % of ?j]oh|h'ly, 9i)o COUDERSPORT, FOTTER COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1862. despite his longing, and have passed (he rest of his days in humble, honest pover ty, had not a most trivial incident turned the whole curreut of his life. One morning the good doctor, in his daily visit to the stable, while rummaging in his hay-mow, stumbled upon a bag full if beans —a half bushel of nice, fresh beans. Here was a mystery. How came they there? To whom did they beiong ? Was there anything wrong about it?— His wife cou'd tell him nothing ; so he had recourse to Jau.es. The buy colored, hesitated, stammered, uud then was si lent altogether. A faiut suspicion flashed across the doctor's mind. Could it be? No! lie flung the idea from him at once Hon esty was stamped upon every feature of that manly face. The boy seemed to rend, by intuition, his every thought. Again he put him self in the half tragic attitude of his first appeal to the doetor. and exclaimed, "A thief I No; I'd sooner die than touch what did not belong to me. Those beans my mothei Saved to help me bnv a Latin grammar with. Do you think I could be untiue to .*r/t a mother's teachings?*' "No, my lad." said the doctor, firmly graspii g his hand, "and your mother may well be proud of such a son. Henceforth the way to learning shall be no thorny one to you. if friends can help you." So it proved. The physician ami law yer went hand in hand in such works of benevolence; the large heart of the one und the abundant means of the other went well together. Their kindly inter est and good advice oheeied on the strug gling boy. Books lie had in abundance; and when the time came fur him to begin his student career amongst new scenes and faces, their influence fuuud him a place where his nutive powers could bc giu to carve out his de3tiny. That destiny is now well assured. The forlorn, distrusting chore boy is now the self-possessed, honored professor. Nature had given hitn a comely person, and the graces have been kind to him His home is amongst the educated, the polished, and the re6ned ; yet he is not now untrue to his mother's teachings; and now even lie grasps her homely hand just as warm ly as lie did on the day when he took from it the bag of beans wherewith to buy bis first grammar. As we have said before, his kind pat rons have gone to their reward ; went before the poor lad, whom they cheeied, hud rewarded by his achievements, their kindly efforts; but we doubt not from heaven they look down with loving hearts upon .his worthy son of their adoption. Child of penury, God is no respecter of persons. He who runueth wiiiueth the race. Mail of means. "Cast thy bread upon ihe waters." "God levelh a cheerful giver." •J APKNKSK NVAITLHS —A waiting-iliaid kneel* at the side or behind the guut. to pour out his tea or sakeli, removes the shell from the egg with skiiiful handling of the chopsticks, seperates the fish from the bones, and prepares it for your plate; nay, even wiil feed you, if you find it im possible to pick up your food with two straight sticks, laughing all the while at your clumsiness. The repast finished, toothpicks come in on a little salver— toothpicks of scented sassafras or laurel wood —and with them a little brazier ot coals, for lighting pipes or cigars. The obliging damsels then brought in wooden head rests or pillows, and placing them where the cool breeze swept tiiro igh the room, invited us to our siesti. The J Jos lonian could not resist the temptation of being fanned to sleep by the watchful bare armed Ilebe, who wooed the ztphvrs to liim, and we soon lapsed in forgetful ness, while I took my scat in the low window that looked out into the arbor of mats, the travelled highway, and across the street into a neighbor's bouse, where a young lady was having her hair done up'for the afternoon. Services Rendered. The Da Hi/ Stat* Juurnuly the home organ of President Lincoln, says that as Gen. Cam'M iiii has new gone out of office, it must nut be forgotten that the nation owes him a debt of gratitude for what he has done. His extinordinary business entrgy created and equipped a great ar mv with rapidity unexampled in history. Now that tiiis am yis fairly in the field its direction devolves oti the General in- Chief Its future supplies wiil reach it by an established routine; the dure* of the department will be much less arduous than when everything had to be extem porized without adequate facilities. Let us hope that this resignatiou marks the opening of a new era in the conduct of the war. and that the vigor of prepara tion which has distinguished the admin istration of ex-Secretary Cameron may ke followed by the terrible energy of actual war. under the leadership of General McClellan. 4®"*Advertise iu the JOURNAL. A Bicture of Home. I recall a home long since left behind iu the journey ol life, and its memory floats back over me with a shower of emo tions and thoughts towards whose precious fail tny heart opens itself greedily like n thirsty flower. It is a home among the mouTituiiis—humble and homely, but priceless in the wealth of associations. The water fail sings again in my ears as it used to through the dreamy, mysterious night. The rose at the gate, the patch uf tansy under the window, the neigh boring orchard, the elm, the grand ma chinery of storms and showers, the little smithy under the hill, that flamed with strange light through the dull winter evenings, the wood pile at the door, the ghostly white birches on the hill, and the cim blue haze on the retiriug tnonutaius, —all these come back to me with an ap peal that touches my heart and tuoisteus my eyes. 1 sat again in the doorway, at summer night-fall, eating my bread and milk, looking off upon the darkening landscape, and iifteuing to the shouts Upon the hill side, calling or diiving home the reluc tant herds. I watch again the devious way of the dusky tiiglithawk along the twilight sky, aud listen to his uieasu r ed note, and the breezy boom that accom panies his headlong piunge toward the earth. Even the old barn, crazy in every tim ber aud gapping at every joint, has charms for me. 1 try again the breathless leap from the great beams into he hay. 1 sit again upon the threshold of the widely open doors —open to the soft south wind uf spring—and watch the cattle, whose faces look half human to me as they sun themselves, and peacefully ruminate, while drop by drop the melting snow on the roof drills holes through the wasting drift between the eaves. The lirst little lambs of the season tot tle by the side of their dams and utter their leeble bleatings, while the flocks nibble at the hay-rack, or a pair of rival wethers try the strength of their skulls in au encounter, half iu earnest, kaif iu play The proud old rooster crows upon his th.roue, and some delighted member of his silly family leaves her nest and tell? to her mates aud to me that there is another egg in the world. The old horse whinnies in his stall, and culls to me for his food. I look up to the ruut, uud think of last year's swallows— soon to return again—have a glimpse of angular sky through the diamond shaped opening that gave them inuress and egress. IJovv, 1 know not. but that old barn is a purl of myself, it has enteted iuto iit'c aud given IUC growth and wealth. But I look into the house again, where the lite abides which has appropriated these things, and finds among tlieui its home. The hour uf eveuing has come, the lamps are lighted, and a good mau in middle life—though very old iie seeuis to inc —takes down a bible and reads a chapiter froui its hallowed pages A sweet woman sits at his side with uiv sleepy head upon t.er knees, and brothers and sistcis grouped reverently mound me. I do not understand tiie words, but 1 have been told that they are the words of God, and I believe it. The long chapter ends, and then we all kneel down, ami the good mau prays. 1 tall asleep with my head in the ciiuir, and the next morning re member nothing how I went to bed. After the breakfast the lJible is taken down, and the good mail prays again, aud again is the worship repeated through all the days of many golden years. The plea ant converse of the fireside songs of home, the words of encouragement as I bent over my school tasks, the kiss as I lie down to rest, the patient bearing with the freaks of mv nature, the gentle couu sels mingled with rep-oval, the sympathy that meets and assuages every sorrow and sweetens every little success, all these return to me amid the responsibilities which press upon me now, and I feel as if I had once lived in IJeaveu and stray ing had lost my way. Weli, til • goud man grew old and weary, aud fell asleep with blessings upon Ins head lor me borne of those who called him father, lie side by side in the same calm slpep. The others are scattered and dwell in new homes, and ttie old hou-e and bain have passed into the hands of strange r 3, who have learned or are learn ing: to look upon theui as I do now. Lost, ruined, forever left behind, that home is mine today, as truly as it ever was, tor have I not brought it away with me and shown it to you? It was the home of my boyhood. In it 1 found my first uieutal food, aud by it my young soul was fashioned. To nie, through weary ycats and many dangers and sor rows, it has been a perennial fountain of delight and purifying influences, simply because it is my home, arid is a part of uie. The rose at the gate bluouis for mc now —aud I hear the voices which call me from lips which memory makes im mortal. for the JOURNAL. Alfreds Teach something, and but One Thing at a Timet "Children who have the habit of list ening to words without understanding them, yawn and writhe with manifest symptoms of disgust, whenever they are compelled tn hear sounds which couvey no idea 3to their minds. All supernu merary words should be avoided iu culti vating the power of attention. "A few years ago, a gentleman brought two Esq ui max to London, lie wished to amuse, and at the sStne time to astonish them, with the magnificence of the me tropolis. For this purpose, after having equipped them like English gentlemen; he took them out one morning, to walk through the strerts of London. They walked several hours in silence; they ex pressed neither pleasure nor admiration at anything they saw. When their walk was ended they appeared uncommonly melancholy and stupified. As soon as tl.ey got home, they sat down, with her elbows upon their knees, and hid their faces betweeu their hands. The only winds they could be brought to utter were : 'Too much smoke—too much noise —too much houses —too much men—too much every tiling ' "Some people who attend public Ice tares cn natural philosophy, with the ex pectation of being much amused and in structed, go home with feelings similar to thone of the poor Esquimaux : they feel that they have hud too much of every thing. The lecturer lias not had time to explain his terms, nor to repeat them till ihey are distinct in the memory of his au dience. With children, every mode of instruction must be hurtful, which fa tigues attention; therefore a skillful in structor will, as much as possible, avoid the manner of teaching, to which the public lecturer is iu some degree com pelled by his situation. "—Maira Eiljc icorth. THE UTILITY OF REFUSE THINGS. — 1 The prussiate of potash is made in large ■ quantities in Cincinnati, from the hoofs, horns, and other refuse of slaughtered igrunters. Cow-hair, taken from the ; hides of tanneries, is employed for mail jing plastering mortar, to give it a fibrous quality, Sawdust is sold for sprinkling the floors of markets. It is also used for packing ice for shipping. The rags of old, wornout shirting, calico dresses, and the waste of cotton factories, are employ ed to make the paper upon, which these lines are printed. Old ropes are convert ed into fine note paper, and the waste paper itself, which is picked Up in the gutters is a train reconverted into broad, white sheets, and thus do duty revolving stages. The parings of skins and hides, and the ears of cows, calves and sheep, are carefully collected and converted into glue. The finer qualities of gelatine arc made from ivory raspings the bones aud tendons of animals. — Bones converted into charcoal by roasting MI retorts are afterwards employed for purifying the white sugar with which we sweateii our coffee, etc. The ammonia obtained from the distillation of Coal in making gas, is employed for saturating orchil and cudbear, in making the beauti ful lilac colors that arc dyed on silk and tine woolen goods. Carbonic acid, ob tained in the distillation of coal tar, is cut plowed with other acids to produce beautiful yellow on silk and wool. A CAPITAL IIIT. —An editor, while attending service in a church, was greatly struck with the vocal efforts of the lead ing singer, and with great difficulty he succeeded in phonographing oue of the stanzas, as follows . "Waw-kaw, swaw, daw aw waw, Thaw saw, thaw law aw waw. Wtw-ka, law thaw, vaw-vaw braw, Aw thaw raw jaw saw aw." He subsequently ascertained to his in tense astonishment, that this was the verse sung ; '•Welcome sweet day of rest, That saw the Lord arise, Welcome to this reviving breast, And these rejoicing eyes." "Oh my friend," said a doctor to an Iri#h patient, " be composed ; we must all die once." "And it's that vexes me." replied Pat ; "If I could die a half dozen times, I'd not care a cent about this time." DOMESTIC COOKERY. —To make a sau sage Roll—Carry your sausage carefully to the top of the nearest hill, and truudle it carefully down. To make a trifle—Buy Fun for a penny, and sell it at its true value. Jam tart —Place your tart in the hinges of the door, and close briskly. Open tart —Insert your knife carefully, and lift off the upper crust. To Collar Deef—Watch your opportu nity. snatch tfp briskly, and carry borne under your coat. Rum Sbrub—Place your pastry in a firo OVCD, aud forget all about. TERMS,--SI.OO PER ANNUM. DOES TICKS BESPECTFULLY INQVI&SIH : WHAT DO TIIE WOMEN WANT US TO DO ABOUT TUE WAR ? Oue reason why it is so difficult id please a woman id, that she seldom boo** herself what the Wants. In uiOlt diises it is as hard to satisfy a Woman nS it would be to content a captain who would sH you to steer his ship and Wotildd't ♦ you whether he wanted you to go to Jei sev or to Japan. They wouldn't be sni isbed, wbatever you do. Especially i" the matter of war. Particularly in the matter of the present war. Tour wife; or mother, of sister; of Whoever may bd th 3 Woman that owns you, refuses to be content, no matter what you do. tf yod don't join a military company, she sulks; insinuates that you aie a coyrard, turn? up her nose, and "wishes she W&5 it tUitb '* If you do join said company, she scold? about the expense, grumbles about thd loss of time, and prow is whenever you gd to drill; though in spite of her growling; she always saves the dhoibest part of thH dinner for you when you do coiuC; Then she laughs at you, and calls you d "dressed up monkey," the first time she sees you in uniform ; and then, as soon as you are gone out of the house; slid rushes over to Mrs. .Jones to tell what J "splendid officer'' her husband is, and how "magnificent" he looks in his heW military dress. Then, if yoUr regiment is ordered away, and you insinuate 11 at "business affairs" will keep yotl at hocud; all her the is blazing in an instant, and she upbraids you for "backing out'' at the critical moment, and insinuates that yotl are a "play boy soldier;" and then slid wishes she were a uiau—she'd show folks how to fight. Then, when you finally make up your mind to go to the seat of war, she hurts into wet tears which spots your new uniform and tarnish the lace ofl your sleeves, aud thinks, "you ought to be ashamed to go ofl and leave your fam ily." She vows "she don't believe yoil care a straw for your Wife, or a Cent Fof your sweet children she "knows yud would rather he anywhere than at home," and "wishes she were a man ; she'd teacli the President better than to scud mod away from their families." Then. when the day comes foi - you td start, she vows that she "will never speak to you again if you persi.-t in goilig."— Theu, when you take a paper out Of your pocket, and pretend to read a furlough from the commandant, excusing you and giving you leave to stay at home, slid throws her apron over her head, sits d<>wri on the flcor and hovvis aloud, "to thick she should have a coward fol ; a hUsbaud" —that her "husband should be afraid td go to the wars." And then, when you tell her that it's all a mivtuke, and that you are going after all, she howls louder than ever, because "she knows vou will be killed, or she feels it in her that you will come home with two Wood' en legs, and theu how can yoti lake her to the Academy on opera night ? Then she resorts in turn to every one of tin# immense lists of female tactics td keep you at home; she weej s, she bantersi she pokes fun at you —she wishes she Wa* a man—she gets mad—she sulks—shd threatens to go home to her mother—slid coaxes—she "won't ever live with you another day"—she scolds, she entreaty and, as a last rCsort she faitits—ib Ihiif case she always falls into your arms, if you uiake au offer to catch her; if yoti don't offer, aud if it's early in the mottl ing, and she hasn't made her bed vet,- she'll fail on the bed ; but if the bed is nicely made up, she'll fall on the Carpet, so r.s not to must the bed ; if the fainting dodge dou't work, aud you still are re-f solved to go, she vows she "hates you, and that shc'ii never speak to you again/' and then, in order to prove the bitterness ot her hate, she goes off and packs your haversack full of the dainties and delica cies of the season ; tiien ; after all, at the very latest moment, she domes and throws her arms around yiur neck, and whispers that she "loves you best of all in the world," and that she'lll "be such a good girl until! you conic back," and that "she'll take such good ca:e of the chil dren," and that "you mustn't fret about her." and that she will write every bless ed day, and that you must write as often as you can, and that she "luces you best; best,' aud a thousand other little mes sages for you. but all kind and loving; aud all told without a tear —for he doesn't cry now until yoti are out of she house; then when you are gone, she weeps like a shower bath tor half an houf then suddenly stops shoit, wipes her eyes; aud doesn't waste uuotiier loir uutii she sees you again. That's the way they all do ; and talk as peacefully as you can; she is never satisfied in her heart till sht# sees you in uniform. "Good morning, Mr Henpcck, you any daughters that would make good type-setters?" "Not exactly, but I have a Wife that would make a first-rate 'devil.'" The reason the officers are so numerous in the rebel artuv is, because there have been so tuaDv contrabands lift tenant* f the plantations.