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VOLUME XVI.--NUMBER 40.
THE POTTEII JOURNAL PUBLISHED BY H. W. Mc Vlarney, Proprietor. $1.50 PR YEA it, INVARIABLY IN' ADVANCE. Devoted to the curiae of Republicanism, the interests of Agriculture, the advancement of Education, and the best good of Potter county. Owning no guide except that ot Principle, it will endeavef to aid iu the woFk of more fully Freedoraizing our Country. ADVERTISEMENTS inserted at the following rates, except where special bargains are made. 1 Square flO lines] 1 insertion, - - - $1 00 j H L i 3 44 -- - 2OU Each subsequent insertion less than 3, 40 I Square three months - - 4 00 1 u six iL a. ----- - iOO 1 44 nine 44 ------- 10 0 0 1 44 one year, ------- 12 00 1 Column six months, 30 00 i ( < 44 ------- 17 00 ? u u 44 10 00 1 44 per year. -------- 50 00 J un - SO 00 Administrator's or Executor's Notice, 300 Business Cards, 8 lines or less, per year 5 00 Special and Editorial Notices, per line, 20 * *AII transient advertisements must be paid in advance, and-no notice will be taken of advertisements from a distance, unless they are accompanied by the money or satisfactory reference. and Job Work of all kinds, at tended to promptly and faithfully. TJUSUtESS CARDS. XT' ■ •Free and Accepted Ancient York Masons. Ell L ALL A LODGE. No. 342, F A M. • STATED Meetings on the 2nd and 4th Wednes days of each month. Also Masonic gather ings on every Wednesday Evening, for work and practice, at their Hall in Coudersport. I). C. LARRIBEE, W. M. M. W. McALARNEY, Sec'y. jo U N ST M AXX, ATTORNEY AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW, Coudersport, Pa., will attend the several Courts in Potter and M'Kear. Counties. All business entrusted in his cure will receive prompt attention- Otlice corner of West and Third streets. * ARTHUR G. OLMSTED, -'ATTORNEY Si COUNSELLOR AT LAW Coudersport, Pa., will attend to all business trusted to his care, with prcaiptnes ami lit ity. Otlice on Sotk-west corner of Me.in and Fourth streets. ISAAC BCNSON ATTORNEY AT LAW, Ooudersport, Pa., rib atterd to ill business entrusted to him, with care and promptness. Office on Second St., near the Allegheny Bridge. ~T~ F. W. KNOX, ATTORNEY AT LAW, CoudcspcrLPa., V "11 regularly attend the Courts in Potter and the adjoining Counties. ' (). T. LIAISON, PRACTICING PHYSICIAN, Coudersport, Pa., respectfully informs the citizens ot' the vil lage and vicinity that he will prom ply re spond to all calls for professional services. Office on Main St., in" building formerly oc cupied by C. W. Ellis, Esq. 0. S. <fc E. A. JONES, DEALERS IN" DRUGS, MEDICINES, PA TNT.? Oils, Fancy Articles Stationery, Dry Good:, Groceries, Ac., Main >t., Coudersport, Pa. D. E. OLMSTED^ DEALER IN DRY GOODS, READY-TADE Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, Ac., Main st., Coudersport, Pa. " .COLLINS SMITH, DEALER in Dry (L.ods,Groceries, Provisions. Hardware, Queensware, Cutlery, and all floods ustlally found in a country Store. — Coudersport, Nov. 27, 1861. " COT DEIISPOUT HOTEL, D. E. GLAS?MIRE, Proprietor, Corner o- Maiu and Second Streets, Coudersport, Pot ter Co., Pa. A Livery Stable is also kept in connect tion with this Hotel. H. J. OLMSTED, DEALER IN STOVES, TIN k SHEET 1 IRON WARE, Main st., nearly opposite the Court House, Coudersport, Pa. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware made to order, ir. good style, on short notice. If)C. 11. MILLER J. C. M'ALAKNKY. & McALARMII, ATTOIi NEY S-AT-L A \V. HAH HIS 13 UII Gr, PA., V GENTS for the Collection of Claii is against the United States and State Go - ■crnments, such as Pension, Bounty, Arrcai ; •of Pay &c. Addres" Box 05, Harrisburg, Pa. Pension Sounty and War Claim Agency. IJENSIONS procured for soldiers of the _ present war who are disabled by reason of wounds received or disease contractracted while in the service of the United States ; and pensions, bounty, and arrears of pay obtained for widows or heirs of those who have died or been killed while in service. All Ictte of inquiry promtly answered, and on receipt V. mail of a statement of the e ase of claimant I will forward the necessary papers for their signature. Fee's in Pension cases as fixed by law. REFKREXCBS. —Hon. ISAAC BENSON, Hon. A. G. OLMSTED, J. S. MANN, Esq., F. \V. KNOX, Esq. DAN BAKER, Claim Agent Couderport Pa. June 8, '61.-ly. HOWARD ASSOCIATION, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 1 ISEASES of the Nervous, Seminal, Urina ij ry and sexual sj stems—new and reliable treatment —in reports of the HOWARD AS SOCIATION—sent by mail in sealed let er envelopes, free of charge. Address, Dr. T. SKILL IN HOUGHTON, Howard Association , No. 2 South Ninth Street, Philadelphia, Pa, jyl3lßti4. PefiOLEIJH. BY A PUPIL OK PACKIia INSTITUTE. The shades of night were falling fast, As thro' a Western village passed A man, whose future golden name Hung trembling on the magic name, Petroleum ! His brow was sad, but his eye was bright With the haunting vision day and night, And in his ear this word was rung, Like music from a fairy tongue, Petroleum 1 0 In cabin homes he saw a light, Which flickered thro' the starless night. lfis heart was growing sad and lone, And from his lips escaped a groan, Petroleum 1 • Vet on he pressed with weary tread, Dark rose the tempest overhead ; The mountain winds went whistling by, And mocked his sad despairing cry, Petroleum ! "Beware the bfanch of the withered tree ! Beware of swamps and mud to the knee !" These were the words of the cautious sire, Lost in thai word which echoed higher, Petroleum 1 "Try not the pass !" the peasant cried, "The rocks are ragged, the Chasm wide, The oily river is rushing by," l>ut thepurpose leaped from his flashing eye, Petroleum ! At break of day, when sunlight spread Its halo of glory Over his head, A scene iu the distance caught his eye, His heart upsprung with the Joyful cry, Petroleum! The goal was retched, and patient toil Drew from the earth its wealth of Oil, And now repaid for his anxious care, Uis clarion voice rings thro' the air, Petroleum ! Ll>l4\ COBB. Nearly thirty years ago we published the following brief sketch of this distitr guished author, whoss death is just an nounced. We re-publisii the statement as a confirmation of the truth of Phre nology, as well a3 for a mark of respect toward one so worthy His life has ver ified al-l that we thea said ef him. We quote: "Lyman Cobb, the distinguished Amer ican lexicographer, possess a rare head and one that pre?>eots many striking proofs of pUrenolegicaJ science, but our limits will allow us only to glance at a few of his leading developments. His head is large, and his Temperament highly fa vorablc lor activity an£ endurance. The domestic and social organs, except Ama tivencss, arc nil large or very large, which, combining with his very large Benevolence and small selfish organs, impart to his affections and attachments a purity, strength, and ardor seldom equaled iu the gentler sex. His Hope is so large as to make htm quite sanguine in his expectations.. His firmness is very large, which makes Mm stable and de cided when he ha 3 made up his mind, and quite persevering in the accomplish ment of hi? purposes; and his Combat iveness and Dcstructiveuess are sufficient to give him great energy of character But the most striking and interesting develoDtneut in his head is his Conscien tiousness. Although his Firmness is very large, yet this organ rises above it on each side. Iu the phreuological view, therefore, we might reasonably suppose that in making this head the Creator designed to present to the world a per fect specimen of an honest man. II is Self Esteem is moderate, his Approbat iveness large, and his Cautiousness very iarge; hence his excessive diffidence, modesty, and amiability of character; and this combined with his excessive Conscientiousness, makes him feel too unworthy, and gives him a disposition allow others to encroach upon his rights. His very large Benevolence joined with his moderate Acquisitiveness makes him liberal to excess, especially toward his friends. His reasoning qualities are of a high order, his critical acumen unsur passed. Ilis Form is very large, and this added to his very large Weight and large Size and Locality, enables him instantly to detect a typographical error or inaccuracy in spelliug by a mere glance of the eyo." We add: The Temperament was ner vous-bilious, or motive-mental, and as he advanced in years the mental-vital had the ascendency. The vital organs, heart, lungs, stomach, etc., were all la rge. lie was broad, tall, and strong, with an up right figure and a manly bearing There was something of the Calhoun or Jack son m his general beariug and make-up of organization, and he was both firm, dignified, and persevering. A man of action and resolution, ho was seldom or never idle long at a time, and with his iron will and almost iron constitution, with exceedingly temperate habits, he was enabled to work almost perpetually, and even with but a moderate degree of sleep. Our portrait fails to do him jus tice, at least iu one respect. His Intel* Sooted to fye fritf6si& of IHO # 1S > 3 SmdWHfon 4 :W®N#fc Vfy&fi* W* ***> COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY JANUARY 25, 1865. lect was more eapacious than is here and although the hair grew down upon the forehead, the mass of brain above the ear was really very great —which was the case with Noah V. eb ster, Calhoun, and many others. Ac quisitiveness was moderate, as was Se eretiveness, and ho was frank, candid, jpen-hearted, and generous to a fault, tie was eminently devotional, just, sin cere, and trusting —a ruan of high prin ciple and of sterling worth, tie was amiable, joyous and hopeful. llis great est faults were those which affected himself, and those dependent upon him, rather tiiaa others. His desire to do good, and to confer favors on the world was so great that he even became im provident and almost neglectful of his personal affairs. He was the father of a large and very interesting family ot both sons and daughters, who have grown up intelligently aud virtuously, and so far as we kuow, are well settled in life. Our relations with Mr. Cobb were always mere or less intimate, and we counted him one of our best friends, aud have more than once had occasion to avail ourselves of his literary services, in pre paring the manuscript of inexperienced authors for the press. And in parting with him, although he had reached a ripe old age, we feel have lost s frieud indeed. But what is our loss may be bis gain. Peace to his spirit. The following brief biographical sketch will interest cur readers. Lyuian Cobb was born in Stockbridge, Berkshire County, Mass., September IS, 1800. His father died in 180'J, and leaving a large family of children, Lyman started at that early ago to provide for himself, and moved to the central part of New York. At the age of nineteen he printed his first spelling bock, and at the time was occupied in tcachiug school lie sold the copyright of his bock to the publishers at Ithica for Tompkins County tor 31,000, which yielded at one half a cent per copy during the term of tweuty ei<rht years, twenty five thousand dollars. The "publication of his spelling-book reached millions of copies, being used ift nearly every school in the State of New York. He wrote the following books : "Speller," "Expositor," "Dictionary,' a series of five Reading Books, a Speaker, Primary Arithmetic, Higher Arithmetic, Miniature Lexicon, Corporeal Punish ment, and upward of sixty or seventy small illustrated juveuile works. The abolishment of corporal punish ment was for vears his hobby. At every school convention or public educational meeting he by resolution ascertained the sense of the meeting, and agitated the question, and the public became awakened to that extent that the Public School Society of New lork ordered two copies of his work to be furnished each school, aud tfie teacher recommended to read the same at least once iu each year. The children of the present day owe an im mense amount to hiui tor the changes produced through his efforts in school discipline. For many years he labored regularly twenty hours each day, rising at. live xnd reliving at one AM. And upon Sunday his recreatiou and rest was attending three services at church and visiting two Sabbath schools, aud address ing the children on each day. This immense amount of labor and want of rest made sad havoc upon his constitu tion, and made the last lew years of his life painful through sufferings. lie was an active member of the Prison Association, Public School Society (Chair man of No. 5 for many years), New Ycrk Historical Society, and a great friend and rcqueut visitor of the Colored Home, Home of the Friendless, Five Points Mission, and House of Refuge, the latter especially, at which places whenever he visited always addressing the children. He was au earnest Christian in the com munion' of the Protestant Episcopal Dliuich, but liberal iu his views. His unfinished work* were "The Na ioual Dictionary," large quarto, upon svhicb he had labored some years : a Bible Dictionary, upon which three years' abor had beeu spent, and a Concordance. In the year endiug October, 1857, his ucome from all sources was SB,GOO. lie lied at Colesburg, Potter Co., l'a., Octo ber 20, 180-i, aged sixty-four years. He had been confined to his bed for over ,wo years.— From the " Phrtnolojical Journal. t - u* -1 r How HE DID IT. —A committee called >n a flourishing tradesman to solicit a sub scription for the support of a clergyman. "Can't do it, gentlemen," was the reply ; "I gave five dollars to the Rev. Mr. P— —, yesterday." After much persuasion, however, they succeeded in getting him to put down a like amount for the Rev. Mr. R , and departed with thanks; but a minute afterwards he was overheard giving the following directions to au assistant: "Draw off five dollars' worth of liquor md fill with water. Take it out of the row of casks next to those you watered yesterday for the Rev. Mr. P "WASTED—A BOIV The fact that we have not seen half a dozeu " boys" in as many years, iuduces us f o jot down some thoughts under the above caption. We beg to inform the public that wo do not want another ap prentice just uow,so the "wanted" —must be considered as serving "to point a mor al," aud not as an advertisement. We suspect that the species "Boy," has gone after that "lost tribe" of Featberdom —"The Do, Do." Certainly we have Dot seen oue of the species oltener thau once a quarter, for ten years. True— there are a plenty of nomiual boys every where j that is to say, there is uo lack of bipeds in short coats and caps, with smooth faces, "of stubble." Bnt these are not the beys of a not very distant day. They appear as such to the eye, but when one sees them on the street, or hears them speak) the illusion vaoishes. The boy that we knew ten years ago has departed aDd left little trace behind. We remember that he occasionally came into our office, almost always on errauds for his father, or some grown-up person, aud seldom, if ever, to sit in our arm chair, scribbling on our exchanges, talk to the printers, or meddle with the type He came in, told his errand ; if a cold morning, warmed his toes, aud went his way. We do not recollect that he whis tled Yankee Doodle, or drummed on the table. He may have done so, but it has uot been remembered The boy we knew ten years ago never appears to us now iu the street. We miss him wouderfully. He used to bow and say "Good morning," uud uever said "bully for you," as men passed along the streets. We do uot lecollect of seeiug'the boy of ten years ago with a pipe, or a cigar in his mouth ; and alas, that we should have to say it !—we never saw the boy of ten years ago DitUNK. We never saw him reeling ou the side-walk aud disgus ting the passers-by with Lis maudlin ana awkward profanity. We do uot remem ber to havesceu him sittiug iu the stores and groceries by the hour, chewing tobacco guzzling beer, aud making himself, in some of the lowest respects, the equal ol grown-folks who do these things. The boy of ten years ago did not require as much room, ether at home or in a crowd, as docs the boy of to-day.— The latter is the loudest talker in a crowd of men,while at home he too often requires as much attention aud grooming as a val uable horse. He claims all the favors, shirks all the "hardships," as ho calls them, and might be mistaken for the head of the family, only that he conde scends to let that imaginary individual pay the grocery, store, aud shoemaker bills —as a mailer of special favor, we suppose. Altogether, the boy cf to-day is a nondescript. He* puts on the bad habits of grown folks when he graduates at the nursery, and in dimensions, except in all things essential to true manhood, only, is to all intents aud purposes A MAN The boy of ten years ago had some ambitions above aud beyond retailing sugar and calico ou a starvation salary— So small that the temptation to "crib" from the change drawer is often too strong for uuaccliuiated virtue. He did not cousiuer it a disgrace to be a good black smith, shoemaker, carpeuter, Ac., Ac. He would have considered it a disgrace to have beeu a blunderhead at anything.— When he undertook a job he tried to do it well —actiugon the safe audcorreet rule "Whatever is wortli doing at all, is worth doing well." We are cot prepared to say that the boy of ancient limes did not sometimes reckon his duty performed to his employer wlieu he had put in the day somehow, and got his pay : but it was not a rule with the buy of aucieDt times that "the employer is to be cheated out of as many hours a day as possible without "kicking up a muss." Not so with the boy of modern times He has no comprehension of the mutual dependence aud benefit cf the employer and the employed. He regards his employer as a very handy person to apply to for favors, but seldom regards his convenience, his comfort, his business, as of tho slightest moment. — He would miss him on pay-day, if absent. And that is about ail. His commands, his requests, his interests, are all forgetten or ignored. Happy the employer who can find a boy who is not altogether wiser than himself in ail things pertaining to business ! It would bo a rich treat to find a boy who has not learned everything before reaching the middle of his teons ! —a boy who was not born supremely wise above age anil experience. But we long for these things with little hope. We do not say there are no ex ceptions $ but it is a notorious fact that the majority of boys now, take little inter est in the business of their employers.— Keep late hours, associate with young men of no settled characters, drink beer and whisky, and assume to know a great deal about what they cannot comprehend. They aspire to be known as "fast."— Therefore they are kuown among the men who move the world, fled do its work, as nuisances. O MODERN HOY ! You are putting a buuch of rods ia pickle for your consci ence ! You will either live to curse your stupidity, or uie drunk and despised. That is all.— Tioga Agitator. iVhat a Woiuau Can E?e. As a wife and mother, women can make the fortune and happiness of her children ; aud eveu if she did nothing else, surely this would be sufficient destiuy. By her thrift, prudence and tact, she can secure to her partner and herself a competence iu old age, no matter how small their be ginning, or how adverse o fate occasionally be theirs. By her cheerfulness she can restore her husband's spirits, shaken bv the anxieties of business. By her tender oarc sue can often restore hiui to health, if disease has seized upon his overtasked powers. By her couusel and her love, she can win him from bad company, if temptation in an evil hour lias led him astray. By her example, and her pre cepts, and her sex's insight into character, she can mould her children, however di verse their •dispositions, into good men and women. And by leadiug in all thiugs a true and beautilul life, she can refine, elevate and spiritualize all who come within reach, so that with others of her sex emulating and assisting her,she o O " can do more to regenerate the world than all the statesmen or reformers that ever legislated She can do as much—alas ! perhaps even more —to degrade man, it she choose to do it. Who can estimate the evil that woman has the power to do? As a wife she can ruin her husbaud by extravagance, folly or want of affection. She can make a devil arid an outcast of a man, who might otherwise have become a good member cf society. She can bring bick erings. strife and perpetual discord into what has beeo a happy home. She can change the innocent babes whom God has entrusted to her charge, luto vile men end even viler women. She can lower even the moral tone of society itstelf, and thus polute legisation at the spring head. She can, iu Hue,become an instrument of evil, instead of an angel of good. Instead of making flowers of truth, purity, beauty and spirituality spring up iu her footsteps,till the whole earth smiles with loveliness that is almost celestial, she can transform it to a black and blasted desert, covered with the scorn of all evil passions, and swept by the bitter blasts of everlasting death. That is what a wo uiau can do for the wrong as well as for the right. Is her miss-ion a little one ? Has slio no '''worthy woik," as has become the cry of late ? Mau may have a harder task to perform, a rougher path to travel, but he has none loftier or mere influential than woman's. THE PRECIOUSNESSOF LIITLE-VESS. — Everything is beautiful), says B. F. Tay lor, of the Chicago Journal, when it is lit tle, except souls ; —little pigs, little lambs mtle birds little kittens, and little chil dren. Little martin-boxes of homes are gen erally cozy. Little villages arc nearer to being atoms of a shattered paradico than wc know of. Little fortunes bringing the m6st content, and little hopes the least disappointment. Little words are sweetest to hear, ar.d little charities fly further, and stay the longer on tlie wing. The little lakes are the stillest, little hearts the fullest, aud little farms the best tilled. Little books are the most read and little songs the dearest loved. When nature would make any thing especialy rare and beautiful, she makes it little —little pearls, little diamonds, and little dews. Agur's is a mode! prayer, and the bur- Jen of the prayer is for little. The .Ser mon on the Mount is little, but the last dedication discourse was an hoar. Every body calls that little they love best ou earth. Wo once heard a good story of a man speak of Lis little wife, an! we fancied she must be a norfect bijou of a wife. We saw l.cr: she weigh ed 210 I We were surprised. But then it was no joke —the mau meant it. He coutu put his wife in his heart and have room for other things besides; and what could she bo but little ? We rather dcubt the stories of great argosies of old ws sometimes hear of, be cause nature deals in littles almost alto gether. Life is made up of little, death is tvuat remains of them all; day is made up of little beams, aud uigiit is glorious with little stars. Multum in parvo —much in little—-is the great beauty of all we love best, hope for most and, remember longest. EST* One of " our girls," who is earn estly striving to obtain light, asked the meaning of the "G" in the masonic em blems, and asks if it dosen't mean "girls," "for," says she, "you cau't get along with out them somewhere in your institution. 5 She's right. TEMS."SI.SO PER AHffiUK. One in the Queen ejty cf the West wiites : Two years ago I came to Cincin nati to engage ia business and soorj obtained the assistance of a German por ter, byname Barney. Findingin a short time that the tuuddy water of the Ohio was uot as palatable or healthy as it might be, I bought a porous stone filter and sent to the store. I told Barney to take it in the cellar and keep it tilled with water until wauled. A few days after, I asked Barney to "bring up that Mono jar from the cellar." Said he, "T cannot." " Why not ?" " I gave the ashman sixpence this morning to carry it away ; lor I bed poured four parts of water in it, and it leaked so that T knew yon would be glad to get rid cf it." "I Have always been astonished," said Miss Smith, " at the anxiety of youDg ladic3 for beaux, but 7 never pitied a female more than when Miss Monntfath* ers left my school. Seeing her gazing toward the sky, T asfced her what she was looking for. "That beau." said she, 'which is told of as being set iu the cloud —I wish he'd come down. Appvopos . said Miss Jones, I want no humpbacked man ; the beau up there is 'bent." 3ld Soxo.— There,s an oily time coming 1 , boys, Ar. oily time coming, There's an oily lime coming, boys, Wait a little longer. We may "strike grease," or we may not, Stocks go to par or go to pet*, In this oily time coming. "Wells,"not "whales,"shall light mandind, The perfume shall he stronger, And, "derrics" shall supplant ••harpoons," Wait a little longer* (Chorus) —Oh, there ( s an oily ttfce coming. "WHY is it," said one of our school marm? to a ycung. scape-grace who had caused her tmich trouble by his bad conduct, "why is it you behaved so wil when you first came to school, and are so disobedient now?" " 33ecau?c," said young hopeful, looking up in his teacher's face, "I wasn't much acquainted then." A YOUNG lady of aristocratic birth, who eloped not long since from the county of Liuieric, with her father's groom, has been discovered residiug with him in the city of Cork. She stubbornly refuses,however to return tD her family, who are iu great affliction. Iler fortune, when she Cuines of age, will be ten tkousaud pouuds ster iug. A TALK OF WOE —I clasped her tiny hand in mine, I' clasped her beauteous form ; I vowed to shield her from the wind and from the world's cold storm. She set her beauteous eyes ou trie, the tears did wildly flow, and with her little lips she said "Ccufound you ! let me go." "11 AITD TACK." —In Danphen,France, they make bread but once in six months, md bake it with the refuse of the fields. In the winter it becomes so hard that hey cut it with an axe, and soak it for ;weaty-four hours before they can eat it. " Mow do you like me now," asked a oelle of her spouse, as she sailed into the oom, with a sweeping trail of ruusliu snowing her. "To tell you the truth, it s impossible for 1113 to like you any 'onjer." A MAN once advertised his propeity r or sale, and concluded his advertisinent with, "A never failing stream of water before the door." A' cry true —his prop erty was seated on the Dekware river. Sambo had been whipped for stealing his master's onions. One day he brought a a skunk iu his arms, says lie, " Mass a, here's de chap dat steal de cuiouu 1 Whew —smell him bref ! " Old Gcnth man (affectionately)—"Mv icn.wby do you chew* that filthy tobacco?" Precocious i ouih (stiffly)—"To get the nice out of it, old codger !" A SOLDIER writes home that lie get* iloDg with the hard tack pretty well except when they put the shortening iui t lengthwise. THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN SAY? that scraping the horns of oxen on the inside rail make them curve outward, or vice rersa. " YOU'RE a man of figures," as tho mathematician said to the dancing master. LADIES patch their laccs for economy, and their faces for beauty. WHY does a. sculptor die a horrible death? He makes faces ati bu*t£> WIIY is a cow's tail like aswau'S breas. Because it grows down. TRL only evcr-lastiug people on earth ere the shoe makers. When the fox is asleep, aotk-ng" folU into bis mouth.