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VOLUME XVII.--NUMBER 47.
THE POTTER JOURNAL,! rCBLISHBD BT M. w. MfALABSKf. Proprietor. KWDevotoA to the cauae >f Republicanism, the in teresuof Atfriocliure. the advancement of Education, j and the beat tfoed 1 Potter county. Owning no guide except that or Principle, it will endeavor toid in the . work of more fully Freedomixing our Country. ■3T* Advertisements inserted at the following rates, except where special bargains *re made. A square j la 10'..n-s of Brevier or 8 of >onp*rel! types . 1 square, 1 insertion * 1 square, 2 or 3 insertions-....-. .--- W K*ch §ubequeDt ioertion lefld than lo —.. 4'J 1 square, 1 year ™> , Bu Ineee Cards, I year....— ........ o 00 Administrator's or Executor's Notices...... 3 00 Special and Editorial Notices per line 20 ; 9&~ All transient advertisements must be paid in advance.and no notice will be taken of adverti-ements from a distance, unless they are accompanied by the money or satisfactory reference. fcjr Job Work, of all kinds, executed with neatness and despatch. ! BUSINESS NOTICES. Robt. Unwlcy. H. 11. Onminin. Attorneys-at-Law, XTTLLIAMSPORT, Penii'a. Special attention Y\ giv nto Coilect on of t'ensions. Bounty and ©*ck Pay. and all claims against the National and fita'e Governments. nov2ltf free and Accepted Anetent York Maw n* ECLAI.IA LODGE. NO. 342. F. A. M. Stated i Meeiings on the 2d and 4th Wednesdays of each month. Hall, in Story of the olmsU-d j D.C.Lxaass,Sec. WM. tsHEAR, V.M. 1L A. DRAKE. 1. D„ PHYSICIAN and SURGEON, offer- hie services! to the citizens of this place ar.d vicinity and desires t, inform thera that he will promptly respond to all calls for professiertal services. Office on Main street, j over Manning's Jeweiri Store , Residence nearly op putite ihe office off tin: Lox SL Rofcs E§t*t. l<-28. O. T. ELLHTT.V M. D.. PRACTICING PHYSICIAN. Coode sport, IV. retnecifully infurow the of tin* village and vicinity that he will promptly respond to all call- for profession d sei vices. Office en First street, first door wvst of hi# rer dence. 11-4# JOHN S. MANN, ATTORNEY .*ND COUNSELLOR AT LAW Coudersport, IV, wdl attend the several Oairts in Potter, Cameron and McKean counties. ATS busi- , ness entrusted to hie care will receive prooipt atten lion. * thee on Mam street, in residence. ARTHUR i>. OEMSTED, s TTORNET AND COUNSELI.EII AT LAW, \ Coudersport, Pa , will attend to ail business en trusted to his care with promptness and fi ielity. Office dn the aeee >d -torey of the Oltnsted Block. I ISAAC BENSON, 4 TTORNEY-AT LAW, Couder-port, Pa, will J\_ attend to all bu-iness entrusted to him with care and promptness. Attend* Courts of adjoinimr coun ties Office on Second street,near the Allegany bridir* F. W. KNOX. 4 TTORNET AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW j\ Cou leraport, Pa„ will aUend the Oourts in Pot ter and the adjoining count ea. MILLER A McALARNEY. TTORN EYS-AT LAW, Harrisbcbs, Penn'a.— A Ag-nt- for the Collection of Claim-against the UiTted States and Male Government*,*n" h as Pensions, bounty, Arrears of Pay,Ac-Addre-ss B<>x 95,-iarn ourg W ■ MILLBB, J. C. ALAKNBT M. W. McALARNEY. EEAL ESTATE and INSURANCE AGENT - Land Bought and Sold, Taxes paid and i itlee investigated Insures property again*! fire in the best eompaaie* in the Country, and Persons against Am -dents in the Travelers In*ran-e Company of Hart ford. Baiioe* trMictd promytly 1 J9 J. A. KTEBBINS A < 0.. MERCHANTS— Dealers in Dry .Goods. Fancy Go-ds, Groceries.Provision*,Flour,Feed,Pork, and everything usually kept iu a good country sUrre. Produce bought and sold 1 C. H. SIMMONS. MERCHANT— WELLBVILLE N. Y., Whole sale and Retail Dea>r in Dry Goo-Is Fancy and 15-a pie Goods Clothing.Ladies DreesG-od Groceries. Flour. Feed, fcc. Retailers supplied on liberal terms r. s. A E. A. JONEH. MERCHANTS— Dealers iD Drugs Medicines.Paints, Oils, Fancv Articles, Stationery, Pry Goods, G-oeerW. Ac.. Main Street, Coudlfrsport. Pa I). L OLMSTED. MERCHANT— Dealer in Dry Goods, Ready-made Clothing, Crockery, Groceries, Flow, Feed, Tort. Prevteons, sw., Main street, Coudersport, I a COLLINS SMITH. CEKCHANT—DeaIer in Dry Goods. Groceries, Jl Provisions. Hardware, Queens ware. Gallery,: a nfsil Goods usually found in country store, n6l j 11. J. OLMSTED, HARDWARE Mercoant. and Dealer in Stoves, | Tin and Sheet Iron Ware. Main street, Couder ] •port, Penn'a. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware made to crier, in good ityle, on iborl notice. COI DFRKPORT HOTEL. Dp, GLABSMIUB, FKorairroa, C'Tner of Main and 6-cond streets.Coudersport .Potter Co.Pa A LWerv StVbbs is also k*-pt in connection with this Hotel. Daily Slazes to and from the Rai.roads Potter Journal Job-Olfioe. HAVING lately added a fine new assortment of JOB TYPE to our already large a-ortmeut. we are now prepared to do ail kinds of work, cheaply and with taste and neatness. Oris • solicited. ■VITANTED, AGEN IS, $l5O PER MONTH, TO W sell toe improved C ramon Sense Family Sew ing Machine This Machine will atitch, hem. fell, tuck, cord, braid, bind, gather, quilt, ana embroider beautifully. Pree only S2O. Every Machine is war ranted three years For terms address or call out BOWERS *. CO. R -caption room- No 255 S. rir.n , Btree'. P' i>nd°W ' v I § MARBLE WORK Monuments and Tomb-Stones of all kinds, will be furnished on reasona ble terms and short notice by C. Brennle. Residence : Eulalia. IX miles south of Coudersport, Pa . on the Sinnemaboning P-oad, or leave tout orders at the Post Office. DAM BAKER. TAENSION, BOUNTY and WAR CLAIM AGENCY 1 Peaaions procured for Soldiers of the present War who are disabled by reason of wounds received or disease contracted while in the service of the United States ; and pensions, bounty, and arrears of pay ob tained for widows or heirs of those who have died or been killed while in service. All letters of inquiry promptly answer© i. and on receipt by mail of a state ment of the case of claimant, I will forward the ne cessary pap-rs for their signature. Fees in Pensio: cases as fixed bylaw. Refers to Hons. Benson A G. Olmsted," John 8. Mann, and F W Knox, Esq DAN BAKER, Juneß 64 Claim Agent, Coudersport. Pa A-| fw /\ p er Year 1 We want agent- T AsUvr Vr everywhere to S--11 our impkoveh 130 bewii.-g ii .ctnnes Three new kinds. Uuder and tpper feed. Warranted five years. Above salary cr large eomm ssions paid. The oiclt machines sold li3e United States for less than S4O, which are f nliv licensed by Howe, Wheeler A Wilson, Grover & Ba Iter,ft.ugsr k Co.. It Bachelder. ALL other cheap ina muas are infriagements and the seller or user art jl* f wrest, hue, and imprisonment. Circulars i! 2 w Ad4rt M. 91 tag upon Shaw i Clark. BiCde rtru JULLt Dan. 29,1565. UwlJ. CORY SOYG, BY J. 6. WSITTIEH. Heap high the farmers s wintry board ! Heap high the golden cora ! No richer gift has Autumn poured From out her lavish horn 1 Let other lands exulting, glean The apple from the pine, The orange from its glossy green, The cluster from the vine. We better lore the hearty gift Our rugged vales bestow, To cheer us when the storms shall drift Our harvest fields with snow. Through vales of grass, and meads of flowers, Our plows their furrows made, While on the hills the sun and showers Of changeful April played. We dropped the seed o'er hill and plain, Beneath the sua of May, And frightened from our sprauting grain The robber crows away. All through the long bright days of June, Its leaves grew bright and fair, Ani waved in hot midsummer noon, Its soft and yellow hair. Ani mw with Autumn's moonlit eves Its harvest time has come, We pluck away its frosted leaves And bear its treasures home. There, richer than the fabled gifts Apollo showered of old, Fair hands the broken grain shall sift, Ana knead its meal of gold. Let vapid idlers 101 l in silk, Around the costly board ; Give us the bowl of samp and milk, by homespun beauty poured. Then shame on all the proud and vain, Whose foily laughs to scorn The blessings of our hardy grain, Our wealth of golden corn. Let earth withhold her goodly root, Lei mildew blight the rye, Give to the worm the orcnard's fruit, The wheat fields to the fly. Bst let the good old crop adorn The hill o ;r fathers trod ; Still let us fcr His goidea corn Send up our thanks to God. GENERAL JOHN W. GEARY. John \Y. Geary was born iu YVestmore land county, i'a , aod although now oniy forty-six year of age, has already won a H.-ticg fame by his adherence to the cause of r ght aod duty, in the different parts of our country in which he Las been placed, in civil, military, judicial aod executive positions. Haviog lost Lis father very early in life,he was thrown upon his own resources and not only supported himself, but be cau e the ouly stay of lii 3 widowed mother by teaching a village school; during which tim? he also by persevering industry aud c.mniendable economy, acquired means to procure a classical education, which be completed at Jefferson College, Canoons-I burg, Pa, Creating life-leng friends among professors and classmates, by the early exhibition of those same sterling qualities that have sioce endeared him to so many others in social and in public life Having finished his collegiate education he assumed the profession of a civil engi neer, in the practice of which he went to Kentucky, partly in the employ of the Commonwealth, and partly in that of the Green River Railroad Company ; and was engaged in the survey of several very im portant brr.Dches of the public improve ments of that State. After au experience with the Eogioeer Corps, in many of the States, he successfully filled all the vari ous offices from a clerkship to the super intendence of the Allegheny Portage Railroad, and duriug several years dis charged the duties of his responsible po sition with complete satisfaction. At a very early data, actuated by his mathematical abilities, he exhibited a fondness for military tactics, and labored strenuously by the outlay of time and means to perfect our volunteer system. From a private in the ranks, he rose rap idly through all the grades to that of Brigadier General,to which he was elected by the brigade comprising Cambria and Somerset counties When the wrr with Mexico was declared he was amone th*> first who responded to th cat for vol j te *s aid was accepted, aloug with the "American Highlanders," of Cambria county, which splendid com pany he then commanded. They were in corporated in the Second Pennsylvania Regiment, of which upon its organization he was almost unanimously elected Lieu tenant Colonel. His regiment joined the army of Gen. Scott at Vera Cruz, aDd served in the ad vance under the command,and on the line of operations, of that great chieftain through his brill ant campaign in Mexico. Geary was attached to Gen QuituianV division, and distinguished himself in the battles of "La Iloja," "Chapultepec," "Garita de Belen'' and the "City of Mex ico." Upon arriving at the capital, his colonel having died, be was eleoted Colo nel by a vote of more than two-thirds of the command. This compliment was not the result of mere friendship or political preference. It was the reward for his own good conduct from the hands of the gallant soldiers —the spontaneous and to Bje principles of Jrqe Dctyocirgcy, &isseh)ii)9iioi) of CCUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., TUESDAY MARCH 20, 1866. grateful gift of associates in arms—the brave mm who bad fought by bis side, shared his privations, suffering and dan gers. and who witnessed and knew best bow to appreciate bis merits. The war having closed, Col. Geary re turned with the remnant of his command to his native state,and the people of Pitts burg will long remember the enthusiastic welcome he received upon bis arrival among them. llou. William Wilkins, in a public speeeh, complimented the ser vices of the gailant, weather-beaten and war-worn troops, and the excitement of the universal jubilee ran to the highest pitch. Oo the 32d of Jtfnuary, 1849. in return for his services in Mexico.President Polk appointed Col. Geary postmaster at San Francisco, which in consequence of the then recent discovery of Gold in Califor nia. bad become a port of considerable importance. He was also empowered to create post offices, appoint postmasters, establish mail routes, and make contracts for carrying the mails throughout Cali fornia. He was thus placed iu the way of his subsequent and almost uoparalelled success and popularity among the hetero geneous population of the Eureka State. On the Ist of August, 1849, the munic pal election of San Fracisco took place,and although ten different tickets were framed for the various minor offices 7 his name ap peared at the head of them all. and he re ceived every vote cast that day for the office of Pirst Alcade, it being at that time the most important, responsible and difficult office in the State of California, [t required administrative and executive abilities of the rarest quality. The pop ulation numbered 20,000, almost entirely adul; mules, drawn together from every section of the world,and possessed of every imaginable variety of character. To effect anything like a proper organ ization of the city,and establish aod ordi nary police force,from the chaotic material and rebellious spirit that then existed,was of itself an herculean task but added to this the duties of Alcalde embraced those of every one of the customary offices of a city and couDty jurisdiction. Hs wag a Mayor, Sheriff, Marshal, Probate Recorder. Register of Deeds, and eveD Notary Pub lic and Coroner. He daily held an ordi nary policeor mayor's court; an alcalde's court for the minor cases and general ex ecutive matters of the city; a court of first instance with universal, civil and criminal jurisdiction ; and a court of ad miralty for maritime cases. In a word he was thecuratorof the pjblic, doiDg every thing that was to be done, even to the holding of inquests and taking aeknowl egment of deeds. And so well did be perform all these varied arduous, compli cated and difficult duties, that at the ex piration of his first term he was reelected by an almost unanimous vote, the city in the meantime having mire than doubled its population. During the time of holding the office of alcalde, Col. Geary tried, a? Judge, over twenty five hundred civil and criminal cases, and from bis decision Dot over a dozen appeals were made, aod not one decision was ever reversed. Under the old Mexican laws. Alcaldes had power to grant away the public lands at twelve dollars for "fifty vara lota" (26 yards square.) All Atncricao Alcaldes, previous to Geary's time, had availed themselves of this privilege, aod disposed of an immense amount of valuable prop erty at these mere nominal rates. A res olution, after bis election, was debated by f he Ayuntaimeto (Council) directing the Alcalde to make such grauts at the legal rates General Geary assured them that rather than make such grants he would lelinquish his office, because the sudden and unexpected rise of the value of the laud would enable the Alcaide, if he were so disposed, to eurich hiself and friends to the public detriment. At the rates named the lands belonging to thecity were worth only 535,000. A small portion of these lands were then sold at public auction,and brought half a million of dollars ! This um was placed in tbe city treasury. The tracts remaining unsold were proportion, aiiv worth several million of dollars Thus was this immense sum saved to the city. On May Ist, lSso,the first city charter was adopted* aod General Geary was elected Mayor under its provisions by a large and flattering vote. The manner in which he discharged the duties of this position can best be understood from his ioaugnral address to the city councils,and numerous subsequent messages, all of which are on file,and have been published as well a3 from the fact, that at the ex piration of his term of office a petition, numerously signed by the most prominent citizens, without distinction to party, was presented, requesting him to be a candi date for re-election, which he declined. The Legislature, however, having cre ated a "Board of Commissioners of the funded debt of San Francisco," Col.Geary was appointed a member, and upon the organization of that body was elected its President. Here, too, by his financial knowledge and judicious counsels and ad- vice, he rendered valuable service to the city. Besides all this,duriog his residence in SaD Francisco,he was Chairman of the Board of Health, and assisted in the or ganization of Masonic and Odd Fellows Lodges, and was in fact instrumental in establishing comfortable hospitals for the sick, and wa9 connected with every be nevolent and charitable institution of the place. He signalized himself by his cour age and intrepidity in arresting the pro gress of the great fire3,and by the prompt ness with which he answered the call of the authorities of that city, rendered efficient aid in suppressing the squatter riots at Sacramento. In the year 1849, when Col. Geary was a resident of California, a convention was, formed to frame a State Constitution, aDd some of our reader still remember the in-; tense anxiety and excitement which pre vailed throughout the country regarding the result of its proceedings. The pro-, slavery Democrats of that time were de termined that California should only be admitted into the Union as a slave State, and for the sole purpose of exerting their influence in that behalf, many removed from the Southern States to that distant region. The plan well conceived, and intended at all hazards to be accom plished, to insert the slavery clause into the Constitution, and forward it with hot haste to Washington for adoption without presenting it to the people for ratification. Col. Geary was thoroughly acquainted j with the programme, and resolved that the proposed measures should not be ef fected. He accordingly took strong grounds against them, and used ail his influence, which was then equal, at least to that of any man in the territory, first to have omitted the clause legalizing sla very, and secondly to prevent the Con stitution, when adopted by the Convention from being sent to Congress until after it should be submitted to a vote of the peo ple and bad received their approval. No man could have labored more earnestly and successfully than- he did to effect these two abjects, both of which, after a most terrible struggle, were accomplished aod California was received.free from the -tain of Slavery,into the Union of States ( It is not too much to say that had it Dot been for the active part taken by Colonel Geary against the pro-slavery party then iin California, this result might, not have been accomplished. Private affairs of great importance re quired his presence in Pennsylvania, Col. ] Geary left San Francisco in February, 1852, and repaired to his farm ia West murelaud county,where he remained until again calledintoactive public life,through his appointment, by President Fierce, as | Governor of Kansas Territory, which appointment, without the usual reference ,to a committee,was confirmed by a unani mous vote of the Senate. He received notice of his appointment :in July, 1856, aod having delayed only long enough to receive his instructions and make the Decessary arrangements,he proceeded to Kansas.reaching Fort Leav enworth on tbe9thofSeptemberfollowing. I No pen can adequately describe the i terrible condition of the territory at the time of bis arrival. The scenes he had witnessed m California were being re-en acted, with horrors greatly intensified.— i Civil war was raging with more the fiend ish ferocity ; and all on acount of tla ! very. Men were flockiDg from all parts ; of the South, of desperate character, with passions inflamed to the highest pitch,and with the express and avowed purpose of making Kansas a Slave State by any means, however /air or foul .' And these again were resisted by actual settlers aod new comers from the free States, equally as dttermined,though net :s brutal and fe , rocious. The fiercest passions of human nature, with all their dreadful conse quences,were visible on every hand. The smoke of burning buildings blackened the air; fields of grain were laid waste and desolate ; women aDd children were driveD starving and naked from their homes to peiish on the desolate prairies j and the dead bodies of murdered men were strewn along the wayside. Chaos reigned su preme —pandemonium bad poured forth ■ its demons —and crime, in all its most hideous forms, ran rampaDt through the land. Such wa3 the gloomy prospect that pre sented itself to the new Governor. A man of less nerve would have looked upon it with amazement, and with dismay fled from the scene, as did two of his prede cessors. aod many others. But Governor Geary was not the man to be easily intim idated. He had passed already through many a fiery ordeal. He took in at a glance the entire situation From this dismal chaos ; from this hell of discord ; from all this terrific and confused mass ot conflicting passions, he was expected to produce order, peace and harmony. lie faltered not, however, but buckled on his armor, aod in good earnest applied him self to the difficult task. And so earnestly and effectually did he devote himself to the work, that as early as September 30th he was euabied truthfully to write to the Secretary of State, saving : "Peace JWW reigns in Kansas, Confidence is grad- being restored. Settlers are returning to their claims. Citizens are resuming their ordinary pursuits, and a general gladness prevades the community." He had arrested criminals, driven brigands from the roads, disarmed and disbanded • invading armies, and insured protection to all peaceable citizens ! j But this state of tranquility,thus effected, was precisely the reverse of what the pro slavery party in Kansas and the adminis tration at Washington desired. Governor Geary's course, instead of receiving their approval met their decided condemnation It was intended that the agitation and j excitement should continue until the Free State men were either annihilated or driven from the Territory , and the! pro slavery party cou'.d have evreything in their own hands. Hence the Governor's reports to Washington were coldly re - ceived, and if answerd at all, as coldly' answered. There was no mistaking the I I tenor aod spirit of their communications In the meantime the leading ruffians were becoming more and more emboldened by the encouragement they received from the seat of the General Government. At the Lecompton post office, the Governor's letters and papers.both privaie and official were opened and the contents scrutinized ; The few troops that had been left to guard j his person and official documents, were gradually removed by order of Jeff.Davis. i then Secretary of War. Pro-slavery murderers whom he had caused to he arrested, were liberated by order of Chiel Justice Lecompte, and public meetings were held io which he was denounced as ! an Abolitionist for refusing to give hie : sanction and assistance to the vile plots , to force the institution of slavery upon an j unwilling people. One villai D, actuated ■■ aod aided by others less bold, was foiled iu an attempt to assassinate him on his; departure from the Legislative Hall and almost in sight of the members there as sembled. To crown all, the pro-slavery men of all • parties, the great majority, however, being I , old line Whigs, mostly from the South, met together tu convention at LecomptoD. and organized the "National Democratic .Party." There was much discussion in regard to the adoption of this Dame, the; , leading men of the convention declaring! that they could not swallow the word j i "Democrat," having been life-long j "Whigs." But this objection was over ruled, by the argument that the name wouid not change positions,wbiie it would assure them the support of "the Wash ington Democracy." The platform ol the " Xational Democratic Party f thus adopted, is clearly expressed in the fol-j lowing unanimous resolution of its Leg islature : "WHEREAS, We believe that on the| success of our party depends the perpe ; tuity of the Union ; therefore, "Be it resolved, By the House of Rep j resentatives, the Council concurring there-; iu, that it is the duty of the pro-slavery party, the Union loving men of Kansas; Territory, to know but one issue, slavery, 'and that any party makiDg or attempting to make any other, is, aud should be held as an ally of abolition and disunion.'" In carrying out this doctrine, all the Free State Democrats were excluded; from membership with the "National Democratic party," Dot one of them being i received into fellowship or allowed to take | part in its proceedings. This platfotm was indorsed by the Democrats at Wash-; ington at that time, and was subsequently , adopted and cairied out by the President ; to the full measure of perfection. So far, as he had the power he ostraciced all Free | State Democrats, no matter how long or how faithfully they had served the party. The "National Democratic Party" being thus organized, the next movement' was to commit Governor Geary to its pol icy. Accordingly, the Chairman of it? Central Committee called upon the Gov ernor, with the assurance that if be would , connect himself with the party he should be one of the two United States Senators awn to be chosen. The Chairman urged , the matter with such determined perti nacity that Governor Geary ordered him > oat of his office, and declared that if be should dare again approach him with so . vile an offer he would toss him through . the window. Soon after these proceedings a Consti tution, known as the "Lecompton Consti tution/' was received in Kansas by the '•National Democratic Part}'," direct from Washington, where it had been carefully prepared ; and agreeably to the directions accompanying it, an attempt was made to have it adopted by an improvised conven tion and returned to Washington in the shortest possible time, regardless of the known wishes of the people. An act of the Legislature to this effect was imme diately passed, which was vetoed by Gov ernor Geary, for several reasons, the most prominent or which were, that no provis ion was made for submitting the Consti , tution to the people for ratification, and [that ho was satisfied that a large majority TERMS,--$1.50 PER ANNUM, 'of the actual residents of the terutoiv were decidedly and strongly opposed w the institution of slavery, which the Con stitution was intended to force upon thein. This having occurred after the election of Buchanan, but before his inauguration, 'Governor Geary addressed him letters, stating the true condition of affairs ; but received no reply. He did, however, receive positive evidence, from other sources, that the newly elected President had abandoned the true Democratic prin ciples aad adopted the platform of the I"Xational Democracy" Hence. Gov ernor Geary resolved at once not to hold an office under his administration, and ion the day he was installed in the Presi dential chair, wrote and forwarded his resignation as Governor of Kansas. On the 10th of March, 1857, he left the ter ritory, and asrain returned to thequietudo |of private life. Had Governor Geary bees sustained in his honest and manly : course in Kansas, by the administration at Wasbing'on, there is reason to believe i the destructive war through which wo have just passed, and was then foreshad | owed, and even threatened, might never ! bave occurred, and the hundreds of thou sands of brave soldiers who DOW sleep the i sleep of death, would be living to bless with their presence the homes made so ■ sadly desolate. Although Governor Geary thus refused all connection or fellowship with the i Democratic Party," be persisted in adhering to the doctrine he advocated in California sixteen years ago. and still i more recently in Kansas, -that the insti tution of slavery should not be fniocd ; upon an unwiilins people, and never hes itated to express his disapprobation of the : institution iu all its forms, and sentiments which have since formed the basis of the j Union Republican platform. Hence, after his return from Kansas be es:,oci : ated himself with the partv that sustained Stephen A. Douglas, which was greatly instrumental breaking up the very faction, and effecting the eiecti n of Ab'.abam Lincoln to the Presidency, a • result which he foresaw and was de?trou9 ■ of having accomplshed. No sooner was the result of that e'eo tiooinown, than plans werebeiuj;adopted by the "National Democracy'' to fuifi ! t-heir oft reiterated threat to destroy tho Union. Consequently, when after tho inauguration of Mr. Lincoln, a war against rebellion became inevitable, Governor Geary was again among the first to offer his military services to the Government. He raised and equipped, at bis own ex pense, the TweDty-eighth regiment of Pennsylvania volunteers, of which he took the commaud With this splendid regiment, numbering over sixteen An drid men , he entered the field in Jul/, 1.861, and continued in active service during the emire four years of the war, with tho exception of twenty-eight days, and when he was incapacitated for duty by wounds received in battle. For meritorious deeds he was promoted to tne rank ot Brigadier General on the 25th of April, 1862. and Breveted Major General January 12th, 1865, "for the fitness to ccmmaud aad promptness to execute." From reports filed in the cSce of the Secretary of War, it appears that during his term of service General Geary was engaged in over fifty hotly contested bat tles aad important skirmishes, besides many others of lesser note. Among these engagements may bo especially earned that of "Bolivar Heights, Mountain." the three days' fight at Chao cellorsville, the struggle at Gettysburg, which also lasted three days, and resulted in driviog back the enemy from the soil of Pennsylvania, "Waubatchie," "Lt/wk out Mountain, "Mission Ridge," "King gold,'' "Tnano," "Mill Creek and Bu.ike Creek Gaps," "Resaea," (two da)s), "New Hope Church" (seven days), "Muddy Creek," "Nose's Creek." "Kul'w's Farm," "Kenessw," "Pine Hiil," "Mari etta," "Peach Tree Creek," siege and capture of Atlanta (twenty siege of Savannah (ten days), which was cap* tured by ins division hours before aiy 0 h:-r troops reached that city, as way al*o Foit Jackson, both of which p:ac - w ? -re surrendered in person to Geuera-1 Go r/ In this capture three hundred and Luy prisoners,one hundred and fourteen pieces lof artillery, thirty-eight thousand five' hundred bales of cotton and five ocean steamers, with an immense variety of ammunition and other storss, fcli into tho haGds of the victors. i Upon the capture of Savannah General Geary was appointed by Major General Sherman its Military Governor , which position he filled with sigua! c:edit to himself until he was relieved, that he might accompany the triumphant army of Sherman in its further march through the Carolina?. In the battle of Bo'iivar Heights he received a severe w -und ia the right knee, and at Cedar A mntaia he was slightly wounded in the h it ankle, and seriously through the joint of the left arm. He was also struck in the right breast and severely injured by iue i next page ]