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VOLUME XVIII.- NUMBER 29.
THE POTTER JOURNAL, pcblismd BT jf. W. Mc.lL VRXEY. Proprietor. 1^?- Devoted to the CAUM of RepublictnisiHj the in- ; \ # reiUof \j/rio*lture, the advancement of Education,; ...d the M *ocd -1 rotter count v. uwnu.C xcept ih*t of Principle, it will endeavor loaid ih the , Wort of uiore fully Freedomizu.g our Country. Advertiienaents inserted at the followingra.ea. Except where apecialbargains are made. A square % lOlinea of Brevier or 8 of Nonpareil types • 1 square, 1 insertion - - . 1 square, 2 or 3 insertions..-----------• JUch s ib-equeut insertion less than lo "1 square, 1 year 5 00 ti,Ksc,ai and Editorial Notices ,arr line - B,*"" VII transient advertisements mu*t I* paid in Wd vance.and no notice will IK- taken of :t,lv^rll^' e ". * frem a distance, unless they are accompanied b> the , TSioney or satisfactory reference. Work, of all kinds, executed with neatness wnd despatch. J BUSINESS NOT ICES. tree and Accepted Ancient York MsiMbns TTtTr YLI Y LODGE. No. 342, F. A M. Stated E ite !ngsonthe 2i and dli. -edn^i.yso^h Hall, in the 3d Storyofthe. iknsU-dßhKk. D.C.LxBRiBK,dec. V, M-SIILAR, .a O. T. EIJ.ISOV. M rEACTICING I'IIYSICHAN. Coudersport, Pa., respectfully informs the citizens ot the v.llmff vicinity that he will promptly respond to all caH mr profession;. 1 setvices. Oilic--- on I- irst street, nrsl dror West of his residence. 17-40 jon >' s. MAN V, 1 TTORXEY AND COUNSELLOR Al LAW - 4 Coudersport, V;.., w.ll*ted the several Courts LJ Potter and Cameron counties. Ail trusted to his care will receive prornp. attenticu. Cltice on Mam street, in residence. OLMiiIEB nl LAKR.ABEE, & TTORNKYS AT LAW, Coudersport, Fenn'.v A Will attend to all bnsiwess entrusted to Uu-'r & with prompt .ess and nd-duy. Will at* atteud the several courts in the adJ snu.? wuuUen. Utacy is the seeo.-d storey of the Olmsted B.ocs. ISAAC BENSON. 4 TTOUNEY-AT LAW, Couder-port, Ta., wif. \ attend toad bt.Mt.ess entrusted 10 hun .tt care a-^or-.i -I piaess. A reads Ou of adjoining coun tie*. OiHoe en rf.-condstreet,near the Allegany bndge F. B. KNOX, XTOP.NEY AND COUNSELLOR Al CAYV A. Coudersport, l'a .w 11 attend the oouria in i ot 'rr and the adjoining counties. niEEEB *V HcAEAICNEY. 4 TTOR * KYS AT LAW, 11 ARKISBCKG, Penu'a.- \ \ir !*it- for the Collection o: Ci.ums .gnu st itie Wed .-fates a,id Mat., i.overnments -ui has I et.elo.nj, ■ Bounty, Arrears of lay Ac-Address Bx **, - a ; # Vr u atLLEB, , q. W. tJt-AI.VKNKY. T"> EAL ESTATE and INSUR iNCK AGENT JA, Land Bo ight and S ld, 1 axes pan. and I'.tic. investigated. 1 -euros property again-l lirelll companies in the Country, and 1 er-oue a^rain it Ac Ueut* 111 the Trivelers lusuran-e Company of U-'it ford. Business transacted promytly 1- - t " PTA. STEBIJINS A Co.. A I EP.CH ANTS—Dealers in Dry Gocnis, Fancy ■, \\ Go "is, Groceries. Provision- ,!• .our,beel,l h Mdewrythii.g usually kept in a good country St-it Produce bougiit aud £>ld 4 C. 11. SIMMONS, MERCHANT -WELI.SVILLE n whoie sale and Retail De il*r u. Dry Goo S. Fancy and fitautoGood* Clothing.L i l.es Dres.G ods Groci-nes. Flour, Feed, ic. U-tailers supplied >n libera! terms CIIAKI.ES s. JONES, %"ERCH\VT—Dealers in Drugs Medicines, p aints, \l Oils Fancy Articles, 8 ationery, Dry Gooiir, j Groceries, kc.. Main Street, Ctfederspoft, Pa I I. E. OLMSTED. M ERCHANT—DeaIer in I)r\ Goods. Ready-made CI thing, Crockery, Groceries, Fi ur, Feed, Fort, Provisions, Ac., M tin street, Cou ierspoit, 1 a COLLINS SMITH. M-ERCIIANT— P -aler in D y Goods. Groceries,. Provisions, Hardware, Queensware. C ut.ery, ktiU all G "G u-ually fotind in a c .untry s'.-.re. J ' 1 11. J. OLMSTED, 1 t YRDWARK Xercuant, and D-a'.cr in S oves, H * Tin and Sheet Iron-Ware. V iinftrtct, louder tort. Fen'.'a. Tin and Sheet Iron Yv are made to 'r ier. in good style, on short notice. COVDEKSPOKT I IDT LI.. DF. GLASS MI RE, Forat v Toa, Corner of Mam - and Second streets Co'de. sport Potter Co Fa. A t.Lery St t>.le is also kept in co:i ection with this Hotel. Daily Stages to and from the RaiToads. I'otler Journal Job-DJlifc. HAVING lately added a tine new assoitmentof juß-TYFE to our already large assortment #e are now prepared to do all kinds of work, cheaply and with taste and neatness. Opie s solicit.-d. LYMAN HOUSE. Lewisville, Potter county. Pennsylvania. ' HCRTtIN LEWIS. Iririt'tor. lLi-ar.g - taken this excellent Hotel, the proprietor wishes < make the acqunl Cat ce ot the ir.ve.ing P u , 10 :,I) " ■ leDconadent of g-v :c setisfahtlon to all who.mar ] all on him.-F. b 12 On tf ( t' MARBLE WORK - Monuments and Tomb-Stones , of all kinds, will he furnished on reasona ( ble terms and short notice by C. Breanlo. Residence - F.nlalia, 1:- mil-s south of Comtersport. Fa . on the SinuemahAui. g Road, or leave your orders at the Fo-t < 'flic-- tt-n| DAN BAKER TPENSION. BOUNTY and WAIi Cl.Alit AGFN' Y ( X Pension* procun-d for Soldiers ot the present i War who are disabled by reason of wounds received 1 or disease contracted while in the service of tin- United _ States : and pensions, bounty, and arrears of pay ob tained for widows or heirs of those wMe hxve died or < been killed while in serv ce Ail letters yffn-Yuiry promptly anew ere i, and ou rec ipt by mail of a state- i ment of the case of claimant, I will forward the ne cessary papers for their s ; .mature Fres in Pension t rae a* tixed bv law. R.-fersto 110 s Isaac Benson, A. G- Ultnrtcd,"John S. Claim Agent, Coudersport. Fa I tAA P,,p ar! Wo want a k'ei ts ©JLWO VJI/ ever;, where to sell our IMPROVED ggi srwi M icnines. Thr.-e new kinds Under and upper feed. Warranted five years. Al>ove salary or iarge commission- paid. The ONLY machines sold in ths United States f >r le-s than s4'i, which are iullv licensed by Howe. Wheeler t Wilson, Grover L Ba ker, Singer A Co A B iche'.der. ALL other cheap ma th iocs are infringements and the seller or user aie liabls to arrest, tine, and imprisonment Circulars re*. Address, or cvl upon Shaw &. Clark, Bi-tde f*rd, Itaine, or Chicago,-111. Do . 2fi, 186-3. iswly. Itch ! Itch ! Itcli! SCRATCH! SCRATCH! SCRATCH! WHEATOVS OI\T>IEVT, Will Cure the Itch in IS Hours! Also cures SALT RHEUM, ULf'ERS, CfTIL *'LAiN3, end aJI ERUPTIONS OF THE SKIN Pnce 30 cant* For sale by ai! drnggists. By sending 60 cent* to WEEKS Y FurTER. Sole Agents, 170 Washington *trect, Boston, it will tie foiwar-ledby ull, free of postage,to any part of th# United States. • 1, H66, notice wky lyr. j THE HARVEST CALL. Abide not in the Realm of Dreams, Oh man, however fair it seems, Where drowsy airs thy powers repress, I n languor of sweet idleness. Nor linger in the misty Tast, Entranced in visions vague and vast ; But with clear eye the Present scan, Aud hear the call of God and mart. That call, ihough many voiced, is'one With mighty raennirigs in each tone; Through sob and laughter; shriek and prayer, Its summons meets thee every where. Think not in sleep to fold thy hands, Forgetful of thy Lord's commands: From Duty's claims no life Is free— Behold, To-day hath need of thee ! Look up! —the wide extended plain Is billowy with its ripened grain, And on the Summer x'idds are *"olled Its waves of emerald and gold. Thrust in thy sickle!—nor delay The work that calls for thee To-day; To-morrow, if it come, will bear Its own demands of toil and care. The present hour allots thy task ! For present strength and patience ask, And trust his love whose sure supplies Meet all thy needs as they arise. Lo! the broad fields with harvest white, Thy Lands to strenuous toil invite ; - And he who labors and believes, Shall reap reward of ample sheaves. Up. for the time is short!—and soon The morning su:i will •climb to noon; Up!—ere the herds, with trampling feet, Outrunning thine, shall spoil the wheat. While the day lingers do thy best! Full soon the night will bring its rest; And, duty done, that rest shall be Full of beatitudes to thee. 3IE4*S OF rjiRAtE. A woman ben ling over a bed. A pair of large, sad, suffering eyes looking up into her face—the eyes of a sick child exhaust ed by disease, aud almost helpless "I get so tired lying here while you are I at the prayer meeting, mother," said the child. "Must you go to-day f* "Henry will stay with you, my dear. I can't always be at your bedside. And you must learn to be patient and bear what God sends." There was a kind of dead reproof in the mother's voice; but no real tenderness. Her face was calm, and her manner that of one absorbed in pious meditation. You have seen such faces "Henry doesn't like to stay iu the house," said the pleading child. U No matter whether he likes it or not,"; the mother answered, severely. "He must stay with you " "He'll leave me as soon as you're gone, and then there'll be no one to wet my lips; and they get so dry." "Let bim dare to do it, and I will pun ish him severely." The calm face grew warm with a flash of anger. "Ilenry!" A boy answering lo the call, came in from the next room "Henry! I'm going to the daily prayer meeting; and you must stay in the room with your sick si>ter until I come back. Now mind —you are not to leave her for a single minute." "No, ma'am." There was an undertone cf disobedience in the promising voice, and the skilled ear of the mother perceived it. "If I find yov have stirred one inch from this room, I will punish you." Very se vere was the manner accompanying this threat. The poor sick face on the bed grew very much sadder, and as the mother looked upon it her heart bejjsn to veartr toward her child with A tnore genuine pitv than she had felt a little while before. "My Amy will be patient, I know," she said, kissing the thin, colorless lips. "Moth er won't be gone over an hour, Perhaps not so khig " The child did col ahswer in words; but tbe languid eyes, out of which earthlv rays were fssl fading, pleaded with her not to go; and yet, she turned from the bed and went out of the room. If she could Lave seen the light, feeble as it was, leave the sick fhcc, that became white as the pillow against which she lay. she could not have gone. But she did not look back In the next room, the mother stayed her feel for a iittle while, as she drew on her bonnet and shawl. Something said to her that she ought not to go. Then came a brief argument with hefrelf She was a devout woman—we use the term in a pop ular sense. Her chief duty in life—the very cpre of her religion—was to save her own soul—to make her "calling and elec tion sure; and in order to do this, she felt bound to a\ ai 1 herself of everv ft t?!o*ns of grace that offered Means of grace, in her view, were pious acts; such as reading the Bible, praying in secret, going to church, attending prayer meeting, receiv ing .the Arc. Ordinary duties in life—her every day work, with its cares, perplexities, excitemenls, and temptations were regarded rather as hindrances than k helps—as clogs to her feet on her heaven- seboted to ti?e ?lrii)eipUs cf Jlrife JUtyochKjj, tye Disschpntfiei) of £itelrgfqi-e gi)D ffetos. COUDERSPORT, POTTER COUNTY, PA., TUESDAY NOVEMBER 6, 1866. ward journey; never as the true mean-> of grace provided of the Lord. "Poor child!" she said to herfeelf, pity-1 itiglv, as she tied on her bounet ''lra sorrv to leave her. She S so weak, and cannot bear to have me out of her sight. 1 But this is only a temptation of the great j adversary to "keep me from a precious means of grace, which, being provided, 1 : dare not neglect. To the dear child it will , | be only half an hour df Self denial, while to jme it will be a season of refreshment from ( ! the Lord—to her a natural cross, to me a Christian duty and privilege, whereby I , :am able to advance a step nearer heaven. ; Ah: me!" Sighing as she continued —the , | image of little Amy presenting itself with ] great distinctness. "Ah, me! It requires , great faith, and almost divine strength to;, walk in the footsteps of the Lord. We must die daily; suffer a constant crucifixion , of the flesh —must deny the tenderest of , mere human appeals if they would become ; hindrances in our way." And so, stifling the voice of God, which ! was speaking iu her mother's heart, she , j turned away from the true means of grace ; —her present home duty —to spend an hour in formal prayer, vainly resting in a mere act of piety for that acceptance with God which he has so plainly said comes only of* well doing. It is in the cup of co!d water; in doing it unto the least of these; in feeding the hungry, and clothing t the naked; in ministering unto the sick; in a word, in seeking, from love ot others, to !do them good, that we find the heaven- j appointed means of grace. lie who gives ) himself up to the work of simply saving his own soul, will be in great danger of losing it. It is in seeking to save others, always lx>king to God for a purification of I the motives, and the wisdom and strength to do right-, that men secure for themselves an entrance into heaven. ' After an hour spent al the prayer meet ! ing—against which we must not be under stood as saying, direetlv or by implication, 'a single word ; we are dealing with an in dividual case, and the prayer meeting — the mother turned her feet homeward. Absorbed in a harmonious sphere; exhil-j arated by music; lifted up, emotionally, through the power of eloqutmt prayer, she had felt as if in a court of Heaven, and was !fully persuaded that the light of Gods countenance had been turned upon her, and that she was really "nearer the kingdom") , than she had ever been before. As she passed into the street; the mother feit a jar of feeling; The light faded from her soul. Heaven already seemed afar off Would this have been so if, as our Lord said, the kingdom of heaven had been with in her? As were the Jews at the time of his first advent, we of this generation, are all apt to say, Lo here: and Lo there! But, He speaks lo us now, and with the same divine meaning in His words, as when he ■ spoke to the people two thousand years aivo—"For behold, the kingdom of God is within you." There was a jar of feeling, and a dim ness of vision. Then the moiher s thought reached homeward, and she saw, mentally, the wan and wasted countenance of her first-born —saw her white lips move, and heard the plaintive voice say —"I get so tired lying here while you are away, I mother." How the words rebuked her! "Perhaps it was wrong iu me. She is so weak, poor ckitt!" This thought did not lift her into a more comfortable state of feeling. As she hur ried on her way wub quickening steps, she came upCt: a crowd of boys and me, and pausing to learn what occasioned it, saw two lads fighting. Breaking through the crowd, she caught hold ot one of the lads, who turned upoii her a frightened look, and then ran oft" as fast as his feet Cou'd Carrv him. It was her own son—the boy '.she had left to watch with her sick child, while she spent an hour at the daily prayer, meeting. From a state of heavenly peace, how swiftly had she fallen to one of pain- Ail agitation. Arrows of sedf-accosation to pierce her soul, as glimpses of truth and duty dawned upon her. Were not the souls of her children as precious iu the eyes of God .as her own coul? Ccafld she claim divine approval for pfous acts, when the immortal ones given to her were neglected, or left to the will of the tempter ? Such questions began to crc'wd upon her mind, flooding it with bitterness. Next came a brooding concern, deepen ing to a strange, awful made her heart shiver. Amy had been left all aloue. What if she had died! She was so very weak; not able to lift herself in bed; and there had been no one to moisteu the lip's, that consuming fever made so dry. Pear . Amy ! Feeble, patient, wasting child, it mattered rot very much to you, that mother and brother were away. Much more it mattered to them. }ou ha<j > "er and tenderer watchers—ministers ot high er comfort —angels from the presence ot God. How like a tired child did you lay your head lovingly to rest. It was so pweet this ret —so painless—so deep —too deep to le broken by the wild cry that . filled the room not long after the "golden chord was loosened, and the pitcher broken i at tlie fountain." j The Vice Presidency. As the time approaches for the re-elec-! lion of a President and \ ice 1 resident, j public attention is naturally attracted to, men most likely lo be made candidates), and elected to these positions. Gen. Grant j, is evidently the favorite of the Union men , for the Presidency. He will be nominated , bv acclamation aDd elected without oppo sition. It is new proposed by a Philadel-i pliia paper to make John W. Geary the candidate for the Vice Piesidency on the . ticket with Grant for President. We have no objections to such n ticket. Our faith has always been very great in Geary's ability as a statesman, and we believe that before be is Governor a year he will be recognized as one of the very ablest men that ever'controlled the affairs of the State. By the time Geary could be inaugurated as Vice President he will have almost filled bis term as Governor. AN eot Pennsylva- j nia, who nominated and elected Geary Governor, can therefore afford to surrender his service to the nation as Vice President. —liarrisburg Daily Telegraph. After all the abuse heaped on the Freed men's Bureau; Governor Patton of Ala- Lama, has requested the re issue of rations to the starving people—not the negroes, j but tbe white people of that State. N\ e suppose that the charities ot the Bureau are now more needed by the whites thau bv the blacks; and the former take the bread and curse the hand that gives it. The Court of Appeals in Genoa, Italy, has given judgment in an important case. The Registar of that town had refused to sanction the civil marriage of a priest. His refusal had been validated by a lower court, but the sentence has now been quashed, and the principle is solemnly affirmed that priests can legally depart from their vows of celibacy. The South will by and by begin to think lightly of Democratic veracity. At the outbreak of the war, they promised to help them in the battle-fieid; but didn't. More recently promised to back tbem at tbe ballot box; but they couldn't. They are alike unreliable with bullet aud ballot. Gov. Curtin has appointed Prof James P. Wickersham State Superintendent of Common Schools. He is one of the most thorough and efficient educators in the country, lie has been Principal of the State Normal School in Lancaster county, since its organization, and is the author of a serie* of popular works on teaching and school government. NORTH CAROLINA. — The Nbrth Carolina election seems to ha r e gone iweepingly in favor of the rebel ticket V oith is doubt less chosen Governor, Ihe returns from the Western counties will of course show a heavy poll for Dockery, but not sufficiently large to balance tfie almost unanimous vote which Worth has received in the cen tre and along the seaboard. A ance, who was not a candidate, obtained a few votes. The Legislature will rebel, according to present indications. The presidential policy, as announced anil explained in his recent speeches, finds no sympathy with the loyal voters ot the North, and they have and will repudiate it in an unmistakable manner when tlie question is brought to the arbitrament of their balluts. The Montgomery "Mail" has a very savage article on "Russia and the United States," in which it says that both have a Poland to keep in subjection, and that "the despotism of the autocrat and the depot ism of democracy are in loving embrace This looks very much like "accepting the situatiou in good faith." The new regiments do not promise to be skeleton ones. Advices to the Depart ment show that lecruiiiug was never more brir-k than now. Nearly all who are eu listing in the regular army have seen ser vice during the war. A strenuous effort is being made in the Gulf States to resist the payment of the tax on cotton, on the ground of its alleged unconstitutionality. It is a pretty well established part of the rebel and Copper head creed that nothing is constitutional except attempts to overthrow the Govern ment, and utterly destroy the Constitu tion. The President could not fully make up ; his mind to pardon Jeff Davis after the late elections, but he pardoned Jeffs broth er in Mississippi and restored to him his valuable property with some £*20,000 in verrts dee and to become due. Treason must be made odious! Andrew Johnson, siiice his accidental possession of Presidential power, has par doned more counterfeiters than were alto gether let loose by any five of his prede cessors in the same office. The pardoning of such criminals will average about three ,a week. AGRICILTIRAL. HINTS TO FARMERS — W GRIS." AA'HAT HOES TO USE. —In planting ori hoeing corn, use the ordinary hoes in gen eral use. Neither India rubber hose nor cotton hose would be of any account jn a corn field; no more would one of Hoe's eight cylinder presses. llcw TO HOLD THE PLOW.— Dont try i to hold it out at arm's length. You can't do it. If you ain't a plow of your Own, get out an attachment on your neighbor's who owes you. Any justice will tell you whether you can hold it or not. THE BEST TIME TO PUT IN RVE.—I an old fanner once what was the best ' lime to put in rye? He looked at his watch and replied;— "This is about my hour." The rye was immediately put in. All seasons are the same for putting in rye. How TO KEEP CORN. —The best place ' to keep corn is in a good corn house though some prefer co keep it in the system—tri the j aire. If they don't keep corn they keep cont'd. FENCES AND FENCING.— Good fencing is essential on a farm. Get a gxxi "fencing master" to learn you. A rail fence is bet ter than an imaginary one. You can't re pair a icorm fence by taking vermifuge. Neither can you cut good whitewash brushes out of brush fences. To MAKE YOUR STABLES AVARM IN AATXTER. —Set fire to them. To DRAIN LANDS. —Drink whisky, and spend all your time at the village tavern. This will drain you of all your lands iu a short time. To MAKE STONE FENCE. —EquaI parts of whisky and cider. This is l.e recipro cal stone fence: the more you lay of it the more it will "lay" you. EAST WAY TO DRAW SAW-LOGS.— Draw them on a piece of paper with a cray on pencil. After a little practice you will be able to "draw" the largest kind of saw logs with ea>e. PORK. —Packing thread is of no use in C7 packing pork. In curing hnms the time varies. HamS that have got trichinia can't be cured fit all. PENNSYLVANIA COAL. —The Philadel phia \orth American says the quantity of anthracite coal sent by tbe Philadelphia and Reading railroad the past week was 58,925 tons, and by the Schuylkill canal 22,394 tons; total, 81,304 tons,a decrease, as compared with the corresponding week of last year, of 19,229 tons. The trade in the early pait of the week was a little more active than usual, aud prospects for a steady improvement appeared quite favorable: but this continued only for a few days, and it is no-* as much depressed as ever Ship merits from the Schuylkiil region have materially increased; ill consequence of a heavy reduction of wages, to which the operati\es.in some places, and which ena bles many to resume who had heretofore been idle. Prices of coal continue un changed; £5 25 to ?5 50 for white ash, £o 59 to £0 for red adi, and £5 69 to £-5 75 j for bituminous (or Broad Top), as to qual ity, on board of vessel. The late Stephen Girard, when sur rounded by immense weahh, and supposed to be takiug supreme delight in his accu mulation, wrote thus to a friend: "As lo myself, I live like a galley slave' constantly occupied, and often pass the night without sleeping. lam wrapped in a labyrinth of affairs and worn out with care Ido not value fortune. The love of labor is my highest emotion. AA'hcn I rise in the morning, my only effort is to labor so Lard during the day,' tliat when night corses I may be able to sleep Roundly." Much feeling is exhibited through the Stite of Georgia ot the subject of repudia tion. It is thought an effort will be made on the meeting of the Legislature in No p O vember, to relieve the people from the pay ment of certain debts contracted prior and during the late war. The plea urged for repudiation is the loss of slaves and tbe failure of the crops. The amount of prop erty returned in the b'tate for 1866 is £207,000,000; in 1860, £620,322,777. Loss to the State over £465,000,000. The patronage of the Adminirtration, when used as Mr. Johnson uses it, i c a pow erful influence, but, though Philadelphia was packed and stuffed with Democratic votes, the Union majority was not suffic iently reduced to defeat a single Union Congressman. Thousands of men were given temporary employment in the Navy Yard, and we have a report that many of tbem were Rebel soldiers. "AVe honor loyaltv ar.d detest treason," • was a favorite motto through the war. . The motto of the P p esident now is: "we honor treason and detest loyalty." TERMS.--$1.50 PER ANNtJM. A Compliment to Xolrttterif Farmers. The Richmond Enquirer in speculating upoii the results of the late elections in Pennslvjihia arid ether States; conipliitients the sturdy yeomen offthese coolmoiitfealths in the following origrinri.l manner:-^ "One circumstance is significant:—The great gains of the conservatives in the large cities—Philadelphia and Cincinnati for ex ample—while the rural districts have given their former, or greater, majorities for the radicals. There is an explanation for tbil. With all their boasts of learning and ititeU ligence, there is not a more ignorant peo ! pie to be found in Christendom, on sub jects outside of their daily avocations; thati the multitude of ten arid twenty rind fifty ricre farmers that cover the face of tile | earth in the Northern States. The ex treme destitution of general information of this class became well understood by our citizens in their intercourse with the Fed eral soldiers in the late war. Their con : eeption of intelligence is, the ability to read, and write—spelling is at will. In point of general knowledge and liberality of ideas' there is no comj>etition between the South ern people and the classes at the North td which we refer. Their farms are tod small to yield them profits td thtvel on; They see uothing and hear nothing and know nothing outside of their own uarrotf horizon, excepting what their siugle week ly newspaper tells them." This, says the Philadelphia Inquirer', wo must Say is cool; and it would be re freshing if it had the flavor of truth. Thomas Jefferson said loug ago "that great cities were great evils," and he founded his assertion upon the fact that in cities the congregation of men introduces vices, and gives to corruptions of all kinds facility lor their operations. The country, he was f Opinion, was the home of vittufe; denbe and intelligence; the only .portions of the Irind to be depended upon fur liuiestv . and justice. We do not entirely endorse the c pinion, but as it comes from a gn*ai Virginian, the Enquirer is bound fh'eaf by it. The accusation of ignorance against our sturdy yeomanry, comes with bad 1 grace from a section where public educa tion is discouraged and where the poor whites, neither able to read nor write, have been kept down by the planting aristocra ; cv, who were enabled to rule over them by the superior education which they enjoyed, and which was paid for by the unrequited 1 lal>or of slaves It is a concession by thd Enquirer which must have its vrilue, that Northern farmers cari read and write, arid enjoy their weekly newspapers; Henry A. Wise once boasted that in hij district there was not a single newspaper published; and the reason was, because very ftiw eff his constituents were able to read one.' The woet of the South are owing to the fact of the ignorance of its white, popula tion, which rendered thousands the dupes of the secession oligarchs, and until educa tion is diffused among them as generally as it is SI the North, ilnti! every district has its school, the Southern people will hi. kept down by the educated aristocracy, of which the EnquireY ia an appropriate organ. MISSISSIPPI The Legislature of this State asseriitded a few days aero, and Governor lit sent in his message. It is a gloomy doom ment. The only bright speck he am sec' in the political landscape is the removal of the colored troops from the state He speaks of "that small cloud of fauaticisnf ' that rose in the East, at first no larger th n a man's hand," havih'g ore*spr*Sd the land with its portentious blackness," an J destroyed "the rights and proper 'y (slav ery) of a portion of the States of the Union," and then pitches into' the Corislf tutional amendment thus: "The Radical Congress has enacted laws and proposed amendments to the Constitu tion which, if adopted, will d -troy tli'-i rights of the State and of the j> r pi- . an ? eeutralize all the powers of Government in fhe Federal heal. * * This amendment, adopted by a Congress , of Jess, than three-foui ths of the Stales bi the Union, in palpable violation' of the rights of more than one-fourth of the Sutes. is such an insulting outrage arid reidd of the equal rights of so many of our wort hi est citizens who have shed lustre and gJwy upon our section and our race, W.h in the . fcrum Slid in the field, £ltc£ A utmrp • ation of the rights of the State„iuid such a • centralization of power in the Federal Gov-. . emment that I presume a rtfe 4 " fading *f , it w ill cause its rejection by join? 1 Very well \ the Union csn do Mississippi's representation in Congress A?- long as Mississippi can do without the Union; and if she must be treated as a ju dicious parent would treat a refractory child, be it so. And should she td snow her independence and chivalry by abusmg e the most helpless portion of her j*|mini ion, ,bho will be put under yet closer UaudtH