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Coudersport, |a. Tuesday, April 2,1807.* ~"- r —■ M. W. McALARNEY. EDITOR. LI'MBKR. —Tlie lumbermen in this Motion Lave been unusually busy this reason and have got out a larger quantity of valuable timber than usual. We notice that our enterprising friend John Brooks has over eighty rafts of the most valuable timber waiting for tlie spring freshet. — Cameron Press. PUTT OF SCHOOL DIRECTORS. —There appears to be a genetal negligence on the part ot School Directors to publish the account ot the receipts and expenditures of'heir respective districts as required bv the Act of Assembly. Ihe !Siat Superintendent ot Common Schools slates that this section of the law is as obligatory U|vn the Hoard ot Directors as is the section requiring them to keep open schools, and a neglect to 1 orfortn tins duty according t<> the law will subject Directors to removal by the Courts, the same as the neglect ot any other duty required by law. THE BILL SIGNED. —The bill giving the col ored people tlie right of human beings to ride in all public conveyances, and placing transit companies under severe penalties tor refusing to observe the law. which was recently passed bv the Legislature, was signed by Governor <I"EAJU I*II the 2-' d uIL, and i> now in force. 1 1 } as gone into operation so quietly as scarcely in be noticed, and eotorisd jieople now enter .and depart from tho cars as though they had alwavs possessed the right. Instead of being brutally thrown or kicked off the cars as the (employees were ordered to serve them by their chiefs, the fare of the reconstructed black man •i* taken with the same readiness as that of ethers. FIELDS OF DOCK. — The root of the yell ox c dock so troublesome to farmers, is an effectual alter ative and a most valuable medicine. In the .neighborhood of Lowell, Doct. .)• C. Aver A C*o. have planted fields of it, where they raise many tons at a crop. It grows like a eaiVot or beet, in drills, and its quality or properties have iboiU much improved by cultivation It is one of the ingredients in A vbit's SAKSAPARILLA. and. wc are informed, the extraordinary virtues ot this preparation are largely due to the extract of this root that it contains. The Sarsapariila root, used by this firm, is grown on plantations •of their own, iu Hoiulurus, to secure an articie >f superior and wholly reliable quality. One of the reasons for the universally acknowledge d superiority of their medicines, mav be seen in the watchful care that is used in preparing iheiu— Vermont Statesman. ■SPUING. —A western editor thus hails the re turn of Spring : "Spring is here with her sunny smiles and odoriferous breezes. The thick ribbed ice is fast dissolving away like the phantom forms which dance on the vision floor in our midnight -dreams, and the merry JH-UIS of sleigh bells as •quickly forgotten as the cherry-cheeked sweet heart of a California gold-hunter. Ibo rosy "fingered goddess will soon scatter her flowers around her prairie home ; and love will frolic on undulating plain and tuwenng hill, while friftu country and town we shall seceive the friendly greeting of new subscribers, eas/t i/t <idva ucc Our poet responds ; Come, gentle Spring I ethereal mildness come !" Oh 1 Thompson, void of rliyiue as well as reason, Howcouldst thou thus poor human nature hum? There's no such season. A local editor who has just been mar ried. thus rejoices over Lis change of state : No more are we doomed to room in dark attics, illuminated by the faint odor of stale tobacco, and adorned by tbe presence of bach elor friends, ineb iited and miserable. No, Dr. *we are now settled tor life. We begin to have an interest in the markets, are curious over the jrrice of beef steak, are affected by a rise in soup-lwmes and potatoes. A picture of life in the fu ure dawns before 'is. V\ <• begin to fancy •ourselves sixty or seventy years hence, while headed and venerable,slowly pacing to church, leading bv the hand an iuteres i ig faiftiiy of six rascally white headed boys-infant Snookses, who look up to us and call us "Dad." With .such a possible prospect who would n't get auarried ? And then tbe joy of leading those six through the measles, whooping cough, teeth ing, rash, tliplhcna, and croup, buying them shoes, pounding them when they are ugly, and itrrottiaig litem on our knee when they squall, .seeing'themcome home drowned from skating and having them blown up by toy cannons on The 4th of 3ly, formed a picture of domestic that we could n't resist, and so we did n't. c # A WOMAN'S ADVICE. —A correspondent at Knoxville, says the Tioga Agitator, whom we stake to be a lady, sends the following advice to men : '• We have been lectured long enough, and mow it's our turn. Would n't a series of hints ito the gentlemen be particu'ariy appropriale t Just think bow nice it would sound : Do be a bit sen-ible. in your fashion; wear that stove pi j e hat of yours just as it will protect your tjini and cover your ears ; what is the of That miserable, concern perched on the top ot the head? The ridiculous way y u men all wear it fashion sanctions of course. Going with '.lie chest unprotected, except by a thin shield ot starched linen, when the nst of your body is eeugly encased in warm broadcloth. We can'i find words strong enough to denounce ii ! (11 sll unmanageable brutes a man is the worst (especially a sick one). We Ml rather have charge ot a wild hyena, or Dan Bice's great ugly elephant. Exercise, gentlemen !do n'l sit in the corner watching every movement and finding fault. If you would chop your own kindling wood, or get out in the garden and Jig a few potatoes, you would be far more agreeable in the eyes of your 'dear little wife,' as you sometimes caliber. I>ut men of tadiin will stay out at the gambling bouse or the bil liard table until 2 or 3 in the morning ; then they must have their own hours. The conse quence is, the wife has an extra breakfast to get. Yet. she mn-t wear pleasant smiles and dictate just what you must wear. G rls, beware, or you Mi be a slave to some brute of a mam 1" Judge of (lie Supreme Coin!. Our Republican contemporaries in the central and southern parts of the the Stale, are canvassing the merits and claims of candidates for tbe seat on tlie Supreme Bench soon to be vacated by Chief Justice Woodward. Among the names presented we notice Judge Pearson, of Dauphin, ♦ Judge W iiliams, of A1 eg lieny, Judge Linn, of Center, and Judge Williams, of Tioga. These are all good men; but as only one can be preferred at last, it becomes necess ary to declare a preference. Of tho three first named Judge Linn has our decided preference. His location is good, he is a man of culture, 1 at e 1 in tbe law, sober-inin led, do lberat-, and col lect iu Judgement, lie is a man of good moral stature, upright, and just. a man would make a grand successor to the' ieicular and austerely suave Woodward, whose love of justice is bounded by color-1 ed lines, as States and counties are bound ed on the maps. However, as we have a candidate in our own county, —a candidate not by his, or our own naming, but named by one of the most influential papers in southern Penn sylvania—we heartily endorse the nomina tion and accept the proffer. Judge Will iams is the peer of the other gentlemen named, save, perhaps, in years and exper ience. We have often testified to his su perior gifts, as a lawyer, and as a Judge, and to his high standing as a citizen. We reaffirm all former commendation with pleasure. We go further, and say that there are few clearer intellects in the whole country, few distinguished by a broader and firmer grasp of the interior principles which vivify law, nut ral and civil. Ilis talents are solid rather than showy, and he wisely avoids elaboration when direct state ment embodies the pith of the subject mat ter. A close student in every direction, his acquirement! give him a great advan tage over the mere lawyer, however effec tive the latter may be. As a Common Pleas Judge lie gives tlie 1 largest measure of satisfaction. On tlie Su kprenie Bench he would And still more con j [ genial labor, because bis superior analytical j : powers would come into fuller and freer play. Of his ability to secure the dvlgates from • this Judicial District, from Bradford and Susquehanna, with a fair prospect in Clin-j ton and Lycoming, we have no serious doubt We do not regard tlie mention of . his name as complimentary, but oft-r this as an earnest advocate of his claims lor the nomination — Tioga Agitator. WORLD MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COM PANY OF NEW YORK. — We have never i seen greater indu .'emeiits held out by a ; life insurance company than those offered ~ the publie iy the World Mutual of New York. It presents aft ihe features of any other reliable company, as well as some not 1 found iu others. The policies are non-for . feiting, and the premiums demanded are lower than those of ihe majority of organ , izations ot this kind. The company invites particular attention to its nan participating rates of premium, f which are lower than those of any other company in the world. By this method the insurer secures at once the largest pos-l .; tdble amount of insurance for a stale! sum, which is never increased nor decreased din ing the continuance of the policy. 'J'his nlan is commanded to those persons of fixed income who desire to pay an even sum, and to secure wow the largest, insurance thereof. The sca'e of premiums being on the aver- i i age >Tven'g eight per cent, lower than our participating rates, will secure a policy of thirty-seven per cent, greater, which is equivalent to an annual cash dividend of thirty-seven per cent, paid in advance , or : to a cash dividend of fifty per cent, at the . end of five years. The dividends of the World Mutual Life Insurance company will be calculated on the ''Contribution Plan.„ invented by Sheppaid ll uuans, E-q., Actuary, and en dorsed by such high authority as Prof. W. H. C. Bar tie tt, LL. I), of West Point. Bv this plan, the dividends of anv com puny preserving a tair average ot expense w ill increase with every year of the pol'cy until they may exceed theannnal premium. ' The insured may apply any Dividend either to increase the insurance by an ad i ditiou to bis policy, or may use it as cash ' in payment of his annual premium, j | By the former method, the policy ana-u --! ally increases in amount while the prem . nun remains the same. These "additions i to the policy are always available as cash or the payment of any annual premium, and may be sufficient, after several pay ■ inents, to carrv tbe policy for a number of years. Ii will thus be seen that the "ad ditions" form a reserve fund, which mav ' j be drawn upon at any time of need for the ! I protection of the policy. "The distribution of surplus according to ' the contril ution of the policy to form it," i is not only just and equitable, but has the great advantage of extinguishing entirely 1 . all annual premiums when old age or i changed circumstances may nnler it im possible or difficult to pay them. The burden of payment being thrown upon tlie' earlier years of the insurance, when the in -1 sured is best able to meet it, frees the lat ter years from all effort to sustain tlie pol icy ; for though the dividends may Im* mod erate at first, they will increase with the age of the policy until they may equal the, annual premium, and even exceed it. I This result can never be attained in those , Companies which divide the surplus by an niform per centage on the annual prein ' ium; for the payments continue through ( i life, while the ability or disposition to pa* . is constantly decreasing. . All p" icies are non-forfeitable after two years. The Company will grant on sur render a paid-up policy, winch will, in many instances, exceed the amount of pre miums paid on the original policy. M. W. MacAlarney of CouderspoTt, is the Agent for Potter County and is now prepared to issue Policies. ; The New York Hera'd suggests Gen ? Grant for President and Gen. L*e for Vice ' President. If that ticket should be eJec • ted, how long would Grant be President? i We would not give him over sixty days at the outside! i . _ GONE '.—The v\ hole of the Fiencli troops .have sailed from Vera Cruz for their own i eoiuilty, the last leaving on the 12th. I v era CuiZ is livOV l<esieged by the R<*pub i licaiis, and ivi A xi M ll.i v N is at Quere'aio - where he is beseiget l by Gen. ESCOBEDO. 1 How lie is to e<" j ■to the cca.tis nut verv a apparent at this time, Hemlock Kai li and I.umber. Iu the early times a wide diet riot of country situated north and northeast of the Blue Mountains, and drained by the Dela ware and its affluents, tva timbered in large part with pine and hemlock. The latter had little or no market value. Pine was ii resource for getting tnonev, and was first seized upon. It was literahy ejchaus-j ted at pi ices seldom rising above B'' a thou-j sand for boards at Philadelphia; which was! barely sufficient to keep the lumbermen in J a condition bordering on savagery. When there was no more pine, hem'ock began slowly to appreciate. At last hem-; lock boards and scantling rose in market j somewhat above the rates at which the pine had been sold; but for two or three; years before the Rebellion broke out there was a relapse, and Item lock sunk to $4,50, and even considerably less. There was one relief to the lumbermen meanwhile. At first, there was no market or verv little, in all that country, for hem lock bark. The tanneries by which New York was mainly supplied, were located in Greene and Schoharie counties, and had not yet exhausted the territories by which they were respectively fed Some twenty years ago, bark began to fail livem, and only i one bv one they were forced to emigrate. They came over into the district tributary to the Erie Railway, some in New York and others in Pennsylvania. Here they established tanneries of altogetherunpmce dented magnitude, and have already slaugh tered most of the hemlock in their reach. Some of these tanneries have now no more than a two years supply of bark at com mand ; scarcely one of them a sup] !y reach ing beyond seven or eight years of full busi ness Latterly in these counties the bark has become of more value than ilie timber, though hemlock sawed stuff has grown as high as sixteen dollars a thousand at I'hil adelphia and New York. Hemlock law Is, as a matter of course, have rapidly increas ed in price, and many extraordinary specu lations have bi en made. It becomes a question of importance to determine where these tanneries will locate w hen forced again to emigrate. From Northumberland, along the line of the Philadelphia and Erie Railroad, almost to Erie county, in a region well supplied w illi hemlock, and now conveniently accessible to the seaboard by rail. This hemlock dis trict extends from the northern border down into the midland counties. It is destined soon to experience a friendly invasion of swarming tanners, and a great enhance ment in the value of wild lauds, len years will suffice to produce astonishing results in this respect, unless some inventive genius shall, iu I lie interim, effectual! v contrive a process to supersede leather in commerce At various tunes experiments have been made to concentrate tannin, so as to lessen the co>t of trat'spoliation; the idea being to carry the tannin to the hides, rather than the hides t> the tannin. A good deal of concentrated tannin, brought from India, is used iu England; but in this country no marked success has attended these efforts. Unless further trials shall lead to improved processes, the hides will continue to be sent to the hemlock forests, the cost of transpor tation 1 Kith ways being added to the cost of leather in the great markets. Some speculation lias been excited at different periods, in view of the use and de struction of timber, and the almost total neglect, as yet, to plant forests, as to what will he done for leather when the primitive supply of bark shall be exhausted. Such! speculations are about as premature and idle as serious conjectures about coal when ; the dtqtosits of that material shall be used up. So far, a comparatively fe counties have furnished the bulk of the leather used by the American people. Between the At lantic ami Pacific oceans are immeasurable forests of oak and hemiock, which untold generations will be required to consume. True, a considerable poition of these forests do not yield a bark so rich in tanning as to make the manufacture of sole leather by means <f it -easy and rapid But, after a bating these deficient forests,enough remain to render it unnecessary to con>ider what sources of supply may available when these shall be gone. The President vetoed the supplemental Reconstruction bill whereupon the Senate pas-ed the bill over the veto bv the decis ! ive vote of 40 to 7, and the House passed it by 114 to 25. Reverdy Johnson voted to pass the bill over the veto. In view of the fact that nobody pretends to pay any sort of respect to President Johnson's \e-| toes in belia fof traitors, might he not as 1 well, one of these days, begin to consider ! the propriety of doing soemething on the !side of Right, just for the novelty of the thing if for no better reason? To persist in treachery is bad enough at best, but to persiit in it v. iiliout even the hope of making it effectual, is refinement of stu pidity that none but a debauched apostate could be guilty of. HUNGARY is again practically free. Af ter twenty years of strife and obstinate re sistance Austria has granted all that gave rise to the rebellion in 1848, she lias her independent ministry and Parliament, the Constitution demanded in 1848, and Fran cis Joseph as King. In other respects he j has conciliated the people, and allowed many exiles to return and has even given them conspicuous public positions in Aus tiia. Kossuth has not yet received per mission to return, but he soon will have. He is now old and infirm and living in ! obscurity at Venice on the public charily. Austria's new prime minister Von Beust is 1 the author of these reforms, and in grant ing them he establishes his reputation for wisdom. The Pensylvaii'a legislature has passed one resolution that will l>s generally ap proved. It has agreed to adjourn finally A on the 11th of April. WHINKEY and SCIIOOIN. We have heard much said about the disappearance of great men from the Stage of public affairs, and doubtless it is true in so far as it is a fact that great men die as well as little ones But no man can peruse the debates in the Pennsylvania Legisla ; Lure and retain very serious forebodings of j the extinction of the race of great men. I Having a leirure hour the other day, we j j took up the official organ of that body and | read a speech delivered by Mr. G. 0. D<dse, ; the member for Clinton, Cameron, Elk. and McKean couuties. The debate was ; upon a bill to amend the School law, and j especially upon an amendment prohibiting the employment of teachers of intemperate habits. We shall admit that Mr. Deise is a man of good intellectual abilities, rather above the average of central Pennsylvania politicians. Indeed after reading nis speech against sobriety, for that is what it amount ed to, we were very nearly ready to admit that he is a specimen of budding greatness. Mr. Deise seems to have been called out by some remarks of Mr. Mann, of Potter County, who advocated sobriety as a prime requisite to a good teacher Mr. Deise chose to discover in the amendment an at tempt to legislate against the interests of the people. And he opposed it with much zeal if not with discretion. V\ hether it be true, as Mr. Deise with an originality re markably striking, declared, that the more you touch the whiskey question the more people will drink, or not, we leave the pub lic t. decide; but whe Mr. D. declares in a speech before the representatives of the Commonwealth, that in Potter county "they have female teachers emuloyed to j ferret out who drinks whiskey, and are sometimes obliged to kiss you to tell hov your breath smells,"—we opine that he copies tlie unmitigated blackguardism of tiie journals of his party. Potter county; needs no defence at our bands. Her peo p'e are as famous for their intelligence as fur tireir virtue. Her female teachers are ! entitled to common respect, at least, and Mr. D.'s remarks are an insult to tfcem, if they are Hi any worth or Bonification | whatever. We agree with Mr Mann, that a mar, or woman, who takes a glass of liquor a.a beverage, is not fit to teach school. To this Mr. D. took exception, and propound-j ed this poser. "Where would the gentle man put Daniel Webster ?" He not fit to teach School?" Mr. Matin's reply to this is not recorded; but we reply that we put Daniel Webster among the list of brilliant men who fill drunkard's graves; and fur thermore say, that in our opinion, he was! no more fit to teach school than lie was to lecture O i terrq o ance and the ble-sings of a virtuous life He was a licentious, in- j temperate man; an 1 his example is otic which ought to be covered up away from public ga'Se. Gieat intellectual gifts, un less coupled with a superior moral nature, 1 are a curse to any man, and a disgrace to the annals of a people. Mr. Deise, Jike many another public man, bas much pride of intellect. We can tell him of a better, because ditiner pride, pride of character. Without this pride, without moral impul ses exceeding all other impulses, no ntan, or woman, is fit to teach school. Great j men do not find congenial labor in the school room. I hey tail to comprehend the nature of human growth as it relates to the development of the individual. J hey comprehend the nature of national growth, jor the growth of man in flic aggregate. We now refer to the great meu as they ex ist in popular estimation. With that other and strikingly original remark of Mr. Deise—that the first miracle performed upon earth was the manufacture of wine from water, we will deal briefly. In the first place it was not the first miracle done on earth. The Old Testament is lull of accounts of miracles performed by the Judaic leaders, priests, and prophets. And not only this, but Christ performed many miracles prior to that of the t 'aua Marriage least. However the citation is new for this age. We recollect something of the sort having been used twenty yearea go to check the progress of temperance reform. Mr. Dri-e resides in Clinton county, where a man who can write his name readably is; suspected at once of designs ujon the sta bles, as well as upon the integrity of the dominant party there. Much must be for given tbe gentleman on that account. But we doubt if there is a dealer in poor whis key in Tioga county, so far behind the age as to advocate liquor sellingon the strength of the example of Jesus Christ, Mr. Mann is entitled to public gratitude for his unwearied efforts to mitigate the evil of the liquor traffic. Verily lie hatli his reward—[Tioga Agitator. The confiscation bill, which Mr. Stevens will endeavor to force through Congress, contains nine sections. We shall briefly notice them.—The first clause provides for a genera! forfeiture of a I public lands in the excluded States, the second clause for the seizure of property deemed forfeited under the act of July 17th, 18t>2, the third clause for the appointment of a commission to condemn proj>erty, the fourth for the dis ; tribution of lands to emancipated negroes, | the fifth for the "erection of buildings on J the said homesteads for the use of said blacks," the sixth providing whose proper ty shall be exempt from confiseatioi, the; seventh, eight and ninth provide for the j redemption of property, and lor little de-j tails of execution. SUNDAY CARS. —The bill providinglhat the voting population of Philadelphia max decide at the general election whether they will have Sunday cars or not, was defeated in the Senate last week, by a vole of 14 to i 12. In the Maryland Legislature, oil the 22d iust., a sun lar b II for Baltimore pass ed both branches and the question ofSuu-l dav cats will rest with the voters. "Live and Let Live!" lew Firm with New Goods WEBB & NELSON Having opened a Dry Goods and General Country Store in the building formerly occupied as a Post Office, on the corner of Main and Thiid Streets, iu Coudersport V-' are now prepaied to furnish purchasers with ' ' Dry Goods, Dress GoHoots ip Shoes, Clothing, Hats p ]Vooden-icare, Cu Tobacco & Segars, Teas, Fork, Flour of all kinds, A r. COUNTRY PRODUCE TAKEN IN EXCHANGE. Give us n Call and see if our prices are nptjas Biv as those of any other establishment in the countiy.—April 1, ISG7. ORRIN R. WE33, HALL T. NELSON. BUSINESS CHANGE at the General Merchandise Store Formerly kept by I). E. Olmsted, now Mann, Jones & Co., Sole Proprietors. We take pleasure in announcing to the former patrons of the house and the public in general, that we have taken possession of this Store, and having added a large assortment of SEW STYLE SPRING AM) From New York and Philadelphia, selected with ere at care, with a view to suiting the wants of the community. \Y e are determin ed to give all our attention to keeping up a Full liine of Dry Goods, Heady m adc ITats and Caps, Groceri Crocker if, 4T., So that customers can he supplied at all times. We extend a cordial invitation to all to call and examine our extensive assortment, as wc take pleasure in showing our Goods and of fering them at such a low price that they can not fail but give satisfaction to the buyer, and defy all competition. —April I, 18(57. JOSEPH MANN. A. F. JONES. C. A. DOEBNER.