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( Estahluhed in 1879) Published b- THC STAR PRINTING COMPANY. ' . f Star-Independent Building. « MSO 22 South Third Street, Harrieburtf, Pfc, Bvery Kveninf Except Sunday OffietrtD met it. TAWAMI* F. Marias. Jo.X L. L. KCHK, President W*. W. WALLOWM. v Vfce President w * K «•*■»»• * - W* K MKTIRS, Secretary and Treasurer WII W. WALLOWIR. WM H WARMR, V. HUMHIL BEROHAUS, JR . Business Manager. Editor. AM communicaMons should be addressed to STAR INOSPENDEKT, Rusinrs-. Editorial, Job Printing: or Circulation Department, according to the subject matter Entered at the Post Office in Harrisburg as second-class matter. Benjamin & Kentnor Company, New York and Chicago Representativea. New York Office, Brunswick Building, 225 Fifth Avenue. Chicago Office, People's i?aa Building, Michigan ATenue, Delivered by carriers at 6 cents a week. Mailed to subscriber; (or Three Dollars a year in advance THE STAR-INDEPENDENT The paper with the largest Homt Circulation in Harrisburg and mearby towns. Circulation Examlneu by THe ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN ADVERTISERS. TELEPHONES i BELL Private B ran oh Exchange. .... No. 3280 CUMBEMLAND VALLEY Private Branch Exohange, • • No. 245-246 <S^^ S> Thursday, October 22, 1011. OCTOBER Sun. Mon. Tues. Wed. Thur. Fri. Sat. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 MOON'S PHASES— Full Moon, 4th; Last Quarter, 12th; New Moon, L»th; First Quarter, 23th. qmj 0 Harrisburg and vicinity: Continued AJ. fair weather is indicated for Friday, P j with somewhat lower temperature, to- Eastern Pennsylvania: Fair, slight lv cooler to-night. Friday fnir. Gentle t-" ■ • to moderate north to northeast winds. YESTERDAY'S TEMPERATURE IN HARRISHURG Highest, 74; lowest, 48; 8 a. ni., 49; 8 p. m., 62. ---—, ■ ■ FEW UNOCCUPIED FARMS IN THE STATE There are only 1 Of j unoccupied farms in Pennsyl vania, according to a bulletin just issued by the State Department of Agriculture. Owners have either been unable to make these properties pro ductive or have been seized with a desire for city life. Their location and description are given in the bulletin, the department hoping that they may be sold and properly developed as Pennsylvania cannot afford to have them lying idle. The number of unoccupied farms is diminishing since the "farm advisers" have been sent through out the state giving free expert advice on all mat ters relating to farms, marketing, produce, soil, fruit and home economics. Three thousand farms have thus been visited this year and every branch ni' agriculture explained by the advisers. Hundreds uf letters received at the department testify to the financial value of such advice, many of the farmers writing that by following the direc tions of the experts they have made more than *I,OOO. The fact is 106 unoccupied farms is a remarkably small number for a state covering the vast amount of territory Pennsylvania covers. It must be re membered. too, that all the farm land in this state is not of the fertile sort that is found in Dauphin, Lancaster and other counties in this immediate vicinity. Roek.v and mountainous soil in many Pennsylvania districts presents problems for farm ers that'few city folk, perhaps, can appreciate, and ir is remarkable indeed that the number not under cultivation is so small. The small number of idle Pennsylvania farms is particularly impressive when compared with the vast areas of deserted farm lands in some sections of neighboring Xew York state. OLD NEW YORK'S TRADE TERCENTENARY The city of New York, most important of Amer ica's municipalities and in many respects leader of the cities of the world, will next week celebrate the tercentenary of its commerce and trade. The States General of the Netherlands three hundred years ago granted charters for trade and explora tion, charters which provided the foundation for New York's present day tremendous trade and commerce. The celebration next week will include elaborate pageants, in which Commerce and Peace will be symbolized, followed by trade exhibits. Washington Irving s "Knickerbocker History of New York'' begins its narrative with the creation of the world. In a broad sense, New York's his tory began with that event. Influences have been operative through all time for the shaping of the destiny of this great municipality, this modern example of the wonders which can be achieved by a community of men. The glories of ancient Rome and Greece, safe enough confined to text, books, would be diminished indeed if placed visibly side by side with the wonders of twentieth century New York. Statistics about New York City, with its five bor oughs, arc always startling. In this one munici pality 5,646,966 souls are harbored. Manhattan borough alone has a greater population than Chi cago; the Bronx is larger than Detroit; Brooklyn equals Philadelphia ; Queens is equivalent to Minne apolis, and Richmond borough is like Albany, the capital of the state, in sizd. New York is a city of cities overlapping one another to compose a tre mendous whole. London numbers a million fewer souls within its own county than the number of souls in New York. In thp great American city a child is born everv X V HARRISBURG STAR-INDEPENDENT, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 22, 1914. four minutes, a soul passes away every seven min utes and a marriage ceremony is performed every ten minutes. A new building goes up every forty minutes, adding almost $200,000,000 annually to the assessed property value. Although the city covers only one-fourth of the area of the state of Rhode Island it is greater in population than any of the states in the country save Pennsylvania and Illi nois. Its growth is not outward but upward and downward. The nation is proud of its New York. The giant city does not belong to itself nor to its state but to the entire country. It is a clearing house for America's great financial and commercial activities. More than ohe-fourth of all the income tax paid in tlie United States is collected below Fourteenth street, New York City. As a seaport the city is the mightiest in the world. From 80 per cent, of all the cities in the United States travelers can go to New York without changing cars. Dutchmen started New Amsterdam's commerce three hundred years ago. Early New Amsterdam could be lost in one of present-day New York's office buildings. Yet the start was essential. The foundation had to be laid upon which American thrift could build. Americans have made old New York what it is to-day, and Americans take pride in the accomplishment. The city and the nation will next week join in celebrating the tercentenary of the commerce aud trade of New York and the United States. If anybody has any real campaign thunder it will soon lie time to turn it on. It will be interesting to note how long it will be after the American forces are withdrawn from Vera Cruz before it will be necessary to send them back. Former President Taft has trust in the Washington ad ministration notwithstanding the apparent lack of confi dence indicated by some Republicans of less prominence Now they want to make the city commissioners' terms four years instead of two. That might be all right, espe cially as they are proposing to make it easier to exercise the recall privilege of the Clark Act. The city solicitors who are members of the committee of j the League of Third Class Cities that is framing amend-1 monts to the commission form of government law to be i submitted to the next Legislature, declined to vote on the proposition to tax lawyers; but the mayors on the com mittee went right ahead and "put one over" on the munici pal legal advisers. TOLD IN LIGHTER VEIN AGILE PARENT "Papa, what is an escutcheon?" "Why t" "This story says there was a blot on his escutcheon." "Oh, yes! An escutcheon is a light-colored vest. He had ! probably been carrying a fountain pen."—Houston Post. THE REASON During a military review at Aldershot last summer one of the foreign attaches had made himself obnoxious to j several staff officers by asking ridiculous and ot'ten im-1 pertinent questions. At last he caught a Tartar. Turning to an old infantry officer, he said: "How is it, colonel, that your bugle call 'Advance' is so very short, while the 'Retreat' is just, the reverse!" "Because, sir,' replied the veteran, "when a British sol dier goes into action it only needs a little note from a bugle to make him advance anywhere, but it takes a whole brass band to make him retreat!"— London Tit-Bits ' | BLAME THE CAT, ANYWAY Mistress What! Ihe cream all gone again? [ really cannot understand it." Servant—"Please, mum, the cat." Mistress—"Nonsense, when we haven't one." • I Sersant But please, mum, you said as you was a-going j to get one."—Exchange. ABSOLUTE PROOF "Do yer lovj me, 'Erb?" "Love yer, Liz, I should jest think I does. Whv, if ver ! ever gives me up I'll murder yer. I can't say more'n that, can If"—Punch. REVENGE "Are our theatre seats next the aisle!" "No; they are at the extreme end of the row next to the wall." "Then we'll go late."—Exchange. TOO EASY Harry—"Marry me and your smallest w.ehes will always be fulfilled." Carrie—"l am able to do that myself. What I want is a man who will gratify mv biggest wishes."—Town Topics. HE KNEW THE MTJLE Ephun, Johnson was up the judge on a cruelty to animals charge. "'Deed Ah wasn't abusin' dat mule, Jedge," the old man demurred. "Did you not strike it repeatedly with a clubf" " Yesseh.'' "And do you not know that you can accomplish more with animals by speaking to them." "Yesseh; but dis critter am diffnt, He am so deef he cain't heal, me when Ah speaks to him in de usual way so Ah has to communicate wid him in de sign language."— Exchange. VEILED WISDOM "What are you laughing at, dearf" "I was just thinking how you used to sit and hold my hand for an hour at a time before we were married. How silly you were." ' I wasn t sillv at all. I held your hand to keep you away from the piano."—Exchange. MEAN Mr. Scribe is a great ruslwr after compliments. Having given, by request, a reading from his own works to some ladies, hq said afterwards to one of them: "It was very cruel of you, I think, to make me stand up there and read my own stuff.'' "Ah," replied the young woman, "but you had your revenge, Mr. Scribe. You must have seen that w e were compelled to listen."—Exchange. UNDERSERVED The cannibal picked his teeth reflectively. "Of course," he observed. "I have eaten worse speeimns than the late Governor, but—" He selected a cigar with a perfecto shape. " —I can't understand why they always said ' Sour Ex I cellencv' wnen they addressed him."—Fun. ' N IT ongue-End Topics | "Hans" Wagner as State Official When the State Fisheries Commission meets in Harrisburg soin, as contem plated by Commissioner Buller, among those who will be present for the first time will be General John P. Wagner, of Carnegie'. Pa General Wagner is known as "Hans'' Wagner, the great est baseball player in bis day in the country, for years th« mainstay of the Pittsburgh National club and often head of the batting list when the averages are madb out. As shortstop on the diamond "Hans" is without an equal anywhere. Last summer, when a vacancy occurred in the Fisheries Commission, Governor Tcncr, knowing that Mr. Wagner was an authority on fishing, appointed him to till the vacan cy, and at the next maeting of the j Commission he will ;;it for the first j time. As a member oi » he Commission "Hans' 1 will receive no salary, but his expenses will be paid. As a member of the famous Pirates team Mr. Wagner draws down a salary said to be little short of SIO,OOO. He can afford to take a day off to fish. * * * The Genial Senator Thompson Senator Joseph Henry Thompson, of Beaver county, was an attendant at the Board of Pardons session this week, having a murder case to argue. He is known as one of the most genial and courteous Senators. There's a rea son. .He was born in Ireland. Ho came to this country in 1889, remov ing to Beaver county iu 189 S. It wasn't long before his Irish blood as serted itself and lie was in a tight, for, being a membor of the lighting Tenth regiment he went with that command to the Philippines aud had his share of the Manila battle. He is a graduate of the University of Pittsburgh and was one of its football stars. After leaving the university he acted as coach for the team and made it one of the best in the country. * * * Senator Salus Seeks Re-election Senator "Sam" Salus, of Philadel phia, was a visitor to the Capitol this week, and met mauy friends. Senator Salus represents the Second Philadel phia district, and has the nomination of the Republican. Keystone and Roose velt Progressive parties for re-election this year. As a member of the House iu 1905, he introduced the obnoxious newspaper libel bill suggested by Gov ernor Pennypacker, wtfich was design ed to prevent the criticising of the acts of men in public life, and which ha 3 seldom been employed in the courts as it was meant to by its author. Senator Grady, who introduced the bill in the Senate, was long ago retired to private life, but Senator Salus seems to "light on his foot'' every time he runs for of fice. If elected this year, it is under stood, he will be a candidate for Presi dent pro tem. of the Senate at the close of the session of 1915. Old Friends Greet Alter Speaker George E. Alter, who pre sided over the House of Representa tives during the last session and kept i order in a > mighty turbulent House, had business with the Public Service Com mission this week, and met many friends at the Capitol, for he has many. He was one of the most popular Rep resentatives ever sent from Allegheny. Mr. Alter is not a candidate for re election this year, having decided to stay home and attend to his law prac tice. He has not left the political arena however, and was quite active in his j support of Dimmick, for United States! Senator against Penrose in the pri- [ maries. GET RID OF HUMORS AND AVOID SICKNESS Humors in the blood cause internal derangements that affect the whole sys tem, as well as pimples,'boils and other eruptions, and are responsible for the readiness with which many people con tract disease. For forty years Hood's Sarsaparilla has been more successful than any other medicine in expelling humors and removing their inward and outward effects. Get Hood's. No other medicine acts like it. Adv. NOTICE Our Advertisement Last Evening Should Have Read Combination Brush and Vacuum Sweepsr At $4.00 Each with every gale amounting to SIO.OO or over. Only one to a customer. Price separate, 95.40. The Sweeper for which you pay SIO.OO elsewhere. "The House That Saves You Money" HCHAS. F. N OOVEII FURNITURE COMPANY II 1413-15-17-10 North Second St. URGE FOUR-YEAR TERMS FOR CITY COMMISSIONERS Continue* From Klrat Page. ordinances, except those ns otherwise provided for in the act, cannot be passed without tihe affirmative vote of three members. The Clark act in its present form lias been interpreted by some city so licitors to mean that a mayor may suc ceed himself while others say he can not. The committee suggests that the act should bo so changed as to remove all question as to tho rights of mayors to serve one, two or more terms, this suggestion being made in view of the fact that the mayors do not have full appointive and dismissals- powers over the police. Under the plan to extend the terms of the (.'oinmissioners from two to four years, four Commissioners would be elected in the fall of 1915, the two re ceiving the highest number of votes to have four-year terms and the other two, terms of only two years. Every two years thereafter two Commission ers only would be elected. A special sub-committee composed of K.-l*. Schoonmaker, of Bradford; Mayor Ira W. Stratton, of Reading, and City Solicitor A. A. Cochran, of Chester, will draft the amendment under which it is proposed to place the police and fire departments under civil service. Mayor Ira J. Stern, of Erie, suggested that a civil service commission should be com posed of tho Mayor, City School Super intendent and City Health Officer. The Referendum Feature The amendment to the referendum feature will be prepared by H. P. Reiser, of Ijcbanon. The committee men said they thought the change should be so made as to make it pos sible to have an ordinance, passed by a city commission, referred to the vote of the people, by tiling a petition signed by less than twenty per cent, of the voting population as is required now. No fixed percentage was spcci-i tied. The plan to urge extension of the terms of the city solicitors and city en gineers was adopted by a unanimous vote of the committee. Section 8 of Article 4 of the Clark act provides that | a person who shall give or offer money or any other valuable consideration to a member of a commission for the pur pose of influencing that official shall be guilty of bribery James A. Card- I ner, City Solicitor of (New Castle, will j frame an amendment to that section | prohibiting making such offers to "any or all city officers or employes." Cities would be permitted to erect | municipal boat and bath houses under an ameudment offered by Mayor Stern. ] of Erie, and adopted by the commit- j tee. After Mayor Stern offered an other amendment, under which lawyers, doctors and other professional men would be liable to taxation, City So licitor Seitz, of Harrisburg, wanted to know whether it is a revenue measure or a license under police powers?" Lawyers Decline to Vote Mayor Stern said he didn't know, and Mr. Seitz added: "If it is a revenue measure, how can you fix the amount of tax at SIOO, and, if it is under police powers, it will mean the inspection and regulation of those per sons and their offices by the police." On the vote taken four Mayors fa vored tho amendment and the lawyers refused to oppose it, many saying, "we will not vote." Mayor Royal, of Harrisburg, offered the amendment extending the penalty for violation of city ordinances from thirty to ninety days. The committee adopted his suggestion by a vote of 10 to 2. The Erie Mayor opposed the suggested change, saving that an al derman frequently holds police court in his city and "he is too severe." The plan to change the date of be ginning the fiscal year back from Jan uary 1 to April 1 was defeated, and Solicitor Gardner was directed to frame an amendment under which the tax year will be ehanged, either from Au gust 1 to May 1 or two collection dates will be fixed, one for half the tax, to 'be about April 1, and the other on June 1. The committee took no action with respect to creating the office of city manager to have executive powers over all city departments leaving the com mission with legislative powers only. The matter will in all probability be considered at another meeting of the committee to be held in December. To the Public— You Are Invited to Observe the Store Windows! THE retailers of this city in common with merchants all over North Amer ica are observing Newspaper Window Display Week. They are showing in their windows products made familiar to you by adver tising in this newspaper. They are backing up the advertising with a showing of the actual goods. These store windows'will be interesting and instructive. They will evidence live products and live storekeepers. They will be well worth looking at. Storekeepers who observe National Newspaper Window Display Week are Worthy of Your Consideration SUCCESSFUL MEN You may hear or read about the remarkable suc cess of some man and attribute it to luck. To be honest with yourself you must acknowledge, how ever, that the average lucky man makes his own luck. He is prepared to welcome opportunity because of his substantial savings account. Open an account in this institution to-day and begin the accumulation of YOUR " Opportunity" fund. We invite small as well as large deposits. SOLITARY LIFE IN JAIL It Has Finally Wrecked the Mind of Jesse Pomeroy That .lesse Pomeroy, the prisoner at Charlestown prison, has at last broken mentally under the strain of his years of confinement, became evident during the recent visit ol' Gov ernor Walsh to the institution. When the Governor, in his inspection, stopped before the cell in Cherry Hill and the guard drew aside the iron shut ter which has cut off Pomeroy front all communication witli even the rest of his prison worltl, a strange thing oc curred. Pomeroy for the first time that he had been brought in contact with a chief executive since his imprisonment did not ask for a pardon or protect his innocence. He instead told the Gov ernor that he had a bank book he wanted to send his mother, but could not do so because of red tape. Officers at the prison for some time have known that Jesse has considered himself immensely wealthy. The Gov ernor asked Pomeroy where the bank book was, and Pomeroy replied that it was in the prison office. He further said that he had written to the prison authorities about the bank book sev- Potatoes Potatoes Just received a carload Potatoes, packed 2 bushel, 120 lbs., in bag. 10 bushel lots and up, 67'/*c 5 bushel lots and up, 70c 1 bushel lots and up, 76c 1 peck and up, 20c Leave your order at any of our Stores. OUR STORES ARE LOCATED AS FOLLOWS: 1903 DERRY ST. Bell Phone No. 895 L COR. 13th AND SWATARA STS. Bell Phone No. 3673W 1518 N. SIXTH ST. Pell Phone No. 1718 L COR. THIRD AND CHESTNUT Bell Phone No. 1753R The 2 in 1 Stores Co. Harrisburg, Pa. eral times. but had received no sati« faction. The Governor promised lii would look after the bank book. For thirty-six years Pomeroy has been kept in solitary confinement, and many alienists have given opinions re Harding what effect it would have upon his sanity. It is now believed that Pomeroy has weakened mentally under the strain.—Boston Post. Where Dollars Originated Joachitustahl, i.ear Carlsbad, is hi?- toric as the birthplace of the original dollar. This was the silver guldcu groseken. coiued in 151U by order of Count Sell lick from the metal of A reeently opened mine, and it became known as the joachimsthaler, or "tha ler" alone for short. Before lfiOU the nimble English language had already made "dollar" of this. Thereafter this name was loosely used of all manner of coins, varying in value from cents to sl.-5 and belonging to all manner of countries, from Sweden 10 Japan. It was from the prevalence of the Spanish "dollar" in the British- American colonics at the time of their revolt that the modern "almighty dol lar'' was derived, while in modern English very recent slang has given the name to the crown piece.