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SICK CIIILDREN LOVE CASGARETS FOR THE BOWELS Give "Candy Cathar tic" for a Bad Cold, Sour Stomach. Con stipation Get a 10-cent bo* now. Most of the ills of childhood are caused by a sour, disordered stomach, sluggish liver ami constipated bowels. They catch cold easily, become cross, listless, irritable, feverish, restless, tongue coated, don't eat or sleVp well and need a gentle cleansing of the bowels —but don't try to forse a nause ating dose of oil into the little one's al ready sick stomach —it is cruel, need less and old-fashioned. Any child will glaelly take Cascarets Candy Cathartic which act kently— never gripe or produce the slightest un easiness—though cleanse the little one's system, sweeten the stomach and put the liver and bowels in a pure, healthy condition. Full directions for children and grown-ups in each package. Mothers can rest easy after giving this gentle, thorough laxative which costs only 10 cents a box at any drug store. —Adv. C. V. N ROBBING BELLSNICKIERS DIDN'T SNICKER AT JUDGE One Thief Was Sent to Pen. Other to Reformatory Jury Disbelieved Their Story, in Which They Impli cated Bruce McLaughlin Waynesboro, Feb. B.—The jury in the case of Bruce .McLaughlin, charged with robbery from J. >H. Baer, Cress Station, Christmas Eve, Saturdav morning returned a verdict of not guilty. Clarence Wallace and Howard Wing ert, two Waynesboro youths, who pleaded guiltv to a like charge and who implicated McLaughlin, were then sentenced by Judge Gillan. Wallace was sent to the Eastern penitentiary for a term of not less than 2< a nor more than years. Wingert was com mitted to the Huntingdon reformatory. Wallace and Wingert posed as bell snicklers and pulled off the robberv. STRIKERS ARE HOLDING OCT Woolen Mill Owner Refuses to Consider Demands for Wage Increase Chambersburg, Feb. B.—Very little machinery was in operation at tie Mel ville woolen mills Saturday and to-day, only that which was necessary to finish material in course of manufacture be ing operated. On Saturday twenty - eight of the strikers met in the So cialists' hall and further discussed the situation. They finally appointed a committee of three, consisting of Lawrence Barnes, Thurston Bowie and Harold English, to call on Mr. Melville and talk over the situation. Mr. Melville told them ae would not discuss the matter further, but, if they wished, they could go to work at the same wages they had been receiving. The men then withdrew. Held for Stealing Spouting Carlisle, Feb. B.—Having been posi tively identified by Reuben Ettinger as the man who sold hiin copper spouting. Fred D. Robinson, who was arrested Wednesday by Constable Kauffman, charged with stealing piping from Denny Hall and working a "skin" game on .Mr. Ettinger. a local -junk man, has been held for court by Justice Hughes following a hearing. He was committed to jail in default of bail. Octogenarian Is Dead Gettysburg. Feb. B.—Mrs. Caroline (Thomas'! Bittinger. a well-known resi- ! dent of Cashtown, died at the home of 1 her daughter, Mrs. Emma Hossler. at 6 o'clock Saturday morning, aged 82 years. Mrs. Bittinger -was the widow of John Bittinger. who for many years conducted a wagon-maker's shop at, Hilltown. He died about thirty-five years ago and Mrs. Bittinger continued 1 her residence at the old home until about a year ago, when she went to make her residence with Mrs. Hossler. She was a member of the Cashtown Re- I formed church. One Year for Throwing Dish Hagerstown, Feb. B.—' "I will let you off easy. One year in the House of Correction," said Justice D. W. Doub Saturday in passing sentence on Frank Huyett for assaulting his wife. Huyett had pleaded guilty and was apparently contrite in the court room, and he had nothing to say in reply to i the story told by the woman. Mrs. Sa die Huyett. who told of being kicked under the chin and being hit on the arm by a flying dish. "FIRE PREVENTION" ESSAYS High School Pupils to Compete in State Wide Contest Prizes for the best essays on "Fire Prevention" will be given to pupils ofl any High school in the state by the Xa-1 tional Municipal League, of Philadel-! phia. The essays must not exceed 2,500 ; words. for which a prize of S3O will j be given for the best and S2O offerelj for the second. Essays must be mailed to Clinton ! Rogers Woodruff, secretary of the Xa-1 tional Municipal League, 703 North! American building, Philadelphia, uo; I later than April 15. — Wants 9500 for Being Ejected Lebanon, Feb. B.—Clifford Gates, of i this city, through his attorney, W. S. I Light. instituted suit in trespass for I SSOO damages against William B. Pvle, manager of the Family theatre here.) Oates alleges that on January 23, last, I although he had purchased a ticket for ' the performance, he was denied admis-i •ion and also ejected from the place. HARRISBURO STARrINDEPENDENT, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 8, 1915. 1913 DEATH RATE SHOWS USE Pennsylvania Mortal ity 14.6 Per 1,000 According to Govern ment Figures AVERAGE AGE AT DEATH WAS 39.8 Nearly IK Per Cent, of All Deaths Were of Infants Under 1 Year and More Than as Per Cent. Children Under 5 Years Washington, P. C., Feb. $. —The an nual report on mortality in the United States, relating to the calendar year 1913, which is soon to be issue*l by Di rector Harris, of the Bureau of the Census, of the Department of Com merce, will show a death rate of 14.1 per 1,000 estimate*! population in the registration area of the United State* a slight increase as compared with the rate for 1912. The report was out lined by Dr. Cressy L. Wilbur, formerly connected with the division of vital statistics, Bureau of the Census, and was prepared under the direction of Mr. Richard C. Lappiu, of that division. In May, 1914, the Census Bureau issued a preliminary statement relating to mortality in 19*13, but the detaili'l report contains many features of in terest not included in the preliminary announcement. Total Deaths in Registration Area The total number of deaths (exclu sive of stillbirths) in the registration area, which now contains about two thirds of the population of the United State's, was 890,548. The lowest rate ever shown in the bureau's reports was that for 1912, which was 13.9 per 1,- 000. There has been a marked, though not continuous, decline in the death rate sirce 1880, when it was 19.8 per 1,000 baaed on the deaths among 17 per cent, of the country's population. The registration are>a of the United States. a> constituted for the year, 1913, consists of 2 4 states one of which. Xorth Carolina, the registration is restricted to municipalities which had 1,000 population or over in the District of Columbia, an.-. 41 cities in nonregistration states. The states and cities making up this area are those whose registration of deaths has been accepted by the Bureau of the Census as being fairly complete (at least 90 per cent, of the total number of deaths), and from which transcripts of the death certificates recorded un der the state laws or municipal ordi nances were received by the Bureau of the Census. The estimated jiopulation of the reg istrat.ioo area in 1913 was 63,298,715. It lias grown from six tenths of 1 per cent, of the total land area of tl»j Cnited States in ISBO to 35.6 per cent, in 1913, and the proportion of the population living in it has increasei from 17 per cent, in 1880 to 65.1 per cent, in 1913. Comparison With Foreign Countries Comparative figures for foreign countries are not available for 1913, but in 1912 the only important coun tries or provinces having lower death rates than the I'nited States were Nor way (13.4 per 1.000), England and Wales (13.3), Denmark (13), the Province of Ontario (12.4), Holland i 12.3), Australia (11.2), and Neiw Zealand (5.9). Death Rates of States Following are the death rates per 1,000 population in 1913 for the states included within the registration area: California, 14.5; Colorado, 11.5; Con nevricut. 15; Indiana, 13.3; Kentucky, 13.3; Maine, 15.3-; Maryland, 16.2; Massachusetts, 15; Michigan. 13.9; Minnesota, 10.4; Missouri. 12.5; Mon tana. 12; New Hampshire, 17.1; New Jersey, 14.3; New York, 15; Xorth Car olina (figures relate only to municipali ties having a population of 1,000 or over in 1900), 16.5; Ohio. 13.8; Penn sylvania, 14.6; Rhode Island, 15; Ctah, 11; Vermont, 15.8; Virginia. 13.9; Washington, 8.5; Wisconsin. 11.5. The lowest i.eath rate shown by anv registration state was that for Wash ington (8.5 per 1,000), while New Hampshire's rate (17.1) was the high est. The fact that the average Washington's population is much low er than that of Now Hampshire's doubtless constitutes the chiec' reason for this difference; and a like explana tion holds good in many similar case's. Death Rates for Cities Following are the death rates per 1,- 000 population in 1913 for th© 50 reg istration cities with populations of 100.000 or over in 1910. Separate fig ures for white and colored persons are given m parentheseas for cities in which tie colored population constitut ed 10 per cent, or more of the total in 1910. Alabama—Birmingham, 17.4 (white 12.3; colored. 25.2). California—Los Angeles, 15; Oak land, 12.5; San Francisco, 15.9. Ooloradev—Denver, 13.7. Connecticut—Bridgeport, 14.9; New Haven, 15.9. District of Columbia—Washington, 17.3 (white, 14.4; colored, 24.4). Georgia—Atlanta, 17.4 (white, 13.5; colored, 25.2). Illinois—Chicago, 15.1. Indiana—lndianapolis, 15.7. Kentucky—Louisville, 16.2 (white, 14.3; colored, 24.8). Louisiana-—New Orleans, 19.9 (white. 15.6; colored. 31.9). Maryland—Baltimore, 18.5 (white, 16.2: colored, 31). Massachusetts—Boston, 16.4; Cam the extreme weakness often results in irrpaired hearing, weakened eyesight, bronchitis and other troubles, but if Scott'a Emulsion is given promptly, it carries strength to the organs A t and creates rich blood to build dfC&k up the depleted forces. Yflf Children thrive on Scotf a Emulsion. 0// 1..71 • It h Pre: fror. Alcohol WHAT WEAK EYES NEED A FREE PRESCRIPTION Tired, weak, work-»trained eyee need oare and a chance to regain their health and strength People carelessly neglect their eyes. So few know what to do for them. Think how many home remedies you know for your other troubles and how few for your eyes. Here Is a pre scription.—a simple, harmless home remedy that has been used successfully by thousands. The next time your eyes trouble you try It: Get from H. C. Ken nedy or any druggist a tube of S-graln op ion a tablets, drop one tablet Into two ounces of wi ter and use from J to 4 times a day to bathe the eyes. Opiona iiihl water make a southing, healing, cooling lotion that brings eiulok relief and makes the eyes and lids reel smooth and comfortable. Tills prescription can be used without fear and it Rives sur prising results In many cases. It sharp ens the vision. Invigorates, strengthens and tones up the eyes. Many reports show that some who use It have laid aside glasses they have worn for a lonir time.— Adv. bridge, 13.5; FVll River, 17.2; Lowell, 15.9; Worcester. 15.5. Michigan—Detroit. 17.3; Grand Rapids, 13.3. Minnesota—Minneapolis. 11.6; St. Paul, 11. Missouri—Kansas Oitv, 14.8; St. Louis. 14.9. i Nebraska—Omaha. 13.9. Now. Jersey—Jersev Oitv, 14.6; Xew.wk, 14.4; Pateraoii, 13.5.' Now York—Albany, 19.5; Buffalo, 15.8; Xcw York. 14.3"; Rochester, 14.6; Syracuse. 15.7. Ohio-—Cincinnati, 16.9; Cleveland, 14.2; Columbus, 15.3; Davton, 16; To ledo, 16.2. Oregon—Portland. 9.5. Pennsylvania—Philadelphia, 15.7; Pittsburgh, 17.1; Semnton. 14.8, Rhode Island—Providence, 15.2. _ Tennessee—Memphis. 20.8 (white, 15.9; colored. 28.2); Nashville, 17.8 pvhite, 14.7; colored, 24). Virginia—Richmond. 20.4 (white 16.7; colored, 26.5). Washington—Seattle. 5.4; Spokane, 8.9. \N ieonsin—Milwaukee, 12.7 The lowest rate shown by any of these cities was that for Seattle, Wash. (8.4). while the highest (20.8) wai for Memphis, Tenu. Where Colored Populatiou Is Large An interesting feature of the report is the presentation of u table showing comparative death rates for white and colored persons (including Indians, Chinese and Japanese) in 67 cities in which the colore;! population consti tuted 10 per i-i it. or more of the total in 1910. In these 67 cities (including two ju Kentucky and two in Maryland in which the colored jopuntion consti tuted loss than 10 per cent, of the total), taken together, the death rate among the whites in 1913 was 15.3 per 1,000, while among the colored )>opulation it was 26.8.. The highest rate for the colored was 37.2 in Charles ton, S and the lowes* was 8.5 in Cootesville. Pa. By the aid of this table it is pos sible to make a much fairer comparison between the heahhfuhicss of different cities, on the basis of tie death rates among the whites alone, than could be ma le on the basis of general death rates. For example. Birmingham. Ala., in which the combined death rate for white and colored persons was 17.4 per I.ooo—considerably above the average tor large cities—shows a rate of only J J. 3 for wh.tes alone—a little less than that for Oakland. Cal., and eonsiderablv less than the rates for manv other cities. Average Age of Death, The average of death for both sexes, from all causes combined, was 39.8; for males alone. 39.2; for fe males alone, 46.6. The corresonding averages for 1912 were 40.6, 39.9 and 41.4. The report cautious the reader not to confuse the average age at death with expectation of life as given in life tables. Xearly IS per cent, of all deaths were of infants under 1 year of age. 'and more than 25 per cent, were of children uuder 5 years. After the first five years of age deaths are most fre quent among persons between 70 an.l i 4. inclusive. This appiies to both sexes combined and to women alone, the deaths among these grou.s foming 6.56 per cent, and 6.8S per cent., re spectively, of the corresponding totals. For men alone, however, the period of greatest mortality is he:ween the ages 65 aiul 69. inclusive, t-ie deaths dur ing this period constituting 6.4 \>er cent, of tile total for males. Fewer Deaths From Tuberculosis The death rate from tuberculosis (all forms) declined from 14 9,5 per 100,- 000 population in 1912 to 147.6 in 1913. The rate from this cause shows a continuous, though irregular, decline from year to year since 19 04. Hie death rates from cerebral hem orrhage (apoplexv) and organic heart diseases and endocarditis also declined as compared with 1912, the .former from 75.7 to 74.6 per 100.000 [opu latiou, and the latter from 151.J to 14 7.1. These rates, however,, are high er than in in most of toe vears between 1900 and 1912. Although the rates for tv. hoid fever, scarlet fever, diphtheria and croup, pneumonia (all forms), and diarrhea and enteritis (infants under 2 years) show inereases as compared with 1912, there has been a general and pro nounced dwline in the rates from these causes since 1900. Cancer Mortality Increasing On the other hand, there has been an almost continuous iuerease from vear to year since 1900 in the death rates from cancer, organic heart diseases and endocarditis, nephritis, and Bright's dis ease. The most marked increase for any one of the most important 12 causes of death was\that in the rate for cancer, which rose from 63 per 100,000 popula tion in 1900 to 78.9 in 1913. and in only two cases did the rate for any year between 1900 and 1913 show "a" de crease as compared with the preceding year. Suicides and Violence There were 9,988 suicides in the reg istration area during the year 1913, the rate being 15.S per 100.000 popula tion —a slight decrease as compared with 1912, when the rate was 16. In the registration area there were 58.578 deatns from violence (including homicide and legal execution but ex cluding suicide), corresponding to a death rate of 92.5 j»er 100,000 popula tion. This rate shows a considerable increase as compared with that for 1912, which was 58.9. Automobile and Horse Fatalities That the automobile, iu spite of the rapidity with which it has come into general use, is still less deadly thau the horse, might be inferred from the fact that the mortality' incident to its operation was lew in 1913 than that cihargeshle, directly and indirectly, to man s faithful but sometimes erratic friend. During the year the number of dewths resulted from nuV>n>obile acci dents hnd injuries was 2,488, while the number dne to injuries ami accidents caused by other vehicles (principally horse drawn) -was 8,381, and the num ber caused by animals (principally horses), was 540. The corresponding figures for 191S w«re 1,768, 2,221 ami 543. A few fatalities caused by motor cycles and bicycles are included in those due to "other vehicles," and a small numberchargeable to animals other than horses are comprised in those caused by animals; but, after making due allow ance for these factors, tkere still re mains a considerable "margin of safe ty" in favor of the automobile. Deaths due to railway accidents and injuries during tihe year numbered 8,212, and those resulting from street car acci dents and injuries, 1,998. The corre sponding figures for 1912 were 8.209 and 1,832. For the first time the num ber of fatalities due to automobile ac cidents and injuries exceeds the number resulting from injuries caused by other vehicles and also exceeds the number due to street car accidents. m MEASLES Little Talks on Health and Hygiene by Samuel G. Dixon, M. D., LL. D„ Commissioner of Health Of the common ailments of childhood there are uone which the greater num ber of people hold in contempt more than measles. Familiarity may be the blame for this, for the fact that in the great majority of cases the children re cover from the acute attack to such u degree that the parents do not recog nize the highly susceptible condition in which it leaves most of the organs of the body. Particularly the lungs are left in a condition which permits the germs of tuberculosis to live in them and causes an untold number of deftths, yet this result is sufficiently removed from the acute attack for the layman not to recognize the relationship. While far more children die from this cause than from scarlet fever, the Inter is universally feared and measles is looked upon as a necessary evil. It is a common practice with many people of considerable intelligence to permit children to be- exposed to measles when it is prevalent. >'They might as well get it over with," is the usua* excuse which is offered for this dangerously ignorant practice. The after effect of a severe case of measles may he quite as menacing to the health of the child as those which often follow scarlet fever. The weak ening of the lungs with resulting bronchial pneumonia aud susceptibility to tuberculosis follow in hundreds of cases. \ Diseases of the ear are also a fre quent rpsult. Despite its universal prevalence, there are many factors in couuectiou with the disease of which the medical profession is in ignorance. It is certain, however, that it is most readily transmitted by the discharges from the nose and mouth of the patient in the early stage's of the disease and for this reason children who have been exposed and who have developed coughs should not. be allowed to associate with other children. Owing to their ignorance of the se -ious nature of the disease, parents oft en endeavor to treat their children without calling in a physician. In view of the frequent serious complications which mean dentil, no risk can be ta ken. The loss of a little schooling and sociability cannot be considereel by sane persons alongside of death. For eight years the death rate from this disease in Pennsylvania has been higher than for scarlet fever anil this is due largely to the ignorance and in difference of parents in permitting their own an 1 either children to be ex posed to measles, wh'eh affects all the internal organs and leaves the mucus membrane a gooil soil for tuberculosis. LANCASTER TOBACCO MARKET War Brings Higher Prices Despite Ir regular Quality Lancaster, Feb. S. —As some of the big outside tobacco and cigar concerns that were in the field early in the sea son buying Lancaster county's 1914 tolacco have resume! buying, after some weeks cf standing off. there is a pros ect of the price.! on the crop stif fening. Irately t.he prices we*nt down as low as 8' j cents a pound for wrap per goods, but the bet crops are now bringing 10 cents. It is not believed that more will be paid under any circumstances, except tor extra choice goods. PtK'kers are beginning to believe that the grev.t drawback to this crop, its great irreg ularity as to color, may be at least partially overcome as the tobacco ; assrs through the sweating process, though a brut twentv per cent, of the* crop, a crop that will turn out prob ably 70,000 cases, is likely to hang on the growers' hands until very late in the season. He;'riventalives of the big concerns now buying say they will buy only a comparatively small percentage of what they would have taken had the crop not been so irregular. Instead of sweeping up entire sections, as they were accus tomed to do in former years, they now inspect every crop ••weiiilly, as every ' one is bcaigtit op its individual merits. Many growers, dissatisfied with the eon j ditions of the tobacco industry, declare they will turn from teibacco culture to other less risky crops next sc-asou, the I high prices of wheat and corn providing I a strong lure now, and high prices aro ' expected to contiuue with a prolonged I European war. The local cigar trade continues to hn -1 prove, even if slowly, and the leaf deal i.ers find a corresponding amount of busi- I ness, even though the manufacturers' 1 purchases of leaf are only for immedi ate use. Dentist (to assistant). —"I think I heard a patient in the waiting room." Assistant—''Yes, but I can't bring him in. He's turned the key on the inside.''—Meggendo: fer Blatter. Stations, jwlntP of interest. _ niAUuiiß, |iuiuii> vi luincni. In the Center of Everything Re-modf led Re-decorated —Re furnished. European plan. Every convenience. Hot and cold running water In all rooms. We are especially equipped for Conventions. Write for full details. WALTON HOTEL CO. iMb Laku, IMfaat-lhaafar The Most Important Piano Sale Of the Year Is On Every Taken in Exchange And Wareroom Sample Piano Must Go Saturday, the first day of the sale, the selling was very great, but it didn't spoil the variety I gains which we thought would be * the first to go still remain to be IHRI A 'l' sold,while many which we thought HjffilH would be last to go were first to j stock; sonic shop-worn. son,( " discontinued' I Genuine Sayings Averaging From $75 to $l5O With Purchase Terms Practically Your Own—Within Reason Still plenty of Used Uprights, some .just down from the shops and not offered in the sale the tirst day. Take your pick this evening or to-morrow at slls, $125, $l4O, $l5O, $155, $l6O, $165, $l7O, SIBO, $l9O and up to $240 Used Player-Pia $340, $350, $365, $375, S3BO and up And please remember that every "used" instrument carries our money hack guarantee. All are good instruments in good condition, takcn-in-exchange from good Harrisburg homes, ready to go back again into good homes, and lucky are the persons who get them at the low prices marked on them. i Only a Few Square Pian if-You Want One—slo Store Open Until 9 O'clock This Evening 1. H. TROUP MUSIC HOUSE Troup Building 15 South Market Square V GERMAN SOLDIERS LISTENING TO MASS IN POLAND ... . ; FIELD MASS IN PQCAND " m * The above photograph shows a priest saving mass to a company of German soldiers in Poland. The sight o group of soldiers listening to the mass after fighting for many hours is witnessed very frequently. The fighters, though some times very weary and tired, are always anxious for the priests to come. WARFOOTINCFOR THEN.G.P. Proposed Legislative Enactment Calls for a Complete Reorganization of Pennsylvania Militia Announcement is made that with the intention of placing the State troops upon a definite war footing a bill has been prepared and will shortly be presented to the Legislature for | the complete reorganization of the National Guard of Pennsylvania. The measure has been drafted under the direction of Adjutant General Stewart and is said to have the approval of Governor Brumbaugh, who had a number of con ferences with General Stewart on the subject. The measure is expected to pass the Legislature without serious op position. The purpose of the reorganization is to place the militia to conform to, the standard set up for the regular army. It is also said tihat the prospective change has been unldler consideration for somo time, General Stewart having made frequent trips to Washington and been in conference with the War De partment on the subject. The delay of the Governor in announcing the per sonnel of his military staff is said to be due in a measure to the preparation of the bill, the provisions of which are ex pected to a fleet the aides-de-cainip sur rounding the commander-in-chief of the National Guard. You Don t Need a Black Cigar zpHE taste that craves heavy tobacco is storing A up trouble for its owner—and needlessly, too. Beware! If you must have an all Havana smoke, try Moja 10c Cigars and get next to the fact that a smoke to be rich and satisfying doesn't have to be made on heavy Havana. MOJA ALL HAVANA quality will fully satisfy any taste, mild or strong. Made by John C. Herman & Co. ARTISTIC PRINTING AT STAR - INDEPENDENT.