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SULLIVAN <JHBH REPUBLICAN.
W. M. CHENEY. Publisher. VOL. XIV. There were 11.890 persons in penal servitude in Great Britain and Aus tralia in 1870 and only 4345 in 1895. The five principal languages in the order of their importance, are English, Oerman, French, Spanish and Italian. A Berlin Judge recently held that nobody has a right to say anything against the Emperor, bcoause his per son is sacred. Milwaukee contains 21 i square miles of territory—probably the smallest area of any city in the United States of equal size. The publication at this time of the rnmor that Washington played the flute is doubtless due, suggests the New York Becorder, to the mean in sinuations of tho surviving members of the Cornwallis family. The city of South Bend, Oregon, presents a novelty in Amorican poli tics and government, in that no city office thore will have any salary attached to it during 1896, or prac tically none, and also that there are more place hunters than there are places. Tho city is in debt for im provements that have been made, and tho New York Sun states that the Council voted to reduce the salaries of all city officers to SI a year, and devote the proceeds of tho tax levy to paying off the debts. More than enough citizens and taxpayers have declared their willingness to take the offices, and thus help to clear the city of debt. The State law provides that the Treasury shall receive at least §25 a month, but the citizen who takes that office will turn over tho salary to the city. This country has furnished so many remarkable criminals that it is a relief to the Atlanta Constitution to find Europe coming to tho front with a similar exhibit. The latest monster is claimed by Germany. He is named Springstein, a blacksmith residing at Prenzlau. Within the past few months he has poisoned his wife, mother and brother-in-law, the latter's son, a governess, one of his apprentices and a neighbor's daughter. Ho is also accused of drowning his* own father. His other victims were poisoned by the administration of strychnine. The case will rank with tho most celebrated trials in tho criminal annals of Ger many. Springstein's motivo for tho commission of these murders is not known and the general opinion seems to bo that he is simply one of thoso exceptional monsterswho appear from time to timo in the world's history. It is safe to say that he will not be acquitted on tho ground of insanity nor will ho receive any misplaced sympathy. The Germans never make pets of thoir big criminals and they turn them over to the exectioner with out any unnecessary delay. Two of the most conspicuous signs of civilization are newspapers and rail roads, observes the Atlanta Journal. When wo claim to lead tho march of the world wo may go far toward justi iyi*g the assertion by pointing to the faf that we lead all other Nations ccfnbined in these two eloments of power. There are about 50,000 news papers published in the world, and of this number 20,169 are in the United States and Canada. These American newspapers printed last year 3,481,- 610,000 copies, which is far more than the combined circulation of all the newspapers of other Nations. Of the 20,160 newspapers in the United States and Canada over 19,000 are published in this country, and it is probably true that the newspapers ef the United States have a greater total cir culation than all others combined. No country can show newspapers -ijual our great metropolitan dailies either in quantity of news or in circulation. Compare any one of tie great newspapers of London or Paris with any one of the leading newspapers of New York or Chicago and the superiority of the Amerioan journal as a newsgatherer will be evi dent to the dullest reader. One of the first things to be established in any settlement in the Unit3d States is a newspaper, whereas in Europe they nr.e seldom published outside of cities lonsiderable size. No Nation in world has so many newspaper ersfas tho United Statos. Here lajses read, and the proudest dis up any journal can have is to be *as tho people's paper. In the ;r and extent of railroads the States also excels the rest of Id combined. There are in ntry about 180,000 miles of and all tho other railroads in combined fall short of that uany thousand mile<<. A h leads the world in uew6- lilroa.ls is in no danger berties. THE CHIHWAJ IjX Across the hedge a scream I heard, And saw Priscilla run. Pursued by a gigantio bird Out in the winter sun. The gander flapped his wings in air AnJ, hissing, pressed the pace While she with feelings of despair Led tho unhappy chase. I scaled tho hedgerow double quick, Aud as the gaudor camo In range I raised my walking stick And with unerring aim Landed upon his head a whack Which proved the maid's reloaso From harm—for he turned on Ids back And closed his eyes lu peace. "Our Christmns bird is ready quito To dangle on the peg," She murmured, "till with rare delight We eat him wing and leg." She smiled and said, "You'll come around On Christmas Day to dine?" I answered, with a bow profound, "I'll be there snow or shine!" In juicy prido the gander lay Most luscious, brown nnd fat. Upon the dish that Christmas Day, While we about him sat. Across the board upon me fell Her smile, which was tho spring's, Till I win dazed and couldn't tell Tho drumsticks from the wings. Wo ate him till lie was a wreck— A wreck of loveliness— And then unto her fairy beck And call, I must confess, I went for love's most precious sake— (Love set my dreams astir)— Behind the flowered semen to break Tho frail wish bono with her. I won the I etter part, and wished— Sbo seemed my wish to read. While with her eye in mine she ilshod With subtle skill indeed. Just then the Christmas chimes with zes! Tromblod across the dell, She blushed as if thoy did suggost Tho merry wedding bell. My golden wish, made on that day Of revelry and mirth, Has been fulfilled—perpetual May For me begllds the earth. That wish bane, like tho horseshoo old. That brings good luck galore, Now, mended, hangs with ohurm untold Above our cottage door. —E. K. Munkittrlck. ON CHRISTMAS EVE. BY 3. h. HARBOUB. W' DUNNO what in . 19 creation to pet y° ur for Christmas, ' aSOD ingly as if expect ing her to suggest somesuitablegift. But she was busy at that momcut testing the condi tion of a cake in the oven by thrusting a broom straw into it, aud when she had risen to her feet her father said: "i got her a nice silk timbrel' with a silver handle las' Christmas; paid four dollars an' sevonty-nino cents for it; an' I'll be switched if she's had it out o' the case it came in but one solitary time, an' then she knowed it wa'n't goin' to rain. Beats all how savin' your ma is of things. There's tho silk dress pattern I got 'er two years ago this Christmas, not even made up yit. I want to git her some thing this Christmas that she'll have to use au' enjoy. What kin you sug gest, Mandy?" His married daughter, Amanda Jen •ness, now stood at her molding board rolling out pie crust. She was*i dumpy little body with laughing bluo eyes and a good-humored expression of countenance. But now a look of de termination came in hor face and she turned suddenly and faced her father, with her back to the table and the rolling pin held in both hands across hor checked gingham apron. "You want me to tell you what to get for ma's Christmas gift, pa?" "Yes; blamed if I know what to git?" "I can tell you in one word, pa." "You kin? Well, I'll git it if it don't come at too high a figger. Never had better crops in my life than I had this year. My onions an' tobacker 'll bring me in S2OO more'n I expected to git for 'om, an' the rozberry crop was Bomething tremenjus an' I didn't have to sell a quart for less'n twenty cents. Your ma done her full share o' work an' I'm anxious to git her something real hansom for Christmas. What shall it be?" . His daughter looked at him steadily for a moment and then said slowly and distinctly: "Jenny 1" A sullen frown took tho plaoe of the kindly smile on his wrinkled face. His eyes flashed ominously and his voice was harsh and cold as he said : "Haven't I told you, Mandy Jen ness, never to mention that name to me?" "I know that yon have," replied Mandy with gathering courage ; "but. I never said that I wouldn't do it, and when you asked me what I thought jaa'd like best for Christinae, I ju-t LAPORTE, PA., FRIDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1895. iold you what I knew she'd like best. She'd rather have my sister Jenny than anything money can buy." Then she added, undaunted by her father's frowning visage: "I firmly believe, pa, that ma is shortening her days grieving for Jen ny. She just is! I'm going to say my say while I'm at it, whether you like it or not. I know that I owe you re spect, but I owe my own and only sis ter something, too, and one duty is just as important as the other. If I—" "Wait a minnit, Mandy," her father said, rising and buttoning up his overcoat. "When your sister Jenny disgraced the family by up an' running away with that Will Martin an' mar ryin' into that good-for-nothing Marlin family, I said that I'd never own her as my daughter ag'in, an' I never will. I said that she should never cross my threshold ag'in, an' she never shall." "I know that the Martins are a poor, shiftless lot, an' that Will was as trifling as any of 'em. Like enough it was born in 'em to be so. But there never was anything bad about 'em, an' he's dead au' gone now. An' when I think of poor Jenny workin' the way she has to work over there in Hebron to eupport herself an' her two little children, an' you with plenty and to spare, I know it isn't right. I can tell you now, father, lhat 1 goto see Jen ny ev'ry time I goto Hebron, an' if wo weren't so poor ourselves, an' if It Is tho holy Chrlstmas-timo O blessed season, angel-Suost, Ring, Christmas bolls, an I tell again That sheds a glow through all tho year. Thou comest aliko to all on earth, The good old truth for ever new! Hark, how the bells, a silv'ry chime, Bearing sweet gifts of love and rest, There is no heart so dull with pain Iling out thoir welcome far and near! Of precious hope and heartfelt mirth. But will rejoice and sing with you. my husband's invalid mother didn't have to livo with us, I'd bring Jenny an' her children right hero to live." "I'd never darken your door ag'in if you did." "I guess ma would. It's a burning shame, pa, that you won't oven let hor goto Hebron to seo Jenny. It's kill ing ma. To think of her own daugh ter living only fifteen miles away and her mother not seeing her for nearly six years! It's wicked. If I was ma I'd go no matter what you said." "Your ma knows very well that she'd have togo for good if she went at all," replied her father, coldly. Then lio added: "I must be goin', for I've got togo 'round by Job Prouty's an' see if he'll loan me his light wagon togo to He bron with, Wednesday. I broke the tougues o' mine Sunday an' that pesky down to the village ain't goin' to git it fixed for a month, I reckon. You an' Tom'il be over to eat dinner with us Christmas, I s'pose?" "Yes, I s'poso so." They parted with manifest stiffness of manner on both sides. "Set! set! set!" said Mrs. Jenness, as her fatlior walked out of the yard and down the road toward his own home. "The settest man that ever walked the earth! I wouldn't stand it about Jenny if I was mother. She's dyiug to seo Jonny's babies, an' I just b'l'jt\\> that father'd soften if ho saw 'em once. The only grandohildren he's got on earth, and he nor ma never even saw them. If 1 dared I'd fix it so he should seo those two dear little tots once!" It was dark when Jason Hogarth reached his house. There were no lights in the front windows of tho big, equare farm house with an inoredibly long L back of it. He walked urj.._ 1 to the rear, where streams of cheery light shone from tho kitchen windows. A pleasant odor of frying ham greeted him as he entered the kitchen, where a table with a snowy cloth was set for supper, close to tho shining kitchen stove, "It was so chilly in the dining-room, 1 thought we'd eat supper out her"," said his wife, a small, slight, gray haired woman. "I enjoy eatin' in the kitohen of a cold night like this," said hor hus band. "It's gittin' colder fast. Sup per 'about ready?" "Yes; I'll take it right up." They talked little while they ate. Jason was inwardly rebellious ovor what he called his daughter's "impu dence," and Sirs. Hogarth's thoughts could not be given utterance, bcoause they wore of Jenny. "I must go up to the attio an' git out the buff'lo robes," said Mr. Ho garth, pushing his chair away from the table. "I'll start so early in the mornin' I won't have time to git the robes then. I guess I'll put right off for bed soon as I git the robes. I've got to be off by 5 o'clock. Five minutes later ho was in his musty, oobwebbed olchattic, candle in hand. When he had found the robos he said to himself: "Wonder if my big fur muffler ain't up here in some o' them trunks? I'll need it if it's cold as I think it'll bo in tho morning. Mobbo it's iu this trunk." Ho droppod on one lcneo before a small, old, hair-covered trunk, with brass-headod nails that ha 1 lost their luster years ago. Throwing up the trunk lid, ho held tho candle lower. His eyo fell on a big rag doll with a china Load. He picked it up and stared at it a moment. His mind went back to a Christmas long years ago. He was a poor young married man then, and he had worked nearly all day at husking corn for a neighbor, to earn money to buy that doll head, and his wife had sot up un til midnight to make the clumsy body stuffed with sawdust. He remombered how his little Jenny had shrieked with joy when she found the doll in her stocking the next morning. And what is this? A tiny, faded, blue merino baby sncque. His wife had made it bofora Jenny had yet como into the world. It was the very first tiny gar ment she had made, and her husband recalled how she had blushed and tried to hide it under her apron when he had found her at work on it. He re membered that he had taken it from her and kissed her, and then he had kissed the tiny garment itself. The candle in his haud shook strangely as he bent lower ovor the trunk and brought forth a tiny ohina cup with "From Papa/' on it, and a little sampler with "God bless father and inpther" worked in rather uncer tain letters by a little hand. There wis a string of blue glass beads that ho has given her on her fifth birthday and in a heavy black case was a daguerreotype of her with tho beads around her neok. The lit tle pictured face smiled up at him from the frame and there was a mist before his eyes when ho thought of how many, many times those bare lit tle arms had tightened in a warm em brace around his neok, and of how many times those smiling lips had kissed him and said: "I love you boat of anybody in all the world, farver." Everything in tho trunk was a re minder of her in her baby days, of his little Jenny. He sat down on the floor beside the trunk and took the things out one by one, the stern look in his faoe softening and his heart growing wirmer. iio smiled when he ca:nn to a little white sun bonnet and remembered just how Jenny had looked when she oame toddling oat to meet him, wearing it for the first time. It was 9 o'clock when he went back to the kitohen. His wife lookod np from the weekly paper she was read ing and said: "Why, Jason, you ain't been up in the attio all this time? I s'posed you'd come down an' gone to bed long ago." "I'm goin' right away. Set me out some breakfast on the table and fix the coffee so I kin make me a cup 'fore I start." "I shall get up an' get you a good hot breakfast myself, Jason." "You needn't to, Marthy, it'll be so early." "I shall get up just the same. How husky your voice is, Jason. I'm 'fraid you took cold up there iu the attic. What ever were you doing up there all this time?" "Oh, just lookin' over somo old things. I didn't tako any cold. Bet ter goto bed, Marthy, if you're bent on gittin' tip at 4 in tho mornin'." Why, Jason, how'd you happen to come in at the front door?" It was 9 o'clock at night, bitterly cold and stormy, aud Christmas Eve. Jason had just como homo from He bron. His wife had heard him drive into the barnyard and had made haste with her supper that it might be ready aud hot wheu he came in. She had also bathed her eyes hastily in cold tyater that ho might not know that she had been crying. But he would know if ho had any discernment at all, for she had been crying nearly all day. Her heart had been so heavy with thoughts of Jenny. "How'd you liappen to come in at the front door?" she askel. "You mustn't ask questions so near Christmas time," he said in a voice so light and joyous that she looked up quickly. He picked up a lamp and said : "I want togo iuto the parlor a min ute before supper." A moment later he called out cheerily: "Come in here an' see your Christ mas gift, ma. It's suoh a beauty I can't wait until morning." "Better wait until after supper any how. It's all on tho table." "No; como in here first." When she reached the opsn door of the parlor she saw her husband on his kneos between a little boy of about four years and a little girl of two, his arms around their waists. A little wo man with a thin, pale, tear stained face showing boneath her cheap little mourning bonnet, was standing be hind Jason. "And this is Walter Jason, named for me, and this is Marthy Isabelle, named for you," said Jason, joyously. "Come, come ma; stop huggin' an' cry in' over Jenny au' take a look at your gran'-ohildren. What do you say to them for a Christmas gift?" She knelt down and took them in her arms, saying incohoreutly : "Jenny—Jason--oh, dear—l—l— you dear, little things! Gran'ma's babies! You darlings! You darlings ! You're the best gift, the sweetest gift, the dearest gift in all tho world 1 The little poaoe child that came to Beth lehem was not dearer to his mother than you are to me. Kneel right down here by me, Jenny an' Jason, an' let me thank the Christ who was born on Christmas Day for this an' for tho beautiful Christinas there will bo un der this roof to-morrow!"--Detroit Freo l'ress. Term s---$ 1.00 in Advance; 51.25 after Three Months. OUR UK PLATE TRADE AND THE TARIFF. Cscolc),te ~ " iLStfl/c) 'i&kMli iiboi. liWion x '"lade nvror«itni'CouTitrit«.. ion fWfc '"V (««vi«\tlo>Koed m t\»e \jnrte(ilStabeß) (flarirjgthe.lhree fiscal yeors\ tending 'June 3brTß9iyßW%>lß#l ; M# ISO; , JSO'., p|if r ■■ i 500;-j Y T - sob - fiiUiffl «mwaroagite. j^L*^ Pounds. 1 tp i& m- • jfe; mp M2 Pbjmds IPouVldsj 's#sv HVurdo v l)ioseu<L'sel[tjoQ(ioii(tclotWtoitinpjotehandslikVO ||&7 *\&'y " r l ■ ■■>■■■ 1 ■ —LI «>■■ ■*• WHEN LABOR LOSES. STRIKES UNDER PROTECTION HALF AS NUMEROUS AS IN GROVER'S REIGN. Free Trade Threats Doubled the Number of Strikers and the Loss Iu Wujjes Strikers Lose Two Dollars for Every Dollar's Loss Incurred by Employers. The Commissioner of Labor has just complete*? a report upon strikes, the period covtoed being from 1881 to Juno 30, 1894. Summarizing briefly the results oi recent years, 1891-1894, wo have the following results : Number Employes of strikes, nindo idle. IR9I-92, 24 months 3.010 505,735 1893-94, 18 montlis 2,201 747,980 WAGE LOSS OF EMPLOYES. Strikes. Lockouts. Total. 1891 92.. #25,874,330 *3,739,722 $29,314,058 1893-94. 39,170.519 7,110.032 45,293.151 LOSS TO EMPLOYERS. Strikes. Lookouts. Tctal. 1881-92.. $11,322,979 *2,311,986 $13,034,947 1893-91. 18,903,301 1,630,904 20,594,205 During the years 1891 and 1892 tho country was under nn Administration favorable to protection. During the later period to June 30, 1894, wo were afflictod with a free tfade Administra tion for sixteen months and the cer tainty of it during tho other two months. During tho free trado year and a half there were 242,245 more employes mado idle by strikes than in the two full years of protection. During the froo trade year and a half tho loss of wnges to employes was $15,979,093 more than in tho two full years of protection. During tho free trade year and n half the loss to employers of labor was §6959, 318 more than in tho two full years of protection. Bringing the facts down to an aver age monthly basis, wo have tho fol lowing: MONTHLY AVERAGES. Free Free Trotectiou. Trade. Trado 1891-92. 1893-94. Increaso. Employes made Idle.. . 21,072 41,554 20.482 Wage loss of em ployes..sl,22l, 419 $2,510,280 $1,294,837 Loss t o employ ers 568.123 1.144.120 570,003 During the present free trade Ad ministration there were 20,482 more employes idle every month, through strikes or lockouts, than during the protection period. The loss of wages to employes was 81,294,867 a month more under Mr. Cleveland's regime, and the loss to employers was 8576,- 003 a month more. Both employers and employes have common ground, and good reason, to oppose anything that will ever help to restore to power an Administration favorable to free trade. Farmers iu England. A bright American, who has busi ness connections in England and nec essarily resides there more or less, has been carefully noting tho conditions of English agriculture. His investi gations have extended over consider able time past in different parts of that country. He wrote recently, after a business trip on tho Conti nent, as follows: "The countries of Europe, outside of England, do not discuss the tariff to any extent. They are all, and are growing more so, protective as to their own industries and England will soon have to change front or she will kill off the few farmers yet left. In faot, aside from trucking in tho neighbor hood of the cities, there is not enough money in agriculture to pay rent and tithes." English agricultural statistics, show ing the decreasing area planted to staple crops every year, sustain this sentiment. Mop Tlilel I There seems to be no robber tariff at present. What is it that robs the Treasury of its gold aud the 'Govern ment of receipts necessary to sustain Government? How about feeo trade beiug a robber of tho Treasury and a thief of iudustry.—Saratoga(N. Y.)" Pftily Harotogian. NO. 11. PROSPECTS FOR POTATOES. Secretory Morton Says No Foreign Markets, and Farmers Must Feed Spuds to Stock. "The most serious complaint of the potato growth this year is the low price of the product, particularly in tbo Northwest. The report from the department's agent for Wisconsin and Minnesota represents that in the latter State tho tubers 'do not pay for dig ging.' Ho states that tho yield is enormous, 'on an acreage three times as great as in previous years,' that 'hundreds of acres will not be dug,' and that 'much of the acreage will go to feed stock.' " Hero is another startling announce ment on the official authority of tho Secretary of Agriculture in his Sep tember crop report. Can Mr. Morton reconcile tho above with tho Demo cratic promises made to farmers in 1802, that the value of all farm crops would be enhanced if the protection ists were turned out of office and the freo traders installed in their placte? Potatoos "do not, pay for digging," says the free trade Secretary's report-. "Hundreds of acres will not bo dug," even wheu so much labor is idle and wages ore so much cheaper than they were in 1892. "Much of tho ocreago will goto feed stock"—feeding pota toes to stock 03 well as dollar wheat, and corn to bo burned, too. Is there no hope for the farmers? Let us see if tho markets of the world won't savo him. Here are our exports of pota toes for the last five years: EXPORTS OF POTATOES. Year. Bushels. Valuo. 189 341.180 $310,483 189 557.022 301,378 189 845,720 700.032 18U4 803,111 051,877 1893 572,857 418,221 Note liow our exports of potatoes gradually increased during tho Mc- Kinley tariff period and how we cap tured half a million more bushels of the potato markets of the world in 1893 than we did in 1891. Note again tbat, directly the free traders got their fingers on the farmers' potato crop, our exports fell off ond wo shipped abroad 270,000 bushels less in 1895 than in 1893. Perhaps, though, thoro will be o clionce for the farmers to capture the markets of tho world during tho pres ent fiscal year. Mr. Free Trade Sec retary Morton enlightens us upon this point. His September report tells us that "800,030 hundred-weights of po tatoes were shipped to England during the first six months of this year" from Germouy. He also tells us that . "France shipped about tho same quantity." It would seem that Franco and Germany have go"t ahead of us, especially, "as England has nearly an average crop of very high quality, tho market there is glutted and prices aro as low or $lO o ton." This is equiva lent to 2.5 cents a bushel delivered in England. It is not surprising that formers, "particularly in tho North west," when they think of tho freight rate from tho Northwest to London and the cost of bags, commission and insurance, are complaining of low prices. A potato market at 25 cents a bush el in London, loss these expenses and the cost of seed, fertilizer ond labor, does not leave much margin of profit for the American farmer after he has captured tho markets of the world. No paying market in England, France or Germany, and Secretary Morton says"it is unlikely that we 6liall bo able to dispose of any of our surplus in Europe." We thought tho markets of the world wore waiting for our sur plus products. Can it be that tho markets of India, China aud Japan alone are open to us? Must we grow tubers to supplant the rioo crops of the Orient? We cannot but admiro Mr. Freo Trade Secretary Morton's candor in describing these free trade condition?, varying so gently, as they do, from the free-trade promises of 1892. Sec retary Morton soys that "these condi tions are worth noting." Thoy are, Mr. Secretary. The farmers will note them —will noto that "these condi tions" are not theories. Interest Bearing l)cbt. Cleveland, Julv 1, 1895 $716,202,001 Harrison, March 1, 1.893 585,034,209 Cleveland's inoroaso of debt,. $131,167,809