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FARM AND GARDEN.
lrinrln l'tnillr? For Market. Dressed fun In should always look nice and plump aud should be packed in nice cleanlinen. Plumpness ap peals to the appetite and neatness in spires confidence, both being points worth looking after to buildup a first class dressed poultry trade. Virtue of Huttermllk. The growing practice of utilizing the waste products of all mairufao tures ban brought out the fact that buttermilk possessos many unsuspect ed qualities. A medical paper says its reputation as an agent of superior digestibility has beootne firmly estab lished. It is, indeed, 'a true milk pop tone that is, milk already partially digested, the coagulation of the coagulated portion being loose and tlaky and not of that firm, iudigesti lile nature which is the result of the action of the gastrio juice upon, sweet oot,V milk. It is of great value in tue treatment of typhoid fever, and, lieing u decided laxative, it may be turned to advantage in the treatment of habitual constipation. It is no less valuable in kiduey troubles, from its diuretio qualities. It is iu great request for the treatment of diabetes, cither alone or alternately with skim milk, and in cases of gastrio nicer and cauoer of the stomach it can often be retained whon no other food can. Chemical analysis shows that in its nature it greatly resembles koumiss, witt the exception of which it is the most grateful, refreshing and digesti ble of the produots of milk. Eastern Parmer. Tnrnlp a a Catch Crop. Ho many farmer sow turnips as a catch crop in corn and potatoes that they forget there is auy better way. As a rule catch crops do not pay. They always interfere with the late cultivation of hoed crops, which is al ways important and sometimes neces sary if there i is a dry time late in sum- or. JNftw that tuo-jt farmers culti- ate 'hoed crops very shallow late in the summer, merely scratching the nurface to kill weeds while they are mail, there is less objection to late cultivation than used to be the case. In the old days, wheu a plow was used at the last cultivation to pile the aoil up agaiust the hills of eoru or po tatoes, the lesnlt was always injury and often ruin to the crop. In such case, too, there was little chance for turnips to g - as the soil piled up against the hills tni'jed the -vater in to the middle of the rows, or rather the corn leaves themselves did so, as they bend over to the middle of the rows by July and often in June turn ing the lightest blower into the mid dle of tlvs row, where most of the corn roots are. Under the bill the soil is ost alwan dry until the corn is The potato top does not Ion r "-to niuoh, but it, too, throws a Seal of the moisture that falls on V- ; the space between th3 bills. ' Jultivator. t' Sweet Mover For lien. - ' 7. . jelover is one that yield a lonnt of honey. It begius to . ,. 7iu this latitude iu the early : '", July, usually; some seasons u 1 y'.ier, others a littlo later. By . 'whiie aud alsiko clover and d are going out of bloom, , . clover is well out in bloom, and abundant a continuous bloom be bad for securing surplus y of two .nouths or more. Wheu VI , SHIFTING THE TENT FKOM a part of this clover is pastured or mown for hay, such will bloom the vecoud time, and continue iu bloom until after hard frosts. I have seen liees working on this bloom iu Oc tober, writes F. A. Suell in Bee Culture, wheu all other honey-yielding plants were killed with one ex ception, that being giant white-spiral mignonette, whioh is sometimes' thrown in flower gardens. Sweet clover stands drought well, lmt givea better yield of honey and pasture with frequent showers. The honey is light in col.ir, but, to my .'taste, not of as fine a flavor us that i(n whita or alsike clovers or buss woo. In the dry regions of tho WestJs sweet clover ond alfalfa "have proved" valuable plants for bees .aud xtock. The hay is largely fed to ntock. Here cattle pasture on it freely, and the bay has seemed to fiive good satisfaction, as stock soon learn to like it. This plant should be grown iu all -waste places, and thus take the place of the noxious weeds which grow there. Kflaelt of Fend on I'isu'. Anyone who has observed eggs closely has noticed that some egg Jiave what poultrymeu call greuter consistency than others. That is, out of a dozen eggs bought at a store half -will have whites and yolks so thin that they will spread out thin and wide aud he almost flat. This is the etl'oct of the feed given the bent produoiug the egs. liens that are fed ou milk and grass aud allowed to pick up their liviug about the .manure pile produce eggs with thiu yolks and whites, and these eggs nre invariably insipid and tasteless, nud when boiled or poached are not exactly appetiziug. There is a flavor - nbout such eggs that is not altogether loasaut iu any case and often it is jositively repulsive to one who under stands that this flavor comes from I'stiug impure food. I Take lot of beus and feed them juilk aud grain ami their eggs are Ui ni -ftud consistent, aud they nave a navor hat makes them relished by the. most ' "is. The grain furnishes the v.tittient u,l the albumin Iu ccuuectiou wilu the 'r. . : 4 1 Mi vim1 . r 1 milk, and the combination is one that makes' good eggs. Hens fed ex clusively on grain do not produce eggs of the best flavor, but their eggs are infinitely better than those from bees that must depend altogether ou themselves for their living. The quality of eggs depends alto getlier on the feed the bens eat, and where this is understood, consistent eggs are valued'as being worth twice as much ar those lacking consistency. Pomona Herald. Screen For "teble Window. ' The wire soreeus commonly used iu houses to keep out flies are now so cheap that they can be profitably used in stable windows for the same pur pose. But it must be remembered that the stable is itself the most com mon breeding place for flies, iu the excrement from animals iu which the flies deposit their eggs. Unless care is taken to gather tip and remove the droppiugs before there in time for eggs to batch, the window screens will serve rather to shut the flies in thau to keep them out. Stables should never be built near houses, because if they -are nothing can keep bouses from being overrun with flies. Next to the stable as a breeding place for theso pests is the sink bole, where slops of all kiuds are thrown to pass off through drains uuderueath. It is possible that where these eouditions prevail, (lies, thongh annoying, are really beneficial. Flies doubtless de stroy much tilth, and thus lessen the malaria whioh would prevail it they had not been created. But it is fur better to plaoa all decaying sub stances under ground, where the earth will absorb their bad odors, than to leave them ou the surface to breed flies. Fumigating; an orchard. The ouly remedy which is absolute ly effective for all kiuds of scale is that of fumigation. This was first prac ticed in California in the citrus belt to ch6ck the ravages of the cottony cush ion scale and the red scale. Hydro cyanic acid gas proved most effective and is now used almost exclusively. C. V. Woodworth, iu bulletin 122 of the California Experiment Station, describes iu detail the process of fu migating trees in an orchard. Briefly, it consists in coveriug the trees with some sort of tent, generating the gas and allowiug it to remain until the scales have been destroyed. The tent generally used is what is known as a hoop tent and ranges from eight to fourteen feet in diameter. The hoop itself is of three-quarter-inch gas pipe, but half iuchwill do for smaller sizes. The manipulation of the tent varies acoording to its size. If the trees are small, it can be easily thrown over a tree, put iu place aud then taken oil'. If the ttees are of con siderable size some effort will be -required. Iu the-illustratiou the method of chaugiug from one tree to another is shown. . After the fumigation is completed, the hoop is lifted until it is in the position bIiowu at b. Two men, holding the sides of the tent, carry it to the next tree and place itiu the position shown ate. Then, with out pausiug, and while the tent is full of air, the upper end of the hoop is foroed over the tree and down the other side to about d. The hoop can then be easily pulled down to the ground to e. If there is any trouble in pulling over the cloth, the third mau with the pole goes round the tent and lifts the cloth away from the tree, re lieving some of the friction and enab ling it to adjust itelf to the top. Common duck is used for making the tauts, most of them being of eight- ONE TREE TO AXOTHEfl. ounce canvas. After the tent 's made, it is rendered gastight by one of three methods. Tho first is coating it with thoroughly boiled linseed oil, applied with a brush nutil the entire cloth be comes saturated. If properly done, the tent remains strong aud tight and is not too stiff. The second method is the use of sizing aud paint. The sizing is applied in the same manner as oil, and penetrates the fiber iu the same way. As soon as this ooatiug is dried, it is followed by a ooating of flexible paint, usually on both sides of tho tent. The third method is to satu rnte the cloth with decoction of chopped leaves of common prickly pear cactus. This is made by filling a barrel two-thirds full of chopped stems and adding oold water uutil the barrel is nearly full. Allow the stems to soak for twenty-four hours aud then draw off the solution, which is ready for use. lents treated in this way nre liable to mold, but by adding to the solution a little tannin this is pre vented. Soak the tent iu tho solutiou over night aud then raise in the morn iug and Allow to dry. The cloth is scarcely stiffened aud seems to be very satisfactory. Potassium cyanide, iu au earthen vessel, is introduced uuder the end of the tent, sulphurio aoid is added, and the hydrocyanic pas is geu erated. The amount of cyanide will vary with the size of the tree. A tree four feet high, three feet in diameter, will require two ounces of dry cyanide, one-third ounce acid ami half ounce water, if the tree is seven feet high and four ieet ' in diameter, use one ounce of cyanide, one-half ounce aoid and two ounces of water, and 00 on in proportiou. . Foitjjr minutes are re quired for the gas to do its work ef fectively. The fumigation is best done at night. The gas is a deadly poison, and greut care must be used wheu fu migatiug. American Agriculturist. Worgo Than tlio Dumdum. The 1'ritisU Government Tt now manufacturing a new bullet whioh is even more deadly thnu the dumdum The new projectile has a soft metal pouit, whioh oxpauus with the friction of flight. , There are 700i pianos iu Chieo, or ouly one fur every DDI) iuhttbitauts. SPAIN'S PAGE OF GLORY. HANDFUL OF MEN HELD A C.HURCM ACAIN3T A HORDE OF FILIPINOS. lliVr'n llerne Worthy lo Hunk With the CM unit With I vrnrRiiK Held Out Yar .1:17 lJ, Pestling on lint mill Hnake. and Itejectlng All Term of IHurriitider. Hollow-eyed and exhausted, the emnant of the Spanish garrison at Baler has arrived in Manila. They find themselves heroes, for the word of their plucky light has gone out to the. world. They have endured a siege uch as few troops in history have en dured. They have starved, and many of their comrades uccep'.ad honorable death rather than an inglorious sur render. Thirty-one came back, in- luding a Lieutenant who is the iou of tue notir and a surgeon. Twenty-nine are enlisted men, but they rank as heroes. The sufferings they endured were terrible aud the adds agaiust them were great. But for more than a year they held back the insurgent forces, and at last won from them such admiration that the garrison was allowed to march out with all the honors of war. It was this for which they bad fought, as they had long given up the hope of beiug rescued or relieved. 4 Baler is a little town on the east soast of Luzon. There is the least bit of a bay there. The Balor River (lows iuto tho bay. Just before it reaches the tide water it makes a turn around a hill, and this high ground shuts the town out of flight from tho bay aud sea. It was around .1 t , il l Tf' . . mis ueiui mat Jjieuteunni unniore and his boat crew with rapid-fire guns from the Yorktowu were captured by the insurgents. At that tiuio it was made known to tho world that a Span ish garrison bad been left by tho con quered nation and apparently hai been forgotten by its Government. Tho history of the siege is tis fol lows: A garrison of fifly-ono ofllccrs and men was in isaler when tue insur rection broke out against the Spauish. But the soldiers were able to hold their own and live iu the barracks for some time. As the insurgents pro gressed and grew in strength a stroug force was sent before Baler and an at tempt made to capture the Spaniards. The Spaniards were under tho com maud of Captaiu Don Enrique de las Morenas y Fossi, with two Second Lieutenants, Don Juan Alonzo y Zayas and Don Saturniuo Jilartiz Cerezo and Medico Don Rogelis Vigil de Quinones. Ou the Captaiu s order all ammunitiou and supplies were taken into the church, aud ou Juno 27, 1898, the little garrison took efuge in that strong edifice. The stone floors were pulled up aud tho material so obtained was used in barricading the windows and doors. The belfry was fortified and used as a place from which to carry on shaip shooting while the soldier was pro; tected from the insurgent fire by an extemporized stone wall with port holes. The insurgents sunered severely from this method of warfare and attempted on many occasions to dislodge the Spaniards. The first attempt was in August. The siege had been thoroughly laid in the meantime. Trench building wa carried on under cover of dark ness until the iiveurgents had two rows of trenches surrounding the church. From the nearest t;ench a charge was made on the churok. It was at the time the Spaniards were preparing their evening meal and the kettle of Boup was bubbling over the lire in the court. The call to arms brought the little garrison to its post, but not be fore the insurgents were under the wnlls and battering at the doors. They were so close that they were safe from the Spanish guns and wcro shouting iu anticipation of victory as they hammered against the great door, the side door and windows. Captain Fossi made a tour of inspec tion, aud iu doing so passed the kettle of boiling soup. He hurried ou his rounds and snw that his stronghold was fast giviug way undor tho blows of his enemies. "When he again entered the court two soldiers were with hini. They were directed to pick up the kettle of soup and hurry to the balcony leading to the window over the great door. Tho stones that were piled before the window as a barricade were torn down aud the sash was thrown open. The besiegers sup posed that a parloy wax wsuted aud ceased their battering, stepping back to see what was going on. The kettle was poised ou the wiudow sill and then its steaming contents were spilled upou the besiegers. There was a cry of pain as the scalding liquid fell upon the upturned faces and bare shonl iers below. Those thu were uu touched ran awuy, and their less for tunate fellows writhed and staggered toward their trendies. olley after volley folio ivod them as they ran, aud when dn.rkness fell they bad retruated to the farthest trench, defeated in their a;tempt to force tho stronghold of the Spaniards. The suffering was terrible. Pro visions ran low. From the start the garrison was put ou short rations, which were reduced as time went ou uutil the soldiers aud officers were compelled to live on rats and mice, of which there seemed to be plenty iu the chinch, and on au occasional dog which would come within range of the guns and close enough to the walls to be retrieved. This may seem dis gusting, but it was life or death to the besieged. They tell of a day whan a snake made them a meal. Aud as they stood about their officers at the traiu last night their suukeu ohoeks and sallow skins attested to the suffer ing they bad eudured. But all did not endure. Worse thau that all would not endure, aud it must be recorded that four meu de serted when they saw the helplessness of the situation. These are , their names as given in the official report, together with the dates on which they abandoned their fellows:. Fclippe Herrero Lopez, deserted June '27. 181)8; Felix Garcia Torres, deserted .imie 1, 1MJM; Jaime (Jaldouto y Nadul, deertWuIy 3, 1898, aud Jose Alcaide yiayoua,feBerlet' ' 18!)!). ' MioV... doftvA 111 A 1ffa uitiuom came, ana Vera opened to them f1 n lft"'lle release eighteen of tlifvfort3r-uin9 died. They w-r-'" 'piled to bury their de.fl in 1 .from time U time, and the church became vcrj foul. Fevers prevailed, uud the sur geons said that the building must be aired or they would all die. But thi could not be done. A wiudow could not be freed from its barricade ol stones without admitting a shower id bullets. Tho door could not be opened without lettiug in the army. Tucy said that they would die whore they were. The Captain camo down with scknoss in the early part of Oc tober, and on the 22d of that mouth he died and was buried in the chuich. Lieutenant Juan Alouso y Zayn was buried November 18 almost a mouta after his superior officer. Fuel became exhansied, and noth ing was left with which to cook the littlo rice that was left to each man, Tho insurgents themselves solved thu problem. This was along in April, and the besiegers were growing im patient with their stubborn enemy. Great piles of wood were gathered and brought into camp and carefully tied iu bundles. The Lieutenant watched the work progress and after awhile realized that he was to bo smoked out. His force was theu down to thirty-five, while the insurgents scorned to bo swarming behind tho trenches. Yet he determined 011 n movement that would end their careei' iu open tight lather than be burned like rats iu a hole. Th,o day came wheu all was rea ly. The order was given Aud silently the native soldiers shonldsicd their bales of wood, and under t'u3 cover of dark ness advanced ou too church from every direction. Then it wu:i tha. tho great door of tho church swung open and tho Spaniards poured out. They made n charge, living us they ran, Tho insurgent leader was sur prised at tho suddenness of the sully, aud before he could check his troops his array had abandoned the trenches nearest the church and wcro seeking tho protection of the farthest earthworks. The Spauiurds threw themselves down aud kept up as hard a fire as they could. Part of their number were told oil' to bury their dead in the trenches, and thu work of disinterring their comrades began. The church was opened and a sweeter air penetrated beneath the gloomy arches. And thero was fire wood. Iu no place had the Filipinos succeeded in lighting a fire. That night the soldiers worked like demons and brought iu great quantities of wood, so that for all time they bad sufficient. Tho next day the insur gents rallied aud the Spaniards with drew to the church. But they found it habitable unA from that time on tho sickuess decreased. The attacks ou the church were few after that, aud the siege settled down into a wait, the inteutiou being to starve the Spaniards into surreuder iug. But the Spaniards would not starve. At uightthey gathered cabaa leaves in the garden. They cooked their rice aud ate whatever they could find. The story g'oes that the bat which flew about n the dusk were captured. Be that as it may, the'yato what the cook set ' before them, aud' they asked no questions. t Many times they were in communi cation with the iusurgeut commander aud were asked to surreuder. Thu auswer always was: "Weave outnum bered, but we will dio of starvation uud fever or die fighting. Vie will surrender only on honorable terms." So it was that terms were made and acoepted ou Juue 2,, 18!)!), by which they laid down their arms and marched away with the honors of war, having received passports from Aguinaldo as suring them safe conduct through his lines. And they were fed, for they were Admired by their enemies. Slowly they came across the mountain road the roa.l that Lieuteuant Gilmoro traveled as a captive until they camo to San Isidro, where they embarked on the Kio Grande do I'ampauga, ar riving at Caudaba. Then they wero in the American lines, and since theu they have been showu the courtesy clue to such brave soldiers. So ended the 'defence of Baler and so ended the one page of glory iu the chapter of a uation's dishonor. ' Vill i ml Career of it Tree. Men vorsod iu woodcraft in tho vicinity of New Brunswick, N. J., are puzzled about the experiences of a large cedar tree on the property of A. V. Schenck. Until about six mouths ago there was nothing to distinguish the cedar from many others except that it was one of the finest lookiug trees on thu place. Thou a gale of wind gave it a decided leau to the northwest. Shortly after it recovered from this another gale of wind blew it back to a verticil position. Ouoe again a gale of wind blew it ou the slant, and n few weeks ago a gale from tho opposite direction not only restored it to au up right position, but overdid matters to such an extent that the tree has a do- cided slant to the northwest again. Through it all the tree continues vig orous. Audacity ot American Women, The remarks of Emperor William to the two American women who cor nered him ou his yacht aud forced him to listen to long arguments 111 favor of the new woman will doubtless become historic. None but American womeu would have attempted such au act. Their arguments must have beeu tiresome to his imperiul majesty, yet he cannot be half a bad fellow, for we are told that he heard them through with patieuce. The Emperor replied to mora: J. agree with my wite, wuo says xuat, women should not meddle with any thing beyond the four ks kinder. kirche, kuohe and kleider (children, church, cookery and clothing). Pittsburg Dispatch. He Waited Twenty-five Veitr. De Witt C. Cregier, ex-Mayor of Chicago, went to the Windy City ia 1853, and was urged to acoopt the nomination forMayor. "Of a city ot 60,000?' he asked. "Wait twenty five years and ask me then." He was elected just a quarter of a century later. ' A Soldier's Lamp. A German olficer has inventod .1 lamp for use iu war times, which can be carried ia soldier's knapsack without adding much to the weight. It is supplied with aoetyleue gas and destined for use 011 the battlefield to assist the search for wouuded, , SKILL OF A MAN SLEUTH. EXTRAORDINARY FACILITY OF AN INDIAN SCOUT IN TRAILINC. Arklchltit, Alan Known the "Orn welker," Who Perred In Our Yt'ealern Army, Had en I nerrlin I've and In- Hurt One of III Exploit. "Arkichita: A Talo of au Indian Deteotive," is a true story of Indian skill in trailing, that would have de lighted the heart of Fonimoro Cooper. It is told in the St. Nicholas by Lieu tenant W. C. Bennett, Sixth Iutautry. U. S. A. Arkichita, a typical Indian, was chief scout at Fort Sinseton, Dakota, in 1882. Although he knew English well, ho held the old Indian hatred of its use, and would never speak it ex cept under extraordinary circum stances. He stood about five feet nine inches in height, was slender, but wiry, nud was about thirty-four years of age. Ordinarily he was slow and sedate in his actions very dig nified; but when the necessity arose, he could be as quick as a flash, aud bad, liko every Indiau ou the North western plains, a pair of eyes that could oqual any field-glass. His services for be had beeu em ployed as a eeout for some years hal benu very yuluable to the Gov ernment, and, in recognition of this fAct, the officer in command had se cured authority from tho War Depart ment to promote him to the rank of sorgeant; consequently he went around iu a neat uniform with chev rons and stripes, very much impressed with bis own importance, which he considered second only to that of the commauding otllcer; aud he took care that every one elso should respect his rank and dignity. As his nativo name is tho Sionx for "soldier," it is easily seen why ho was so named; but he bad still an other namo, which the Indians had given him before his entering mili tary ircles, and that, translated into English, was tho "grasB-walker," or "trailer," from his absolutely marvel ous ability to find the trail ot any thing that left even the slightest trace on the ground as it passed over it. A desperate soldier named Brice broke jail, one night, and was pursued the following morning. The trail led to the west for a trifle over a mile; then it turned north for a quarter ot a mile, and we followed until we came to a tree At the, edge of a slough to the northwest of the fort, called the "gar den bar slough." Here Arkichita pointed under the tree, And said Brice had lain down there to rest. The trail here led into the slough. A Dakota "slough" is a shallow lake, the water of whioh is from six inches to three feet deep, with a soft, muddy bottom, but not general miry. The center of the slough is usually free from grasses or weeds, but along the edges, frrui twenty to sixty yards out, long tule-grass grows. Th,s particular slough was a milo long, aud varied from an eighth to a quarter of a mile in width, aud there was a foot of water covering as much soft mud. During the night the wind had roiled the water up considerably. It seemed hardly possible to track any thing through it, except where the tulo had been broken down. Where that was the case, even I could follow tho trail; on reaching open water, bow ever, the case was different. ' The eastern end of the slough readied to a point near the fort not more than a hundred aud fifty yards from a brick yard, ou which was a kiln that bad been built during the summer. . The kiln was now ready for tiring. Once I thought Arkichita was baftled, after all; he had come to a dead stand still near the tule. Then au inspira tion struck me; perhaps by a circle I could find tho trail. Happy thought! I put it into immediate execution, and found one. Bather elated at my suc cess, I called: "Come quick; heap trail!" He came over, took one look; just the suggestion of a smile ployed on his face as he said: 'Cow." I did no more trailing, but under stood what was botheriug him. The post herd also lmd waded through here since Brice's escape, aud it took all the scout's eudless patieuce aud wonderful eyesight to keep the trail where the cattle had passed through it. The grass-stem was of uo uae here. Wo bad passed over half tho slough in this circuitous route, wheu sudden ly Arkichita started, straight as the crow flies, for the edge of the slough near the briokiln. Was be following tho trail? On he went uutil he came to the shore nearest the kiln ; here be stopped, evidently bothered again. There was a scarcely discernable footprint ia the mud aud water right at the edgo of the slough, apparently the last step the deserter had taken before reaching hard ground. This footpriut showed the toes, so the deserter was now bare footed. Another thing about this priut was its direction: it stood at right angles to tho line previous fol lowed, Either the mau had taken a sideward spring for the land from his right foot, or ho had turned around and started back over his own trail. Arkichita went down on his knees, aud inspected the grass, blade by blade. I kept a respectful distauco at one side, astonished at the turn tho affair bad taken. Now, inch by inch, ou his knees, he wrenched the secret from the apparently unwilling surface of the earth. Eighty yards.frora the kiln, be looked up aud glanced at it. The same idea evidently instantly oc curred to both ot us. Tho trail was leading to the kiln! Then he rose,ond, bending over, slowly advanoed to the edged of the brickyard. After reaching the yard, Arkichita walked slowly around the outer edge of it, examining the ground with the utmost care, until be came to the point from which be startod, when he said: "Trail come in no go outj mau iu there, poiuting to the kiln. And .circamstauces proved bun to be right, though it was thirty-six hours before the fugitive was located in the kilu, and captured. An l'nncry Act. recent duel the parties dis At charged their pistols without effect, whereupou one of tha seoonds inter posod, and proposed that the com butants should shake hands. To this the other second objected as unueces sary. "Their hands," said he, "lir.ve beeu shaking for half an hour." A DANCEROUS CALLING. ! Anlinsl Trained Are Always Likely tt Loae Ihelr Live. When yon see an animal trainer per forming with ferocious beasts yon maj be quite right if yon imagine tho man as a fearless master ot them ; but if you think for an instant that there is m danger you are wholly wrong. A trainer never confronts the beasts and compels them to do his bidding with out literally taking bis life in his Lands. ' " He is so nsed to the danger that be does not think ot it each time, and ho holds his mastery ot them by a sort ol powor ' that becomes habit, second nature, as it wore, just as he eats hit meals or performs other common em ployments.' Or, to make the case more plain, ho forgets the dangers that surround him, just as men in auj other dangerous calling do a painter, for instance, who stands upon n nar row platform hundreds of feot from tho ground. Nevertheless, the dan ger is ever present, and all tho more terrible because of tho uncertainty of it. A trainer must inspire constant fear in the brutes. What a power for harm there is the elephant, for instance! Ono swing of that powerful trunk, and he could crush the life out of tho man; but he is possessed of an ungov ernable fear. Some animal trainers live to a good ago and never have an accidjut. They are absolutely fearless iu their work, and yet they may be no bravor thau you or I wheu other Animals are in question. Ihoro was ono trainer who. gave a wonderful performance with a number animals in tho one cage. He would take nil manner of liberties with the ferocious brutes, compelling them to do his bidding; making them form pyramids and lying down on them. V hen you consider how n oat or dog will sometimes turn upon you if not bandied just so you must realize what a tremendous power thu trainer must exert over such huge, savago beasts. Iherowere always a dozen other keepers about wheu this performance was being enncted, aud they were armed with pistols, hot irons and raw hide whips. One of the lions turned upou this trainer oucc, aud his arm was badly lacerated before ho could be rescued. Of all animals, keepers say the tiger is the worst and the most treacherous. It is necessary to keep tho oye fixed pretty constantly upon it, or it may revolt at any momeut. CURIOUS FACTS. Chicago pses every year 11,000,000 pounds of soap. Fried wasp soup is considered a great luxury iu China. Herod is the name of a judge who sits iu police courts in Chanute, Kan. Among the exports of Mexico last year are to bo noted two tons of dried flies. Tho doll is probably the most an tique of toys. It has been found in- sido the graves of children of ancient Home. Peru possesses such a 'diversity ot elevations aud climatic peculiarities as to be able to produce almost auy prod uct known to mau. In the fourteenth century armor be came so heavy that in auy soldiers only thirty years old were deformed or per manently disabled by its weight. In Switzerland a milkmaid gets bet ter wages if, gifted with a good voice, bocause it lins beeu discovered that a cow will yield one-fifth more milk if soothed during milking by melody. Hildesheim's famous thousand-year- old rosebush, which it had been feared in the last two years was flying, has sent out new shoots And runners from a thick root stock this year, and seems now to be safe to lust for a good many years to come. The first stage coach in England started in 1G50. Its paoe was about threo miles per hour. The first stage coach in Amerioa started from No. tiO Aun (North) street, Boston, for Ports month, N. II., aud occupied eighteen hours upon th journey. The speed of au otter under water is amazing. lieu havo no chance against them. In some plaoes in In dia otters are kept by the natives to fish for them. They are tied up to stakes like dogs, when not working, wear plaited straw collars and seem happy. Near the town of Capljina, in Bos nia, archtvologists have exhumed a new Pompeii in the form of a Koiliau camp. All the walls are well preserved, and some of the rooms are decorated with fine paintings, while weapons, lamps, and various other objects have beeu found in them. Smart Woodpecker in Mulne. Processor Eastman J. Clarke, with a party ot students from Counectient, a few days ago returned from a long trip after natural history specimens in the Maine woods. While ou the headwaters of the Allagash, ha says, he found a family of downy wood peckers which seemed to be endowed with more intelligence than falls to the lot of the average bird. Wood peckers feed upon worms that burrow iuto trees. As an active borer makes a gallery three or four feet long in, a single season, the woodpocker is often obliged to make many punctures in order to get at its prey. The family of birds whioh come uuder Professor Clarke's eye has adopted a labor-saving devioe whioh has proved of great service. The rankest plant that grows iu the Maine woods is tho Indian poke, the berries of whioh are charged with an alkaline juioe that ia very offensive to all animal life. Aooording to Professor Clarke, the Allagash woodpeckers, haviug opened up a gallery made by a borer, drops pokeberries in the office. The berries give out such an odor that the grubs are foroed to oome outsido for fresh air, and the woodpecker does the rest. New York Bun. A Novel Bight In Ecuador. The most novel aud amusing spec taole in Guayaquil, Ecuador, is don keys wearing pantalets. This is not due to motives of modesty, for most of the children go naked and many of the peon womeu nearly so. The pan talets, made of cotton cloth and bus peuded by strips of tape over the shoulderi and haunches, are ahumaue invention to protect the animals from the vicious niei wuivu attack them. WEAL emrnraa "in T.,. . r ' 1 ..1 French the Single Tower f p0l.tjj Parisians had heard of tlnf- ,! "' Gould and his high-piled m,f ' 1 . , ""tun fa' money, but for tho past twoy up t have been receiving a speoi'i !" lesson titt the powor of weald1 '1"T'i,' world hands, iu the effort Uia'Lt daughter, tho Countess de (fa'.utac to reprodnco in Paris tho paJJ Grand Trianon, as built by tl ,Lu Kings at Versailles more tuatf fr ii tnries ago. Three-quarter (f of land was bought at tho in'Jrv t'vTn of the Avenue tin Bois de p" !: and the Avenue Malakoff, ma!,";,i 1 pense of close to a million o 5,;"1,l''j1',' this boing the most costly tA. site in Paris. Publio inteJ";;; been made keen by the aunoj-fm tin that while theoxterior would ij 'J',",, to the fourteenth century, p. 1 . terior was to be a blending J","; fourteenth And fifteenth pe-o t- r-.--the Gould millions and the j.A'.'r of the French architects coj's pass this nnique desire. Th-inflrtt of two historicperiods in Frcrr M' tectnral history was so tfX an undertaking that from it.'- Tcu niug the progress of this hf," n" been followed with such atro"i"o.i torest as has been given to feriin.i private building projects. Iiftme" family was occupying the cen J -tion, but the interior decot;' r". the t wo wings probably ca the in completed iu less than two Vi'if.l'L2' When it became known snch,i , was to be attempted niatmtToj French said it would tab Q''" 4 years to build and furnish 'u treasures; but Western enter g.'xn local ingenuity promise its cut Dooi in a fifth of the time. The t,D lt will then have cost thirty iu'i Stilts francs, or six millions of dollulln r: the Count and Countess arc c l'in of rare art works nnd brio-s-L: iu a single year, it is said, tt(j'ril pondod 11 million of dollars rex. ohasos for their new resideiioflrlpll the matter of ceilings was lmlyn iauged for the Castellanes ;..r Italy aud sought the splemliiipouifh of Verona. They did not v,1-hul palace, but coveted the olevi link, ings it contained from the lot cl"1 Tiepolo, and these could he K(v only by the pnrchaso of the (i!rnnte ture. Edward Page Gaston, uif Woman's Home Companion, j ine WORDS OF WISDOV!.'"iK They also serve who only sli wait. Milton. " C The man who pardons ensihi ,t injury. Corueille. Otll The best teacher one can necessity. Shakespeare. Good manners, and good mr' rr sworn friends aud fast allies.-- . To be good and disagreeable ofl treason against tho royalty of 7. Hannah More. f5 ' Xli la uut tun M1UI 1U1U?, ;e that luali!, erson that 10 e. Cicero. r Trt fin tiiifipl'' person, but the perso the place honorable The opportunity to do luisc! found a hundred times a V that of doing good but once a;! Voltaire. . The oonditions of conquest 11 ways easy. We havo but to while, endure a while, bolieve and never turn back. Simnis. rr So remarkaWy-f ernefHi?"fa"(:lritoii turo of man that ho despise i free that court him, and admires 'iona will not bend before him. 'Lflcan des. Ued Mental pleasures never cloyk0 1 those of the body, , they are iii h"a by repetition, approved aud strengthened by Colton. by refli beer enjoyt." sun. Much ostentation aud murli rets a a! ing are seldom met together1" 1 i- -.'W i! huh, using aim oeciiuiug, miw. 1 i t - 1 t . 1 snauows; ai miaaay, wuen ue i f est, net at all. Buhop Hall. Whet Soda Water In. Soda water, so called beioti1' v made with soda, is a mineral Jj l made of carbonic acid and wult no flavored with various kinds of ir Its common name has now uojou ing, because the soda water tjv present day has no soda in i(- 0f'(. bonio aoid will mix with water jet(, common heat and pressure of ii. ...a. m 11.- 1. --1 1 1 1 1 J8 I11 dui 11 me neat ue lesseueu ar pressure iuorensed, much uiorr j cau bo forced into tlfe- wuttJwn making soda water tho caibou wtl is obtained by pouring weak siilf jnt acid over marble dust, which t')y a the gas. This id then fufWrt means of a powerful pump -water contained iu a very stri:' tight vessel. The water tlw pregnated with gas is drawn 0' , fountains or is bottled. TLJ nothing iujnrious about the liq copt that its coldness may 1 ' digestion aud thus injure the si . Tin. Vital Need ot C'iml. The industries by which are supplied and the commuuir.jf laud or Bea, by which theso w" " nre reached, have, since lSlj.f", to depend more and more upuu The twentieth century will " marked increase in the priae "t 1 coa'. of the United Kingdom. 0! - ; peau Powers Iiiusia has by '! greatest reserve of coal. Iudi J , tiia, and South Africa will ( t , the aid of the British Empire;; ( Uuited States must become the f of the world's coal supply, to y 1 the far future, perhaps suppla1 , China aud Japan. How these et- : will affect the relative sea-po'' nations it would be rash to atte prediot. Nineteenth Century i Queer Companion. f The Kenuebeo (Me.) JonruiJ ot a man who has a fox and 0 ' that are boou companions, both animals were in the pi'l they were placed together, au: now enjoyed a year of eaoh oil" nmfv in nAftnA mill liftrmnnT. - j 1 r sleeD too-other aud nlav witl other much after the inaunei' frolicsome pups. Killed the Flock For an Ktti4 k ...If. n A a a. Wullll' Mo., while feeding. chickens rec. dropped an earring, which was ly gobbled up by one of tuej. She oould not pick out the paf'j chicken, so killed them on by J twenty-seven in all but failed the earring. Then she began t around and found it in the whore the old ben bad dropped; an .object-lesson In