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1 FARM AND GARDEN. wrr wtt or wtowr - I'mparlnc Von I try Tnr Market. Dressed fowls should Always look tiiee aud plump and should be packed ia nice cleanlinen. Plumpness iip jioaIs to the appetite and neatness in pirea confidence, both being points rortu looking after to buildup a first class dressed poultry trade. Ylrlne or Buttermilk. The growiug practice of utilizing the want products of all wairufao lures bss brought out the fact that buttermilk possesses many unsuspeot d qualities. A medical paper says its reputation as au agent of superior digestibility has become firmly estab lished. It is, indeeda true milk pep lone that is, milk already partially digested, the ooagnlatioj of the nagulated portion being loose and flaky and not of that firm, indigesti Me a are which is the result of the action of the gastric juice upon sweet mows' milk. It is of great value in the treatment of typhoid fever, and, being decided laxative, it may be turned to advantage in the treatment of habitual constipation. It is no less valuable in kidney troubles, from its diuretio qualities. It is in great request for the treatment of diabetes, utuer alone or alternately with skim milk, and iu rases of gastric nicer and cancer of the stomach it can often be retained when no olhor food can. Chemical analysis shows that in its nature it greatly resembles koumiss. wut tue exoeption of whioh it is the most grateful, refreshing and digesti ble of the products of milk. Eastern -Farmer, Turnips as Catch Crop. So many farmer sow turnips as a catch crop in corn and potatoes that they forget tbere is any hotter way. As a rule catch crops do not pay. They always interfere with the late cultivation of hoed crops, which is ai ways important and sometimes neces sary if there ja a dry time late in sura tflir. NAw that moit farmers culti--vate-'lioed crops very shallow late in the summer, merely scratching the nurface to kill weeds while they are email, there is less objection to late cultivation than used to be the case. In the old days, wheu a plow was used at the last cultivation to pile tlie soil up against the hills of com or po tatoes, the lesult was always injury nd often ruin to the crop. In such case, too, there was little chance for turnips to g -- as the sr.il piled up against the hills turned ttie ater in to the middle of the rows, or rather the corn leaves themselves did so, as they bend over to the middle of the tows by July and often iu June turn ing the lightest i ower into the mid dle of tk"j row, where most of the corn roots are. Under the hill the soil is ost always dry until the corn is The potato top does not lop to muoh. bnt it, too, throws a Ueal of the moisture that falls on '. the space between th hills. Cultivator. . SMt Mover Tor Keen. Jclover is one that yields a - onnt of honey. It begins to (in this latitude iu the early jluly, usnally; some seasons a lier, others a littlo later. By ,'-, white and alsiko clover anil -;d are going out of bloom, v ..clover is well out in bloom, ami o abundant a continuous bloom be had for securing surplus jr of two .aonths or more. Wheu SHIFTING THE TENT FllOM a part of this clover is pastured or mown for hay, such will bloom the vecoud time, and continue iu bloom until after bard frosts. I have seen lieea working on this bloom iu Oo tober, writes F. A. Suell in Bee Cnlture, when all other honey-yielding plants were killed witb one ex ception, that being giant white-spiral mignonette, which is sometimes' groifn in flower gardens. Sweet clover stands drought well, but gives a better yield of honey ami pasture with frequent showers. The houey ia light in col.r. but, to my taste, not of as tiue a flavor as that from white or alsiko clovers or bass wooL Ia the dry regions of tho West)-sweet clover and alfalfa 'have jroved valuable plauts for bees and tttock. The hay is largely fed to stock. Here cattle pasture ou it freely, and the bay has seemed to give good satisfaction, as stock soou learn to like it. ' This plant should be grown iu all -waste places, uud tbus take the place of the noxious weeds which grow there. KReett or Fend on l'.ait". Anyone who ha? observed eggs closely has noticed that boiuu eggs iiave what poultrymeu call greater consistency than others. That is, out of a dozen eggs bought at a store half -will have whites aud yolks so thin that they will spread out tbin aud vide and he almost fiat. This is the effect of the feed given 'the bens producing the egjs. Heus that are fed on milk and grass aud allowed to piok up tbeir living about the. manure pilo produce eggs with thin yolks and whites, and these eggs nre invariably insipid and tasteless, aud when boiled or poached are not exactly appetizing. There is a flavor Htiotit such eggs ttiat is not altogether 'leasaut iu any case and ofteu it is ositively repulsive to one who under (tund:i tbat this flavor comes from i-atiug impure food. ) Take a lot of heus and feed them im.ilk aud grain and their eggs are firm : find oousistont, aud they have a flavor hat makes them relished by the. most !'). ,The graiu furnishes the miMititents and the albumin i, 1u ccoutetiuu with the milk, and the combination is one thtt makes' good eggs. Kens fed ex clusively ou grain do not produce eggs of the best flavor, but their eggs are infinitely bettor than those from bens that must depond altogether ou themselves for their living. The quality of eggs depends alto getlier on the feed the liens eat, and here this is understood, consistent eggs are valuedas being worth twice as much at those lacking consistency. Pomona Herald. creni For UIle Window. ' The wire screens commonly used iu houses to keep out flies are now so cheap that they can bo profitably used in stable windows for the same pur pose. But it must be remembered tbat the stable is itself the most com mon breeding place for flies, in the excrement from auimals iu which the flies deposit their eggs. Unless care is taken to gather up and remove the druppiiigs before there is time for eggs to hatch, the window screens will serve rather to shut the flies in than to keep tbeinont. Stables should never be built near houses, because it they are nothing can keep houses from being oveiruu with flies. Next to the stable as a breeding place for these pests is the siuk hole, where slops of all kinds are thrown to pass off throngh drains nuderueath. It is possible that where these conditions prevail, flies, though annoying, are really beneficial. Flies doubtless de stroy much filth, nnd thus lessen the malaria which would prevail it they had not been created. But it is far better to place all decaying sub stances under ground, where the earth will absorb their bad odors, than to leave them on the surface to breed flies. Fumlgatlne an '.rchard. The ouly remedy whioh is absolute ly effective for all kinds of scale is tbat of fumigation. This was first prac ticed in California in the citrus belt to check the ravages of the cottony cush ion scule and the red scale. Hydro cyanic acid gas proved most effeutive and is now used almost exclusively. C. V. Woodworth. in bulletin 122 of the California Experiment Station, describes in detail the process of fu migating trees in an orchard. Briefly, it consists in coveriug the trees with some sort of tent, generating the gas and allowiug it to remain until the scales have been destroyed. The tent generally used is what is known as a hoop tent and ranges from eight to fourteeu feet iu diameter. The hoop itself ia of three-quarter-inch gas pipe, but half inch will do for smuller sixes. The manipulation of the tent varies according to its size. If the trees are small, it can be easily thrown over a tree, put iu place and then taken off. If the ttees are of con siderable size some effort will be-required. In tbe-illustratiou the method of cbaugiug from one tree to another is shown. After the fumigation is completed, the hoop is lifted until it is in the position shown at b. Two men, holding the aides of the tent, carry it to the next tree and place itiu the position shown ate. Then, with out pausing, and while the tent is full of air, tbo upper end of the hoop is forced over the tree and down the other side to about d. The hoop can then bo easily pulled down to the ground to e. If there is any trouble iu pulling over the cloth, the third man with the pole goes round the tent and lifts the cloth away from the tree, re lieving some of the friction and enab ling it to adjust it.elf to the top. Common duck is used for making the teuts, most of them beiug of eight- ONE TIIEE TO ASOTHEIt. ounce cnuvas. After the tent is made, it is rendered gas tight by one of three methods. The first is ooating it with thoroughly boiled linseed oil, applied with a brusU uutil the entire cloth be comes saturated. If properly done, the tout remains strong aud tight and is not too stiff. The second method is the use of sizing and paint. Tho sizing ia applied in the same manner as oil, and penetrates the fiber in the same way. As soou as this coating is dried, it is followed by a ooating of flexible paint, usually on both sides of the tent. The third method is to satu rate the cloth with a decoction of chopped leaves of common prickly pear caotus. This is made by filling a barrel two-thirds full of chopped stems and adding oold water until the barrel is nearly full. Allow the stems to soak for twenty-four hours aud then draw off the solution, which ia ready for use. Tents treated in this way nre liable to mold, but by adding to the solution a little tannin this is pre vented. Soak the tent iu the solution over uight aud theu raise in the morn iug and allow to dry. The cloth is scarcely stiffeued aud seems to be very satisfactory. Potassium cyauide, iu au earthen vessel, is introduced uuder the end of the tent, sulphuric acid is added, and the hydrooyauio gas is gen erated. The amount of cyanide will vary with the size of the tree. A tree four feet high, three feet in diameter, will require two ounces of dry cyauide, one-third ounce acid and half ounce water. If the tree is seven feet high and four tent in flismeter, use one ounce of cyauide, one-half ounce aoid aud two ounces of water, aud so ou iu proportion. .. Fof,ty wiuutes are re quired for the gas tv do its work ef fectively. The fumigation is best done at night. The gas is a deadly poison, and greut care must be used when fu migating. American Agriculturist. Wort Thau the L murium, Tho British Government ii now manufacturing a uew bullet which is even more deudly thaa the dumdum. The new projectile has a soft metal point, which expands with the frictiou Of flight. . Tbsre are 7001 pianos in Chicago, or ouly oue hv every llOi) iuhnbiUuta. SPAIN'S PAGE OF GLORY. HsNDFUL OF MEN HELD A QHURCH ACAINST A HORDE OF FILIPINOS. lia'or's tlrrnan Worthy to I'.niik Wllh the CM nml Willi I.ymirsua Helil Out For .1:17 Hij i, FemlliiB on llnl and Rnnken, and lli)actlng All Trrnmor Nurrmulftr. Hollow-eyed and exhausted, the remnant of the Spanish garrison nl Baler has arrived in Manila. They find themselves heroes, for tho word of their plucky fight ha gouo nut to the. world. I hey have endured a siege such as few troops iu history have en dured. They have starved, and many of thoir comrades accepted honorable death rather than an inglorious sur render. Thirty-one came back, in cluding a Lienteuaat who is the lion of the hour and a surgeon Twenty-niuo are eulisted men, but they runk as boroes. The sufferings they endured were terrible aud the odds against them were great. But for more than a year they held back tho insurgent forces, and at last won from thorn such admiration tbat the garri'ion w.is allowed to march out with all the honors of war. It was this for which they had fought, as they had long given up the hope of beiug rescued or relieved. V Baler is a little town on the east soast of Luzon. There is the least bit of a bay there. The Baler Biver Hows into tho bay. Just before it reaches the tide water it makes a turn around a hill, and this high ground shuts the town out of sight frjm tho bay and sea. It was around this bend that Lieutenant Oil more and his boat crew with rapid-fire guns from tho Yorktown were captured by the insurgents. At that timo it was made known to tho world that a Span ish garrison bad been left by tho con quered natiou nnd apparently ha ueeu iui gunt'u vj its uovernmeni. Tho history of tho sioge is as fol lows: A garrison of fifty-ono officers and men was in Baler when the insur rection broke out against the Spanish. But the soldiers -wero able to hold their own and live in the barracks for some time. As the insurgents pro gressed and grew in strength a strong force was sent before Baler and an at tempt made to capture the Spaniards. The Spaniards wero under tho com mand of Captain Don Enrique de las Morenas y i'ossi, with two Second Lieutenants, Don Juan Alonzo y Zayas and Don Saturniuo Martiz Cerezo and Medico Don Bogelis Vigil do Uumones. Ou the Captain s order all ammunition aud supplies were takeu into the church, aud ou Juno 27, 1898, tho little garrison took refuge in that strong edifice. The stone floors were pulled up and tho material so obtaiued was used in barricading the windows and doors. Thn belfry was fortified and used as a place from which to carry on sharp shooting while the soldier was pro tected from thn insurgent fire by an extemporized stone wall with port boles. The iusurgents suffered severely from this method of warfare and attempted on many occasions to dislodge the Spaniards. The first attempt was in August. The siege had been thoroughly laid in tue meantime. Trench building was carried on tinder cover of dark ness until tho insurgents had two rows of trenches surrounding the church. From the nearest trench a charge was made on the church. It was at the time the Spaniards were preparing their evening meal and the kettle of Boup was bubbling over the lire in the court. The call to arms brought the little garrison to its post, but not bo- fore the insurgents were under the alls aud battering at the doors. They were so close that they were safe from the Spanish guns and wero shouting in anticipation of victory as they hammered against tho great door,- the side door aud windows. Captain Fossi made a tour of inspec tion, aud iu doing so passed the kettle of boiling soup. He hurried ou his rounds and saw that bis stronghold was fast givlug way uuder tho blows of lfis enemies. When he again entered the court two soldiers were with him. They were directed to piok up the kettle of soup and hurry to the balcony leading to the window over the great door. Tho stones that were piled before the window as a barricade were torn down aud the sash was thrown open. The besiegers sup posed that a parloy was wauted aud ceased their battering, stepping back to see what was going on. The kettle was poised ou the window sill aud then its steaming contents were spilled upon tho besiegers, ruere was a cry of pain as the scalding liquid fell upon the upturned faces aud bare shoul ders below. Those tint wero un touched ran away, and their less for tunate fellows writhed and staggered toward their trenches. Volley after volley followed theui as they rau, aud when darkness fell they had retreated to the farthest trench, defeated in their attempt to force the stronghold of the Spaniards. The suffering was terrible. Pro visions ran low. From the start the garrisou was put ou short ratious, which were reduced as time went ou until the soldiers aud officers wero compelled to live on rats and mice, of which there seemed to be plenty iu the church, aud on au occasional dog which would come within range of the guns and olose enough to the walls to be retrieveu. This may seem dis gusting, but it was life or death to the besieged. They tell of a day whan a snake made them a meal. Aud as they stood about their officers at the traiu last night their sunken ohoeks and sallow skins attested to the suffer ing they bad endured. But all did not endure. Worse thau that all would not endure, aud it must be reoorded that four meu de serted wheu they saw the helplessness of the situation. These are , tbeir names as given in the official report. together with the dates ou whioh they abandoned their fellows:. Felippo tierrero xopez, deserted June 27. 181)8; Felix Garcia Torres, deserted .nine isjn; junue uameuto y Nadal, deseftU.July a, 1898, aud Jose Alcaide avoua',fe!,erta My 7, 1899. ..J J ' ( ftierkuess came, and Kfore the door Vera opened to thnm n honorable uoss came, and Kelora lue uoort peued to thorn n l"rable t eighteen of tl:rorly'ninw kd Thsy wm' Spiled to bury lead m iim release died tueir dea time, and the churoh became very foul. Fevers prevailed, und the sur geons said tbat tho building must be aired or they would all die. But thi could not be doue. A wiudow could not be freed from its barricade ol ; stones without adiu-'ttiug a shower ol bullets. Tho door could not be opened without letting iu tho army. . They said that they would die where they were. The Captain came down with sicknoss in the early part of Uc- j tober, and on the 22d of thnt mouth i be died aud was buried in the chinch, i Lieutenant Jnau Alouso y Zayas was buried November 18 almost a mouta 1 after his superior officer. Fuel became exhausted, and noth- , ing was left with which to cook the i littlo rioe that was loft to CRch man. I Thn insurgents themselves solved tho problem. This was along iu April, and tno besiegers were growing nu- patient with their stubborn enemy. Great piles of wao.l wero gathered i nnd brought into camp and carefully tied iu bundles. The Lieutenant watched the work progress and after awhile realized that he was to be smoked out. His force was then down to thirty-live, while the insurgents scorned to ho swarming behind tho tronchos. Yet be determined on n movement thnt would end their career iu open fight rather than be burned like rats iu a hole. Th,o day cirao when all was rea l.v. The order was given and silently the native soldiers shouldered their l)os of wood, aud uuder tb 3 cover of dark ness advanced ou tiio church from every direction. Theu it wu-i thn1-. tho groat door of tho church swung opoti and tho Spaniards poured out. They made n charge, firing us they rau. The Insurgent leader was sur prised at tho suddenness of the snllv, and before be could check his troops bis army had abandoned the trenches nearest the church aud were seeking tho protection of the farthest earthworks. The Spauiurds threw thouiBelves down aud kept up as hard a fire as they could. Part of their number were told olV to bury their dood in the trenches, and tho work of disinterring their comrades began. The church was opened and a sweeter air penetrated boucath the gloomy arches. And tbero was fire wood. Iu no place had the Filipinos succeeded in lighting a fire. Thnt night the soldiers worked like demons and brought iu great quantities of wood, so that for all timo they bnd sufficient. Tbo next day the insur gents rallied and the Spaniards with drew to the church. But they found it habitable and from that time on tho sickuess decreased. The attacks ou the church were few- after that, aud the siege settled down into a wait, the intention being to starve the Spaniards into surrender ing. But the Spaniards would not starve. At uightthey gathered cabaza leaves in the garden. They cooked their rice aud ate whatever they could find. The story goes that the bats whioh flow about ju the dusk were captured. Be that as it may, they ate what the cook set before them, aud they asked no questions. Many times they were in communi cation with the iusurgont commander aud were asked to surrender. Tho auswer always was: "We nre outnum bered, but we will die of starvation uud . fever or die fighting. We will surrender only ou honorable terms." So it was that terms were made and accepted on June 2, , 1899, by whioh they laid down their arms and marched away with the honors of war, haviug received passports from Aguiualdo as suring them safe conduct through bis Hues. And they were fed, for they were admired by their euemies. Slowly they came across the mountain road the road that Lieuteuant Gilmore traveled as a captive until fhey eauio to ban Isidro, where they embarked on the Bio Grande do Painpanga, ar riving at Caudaba. Then they wero in the American lines, and since theu they have been shown the courtesy due to such brave soldiers. So ended the defence of Baler nnd so ended the one page of glory iu the chapter of a nation's dishonor. ' Variod Career of a Trr. Meu versod iu woodcraft in J., tho nre vicinity of New Brunswick, N puzzled about the experiences of a large cedar tree on the property of A. V. Soheuck. Until about six mouths ngo there was nothing to distinguish the cedar from mauy others except that it was one of the finest lookiug trees on tho place. Thou a gale of wind gave it a decided lean to the northwest. Shortly after it recovered from this another gale of wind blew it back to a verticil position. Ouoo again a gale of wind blew it ou the slant, and f. few weeks ago a gale from the opposite direction not only restored it to au up right position, but. overdid matters to such an extent that the treo has a de cided slant to tho northwest again. Through it all the tree continues vig orous. Audacity ot Ainarlrau Woinxn, The remarks of Emperor William to the two American women who cor nered him on bis yaoht and forced him to listen to long argumeuts in favor of the new woman will doubtless become historic. None but American women would have attempted such au act. Their arguments must have beeu tiresome to bis imperial majesty, yet he cannot be half a bud fellow, for we are told that he )ieard them through with patience. The Emperor replied to thorn: "I agree with my wife, who says that women should not meddle with any thing beyoud the four k's kinder, Lkirche, kuobe and kleider (children, church, cookery and clothing). " Pittsburg Dispatch. Ha Walled Twenty-fly Year. De Witt C. Cregier, ex-Mayor ot Chicago, went to the Windy City iu 1853, aud was urged to acoopt the nomination forMayor. "Of a city ol 00,0007' he asked. "Wait tweuty flve years and ask me then." He was elected just a quarter of a century later. ' A Soldiar'i Lauip. A German officer has invented a lamp for use ia war times, which can be carried ia a soldier's knapsack without adding much to the weight. It it supplied with aoetylene gas and deBtintd for use on the battlefield to assist the search for wouuded. v SKILL OF A MAN SLEUTH. EXTRAORDINARY FACILITY OF AN INDIAN SCOUT IN TRAIUNC. Arklchlls, Alun Known a thn "Ornnn walkar," Who Mrrrod In Our lot-n Army, Had an irnxrrlna- t".v and In- II not-One or Ilia Kxololtt. "Arkichita: A Talo of an Indian Deteotive," is a true story of ludian skill in trailing, thnt would have de lighted the heart of Fonimoro Cooper. It is told in the St. Nicholas by Lieu tenant W. C. Beunott, Sixth lufautry. U. S. A. 1 Arkichita, a typical Indian, was chief scout at Fort Sisseton, Dakota, in 1882. Although he knew English well, ho held the old Indian hatred of its use, and would never speak it ex cept under extraordinary circum stances. He stood about five feet nine inches in height, was slender, but wiry, aud was about thirty-four years of age. Ordinarily he was slow and sedate in bis actions very dig nified; but when the necessity arose, ho could be as quiok as a flash, and had, liko every Indian ou the North western plains, a pair of eyes that could equal any field-glass. His services for he had beeu em ployed as a scout for some years bad been very yalnaWe to the Gov crnmeut, and, in recognition of thif fact, the officer in command had se cured authority from the Wnr Depart mcnt to promote him to the rank of sergeant; consequently he went around iu a neat uniform with chev rons and stripes, very much impressed witu ins own importance, which he considered second only to that of the comniauding ollicer; aud he took care that every one else Bbould respect his rank and diguity. As his nativo name is the Sionx for "ooldier," it is easily seen why ho was so named; but bo bad still an other name, which tho Indians bad given him beforo his entering mili tary ircles, and that, translated into English, was tho "grass-walker," or "trailer," from his absolutely marvel ous ability to find, the trail of any- j thing that left even the slightest trace I on the ground as it passed over it. A desperate soldier named Briee I broke jail, one night, and was pursued the following morniug. The trail led I to the west for a trifle over a mile; j theu it tnrued north for a quarter of a i .t ... nine, nua we louoweu until we came to a tree at t he. edge of a slough to the northwest of the fort, called the "gar den bar slough." Hero Arkichita pointed under the tree, and said Brice Lad lain down there to rest. Tho trail here led into the slough. A Dakota "slough" is a shallow lake, the water of whioh is from six inches to three feet deep, with a soft, muddy bottom, but not general miry. Tho center of the slough is usually free from grasses or weeds, but along the edges, frrm twenty to sixty yards out, long tule-grass grows. I'h.s particular slough was a inilo long, aud varied from au eighth to a quarter of a mile iu width, aud tbero i was a foot ol water covering ns much ! soft leud. During the night the wind had roiled the water up considerably. It seemed hardly possible to track anv- thing through it, except where the tulo had been broken down. Whore that was the case, even I could follow tho trail; on reaching open water, how ever, the case was different. The eastern end of the slough reached to a point near the fort not more than a huudrod and fifty yards from a brick yard, on which was a kiln that had beeu built during the summer. , The kiln was now ready for firing. Onco I thought Arkichita was baflled, after all; he had come to a dead stand still near the tule. Then au inspira tion strwok mo; perhaps by a circle I could flud the trail. Happy thought! I put it into immediate execution, and found oue. Bather elated at my suc cess, I called: "Come quick; heap trail!" He came over, took one look; just the suggestion of a smile played on his face as he said: 'Cow." I did no more trailing, but under stood what was bothering him. The post herd also had waded through here since Brice's escape, and it took all the scout's eudless patience aud wonderful eyesight to keep the trail where the cattle had passed through it. The gross-stem was of no use here. Wo had passed over half the slough in this circuitons route, when suddou ly Arkichita started, straight as the crow flies, for the edge of the slough near the briokilu. Was bo following tho trail? On he went uutil be oamo to the shore nearest the kiln ; here he stopped. evidently bothered agaiu. There was a scarcely discernable footprint in the mud aud water right at the edge of the slough, appareutly the lust step the deserter had takeu before reachiug bard grouud. This footprint showed the toes, so the deserter was now bare footed. Another thing about this print was its direction: it stood at right angles to the lino previous fol lowed. Either the mau had takeu a sideward spring for the land from his right foot, or ho had turned around aud started back over his owu trail. . Arkichita wont down on his knees, nud inspected the grass, blade by blade. I kept a respectful distance at one side, astonished at the turn tho affair had taken. Now, inch by inch, ou his knees, be wrenched the seoret from the appareutly unwilling surfaoe of the earth. Eighty yards, from the kiln, he looked up and glanoed at it. Ths same idea evidently instantly oo curred to both of us. The trait was leadiug to the kiln! Then be rose.and, bendiug over, slowly advanced to the edged of the brickyard. After reaching the yard, Arkichita walked slowly around the outer edge of it, examining tho grouud with the utmost care, until be came to the point from which he started, when he said: "Trail come in no go outj'inau 'iu there," pointing to the kiln. And .circumstances proved biiu to be right, though it was thirty-six hours before the fugitive was located in the kiln, and captured. An I'nnacatiary Act. At a recent duel the parties dis charged their pistols without effeot, whereupon oue of the seconds inter posed, aud proposed that thn com bataqts should shake Lauds. To this the other second objesoted as unneces sary. "Their hands," said be, "have been tbakiug for half au hour." A DANCEROUS CALLING. 1 Animal Trulnori An Always I.lkely tt Lon Their l.lron. , When yon see an animal trainer per forming with ferocious beasts you may be quite right if yon imngine the man as a fearless master of thorn ; bnt if yon think for an instant that tbero is no danger you are wholly wrong. A traiuor never confronts the beasts and compels thorn to do bis bidding with out literally taking his life in his bauds. He is so used to tho danger that be does not think of it each time, and bo holds his mastery of them by a sort ot power ' that becomes habit, second nature, as it wore, just as be eats hie meals or performs other common em ployments. Or, to make the case more plain, he forgets the dangers that surround him, just as men in any other dangerous calling doa pointer, for instance, who stands upon a nar row platform hundreds of feot from tho ground. Nevertheless, the dan ger is ever present, and all tho more terrible because of tho uncertainty of it. A trainer must inspire constant fear in me brutes. What a power for harm there is the elephant, for instance! One swing of that powerful trunk, aud he could crush the life out of tho .1 1 iuuu; om ue is possessed oi nn nngov crnable fear. Some animal trainers live to a good ngo and never have an geeidjiit. They are absolutely fearless in their work. and yet they may be no bravor than you or I when other auimals are iu question. j.noi-0 was one trainer who. gave a wonderful performance with a number animals in tho one cago. He would take all manner of liberties with- the ferocious brutes, compelling them to do bis bidding; making them form pyramids aud lying down on them When you consider how a cat or dog will sometimes turn upon you if not bandied just so you must realize what a tremendous power the trainer must exert over such huge, savngo beasts 1 hero were always a dozeu other keepers about when this performance was being enncted, aud they were armed with pistols, hot irons and raw hide whips. One of the lions turned upon this trainer once, aud his arm was badly lacerated before bo could be rescued. Of all animals, keepers say the tiger is tho worst and tho most treacherous. It is necessary to keep tho oyo fixed pretty constantly upon it, or it may revolt at any moment. CURIOUS FACTS. Chicago nses every year 11,000,000 pounds of Bonp. Fried wasp soup is considered great luxury iu China. Herod is the name of a judge who sits iu police courts in Chanute, Kan. Among the exports of Mexioo last year are to bo noted two tons of driod flies. The doll is probably the most an tique of toys. It has been found iu- sido the graves of children of ancient Borne. Peru possesses such a'diversity of elevations and climntlo peculiarities as to be able to produce almost any prod uct known to mau. In the fourteenth century armor be came so heavy that mauy soldiers only thirty years old were deformed or per manently disabled by its weight. In Switzerland a milkmaid gets bet ter wages if gifted with a good voice, bocause it has beeu discovered that a cow will yield oue-lifth more milk if soothed during milking by melody. Hildosheim's famous thousand-year- old rosebush, which it had been feared in the last two years was dyinffi has sent out new shoots aud runners from a thick root stock this year, and seems now to be safe to Inst for a good many years to come. The first stage coach in England started in 1600. Its pace was about threo miles per hour. The first stage ooach in America started from No. til) Ann (North) street, Boston, for Ports mouth, N. H., aud occupied eighteen nours upon tho journey. The speed of au otter under water is amazing. Imh havo no chanoe against them. In some plaoes in In dia otters are kept by the natives to fish for them. They are tied up to stakes like dogs, wheu not working, wear plaited straw collars aud seoiu happy. Noor the town of Capljina, iu Bos nia, archtvologists have exbnmcd a new Pompeii in the form of a liomau camp. All tho walls are well preserved, and some of the rooms are decorated with fine paintings, whilo weapons, lamps, aud various other objeots have beeu found in them. Hit art Woodpecker In Maine, Processor Eastman J. Clarke, with a party of students from Connecticut, a few days ago returned from a long trip after natural history specimens iu the Maiue woods. While ou the headwaters of the Allagnsh, hi says, he found a family of downy wood peckers which seemed to be endowed with more intelligence than falls to the lot of the average bird, Wood peckers feed upon worms that burrow into trees. As an active borer makes a gallery three or four feet long iu , a single season, the woodpecker isoftou obliged to make mauy punctures iu order to get at its prey. The family ot birds whioh came uuder Professor Clarke's eye has udopted a labor-sav-iug device which has proved of great service. The rankest plant that grows in the Maine woods is tho Indian poke, the berries of whioh are charged with an alkaliue juice that is very offensive to all animal life. Acoording to Professor Clarke, the Allagash woodpeckers, haviug opened up a gallery made by a borer, drops pokeberries iu the office. The berries give out such an odor that the grubs are forced to oome outside for fresh air, and the woodpecker doe the rest. New York Sun. A Novel Sight In Keuadnr. The most novel aud amusiug spec tacle in Guayaquil, Eonador, is dou keys wearing pantalets. Thin is not due to motives of modesty, for most ot the children go naked and many ot the peon women nearly bo. The pan talets, made of cotton oloth and sus pended by strips of tape over the shoulders and haunohes, areahtunaue invention to protect the auimals from the vicious flies which attack them. AN .OBJECT-LESSON IN VYFjJ now an American Olrl la T.,i.. French the Mag-le rower of R ror,,. Parisians had heard of tli, Gonld and his high-piled in,' '" money, but for tho past twotV, have been receiving a speci', f" lesson o tho powor of weald' world hands, in tho effortt. daughter, tho Countess de Clauj to reproduce in Taris tho palv . Grand Trianon, ns built by tliu Kings at Versailles more the '"r turies ago. Three-quartern, of land was bought at tho itr u" of the Avenue d it Bois d i''1 l!l and the Avenue Malnkoff, tr'r, pense of close to a million ot "J",',',' this being the most costly rft-. 's' site iu Paris. Publio nte:Jj"J been made keen by the aunotwiu' that while the exterior would 'JV to the fourteenth century, p to r terior was to bo a blending J'rR,' fourteonth and fifteenth pttui.i the Gould millions and tho fJvAi'i of tho French architects co-J's'F" pass this unique desire. Tk.jn nri of two historic periods iu Freir, 111 tcctiiral history was so re; an undertaking that from i. Tot ning the progress of this li " ' been followed with such a t""ao torest as has been given to fei ""tvl private building projects. Iti','tM family was occupying the cei:J - T tion, but the interior decor."1" tho two wings probably csthcii, completed iu less than two ypi-'u't, When it became known suc'tni was to be attempted nmm-tToi French said it would tnliefl"'' years to build nnd furnish ''u" ' treasures; but Western enteri j, local ingenuity promise its cot Doc iu a fifth of the time. The i'n will then have cost thirty mi; Putt francs, or six millions of dollr1" r the Count nnd Countess nre c Fl of rare art works aud bric-a-1 eyus in a single year, it is said, it)ir pondod a million of dollar ..'exan cbasos for their new i'esideiivTl,H the matter ot ceilings was ludyar tanged for the Castellaucs 0-iC, Italy and sought tho aplemliiijotiKii of Verona. They did not . bu palace, but coveted the clov-i iMik inga it contained from the lJt ' Tiopolo, and these could he Kc only by the purchaso of the olimnu ture. Edward Page Gaston lrou Woman's Home Companion, j Km -hen I WORDS OF WISDOVI.'orlii They also serve who only siii Vet wait. Milton. The man who pardous e.isil; injury. Corueille. Oth The best teacher one can i. necessity. Shakespeare. Good manners and good iiw. sworn friends aud fast allies. To bo good and disagreeable treason against tho royalty of . ,'. -Hannah More. fel' It is not the place tbat nul''''' person, but the person thnt l the place honorable. Cicero, The opportunity to do iuisri. found a hundred times a ihCl.. that of doing good but once :I57 Voltaire. '71 i The oouditions of conquest t i ways easy. We havo but toU while, endure 'a while, believe CZTZ and never turu back. Sinmis, iu-, So reinarknrriT-errwrHi? Is lilrloi turo of man that ho despise ij free that court him, and admires loini will not bend before him. lilcan des. fkei Mental pleasures never o!ov:Pn 1 those of the body, . they are ioV'a by repetition, approved by ret( oel aud strengthened by enioyc8 U' Colton. ''"in- Much osteutatiou aud mucli Ireta 01 al sun, rising and declining, mntr. 1 1 l : 1 1 i. . ,t ti BUltUUWB, Hb 1U1UUUJ, WIlOU UK est, net at all. Bijhop Hall. : What Soda Water In. Soda water, so called becaii1 v made with soda, is a mineral made of carbonic acid nnd wiiti flavored with various kinds ol jT Its common name hns now uoLun ing, because the soda water present day has no soda iu i'-iof't bonio aoid will mix with water Lte common heat and pressure oft: bnt if the beat bo lessened ac pressure increased, much mo'!.r cau be forced iuto tCer wute inb!nT CI 1 an4ai tlm .n.1i(itl' wn is obtained by pouring weak su ;- u!( acid over marble dust, which t';y , the gas. This is then fnrf'.ara means of a powerful pump it-. water ooutaiued in a very wtr -tight vessel. The water tin- prognated with gas is drawn of, , a fountains or is bottled. Ti;' nothing injurious about the in'-; cept that its coldness may t b digestiou aud thus Injure the si Tho Vital Need ot Coal. The industries by which n. are supplied aud the couimuuk-f f laud or aea, by which theso uf are readied, have, since 1815, '0 to depend more aud more upou-1 TIlH fwotitiatli iimifiii-v . will Sfc piarkod increase iu the prie 'j coa-!of the United Kiugdom. 0l peau l owers Busnia has by greatest reserve of coal. Indu,' tna. and South Africa will c the aid of the British Empire; !' United States must become tho of the world's coal supply, to tue far future, perhaps supnlun- China aud Japau. How these cU' will alloot the relative sea-p'j nations it would be rash to att4 predict. Nineteenth Century iA Queer Companions. : The Kenueboo (Me.) Jourim of a man who has a fox aud a that are boon compauious, both animals were iu the pl they were plaoed together, au now enjoyed a year of each otu oiety in peace aud harmony. sleep together and play witb other much after the manner frolicsome pups. . ! Killed the Flock For au Karrlf A farmer's wife near Wellirt Mo., while feeding. chiokeus rec dropped an earring, which was ly gobbled up by oud of the She oould not piok out the pan obicken, bo killed them ona bj twenty-aeveu in all but failed the earring. Then sho liegau around and found it iu the I wbors the old hen bad dropped; '-""""AT"""