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FULTON COUNTY NEWS, Published Every Thursday. B. W. Peck, Editor. McCONNELLSBURG, PA. Thursday, Nov. 2, 1899. Published Weekly. 1.00 per Annum in Advance. Prompt attention will be given to applications for ad- vertisin rates. Job Printing: of every des cription executed with prompt ness, in a workmanlike manner and at consistent prices. THE DAYS GONE BY. J,MKH WHITCOMI1 KILEY. Q, the days (jone by! O, the days gone by The apple In the orchard and the path way through lh vyc; 'Tho cblrrii) of the robin and.the whist- ,le of the quail, Ai he piped ucroK.s tlve jntjadow Bweet . as any nightingale; When the bloom .Is on the clover, and the blue was In the sky, And my .happy heart brimmed ov,r In the days gone by. In the days gone by, whe.n my naked feet were tripped By the honeysuckle's tangles where .the water lilies dipped .And the ripples of the river lipped the moss along the brink, Where the placid-eyed and lazy-footed .cattle come to drink, And the tittering snipe ntood fearless of the truant's wayward cry, .And the splashing of the swimmer in the days gone by. ,0, the days gone by! O. the doys gone by! The music of the laughing lip, the lus tre of the eye; The childish faith in fairies, and Alad din's magic ring "The simple, soul-reposing, glad belief in every thing When life was like a story, holding neither sob nor sigh, In the golden, olden story of the days gone by. THE SOUTH AFRICAN 'DIFFICULTIES. British yersus Boer. From Erie comes a series of .questions suggested by ihe South African trouble, the answers to which, if properly made out, would fill this page. They must .bo limjted to this .column. The first question is: "When did the Boers leave Hol land, and what fori"' Holland belonged to the empire of Charjes V., and when that was divided between Austria and Spain, Holland fell to the latter, in consequence of which the Hol landers kept their share of tho commerce which grew out of the discoveries by Columbus and his successors. They extended their trade as a means of maintaining thejr Jong war of independence, which broke out in 1"00, and in the closing years of that century ,and opening ones of the next, perfected the Dutch East com pany. It established a trading station at the Cape of Good Hope; iho first Europeans to settle there were Dutch, in 1 They were the agents of the company; they were joined by other Dutch. Brjelly, that is how they camo to Jeavo Holland. "Why are they called Boers?" In the latest of the dictionaries Boer is marked as a South Afri can word, and in a certain sense correctly; but Boer meant origin ally exactly what our word boor did a countryman. The spell ing hero is in the one case Dutch and in the other English. We employ the word to express what is rude, coarse, clownish; to say that a person is a boor is to say that he has bad manners. In South Africa to say that a man is a Boer, is to say, first, according J.0 the primary meaning of the word, that ho is a farmer or cat tle breeder, a man who lives in )ha country; secondly, that he is by birth or decent Dutch, though tho word js desprjptive of a per son of mxed blxd who speaks the broken Dutch which is known as Afrikantaal. Boers indicates the nationality of the person rath ,cr thau Ids occupation tho Boer js distinguished by his lauguage now rather than hy hjs occupa. tjou; the banker or merchant of Dutch origin is jn South Africa im distinctly a Boer as the farmer iiV the CJttltf breeder, "In what respect does the Orange Free State differ from tho Republic presided over by Kruger?" Hp says in no respect, and hence all tho uproar. Tho Orange Free State is an independent re public; ho says his South African state .is an indcjiendout republic, and has been since 1884. That is why he has .objected to Chamber lain's claim of right on the part of England to compel a change in its olectoral law. Chamberlain in sists that Kruger is darkening tho issue; that England is endeav oring to compel the Republic to keep the engagement as to voting and of representation into which the Republic entered with her in 1884. "What is Transvaal, and why so called?" If you have a map large enough to show it, look for the Orange or Gariop river, which forms the northern boundary of Cape Col ony, and tracing it eastwardly from where it pours into the At lantic, you find it forming tho southern boundary of the Orange Free State, while what the map makes a branch of it comes in from the northeast and forms the northern and eastern boundary of the state. It lies between riv ers very much as Pittsburg does. The northern one, corresponding to the Allegheny is the Vaal. Now, let us go back a bit. When Holland was overrun by the French revolutionists, the Prince of Orange, a fugitive in England, turned the Dutch South African possessions over to her to keep them from falling into the hands of the French, but they did not finally become English until 1800 Tho Dutch had established sla very in them; the English abol ished it, for which and other rea sons the Dutch declared that they did not care to live under English rule. In 1830 they bought a tract from the-Zulus, and on that set up a government of their own, but the English after a while conclud ed not to permit any independent governments in South Africa. There was a sharp contest, and when it ended this Dutch govern ment was the English province of Natal. Disgusted Dutchmen then pressed eastward into the wilds, and founded the Orange Free State. That ( was in 1813, perhaps; five years later that state went the way of Natal, but the Boers were so intolerably ob streperous that in 18i2 tho Eng lish gave them their freedom to bo rid of them. Meantime, how ever, disguested Dutch again went into the wilds, which is to say, they crossed the Vaal and proceeded to set up a republic. Trans means across; when the Transvaal was referred to the reference was understoad to bo to that part of the wilderness oc cupied" by the Dutch who would not remain under English law in the Orange Free State. Trans vaal is used synonymously with South African Republic, the offic ial title of the government beyond the Vaal." "When did suzerainty exist be tween England and the Boers, and is it broken now?" This question'has been answer ed in part in the preceeding par agraph. In part it cannot be an swered until tho present bicker ing is terminated. Suzerainty implies much or little according to the interest of those who have the interpreting of it. It conveys the notion of the superiority of one state over another; the su periority of England over the South African Republic consists in tho fact that tho republic can not concludo a treaty with any power save tho Orange Free State without tho consent .of England, or this is tho English assertion, based on an article of the conven tion of 1884. "In tho years that tho Dutch have been in South Africa have they utilized tho resowces of the soil and advanced tho business relations of the nations as much an the Britons have in the last few years?" That is a largo subject. As to business as the word is usually taken they have not accomplished much; for they are not traders or manufacturers, but husbandmen, and of the conservative sort. They care nothing for progress in art or science or industry, and are content to indulge themselves in their passionate love for "the desolate freedom of the wild ass." That is tho chief cause of their present trouble. English and America:; liavo been developing the gold mines of tho republic and in other ways creating wealth but they are excluded from their share in tho government, which they have been enriching. "What is tho population of the Boers' country?" Tho only figures we have at hand aro those, total for all tho Boer Republics: Area, 102,640 square miles; population, 888,000. The census of 18D0 gave the South African Republic a white popula tion of 119,128, while tho native population was estimated at 506, 000. ,. "What does the war hinge upon?" According to Mr. Chamberlain, the determination of England to obtain for tho Uitlanders such substantial and immediate rep resentation as will enable them to secure for themselves the fair and just treatment which the re public by treaty promised them. The Boers answer that what he calls fair and just treatment is tantamount to a surrender by them to the foreigners, who will outvote them. This is how they regard the demand: "The Trans vaal is struggling for its very ex istenco. The danger from the invasion of miners is as real as if it were an invasion of armed men; for it is all ono to have your gov ernment captured by a troop of horse or to have your privileges taken away by alien voters." A Farmer Met Death While Haul ing Corn. On Wednesday afternoon, Oct. 11, Amos Foul, aged 05 years, while at work on his farm near Gardiner's Station, Adams coun ty, met death by an accident, Foul was sitting on the seat of a wagon loaded with corn which he was hauling from a field to the barn, when the front end-gate of tho wagon, against which he was bracing himself in order to con trol the horses, in going down a hill, gave way and ho was thrown down between the frightened ani mals which ran away overturning the wagon and doing considerable damage. The unfortunate man was com pletely covered with corn and his back was broken as a result of his fall. As soon as ho could be extricated from his dangerous position Mr. Foul was taken in an unconscious condition to his home near by, and medical aid summoned, but all efforts to re suscitate him proved vain and ho died four hours later. A New Kxcu.se. "Henry, this is scandalous." "What's tho mattor, m' dear?" "Oh, there's no use talking to you. Don't you know you're in a dreadful condition?" "Who said s-so, m dear?" "I say so. Why, you won't bo able to get your hat on tomor row." "An do you know why, m' dear?" "Yes, I know why." "Th-then you know about kiss ing bugs?" "Kissing bug! What about tho kissing bug?" "Kissiu bug bit me on th' brow an' poor ol' head swelled twice its nashral size. Look at it, my dear." rf'You go to bed. "Cleveland Plain Dealer, . An Excellent Law. It should be remembered by those who are in the habit of shooting at birds that como with in reach, that the killing, wound ing or trapping of any bird of song, cat bird, robin, woodpeck er, blue bird, yellow bird, or any other bird not a game bird, is in dictable as acriminiloirense, and any person convicted of such an offeuso is subject to pay costs of prosecution and a fine of not less than ten or more than fifty dol lars, and be imprisoned. One half of tho fine goes to the inform er. This is an excellent law and should bo rigidly enforced. "Now, children," said tho young lady who was instructing a class of small boys in the Sunday school, "which of you can tell me of what particular sin Joseph's brethren were guilty when they sold him into bondage?" "Please, ma'am, I mu," an swered one bright little follow. "Very well; what was it?" she inquired. "They sold him tyo choap," was the sonioMlutt unexpected reply. IIAMTS OF SPEECH. Faulty Language Used in Child Iiooil is Hard to Correct In After Life. "Why do educated parents al low their children to contract habits of ungrammatioal speech that will have to bo conquered in after life?" asked a spinster of a mother. "Because they hate to worry tho poor little things about such niatters when they are young and should bo care free. It soems cruel to be all the time correcting them and keeping them on their good behavior. They will have to learn the rules of our dreadful language all too soon as it is. " "Yes," said tho spinister, "and in addition to learning to speak properly they will have to unlearn tho tricks of speech in which they have been allowed to indulge all their little lives. I know, "laugh ing, "that there is much ridicule of 'old maids' children,' but I believe that my theory in the case is correct. It is a positive un kindness to let your child double his negative and say 'ain't,' when several years from now he will bo harshly reproved for such lapses. The child must learn to talk, any way, and is it not as easy to teach him to say 'It is I,' as 'It's me?' And is it not as simple for the little tongue to lisp 'I saw it,' as 'I seen it?' I love baby talk, and should cot correct a child for his mispronunciation of hard words. As he grows older ho will himself see his mistakes in that lino and change them. But I insist that it is a parent's duty to make the difficult patch to grammatical speech as easy as possiblo by never allowing the little ones to stray from it in the boginning. " Harper's Bazar. Outwitted the Lunatic. While residing at Rome I paid a visit to'the lunatic asylum there and among the more remarkable patient one was pointed out to me who had been saved with much difficulty from inflicting death upon himself by voluntary star vation in bed, under tho impres sion that he was defunct, declar ing that dead people never eat It was soon obvious to all that the issue must be fatal, when the hu man doctor bethought of tho fol lowing stratagem: Half a dozen of tho attendants, dressed in whito shrouds and their faces and hands covered with chalk, were marched in single file with dead silence into a room adjoining that of the patient, where he observed them through a dxr purposely left open sit down to a heavy meal, "Hello?" said tho would be corpse to an attendant. "Who bo they?" "Dead men," was the reply. "What, " rejoined tho defunct, "do dead men eat?" "To bo suro they do, as vou see," answered the attendant, "If that's tho case, exclained the dead man, "I'll join them, for I m famished." John Brown's Raid. Forty years ago Monday night; October 10, 18")1), John Brown made his historic attack on Har per's Ferry. It was an exciting event. Tho invaders captured tho town lato at night. While John Brown and his raid occupy a prominent position in American history, tho. average man vaguely regards the event as more remote than it is. The tremendous hap penings of following years seem to have shouldered Brown fur ther into the past, to bo dealt with solely by history. The editor of a Scranton news paper recently secured some in formation from what he consider ed a trustworthy source and pub lished it. It proved to be incor rect, and on the head of it tho pa per became involved in a libel suit. Learning that the person who furnished tho information knew it to bo false and purposely hoaxed the reporter, the editor has started suit under tho law passed a few years ago which im poses a heavy penalty for that sort of business. Women can always see tho mis take others aro making when they marry, but never are able to view their own matrimonial ventures in that light until it is too late to mend. TAKING WATER. On many of the railroads it is no longer necessary for a train to stop to allow the engineer to re plenish his boilers with water. All travelers have now Lscome accustomed to seeing the narrow troughs, 1,200 to 1,400 feet long, at various dead level points along the road, and they know .that the strip of water that it contains is scooped up by the engine as it speeds over the tracks. But peo ple from foreign countries often ask questions about the water be tween tho tracks and marvel when they hear tho story about "drinking" the engine on tho fly. What seems a marvelous me chanic contrivance is an extreme ly simple thing. A pipo with a scoop'ond it fastened to the ten der. It is C-shaped, with tho top end pointing into tho water tank and the bottom curled under tho body of tho tender. By a series of levers this end may be dropped until it reaches the level of the ties. When the engine reaches tho trough the fireman drops the scoop end, which is 3 inches high and 12 inches wide into tho trough, into which it sinks a dis tance of about six inches or with in an inch of the bottom. It may wabble slightly without doing any harm, because the trough is twenty-four inches wide. Dropping the end is all that is done, for the motion of the en gine does tho rest. The water rushes into tho pipo and thence into the tank with a rush and force that suggests to the uniniti ated tho use of powerful engines. "The most remarkablo thing about the water-taking scoop," said a railroad official, "is the fact that the speed of the train must be reduced when the water is taken on. It reaches the bend in tho pipe with such force that if the train were allowed to go at its regular speed the metal would be seriously strained, so we roduce the speed to about thirty miles an hour and have the best re sults." While the engine is passing over the trough at the rate of thirty miles an hour it takes up about 4,000 gallons of water about as much as would be con tained in 100 spirit barrels. Kate Field's Love Letter. If that charming woman, the lato Kate Field, did not marry, it was assuredly not because she did not have many an admirer. A Washington lady has in her possession a little old bit of yel low paper upon which is penciled a boyish scrawl. It was preserv ed by Miss Field from her little girl days. The scrawl runs thus: "wont yue mete me down bye The Gate aftter school Yue nowe ILuvyue." On the other side of the bit of paper is the address, thus: "Miss Kate Feld, Esq., last Scat nex to the Door goin out." It must have been iike a bi'eath of tho forgotten perfume of yes teryears wnen tho clever, kindly woman happened upon this little old piece of yellow paper on a rainy afternoon of rummaging. CHISEL IN HIS HEAD. Tho latest tragedy in Kentucky is joyously characteristic of some portions of the State. Two young farmers who had long had a feud met in church on Sunday. They sat on opposite sides of tho congregation, they joined in all the devotional exercises, listened to tho sermon, raised their voices in tho hymns, bent their heads in prayer and patiently waited until the benediction was pronounced, when they rose and immediately began shooting. One of them was killed and several members of tho congregation were wound ed. The usual panic and posse comitatus followed. Shower of Stars Coining. On the night of the 14th of this month there will pour from tho heavens the most remarkable and spectacular stream of shooting stars ever predicted by astrono mers. In Washington tho scien tists of tho United States naval observatory aro making elaborate preparations for observing the coming appearance of the Loon ids, while throughout thecolleges, universities aud astronomical ob servatories of the United States and of tho world thousands of men trained to a knowledge of tho stars are awaiting with eager in terest the celestial phenomena, Ono of tho most remarkable ac cidents in the annals of surgery was brought to light this week in Baltimore by, the aid of X rays. About eleven weeks ago, Char los Baker, a machinist in the Gei sor shops, Waynesboro, was found unconscious at the side of the machine ho had been operating. There was a cut across the ridge of his nose, another below chin, and still another on one of hislegs. Tho machine had contained two steel chisels, each five and a half inches long, ono inch thick. Oneof tho chisels was found lying on the floor near the machine, but, al though diligent search was made, the other chisel couldnot be found He was taken to St. Joseph's Hospital, Baltimore, and was treated and after several weeks the wounds healed. About throo weeks ago Baker began to com plain of a stiffnoss in the muscles of the neck, and later a partial paralysis of some of tho nerves of the face and neck developed. Prof. William C. A. Ilamrnel, of the chair of physics, State Nor mal School, placed him under the action of the X rays and by means of the lluoroscope located the lost chisel in the patient's face and throat. The tool when it flew from the machine, must have struck on tho bridge of tho man's nose sharp end formost, and tak ing a downward course, penetrat ed tho bones, flesh and muscles until it reached almost to tho ver tebrae. The upper end of the tool is shown ju st where the bony struct ure of the nose begins, and can be traced along its entire length al most to the vertebrae. The chisel, in its course, not on ly narrowly missed the jugular vein, but cama within a short dist ance of severing tho base of tho tongue. The patient, before the accident was a s trong,robu st man, but he has now become greatly emaciated on account of his ina bility to swallow food. He also experiences great difficulty in ar ticulating, and it is with difficulty that he can make himself under stood. It is expected that an op eration will be performed to ro move tho. chisel. Strange Abode of a Giantess. Miss Ella Ewing, famed as tho Missouri giantess, whoso heightis eight feet three inches, has just had built a remarkable house near Garvin, Scotland county. It is a two-story frame structure of conventional pattern and would not attract more than ordinary at tention were it not for the fact that the door s are all ten feet high, with windows and ceilings to cor respond. Thisgives itanappear anco possessed by no other resi dence in Missouri perhaps in the world, for in the world, there is no other woman like Ella Ew ing. She is as modest as she is tall, and it was only after tho most temptingofl'ers that she ev er consented to exhibit herself for a consideration. She has been the main attraction at sever al circus side-shows but has in variably boon accompanied by her parents. They are pooplo of av ernge sizo and cannot account for their daughters's remarkable de velopment. She is now at her homo. It was whilo traveling with a circus that she earned the money which paid for the houso which is now the wonder of Scot land County, Mo. Muy u Woman Tell Her Love? It is true it is unconventional for a woman to tell a man that she loves him unless the man has per suaded her to make such confess ion. But is there any good rea son why a woman should not take tho initiative? Is she any less a woman for doing so? A shy and timid man may not know how to tell a woman that he loves her. Should tho woman, who isoifirm or faith and stronger mind, stand halting and waiting for a confession that may never come? Why should sho su ffer in silence? By so doing may she not lose tho man who loves her and also the happiness of a lifetime as well? A "TREATING" i Hettio Harry is a man always to bo trusted. He has never de ceived me, Clara But how do you know that? Hottie Know it? Why, ho told me so himself only last evening. -Boston Transcript. Col. Fred KinsineortJ story of Mr. Perry, an '!' orn gentleman, who dJ years ago, back of Covit Mr. Porry was an excpi. lite man. He would way at any time to av?!,J' ing a neighbor or afri s' i ... ;l)m day a neighbor met lii jg), street with: a "Hallo, Mr. Perry! ime going in to get a drink, r01 and have something. " "Thank you, Mr. S care for anything," n"-'' swor- L "But come in and t,oi thing, just for sociabilit W "Now, I want to be 1 all that; I am anxious t ble, but I can't drink v-y, "All right, if you donjon: bo sociable, I'll go with"' ing," growled tho frhh' lently walked along in ro tion Mr. Perry was tra ' Presently the pair dr ' v drug store, when Mr. IVJ out with, "Mr. , IV(U ing well to-day, and I tl.M go in the drug store andluw castor-oil. Won't you j "What, in a doso of "Yes." J "Naw; I hate the stuff1 to v which a chill went over j0 as visible in its effects t tia ry as if the ague had on the street, J "ButlwantyoutohJJ, of oil with me, just to i,e ble, you know." ag Tho friend still refuv Mr. Perry said:- "Your, whiskey is just as me as my sociabk Don't you think I've asij A - 1 (V 11 ..I sou w do ouenuea wuij you have with me?" rj( iuur, is distil lo oil is f THE BITER litti J He looked green, buti ances are often deceitful 1 tain card sharper in to a out in this particular f 1 says the Memphis Scini' green-looking individual ' drop where the card p could hear it that he luif e erable money in his clotl .- a sharper spotted him atiP went angling for the sucj' th was not hard to land, at than an hour the two vnft in an up-town resort plu,?1 en-up. Tho greon-nian( roll and the sharper's if tened as he calculated t what he was going to dfs when he got it. ' In order to bait the gif tho sharper let him wit occasionally, and in the ilv the hour's play these 41; amouuted to a round suf 1 green man lost ho paid rnt, nf him rinrVif- trnnanr. ..... - -O"" L but when he won the moir into the other pocket. II r 41,!.. : a: n t ft una u pi euiiuiuu uu mi urn when gambling in the said nothing about it. Fii' green-looking man deck: he was broke, and the gu ed. He had lost sometl $."j00 and tho sharper, U right thing, called him i 0'L hnv nnd nrrl urprl n Vvittln pagno. He threw out ou. newly-won if 10 bills, and tr tonishment it was retuf counterfeit. He tried otl they were dono the samt'L "Well, lemme pay ft. champagne," said thegn, ing individual. "You si L beat you at your own jf- man. You got all my cou- .1 T i. .7. .. . I iuuuu.y uuu x irob uie itif See?" The sharpor acknow corn. a-leilL To Stop Nosebleed To stop nosebleed cu blotting paper about i square, roll it about the 4; leadpencil and put it up t tril that is blooding. Th in it will fill the space 1- the tube and the noso n very sxn coagulate and ' stop tho flow of blood York Times. "Does the climate agn you?" inquired tho mud b versational porsou. "No," answered the prophet fiercely. "Near!1 time I announce what it m do it assumes an attitude1 and uncompromising opp Washington Star.