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FARM AND GARDEN.
Feed Vont HnriM Properly. Farmer generally do not give the ,'eediug of their horses the attention it deserves. Balanced rations and food mixtures for the dairy cow and the feeding steers are carefully en trained and discussed, bnt the feed ing of the horses is usually all the hay tbat they can eat and varying quantities of oats according to the work being done. Sometimes even the latter part is neglected, If horse is required to do extra bard work he should be liberally and fre quently fed. The amount of food given should be regulated by the size and breed of the animal and by the amount and kind of work he is re quired to do. The horse has small stomach in proportion to his size, hence frequent feeding when under hard work is necessary. The human Stomach can boar hunger far better than that of the horse. If driving on a journey yon feel hungry yon may be sure your horse has felt it before you did and is needing his feed more than you do. Needed on All Farm. Grain scoops are needed on all farms. Make a half-dozen according to the pattern shown in the illustra tions. The part left for a handle can HANDY IIOMB MADK ORAIX SCOOP. methods of preserving eggs have been tested; the three which proved most effective were coating the eggs with vaseline, preserving them in lime water, and preserving them in water glass. The conclusion wae reached that the last is preferable, because varnishing the eggs with vaseline takes considerable time, and treating them with lime-water is liable to giv them a disngreeablo odor. There is one drawback to the water-glass method of preservation; the shell easily bursts in boiling water. This may be avoided by piercing the shell with a strong needle. Tht North Dakota Experiment Station has beeu making tests with the water-glass method of preserva tion, and has found that a ten per cent, solution of water-glass preserves eggs so effectually that "at tho end of three and ft half months eggs that were packed the (trst o( August ap peared porfeotly fresh. In most parkod eggs, after a little time, the yolk settles to oue side, and the egg is then inferior in quality. la these eggs preserved in water-glass the yolk retains its normal position, and in taste they were not to be distinguished from fresh, unpacked store eggs." Water-glass can be produced for about fifty oents a gallon, and one gallon will make enough solution to preserve fifty-dozen eggs, so that the cost of the material will not interfere with its use. If this latest bulletin of the department gives an impetus to the business of preserving eggs, con sumers must beware. be rounded so as to fit the hand nioe ly. Use seven-eighths inch .boards for the ' bottom, thinning it from the back toward the front. Make the back of half-inch board buo the sides of three-eigbths-inoh stuff and put all together with wire nnils. Feed fur 'lurkeja. One who has raised turkeys mcny years, and who takes pleasure in mak ing experiments, states that charcoal, turkey fat, aud diamonds are alike in some respects, says American Garden ing. It is a faot that more fat may be gotten out oi charcoal than one would suspeot without a knowledge of chem istry. Here is an accouut of one ex periment: Four turkeys were confined in a pen and fed on uual, boiled po tatoes and oats. Four others of the same brood were at the same time con fined in another pen, and fed daily on the same article, but with one pint of very finely pulverized charcoal mixed with their food mixed meal aud po tatoes. They had also a plentiful sup ply of charcoal (broken) in their pen. The eight were killed ou the same day and there was a difference of one and one-half pounds each in favor of the fowls that bad been supplied with charcoal, they being inuoh the fatter, and the meat being much snperior in point of tenderness and flavor. There is a general complaint that young turkeys suddenly droop and die without apparent cause. This oc curs usually during tho summer sea son and especially during tho very warm weather. If a close examination be made, tho solution will be fouud in the presenoo of lice. Tho best rem edy is to dust them with insect pow der and remove tbeni to a new location from the one to which they have re paired for the night. As a further pre caution, make a mixture of ten parts carbolic acid and 100 parts cotton seed oil, and grease them on top of tho head and around the vent, but do not grease thorn on tho body. , Honey iu the lllvo. Every oolonyof bees should have twenty-five or thirty pounds of good sealed honey to carry it through tho winter properly. The only feed that I would recommend in granulated sugar, thoroughly melted by adding water, and bringing it to the boiling point. It should not boil for any length of time, or it will certainly crystallize. The syrup shauld bo thin when fed about the consistency of molasses. Before foediug begins it would bo well to arrange the brood nest, but in most cases the bees have already done this. The center of tho hive should con tain three or four oombs tbat are empty in the center and lined at the top and ends with honey. Other frames, heavy with hooey, may be placed nt the sides until the hive is filled. Dur ing autumn we often find frame of oombs filled with pollen near the brood nest, and an excessive amount of this ia not desirable for wiutering, and may be removed. Pollen is used only for rearing brood, und to confine bees on it for winter food has a ten dency to produoe dyseutery. Any pollen thus removed should be re placed early in the spring. Bees sursly need some other treat ment ia winter than leaving them out in ordinary hives. Differeut modes of wintering have been adopted, but two methods are most in vogue. One It to place them in cellars, aud the other ia chaff protection on summer ntauls, or, in other words, chaff iuva. Tho latter plan is the most xlnnive!y praoticed. The chaff hivo is an outside box or shell enclos ing the hivo of bees, and much larger. II admits a packing spnoe of two o. three inches around the sides, ends, Mid bottoms, and fiom six to ten inches on top. A. II. Duff, iu Farm, i'icld nud Fireside. 'rarVMlluu of Kgg. A i scout bulletin of the Dopnrt mei! of Agriculture, ut Washington, thrown floiuo light upon a very old subjeot, iutuiosliug aVtk.ii to producers nud consumers how to put awny !r.rs durins; tho summer mouths, wliou thoy lire plentiful aud cheap, aud tetp thorn iu good couuition until tut winter Mouths, when they are scarce uuJ dear. Tun uacoinplishuieut has Joug l-oca aimed at by egg-producum, nml tt ib could once be made entirely nuccessful, would correct . the dis parity Ittweeu the two seasons by bringing winter prices down near to those of summer. Iu Ueruiauy twenty Light In Cattle Quarter. In too many bnrns the windows bo hind the cows are made of board, fit ted to slide back aud forth. Board windows are used because manure is thrown out of tho openings, and it is feared glass would be broken. Hence the cattle have dark aud unhealthy quarters. Glass windows can be ar ranged so there will be no danger of breaking thorn. They can be fitted to slide to one side, slipping in behind t cover of boards, or they can be made to drop, as shown in the out, or to rise, being protected by boards in front, not shown iu cut. In either, or any case, the thing to provide is the hiuged board that turns up over the wiudow sill white manure is being thrown out. It is then turned back aud the sill is left clean and entirely o ''I. JJI ffilll A BIRD IN THE BONNET. MILLINERS ARE SUBSTITUTING FEATHERS F0.1 FLOWERS. BT.TDIWf! WINDOWS TOD, THIS BARN. nucloged for tha reception of the window again. ' This board makes it impossible to keep the window always clean and unologged. New York Tribune. The Milkman's Itest Aerator, For a long time it has beeu goner ally supposed that milk while still warm from the cow's udder was less susceptible to odors than after it had become cool, but Dr. H. L. Bussell, the eminent Wisoonsia bacteriologist, has showu this to be a mistake and that warm milk actually takes on niu're odor than does cold nnder Himilar conditions. This is au im portant discovery, and throws much light upon the proper handling of milk for best results. ' Clean milking, by clean hands, in as pure a stable atmosphere as obtain able, must be supplemented by a rapid and thorough coding of the milk. Cooling at onoe lesseus the oapaoity of the milk to take up odors, arrests the process of fermentation, and, if well stirred during the cooling, the cream is kept from rising to the surface and will afterward more surely remain mixed with the milk while being distributed from the wagon. These are valuable considerations for a milkmau who desires to give his customers a good servioe. For us the simplest and best way to accomplish all of these good results is to have a tank of ice water in room near or adjoining the milking room. As fast as the pails are tilled, take- immediately to the tank and pour the milk into tin oans,whioh are suspended in the ioe water. Have au agitator in the can while being filled. The simplest aud best form for this is not uuhke au old fashioned churu dasher, ouly make the dasher of a piece of tiu six or seven iuchos iu diameter, soldi red firmly on to the end of awiro hAudle, which had better be galvan ized and have a loop in the end to hang it up by. Two or three plunges with this implement in a cau of milk each time that a pail is emptied will be fouud to be very effective in agi tating and oousuqueutly iu cooling the milk. We much prefer this simple and ef fective method to any of the more elaborate and expensive oner, and it is our experience that milk so treated will keep longer than as though ex posed to the atmosphere iu a fine pprny or a thiu sheet, iu neither of which case are any germs removed, hut it is reasonably certain that even under very favorable conilitions, a few are added to the milk. Milk or any other fluid will cool much more read ily when brought in close ooutaot with water thun iu air, even though the air i considerably colder thau the wuter. This is especially true of milk in tiu cans or glass jars. If oue must have uu aerator, be should choose one through which water is run for cool ing purposes. F. W. Mossmau, in Now England Homestead, Iteantlfnl Hlrda Are Horrific J That Thev May Adorn Alllariy'a llonnet Kyen the Kngtish "narrow la it Snflerer Feath ered Creatnre Are llecomlnu Scare. Feathers have taken the 'place of Sowers in the windows of the millinery marts, and the heart of the bird lover is sad. Dame Fashion seems to have decreed that the songster and the "soft-breasted birds from the sea" must be saorifloed that tbe bonnet and the walking hat may be made beauti ful, aud where is tbe woman who cau withstand fashiou's fiat? In one great store, from which onoe went forth the promise that so far as it was possible trie sale of feathers should be limited to those of game birds and domestic fowl, there are to-day shown the bodies of birds which when living do as much as blade, leaf or flower to add to the attractiveness of nature. In the windows of the store men tioned and in nearly all the others as well are shown whole closely feathered breast skius ripped ruthlessly from the birds known as the great northern divers or loons. The call of this bird, a weird sort of lanqh, is typical of Ihe wilderness of remote Wisconsin lakes. The laugh of the lake loou is ns much a part of the charm of the wild north ern summer life r.s is the plashiug of the water upon which the bird makes its home. It builds its nest in the sedge of some little island lake. When the home is completed something softer comes into the diver's eves, which be fore had mirrored only the wildness of its surroundings. Before the young birds appear iu the mossy structure on the shore it is useless for the plume hunter to attempt the killing of the loons. They keep long stretches of water between themselve nuds the prow of his predatory boat. They laugh and dive at the flash of his rifle. But the young come, and parental love makes the birds fearful for the safety of their Ibrood, and then the man who shoots that woman's bonnet may be decked finds au easy prey. It matters little perhays that, like the offspring of the egret in the everglades of Florida, the young of the loon clamor three days for food which does not come before final silence falls upon the lake. In death they are not divided. In the same windows which show the beautiful black aud white plumage of the loons are to be seen hundreds of terns and gulls, birds which when flying northward acoompany the great diver in its spring migration. .The coloring of the plumage of these grace ful winged water birds shows that they were killed at the breeding sea son. In the spring the Bonaparte gull, one of tho most oommoii of our northern lake visitants, throws off its winter hood of white and takes on a cap of black. Tbe contrasting gray white, and jetty black make oue of fashion's desired contrasts. There fore tho milliners' agents must needs seek out the hauuts of the Bonaparte gull while it is reuring its young. When the cares of the household are over tho bird changes its bonnet onoe more. So the plume hunters' work, to be done well from their point of view, must bo done quickly, and the birds are killed while bearing food to the nestlings. Gulls aud terns are confounded by most people who have, not made a study of winged feathered creatures. The flight of the two species of birds northward is coincident, but they are as different in habit as they are in plumage. They are both beautifnl and boih of graceful flight. They add a living interest to the wiud-swept lake shore. The tern dives for its food from a height, aud Hhooting down head first disappears under the water. The gull comes down more slowly for its food, grasping it with extended feet. By these characteris tics the uninitiated may know them. The flocks of gulls and terns that go northward in April and southward in September are yearly gettiug smaller. The Illinois Audubon Society is over two years old. It has many members aud it has done a good work. Last winter, largely through the efforts of the society, a law was passed bv the Illinois Legislature which makes the possession of any harmless bird, living or dead, au of fense punishable by a fine. Prior to the enactment of this law it was il legal to kill any harmless bird, but in order that punishmeut might be iu flicted the person must be caught in the act of killing. For possession there was no penalty. It must be confessed that those bird lovers to whom the task will fall look with some trepidation upon the work ahead whioh involves an attack upon a cita del in the shape of a woinau's bon net. It may be tbat the dealers who oifer this bird plumage for sale in de fiance of law and the women who wear it as defiantly will say that the feather covered skin of a bird does not con stitute a dead bird in the eyes of the luw. The water birds are not the only ones whioh have suffered this season tbat hat plumes may be flaunted. The ranks of son birds have been de pleted, and to the eye of even the casual observer the cry of "dyed Eug lish sparrows" availeth nothing. If it be true, as the best scientists de clare, that man's disappearance from the earth oannot be long delayed after the disappearance of the birds, then it is time that the subjeot of bird pro tection be considered seriously. Chi cago Beoord. CURIOUS FACTS. Fluger noils, like hair, grow faster iu summer than iu winter. A herring weighing six or seven ounces is provided with about 30,001) eggs. There is nn Icelsndio superstition that ambidextious people are born to good luck. A Michigan justice of the pence mar ries couples by reciting jingles of bis own composition. Publio story tellers earn a good livelihood in Japan. Six hundred of them ply their trade about Tokio. The Tnrk will solemnly oross hands upon his breast and make a profound obeisance when he bids anyone fare well. Tho largest flower in thi world is tbe Kafllesia Arnold! of Sumatra. Its size is fully three feet in diameter about the size of a carriage wheel. One of the features of the grand fait and midway, whioh was recently held at Middlesboro, Ky., was a publio wedding, when twin brothers marriod twin sisters. Think of a man shedding his skin! In forty-three years, every July, J. M. I Price, of Bntte, Mont., has this ex perience The entire skin of his body aud limbs comes off. In the olden-time letters were re ceived at the Sea of Okotsk twelve mouths after they were mailed at Mos cow. Tho Siberian railway will de liver thorn in four days. One of the queerest villages known is in New Guinea, and is called Tupnsoloi. The houses are all sup ported on piles, und stand out in the ooeau a couBiderable distance from shoro. In only times any one having the the inisfortuno to spill salt was sup posed to incur the angor of all good spirits, and to be renlerod suscepti ble to the malevolent influences of demons. The spider that seeks out a pobble and anchors her wob with it clearly makes use of a tool. The pebble is analogous to the iron anchor used by men. Spiders have beeu seen to use nails for auohors. Several streets in Paris are being paved with a new material called keramo, made of pressed powdered glass. It cau be made to resemble granite, marble aud other materials, and is said to be remarkably durable. CAUSES OF NIGHTMAllE. FRESH 0 ATA WHICH THROW A NEW LIGHT ON DREAMS. Rifles Used by tho Doers. Tho rifles used by the Boers in the war of 1881 were mostly Westley Bichavds. It was the sporting rifle most iu favor in the country at the time, and every store kept a supply of the paper-covered cartridges thnt were used for it. Each man made small alterations to his rifle to induce it to come into the fthootiug position with tho balance that he preferred, and there was scarcely a rifle iu the Transvaal that had not a bit of lead let iu some where in its woodwork! It was nooessary to shoot quickly to kill the tpriugbok and other high veldt buck, aud the Boers' arm and cartridge belt were especially adapted to rapid load ing aud firiug. In the old days a Boer was as fond and as proud of his rifle as he was of his "tripling" ridiug horse, and knew exactly its shootiug powers under nit conditions, lie has just had the best military rifio of the day put into his hands, but he will not kuow it as he know his old rifle, and will uot have quits the same oon lid once iu its shooting. Comparing the Mauor issued to the Boers and tho Lee-Met-ford the English use, the former is the slrouger aud simpler weapon, but tho British know their rifles thor oughly, the Boers do not which should about equalize matters. New York Commercial Advertiser. I'nilected Spiders. At the Royal Observatory ut Green wich, England, the -visitor may peer into the tube of a veteran telesoope twenty-five feet long, much in nso some one huudred and seventy-five years ago, but now inhabited by sev eral aolouies of spiders. These crea tures find such irresistible attraction in its roominess, coolness, aud dark ness that, when some years since on assistant endeavored to bring about their removal by the customary methods, they sturdily re fused to move. IVotien failing, the astronomers made the spiders pay for their lodgiug iu tho form of goods supplied, l or years an extremely fine fabrio had been wanted to Btrotch aoross tbe eye-pieces of telesoopes devoted to transit reading. Ouo day a boiectiflo eye lighted on the spidors. The day following the spiders wore raido'd, aud now they live and weave under official protection. Large sums of money have been roado from suiull things. The man who invented the roller ekuto mado 81. 000. 001), aud tho gimlet-pointed ! screw has made fabulous wealth. , Clly of Maples. Angelica, N. Y., is famous for the size and number of its maple trees. Its priiroinal street, whioh runs in a straiirK line for over a mile, is nor dered on either side with a row of im mense maples. In the center of the village is a flowing well, which spronts water aud fire at the satiM) time. The water is dear and oold, and the gas I whioh rises to the sufaoe through the same pipes, burns fiercely when ig uited. Unhealthy alula Pencil. The use of slate and penoil by chil dreu is denounced as unhealthy. It has been forbidden iu the schools of Zurich, Switzerland, and pen, ink aud paper have beau substituted instead. Thet'eaHons given are that tho light I grui murks on the slate cannot belol .d without straiuiuz the eyes. No Fear For tlrorge. "I suppose you worry a good deal about your son, dou't you, Mrs. Magnus?" "Yes," I jus.t tremble every time I see a messenger boy coming down the street, and until he gats past our house I nut ulways snro that he must hare a telegram telling me that some thing terrible bus happened to my boy." "Still, you must remember tbat the chauoes against him arc comparative ly small. Let me see, I thiuk I saw a statement somewhere the other day that the percentage of soldiers killed or wounded in the Philippines was only " "Oh, it inu't George who enlisted that I'm worrying over. It's Harry, who has been made a member of his college football team this year." Chicago Times-Herald. loets ami I'oetry. Here is a Georgia boy's composition on "Poetry:" "A poem is a thing which has rhyinos at the last eud. A poem al.so liai feet, but some poems dou't stand steady on 'em. Poets mostly hai long hair, because times is hard, and its cheaper to let it grow. Poets used to live iu garrets, on a crust oi ureaa when the baker would credit 'om. Now thev live on the erouud floor. where thoy can escape easy when the bailiff is after 'em. My father says pou try makes the world better, but my mother say it uin't the kind he writes. Poets have a monument when they die, us people waut to weigh 'em down so's thev can't come baok." Haw Character Can Kt Head by These VUlone Within Certain Limits Ploss ant Dream Made to Order Ilreaius Glren to V For a Good 1'urposa. "Recent experiments, which do not seem to have found their way into pop ular print, throw a tremendous amount of new light upon dreams," said a well known specialist in nervous dis eases a day or two ago to a New York Herald reporter. "For instance, it is shown very satisfactorily how charac ter can be read from dreams within certain limits, aud how dreams oan now be made to order by applying certain stimuli. Then, there is no end of fresh data explaining onuses of hide ous nightmares and ordinary dreams, as well as of supposed premonitory visious during ho sleeping state. "I have an instrument whioh has lately been used to penetrate deep in to dark and unexplored chasms of dreamland. Technically, it is known as tho ophthomalosoope, but I bften jokingly refer-to it as my dream tele scope. It is ordinarily used for care ful examination of the inner mechan ism of the eye. It has aided in show ing that much of the real food for dreams is contributed by opaque part iolos upon tho eye, which in the wak ing state appoar projected into space as twisted bodies, drops, lines, black spots, etc., often mistaken for natural objects. How, then, can the dreamer see in the dark? That is easily explained. Few people realize thnt the human body normally has the glow worm characteristic of self illumination. Yet it is true. Phosphorus exists in all healthy bono, tissue, niusclo, blood and nervous gray matter. As is well known, phosphorus emits light. So does the protoplasm iu every cell of the body. So do calcio sulphide, borio sulphide and chalk, naturally found iu tho body. So do teeth. TIIK EYE ILLUMINATED. "As oxygen is being constantly brought to these ingredients through the lungs and circulation, light is be ing generated inside every part of the organism. The eyelid, us well as the inner eye, thus becomes illuminated to a degree imperceptible in the wak ing state. Some people have been kuowu to be so phosphorescent as to be normally luminous anywhere in the dark. This is so especially in certain diseases, suoh as phthisis aud during 'luminous sweat.' "Foreign substances upon the eye thus throw their dark shadows, and suggest objects which sot the dream mechauism iu motion. Particles iu or upon the retina seem when the eye is closed to be five. or six feet distant. Tho same is often true of shadows due to folds in the cornea, shadows of twitching blood vessels and their cor puscles withiu the retiua. Indeed, increased blood pressure through tho retiua is known to causo various speotra. "Iu our dreams we see more than wo hear. Iu n storm portrayed in a dream we sou the lightuing but seldom hear the thuuder. Likowiso we hear more thau we feel, feel more than we tnsto and tasta more thau we smell while dreaming. "However, we have all noticed what dream images have been suggested by noises. The sharp banging of a door suggests a dream in which the re port of a gun is heard. During sleep tho ear reooivea innumerable vibra tions, or molecular sounds, imper ceptible in tho waking state. These, as well as shadows, furnish food for mauy inexplicable dreams. "How sensations of touch and of temperature bo act duriug sleep is well known. I know a man who upon feeling a hot water bottle placed nt his feet dreamed that ho was walking upon hot lava. In another su.h case Mexi cans were holding the subject's feet to fire to make bun confess the secrets of alohemy. A woman so treated im agined herself a bear being taught to danoe over hot iron plates. If you want to have somo fun, try this ex periment upon some unsuspecting friend. - "A cold application will probably suggest walking on snow or ice in the bare feet. This often occurs when the feet become uncovered. Then there is the very common dream of walking about the street divested of your lower apparel,1 and of suffering great embarrassment at being so dis covered. When you dream this note that you have kicked the covers off your leers. Another common dream is that of flying through the air. This is due to n draught blowing over the body. The sensation suggests to the backward dream reasoning that the body is moving through the wind. BFFBOT.H OP BMELL AND TASTE. "Likewise with the sense of smell. I hoard of a physician who when re el uired to spend the night ut the ill s melliug house of a oheesomonger dreamed he was sealed up in au im mense cheese, where au army of rats were running over his body. "Taste will act similarly. Former Surgeon-General Hammond tells of a young woman who put aloes ou her thumb to cure her baby habit of suck ing thnt member. She dreamed that uho orossed the ocean in a vessel of wormwood and that she tasted its bit terness whenever eatiug or drinking. In Europe, she imugined a physician treated her with ox gall, and the Pone ordered her to eat a piece of Lot's wife turned to salt, from whom she broke a thumb, which she put to her mouth. When bLio awoke she was sucking her own thumb, and all of the aloes hud disappeared. CAUSES OP JilailTMARlS, "Nightmares are similarly suggest ed by latiguo, ouungos iu circulation, hunger, thirst, aud especially by inch gestion, when gases of the stomach press against the diaphragm and act indirectly upon the heart. Pains caused iu this inauuor will appear in nightmares to be duo to some acci dent. Often the nightdress collar is accidentally tightened or the head has assumed suoh au augte as to interfere with circulation, causing a siuotberod sensation, which suggests haugiug or falling from some high point, aud bu iug unable tJ breathe the while. "Pleasant as veil as bad dreams cau be made to order. Experiment prove that hideous fuoes seeu iu sloop may be replaoed by attractive oues if steadily at a beautiful picture jnsl before the eyes are closed in sleep. Experiments have also showu thai dreams of oertaiu colors can be in duced by causing tho subjeot to gazi steadily at disks or through glass of the same color, shown in suoh a waj ns to cause surprise just before retir ing. "Experiments -further show thai cold compresses applied to the heaJ will banish bad dreams. A layer ol cotton wool, similarity placed, will, by raising its temperature, tnakt dreams -more vivid and intelligent. Placing the sleeper on his right sidi will mako his dreums absurd, extrava gant and of a remote time; on the lofl side, reasonable and of a reoent time, Experiment also bIiows that plaolug a candle in the otherwise dark room cl the sleeper will serve often to dissipate bad dreams. ENFORCED BY ASSOCIATION. "Experiments further show how dreams are euforced by association. A man who, while traveling iu a oertaiu place always used a peouliar perfume, invariably dreamed of that place when a drop of this perfume was placed upon his pillow. Auother important fact lately brought out is that many people on awakening from vivid dreams retaiu these dream images iu their eyes. These dream images can be retained nntil the position of the eye is changed. ThU phenomenon may accouut for many supposed ghosts seen immediately utter awakeu ing, wheu the parent dream images have not beeu retained in memory. Dreams and hallucinations have the same radical cnuse. "It hns been said that dceomlng is a'normal, temporary iusanity. Elabor ate notes lately made on thousands of dreams show that the d'. taming brain, like the savage brain, has but feeble appreciation of cause aud effect. Simple resemblances of form, color, sound, etc., will briug together dream images without sensible relationship. Bad dreams are sometimes so vivid as to drive men permanently mad. Cow per's madness is said to have been due to this cause. "A characteristic of dreams' of the aged is that scenes portrayed to them iu the present are usually composed of influences figuring in younger days. It is also fouud that dreams almost invariably appear to be iu the pres ent time, that they occur most fre quently during . the light morning sleep, that those nfter four o'clock are more vivid than those before, aud that the deeper the sleep the less we par ticipate in our own dreams. Did you ever note that you never see your owu face in your dreams? "I have told you that oharaoter can now be read from dreams. At least, this possibility is indicated by these researches. The data show tbat tho greater the individual development of the subjeot, the more rich and varied bis dreams. The uncultured seldom dream, and wheu they do, their visions are usually limited to crude repetitions of experiences of the previous day or week. Beoent investigations of tho sleep of idiots and imbeciles show that they are poor dreamers. "Criminals ure fouud the same. No sleep is like tho proverbial 'sleep of tho just' as that of the murderer. Even during the night following his crime he is not apt to dream. "The best dreamers are usually tho best thickei'3 r.nd tho best sleepers. -Absence of dreams often is a premoni tory oyniptom of mental aud nervous disease. Diseases which exhaust the organism aud depress the emotions diminish dreaming power. I might also add that women are found to dream more thau men of their own nge unmarried women more than those who havo husbands. "A man once told his son, a small child, where he had deposited his will and where it might be found should he die. The sou grew to mid dle nge before his lather's death. Ho had forgotten about the will, and after worrying about the settlement of the ostato for weeks, dreamed one night that his father appeared and re vealed the hiding place Evidence of witnessos present when the disclos ure was actually made could not con vince him that tho dream was but a rejuvenation of memory. "Dreams are given to ns for a good purpose. Their function is to exer oise regions of the brain left idle in the waking state. They certainly vary the grinding monotony of a uni form, workaday life. There is a tie v theory that premature age may ba hastened by dreamless sleep. The oircumstanoes of each man's life de termine what sort of repose hia con sciousness should enjoy duriug Bleep. Hence, things which iuterest ns most during the waking state seldom onter our dreams." Her Cordial Ileccplloii. A strong-minded woman, albeit sho looked it not, moved iuto a rather lonely suburb and tho house was topsy-turvy from the moving. On the second night the strong-minded wom an was awakened by the light of a dark lantern Bhiniug into her face from the baud of a burglar. It was the last straw, and she sat up in bed and exclaimed with vexaticn: "Well, if you can Aud anything iu this house you're welcome to. it; it's more thau I cau do." The burglar snapped down the slide of his lantern. "Good night," he said, and left the house without touching a thing. New York Commercial Advertiser. the subjeot is made to gazo long aud It VFellnian Had lleuvored the role. Walter Wellraan, the returned Aro tio explorer, has a quaint gift of hu mor, whioh wai happily displayed just before leaving upon his lust trip to the frozen north. A pompous merchant, who does not believe iu Arctio explora tion because it produces no Uuuneiul results, said to the traveler: "Sup posing, after all this trouble and ex pense, you do reach tho North Pole, what will you do then?" , "Why, oomo back again, of course," replied Wcllman. "There really doesu't seem to bo anything else to do." Philadelphia Saturday Evening Post. A nmisrroiu Mootlilnft- to Hleop, In certain pnrt.i of tho Himalaya Mouutaius the native women have a singular way of putting their children to sleep iu the middle of the day. The child is put near a stream of water, aud by moans of a palm leaf tho water is deflected so hs to ruu over the baok of the child's head. The water jpouring on the child's head apparently puts it to sleep. iily THE SABBATH INTERNATIONAL LESSlf . FOR NOVEMsr 1 : Subject: Xehemlah'e Pr,,B!"' Onldeu Text! Neli, Ihil Vernea, 8-10 Coii',J, Uay'e Uiiun. Itt T,u , CONISKCTISO LtSKS. P.j.Ey toryof tbe first restorVtln, people artur ttm. Ual.vlooJ? of t lie btilldlog of Wm'c F81 umlnh name Into .Iiidf,r rer later than Ezra, i,nl la tbe governtn tat t lutre i"1'1 have n further nueouut In Jerusalem, the bmidr'nTw ttia olty, and ulso ot om.'. about. 21 1. "Tbe words of NtJ the narrative or rworj k llsb." Probably ol their r. oi tho royal family of bml'i benrerto Kln Aruxurxa. I" ' capital. This title Impn'1" was a counsellor, statum JTI favorite. For twelve Ju urnor ol Juries, leading t d revival nod rebulldliiK th-s lem. At tbe end of tri j bank to Persia, but ntt?V returned to Jerusalem n,l'.' refitrttie IhMru Afu.v...' - - --. or uo more povernois np.c; by the Persian kluuv but to have beeu left to Him.. tllfrh rtrluata Kaliuml.L.I ual book of the Old Ts. J written." "Month (JhltU L corresponding to tlieeuj t" the beginning of Deonm .l year." Of the reign of iV inauut, who rulfrued. fro: ..'w It was under thin king (I -ijrauted letters to go tol.f" 2. "Hamuli." Hi own r n jic uiiciwaru Kve me t i Jerusalem. Chap. Jerusalem to Shush i!uaunti... r........i 'Jews that had eseiipml,", lautrnrs to which tu u,-blc Jerusalem had beeu expaa (j U. "In the province." i provlnuu of the rersian t r ii unction and reproach." to l'crslu for. e.t itself nn turn. The tribute linnim heavy burden to u poor p.! cruus uau uouijubss bcei, l'ursiau armies. The con;! In open day, and many J A Into slnvory by nightly uf ; corpses of inurdered nienil on the road. "The wall Is broken down." Th had been destroyed liy f more than HO years hefor-u. find their rubbish still Ih-.' were partially rebuilt nB!i 4:12. The uoltfliborliiR ml 1 the rejection of their frleijy. Blstanee by Zernbbabel, w ' still more so by Kzra'n rti luw back to their liome-f'' non-Jewish raoos found 1 Ik: Judea, and nttnaked Jcn.rj tlorce etruKKlea liuj brot. . ly-bullt walls and burnojl O.I 1 1 K 4. "I sat rlottoand wef. ior ine nrsi time a auep, ; people's woes oume "Mourned." Over the people, the desolation ol: reproach upon the nauict Kltlf, wllii.il hurl ltr,,li t estate, whioh had not jrj "Certain days." From Of ' four months, until the i- I grief. "Fasted." A tokc:" iiess of his sorrow. "i'r Drotracted nr.ivnr thnt i the purpose which he seer iy lormed of asking tbu n go to Jerusalem. No such permit had ev ed since Its cestructlon I car. The proclamation ot only the re 6. "Cove fers to O oil's dolluito prou lets to His loving churu more tluin In rtli.il iml 6. "Ear attentive. . . .ey' Thine ear hear our cnnlt'- fully pardon. Let Thin. suffering and mud spe nud nlirht." , His grit! increased nt the thought I existed In spite of Eara'.i ' drew fiom his court iln ihe -'!l:.:. f. 7:1 P shau, o b i-esiruccion i ei iroclamutlon odft?' ebulldlng of ttte WV Bnant n nd mercf," ft 't. time In retirement Iu mus: His prnyer was oft repent of these days of soparatlo at hours of the night ,i Ufmil hours ot daily ira father's house." Nuhein sense of bis Identification: la sin ns in misery. 7. "Havo dealt oorru these sins are nieutlouuil !s it; u; jo; i.zra v:i; i "Thy aominnndmouts," cepts ky which our llveq lated. "Slututei." Win rites and eeromnnles "Judgments." Tho pr relative to our conduct to 8. "If ye transgress." ii tatlon, but n reference snuso of various passnvr: 20:27-80; Dent. 28:45 5J. Ood had fulfilled His wor was a proof that He woui; of nrmnlau 0. "But If je turn unto( turn to sin Ood turns to : we turn to rlghteousun. nieroy. "Yet will I gatlij bnd a place devoted to f 11 when they Wxe content tvpii gave them liberty And rlR-lr, 10. "These are Thy sar devote themselves to do "t Tby people." With whom) covenant. They are thoL those whom Thou bant r Fl.Vnh i'tn wlinm Thnn liu.fl Dy Joshua, by Samson. l) caused to overthrow the All their bUtory shows the bus given them. 11. "Who desire to funr desires are: 1. Constant. Hearty, strong and gro'e the favor of Ood and m n. Itegard the menus of brIv1 Thy servant this day." 11'" as It or King Artaxerxes um to Jerusalem and help i i asked definitely forexactlv' "Meroy In tbe sight of thM -' Nebeuileti bad decided tt. reproach of Jerusalem he person, mat to do so h king's permission. To gi lie must be in sprclal In urua t lia blnrr's on r,ti.itrir ofllcer, huving charge of Id royal household, ntandlu side at meals, and tastiuK U that it was not poisoned. ' "Teachings.' Love IQ I should prompt Vis to lnqj , teres!. Wheu Ood's pool with them. The wisest c lu tliuesof sorrow Is to aeelejv We should never blame 01 ' If lief IbvJl ih relations betwr the United Statos m closer than those of other wis tern iiowe-. herself from the lotbu teristiu of orh ntul uu' accomplished a marvel terprise. In her euV herHelf among the grH should recoive every especially Irom Ainein her relations buve ul' friendly and villi win likely to be brought coutuct through trudo pines. Three stanch crui added to the Navy, Spanish ships Islu de 1 Cuba and Don Juan d' liinko six shins of v Navy by capture, uot i jj small gunboats aud a The largest oue is the raised at Santiago i4 equipped for sorvice.