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The Fulton County news. [volume] (McConnellsburg, Pa.) 1899-current, December 28, 1899, Image 4

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FULTON COUNTY NEWS.
Published Every Thursday.
13. W. Feck, Editor.
McCONNELLSBURG, PA.
Thursday, Dec. 28, 1899.
Published Weekly. 1.00 per
Annum in Advance.
Prompt attention will be
given to applications for ad
vertisimr rates.
Job Printing of every des
cription executed with prompt
ness, in a workmanlike manner
and at consistent prices.
ANDREW CARNF.GIE.
Howl Made My First 1000.
Chooso at riiudom almost any
solf-mado American millionaire,
get if you can liis real life-story,
and in studying it you will find
that the hardest part of the work
of building a great fortune is the
laying of the foundation, the
first $1000.
Andrew Carnegie, for instance,
spent perhaps the best years of
his life accumulating his first
$1000, years of hard, constant
work. He began saving pennies
at the age of twelve, but not un
til he was thirty did ho stand
forth owing no man and owning
1000.
On the tweuty-fifth of Novem
ber last Mr. Carnegie celebrated
his sixty-first birthday by mak
ing himself a present of a $1,000,
000 plot of ground, two blocks
long, on Fifth Avenue. Here he
intends to spend another $1,000,
000 building a "plain, roomy,
comfortable home," to be present
ed to his daughter ' two years
hence.
Since that proud day thirty
one years ago when he deposited
the thousandth dollar, the corner-stone
of his present $2"),000,
000 fortune, in the bank at Pitts
burg, Mr. Carnegie has become
the largest manufacturer and ex
porter of steel products, and one
of the largest employers in this
country.
The steel and coke companies
of which he is the head, and, as
such, the controller of $(50,000,
000 capital, include seven distinct
plants within seven miles of Pitts
burg, and 40,000 acres of coal
lands in the Counellsville district.
He employs 1",000 men in the
steel works, in mines and in trans
lortation. His monthly pay-roll
exceeds 1,U'3,)00, or nearly $."0,
000 for each working day.
Orator and essayist, he is be
sides, the author of three books
of noticeable success. Vexed if
called a philanthropist, he has
given Pittsburg a $1,000,000 li
brary, and has promised to spend
$4,000,000 more in the city in
which he has made his fortune.
For libraries in other Pennsyl
vania towns ho has given another
1,000,000, and to Scotland, his
native land, half a million.
"Everything conies to him who
works while ho waits" is one of
Mr. Carnegie's mottoes. Wait
ing, but working meanwhile,
he began laying up his first $1,000
while making 1,20 a week as
"bobbin-boy" ia a cotton-mill in
Allegheny City. His father,
mother, younger brother and
himself, the family, had just
come from Scotland, and had
hardly got th )ir two-room house
"to rights" when "Andy"
brought in his first contribution
to the family earnings. But the
lad of twelve was doing a grown
man's work, ihidiug his way to
the mill and beginning on his bob
bin while it was still dark outside,
every morning except Sunday,
and working until after dark
every evening, with only forty
minutes iuterval at noon.
Seven steps above this, eight
steps in all, he had to climb be
fore ho finally putthatthousandth
dollar in bank.
The fcecoud step was made in
his thirteenth year. He became
a dummy-engine tender in a bob
bin factory, also in Allegheny
City. Hut his work there was
even harder than in the cotton
mill; for he was put to firing the
b jiler in the cellar, as well as to
tjuding tho little engine which
ran the machinery.
The full responsibility of keep
ing the water at tho right tern
jMruture, and of running that
little engine, the danger of milk
ing one mistake that would bring
the building crashing down upon
him ; he stood the strain and this
worry very bravely, for one reas
on, namely; that he was contrib
uting 2.")0 a week toward the ex
penses of the Carnegiehousehold.
Even then ho managed to keep
out a few pennies every week for
himself, and, instead of spending
them, put them away in a bureau
drawer that was all his own.
After mou ths in thecellar ho was
at last promoted to the office, and
his income increased to three
dollars a week. As he was skill
ful with figures, and could write
a legible, schoolboy hand, he be
came his employer's only clerk,
making out bills and keeping
crude accounts, Thus he stood
firmly on the third step, and nick
els instead of pennies were de
posited in the bureau drawer
bank.
The fourth step, at the age of
fourteen, brought him into a now
realm. The family had moved to
Pittsburg, and here ho found a
"job" as messenger boy. A
stranger in the city, his great
anxiety was that he might lose
his position because he knew so
little about the name and address
es of tho men for whom telegrams
came jxiuring in.
He spent the evenings, there
fore, wandering up and down the
streets, and before long he could
start at the head of any given
street and, with his eyes shut,
name every firm on either side all
the way down. He was now earn
ing only a percentage on each
message delivered or called for.
When, at the end of the week, the
amount exceeded $3.50 he added
the surplus to the fund iu the
drawer; when less, he drew on
the private bank to make up the
deficit.
While he sat on the bench in
the office, waiting his turn, the
other boys talked, but "Andy"
listened to the click of the tele
graph instrument. At last one
of the men taught him the mys
terious alphabet, and very soon
he became one of the very few
persons in the United States who
could take messages by ear, at
that time extraordinary.
This led to his taking the fifth
step. He was made an operator,
and his salary became enormous,
$2") a month. With this he
could and would take almost en
tire care of the whole family. But
how was he to pay the bills and
save money even a little, at the
same time?
One evening, reading as usual,
he came across the words "extra
compensation for extra work."
He began thinking'. The six news
papers in Pittsburg were receiv
ing their telegraphic news in com
mon. Six copies of each dispatch
were made by the operator at the
next table, who received six dol
lars a week for the work. The
next day the ambitious young
Carnegie told the six-dollar man
that he, "Andy," would copy the
dispatches for one dollar a week.
The offer was accepted, and thus
a hundred cents a week went into
the bureau drawer.
One day a locomotive came bel
lowing over new tracks into a
new station, bringing the first
train over the Pennsylvania Hail
road into Pittsburg. The Super
intendent rushed over to the tele
graph office, and gave Carnegie a
message to wire to the General
Manager at Altoona.
The operator, who was then on
ly sixteeu, clicked of the message
as fast as the Superintendent
talked. Later, when the Penn
sylvania 'trung a wire of its
own, that Superintendent chose
"Andy" as "clerk and operator,"
and subsequently as train-dis
patcher, at $!!.") a month.
What a fortune was this to come
with his sixth step upward ! The
family, with money from other
sources, was doing nicely with his
:J00 a year; but herju was $120,
tremendous sum ! One Satur
day night the hoard in the draw
er was augmented by a whole
two-dollar bill, later by a crisp
five-dollar note, and finally 10
were deposited in a lump. Thus,
by dint of "Andy's"' persistent
work did the Carnegie family
rise.
With tho seventh stop Andrew
Carnegie became a shareholder
in tho Adams Express Company.
and for tho first time ho earned
money by other means than work
Ho was told .that a man had died
who owned ten shares of the Ex
press Company stock, and that
shares could bo had for 0 each.
Carnegie.tlieu past twenty, jump
ed at the opportunity. But how
was he to get the 000?
lie went home, and the family,
in joint session, decided that the
brave sou must be given a start.
They had bought a home in order
to save rent. Mr. Carnegie's
recollection is that the house cost
$H00; anyway, they mortgaged it,
and thus, with what "Andy "took
from his bureau drawer, the 000
worth of shares were paid for in
cash. The Express Company
was then paying monthly divi
dends of one per cent. The day
on which he received his check
for tho first two months' dividend
"Andy" understood that he was
a capitalist.
Mr. Carnegie remained with
the Pennsylvania Railroad for
thirteen years. The important
incident, the eighth step, which
led to "his first $1000," occurred
on a train as it rushed toward
Altoona. A tall gaunt man, who
looked like a farmer, came and
sat beside Mr. Carnegie, and
handed him a model of the first
sleeping-car. The tall, gaunt man
was Mr, Woodruff. Instantly
Carnegie understood its value.
Ho took it to his employer and
friend, the Superintendent of the
road, and a contract was made
with the inventor, who thereu)on
offered Carnegie a share in the
enterprise. He accepted; but to
his dismay he was told that his
first monthly payment would be
$217.50.
Perplexed yet determined, he
went to the local banker, who
knew hiin well, and boldly asked
for tho loan, declaring that he
would return the money in small
monthly payments. The banker
agreed, and Mr. Carnegie signed
his first note.
The receipts from his sleeping
car investment more than covered
his monthly payments due at the
bank, and within two years An
drew Carnegie, free of debt, had
to his credit iu that bank his first
$1000.
WEIGHT OF KAFIR CORN.
SENATOR DEPEW'S SEAT.
Chauncey Depew will probably
feel much at home in the senate,
it has been announced that a seat
has already been selected for him,
and its location has been given,
but the important significance of
the selection has not been remark
ed. The greatest delicacy and
regard for the fitness of things is
always observed in matters per
taining to the arrangements of
the senate.
The habits of many dinners
cling lovingly about the new sen
ator from New York. If he had
been given a remote seat in the
senate chamber, along the outer
edge or grouped with tho com
mon assemblage, he would have
felt out of place. The seat of
honor is always his at table.
There is no seat of honor in the
senate or all are seats of honor
but long continued custom has
its influence upon the mind, and
he ,was given a seat, therefore,
just at the right of the presiding
officer, where ho is sure to be at
home.
This delicacy of consideration
was carried even further. Ho
was surrounded by a group of
tho most gifted and brilliant talk
ers in the senate, among whom
he will shine forth as a star of
most peculiar brilliancy. As
sembled about him will be For
aker, Sponer, Beveridgo and
Kean, and tho little triangular
section, at the right of tho vice
president will be known as the
temple of eloquence.
Spooner and Foraker were re
garded as tho best speakers in
the senate duriug the last con
gress. Beveridge's reputation
as an orator is national, and he
sailed into ' the senate on the
wings of eloquence by a quicker
flight than Depew. Kean is an
elegant, smooth and poetic talker,
who charms by the softness of
his speech, elevates by his xetio
fancy and thrills by an outburst
of eloquence at tho close. Though
he and Beveridgo, as well as De
pew, will on the assembling of
congress, appear for the first
time in the senate, they will not
come as strangers.
With such environments De
pew's time in the senate promises
to pass as agreeably as an end
less round of dinners all at the
K)oech making period -of tho re
past. Washington Star.
One man is probably just as
good as another, but he usually
considers himself a lUtlo bettor.
We are indebted to Prof. John
W. Fields, Director of the Okla
homa Experiment Station, for
the following article on Kafir
corn. It is a leading crop in
some sections of the west. We
saw a nice lot growing on the
farm of Eli M. Peck near Emma
ville, this county, a year or two
ago. From the appearance of
that, there would not seem to be
any reason why tho farmers of
Fulton county might not produce
it to advautage.
"A bushel of Kafir corn, fairly
well cleaned, weighs 5(5 pounds,
and this is the legal weight adopt
ed in Kansas; but this point has
not been passed upon in Oklaho
ma. The above is pretty gener
ally known, but what weight of
heads is neccessary to make a
bushel of grain, and how to ascer
tain tho amount of grain in the
heads by measurements are ques
tions very frequently asked. The
last two questions are not so eas
ily answered and considerable
judgment must bo exercised in
each case in determining the
proper answers. Are the heads
with stems from eight to twelve
inches long, containing more or
less leaves, or are they cut close
and free of trash':' Are the
heads, to bo measured, lying loose
in a box, or have they been
tramped in or settled by a long
hauiy Refering to data obtained
in thrashing out several hundred
bushels of Kafir corn from weigh
ed heads, and extending through
several seasons, the percentage
of grain in a hundred pounds of
heads varies from 20 to !35 per
cent. This would mean from
seventy-five to eighty pounds of
heads are required to produce a
bushel of grain. Tho average
runs about i() per cent., or eighty
pounds of heads to produce a
bushel of grain. The maximum
amount was obtained in a case
where the heads were extra
large1 and well developed, cut
close and well cured. The mini
mum amount of grain was ob
tained where the heads were
rather small with long stems, and
not well cured having some
leaves among them. The past
fall the station has received some
200 bushels of Kafir corn in the
heads, and the heads were weigh
ed before and the 'grain after
thrashing. Eighty pounds of the
heads were required to produce
fifty-six pounds of grain, with
very little variation.
"Roughly, every two inches in a
common box, "120 inches by 30
inches by 41 inches deep," con
tained one bushel of grain. This
determination was made with but
one man's Kafir, consisting of
seven loads. In this case it was
tramped in the wagon as loaded,
and then hauled several miles."
An old citizen of Juniata county
tells the MifHiuburg Herald a
story of the old pine tree in the
Concord Narrows that once mark
ed the place of meeting of the
four counties of Franklin, Huntingdon,-
Juniata and Perry. A
sturdy Path Valley teamster had
his watch stolen and afterward
caught the thief in the Narrows
near the tree that then marked
the corners of the four counties.
Tying the culprit to the tree, the
teamster proceeded to castigate
him, walking around it while the
operation went on. Thus the
whipping was administered in
four counties.' The whijpee aft
erward tried to prosecute the
whipper in all four counties, but
succeeded in none. Another
story from the same source, is
that of a man mimed Leaston who
lived in a house iu the same neigh
borhood, partly in Franklin and
partly in Perry county. A Fan
nett township constable tried to
serve a warrant on Leaston, but
he stepped from his dining room
in Franklin county to his kitchen
in Perry and was safe.
SERVES HIM RIGHT.
Two appeals have been filed in
the office of the Clerk of the
Courts of Franklin county,
against the extension of the bor
ough of Mercersburg, provided
for by an ordinance recently
passed by the council of that bor
ough. Tho plot for the new
lines were tiled on Nov. 21st by
II. II. Spangler, Esq., attorney
for the borough. The appeals by
J. C. Reed, whose paper is signed
by a dozen other property own
ers, and from John F. Snyder.
The appeals are from freeholders
whose property would bo taken
into tho borough by tho enlarge
ment of the limits.
Old Jealousy, editor of a news
paper published up north, growls
because a young couple kissed
and hugged each other at mid
night in the passenger depot iu
his town "right before a lot of
unwilling spectators" who were
waiting for a train, and says they
were Ilobsonizing each other.
"Great ginger!" exclaims one of
our exchanges in commenting
ujwn the incident. What are
young people for anyway t If
the spectators were 'unwilling'
why didn't they put their hands
over their fiiees and look through
their lingers' Why didn't they
go outside and give the young
folks a chance? He says the hug
ging and kissing were disgust
ing, but we don't believe it. It
was delightful and we'll bet on it.
Then tho pessimist threatens to
give tho names of the couple in
print. We never saw the editor,
but we picture him as a lank,
dried up, wizened-faced, cadaver
ous galoot, an old bachelor or a
tyrant of a husband. Hook-nosed,
green-eyed, bald-headed, one
leg shorter than the other, one
shoulder down, eats onions and
smokes cubebs. Must have been
raised on a bottle. We'll bet the
dogs are afraid of him. Kicking
iu the nineteenth century be
cause the train was late. Sup
pose the train hadn't come at all'
Suppose that poor couple had to
stay in the depot two weeks
waiting for a train? Going to
have them sit back like bumps on
a log, eye each other and never
show their love, just because an
old warped, leather-lunged editor
with egg on his chin and cold pan
cake in his craw was one 'unwill
ing spectator,' ain't ye? Don't
understand the inscrutable fas
cination of surreptitious oscula
tory co-operative juxtaposition,
doyou? Never palpitated tumult
uously owing to the opalescent
scintillation of a pair of unso
phisticated cerulean blue optics,
did ye? Never indulged in noc
turnal responsive, interchange
able hallucinatory embracing,
did ye? Don't understand the
intricate peregrinations and met
aplasm psychic investigation and
inebriant sinuosity of human te
lepaftiy, can ye? Oh, no, you old
impecunious, rhombohedra, iras
cible, antiquated, inexorable ca
luniinating quill jabber! You
peevish old villifying, diabolical,
acrimonious ink slinger! You
satirical, old pig-headed, insidi
ous, hollow-chested Cape Cod
traducer! Confound it, why
couldn't you let 'em hug?" Win
dom Reporter.
Philadelphia is in high feather.
She has captured the Republican
national convention. Chicago is
correspondingly despondent, and
her newspapers are voicing the
cheap witted utterances of jeal
ousy that indicate a narrow nat
ure. The convention will meet
June lilth and its sessions will be
held in the big auditorium of the
National Exiort Exposition,
which will be enlarged so as to
seat 15,000 people. The Repub
licans declare that they feel so
sure of victory that they can af
ford to have the convention in a
Republican state. It is of groat
advantage also to the administra
tion to have the meeting so near
the capitol. The ticket is prac
tically made up, although thero
may be some kind of a slip on the
vice presidency. Mr. McKinley
will bo renominated for presi
dent and Elihu Root, secretary
of war, is scheduled to be named
for vice president. The platform
will be largely upon lines laid
down in the president's message.
The day after tho selection for
the place of meeting was made
the Philadelphia hotels were del
uged with applications for rooms,
some delegations calling for en
tiro floors, the Associated Press
securing thirty rooms and one
New York newspaper alone more
than that number. Headquar
ters will be established at the
Hotel Walton.
Tho high hats are a great trial
to men behind them iu tho thea
ter, but a great convenience to
tho men who are behind them in
church, when they want to take
a quiet little nap.
Wood tar is still made as it was
in 400 B. C. A bark is chosen
and a hole dug, into which the
wood is placed, covered with turf.
A fire is lighted underneath, and
the tar slowly drips iato barrels
to receive it.
ILK
t
.THE
WORI
For the Holiday
Tlie
Bi
If you want
An Elegant Cheap Suii 0
we are making them. Hands to make six a'
suits every week, and we are making them chroK
better than ever.
Our Suiting and Pantaloon assortments
large. After all it pays to have suits madei th
to order, although our Ready-made IClothin.lanc
larger than ever and we sell more. k, p
If you want anything from a Hat down, in fB v
Furnishing line we have it. Call. d s
1
A. U. NACE & SO
i no:
lie p!
fart
com
5eL
j Wonderful Varletyg
0 " M.M l
ry IN Ice Designs from $1.29 to 9,2
t m
fiv
(et
ick
C COUCHES AND LOUNGES, large stof tin
pretty patterns, nice and comfortable 1
0 i C(l
g Some very handsome new SIDEBOARDS
O den Oak. 9th
O 5bi
as nn
OliAlCUMUll lttUICb ttUU U
'0 Morris Chairs, daj
SJ New lot of Ladies' Desks, $3.50, and Up. t
S Dressing Tables, Parlor Tables, 1p 1
JJ Plant Stands, Clothes Poles, India Seats, ;the
55 w ;
. Piano Benches and Stools, Easfke j
5 And a great variety of Household Furniture,!01
0 you will find nowhere else in this sectkler
1 H, SIERER & CCL
Furniture Makers on Queen Strc,eor
CHAMBERSBURCcat
0 T 0000
f0 A0XM K0X00
0000M 0J0X0.00ji'H
ESTABLISHED 1830.
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