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FULTON COUNTY NEWS.
Published Every Thursday. 13. VV. Peck, Editor. McCONNELLSBURG, PA. CONUNDRUMS. statics runi.ir. schools. Thursday, Jan. 4, 1900. Published Weekly. 1.00 per Annum in Advance. Prompt attention will be given to applications for ad vertising rates. Job Printing of every des cription executed with prompt ness, in a workmanlike manner and at consistent prices. I-LICITINC SYMPATHY. A. CAMPHKl.L MCKIIIMN. Oh! why this remorsefulness, This strange hallucination, As the waking from u dream, I pray? Speak! ye cursed reflectors Of a horrible vision, Rreuk this soul-scorching gleam To-day. Why should I be punished By. such terrible torture, And suffer agony untold, In sorrow? Most horrible existence Where pleasure- ift Mowers Their sweet petals unfold To-morrow. "Come weal,-come woe," For I am desperate, My heart is now aching, And tender. I entreat your sympathy, And kind commiseration, For unfortunately breaking My suspender. JOHN HOKSi: 3R YLARS OLD. Over , in the delightful neigh borhood of Willow Hill, iii Frank lin county, siiys the Chambers burg Public Opiuiou, can be found, perhaps the oldest horse in the Cumberland Valley. His name is John and is owned by David Flickinger) a gentleman who firmly believes in the Scrip tural injunction "A merciful man is merciful unto his beasts." John Horse is now about 33 years old, is a dark roan weigh ing about 1300 pounds. Mr. Flickinger who has owned him all his life, has never known him to have refused a single meal. His master is very liberal in his distribution of food to all of his domestic animals, which is cer tainly one of the reasons of the longevity of his beasts. When a colt and old enough to be harnessed, Mr. Flickinger, knowing John" to bo strong and as active as any Scotch-Irish boy ill his neighborhood, feared to undertake the job alone or ac quainting him with the duties that lie would bo exacted to per form in after life, and called to his assistance, A. M. Welker, and in a few hours, John was the idol of the owner as well as that of his good neighbor. John Horse has seen many a kindred horse come and go, and has done more service at the plow, harrow, mower, rake, wag on, cart, buggy and uuder the saddle, than auy two horses in the township. His master has decided that he has carried his full share of burdens and has put him on the retired list, only to be used when he iiuds some thing that none of his other horses can perform. When death shall claim his carcass, Mr. Flickinger will give it a sac red spot on his farm and see that his' grave is kept green. David and Johu have been almost inseparable friends. It will be a sad day when one or the other is dead. David would mourn for John and John would pine, for David. . There is no other domestic an imal so useful as the horse. The nativity of the horso is not known, but it was most probably first brought under the subjec tion of man in. central Asia or1 in the part of northern Africa adja cent to Nubia and Abyssinia. America has taken advantages of the best breeds of the old world, and can compare favorably with any couutryj her trotting horses have no superiors in their pecu liar gait. We believe that the horses live longer in the United States than in any other country, and the reasou must bo that their owners, being the most civilized and humane, are the best keep ers and protectors. Can any one tell lis of a horse that is older thus John of Metal? . What ship is it that no woman objects to embark in? Court ship. What is that which is full of holes aud yet holds water? A sponge. What lock must be lookod for out of doors on the ground? Hemlock. Why is the letter S likely to prove dangerous in argument? Because it turns words into s-Words. What kind of sickle is most seen in winter?, Ico sickle. What lock requires the atten tion of a physician? Lock-jaw. What is the worst seat a man can sit on? Self-conceit. Why is a clock the most mod est piece of furniture? Because it covers its face with its hands, and runs down its own works. What robe is that which you do not weave, you caunot buy, no one can sell, needs no washing, and lasts forever? Kobeof Right eousness. Why is a hive like a spectator at a show? Because it is a bee holder. Why is a pig the most extraord inary animal of creation? Be cause you first kill him and then cure him. Why are ships called she? Be cause they always keep a man on the lookout. What is the finest ship in the world? Friend-ship. Why is a proud woman like a music book? Because she is full of airs. Why cauuota deaf man be legal ly convicted? Because it is un lawful to coudemn a man without hearing. , What is the difference between a schoolmaster and a railroad con ductor? One trains the mind and the other minds thetraiu. What kind of essence does a young man like when he pops the question? Acquiescence. ' What is the difference between an auction and sea sickness? One is the sale of effects, the oth er the effects of a sa il. Why are ladies the biggest thieves in existence? Because they steel their petticoats, bone their stays, crib their babies, and hook their dresses. . Why is a woman mending her stockings deformed? Because her hands are where her feet be long. Why should the sea make a bet ter housekeeper than the earth? Because the earth is exceedingly dirty, and the sea is very tidey, Why is a chicken-pie like a gun sinith's shop? Because it con tains fowl-in-pieces. Where is happiness and con tentment always to be found? In the dictionary. What things increase the moro you contract them? Debts. What dust is the most blinding to the eyes? Gold dust. What is that which makes everybody sick but those who swallow it? Flattery. Which is the strongest day of the seven? . Sunday, because the others are week days. What is that the more we cut it the longer it becomes? A ditch What is the pain we make light of? A window pane. Why should a man never tell his secrets in a corn-field? Be cause it has so many ears. What is tlio difference between a young lady and a mouse? The one charms the he's and the oth er harms the cheose. When is a blow from a lady welcome? When she strikes you agreeably. If yon were to ride upon a don key, what fruit would you resem ble? A pear (pair). It has been asked, when rain falls, does it ever get up again? Of course, it does, in dew time. What kind of a plant does a duck of a man resemble? Mandrake. What is the severest blow to intelligence office? Pierre Blot. What sickle ought the old year to carry? Icicle. . What is the most iopular cure among jKiliticians? Sinecure. Why is Athens like a worn-out shoe? Because it once had a So lon. , For what reasons does a duck go under the water? For divers reasons. For what reasons does she come out? For sun-dry rea sons. For what reasons does a fisher man blow his horn? For selfish reasons. What great city is like a habit ual drunkard? Berlin, because it is always on a spree. (Berlin is on the river Spree.) FignVcs From the Report of Sup erintendent Schacffer. The report of the Department of Public Instruction for the fis cal year ended May 31 last, Iho advance sheets of which have just been issued, shows that there are nearly 2H,(KM) public schools in Pennsylvania. These schools are attended by 1,1."-, 3."U pupils, an increase of nearly 10,000 in the number of pupils in attend ance in 1M!IH. Dr. Schacffer states that the law passed by the last Legisla ture fixing the maximum school term at seven mouths brings an additional mouth of schooling within reach of over L'00,000 chil dren. He expresses the hope that at no distant day the increas ed revenues of the State Treas ury will warrant the restoration of the State appropriatiou of &.", 500,000, and that when this time comes a liberal sum will bo set apart for the promotion of town ship high schools. Dr. Schacffer adds that the Compulsary Educa tion law is working satisfactorily, and suggests that supplemental legislation is needed to the act requiriugthevacciuationof school children. In Philadelphia, the report shows, there are 193 male aud 3, 278 female teachers. The aver ago monthly salary of male teach ers is $107.21 and that of the women $03.11. The number of pupils in school at the end of the year was 140,302, and the aver age attendance was 12H,28r. The cost of school houses and re pairs for the year was $832,1)23. !)(), and for books, fuel, stationary aud contingencies, $"))!, 014.50. The report contains these sta tistics of the schools of the State. Number of school districts, '2, 403; number of schools, 27,i)0M; number of graded schools, 1 11,5)05; number of superintendents, 140; number of male teachers, 51,300; number of female teachers, 15), 4 05); average salaries of male teach ers, per mouth, $41.27; average salaries of female teachers, per mouth,$37.84; whole number of pupils, 1,132,352; average num ber of pupils in daily attendance, 858,177; cost of school houses purchasing, building, renting, etc., $3,5051,820.5)4; teachers' wa ges, $10, 745), 713.38;costof school textbooks, $782, 235.51;' cost of school supplies other than text books, $40K,140.30- fuel, contin gencies, feesof collectors and oth er expenses, $4,75)8,852.82; total expenditures, $20, 30H, 708. 5)5 es timated value of school property, 40,491,585.55). Living Words of the Dead Evan gelist, Moody. A man must believe himself lost before he can bo saved. No sinner ever came to Christ but the devil tried to trip him up on the way. No man can resolve himself in to heaven. If you wish to possess love for God's word, study it diligently, and so become like an artesian well overflowing with the water of life to refresh thirsty souls. A great many people think they have been born again because they go to church. Let me say that there is no one that goes to church so regularly as Satan. When a man is thought much of in this world, it is quite likely Christ won't have much to say for him in the next world. We are naturally all bad. Who would be willing to have his or her heart photographed, with all its thoughts and passions brought to view? If the water in the well is poisoned you do not try to rem edy it by pulling out the pump. Abraham K. Lefever, a Lancas ter county farmer, died from hydrophobia Tuesday, the result of a cat bi.te. One morning in September Mr. Lefever went to his stable to feed his stock. When ho reached into the feed box his hand came iu contact with a cat. Ho stroked the ani mal gently, but. the cat turned and bit him in the hand. Lefever tried to shako the cat off, but it held viciously to his hand and ho was obliged to throw it to the barn floor and tramp on it until it was dead. When a kid glove begins to cut at the Angers' ends, usually just over the nail, insert a piece of kid to match fin the inside. IMMIGRATION AND PROSPERITY. One of the unwelcome results of prosperity is the increase of immigration of the undesirable kind. Every period of prosper ity in the past has raised the tide of immigration to tho flood and every period of business depres sion has turned it to an ebb. One of the periods of greatest prosperity this country saw last ed from 1809 to the middle of 1873, and immigration rose then iu one year to 459,803, tho high est figure it had reached up to that time. Another period of prosperity spanned the years from 1880 to 1884, and again im migration rose to unprecedented figures, reaching the enormous number of 788,95)2 in 1882. Still another immigration flood occur red iu the six prosperous years from 18HH to 185)3, high tide be ing reached in 1892 when 023, 084 immigrants came to this country. It is probable that the country is on the eve of another such im migration flood, although the to tals may not reach the figures of 1882 and 1892. This increaso of immigration would be a welcome sign if the people coming to the United States were of the class that adds to its iutelligence and sturdy labor force. This is not the fact, however. The Commis sioner of Immigration at New York in discussing the increas ing immigration said ' to the "Tribnne" of that city a few days ago: "A rather discouraging feature of tho outlook is that al most the entire increase this year over last comes from Austria-Hungary and Italy. More over, the immigrants coming are from the poorest and most illiter ate sections of those two coun tries. The Austriaus coming are from the southern and eastern parts of that country from Croatia, Kraine, Dalmatia, Bos nia, Herzegovina and Montene gro. The men are warlike but lazy, compelling the women in many localities to support the family, plough the fields, get the fuel and do all the drudgery. The greater percentage of Ital ians coming are from tho south em part of that country, the Sicilians and Neapolitans pre dominating." This is the unwelcome feature of tho immigration outlook. It shows that the tendency appar ent in recent years is still in force if it is not steadily increasing. In the decade from 1841 to 1850 only 1870 immigrants came to this country from Italy. But each decade since has shown a large increase, the total reaching 307,095 in the decade from 1881 to 1890. And it is probable that at the close of the present fiscal year on June 30, 1900, a still larger Italian immigration will be shown for the present decade. The same general facts are true of the immigrationfromHuugary, Austria, Russia and Poland. What a load of ignorance and poverty this kind of immigration is imposing on the country can bo seen from the following table compiled by the New York Com missioner of Immigration con cerning immigrants arriving at that port: Race or people. Vuvt uKiiese. . . . Soulli liulluu' I.ithiiuiiluuN.... ItUtlU'liiuUX SvriuuH l'i.llh Slovak Per cent, or UlitermeK. M.H4 w.-i ; :w.44 HRI7 V.2l W.M Sfi.SU Money per uupittt. K.47 H.1'1 H.tW l'.5 ih.:ii 10.1.1 18. as This showing becomes all the moro striking when contrasted with tho small percentage of il literates and the larger average of money of immigrants from the following countries: Unco or people. KiiKlUh Kreuuh Urunuu Seoteh Suuudluuvlun., Per cent. Money of illllemteN. pereiipltu ...... SSI ).H7 3.i:i llh.dl 2.70 -Itl.-.'ft l.Wi SII.NI U.llft IK. 7b It is hardly possible that auy intelligent person can compare these two tables, and reflect that tho larger number of immigrants are from the class shown in the first table, without coming.to the conclusion that new and more rigid restrictions governing im migration uro necessary. It is true that all the undesirable im migration is not coming this way. A good share of it is going to tho Argentines, as is shown by the classfication of immigrants arriv ing at Bueuos Ayres during last October. Their nativity was as follows: Italians 7438, Spaniards 195)0, French 315, British 32, Germans 04, Austriaus 88, Bel gians 17, Swiss 41, Danes 17, Swedes 7, Dutch 8, Americans 13, Russians 82, Portuguese 5, Turks 547, Syrians 13, various 17. But the Argentines are so eag er for immigrants that they are willing to accept any class. Tho United States, however, has long since passed beyond that period. The time has,. come to pick and choose, and to refuse to-permit this country to bo made tho dumping ground for tho ignor ance, tho poverty and the crime of Europe. The present session of Congress should see a law passed on this subject, the rigid enforcement of which will save the United States from future trouble. Philadelphia Press. FAMOUS TROOPS DEFEATED. The names of some of the regi ments composing tho British for ces in South Africa recall great chapters iu the world's history. "The flower of the army" is a trite and time-worn phrase, but applies with unusual aptness to the men who are battling against the Boers. There, for instance, are three regiments of guards the Grenadiers, tho Coldstream s and the Scots, all in Lord Methu en's command. The origin of these organiza tions dates back for hundreds of years. The Grenadiers wdu re nown at Blenheim, and again at Ramillies, Oudeheim and Malpla duet, under tho great Marlbor ough. They took - part in the fighting iu America during the Revolution, in the Peninsular campaign and at Waterloo, where they helped Wellington to admin ister the final crushing blow to Napoleon. They fought at Inker man in the Crimean war aud at Tel-el-Kebir and Suakim in the Arabi Pasha Egyptian rebellion. The Coldstream guards were organized by General Monk in 10 00, and have a record of valor and efficiency running through many wars. They participated in most of the important campaigns conducted by British command ers from the Peninsula and to the Crimea, and made their name fa mous throughout Europe. They were also among tho British troops sent to America during the Revolution and were in tho en gagements which occurred near New York. The Scots guards have been well known for many generations. They date back to the wars be tween England aud Scotland. They fought at Fontenoy in 1745, at White Plains and on Long Is land in the American Revolution ary war, at Alma, Inkerman aud Sebastopol in the Crimea and on many other occasions. These three regiments form the infantry portion of what is known as the Household brigade, and have always been given fav ored positions in times of peace, being stationed in London and forming the guard for royalty. They are tho very elite of the ar my and their officers are largely men of title, members of noble families and of high social posi tion. The Scot guards at present are commanded by Col. Alfred H. Paget, who married the daugh ter of Mrs. Parau Stevens, of New York. Other famous regiments with General Methuen are Highland ers first and foremost the Black Watch, organized iu 1008 and having a history of bravery in nearly every part of tho world; the Gordon, Seaforth, Argyll aud Sutherland Highlanders, all re nowned on many bloody battle fields. When the Boers can meet aud defeat such troops as theso the world must freely admitthoprow ess of Afrikanders. Fort Wayne Sentinel. DICKEYS MOUNTAIN. II. B. Atkinson aud wife, of "Mercersburg, spent Christinas with Mrs. Atkinson's parents, Mr. and Mrs. B. R. Simpson. Tho Christmas entertainment at Antioch was well attended. S. L. Simpson and Roy M. Daniels spent a very pleasant evening witli J. C. Comerer's family recently. Our school at Bald Eagle is get ting along finely. II. W. Wiuk is the teacher. E. A. Weaver, who has been some time with B. R. Simpson's family, spent Christmas with his parents at Fayetteville. Messrs. Hewitt & Pittman are sawing a largo contract of lumber for Mr. Bridges. Charles Funk spent Christmas at Dickey's Mountain. 0 tr ill rm i n r e. .t r t ROCKING CHAf" J Very IN Ice Designs from I.JlS to h COUCHES AND L()UN(iHS, hire S)ala1 pretty patterns, nice and comfortaK;t y O ' ' 5 Some very handsome new SII)EH()AKlcoi den Oak. & ; la . Cr tthi .ebl AVorrls Chairs, v t ar JC New lot of Ladies' Desks, $3.50, and Up. ea : Dressing Tables, Parlor Table H g Plant Stands, Clothes Poles, India Seats, q Piano Benches and Stools, E;wh O And a great variety of Household Furnitur!ed Extension Tables and C 0 you will find nowhere else in this secm i be e CO H. SIERER & Cf, Furniture Makers on Queen Strjf CHAMBERSBURfjii ,00p0 00000000 000000, JOl( 0000JI00'000'K000 000X0.00HjOgt rop ere ESTABLISHED 1830. PUBLIC LEDGER PHILADELPHIA, PA. tfg: e a .r t Prints all the News that is fit to pijj -I Tho PUBLIC LEDGER is first of all a Nkwspapku Biv sen the day classified and In complete form, it is free from nnyil 64 fend the intelligence or sensibilities of the most exacting, i tt Its News Dkhahtmknt includes special correspondent portant cities and towns in Pennsylvania, New Jkhsk'v To which is added a we ekly loiter on tho ('inusriAN Enu;:av Key. Floyd W. Tomkinm, D. D., which appears in SATiiti1"' A WEKKLY LETTKU FUOM LONDON" HY AUNOIJ) WHITE, one o!'? men on English affairs; also LliTTKKS FUOM THE chief t'Al'i:Br The Satukday Ishue is a great compendium of even I life; a book in itself with reading mutter to suit every tastp ' ,e-t Special Offer to Ledger Readers, s i THE PUBLIC LEDGER offers to its readers i'" a 2(i weeks subscription, and the payment of title, of the LEDGER'S UNRIVALED ATLAS OF Tilt, j. ATLAS has been specially prepared for the l'L'UI. Rand McNally & Co., New Yohk and Chicau j j the best works of its kind ever offered to tho pub!: THE UNRIVALED ATLAS OF THE WOl'-foc pages, elegantly printed on fine calendered ptiiei th bound in English cloth, with handsome gold sitlejS ( 11 Inches. ' Bit How to get the Atlas, Forward the price of 20 weeks subscription, pt. WI to the LEDGER and the mime of your nearest e.v; by Atlas will bo forwarded by express, or if you aivof press ollice include 52 cents for mailing and the At of to your post otllce with the LEDGER. &BI hal Agents wanted; liberal commissions paid. Address t'r8e nient the LEDGER for terms. t tl ,tow ice WRIT! FOR RATES FOR CLASSIFIED ADVERTI8EME1 Subscription Prices as Follows. The DAILY LEDGER (Sunday excepted), by mail to un United States or Canada, 50 cents per month; $tt.00 per year. (at m Saturday's LEDGER (weekly), a great home lournal. - every country home, $1.00 per year. ?5 Sid ) 1 iri en MAKE ALL REMITTANCES PAYABLE TO GEORGE W. CHILDS DREXEL, -EDITOR A HOI'. There is au' announcement in tho daily papers of a "hop" to morrow night iu the largest and most fashionable of our hotels. Tho managers are the leaders of fashion iu our city. Thinking that I might be behind tho times, I looked in the dictionary, and there found these definitions: "Hop to move by successive leaps as toads do, to spring or jump on one foot, to skipas birds do. To walk lame, to limp, to halt." A certain familiar insect is called a grasshopper, It is nut very pretty or very graceful, but it is very lively. How strange that theso high-toued people waut t bo known as hoppers. Job Barefoot, a former stew ard of the Bedford county alms house, aud a well known resident of that county, died at his home hist Wednesday, the result of appendicitis. Ho is survived by his wife and twelve children. Woman will never bo really emancipated until she doesn't care a rap if the sun does come out when she has on her rainy day skirt. Those who want to swear off for the whole century will bo puz zled by this dispute as to when it begins. The claim made for the British that iu the midst of disaster they are "calm." "Becalmed" Would fit tho case better. Til V. lRKSSAC,lt de Vi The Philadelphia uac for l'JOO is iuvjfi( tribution. To tli"e j with previous vol -ei necessary to say f improvements u-tuL past, together wit',jt ly new and excle ( For those not fi" t,i0 work there is aw;r treat. It is a vi'lu' dred pages filled j0 tion which makes i j 0 world's doings usa ,p( ia is related to a" pal contains maps a-j e charts and tablesfia which, tho Boer tli cal situation natit, n) matic relations w'lpo tries, the industrial! tural questions x'iavi try for solution, iipr rent affairs can be pit all completeness H No question busrd j(,r of men or the can remain uuaus Lr who possess tho l' n for ISM). For sa'jti, deulers or sent by L prepaid, on receiu j. t To find out door that sticks, i' ' the edge, then sliu:i luimii win uuijf door frame oppos'1- needs planing. L Come totheNK your job printing K'