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:rr /v TIV33Y SICKLBR, Proprietor.]
NEW SERIES, Ijjactjji jB ranch ocm or cat. I A weekly Democratic I "paper, devoted to l'ol- |®Ste>S .' J T jUics, News, the Art- jj LKL j I and Sciences Ac-. Pub- : n II ished evcryWeJr.es- SsjjSihi I tiay, at Tttnkhmnock, At) I Wyoming Colin ty, Pa. / J V | BY HARVEY SICKLEH. Terms —I copy 1 year, (in advance) 51.50. if | not pain within six months, tr-2.00 wili he charged. AJDVERTISIKTO. 10 lines or] . ] ; t less, make three [four \ two three' six ; one one square icetks iceeks mu'lh mo'lit mo'lit • year 1 Square l,oi)> 1 .*25,' 2.25 2,87; 3.01 2 do. 2.00 ; 2.50 3.25< 3505 4,50? 6.00 3 do. 3,00; 3,75; 4,75 5,50; 7,00 i 9,00 i Column. 4,00; 4,50; 6.50; 8,00 10.00; 15.00 i do. 6.C0! 7.00 10.00 12.00; 17,00; 25,00 J do. 8.00; 9.50 14.00 13,00 25.00; 35,00 1 do. 10,00; 12,00; 17,00 22,00, 20,00< 40,00 Business Cards of one square, with paper, So. JOB WORK of all kinds neatly executed, and at prices to suit the times. ftosiiifss gflticw. BACON STAND.— Nicholson, I'a. C. L. JACKSON, Proprietor. [vln49tf] HS. COOPER, PHYSICIAN A SURGEON • Newton Centre, Luzerne County Pa. pBO.B.TUTTOX, ATTORNEY AT LAW, IT Tunkhannock, Pa. Office in Stark's Brick Block, Tioga street. tT7M. M. IM.VTT, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OD VV fie-.' in Stark's Brick Block, Tioga St., Tunk hannock, i'a. T ITT 1,12 A DEWITT, ATTORNEY'S AT -Li I.AW, Office on Tioga street, Tunkhannock. I'a. K. R. I.ITTLF.. J. PKWITT. JV. SMITH, M. I, PHYSICIAN A SURGEON, • Offi.'C en Bridge Street, next door to the Demo crat Office, Tunkhannock. Pa. Harvey slckLer, attorney at law and GENERAL INSURANCE AGENT - Of fice, Bridge street, opposite Wall's lintel, Tunkhan nock Pa. pwR. J. €. CORSEGIUS, HAYING LOCAT- J-J ED AT THE FALLS, WILL promptly attend all calls in the line of his profession—may be found tit Beetner's Hotel, when not professionally absent. Falls, Oct. 10, IR6I. I>R. J. O- BECKER Co., PHYSICIAN- SURGEONS, Would respectfully announce to the citizens of Wy oming that they have located at Mehoopanv, where they will promptly attend to all calls in the live of their profession. May be found at his Drug Store when not professionally absent. ST. XN7". riIIOABS, JVT. D. r (Graduate of the Uuicessily of Pcnn'a.) Respectfully offers his professional services to the Citizens of Tunkhannock and vicinity. Ho can be found, when not professionally engaged, either at his Drug Store, or at his residence on Putnam Street. JM. CARET", M, D, — (Graduate of the E. • M. Institute, Cincinnati) would respectfully announce to tho citizens of Wyoming and Luzerne Counties, that he e infinites his regular practice in the Various departments of his profession. May tie found at his office or residence, when not professionally ab sent Particular attention given to the treatment Of Chronic Diseas. Centremoreland, Wyoming Co. Pa.—v2n2. WALL'S HOTEL, LATE AMERICAN HOUSE, Tunkhannock, Wyoming to., pa. TIUS establishment has recently been refitted and furnished in the latest style Every attention hill be given to the comfort ami conrcn'ence of those Who patronize the House. T. B. WALL, Owner and Proprietor. Tunkhannock, September 11, IS6I. NORTH BRANCH HOTEL, MESIIOPPEN, WYOMING COUNTY, I'A HIKEV WARNER, Prop'r. HAVING resumed the proprietorship of the above Hotel, the undersigned will spare no effort to ; render Jhe house an agreeable place ol sojourn for hi! who may favor it with their custom. RILEY WARNER. September 11, 1861. ABD'B HOTEL, tunkhannock, WYO MIN G COUN TY , PENNA. JOHN MAA'NA RI) , Proprietor. HAYTNG taken tho Hotel, in the Borough of Tunkhannock. recently occupied by Riley Warner, the proprietor respectfully solicits a share of public patronage. The House has been thoroughly repaired, rtn 1 the comforts and accomodations of a jirst elaSs Hotel, will be found by all who may favor It with their custom. September 11, 1861. | M. OILMAN, DENTIST, " A/I" GILMAN, has permanently located in Tunk- IYII bannock Borough, and respectfully tenders bis /irofessional services to the citizens of this place and Surrounding country. , ALL WORK WARRANTED, TO GIVE SATIS FACTION. fcgf*Office over Tuttou's Law Office, near tho Pos Office. Dec. 11, IS6I. Blanks!! Blanks I 11 BLANK DEEDS SUMMONSES SUBPG3NAES EXECUTIONS CONSTABLE'S SALES Justice's, Constable's, and legal Blanks of all kinds. Neatly and Correctly printed on good Paper, and for sale ut tlie Office hf the " North Branch Democrat." SPLINT BOTTOMED CHAIRS, for sal* si BACON'S in tsjpno! PISTTLLAWOTB. AFTER ALL! BY E.MTL.Y J. MACKINTOSH. lie liad been a bachelor for forty years, (his same Mr. Ellis Ilarvey, about whom lam writing a s'ory, anil he was known among his friends as a " very particular" man, and " hard to please," which last phrase general ly means one thing—hard to please in a mat rimonial way. lie was sitting before a blazing coal-fire, thinking how dismally cold it must be out side; and he was eating very leisurely his late dinner, and thinking how excessively comfortable it was in his sanctum, when the door opened, and a tall, stylish lady, whose likeness to himself spoke her relationship, came swei ping in. " Ellis !" she exclaimed, at dinner ? Why; it is nine o'clutik; arid I am ready for the ball at Mrs. Jameson's." "So I perceive, be said, lazily, looking at her s ately figure in its rich evening dress.— " I cannot go for an hour, Ilattie, so sit down and be comfortable. Ten o'clock is early enough, just right for a sensation." " But what makes you dine at this hour ?" " I was detained, and gave Mrs. Smith di rections to wait fur me. Let me ofter you something. " You savage ! You want a wife, Ellis, to keep you in order'. If Mrs. Harvey ruled the house, you would have to come to your dinner at a civilized hour." " Let us he thaukfui then that she does not rule the house ! Where is Lawrence ?" "In Washington! Went this morning, which accounts for my calling for you. But, K!lis, seriously, do yoti never Intend to give me a sister ? 1 gave you Lawrence for a brother years ago. and as there are only you atid 1 left in the family, it is but fair you should return Ihefavo:. You are getting old, too. sir !" " Ain I ? How 7 Hair turning ?" " No, you conceited fellow, you are as handsome as ever ; but you grow more fussy aud bachelory every day. Smith spoils you !" "Smith gives me all the comforts of a married man, and none of the bother. 1 will wager that Lawrence himself is not bet ter cared for than I am." " But, Ellis, surely yju intend to marry some time V' " Oli, yes ! if I ever find anybody to suit me !" " There is Fannie Hays, you were very at tentive to her at one time." " Ilattie," said Ellis, solemnly, " she paints, I saw it come off, one warm evening, on her handkerchief. Don't tell, but it is a fact I I was so glad 1 had not actually proposed." " Well, Ellis, I am sure Jane lluuter didn't paint!" " But, Ilattie, she was so fearfully ugly.— I tried in vain to be sensible and prefer mind, intellect, and talent, to mere beauty ; but she was so frightfully strong-minded, and made such terrific speeches about equal rights and male tyranny, that she fairly Lightened me away." " Well, Louise Ilolden was not strong minded !" "Milk and water!" said Ellis, contemptu ously. Amy Hi 11?" " Dressed so shockingly. Venus herself could not look well in an enormous red and green plaid, with a blue bonnet. Ugh !" " Mary Willis had exquisite iastfin dress." " But she had such a voice ! She address ed you with tender eloquence, and told her most cherished secrets in the voice of a fish woman crying shad." " Well, Ellis, one more. Welhelmina Lee I" "Ah ! Ilattie. there I was touched. Beau ty, talent, feminine graces, every attraction; but she lived next door to a grocery store." " Now, Ellis, what Cuuld that have to do with it ?" "It was in the summer, and we were at the open parlor window. I was just on the point of offering myself, when the wind blew a strong whiff of salt mackeral between lis. You know my aversion to mackerel. The smell made me sick, and I forgot sentiment I left, and the next day Mooro proposed and was accepted." " You had better have a wife made to or der, Ellis Particular, Lr lam sure the para gon does not exist who will fill your ideas of Mrs. Ilarvey. I thouldn't wonder if you married Smith, after all." "Not a bit of danger. If I ever marry, my wife must be refined in manner, lady like in appearance, pretty enough to escape the charge of positive ugliness, at least thirty years of age, and of good birth and position." " And with sufficient good taste to appre ciate your condescension and say, ' Yes, if you will be good enough to have me,' when you propose. Come, you have finished your dinner. Go dress yourself." Six hours later Ellis was a doomed man.— How it came about he never knew. After all *his his resolutions never to marry in haste, to weigh well all her perfections and imperfections befo e addressing any lady ; in fact, to walk slowly and deliberately into a "TO SPEAK HIS THOUGHTS IS EVERY FREEMAN'S RlGHT.*'—Thomas Jefferson. TUNKHANNOCK, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 3, 1862. cool, sensible state of affection, he suddenly found himself deeply in love. One look; one word, and he w&s gone. " Miss Loifi Jones, (he hated the name of Jones,) let me introduce Mr. Harvey. He bowed to Miss Jones, and looked at her. A little delicate figure, a pair of soft blue eyes, a maze of white lace, and a tinny, deli cately gloved hand. These were the first imptessions. A voice, low and sweet, mod ulated like music, well chosen phrases, and a modest yet self-possessed manner, and a graceful deportment finished the fascination. In a sort of misty pleasure, Ellis waltzed with this wee fair}' who had somehow come right into his heart, whose door he fancied so strongly fortified. He called, and found his fascinator in a neat wrapper, teaching two little sisters graminer. He learned that her father was a wholesale grocer, and found she had three strong-minded sisters. He spent a week with her married brother on a country farm, and breakfasted every day on salt mackerel, because she sat opposite to him and did the same. He helped her over a stile when her wrapper was green and her sun-bonnet blue, while a red shawl of her sister's hung over her arm. He heard her scream with terror over her little nephew who fell into the horse pond, and dragged her out, with the boy in her arms, when she fi antically sprang in after him. He never noticed that a shriek is not melodious. lie saw her lovely face covered with musquito bites, and he knew that the whiteness over them was powder, and yet—and yet—he never knew how, he proposed, was accepted, and, as Ilattie said, " Married a darling lit tle chit of sixteen AFTER AI.I. !" GETTER FttOM MAJOR JACK DOWN ING. "WASHINGTON, June 18th, 18G2. To the Editors ol the Caiccashin : Sens :—I expect \ ou'll be struck all atack to git another letter from me, dated Washing ton. and I'm kinder surprised myself, for I expected to be in Downingville long afore this. But you'll see, by the time you git through this letter, that, it was impossibul for me to leave. I got mv trunks all packed up and ready to start, when lo ! and behold, my hickery that Ginneral Jackson give me was missin ! Now, I couldn't no more trav ll without my hickery cane than I could sod der up this broken Union with skim milk. I told Linkin I was ali ready, but that mv hickery was inissin. Ro he called the feller in pllrty had close; who does chores around the \V bite House, and asked hiin efht'd sen it? He said he hadn't. Then T reck ollected that there had been a Cabbynct meetin the night before, and it struck me that some of the members had walked oft with it. So Linkin sent the feller around to see. After he'd gone, I told Linkin ef any of'em had it that I'd bet it was Stantin, for ses I, " Kernel, ever sence he tried to get on your trowsers down to Fort Monrow, he's acted jest as of he wanted to play Ginneral Jackson, and cfhc can git a piece of hickery thai the old Ginneral has handled, he'd think that he was on the way to glory. Sure euuf he had it, hut pretended it was all a mistake, jest as he did when I caught him in the Ker nel's trowsers. D-pend upon it, Stantin needs watchin, for he is one of them kind of lellers who's got it into ther head that they are for-ordained for scmethin, and they don't know what. The loss of iny hickery kept me over one day longer, and the next morning I got the bottle of Borebon whiskey which you sent to me. A feller by the name of Adams fetched it, and he wouldn't take any pay for his trubble either. I asked him if he was eny relashin to Phil Adams, who used to keep a tan yard in Downingsville, as he was a very clever man and used to do enything for his naybors for nothin. The chap laughed rite out loud at this, and sed "he didn't see it. Ses I, " what don't you see ?" " Well," sed he, " never mind, old feller, about telling stories, but jest put your name rite [down there," and he handed out a big book full of writin. Bes 1, " Mr. Adams, I never put my naina to enything that I don't understand." " Ses I, that may be secesh docyment for all I know." Ses the feller, ses he, " Git, out ! this is only a receipt for that bottle." " Wall," ses I, " ef that's all, then here goes." So I got my spectacles and a quill pen. fir I never rite with eny of the new fangled kinds, and I jest rote out " Major Jack Downing" in a stile that made the feller stare. Ses I "Mr. Adams, you have some awful poor rlters among the fellers you deal with, but I ain't ashamed of that ritin eny where." The chap he. looked at it a moment and then he looked at me, and finally says he " Bully for you," and in ft jiffy he was off, without even shakin hands or sayin good by. After he was gone I took the bottle into Linkin's room and opened it. " Now," ses I, " Kernel, let's try this licker." " Wall," ses he, " Majer, I'm a good judge of Borebon, for it comes from my old State of Kentuck." Wen Linkin saw the name on the bottle, " Mr. Cotton, 306 Washington 6treet, N. Y., ses he, "Major do you think that this is loy al wiskey ?" " Why," ses T, " Kernel, what makes you ask that tfnestshin?" "Wall," ses he, " don't you see the man's name is Cotton /" " Novr," ses I " Kernel, what an idee that is ! Don't you suppose it would be dangerous for him to lire down in Secesh where they are burning cotton as fast as they kin ?" " \Yal, never mind the name, Major, let us taste of the whiskey. I can soon tell whether it's loyal or not." So I opened the bottle and poured out some, and the Kernel took a good swig. I also took a snifter, and wo both pronounced it a No. 1 licker, and loyal too. " Now," ses I, Kernel, can you tell me why this whiskey is like the Constitution of the United States ?" " No," ses he, " I don't see eny siniularity." " \Val," ses I, " Koi ne!, this whiskey was made for White Men jest as the Constitushin was." Ses he, " Ma jor, how do you know it was made for white men ?" " Wal," ses I," it is jest as plain to nte as daylight. You see, Kernel, the licker agrees with you. It tastes good. It won't hurt you; in a word, it corresponds with na tur. That's a sign it was made for you.— Jest so it was with the Constitushin. It ap plies to white men exactly, and they've al ways got along together with it fust rate.— Now you give this whiskey to the niggers, and they get drunk on it, and cut up all sorts of scrapes, but white men, whom it was made for, know jest how to use it, and it don't do them eny hurt. Jest so with the Constitu shin ; you apply it to niggers and it is jest as bad for 'em as whiskey. They don't know how to use it. an they'll destroy everything, an make themselves an everybody else ten times worse off." " Wal," ses the Kernel, ses he, "Major, I wish I could see how it is that the Constitu shin don't apply to niggers jest as much as to white men." Ses I, " Kernel, you don't look at the Constitnshun thru constitiisl.un al spectacles. That Chicago Platform both ers you. " Now," ses I, " Kernel, ef I'll make you a Constitulishunal Teliskope will you promise me to use it ? If you will, it will he about as good a guide to you as ef I staid here all summer myself." Ses I, "it will show ' the Consti'iishin as it is, an the Union as it was.' " When I spoke of this, Linkin sed he'd be tickled ecnamost to ileth ef I would make hltri ori'G. So I told him I could do it in one day, an that although I was very anxus to get hum, yet I'd fix this tip before I started. So I jest went up to my room and began to plan. I had a pair of old spectacles which Gineral Jackson give me, an I knew that the glasses were jest as sound constitushunal glasses as were ever looked thru. So I took 'em out of the cases, and got a magnify in glass and put be tween em an fixed 'em in a long narrer box- It took me about all day before I got it fin ished. When it was all done. I looked thru it, an you never see such a glorious site. I could see jest as ef it was the hull Union layin out before me. There was the Stars and Stripes, an the eagle, and thirty millions of white people, all happy and contented, an joy an prosperity smilin everywhere. An the sky seemed to be bendin down so as to almost tech the arth. an away up in the clouds I could see rais of light streemin forth, and I thought I could even see the angil robes of Washing ton, an Jefferson, an Maddison, an the old Gineral ioukin down, an rite over the hull was the words, " Glory and Peace," in grate big letters. It was raley beautiful. I got a lookin at it an forgot all about myself, in a sort of reveree, and wen I cum to, I found I'd been crvin, because you see, that was the Union as it was , an not as it is now. Tn fact, wen I got awake I found it was eenamosl pitch dark, an so Linkin couldn't look thru the Teliskope that nite. Then I got a piece of chalk, an marked in " Linkin Teliscope," and took it to him. " There," ses I, " Kernel , that Teliskope is dene an tcmorrow you kin take a look at the Union as it was, and the Constitution as it is." Ses I, " the scene is a glorious one."—So I, left the Teliskope in Linkins room that nite an went to bed. The next mornin, after T got my breakfast, I went in, "and now," ses I," Kernel, we we must try the Teliskope." So I thought I'd look thru fust to See if the glasses were set all rite, wen I never was took aback so in my life. Instead of the joy and happiness, and the sniilin faces, and the thirty millions of white people, the rais of light in the sky with " GLOKY and PKACE" on em, all was dark and dismal. All I could see was some 4,000,000 of niggers, and war, and bloodshed, and misery, camps full of sick sojers and bFoken waggins, wiminin and children cryin, and the sky was black, and away up on a black cloud, in letters still blacker, I could 6ee the' words " NEGRO FREEDOM and WAR." I jumped back as ef I was hit wen I saw, it. Ses Linkin, "What's the matter, Majer ?' Ses I "Kernel that Teliskope is all out of or der. It ain't rite." But Linkin 6ed he hadn't teched it, so I was puzzled. So alter thinkin awhile, ses I, "Kernel, was there enybody here last nite after 1 went away V " Yes," ses he. Boss Seward cum for a while an talked over matters." Ses I," Did he tech this ?,' "Wal he was lookin kinder inquirin at it , and I tolled him what is was, and he seemed to be greatly strck, and ex amined it very clus." " Now," ses I, that ackounts for it. The pesky critrer has been playin one of his oun nin tricks on me ; but my name ain't Jack Downing ef I dont expose him. No true Constitutional Teliskope will give such a View as that of the Union." So I sot down and took out my jack knife and went to fake it all apart. I found the box all rite; there warn't enything in the tube, and I was puzzltn myself what could be the matter, when I slipped up the inagifying glass and rite hack of it was a lit tie bit of pape*• nigger , black as the ace of spade*, that that fetter Seward had cunnify slipped in there I You see, that at once ackounted for the hull trubbel, for the magnifin glass reflected the nigger instead of what it would naterally, the white man. Af ter I- took the nigger out, it was all rite agin, and wen Linkin looked thru it he was per fectly astonished. "Now," ses I, "Kernel, you see that it is tryin to put the nigger where he don't belo- g that is the cause of all our troubbel He don't belong in the Constitution, and wen we undertake to put him there he won't work. This trick of Seward's jist shows you what he's up to. Now, Kernel, I'm going to start for Downingville arly to morrow uiornin, and 111 leave you this Teliskope so you can take a look at the Union as it teas, and don't you let Seward or Sumner, or eny of them fellers, get hold of it. Wen you get puzzled, jest go and look thru that, and you may depend upon it it will lead you strate. El you get inter eny deep troubel, write me and I'll give you advice, or ef you can't get along without me. I'll coine back after the Fourth is over and stay with you till you get out of this scrape with the rebils. I told you I would stick to you, and I will." So I bid good bye to tbe Kernel and bis wife, that uite, reddy to start in the morning. I intend to give you a full ack'ount of the celebrashun of the Fourth at Downingville Insine Stebbins, of the Downingsvitlc Insen sibles, who writ the piece of poetry on Mrs Linkin's ball and who was wounded at Chickenhominy ami cum hum with a furlong, is to be orator of the occashin. Jeru sha Matilda Jenkins, the darter of Deacon Jenkins, and who went down to Port Roile lo tech the Contrary bands their primers, will also be there. The Insine is a very eman chap, ef he is a niggerite. and I eXpeck he'll do himself creditable. Excuse this long letter, and believe me Yours till dc;h, MAJER JACK DOWNING. SLANDERING TIIF. ILLUSTRIOUS DEAD. The Kepublican Convention, held in this city on Monday, passed the following resolu tion, as a bait to catch gudgeons : Resolced, That we resognize not only the loyalty of the organization known as the "People's Party," but that of all Democratic citizens who, like the late Senator Douglas, give their ordial and unqualified support to the Government in its efforts to put down re hellion, and desire that they also be toll} represented on any ticket this Conventii ii may adopt. This affectionate reference to Douglas by men who. for ten years previous to his death, spent their days and nights in reviling him, would be amusing if it were not infamous!} hypocritical. But in one respect this resolu tion assumes a more serious character. I implies that, iflivng, Douglas would join the Black Republicans, an 1 subscribe to then plan of " supporting the Government in its efforts to put down the rebellion." This is. virtually, charging that lamented state-men with art inclination to plunder the treasury, arm the Southern slaves, annihilate a dozen or more State Governments, and ruin tin country.—We regard this as a vile slander upon the illustrious dead, unwarranted by anything ever said or done by Douglas. II s whole record attests his bitter hatred of the principles of this party, which after traducing him as a traitor for years, now, that he is dead is, claiming him as its own. Even at the very threshold of the world t<- which his spirit has departed, he desired thai his children should be taught to lore the Con slitution which these Republicans repudia>e and which some of their leaders declare to b( "a covenant with death and a league with hell;" and, in his last publie speech, he de nounced the policy of the Republican party in respect to arming the slaves. He was for tin preservation of the Union, but declared that " savages must not be let loose" upon the women and children of the South. On the 3d of January, 1861, Mr. Douglas, in the U. S. Senate declared and proved tl.e Republi cans to be responsible for the failure of Crit tenden's Compromise. He said:— " I believe this to be a fair basis of amicable adjustments. If you of the Republican side are not willing to accept this, nor the propo sition of the Senator from Kentucky, [Mr Crittenden,] pray tell us what you are will ing to do ? " I address the inquiry to Republicans alone, for the reason that in the Committee o Thirteen, a few days ago, every member from the South, including those from Cotton States [Messrs. Davis and Toombs,] expressed their readiness to accept I he prop >sition of my ven erable friend from Kentucky, [Mr. Critten den,] as a final settlement of the controversy, if tendered and sustained by tbe Republican members. " Ilence the sole responsibility," (mark the language,) "of our disagreement, and the only difficulty in the way of amicable adjust ment, is with the Republican party.-" But, notwithstanding those well-known facts at to the sentiments of Mr, Douglas L TERMS: SI.SO PEH AN93TJM throughout his life, up to the very hoUr of his death, we find the ultra wing of the Black Republican party of Philadelphia pasa ing a resolution implying that if Douglas were alive, he would now be acting with that ultra portion of that ultra party ! , We know not how a greater reproach could have been cast upon the dead prfriot. It is placing him, in the same category with Forney !— Evening \ Journal At the meetiog of the Democratic .State Central Committee, held the 29th ult the fol lowing resolution was adopted: Itesolved, That the Chairman call upon the lotai men of Pennsylvania, through the Democratic Standing Committees of the sev eral counties, to meet in the several cities and counties of the Slate, at such places as shall be designated by the said standing Committees respectively, on the 17th of Sep tember neXtj to celebrate that day as the anniversary of the day of the adoption of tho Constitution of the United States. Pursuant to these resolutions, I call upon the Democratic Standing Committees re spectively in the several cities and countiea of Pennsylvania to request the Democrats and all other loyal citizens to convene in mass meetings at 6Uch places and at such hours as they respectively may designate, on the 17th of September next, to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of the United States of America. Since the 17th of September, 1787, there has been no period in the history of America when it was so eminently fitting and import ant as the present to bring" to the attention of the American people great fundamental prin ciples, which must underlie any Government, where civil and religious liberty exist, and especially those that underlie the Government of this Union—a Union which rests for its foundation upon that Constitution which a (firms and proposes to make sacred and per petual those principles. That Constitution and that Union one and inseparable availed by f.es throughout the whole land, by Secessionists in the South and Abolition ists in the North. The former by a bold or ganized armed movement, strike directly and avowedly at the whole sovereignty and exist ence of our Constitutional Government. The latter by equally direct efforts hut from un der the cloak of recently declared friendship an.l patriotism, are seeking to thrust their traitorous B'illettoes into the heart's blood of the nation. The people cf this land are the. . poffi-ee of all pnwet\ They made Constitutions, and they can, and, (unless they would become the victims of despotism or anarchy) must uphold, them. Th great fundamental principles of civil and religious liberty asserted in the American Constitution are essential to securei us in tlie enjoyment of life and propel ty, and II the pursuit of happiness. Among these are ! he freedom of speech and of the Press, tha right of the people peactbly to assemble, the rmht of the people to be secure :n their per sons. houses, paper* and effects againt un reasonable searches aud seizures, that no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause supported by oath or that no person shall be held to an.*wer for a capital or other infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury exempt in cases arising in the land and naval forces, or in tha militia when in actual service in time of tvgr >r public danger, that no citizen shall be de prived of life, liberty or property Without due process of law that in all criminal prosecu i n, the accursed 4 shall enjoy the fight to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury f the State or District where the crime shall nave teen committed, which District shall, nave been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have .compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assictance of counsellor his defence ; Thai the powers not delegated to the Untied States, by the Constitution, nor prohibited b\ it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Among the powers not delegated to the United States,but reserved to the States re ap. etively or to the people, as the right to hold elections and to determine upon and fix the qualtlications of vot rs. With the people of Pennsylvania this great right is fixed bj the Constitution, of the State, and no power hut that Constitution", had laws enacted in pursuance thereof can prohibit the exercise of; or limit or restrain that righta rigot most inestimable to our people, and formida ble to tyrants only. Fellow countrymen, on the coming anni versary of the day of the adoption of the American Cohstitution, in the exercise of ' the right of the people peaceably to assem ble,''let us all solemnly and reverently, in the face of ail men and before Heaven, declare our fit ui determination " to pledge our lives," our fortunes, and our sacred, honors," M to preserve protect and defend the Constitution of the United States " Let us afford to Presi dent Lincoln the most indubitable evidence, that in the observance of his oath of office to do the -ante thing, we will uphold and sup port Into, just, as readily as we have already shown him tha in filling up from our fankt the great bulk of the army, now and hereto fore in the field, we have always been ready at whatever sacrifice to striae down open and VOL. 2, NO. 4.