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HARVEY SICKLER, Editor. TUNXHANNCCK, PA. Wednesday, June 24, 1863. 8. M.Pettensill fc Co.—No. 37 PARK ROW NEW YORK, A 6 STATE ST. BOSTON, are our Aeents for the N. B. Democrat, iu those cities, and are author ise! to take Advertisements aud Subscriptions for ca at our lowest Rates. DEMOCRATIC.STATE NOMINATIONS. FOR GOVERNOR. HON. G. W. WOODWARD, OF PHILADELPHIA. FORJUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, WALTER H. LOWRIE, OP ALLEGHENT COI'NTT. Apologetic. In our absence iast week, our typos were brought to a sudden standstill by finding the bottom of the ink keg. Knowing that IJilly of the Republican, had been favored by tis, by the loan of both ink and type, at various times, they asked of him enough ink for the emergency. The beet nosed pedazoene, pre suming himself " dressed in a little brief au thority" put on one of his most .".u'ocra'io nirs. refused the favor, giving vent at the same time, to an outburst of personal spleen and bitterness. Upon our arrival, learning the state of affairs, we sent to Pittston for enough ink for immediate u*c ; with the full assur ance, that in the editor of the Gazette, though opposed to us politically, and though never tte recipient of any favors from us—we should find a man who had sen*e enough to know what belonged to common decency and conventional courtesy among editors. In this we were not disappointed, nor were we surprised at the alacrity and apparent pleas ure with which our request was complie 1 with. This refusal of our Abolition neigh bor, to return favors received, while it has put our subscribers to the annoyance of de lay in getting their paper, has placed hitn in his true position. e confess vxe are rather pleased, than chagrined at the fact, that he has thus fixed his status and the so cial relation which must hereafter exist be- tween us. No Paper Next Week. As the great national anniversary—the 4th, cotnes on next week, and as our work is behind hand, from causes elsewhere explain ed. wo have concluded t adopt the custom, which is now almost universal among edit ors, of issuing no paper next week. Our friends who appreciate our unremitting toil and efforts to give them their paper, regular ly, from week to week, will generously ac cord to the printers, one silent -working week, in which to prepare for a more vigor ous campaigr against the enemies of our lib erties and of the common country. For, in deed, the printer has no 11 illioay. Ho has bis brief respite from physical toil only. Our Candidates. We must congratulate the people of Penn sylvania, in having secured as a candidate for Governor, the distinguished jurist, and eminent statesman, lion. Geo. W. Wood ward—a man peculiarly fitted for the place and the occasion. So entirely has he secur ed the confidence of the people, in his integ rity and commanding ability, that even the enemies of good government are struck dumb lor want of substantial objections against him ; and have been driven to stammer out their hackneyed charg* of " sympathy with ;hc south" This charge—so thread bare, ao base and slanderous, has been so general ly applied to De%>crats, because they were •uch, that it has lost all its efficacy in deceiv ing the people into a farther adherence to a corrupt and reckless nest of demagogues, and who are now trampling the great char ter of human liberty in the dust; and ex ulting over the ruins of our country. Walter B. Lowry tho present in cumbent is re.nominated for Judge of the Supreme Court. No other name was men tioned, in connexion with the office ; and no other man would have satisfied the Democ racy. lie with his associate, Judge Wood ward, will receive such an endorsement by the people in October next, as will make the corrupt and truckling minions of the present admiuistrrtion eat the dust of hnmil.atinn so lor.g as the memory of their misrule finds a lodgment in the hearts of an injured, out raged people. War News. News, is again,contraband; the latest from the south, hardly indicates that we have a President, a Governor, an army or a fighting Joe Hooker; hut it is quite certain that the Kebels are in considerable force in the Cum berland valley, which lias been deserted by its iuhabtants, helping themselves without molestation to whatever they want. Harris burg is said to bo threatened, and the wild est excitement prevails. All shops are clos ed, and business suspended ; the citizens with their valuab'es are on the skedaddle. Where's Hooker? Where's Lincoln ? C'urtin ? Hal. leek? Stanton? Where arc the Ilouie Guards? The wide-a-wakes ? Where's Gree nly s 900,000 ? here's Governor Anderson's war m 7 Echo answers : Where ? The enrolling officer, for the Township of Overfield, G. C. Green, accompanied by a Mr Reynold*, on Saturday la*t, got into a diffi culty with a mm by the name of Masters, in which several idiots were fired by the parties, none however took effect, except a p'S'ol shot fired by Green, which lodged in the thigh of Mr. Masters. There are rations and contra dictery reports in relation to the matter and it is difficult to reconcile all of them as con sistent with truth, We would gladly refrain from any attempt to give to the public any thing more than wl'at we have stated above ; but, as the abolition organ of this place, edit ed by the draft-evading, runaway poltroon, and sneak, beet-nosed Billy has chosen to give a partial and one sided account of the affair ; we will give what we believe to be a fair and impartial account of it gained from sources entitled t' full credit. Masters is a poor man supporting a largo family by days works. The draft of October last for his township fell upon him. lie how ever did not report himself for duty at the place of rendezvous. No tffot's until the present have been made to arrest him. Since the appointment of Green as tnar-.ha!l, ho is represented to have boasted that he would " draft Masters, boots and all " Masters fear ing that violence against hi in was contempla ted provided himself with arms. On the day of this occurrence he was back of his house, which is situate a short distance from the main road, in the woods chopfng. On coming home he ascertained that Green, and Reynolds had been there ; quizzing his wife, and taunting his children, with such questions as ; 11 II iw would you like to have your dad go for a soldier ?" &c. Masters supposing they had gone to Factoryville went to a neighbor's house (Mr. Frear's) borrowed a bag to get some potatoes from Mi. Aitr who lives a .rile or more distant ; while on his way he passed tie bugtty of Green and Reyn olds, they having stopped at Mr. Mvers where they were told that the man passing was Masters. They pur-ued and overtook hitn on the toad, and in an authoritative way demanded his name, residence, aye &c .Mas ters refused or neglected to make the proper responses, telling them it was none of their business. Meanwhile he had left the road and was going across the field. Reynolds suggested that so *aucy a man should be shot and pioceeded to do what he regarded proper in the premises to wit; to shoo'; after one or more shots from them Muster* fired his rifle and one or two shots from his revolver ; Reyn olds and Green meanwhile kept tip a firing from their revolvers. While looking for am munition to reload los rifle Masters was struck bv a pistol 6hot in the hip, finding he had no ammunition, and being pressed pretty hard Masters hft the field, as the war reports say, 14 in good order. This frothy and abusive at ele of the Republican in announcing resistance to the draft in Falls, starts 0141 with a he in the first sentence. We are authorized to sax say that Mr. Ford, the Bradford county bully, who was sent down to enroll in Falls ; tiexvr saw an armed man ; never attempted l<> en rol! a man ; n*ver was driven from that Town ship. He '.vent there, got drunk, claimed to be a good Democrat, said he did'nt want a man to go even though enrolled and drafted &c., exhibiting so much hypoctisy and false hood in ail his actions, one ol his companions heated by fiquor furnishe 1 by himself, did boast that he could whip him; whereupon Ford took his back track, saying that F-tJJs was " too h'.t a place for him". The truth of the matter is that he was too hot a man for tlie place. This then, is all that there was to justify this Abolition Editor in publishing to the world that " the enrolling officer was driven from Falls Township by some of the armed loffians of that di6irict." The frantic appeal of this silly abolition agitator addressed doubtless to the inner, armed circle of the Loyal Leaguers, of whom B.C. Ralph of Mehoopany seems to he the mouth piece ; to goto this '■ vile nucleus of treason" and wipe out '' the dunes of tne the Davis Confederacy" will we venture to say, fall upon ears as deaf and hearts a- cra ven as those of him who wr >te it. What have the citizens of Falls said <>r done that tliey should he the subjects of all this abuse and defamation? Where, when, and fiow have they proved themselves un faithful to the laws, the country or them selves? They may he, and doubtless are ex cited at the shooting of one of their neighbors in an adjoining town by an upstart deputy inar.-hall. They doubtless feel that a repe tition, on one of their own citizens will be resented . But that a civil sober, unarmed man will meet with any in perform, jug his doty even, under this infamous con script law, either 111 Falls or Oveitk-ld we do not believe. FREE SFEF.CH —Extract from a speech dehveiedbv Hon. A. G. R'ddle lb-publican member of Congress from Ohio, in Febi uary last: " The freedom of speech is the !at fran chife a tree people will surrender, and our millions will exercise in the midst >f n>> mat ter what calamines. They will discus* the events and management of the war. It is their war, and the humblest of thein has an interest in :t equal to that of the first citizen and they must and may discuss his (the President's) with a free and manly ken.' IMPORTANT TO DISCHARGED SOI.DIERS.— We are informed that such di-chniged sol diers as intend to apply for a pension. should do so within a year from the date of their discharge or they will lose a whole year's pen sioti. AH applications made afier the expi ration of a year, will only secure the pension from the date ot -aid application but if made within the year, their pension will commence with their discharge. JKT Mr. llussel, the special war corres pondent of the London Times , has gone to Poland to report for his paper tli tvtitu of the revolu*ion tr. 'bat country. DEMOCRATIC STATE CONVENTION*. nomimation of HON. GEORGE W WOODWARD FOR GOVB UXOR ; Xxn HON WALTER II LOWRIE, FOR SUPREME JUDGE. The Democratic State Convention of Penn sylvania met in the Ilall of the II nine of. Representatives at Harri-burg, on Wednes day, Jun- 17, 1853, at 10 o'clock A M.,nd was called to order by FRANCIS W. IIUGIIES, E-q., Chairman of the Democratic State Cen tral Committee. GEORGE W. NEBINGER, of Philadelphia, and 11. DRUCE PETRIKIN, of Huntingdon, were nominated for temporary Chairman ; and, after some discussion of points of order, a vote was taken, which resulted as follows : George W. Nebinger, 75 R.Bruce Petrikin 50 Dr. NEBINGER was thetefore declared temporary Chairman of the Convention, and on taking his seal, made a brief address of thanks. Messrs. John C. Barr and William 11. Butler wore appointed temporary Secreta ries. A committee was appointed to report offi cers for permanent organization and two cases of contested scats were disposed of. AFTERNOON SESSION- The Convention re assembled at 2 o'clock, A- M. The Committee on Permanent Organiza tion, through their Chairman, Hon. Arnold Plumer, reported the following 1 it of officers President: FIN LEY PATTERSON, of Washington County. Vice Presidents: A'exander Diamond, Jacob S. Yost, A. Brutnaker' Dr. O P. James, B F Keiley, Jones Enlman, William J. Crans, Adam W. Kaufman, F. P. DeWess, Jacob Leisent ing, P. Arnold, D. S. C<>' pur, Gen. J. Blanding, Richard MeGrann, John M. Heller, Henry A. Wade, Miles White, Dr. jolui Ahl, J up T. Hoover, Aug Duncan, Dr. G. B MitcheL' A, W. Dickinson, Charles D Manly, Dr, A. G. McQ taid, Dr W. Moore, Dr. G. S litis, J A. McCullough, Sttnuel B. Wilson, John Georg •, David Tnlball, Jonathan S. Green C. L. Lebertuan, Jonathan Gairard. C. R. Early. Secrelar irs F. M. Hutchinson, of Al't'pheny. Charles Leverett Wolff, of Philadelphia. J. Simson Africa, of Hunting I n. Win. Weighturnn, of Eue. W. C. Stein, of Adams. J. C. Birr, of Allegeny. E S .M. Ililt, of Luzernu. Messenger—Otvin Laugh 11n. Dvorkeepers —Sebastian Litter, John O'Coiini r. The nouiinatious were unanimously rat i! it<l. Mr. Patterson was conducted to the chair hy Mr Gialhraith and Judge Hapburn, and on taking his seat, said ; GEXTI-CMEX or THE CONVENTION : My heart over fl iws with gratitude for this mark of your partiality To he selected to prosiie over the deliberations of th„ chosen representatives of the Democracy of th great Slats of I'ennsylvruia is truly an honor, an 1 tor it I feel grateful Fellow delegates : Never, never, since he organization of our glorious old commonwealth have the ae ions of any deliberative body been looked for with more anxious solicitude th in those of this convention. To sellect a standard hearer for the De;n- craey is at any time an important work ; But now, | when the whole civilized world is looking to tii<". sue. j ccss and prosperity of the Democratic pat ty to restore i our oppressed and bleeding country to its once peace ful aa i h ipp/ state, it is truly a work of vast itrtjior tance ;an 1 I trust wc shall engage in it as it be ! comes the representatives of a great and worthy pe- I ople ; for truly suih are those that we are hereto j represent. You are all aware that harmony, order and dignity are essentially nec ssary, on the part ofa ■ deliberative body, to give weight and character to its | proceedings. I trust and hope, then that wc will dis -1 charge the important trust confided to us with iyi eye ; single to the the salvation and prosperity of the Detn i oeratie part , which is truly tho cause of our country: i anlthat too, with such harmony anl unanimity of I action that will convince the whole people that we ! are detinue Ito stvu tho coun'ry. Let our tnotto be j ''principle." Let the old Slur-Sprangled B inner, in all its p>rts and fullness, be our emblem, and victory : glorious victory, will crown our labors. I ag.iiu thank ] you for yonr kindness j The following resolutions were unanimosly adopt liAlI itisßi'UG, June 17, : On the reassembling of the covention, at eight o'clock this evning, the charuian of the committee on resda tions offctcd the following series, which we: undid j tnously adopted : Resolved, That wc approve the resolution* upon the state of the county, pissed by the House of Represen tatives of this commonweal h ou the 13ti day of April last, and in ad lition thereto anl as a further expression of our views on public etfiirs, da. Resolve as foil >ics : That we ag tin renew our fi leli. I ty to the Constitution of the United tStites, the grea t ' ch uter for which aurforefather struggled .nd fought, 1 an t which was established, as they themselves ex pressed it, to form a more peifect Union, establish justice, insure tranquility, pr >vi te f->r th • common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure tho bles-ings of liberty to ourselves an 1 posterity ,' t That, inasmuch as the Constitution embodies the 1 only guarantee we have for public liberty and pri vate right, as without it wo can h tvo no hopj of pro tection fro ii bloodshed, spoliation, and anirehy, the man wbosne rs it the " Constitution as it is" proves ; himself to be deficient in the first elements of pitri i ctism, and any oificer of the state or fe ler tl govern • ment who swears to support the Constitution and af terwards, with that oath on his conscience, wilfully violates it. is wholly unworthy of public confi len to. That aruong the rights which the Constitution pro. vides to every citizeD, that of being secure in his life, liberty, and property, SJ that ho cannot be deprived ot either without due form f law—a fair trial by a competent judge aud jury of his neighbors, with wit nesses to cunt runt him and counsel to defen 1 him—is so grett in itself, so necessary to the happiness of the ! people for whom all goverumeftt iMj.uie ; anl this is so plain, y written down in the federal Const'tut ion, nni all the st;.te constitutions, that any p renn vho can misunderstand it bag not tho mental capacity which fits him for a public station. Revolted, That we have haard with intanae alarm and deep indignation that some of our politi ; c.il opponents claim for the President of the United J States a power wholly unknown in America, an i never exercised in Europe or Asia, except by the j most despotic monarch?, namely, the power to arrest 1 free eitize ts for the experssion of their honest opin- I ions on public affairs, and that the President has not j only presumed to exercise this power himself with ; the moderation and mercy which his own nature 1 might prompt, but hag delegated it to many subor.li j nates, and they again to others, in ever} 1 part of the 1 country, until its hideous pr senee is seen und felt ail over the ian t. Prsched, That among the numerous officers to whom the President has given this terrible power, above the laws and above the people, there must, in the natu.e of things, be a large proportion who are totally incapable of wiel ting it either bonestlv or \ wisely. To. politicians, filled with p artisan rancor — knaves who do not eare fur justice, and ruffians, who delight in trampling it under fuo'. and therefore wo are not surprised to learn that the worthiest men huvo been torn from their families, judges knocked down on the bench, ministers of the Gospel imprisoned in loathsome dungeons, an t respectable I women and children treated with a brutality which it would be indecent even to name ; an 1 all this, in ' many cases, without a pretenee even of a political I offense, much less of any crime ag linst the law?, i That a free government cannot exist without a free press ; and the constitution of this state, as well a g ! that of the United Srates, has declared that it shalj be free. Those persons, therefore, in the office, who attempt to suppress books and nepspnpers by violence j are the enemies of this government, and ought to be : themselves suppressed. That we heartily thank the lion-hearted Dcmocra cv of Ohio fur the manly vin lication thev have given I " . ." ; to the Constitution against the great crime romuiit ' ted upon it in the arrest and deportation of Vallan. ! digham, and we assure them of our cordial sympathy | in the great struggle they arc making their unduubt i ed rights. Tint the plain duty of tho chief magistrate of this commonwealth requires him to use whatever power tho la* his ph cod in his hands, to protect the state anil the people froui 1< wless r.utrages, come from what quarter they may ; and no man is fit to 1,0 governor of this state who will consent to hold his own liber lies an t let the people hold theirs at tho mere will of the federal executive. Resold d. That the Democracy of Pennsylvania ,h is been ever true to the cause of the Union. It iva-> in the name and for the sake of the Union that our pirty was made; that we denounce tie hasa I insinuation that the Democratic party cntert..i!is now. cv r has entertained, or ever can entertain the .-hgditest sympathy with the present gigantic rebell ion, or with tiaitors in arms against the government, jor would ever consent to a peace on any terms iu ! *.-.lving a dismemberment af this Union, as utterly ! unjust ; an 1 in proof of this we point with exultation to the lavi-h contributions to the war in blood and i treasure heretotore anl now biing made by the ] hundreds of thousands of Democratic iiti7cns, who j were among the first to fly to tho rescue of the Uu | ion, and peril their lives iu its defense. Replied That, as the tiue friends of the Union, I iu id feeding a profound anxiety for its fate, we claim •an 1 will exercise the right to consider, discuss, us- certain, and urge, in becoming terms, upon the peo j pie and the eonsti'uro 1 authorities, whatever meas -1 urcs will, in our ju Igment. be most likely to place i and keep the whole national Union together under ! one general government. j Resolced, That when the war began we h d the ; solemn pledge of the federal administration, an! of ; the pirty which placed it in power, as exoressed in j the resolution passed by Congress July 221, 18G1, i that it is not waged on their part in any spirit of i oppression, or for ar y purpose of conquest or su'ju | (ration. or for the purpose of ov. rthrowiog, or inter j ferir.g with, the rights or estabii.-hed institutions of j these st ites, but to defend anl maintain the su; e , macy of the constitution and fo treserve the uuioo j with nil the dignity, equality, and of the scv , oral states unimpaired, and that as goon as these ob | joets are accomplished the war ought to cease. But | the federal administration, acting under the influ' ! enee of a small faction ot' ultra abolitionists, always ' opposed to the Union, and without the consent of the great masses of the people, has totatly changed ; its grounds, avowing and proclaiming its purpose to jbe wholly different; and thus it has greatly d layed our just hope of an honorable peice. Judg" Duer's Letter. [From the Albany (X. Y) Argus, June 6 ] dVe place the letterof Ju Ige Ruer before the peo ple without one word of comment. Ii speaks for it i self r j OSW EGO, May 29, 1853. J GENTLEMEN : I receivod some time ago your let j ter inviting tuc t atlenl the public meeting called ! to vindicate the right of the people to cxpr ss their , senliments upon po itioii! questions It was not ic j iny power to be present at the meeting, and i. liters ; has prevente 1 me until the present moment from an | s waring your letter. I answer it now, to ugh lute. | both to expla n my appiron inoivilty. an I also be | cause I think that in the present crisis no loyal citi zen ought to shrink from the expreesion of his opin ion. j The action that has taken place sinco your meet i ing was hel ! convii ces tac that it is the intention ! ol the President and his advisers to crush opposition ; o their act- by means of f iree and terror. For this purpose they have estajlished and do now actually j enforce martial law in several loyal States, and they ; will doubtless do the same in New York, anl every ■ where else, unless they are made to know that the | people will not submit to it. To many persons the words "martial law" do not i convey anv very definite idea. They know th it it ; is something very harsh and rigorous, and summary, j but they suppose th it it bears some resemblance to all other 1 iwsof which thev have heard or read, in this res j>c- f at least; that it define? offenses tnl fixes j their punishment. And I ea(.not but suppose that j in any of those who clamor for it? establishment are i nor int that it is nothing in tho world but the .übso lute nn I unres nrn ■ 1 will of the military chieftain. Permit me, then, to give tv des.-ri. t.on of martial law upon the authority of the highest ju licial tribu nil of our c> i i'ry. Tt s 1 mgu igr is th it of Ju Ige WooJl ury, in delivering the opinion of the court in case determined by the Supreme Court of the Unit- Ie l Stales : "By it," says the court, "every citizen. | instead of reposing under tho shield of known and fixed laws as to his liberty, pr perty and 1 fe, exists ; with a rope round Ins neck, subject to be hung up by j a military despot at the next lump-post, unlerthe sentence of some drum-head court martial." | Tt is true th it R-pu'dieans heve reason to believe ; that they will be safe from the honors of this 1 nw, under a republican Administration. No Republican J or Abolitionist has yet been nrrcs'ed, imprisoned or banished, nni they may reasonably calculate that Soneever will be. Su h persons are |emitted to ! stigmatize the Constitution as a league wiin hell, and insist that the war shall be prosecuted, not to restore the Union, but to destroy it. without being regarded guilty of any " dirloyal practice." The on ly sufferers, so tar, have been Democrats. Indeed, the very purpose for which the est.ihlishiue't of uinr ti ll law is sought by the managers of the clubs and lengue< is to destroy the Democratic party. And we find it declared in en officiaF document, em mat ins from the rt'ar Dep-.rtment, that to support the De aocrfttio party is to support the cause of the reb els. This terrible engine, then, is to be set in mo tion by one politieal party for the persecution of an. other, arming neighbor against neighbor, and setting issues in every household. Tho machinery is pre pared. Already the secret societies are in motion, hound by what oaths I I-now not. That they who desien these things design all their dreadful conse quences Ido not believe; but they know little of human i ature and little of history who cannot dis scrn them. Under a simple despot there is equality ; from a single despot there may be hope of escape But the worst form that despotism can assume is that of the tyranny of party over party ; and if any thing can add to its horrors it is wheu the doimmnt faction is inflamed by fanaticism and led by priest^ Watt mitiers it ih-at these men areconscientous— that (bey act under a sense of duty, of religious du ty f Ido not impeach their ruittves. Ttio more conscientious tbey are, the worse. All fanatics are conscientious, an I it is this that makes their tyiamiy of all tyrannies the most insufferable. What we can and ought to do, beyond the mere expression of our sympithy, iu aid of our oppressed countrymeu in Ohio, Kentucky an I Indiana, is a sub ject upon which it tuay be as well at present to say nothing. Let us wait the course of events. We have nu immediate question to determine for our selves, and that is whether wo will permit the es* tablishment of the same species of government in our own State, a government which uot only no E giish inan anl no Frenchmen would endure, but against which the very lazxaroni of Naples would revolt.. I do not speak of exceptionable cases of an extreme public necessity such as we may imagine, though their occurrence is not at alt probable; but I speak of systematic acts, done unlcr cl iim of tight, without necessity, up >n false pretences; arts which are not only flagrantly unconstitutional. but utterly subver sive of liberty and of Uw, and of which the mani fest teuieucy, if not the purpose, is, not to maintain the Union, but to destroy it. I atn sure that we will not submit to this, and we ought to say so plainly. I have uo faith in any petitions, protests, or remon strances, that fall short of this, There is no uaogor in leaving the President ignorant of our purpose. I am not sanguino enough t • hope for anytning from hs sense of justice or respect for the law. The pow ers that control him, whether spiritual or terrestrial, will do to us whatever we will suffer, but are not likely to attempt that which tbey know we will not suffer. At the same time I deprecate all resistance that is not strict!v constitutional. Let UJ uot only sub mit to, but support all proper authority. The Presi dent claims the constitutional power to establish martial law over the body of the people in the loyal C tales. We deny it. Let the courts determine the question. The judicial authority is vested in the courts, and not in the Presi lent, the Congress, or the army. It is as uiucb the duty of the Presi dent as of any private citizen to submit to thit au thority If he resists it he becomes a u-urper, ani may I imself be lawfully resisted. Anl, on the other hand, if any court or ju lgo, acting under the form? of la w. shall auction his monstrous assump tions, let us in turn submit; not because there in iy not be ju It_-i.il as well as executive usurp iti >n, an l the same right in extreme cases to resist the one as the other, but on account of the condition of the country and the uoublo diagersthut assail us. In this way there maybe occasb-na' acts of tyranny, <is has been already, but upou the whole the r> siraint of the judi.-i try will be foua I a Jeq-i its t our pro tection it the President himself wi.l respect it. Put if any citizen of ih;s:rtatj shall be arrested or imprisoned by military men, or by provost marshals, or other officers acting under the authority of the President, and the court before whom the qnesliou shall be brought shall determine that be is entitled to his liberty, then, if in spite of this. de.-isi ..1 force shall be used to detain him, there ought to be no hesitation to support the judiciary in opposition to military usurpation, and I should regard it as base an 1 cowardly not to do so, unless ia the fie of such a force as shoul 1 make resist tnee qa te hopeless If it should be s..id that su. h action woul d impede the successful prosecution of the war, I answer that it is bitter that a tuition should lose a portion of its territory th in its liberty. And if for this cause the re bellious States ibali succeed in establishing their in dependence, the fault will be that of the tidministra tion; an l the people, driven to choose between two eviis, will have wisely chosen that which, beyoud all comparison, is the least. The times require, in a very h'gh degree, the exenise of the virtues of courage and prudence.— Moderation in our counsels will give us strength and unity in action Let us accept as our leader, him whom not less merit th in position designates, (tnc Chief M igistr •te of our State,) and follow and sup jK>rt that moderate aud patriotic, but not feeble or unmanly, jtolicy which he has reeommen led anl en forced with so much dignity an 1 success, an 1 I shall yet hope that the Union may triumph over both classes of its enemies—the Southern Secessionists and the Northern Abolitionists. I remain, gentlemen, very respectfully, yj r ser vflnt, WILLIAM DCER. To Gideon J. Tucker, John Ilar.ly and AuJrew Mahewson, Esqs A Look Into the l^uture. It is well for every citiz n to inquire into the future of his private affairs. Still m- ro dots it become his duty to d> so when the politiucal and Social state and the destinies of his country are at stake, as his private af fairs cannot prosper if tie w hole country is to be diet opted and ruined. Of course, thriving politicians and con tracers make an exception, as they, like vultures, feast upon the blood of the people, and enrich them selves on the misfortune and humiliation of the ci unirv. 'J hey care not how many liven are lost and how much misery is entailed provided that " greenbacks" are plenty, and their value undiminished. Stop the war, with its untold sufferings ami sorrows, and you end the bus ness of the contractors. The olject of the war is to subdue the South hy f rcc of anus. Other meat sto end this w ai do not exist—as both the Republicans li "d tfie Secessionists South will not listen to any other. Besides, we fear, the confiscation end emancipation lulls u ake a peace ul sett I. mint improbable ; for it lies not ve Mhin the character of the Anglo S.Xon to submit voluntarily and without a struggle to ihe ) oke of slavery and despotism, C"ii siqiienlly, according to present appearances the war will be carried on until the Sooth is conquered and subdued, or the North coiu- I tiled to acknowledge the independence of the South. Suppose, now, that the arms of the North shall be successful in c nq oeriiig the S 'Ut'i within the next two years. Of course that can only be done by fighting inch by inch, and vanquising one Statu atier the other, al the same tune entirely anuiliilatiated the Southern armies; for annihilate I, we apprehend, they must be h-forv the war ever i I be filtiished. They liav eno al ternative biit % to light, as the con fiscal ton and i Btauci- I a'i"n bills would stem to make any off, r ol the ol.ve branch nugatory. Thus, hundieJs of thousands of lives on both sides will be lost, and as it has become one of the "necessities' of the war' cities, towns, a,,6 TillageTufth States thus conquered will be burnt to th' ground or iterwise demolished. Upon the smoking ruins we then e th, ghastly faces of half starved white w l)raen , n(J children, whilst <he negro tiutles being enrolled in the United State* i fr vice, will in fact be tho misters of the *, n . Besides the negro troops, more that, |,„ n . dred thousand wnite soldiers will b*r to be retained ail over tbe South, (l , prevent any further outbreak of the f, w remaining white males that have outl ?e a the war, an 1 of the boys vrh | h meant line shall have grown into manhood Not only the Commerce, but all tfie gn cu | tura! resources of the South will hare Vu entirely destroyed, and the immense tax*, lion accruing from the war debts, and th necessity of keeping a standing army o [ tl least two hundred thousand men, will f t jj almost entirely upon the shoulders of th,. Northern people, whose producing force will have been more than crippled by the enor mous loss of valuable lives. In fact n ie South wi'l them be the Poland" of. America and " order will reign in Warsaw. But the Union will then be restored ej. claim lhe Republicans ! Yes, the " Union" will be restored ; but what a " Union" W; || that be, when it is Built upon the rums of one half of the country, and the grave* of* million of men I What "Union" will thi Br, if 233.000 bayonets will constantly be necessary to keep the then remaining poeu lation of the South in subjection ! What a " Union" will that be, when black soldiers shall be the masters and at biters of the whits inhabitants of the South, dictating to them wi h tlie mu.ket ill hand, what they under stand to be " c m*titutiona!"or "Republican'* law, or act as executioners of those that are not tamely and quietly accepting their inter prettiiion ! What a " Union" will that be, when the amalgamation doctrines of the Ab olitionists are going to be carried out by force, and when a negro uHeer considers it a sigh of disloyalty if a white men refuses to hand over h:a daughter to him ! Ar. 1 in the North, how will tilings look? Will the jo pie there he entirely free from military despotism, when there are no South ern armies to li r ht any mors ? Will the ma ny auventurers that in no small degree till our annus quietly submit to be discharged from an easy and lucrative position, to be ex changed, in fortunate cases, with that of a bar keeper, <>r to be exposed to want, or at least to the necessity of t0.3 and labor?— And, having such elements am >gst us, will it be so v t r difficult f r a certain party to u?e these men for c'ec ioneeritig ptirp e*. them employment and other etnol ttinenis in c?e of being able to carry ths Presidential, election in IBG4 ? Thef* are in ny more conniderntions that should fully occupy the thinking mind. It is always right to n.r.=o a littl.- oti the coitso qtii IICL-S ofout actions. Perhaps, by doing so. we may yet arrest them, and good may follow where nothing but evil Was Sown. We do not lo >k at tilings only in their dreary aspect. \\ e wish we could see noth ing bi happiness and prosperity, blessed by tile sunlight ol Constitutional Liberty, wluci we have bee n permitted toei j.-y until the outbreak <>i the present struggle. But, ne'er ihele-s, we consider it our holy duty to utt.r words of waimng. while there is yet tunc lor us to do so Ex. •Highly Commendable." A corr-sp ndi t of a northen newspaper writs 11 ■r. t tit the licettt hat tie of pi ft lliii'- soii a iiogro soldier -ecu lying upon prostrate foe, tearing with his teeth the llvsh from tie face id the latter. Thesmr.ee respond ent writes that the negri.es were behaving very handsomely, and thai their bravery wa undaunted. During the rebellion on tie Island of St. Domingo, the stand aid of the negroes was. in one instance, the body of a while infant, vhic/t lh"y hud in)f ulfil on u stake. A Mr. Bleu, an officer of the police, • nailed alive to one of the gates of his pitn.'a tmti, and loh limbs usre chnjped i If, one by one, with an axe. A poor man mum i\ Robert, a carpenter by trade, while endeavoring to conceal himself from the no'ice et the negroes, was discover ed in h s hiding-plaee. 'These '•humanitari ans'*' declared in at he should die in the vcy of his occupation. Accordingly, they bound him t t ween two boards, and deliber ately suiced him asunder. All 'tie winte, and even the mulatto chil*- tlt wo wl.oee lathers had nut joined in tin* re volt, were mmdered without exception, fre quently before the ryes or clingi g to the bo soms of their mothers. leui g wotueii ol ill ranks Weie first violated by a who!* iroop of "froedmen," ami tlien generally put todeat'i. .Some of them were, indeed, re served for the furthei gratification of die lu-t of the victors, and other* *d their eyes .-cooped out with a knife. Many them suffered violation on the dead bod it* of their husbands and fathers. In the }a 11 is It if Dei u be, a venerable planter, the father of two beautiful yot'g l#di was tied dou n by an "accomplished" ringlet" er of a band, who ravished the eldest dau r h' er in his prsenre, and delivered over th youngest to one of his followers. Their p**' ion* b tng satisfied, tlie\' slaughtered both tt.e father and the daughters. Tlu-e facts, and many others, we h aT ® fioin Bryant E I wards, an eye witness of tb* Uevolu n.n oj St D •ining-.u. Oil, yes ; the negr.-es will fight— only rmJ,e their slumbering African barbarism ! If th*y have net done all their brethren did at St- D"" mingo, we uuest excuse them, on the ground that thus far the opportunity has hceti ' Tjnt * ing. 'I he negro organization has nut ) tl been c unpleted ; only a few leg inents been formed. Let ther be liltv era liurtd ,v thousand in a r ms, n i win doubts th*' u " r negroes will not he worthy of their hrethto® "f St. Domingo? It is a gu#ul begintunff w tear the fh sh from It e lace of a tal'eth P* r haps wounded, enemy with the tseth ' Whither are we tending ? Are wo living 111 the nineteenth cervturv ? or have we, wit-' all our boasted enligliitncnt and rcfi |ietr,en ' relapse 1 into the middle ages ? Are *• Christiana if we suffer such babaritie* commit ted in our midst ? Is the Uutoit t" saved in such a manner ? fl ve we I"*' 3 fear of God and Ilia just retribution 'hat should a met ion such crimes 1 4V °l"lit leaders aud statesmen forgotten that w' they enjoy, during their lifetime, th* tiuri of the whole civilized world, certainly class them amongst th# Wl,rs that ever lived ? Or do they think to c C3 r History 1 —£>.