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North Branch democrat. [volume] (Tunkhannock, Pa.) 1854-1867, July 22, 1863, Image 1

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ainVBT SICKLER. l , ro,flctor.]
I -ilorth Branch Srnnurah 1
I i weekly Democratic -f __
I devoted to l'ol- 1
F :■■ "■ A, ls fa !-p < I
1.,;.. csi,-. IV- -!p § I H3s> i :
. 1 every U i In.'-- t /, iv£2s?v
in- Tutikliannock,
in? County, Pa. J V i&b dj
| -V HARVEY SiCKLER. ' S>*4£7 I
. I
| Term* -I 1 L , " (M a,IV -"" C) " lf I
I r ;>:iin within .-ix mouths, ... Ul " " e ,
___ I
I |'i lines or
[ I; ,cj. iiii'iV .'/ir<v four !iro three sir <>nc
u „t fiare icciks weeks mo /'• mo'ih mo'lit year
I-.liiire I.o>' I--"' 2:1"-) 2.87 3.GU- 5.00
■> -i.Oii 2,30 3,23 350 4,50 t!,00
3 jn, 3,00 3,75 4,75 5,50 7,00 9.00 j
J Column. 4,00 4,50 6,50| 8,00 10,00 15 00
I jo. 6,00 7,00 10,00 12.00 17,00 25,00 i
i jo. 8,00 9,50 14,00 18,00 25,00 35,00 |
1 do. 10,00 12,00 17,00 22,00 28,00 40,00
Business Cards of one square, with paper, 95.
iTOZQ woni£
~11 k • Is i,. i:!y cvTUtc 1, an I at prices to suit
Business Notices. 1
')HOV S'l AN J*. —Nicholson, )*..— <' !. 1
1> -f •. .n l'r -pri.-tur. [' 1 uTO t i
it .. . < <><>;; i;. i ' . " • 1 AN A.' : .!.
! 1.
i i 'l'm. ~on I*.T Oil: • • in .-'irk- i. : u
. U, i: :i >♦!"•
t i M AT. 1M V IT. AT! i lit NMY AT I.AW. ii|-
... •.I trick l>lov-k, T1..-1 .-r . Tuuk
i.ii:ii< 1. I'..
' AIV. ( ;':i 'o uii Tioga street, Tunkhaitnoek. ,
I:. l.iTTir .1 lUIVVITT.
\ V -MiTIl. M. T). PllYsiCl ,\\ ,'c Sl'l'vi!LwX,
' .. !'•; <h mio-k, I'll.
1 5 Alt\ I.'i -It KLMK, %'•"!' '• : I '7 1 vw
ii " I Sr. l*<; strset, tipjHisite Wall's Hotel, l'unkhan
n ... l'a.
if. lIIIOA.IDS, 7\/T. I) ,
(7r :Jim(e of the Tnirersity of Penn'u

• i;s i V evv. kan 1 vi hiitv. !!'• <■ in 1 ■
Drug St .re. or at his resideu e on I'utn-iui Street.
i.I AT Till; i M.i.-. V. ; 1.1. \ m !r :rm.. 1

DH. .1. r lit v'Ki .11 <Y <"(>.,
I'IIT-hiina >! i:<;i;t>\
W bW rcsjieclfully announce to the citizens of Wy
n.'ng that fhey hive 1.; ited at Tunkh.irntork vvher
ley will promptly attend to all calls in Hie line of ,
i.eir Mu- he found at his Drug Star-. •
*lic not pro;" -.-iuruiilv ai.sciit.
T W 1 WEV, M. I).- ((Ira luate ■ the
• AJ Institute, Cmc-innati) would respectfully
announce t > tiie citizen- <>l AVyoining r.n i l.uzeriie
i . urn! if.-, i iiit he c .ntiiuiis his iigu! ir pr oti in He'
larions departuients of his profession. Alaj t.n , nit!
>' his office or residence, when not professionally ah
i of
" fJ'arii--ul.tr attention given to the tr-atuici.t
h iironie Discas.
eiitreiiiorelau'l, AYyoming Co. Pa.— v2r.2
Tl \ lv II AN \()( K, U YOAIINt. ( <) . J*\
T'illr eitahlishincnt li.i.s n I<-i r i and
furnished in tiie latest style Kverv atteiiii' :i
ill he given to th comfort and convenience ol those |
*w patronize the House.
T. 1. WALL, Owner and Proprietor.
Tunkhannoek, September 11, 1861.
Hm. 11. COR'J'K I(<1IT, Prop'r
RAYING resumed the proprietorship of the a hove
Hotel, the undersigned will spare no effort to
rentier the house an agreeable place of sojourn for
*ll who may favor it with their custom.
June, 3rd, 1863
MAYMBD'S hotel,
T f 'XKII \ \ \(M K.
uYO MIX ( C 0 1" XT Y , I'EXXA.
•I 011 N >| \yNA R1) , Proprietor.
HAVING taken the Hotel, in the TV.rough of
Tunkhanncck, recently occupied hy Kiley
"amor, the proprietor respectfully solicits a share oi
I'" lie patronage. The House has hcon thoroughly
repaired, and the comforts and ai. •.sj• <.■ 1:11;•..... t.t a
first class Hotel, will he found hy all who may favor
t with their custoiu. September 11. l^ll.
AlGTlaia N
y .
\T GII.M AX has permanently located in Tun';-
LVI. Lain, -k Borough, and respectfully tenders ba
professional services to the citizens of this place and
urrounding country. ,
r ACTION. 4 , „
; Office over Tuttou's Eaw Oflme, near t., c 1 os
Dee. 11, 1 SGI -
Blanks 11 Blanks I I!
justice's, Constable's, and legal blanks of Ml
-tiuis. NtalLy and Correctly primed on ?oo<l I aycr. t
ind for sale at tbe Uthee of the " Xorth Branch^
Ihaocwt'l _ , .
J J for sale at LUX J \ is 1
apt. 13 iBUL
SlM:iu ii.
imi.IYKKKI) A T ION Coll I), ,| ( j, Lv 4 J HD.A
loan Approving Audience of 30,000 !
Mr. President, Indies ,tnd Ge nllemen : I
- .111 i for the first time on the soil of New
L :| ;-Mund. I look for the Inst time 011 the
in nvsty of i,ei<mountain* and the beautiful
fnceof her Miieys. . f te | for the first time
fann ng nr. cieeK the winds that arise from
fr 1:n '>t'. a1 MI I.c ocean at her feet. I have
b hel i o the lir 'ime ho-e bl otning achieve
mi nts I;u '. -1 . <•. ]"STi . 'vlnch lone
: v
P"HI. .. • '. 1 ' ' v i .'. . ,i
her le.s 111. : .
ty t'l t'Vi V at , Wet > j pii !(~
>ti nes which iiill ii ilie ie 111 >el my h>y In ini
with a burning duvoti m io the mem rv o'
tiie great deed, ami which have inspired the
mamrer years of mv inanlioo l with an unal
teiahli' 1 ,-ve! e;."e ( >r t .'ieir princijdes and con
' id ' avi ! r the !ir~t lime saiuieil mv eve
!• is to nie is a land o| !ii>tory. Every sie[t
in your miiDt cith to my nmid the iinperish
-1'• e ui> Ire i tin* pasi, the dear memories of
iin iv f • ti :*• 11s •!'*• day Oiun
tins. A 1 in; .• reverently bent
few;. I ■> t|. :i pi t v NeW E' ghlllll I ! l'.l \
the .11 _• s" - i f 1 >7*" ' 1 .ir tor. Ib, tl'. bit
! ' o'ljii SI: e. r ll
Mini e -:ran,■ ' \
1 I 1 !' Id S 1111 i M • I I!. ' -1
pt';l, to t 1" (' thll Vet
Pt the i .tegrfy !" •• v v
I' • : ' u j" s "" 1,3 I '
I>rule, to d 1 y c.' :z ■ • '- s • 11 111 re, one
1 ; the gr. 1 ann' Vi 1 - 11- 1 n e anna!- ol t lie
w i Id. Hv n'- r'v 11 nice to dates.
I'l.e proxies- I loini .ii i - ma ked and
ma- loa t •m i .f h'-'orv lv > i -red
. iy- : ! r.mmen rongr.tillition and na'i nal
i* -d .'ity livery pi M| le have thim, hui
whose anniversary ••! j >y an ! pride has been
so full fg! try a- thi b Mi lay o! t'ori-M'u-
M • 'i l.'lr I'V ? ~ I o - . I s • t" !
■hi.pi : ' -p . . ,ai ,is i|-
I iv all lad • ; , . ID 1 rr
lar ol I•- p. :,!> . | I I I, t eb o
tng Cannon. 1 i e e . t i- - v u-i. •(
it n. We 1. .v- v . ■ ■ .!> D •: n " f
I.. c< . f all nations, lb i r.v. p . .•:!•■ in th.
tie flow mg clip t our .|- n.iv. V\ .■ -I d
n, n the top of the mountain an i claimed
kindred with (he stars. We cour-ed the
pathway of national greatness with the fleet
lies ot tiie eagle in his atrial home. Where
others crawled we 11,-w. That which other
na'i' 11 - reached l.y slow and painful steps we
i.t'aiiie-l at a single bound We disdained
the measured gait and plain experience of
otlmr people and other ages. We struck
b . ! dly tl d at once wi He in tiie very inlancy
ofy.ar- for 'be da/zbng and dangerous
Leigh's of national supremacy. We bore ri
vain w ;!ii impatu i.ee and to , rate 1 lie -upe
ri< rity i;i ,uy d -p u tment of human thought
or action. Nature seconded our national
j'i ,de. < Fur Country, vast, various and prolif
ic as an ii mtern fable presented and still pre
sents -uch a heatre for industrial and scien
tiiic enterprise a- was never before the herit
age of any of the childien of men. The
sweeping rivers, the inland seas, the illimita
ble plains oi unwonted fertility, the shelter
ing harbors of commerce all proclaim the
munificence of the ' Yeator to this Western
world. The Liovernnient formed in the hap
py days of our nafi"nal puiity stimulated
tliesC elements oi physical gre■ m.-> into
marvelous activity. Devii -p; . wed
deVelopmeiH with the an .e. Tim
imagination was tewdduieu 111 K*. i-|iiii. pace
with the reality. Fancy pau-ed on a tired
pinion far short of the lofty peak on which
fact sat securely perched. Ties is but a fee
hie and faint picture of the emotions and
entimcnts which have inspired occasions
like this in former years, 'ihere were 11
• its ihen on the sun. The unbroken theme
o! every tongue was the boundless happiness*
individual and national, which filled our bor-
J .Cis. 1 would gladly prolong this pleasing
theme to da v. 1 would £, ; uiiy talie up in,'
accustomed strain of congratulation I wouid
gladly surround tiii- occa-i m with tlie bright
oinens which have cheered similar assembla
ge in former times. Hut we stand in the
presence of a sad and mu'illated picture. —
The bright dream of the nation's vouth is
over. The enchanter's spell, under which we
ro-e so high, <s broken. The illusion tha'
we were invincible against evil fortune, and
invulnerable to the Giafts o( mah volent <h-as
ter has been rudely dispell'd \N e stand
naked to-day to the biting wind- of terrible
adversity. The noise of our grief fills the
whole earth. If we are asked to sing the
sontrs of our prosperous days we will be si
lent and weep as did the daughters of Israel
when they remembered Jerusalem in their
captivity, and hung their harps upon the
willows, and mingled their tears with the
waters of baby lon. Our Eden has been sunt
ten with a curse. Its sky is darkened with a
raging tempest. The lightnings glafe upon
us in hate. American soil is drunk with
; fraternal blood, and encircled with a sinister
land ghastly fertility by the commingled
1 tones of brethren. Sobbing borrow is in
' every gale. The mother weeps within her
widowed home. The cry of the fatherless
goes up strong to the face of the Almighty.
A crime without a nauic, and without paiai
lei, has been committed against humanity in
North America. Let us reckon with our
daikened prospects and shattered hopes as
becomes the descendants of an unfaltering
and indomitable race. Let us keep the book
of events fairly and honestly recorded as we
move forward on the stream of timu. Let us
attach responsibility for our woes where it
beloitg®-., n aid of impartial history Lei us
look uri,.!y In Ihe lace of the thick coining
I evils of the present hour, in order to over
come and escape them, Let us 100, it such
power be given us, penetrate "lie tliiouueu
and sombre luture an l delvi'iniia to s-une
,x h .>' e *' ,l aw a; - ' : >e Aim-ri
i; , ,t- ! - - : M e anoal e
> up --1-, thai ii"
'p. O i '1 ai I. - I luie in ome
canst • i.I <II-,IV-s as a nation. I fail to
perceived the propriety ol this position. A
close investigation into the circumstances
which have lost us our high estaie is one ol
the principal means by which it is to be re
gained. Tins is especially true if it shall be
found that the same causes which brought
calamity, and put the sun which shines on
this anniversary in eclipse, continue to exist
and increase in inteimilied and aggravated
forms. II JW plain and simple, my fellow
citi/. us. seem the lesson- ol the past on this
-nhj e ! 11 >w b.l lly cau-e an i ellcct there
land ' in the e \ e O! I tie can lid student of
.->i > ! i' ; i e ■ i wr lien, supreme
i. 1.. -iin- peace arid siahilitv
. ... i* \.i .• W'i iiont this. Govern.
... .*i i.\ -i I lie necessity lor a clearly
.ill. ■ d luu ia.ie-n al. oigainc law by which to
M-deem society trout cioios itas been recogniz
coin cVety period of civilization. And this
Would he an idle achievement unless it oh
lamed obedience. 1 here mu-t be a a andrd
to which all render allegiance. It may be
repugnant to some. It may not be entirely '
harm nious in all its parts with the views of ,
any. lint .-uc.i sacrifices at'e compensated by '
the ble-sing- of*order, law an 1 security. In
thisspuit the American Constitution was
..HI U'. It wa- is w.fii d tfie wis.slant
puii-i too-, .tin nk,. wii t history in con
nee: i II witfi civil afl'Mlt was made i"
v. w . o 11-.. in ..i- a •! varied inter
- Hi i. I .- i(. d lilt II end exist null'. Il
- not, I-I-I I. what any .no tueinbef of !
(fiat iinni >rtal e -tiventi in would have framed
.1 H ! smgli t" f mi-el! : hut etch Mate, each
.section and every interest laid something on
tile altar of compromise, and the angel ol
concord hovering over the scene accepted the
grate!ul saci dice, and cemented the Union.
Ihis Constitution, thus obtained, became at
once entitled to the obedience of the citizen
l'lie early day- of the Republic present a glo
rinus uniloi mity of alfectionate attuchinetit to
ttie body of our I nimi and the charter of our
liberties, lint at a later period there arose
a generation wiser and purer in their own
conceit than tire fathers, l'hey discovered
such defects in the Constitution as so re I v
touched their consciences. They were not
content with its provisions on a subject
which at the time of its adoption was common
to every State in the Union. They were not
satisfied with the stipulations which it origi -
nally made to obtain a Union. And without
which they well knew no Union would ever
have been formed. T.iey declurdb disobhdi
ence to the Constitution a Christian virtue.
Tiny commenced a determined, deadly and
unending war against its authority and its
integrity. The truth ol what I say is known
of ail men. The gehri of that party which
now administers the affairs of this G"vcrn
lllll||| lirst arpearcd iimrc riian a quarter of a
cenutiy ago filling the w .nd with its clamor
agamst the allege I wickedness "I the Ameri
can Constitution. Its phrenzted face con
fronted the public at all seasons and places.
It seized upon the engine of the press. It
stalked into the forum. It rushed into the
pulpit and repudiated alike the Bible and the
Constitution. The Courst were its derision
and mockery. ' l had 110 C j at was visible
to mortal eye. There was an unseen, un
known, lntrngtbßs higher law to which it
avowed its allegiance The great chief of the
\*„;-Mern sectional party Win. 11. Seward,
adopted this heresy, and by doing so prolong
ed and dignified, so far as dignity can b'j
given to crime, the original element o'
disobedience to law winch has culminated in
funeral soriows to the laud. Ihe doctrine o
a logher law than the Constitution in civil
a flairs is the doctrine of civil war. It is a
Imi 11 tain <>f blood. No government can survive
in peace the ascendency of such a principle
I'd tin- cause, to tiiis spirit of rancorous
disobedience, to this introduction into public
alfairs of a principle at war with all govern
ments, rendering kindred heresies 111 other
sections and entailing a wide-spread brood of
pernicious dogmas in tlu> country, is to he
attributed, in my solemn judgment, as 1 shall
answer to God for the rectitude of my motives
the long train of bitterness, agitation, sectional
hatred and alienation culminating in a civil
war whose lurid and inflamed visage now
appals the nations of the earth. W ill 11 he
said that this persistent defiance of the
Constitution in the North was harmless?
llist hi*v will not so make the record. D b-ru
the fruits of di eoi'd in a horrible abun Inure.
It did riot content itself with empty deuuuci-
ation. It resisted the laws of Congres'
enacted within the plain provisions of the
Constitution. State governments were turn
ed against the Federal Government. The
Courts were defied The Union was divided
and spurned as in the way of enlightened
progres. All these things are familiar, nor
uo 1 recite them in your hearing for their
novelty, but in these days of savage reproach
es'for disloyalty certain features in the history
of American politics cannot be too frequently
presented to the public. It would perhaps be |
a more grateful task 011 this and ali other occa
sions to spend our time in loading the heavy j
burthens of ourlla lonal oflencee on distant)
i vjcli' 'is. It gratifies tiie love of -elf to I)uii:s>li j
run ~111 -vn doorsctpsal! complicity with the |
c.iuse> u nci] have led to our crU'd con lition . j
We - ioiii.l gladly proclaim to God an Ito 1
poster.ty Dirt vve are wiluout sin—that we !
imve been the patient, meek ana enduring j
victims of a feroch us and aggressive spirit 1
on the par: ol the .Southern Slates through- i
out all oij'" past history. lam aware that i
such language is alone to be adjudged to be i
loyal now by those who have always hereto- i
fort-hel lth .t the blessings and glories of
the American Union were covenanted with
the dismal pains and dark ah do.s of iieil.—
But at the risk of their denunciation 1 shall
at all times endeavor first to deal justly with
our own faults ami crimes before I g > wan
dering 111 quest of the faults and crimes of
others to correct. As we are dealing in bit
ter and vengeful wrath with the rebellious
-ectioualisiu ot the .South, vve can certainly
allord to consider justly our own. Let us.
in some measure at least, anticipate the cool
verdict o| ins:ory. In sum distant age, when
the a<>ar ami tumult of the present aie heard
no more, when ibe moss is growing on the
tomhsloiies of all t.'ie actors of this bloody
and baleful hour, when broken hearts arc at 1
rest, \\ iicn the gentle evening biv /.e is no |
longet filled with the v nee ol tears, when I
wounds and heart acnes cease to 0 ■ rcmem- !
beied, when the fires oi pi--:on and 1 veuze
have gone out, then ft mi the mr. n. ami tin- i
disturbed heights of it u ami political |
philosophy (he judgment ■ t the w- rid will I
be announcid. > u tlieio d:so! . hence is '
the suprem law. N r;hern discontent aid j
No 11lie 111 njrilatii nof the q a-s 1..21 of s!av ry
will be recognized as the cause, and S >uth i
i'l'ii seces-ioii and armed r b h; n as the el- 1
feet. i - .mat i; .1 .u si. u, i he girded ;
about us bi.o a ... of sack j
cloth at evui . -u-p w• t h.n m t,e struggle I
now before us. it will enable us to dis- j
charge our duties in tiie spirit of Christian
charity. lie who goes through the world
with his self-righteous head in the clouds, !
unwilling ci unable to see his own conspicu- i
ous deformities while waging a war of cxter- i
mutation against the crimes and follies of oth- j
crs, is a being offensive to God and man j
.Shall vve as a government continue through
time exibit this miserable spectacle tiie dis
gust and derision of impartial inankin 1 ; or !
shall we not rather endeavor to train the public i
mind back into the channels of even handed !
justice and restore the administration of oui'
affairs to the equal and benignant precepts o!
the fathers ? Let us lir.st settle honestly with
onrselvs and purge our national councils of
those t'flences against the institutions of the
Republic which we seek to punish in others,
and then we may confidently invoke the arm
of a just God in aid of our efiorts to restore
national unity and peace. Let us make open
atonement for the drama enacted by red han
ded fanaticism on the soil of Virginia in ISo'J
in pursuance of the teachings of a now domi
nant political party. It is doubtless easy
and Convenient now to forget that public hon
ors were paid in neraly every State in the
North to the memory of those who fired the
first gun in the mortal strife which is now
raging. But these facts are locke andd bol
ted in the vaults of the inexorable past, there
awaiting the use which posterity will make
of them. And that abrupt chasm in the
mountains winch bind together dliferent sec
tions, that gaping rent in the design of na.
tare' that broken ridge at Harper's Ferry will
hold a place in the history of the great civil
war of America asa forerunnerand a prophecy
The raven lias croaked the hoarse and bod- i
infir notes of war and disaster to the cause of 1
the Union from Us fatal battlements in every \
stage of the unnatural and revolting tragedy
which there enacted its first scene. Shall
we turn away affrighted on this occasion ;
from the appaling spectacle which the wand
of truth summons from the bosom of the
past? Do we dread to gaze steadily and
earnestly at imperishable facts which lindci ,
lie this great convulsion and rock this con
tinent and the world to-day like the uneasy ,
giant imprisoned beneath the volcanic moun
tain? If we do, we are not worthy to as
pire to the control of a nation's welfare. It
we do we would be found incompetent to the j
task of correcting thobe evils which we do- ,
plore. One more leaf allow me to turn in
this chapter of disobedience to law as the j
cause of our national humiliation and suffer
ing. Sectional hostility to the Constitution
culminated, after years of storm and discus
sion, in the elevation of a man to the Chiel ,
Magistracy of the nation wlmso claims upon
1 his party to that distinction consisted in hi* !
I bold avowal of revolutionary principles. 1
appeal to thw spirit of truth, and demand
i that the American people shall deal suiccrely
1 with thOurelves. The I'm Adenof the
Lnited .States, e brief space prior to his elec
'ion, announced to his fellow-countrvmen as
'he deliberate result of his reflections and
exjierience, that the whole domestic economy
.of the States, the whole framework of the
1 internal policy oi the Government, must un
dergo a stupendous change or the Union
| must submit to overthrow. He was not
j content with the Constitution. Over the
y.naes of our ancestors he reviled their wis
; dotu and sought to weaken public confidence
in the result of their labors, and to bring in
to disrepute the Government as they made
t. These Northern States, these granite i
hills, these smiling plains, this constellation
of New England around the
cold, bright North sia-. were all to tahe back
to their bosoms that system of slavery which
they had long since expelled; or else, on
the other hand, the land of cotton and of
Cane was to revolutionize its social and in
dustrial system in obodience to the distant
and ungracious demands of the North ; or in
the event of the failure of both of these start
ling propositions, then the American Union
was to •' fall like Lucifer, the bright son of
the morning, never to hope again.' 5 This
was the logic of the President of the United
States, and with these views unretracted. he
| entered upon the duties of his high office.
* l-e was not content with the Constitution,
j States part slave and part free moved in har-
I'non j and fraternity under its control. No
I discordant, jarring sounds issued fiom their
i respective orbits. The law of their political
j gravitation was perfect. It was the result of
j a S e = experience, wisdom an 1 suffering, ap
plied with matchless skill to our peculiar
; interests as a nation. But he was not con
, tent with the Constitution. It had weath
| ered many storms, and vindicated its power
to meet all the demands of our unexampled
growth. It was as elastic as our far-reach
! ing boundaries, and as contracted as the
j sma.lest right of the humblest citizen. It
had listened to the voice of the cannon in
time of war, and j roved itself sufi! cient for
every military necessity. The Union was
the child of its fostering iove. It nursed its
infancy, and shielded its gigantic manhood
from every assault. But, disregarding its
-acr • 1 origin, overlooking its beautiful work
man-hip, blind to its mighty achievements
in P half < f union, liberty, and hum <□ pro
gress. an 1 K-eing nothing but what appeared
to them as a defect, the party now in power
boldly proclaimed, by their support of Mr.
Lincoln, the neccsvty for its change or its
destruction. 1 here aver, that in the whole
range of history no contest short of actual
armed revolt was ever waged iti more open
and avowed contempt and defiance of exist
ing institutions, of judicial decisions, of sa
cred traditions, and of fundamental organic
law, than the political contest which tri ~
umphed in the ascendency of the present
Administration. To what principle or de
partment of the Government was obedience
paid by the disciples of this destructive school
\of politics ? Mas it to 'lie Constitution
itself ? They had a higher law than it on
i the subject of slavery, which gave them the
liberty of disobedience to civil magistrates,
j\\asit to the legislation of Congress ? They
j brought it also to be tried at the bar of fa
| naticism, and if found repugnant to some
thin and shadowy dogma existing in the
! realms of an impractical transcendentalism.
I it too was rejected with that cool disdain or
I thai hot indignation which so well becomes
| superior virtue. Was it to the Bible, the
rock of ages, tower of truth, the light house
! of wisdom and inercy shining forever over
I the stormy waters? Did they yield it their
obediance as tho foundation ot all civil (dov
j ernment ? Not so. It too was brought to
; the standard of preconceived anu presumptu
! ous notions and prejudices, and tho provi
deuce and policy of God himself was there
arraigned and condemned. I dwell upon
: these recent facts of American history with
pain. lam quite aware of the awful circum
stances which now surround us and engross
every anxious thought. I ain quite aware
that a million of American citizens are in
arms against each other. 1 need not be re
minded that issues are now suspended in the
balance, on whose decision will depend the
future map of nations. T would be silent in
the presence of these great events, on all save
their solution, if tiie party now in power had
been content, when once in control of affairs,
to look to restoration and not destruction—
the restoration of Constitutional supremacy,
and not its further abasement—the restora
tion of the Union and not its irretrievable
overthrow—the restoration of peace and not
the prolongation of the horrors of war for its
profits and spoils. We might cover up for
mer crimes though they were freighted with
I our cmntry'R calamities, if some atonement
had been made. 1 have not dwelt upon the
pernicious issues of a former period as a jns
-1 tifictftion for the fearful scenes which sur
rounded us, but rather by their light to in
: terpret the meaning of strange and alarming
doctrines now fo- the first time put forth in
lliis (lovernment, and also to guide us in our
conduct in relation to the revoked States.
{ Let us pause hero on this 87th Anniversary
of American Liberty and investigate the
! principles on which the (iovcrnmcnt is no >
! condvictcd. Into what j erilou* and tenip-s
--tuous latitude have we drifted, under the
j pilotage of. d-scoii touted and revolutionary
, riar f\* ? •
stHulion, intfA y "° r '' Sr,CCt fcr Con
-imply used it, J" * ob,a i" P° wtr . U "
! official station as a l K,ssesa ' on of
j fo.ee to it, as,alt, the
: stitmions and principles of the country.
war upen the Sou th has net been sufficient,
j to gratify its sanguinary purposes. The
J present Administration seem intent on con
j ducting two wars at the same time. An open
convict has been waged from the commence
ment ot hostilities in the South to the pres
ent hour, on a large majority of the citizens
of the Northern States. Why do wise and
prudent men now everywhere dread and
predict civil war in the loyal States?—
' V. ould peaceful citizens, engaged in the hap
py scenes of domestic life, with the appalling
I spectacle of civil war in full view, transier
| its desolating tread to their own coru-f!e?<]fi
and hearthstones, without some cause as
deeply moving on the public mind as the
fierce hurricane (hat agitates the lowest
depths of the ocean ? Is the fault of a di
vided and restless public sentiment duo to &,
vicious and depraved people failing to appre
ciate the glory and honor of their country,
and inspired with no patriotic grief for its
deep afflictions, or is it not rather due to
the weakness and wickedness of incompe
tent and corrupt rulers ? Wc stand to-day
at the end of more than two years of desper
ate and gigantic war. No people ever made
more sacrifice, liluod Las been cheaper than
water, an I the wealth of the nation has been
sported with as the player rattles his dice,—
threat promises have from time to time in
flamed anew expiring public confidence, but
the people now no longer amuse themselves
with the illusions of hope. They dema id,
without further delay, to know for what pur
pose and in what cause they sweat, . I
bleed and die. And first they demand to
know whether this war cannot bo waged
without a corresponding war for the sup
an.2 uivi it&iow uf civil liberty in
the I'urth. It it cannot, then it must stop
for that if for no other reason. Extended
boundaries are desirable, the integrity of the
Inion is worthy of national ardor and devo
tion, but ti:- inalienable and indestructible
rights of man, declared in the declaration of
our independence and secured in the Con
stitution, can be bartered away in exchange
for no object within the scope of human con
cepuon. Boundaries w.ll grow again by tho
ir.-p ring force of our y uthfnl blood ; time,
the great physician for national as well as
individueljmisfortune, will pour its oblivious
balm into the gaping and gory wounds which
sectional hate has inflicted in this modern
strife between Cain and Abel. The rains
will descend and the fields will bloom again
under the hands of the husbandman. The
golden-haired goddess of the harvest will
preside over the fruits of the midsummer
and autumn, wasted commerce will revive
and flap its glad wings with a newness of
life iu all the four quarters of the globe.—
The flag, the beautiful flag of the free hear ts ?
only home, will still be known and honored
throughout the earth—all this, and more, of
renewed prosperity and national life we will
behold if the vital powers of personal liberty
older upon earth than Piatca and Marathon,
and radiant as an emanation of Divinity, shall
be preserved, and emerge at the close of tho
conflict unharmed by the flames. It will be
the angel of our resurrection. L might dwell
upon the influence of our free institutions in
achieving the past greatness of the country.
1 might take up that favorite line of thought,
so familiar to such an occasion as this, and
show that popular liberty has been the ma
jestic soul which has given to the Govern
ment its dignity, its grandeur and its power.
Other nations have borne the eagles of their
dominion farther than we have. They have
accumulated more wealth. Their cities have
outshone in dazzling luxury ami magnificence
any that point their spires towards the Amer
ican sky. Their commerce has brought
home more ample spoils from stranger lands.
Their population his been as the leaves of
the forest and as the sands of the sea shore.
But why do the attention and interest of
mankind turn from thorn with a souse of
relief and delight to the \\ esteru A\ orld ?
The student of ancient history drops the
bouk from his hands and forgets to resume
the story in gazing at greater wonders here
than any of which he reads, ot is the spirit
of liberty that has worked this wonder.—
Your fathers upon the rock of Plymouth,
with the wilderness and the savage before
them, the ocean and oppression behind them,
and the wintry storm over their heads, did
not reason on the extent ol the country the}
came to possess. They made no calculations
ol the wealth it contained. Visions of splen
dor did not float before their eyes. One in
quiry and one alone engrossed their minds ;
"Can we here be free ; W ill the shadow ot
our vine and fig tree he here unmolested by
inquisitors into the rights of private con
science ? Will civil and religious liberty
take root and live in this barren swi' ■ an
man here he the lord o( himself and in hi his
rights bv a well defined tenure ) M<*y .freo
thoughts here elevate the soul; may free
speech here justify the ways of men : an
may a free press hew, hke the *uii 1 ' !
of the sea illuminate the '* e" 1
_ . the world 1 v
j utwit vvuich yet hun D i ,Ui
Wane -
VOL. 2, NO. 49.

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