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M b ick riz. ovf 001? xz? 7f rr cents hviz, pa r for the 8 page herald and either THE BOSTON JOURNAL, OR N. Y. TRIBUNE, OR MIRROR & FARMER ONE YEAR IN VERMONT. i Lu rims YOL.XV1I.: WEST RANDOLPH. YT.. DIX'. 5, 1889. NO.10---84I. HERALD AND NEWS. Please enew Wow. Plen?e do u.s a great favor by re- TniiiL' now. or as soon as possible, if jour subscription expires Jan. 1, 1890 Willi over 2000 subscriptions expir ing at that time it will cause an im mense amount of extra work if you wait till after the first of Jan. and till we have taken your name from our list before renewing. We are working as never before to give you the best paper you have ever bad, for 1890, and it will help us greatly if you will renew soon. pp'Send us two new subscribers, as per terms on 3d page and we will send you the Herald free lor the coining year. I y Look over our club offers and if you wish to take advantage of any of them renew before January next as many of them will be withdrawn then. POVDER Absolutely Pure. i powder mvr varlwi. A maivel of mirtty, itraiffib and fliolesni'tit'f. More efononiirw man liw ordlmrv kfndrt. lil fJtllllOt Bolt! tD CmillMtt ft t"B with the mtiltHudt; of low t"t. short wttKht, aluniD r phosphate powders. Sold onlv In cam. JtoYAL liAKi.su I'uwuiCK to., 10C Wall bt. N. Y. HAVE Yl If no don't complain if you nave not tried RHEUIATINE Try it once and atop the aiifTeriiifr. It ia a Sure Cure for all kinds of Ithenmatiam. It will cure you as it haa many others. Ask your dru(jKit for it. Price $ 1 or 6 bottles for J. IX WHEELKR 4 CO.. Proprietor, West Randolph, Vt. Geo. C. Goodwin & Co., Wholesale Ajjenta, lloston. In Northern Siberia the ground is frozen permanently to the depth of GC0 feet. tee Lined goods are the only really comfortable thing to wear over leather boots and shoes. The WALES W GOODYEAR Company make a full line of Gaiters, (verhoes, &c, for men, women, mioses and children. You cannot af fwd to miss testing their Cloth Goods use the word WALES, your dealer for them. when asking A YANKEE KING ARTHURS COURT w A if NTS WANTED era Nil! beam 1 V-Jr ia rr . AGt 7 thouSmos oollars EX-MINISTER fHELPSON DIVORCE. lion. E. J. Phelps, our late minister to England, lias taken to writing for the Magazines and Reviews, and the publishers of some of these are evident' ly playing him as their trump card. He is certainly an interesting and instruct ive writer,and as long as he continues in his present style,both as to subjects and treatment, we apprehend that he is an infinitely more useful writer than Hen ry James or II. Rider Haggard. His latest venture is in the Forum on the subject of divorce. He has evidently made this a subject of considerable thought which lie carefully formulates, and the paper he presents will be a val uable addition to the literature of this subject. In common with most wri ters he deplores the increase in the number of divorces, showing that this is out of proportion to the increase of population. He makes the rather sur prising sfalcment that divorces are most numerous in those States that have the largest number of churches, the most elaborate educational machinery, and where the theory of morals is maintain ed at its highest point. He leaves his reader in a state of uncertainty as to whether he would teach that these Hre among the potent causes of divorce in asmuch as he does not explain. Wei do not doubt the truth of the statement but the causes that make for divorce are stronger than the influence going out from these institutions of ,a high civili- j zation. But he soon passes Irom tlie consideration of the state of the ques- tion to discuss the remedy. He anta ouizes the position of those who are la boring to secure Congressional action on the around that Con-Tress has no power to legislate in the matter, cer tainly outside of the District and the Territories. Those who are tailoring to secure through Congress uniform marriage and divorce laws arc seeking to centralize power in the general gov ernment, a proceeding against which our most thoughtful men are inclined to protest.. There are seeming advan tages in Congressional action but they are more than balanced by the possible dangers arising from the precedents it would establish. Our marriage and divorce laws are badly mixed, but so long as the nation is made up of forty odd independent, sovereign states in each of which the ruling powers have ideas of their own, we do not sec how the mixture can be avoided. Vt'e be- lieve with Mr. Phelps that there is no power over States that can enlorce uni ibrniity in domestic relations without endangering State independence. The remedy that Mr. I 'helps proposes is to forbid marriage to both parties in a di vorce suit. Keccnt legislation in some of the States has been aiming iu this direction. In Vermont the guilty par ty must wait three Vears before marry' ing. But this has proved a feeble bar' rier inasmuch as divorced parties can step over the line into adjacent States, marry and return at once. Under the proposed legislation there would be the same dilliculty. Divorced parties might be prevented from marrying under our laws, but a few hours ride and a few dollars' expense will bring parties into a region where they can ilefv our laws Alxmt all that Mr. Phelps can hope to gain by his remedy is, by increasing difficulties in the wav of re-jnarrying, parties may think longer lefbre taking measures to separate. He admits that such n law would impose a hardship upon the innocent part' in a divorce suit, but he says, "laws should be framed to secure the greatest good of the greatest number. The true and sound policy in legislation is that which is derived from a just survey of the whole field affected. anil not from a view of a small part of it." However true this may lie as a general principle to be observed in legislation, we do not be lieve in directly punishing the innocent for the sake of punishing the guilty. We do not believe the proposed method would check divorce so long as parties can go without the State and marry. We believe there is an injustice involv ed in this kind of legislation whether it can be made effective or not. It is true the restriction is to continue only until the death of one of the parlies.but this is only an immaterial modification of the severity of the restriction imposed. It seems to ns that the South Carolina method is preferable, or we might take the extreme measure of granting no di- i vorces at all for any cause whatever. Personally we do not believe t-at Christ intended to sanction diforcc, or thut the term "Scriptural divorce" has any inclining. Christ mentioned the fact that Moses admitted divorce in certain cases as a concession to human weak' ness, under the dispensation of the law, but he leaves upon us the impression that he did not intend that there should be any divorce under the dispensation of the Gospel. V e have carried out this idea of "concession to human weakness" until marriage is in danger of becoming a farce. 'Why not take up with the Gospel idea and know nothing of divorce m our system ol law. lhen if parties cannot live together let them separate but never with the idea of re marrying. Under such a system par ties will hesitate a good while before concluding to separate. We simply propose this as preferable to Mr. Phelps' theory. Growtb of West Randolph in 1889 OVKK S1XTV TllorSAND IMH.I.AHS I XV F.ST- Kl IS nkw m ilium; and I.MI'ltOVKMKSTs. This beautiful and enterprising vil lage has had more than a usually pros perous season. Her manufacturing interests have had all the work they could conveniently handle, most of the time. There have been no epidemics, but a year of general health. In look ing over the town to see wlit improve ments had been made we v ere surpris ed to find that so much had been done. It appears in no particular part, but all sections of the village have grown. The principal improvements have been at the I". S. Screen Co's winks and at the Graded School. These two we write up in full and the rest simply summarize. No account is " made of improvements of less than ?l.r)0 nor of painting though the latter amounted to more than that sum. Considerably more than one-fourth of the homes in the place have been painted or other wise improved so that this sunif add to the general total would make it con siderable larger. THE OUADK.tl SCHOOL M'll.WN'i. No building erected this season re flets greater credit upon the village and those who superintended its erection than does the building erected for the Graded School. A commodious, well appointed and handsome building is this. We believe that there is not a more complete or better Graded School building in the state and while much praise is due to three gentlemen who in alout two months pushed to com pletion a building so substantial and complete in all its parts as is this build ing, we think that our citizens deserve having the public spirit shown by them in providing for the erection of the building recognized. Sixteen years ago when the then Judge Weston place had been bought and the first Graded School building erected there were but Kit) pupils to be provided for and the building for some years was largo enough to accommo date all the children of school age in this village but, excellent teachers be ing employed, the school soon became noted in tins and surrounding towns, as an excellent one and pupils came from other towns to attend school here ; the village grew rapidly and soon de mand for more room became impera tive. At a special meeting held last June the district voted to build an ad dition 34xt'.0 and elected W. II. Du liois, A. II. Ueedle and C. E. Abbott a building committee. They commenc ed operations at once and putting the same amount of pnsh and executive a bility into the work that they have giv en to their own affairs, they bad the building ready for the school at the commencement ot me iau term, in order to realize w hat has been accom plished the building itself must be visit ed and inspected and no citizen should fail to do this. The original building erected in 1873, forms a part of the present building but with the improvement added it is prac tically new. 1 he whole building has been newly plastered and the rooms have been wainscotted w ilh black ash. A new roof edvers the entire building. Tin has been used as a cover for the flat parts and slate for all other parts of the root. A second entrance, cover ed, new and improved water closets and toilet rooms, large halls, broad stairwavs, improved healing apparatus, improved ventilation, water from the village aqueduct, twelve hundred square feet of solid slate black!xards are among the improvements that have been added to the building. The fence around the grounds haa been taken a w ay and broad concrete walks have been put across them. All work has been thoroughly and substantially done. Entering the building from the east ern or Main street side one first notices the large size of the hall and of the stairways, one upon the left of this and the other facing the entrance upon the northern side of the building, and notes the fact that in case of fire the means of egress will be ample. The hall has a black-ash wainscotting that is six feet high and here are found hooks for huts and w raps ; on the right is the janitor's room and the closets which arc fitted with modern fixtures a no ticeable one of which, found in the boys closet, is the broad slate trough upon which is continually falling numerous jets of water, it is impossible to find here any bad odor, lteyoud the closets is found the northern entrance and the stairway fronting it ; under this stair way is the entrance to the 1st liiterme' diate school-room which like all the school-rooms, that of the High School excepted, is about thirty feet square and is well equipped with solid slate stone blackboards, maps, books of ref erence, etc. lhe znd Intermediate school-room is on tlio left of the hall as you enter the building from the Main street side, bevond it is the Grammar school-room ; here is found an orgun outline maps, a valuable. set ofanatom leal charts, cyclopedias, dictionaries and other books of reference. Going to the next floor the High School room wlncli is .illxlil, is lound. Here are new desks of the latest and best make, an organ, maps, charts, a library of books, etc., etc. I pon the walls hang portraits of distinguished people. In the western part of the room is a large table upon w hich are found the latest papers, lhe new recitation room is a urge and well appointed room, 1 he old recitation room is used for an ex periment room and has a small chemi cal lalMtratory. The upper or attic story is not used now but can be utiliz ed when needed. In the basement is the large Itoiler that furnishes steam for the radiators in the halls and the school-rooms and to the steam pipes in the I'losels. In the basement is also found the ventilating apparatus pure air is brought by flues from the outside to a large Ixix from which it goes to the rooms aliove. Wood is burned lin er the Isu'ler in the spring and fall and coal is burned in the winter. The fuel is stored in the large basement in to which it is thrown through large bulkheads and windows. From the top to the bottom of this tine building every detail of its con struction has been carefully planned and looked after by the building com mittee. No pains have been spared to make it substantial and complete nor has anything bwn neglected that would conduce to the health, comfort and safe ty of those who are to occupy it I he original building with grounds cost about fl 1,000. lhe addition with all tlu, fmprovements has cost a knit v.'i,000. The number of pupils has increased from l.r)0, in 1873, to 130 at the present time but should the ratio of increase continue the same the present building will be adequate to the wants of the district for many years. I'. 8. SCRF.KN CO'S WUKRS. Coming into town from the north bv rail, the stranger will have his at tention attracted to the large buildings upon the right ot the railroad, just a- bove the station, upon. which will lie seen the strange inscriptions: 'or Sale ?", "Keep your eyes on this spot "The finest screen mill in the world ' "War Tariff "Clipped Whiskers". "Electric", etc., all of which are a part of the unique adver tising schemes of a noteworthy firm w hose business is nearly as unique as is its advertising. Commencing; business October 1. 187 the U. S. Screen Co. has had a grow th of business that is truly mar vellous and to accommodate this growth it has this season la-en compel led to build a large factory. The ma chinery building is a 2 1-2 story mill 2("xl0.'S. At right angles with and connecting with this is another build ing of the same height 3"xll5. An engine house that is 18x24 is in the rear of the first mimed building. A better idea of the size of the entire factory may perhaps, le gained from the statement that it has more than 20,000 square feet of flooring. Front ing the railroad, upon the first floor is found the office of the firm which is comosed of A. A. Niebaum w ho is but 23 vears old and J. II. Hurt w ho is but 24. Probably there is not in existence a firm having a business of nearly the magnitude of this, whose members are as young, lhe boys five a cordial welcome to visitors and to the interviewer looking for a good story they will give all the informa tion he requires so quickly and inter estingly as to make him wish that all business men could be young and as intelligent as these young men. The visitor should go from the office, to the lumber vard where lumber is taken upon a broad car to the dry house ; there a large door is lifted and the car with its load is rolled in leav ing it to be dried by exhaust steam. He w ill enter the mill and see another large door upon the. opposite side of the dry house from which the car of green lumber entered, open and a car ot dried lumber rolled into the mill : here the boards are cut into the proper lengths by a double cut off saw, and then are cut into square sticks. These are run through a planer that planes all sides at once, then through a "groover'.' and then to a tcnoring ma chine, from which they are taken in racks to the elevator and are lifted by that to the second story ; here the sticks are taken to the glue benches where they are quickly made into frames for screens, these are taken to a beveling machine that cuts a bevel upon two sides, top and bottom so as to have them fit closely to the window stool and to the bottom of the sash, This beveling machine is one of their numerous inventions and docs its work quickly and better than do the saws that are usually used. Ine frames are next polished upon a spec ial machine and then are taken to , an oil room 28x30, lined with galvanized iron and here they are dipped into largo tanks containing a speciul prepa ration, discovered bv the bovs, this gives the frames a neat oil finish or by the addition of color, stains them. From the oil room they are taken to the tackers who with magnetized ham mers take tacks from trays that have glass bottoms, upon which he tacks are spread, and quickly tack the w ire cloth to. the frames which are next ta ken to a compressor and compressed into compact crates containing 2 dozen frames each. The wire cloth conies in large rolls and is first cut by large shears into squares that are taken to a selvage machine, the boy's invention, that binds the cut edges so that they will not unravel. This machine will do in two hours work that requires a lay in other mills. Tin strips 3-4 of an inch wide are folded and rolled up on the edges. This tinned edge takes the place of the heavy wooden bar that usually is found in the center of ad justable screens. The tin does not obstruct the view and it keeps the wire cloth in place. Four styles of screens are manufactured and each of these have especial merits of their own that have so commended themselves to the trade as to create a demand that this mill with its capacity of turning out from 200 to 300 dozen daily, can but little more than supply. An order for 800 dozen was received from a Philadelphia house a few days ago and other large orders have recently been received from southern cities. "Novelty" sleds of the long clipper pattern, the iron shoes of which are at tached to the runners without screws or nails, are another of the specialties that this firm manufactures for which they have a large sale. In one of the rooms of the mill is a midline for manufacturing Burt's pat cut candy, lard, butter tub and tobac co pail fasteners. The fasteners are made of malleable w ire and can be (Hiicklv driven into any wooden tub or pail fastening on the cover more se curely than w ith straps or tho other 'ungainly and unhandy makeshifts that lnue Lucu iu vogue. The machine takes the wire from a reel and makes the fasteners at the rate of 75 per min ute. The "D. G." Suspender Buckle that w ill not tear your shirt and is quickly adjusted is a recent invention of the boys and is made of w ire as arc the fasteners named above. The factory is the largest and finest used for manufacturing screens in the world and in its construction Messrs. Niebaum and Burt superintended and aided. In setting the Itoiler of the At las automatic engine that drives their machinery, and in the building of the big chimney they took part. Its steam heating apparatus is of the best and uses either exhaust or direct steam. The shafting and all the machinery is so well placed that no! a hot box has been found yet. Galvanized iron pipes take all dust and shavings direct- Ir to the front of the boiler, on ex haust for furnishing the motive power. There is hardly a machine they use that the boys have not invented some improvement for and nianv of the ma chines were invented by them. Twenty-two men are employed and they are mostly young men. Young men are preferred for the reason that they are not wedded to any set of ideas but are ready to take new ideas. Mr. Nie- bum was born m Sitka, Alaska ami has been a student and traveler. He knew but little of mechanics before coming here. Mr. Burt was bora in Boston and had had but 2 1-2 years experience with machinery before com mencing here. .Mr. Au-baum looks after the otiicc work and the advertis ing. He makes his own designs and is a genius in advertising. Mr. Burt is the salesman and has lately been west and south with his sample case. When at home he looks after. the ma chinery and the work. The system of work is so nearly perfect however that no employee can loaf without the fact being known, The boys can but feel proud of the success they have attained but great as has been the growth of their busi ness it is yet in its infancy and it3 growth in the future may be more rup id even than that of the past. MAIS STKEKT. Cong'l church, improvements, about $500. W. B. Viall, tower and bay window- to residence and other improvements, about $(i00. John Lynch, improvements to resi dence about $300. A. (. Bradish, improvements about $200. SOI.TH MAIN STIiF.KT. Selden Holman, Boston, summer residence, two stories, French roof, tower slated, bam, latter completed. To cost $0000 to $8000. S. II. Brooks, foundations for new house and barn $200. J. L. Moses, addition to residence and improvements $2o0. HIGHLAND AVENUE. H. II. Howard, fine cottage house, 7 rooms, slated, $2000. I'HOSl'ECT AVKNIE. Herman Morse, small cottage house, five rooms, $1)00. Wl'Tl PLEASANT STREET. William Wood, large two-story dou ble tenement house and barn, complet ed this year, $4000. E. E. Evans, large modern two story cottage, finished in hard wood, fancy roof, piazzas, etc. $."000. ' WESTUN STREET. li. Ct, Morton, small cottage house, 7 rooms, slated, $1200. L. Watson, two-story, double tene ment house, 14 rooms, shingled, $2.00. C. E. Abbott, coal and wood sheds, etc., $000. rilCUCH STREET. , Will Cushnian, extensive improve ments on Dr. E. F. Upham's house, $i;oo. 1 Willard Martin, improvements $250. Mrs. William Cushman, improve ments, $100. SCHOOL STREET. J. II. Eamson, extensive improve ments on residence, $500. Aaron Fales, cottage house, 7 rooms, ' slated, $1200. Mrs. Kosa Martin, barn, $200. HANPOLl-H AVENUE. R. J. Kimball, improvements on residence, $G00. Hazen Sanford " $400. II. C. Soper " $500. George Spear " $200. HHAINTREE AVENUE. Leroy Sargent and Charles Stevens, large two-story house and barn, 10 rooms, shingled, $2500. Myron Stevens and Ed Bruce, two story house, shingled, $2000. Sherwin M. Flint, high cottage house, 10 rooms, finished early in the winter and occupied in the spring, $2000. Munroe Bruce, cottage, eight rooms $1000. Sewell Mainard, fancy small cot tage, $800. Frank Morse, fine cottage with L, built last season but not finished or oc cupied till in the spring, $2000. CENTRAL STREET. Wm. Bass, improvements to old Ira Jones' place, $300. C. M. Mann, greenhouse, 20xC0 ft., $500 Elliot Cushman, improvements in cluding new L, $.s()0. C. K. Granger, improvements and addition, $l'.00. Dr. Parkhurst, cottage house and L $1000, also foundations for another. G. S. Moulton, the old Moulton homestead which has been in the fami ly substantially intact for over 100 years, raised up and a story put under it of stone, $3000. FOREST STREET. G. J. Irinee, new horse barn and improvements, $500. ti. J. TUINCE's TUB FACTORY. -Additions and improvements in va rious ways, including new machinery and repairs, etc. to accommodate in creasing business, $2000. The Chase building has Iteen fitted up by the village as a hose house at a cost of about $1500 on the building. CONCRETE WALKS. Besides the other improvements made the past year the village has had a concrete walk laid on the north side of Randolph Ave., 1(550 feet and 250 feet on Main street at a cost of $G40 while the street at the north end of the bridge has been macadamized at accost of $140. Besides this a large number of private walks have been put in.