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THE MINERS' EXPRESS.
II. HOLT* EDITOR. U. HOLT lc A, u KEESCCKER, i O O I TVBSOir IHAY S, 1949. ON MAIN-8TRKET:::::.ENTRANCE SECOND DOOA ABOVE TUB BANK. DEMOCRATIC MEETING. *The Democracy of Dubuque County are requostee to meet at the Court House in this city, on Saturday the 2d day of Jun« next, 3 o'clock, p. M.. to choose Delegates to the State Convention,, to be holden at Iowa City, on the 28th of June, and alio to select candidates for the fol lowing county officers, to be elected at the August Election—to wit: ^yjQne candidate for Sheriff* Recorder &c. Co. Comrs. Clerk «t probate Judge. 5* Co. Cotnm'r. of the Democratic Central Com- **•'mittee of Dubuque County. HANNIBAL EMERSON, Ch'n. JDubuque, May 8th, 1849. *1*4*} T* THE SECOND ASSISTANT, v We published, two weeks since, an ex tinct from the "Worcester Palladium,'' and one from a paper published in Spring field, Mass., showing the opinions enter tained of Henry Fitz Warren in the sec tion of country whence he came, and also giving some details ol the failure of the firm of which Fitz was the financial head. We have been met by the assertion, trith verbal and written, that a mere fail ure in business cou'd not be construed in to a charge of dishonesty, or render a man unworthy of future confidence in the eyes of his fellow-men,—that it was not a very uncommon occurrence for even the best of men to be overtaken with misfor tune, and becomo bankrupt, and that, too, without rendering themselves obnoxious to the charge of dishonesty. This is all truej—no one has, or will undertake to deny, that such may be, and often has been, the case. But it Is not the mere fact of the failure that we wish to bring before the public, but the circumstances connected with, and attendant upon, that failure. It will be remembered, that in this in stance, but four and one-sixth cents were paid upon the dollar!—We doubt, very much, whether such is ever the case, in a failure in a business fairly and honestly conducted, and where no special calami ty, such as firg or shipwreck, is not the causc. In the protest, filed by the creditors, in the office of the Master in Chancery in Springfield, Mass., against the discharge of the debtors, they testify lThat said Fitz Henry Warren, in a conversation with Theodore Bliss, Esq, of Springfield, hut a short time before be ing declared insolvent, in speaking of the liabilities of Augustus Wheeler, as en dorser of P. Warren and Sons, said that said Wheeler, was amply secured for ev ery dollar of his liabilities as aforesaid." Here was aa assertion, by Fitz Henry, which was utterly false, as subsequent de velopements proved, and which he knew to be false at the lime he made it. It was a deliberate lie, intended to deceive his creditors into a false security, and result ed, as he evidently intended it should, in pecuniary loss to them. John M. Warren, the brother, and one of the partners of Fitz Ilenry, testified before the court, that the books of the concern were kept by Fitz Henry, and that up to the very day of the absconding of his hrother, he assured him that "he had no fear of ultimately coming out bright, and continuing the business." He furthermore states upon oath, that the books were kept in such a condition that he. or no one else could know how they •tood, and that "he never suspected, for a moment, that they were in such a hope less condition." Does any one suppose that a business, conducted upon fair and honest principles, could be brought into •uch a condition, and no one beat fault? -Why, if the business was conducted fairly, did Fitz Henry Warren refuse to appear before the Master in Chancery,dc render schedules of the assets and debts of the firm? Why, if he was an honest man, did he ffcretly abscond, in the night, without e Ten his partners knowing any thing of such intention, and the first that is heard of him, he is in the distant State of South Pjdrolina and finally in Iowa? These are acts that mark the culprit, and who, with these facts before him, will dare to compromise his own sense of hon or, or respect for common justice, by standing forth as the champion of one, who stoops so low as to be guilty of them? The opinion entertained by the com inanity, where an act is performed, as to the justice or injustice of that act, is, in nine Cfpes out of tcb, a correct opinion, iblic opinion is the standard, (and a ve correct one, too,) by which we are to glfjr ft man's acts, and form our conclu of'their justice or injustice. Whor-K whole community are united if -upon matter brought properly (their notice, that opinion is gener "correct. following letter, addressed to the ^the Washington Union, by the? ijt Chancery, before whom this JP* was brought, shows pervaded the public mind w'i^bwbood, upon the subjeet of (mass.) April 7, 1849 lilted the rccord and papers "r Mr i on file in the insolvency proceedings a gainst P. Warren & Sons, and have caus ed copies of such portions as I supposed would throw most light on the subject, to be made, and they are herewith inclosed. I have also made a brief statement of the case, which accompanies this. I discharged John M. Warren, not withstanding the protest of some of the creditors. I refused a discharge to the Second Assistant Post Master General. The neighbors of John M. Warren be lieved he knew all about what Fitz Hen ry had done with the property, and the be lief was very general, if not UNIVERSAL, that Fitz Henry had conveyed and conceal ed the properly of the estate for his own and his brothers benefit!! They believed the co-partnership in Petersburg, Va., as mere covers to con vey away and conceal what honestly belong ed to the creditors I know nothing of tho afFuir, further than the proceedings disclosed. Yours, E. D. BEACH. We have not space for the full pro ceedings, a copy of which Mr. Beach has furnished to the Union. He states that "a large number of the creditors were operatives, and persons who had loaned money to the firm," and "that the failure was a disastrous one to many creditors, producing much suffering and distress." And this is Henry Fitz Warren! What think you, Whigs of Iowa, of this, your leader? Are you honored, by the pro motion of this individual to a responsible station under the Government of your country Can you look back with pride, and exult in the consciousness of having been led by the nose, for three years, by Fitz Henry Warren? Bah! "LATES'FNEWS. Tho beautiful steamer St Croix, fur nished us with St. Louis papers of the 2d inst., and New Orleans of a recent date. We extract the following items: Cholera.—For the week ending April 30th, there were 41 deaths from Cholera in St. Louis. The increased mortality is attributable to the weather, and to the great number ofemigrants now in the city St. Louis Market.—MAY 1st.—Flour $3 87—Wheat 60 to 75c—Corn 25c.— Oats 28c—Pork, (prime,) $7,25 Mess $8,75 Clear, $9,50. Lead, $4 per 100 lbs. VIRG1NIAELECTION, Very meager Telegraphic reports have been received. In the Norfolk district, Watts (whig) was 174 ahead of Millison, (Deni.) so far as hoard from. In the Richmond District, but three precincts have been heard from—(all strongly whig)—in which Botts' vote comes far short of the vote given to Tay lor,—the probabilities are, that Sedden is elected. If so, it is a Democratic gain In the Winchester District, Faulkner, (whig,} is probably elected by a small majority if so, whig pain. Morelon beats Pendleton, in the 9th District—both whigs. THE ALLEGHANIANS.—These celebra brated singers performed in this City on Saturday and Monday Evenings, and also sung at the Congregational Church on Sunday morning. They were listened to on each occasion by large and delighted audiences. We cannot adequately de scribe the beauties of their entertaintment, and therefore shall not attempt it. They must be heard to be appreciated. ERROR.—The name of N. L. Stout, ap pointed Post Master in Bloomington, was accidentally written II. L. Stout in our last paper. We also stated that the for mer Post Mistress had resigned. This was a mistake. She was removed. 1/ (t u i DON'F BE FRIGHTENED.—Fitz Warren, in order as much as possible, to relieve himself and the administration of the odi um of violated pledges, is writing letters to Post Masters, telling them they would be removed by such a time, and consoling ly whispering in their ear, that they have the opportunity of resigning, if that mode of exit is more agreeable to their feel ings. We are sorry to learn that the resignation of Judge King, of this city, was in accordance with a friendly sug gestion of this kind from the "Second As sistant." We hope the example of the Judge will not be followed by the Democratic Post Masters of Iowa. Far better that your heads be taken offby the axe of proscrip tion, than to bow them off, in polite obe dience to any simple suggestions of the executioner. A WORD TO THE WISE.—If any of the young "men about town,*' or out of town, wish 'To have that gracc, so rare in every clime, Of being, without alloy of fop or beau, A finished gentleman, from top to toe," let them call on our friend Mullin, across the street, and get a suit of clothes made. N. B.—Should Mullin be so busy as not to be able to accomodate,they will find the clothes already made, at Connelly's, just two doors above. P. S.—The Hat they can get at Don nellan's, and the Boots at Decker's. mr SIGNS.—At the recent charter election in Portland, Me., the Democratic vote in creased over the last year by 274, whilst the Whig vote increased only 146. EMIGHAnT3._A Mo Ropub correspondent thi |icaD) writ i„g from IndepondA 3ays at lwut ono fourlh win "The oban- don the trip. The outfits of many are insufficient, and ill adapted to the joarncy. Latest from San Francisco.—Letters to March 1st have been received. New discoveries are being made. The Cali fornia arrived on the 28th February, and would not be able to leave very soon for want of coal.—Four Clergymen arrived on this boat, who, together with Rev. Mr. Hunt, will immediately commence their labors. One thousand adventurer* had arrived within the last fortnight. Exile ot Erin.'' We had the pleasure, on Tuosday ev ening last, of listening to an eloquent ad dress,by Mr. FUZSIMMONS, an exiled Pa: triot of Ireland, and formerly Editor of the "Dublin Nation," in behalf of his na tive and oppressed country. We regret that we did not arrive in season to hear his opening remarks, and that we shall not be able to give a full report of the speech. It was an eloquent and stirring appeal in behalf of a most interesting country, and was well calculated to arouse in the bosom of his auditors, the deepest emo tions of Humanity, Philanthrophy, and Patriotism. The oppression practised upon the poorer classes of Ireiand, by the aristo cratic nobility, was dwelt upon with pain ful interest. The luxurious livings of the one was contrasted with the misera ble poverty of the other.—While the duke and lord were enjoying their ex tended domains, covered with lowing herds—with their parks of deer, and their artificial lakes of fish,—supplied with all the luxuries of all lands—their miserable tenantry were wasting away in their very presence, and dying in all the horrors of starvation. Mr. Fitz Simmons reviewed the histo ry of the movement for Ireland's Nation tionality. O'Connell did much in prepa ring the way,—he effected the Catholic emancipation—he caused the colleges and schools to be opened to the sons of Cath olics, and made the offices of the Army and Navy accessible to those of the Ca tholic Faith. Mr. F. condemned the Ca tholic clergy for the failure of 1848. The Irish are not cowards—Sixty Thousand men, with brave hearts and willing hands, The enormous rents paid for their land gin. succeeds him. This is not proscription, iK* .. °f course: these tender "fcetcd" people, as —their tithes to the priests, their road priests, their road tax, their Jury tax, their poor tax, and all the untold exaction of the never-end ing system of taxes, swallows up all the scanty products of their labor, and leaves them little or nothing for themselves to swallow. Any want of submission to the will of the land-lords, is visited by the grinding operation of the "rack rent," which re sults in their ejectment from their miser able hovels and the broken-hearted peas ant, after laboring years and years for a bare subsistence, sees his wife and chil dren die by the road-side, the victims of cruel oppression. A feeling of despera tion seizes upon his anguished heart —he justly views the deed of his oppressor in the light of murder, and reaks his ven geance with a murderer's hand!! These are the legitimate and proper results of lordly oppression. Aristocracy never yields to anything short of the deadly op erations of the Pike and Sword!—This was the doctrine of Washington, acted upon in all his glorious struggles for lib erty, and this must be the doctrine oj Irish men, if Ireland is ever to be free!! were ready to take the field, armed with f°ra and their countrybut the moment the clcrgy were bought off by the English Government—that moment, their arms fell powerless by their side, and not six ty could have been brought into action. Mr. Fitz Simmons was a Catholic, and revered the religion of his forefathers, but this act of the Catholic clergy of his country, he should never cease to depre cate and condemn. But Ireland will yet be free. That "gem of the sea," and "green Isle of the Ocean," shall ore long, bask in the glo rious sunlight of freedom. The spirit of LIBERTY is the spirit of the age. It is in fused into the hearts of the People ofev ery land, and the time is not far distant when Kings and Thrones will be among the things that were, but are not. Mr. Fitz Simmons rejoiced, that tho' an exile from his native country, he was a freeman, in the land of Jefferson and of Washington. It was the spirit of these Patriots of the American Revolution, that was working such mighty effects in the old world. It showed itself upon tho heights of Como in Italy, aud was felt in the frozen regions of Northern Europe. The tyrannical power of England has reached its zenith, and i3 fast hastening to its decline. Let Irishmen take cour age, and stand together. Let the glori ous lessons of L'berty learned in this hap py land, be known in the land of their birth let its inspirations be breathed in to every heart, and soon shall Ireland re joice in the freedom for which she has so long sighed. Mr. Fitz Simmons closed by repealing a vesre of that beautiful and touching song, "The Exile of Erin." His address was listened to by a large and attentive audience, who manifested their delight by frequent bursts of ap plause. ANTI-CHOLERA.—Those towns along the river, that are anticipating a visit from the Cholera this summer, will find the greatest security against it by choos ing an active and efficient Marshal. 'Tis pleasing to see the tranquility which per vades the public mind of Dubuque upon that subject, since the election of Marshal Hewitt. O^rJudge Grant's Court is now in ses sion in this city. We understand the docket is quite a large one. U*Tho General Congregational Association of Iowa, will hold its annual meeting at Dav enport, on the first Thursday of June, at 7 o' •Jock, r. si. LA. HEED, Davenport, April 19, 1819. pikes and guns, to do service for liberty .. thin,™ do veloped, so long as I remain here, awaiting the close of iny accounts. Register, Extract to the Editor, dated WASHINGTON, April 11, 1849. DEAR SIR—Sincc iny last, the Assistant P. M. General, furnished by Iowa, vs. M&ssachu setts, to the service of tne United States, has been figuring here in the newspapers, to such distinction, that he has become quite heroised for his doings in former years. For my part, if the papers speak truth from Boston and Wor cester, Mass., (and I believe them,) Mr. War ren is pretty much of a financier: he, indeed, has not dealt out his millions, yet, he has com pounded for hundreds—and 4-jt dollars been made to pay $100, in solid debt. This shows genius in deduction, and shows also, that he is careful in money mutters, and understands the rule of "tare and tret," of one pluck two or ten, and in reverse of the old saying of "two pluck one. There is no doubt that Mr. Warren was appointed to liis distinguished officc without due consideration, or permission of Gen. Tay lor or, that he was induccd to acquiesce in his appointment at the solicitation of Mr. Col lamer and others. The appointment is most unfortunate for the country for he, Warren, has been making sad havoc of all postmasters that have been brought to his notice. If he is not curbed in his onward move of indiscrimin ate removals, ho will be as famous for slaying' men, as he is noted for driving hogs on election days in Des Moines and Ilenry. This is fully masters fell by tne broad scymeter and seal of the Assistant Postmaster General. Gen. M'Calla, 2d Auditor of the Treasury, has been removed, and a Mr. Clayton, of Geor- Sam Wcller Sttidi .. want The Marshall of Wisconsin, Mr. Rockwell, has been removed. He was a most faithful officer, and his commission has three years to run:—yet, to gratify a whig, he had to be re moved, not proscribed. So, take notice, that the Whigs, Mr. Editor, as a party,are opposed to prosct iption it is only removals that they advocate. The idea of proscription is abhor rant to their sensibilities. A Mr. Hutcherson succeeds Mr. Rockwell. The Chiel Clerk of the War Department, Mr. Campbell, I am just told, has been razeed, and a Mr. L. II. Porter removed to make room new understood in Iowa, having no rival in expert- unbending integrity. Upon the whole, the ness in that branch of business. So far, Mr. impressior. here is. that his appointment is Warren has not removed, on an average more than filtysevcn per week. ou can tell, Mr. Tavist. i o Editor, by the rule of three, how many goes i by the board in a month. He did get up to one hundred, one week, but then, he labored inces-1 santly.—It was something new to him, and he dcr of men —but when Mexican Whigs are thought no more of taking a man's head "clean selected, it is taxing us westeru folks a lit off," than he did of a young porker. Having tie too far, to expect us to approve of them, somewhat satiated his vengeance, he is becom- as in the case of Caleb U. Smith. We bled ing more tardy for in one day, only eight post. °fficer appointed by the Secretary of MUSCATINE. Extract to the Editor, dated WASHINGTON, AFRIT,, 18, 1849. Dear Sir:—Since my last, the Secretary of the Interior, Mr. Ewing, has departed for Ohio, with a view of removing his family to this city. Most of tha Cabinet will do the same sorvicc during the spring and then we shall have some of the elite of fash ion once more in full vogvie. There has introduction of another. These things sound oddly enough to my western ear, yet, I am told such is the case every four years. Mr. Preston, the amiable and accomplish ed Secretary of the Navy, will start for h.is family immediately on the return of Mr. fence of, and duty to his country, are reap ing a reward at his hands, when they, and their friends in Congress done all they could to cripple his enterprise, by denying and de laying needful supplies to his army and the cause of their suffering countrymen. Peo ple of the West, look well to this question, and mark the tnan, that has sympathy for the enemy, and none for his own bleeding country in time of war. I cannot, then, feci any but the most convincing and firm belief, that the selection of Mr. Smith for his post is unfortunate to the cause of the just claims of American citizens against -Mexico. So far as the other Commissioners are con cerned, they have never sided with the en emy, and being the majority of the Board, the selection of Mr. Smith may not bo pro ductive of much harm but result as a salvo to the Mexicans, in having oue of their most decided friend to represent their interest and defend their cause. The Hon. Mr. Ramsey, of Pennsylvania, recently appointed Gov. of Minesota, vice Gov. Pennington declined, report says, is a most estimable gentleman, and a man of very superior abilities, anu1, what is more, he is a self-made man, of strict morality and one among llje begt se ections n ade J® an too things all called by scription for them to take the placcs of Demo crats.but, for democrats to be put in tho sta tion of a Whig, it is "abominable, and down right proscription, for opinion's sake." George Evans, Esq., one of the members of the Board of the Mexican Commissioners for the adjudication of claims under the late trea ty, is now in this city. lie is a most distin guished man. I have my doubts, if Gen. Tay lor has his equal in his Cabinet. Indeed, on the subject of finance, I feel assured in assert ing, no gentleman in the Cabinet can compare with him. Yet, he is solicited to take a secon dary station, as a Commissioner, under the treaty, and is set aside, as a Cabinet minister, to please some aspirants, who wormed them selves upon Gen. Taylor, in opposition to his own expressed opinions in reference to Mr. E. No wonder, then, Mr. E. left this city in rath er an ill-huinor, as noticed 1st uIt. Mr. Evans is decidedly liberal in political feelings. He is kind and conciliatory, but as firm as a rock, on all questions, where he believes himself correct, lie has always been a consistant, moderate Whig but, in talent, second to none in the party. He is also, one of those gentlemen, that carry into practice, what he believes to be the true position of rotation in office, and that is, to proscribe proscription and, the only enquiry, with him is, "is he capable, is he ho nest?" Do not be surprised, Mr. Editor, if I speak of Mr. Evans as he deserves. Political ly, we are antipodes, but that cannot blind me to the merits of a gentleman I have known for a quarter of a century, whose whole aim has been for his country, and for her advancement. Although I differ, politically, with Mr E. sJ widely, I yet believe that Mr. Evans would, in my opinion, have done more to guide the adminstration of Gen. Taylor, successfully through his term, than any Whig in the Cabi net and my wonder has been tasked, to ac count for his not being a member, according to the original caste of the Cabinet. He will yet be in the Cabinet, or I am no prophet. new name?." So with Whiggery it is not pro- Editor, aided by a Mr. J. O. Sargeant. It will appear from the press of the Messrs. Gideon, of thie city butonly the junior part ner of that firm will be in the new connex ion. Look out for squalls when the third organ begins his batteries. The Whig and been somewhat of an interregnum of parties site changed to Colesburg,) Iowa.—A. II. of late, as I am told, is always the case, at Brown, P. M. at Fairfield, Iowa N. L. tho exit of an administration, and on the fully repre sented by Mr. Warren, in the Poet Office,, and the way he dispenses his "Pxins," is truly calculated to give Iowa some notorie ty, even if it is notoriety not calculated to add much to the usefulness or honor of her representative. The work of removing post mastera is still progressing, and it is said, will not stop until 8000 changes are made. When that number is attained, then, it is in contemplation to consider a little on the remainder in the United States. This out tops Mr. Granger, and bears off the palm of victory, and Mr. Warren is fairly entitled to the cider. So, Mr. Duer, ofNew York, please fork over the needful. Mr. Evans, of Maine, and Col. Payne of North Carolina—two of the Commissioners to adjudicate the claims of our citizens—are are in session in this city, in arranging and preparing the modus operandi in which bu siness will be prosecuted before the Board As 1 have an interest there, you shall hear from me, as matters progress. Mr. Editor, I feel every confidence in the honest inte grity of the two Commiesioners, Messrs. Evans and Payne) now here but in Mr. Ca leb B. Smith, of Indiana, I have some mis givings. Somehow or other, I cannot help from believing that Mr. Smith may contin ue in this Board of Commission, his spmpa thy for the citizens of Mexico, that he ex pressed for them during the late war with that power and how, let me aGk, in the name of Hea?en, can the American citizen expect justice from Mr. Smith, when his Alfred Cowles, Register of land office at feelings are so firmly knit to the interest of I Chicago, III. the Mexican! It seems to me impossible! Mathey St. Clair Clark, to be 6th Au for him to do otherwise than to lean to the djior and some of tbe defenders our country, The Alto Californian says its recommen* ^and the slanderer* of Gen. Taylor in hie de-1 dations are substantially what the citi- by Gen. 1 on Ramsey American Whig of course, there can no objection to appointments of that or- freely in defence of our common country, even to approve of the appointment of men who, indirectly extended "aid and comfort" to the enemy. The administration will start a new pa per In this city. There can be no question A. Bullctt, E:-q., of N. Orleans, will be the Intelligence are not harmonious in soui.d at present and when the third piper begins to tune, the dulcet trio will discourse sweet sentiment for Whiggerjf to digest, from high alto to the lowest bass. The Democratic party made nothing by changing Editors and, from the numerous attempts now at change on the part of the Whigs, it is very evident they are likely to make less than nothing. To require a bet ter Whig paper to sustain Gen. Taylor, than the National Intelligencer, is expecting im possibilities for, as a writsr, and true to his faith, Mr. Joseph Gales has not his equal in the Editorial corps.—Then again, who ex cels him, in suaviter in modo forliter in re? None nor can any Whig excel him, or Gen. Taylor find a truer advocate during his ad ministration. But, it is with them to de cide the question, and the Democratic par ty to look to the issue. I see that the Legislature of Wisconsin has repudiated one ot'her Senators, the Hon. Mr. Walker. Mr. Walker deserves praise, not censure, for his efforts to secure a gov ernment for California. On the question of "free soil," that country was already free, consequently, slavery could not be introdu ced by Jaw if negroes were taken there as slaves, they could not remain slaves by the laws of Mexico, and the Legislature will find she has rather gone off half cocked a painst her Senator, or I am much mistaken. His services must not be set aside without a hearing. Yours, MUSCATINE. PLEDGES REDEEMED!! The following items, taken from the officials at Washington, will exemplify the manner in which proscription is pro' scribed, by one who has "no frtends toj reward, or enemies to punish." W7e might fill columns of similar testi monials of General Taylor's peculiar way of redeeming his pledges, but con tent ourself with giving only such as re late to this and our neighboring States, with occasionally an important one from a greater distance. IOWA.—Stephen Witcher, of Iowa, to be United States Attorney for the District of Iowa, in place ofl. M. Preston, removed. H. 13. Horn, Postmaster Bloomfield, Iowa —Perry Perkins,Colony (name and s,nnt_ M.- Rlnnmin«»nn Stout, P. M. at Bloomington, Iowa John W. Ogden, P. M. at Keokuk, Iowa. WISCONSION.—D. W. King, P. M. at Greenburj John H. Lyon, P. M. at Dun kirk G. W. Ware. P. M. at Pallyra. Francis P. Catlin, to be Register of the Eldad Smith, postmaster at Racine, in place of B. B. Carey, removed. J. J. Dewey, postmaster at Geneva, in place of Ferguson, removed. E. H. Ball, postmaster at East Troy in place of S. Smith, removed. S.Ryan, jr postmaster at Fond du Lac, in place of J. A Eastman, resigned. John Mansfield, postmaster at Southport. Col. Cnilds, of Milwaukee, Indian Agent. Harry F. Brown, Register of the Land Office at Green Bay, in place of Joel S. Fish, removed. Edgar Conklin, to be Receiver of the land office at Green Bay, in place of Eli sha Morrow, removed. William Bruce, Indian Sub-Agent at Green Bay. Ebenezer Childs, Agent to accompany exploring delegation of Menominee Indi ans. James Morrison, postmaster at Madi son, in plaee of D. Holt, removed. Champion I. Hutchinsoii, marshal, in place of John S. Rockwell, removed. ILLINOIS.—A K. Pheller, postmaster at Camden W. H.Webb, postmaster at Bis sell. John II. Kenzie to be receiver of Public Moneys at Chicago, 111. H. Par sons, postmaster at Bloomington, 111. John Mansfield, postmaster at Southport, III. Qf the side of those whoso lately had the use of! Washington removed his talents and influence in the House of 8 Representatives, so powerfully exerted a gainst the United Slates and her gallant sons, and in favor of the cause of the Mexican na tion. If Mr. Smith ever will vote for an American claim, where rebutting testimony is produced by a Mexican I am much mis taken in the man and if he does, it will give the negative to his conduct, while in Con gress. You should get a copy of hia speech, delivered in 1848/ before the Peace. I have a copy at home, and if now made public, Gen. Taylor would blush, to think that such a defender of the cause of Mexico, had ever obtained office at his hands. But so we go Treasury, in place of Peter Philip Greely, jr., to be Collector of the Port Boston, in pUee of Marcus Mor ton, removed. FROM CALIFORNIA. By way of Vera Cruz and across Mexi co, the New Orleans papers have dates from California to the 15th January. Tho winter has^een a severe one There is six months provisions in the mines. Col. Benton's letter to the people of California had been published on the 11th •j uiiji i mi I [i mgiirnigp: zens are now acting upon, namely, the no further extension of slavery. Gen. Lane was at San Francisco on his way to Oregon. There is nothing said about gold. There were some Indian disturbances, but all was at date quiet. THE FATE OF GENIUS.—It is melancho ly to reflect, that Halleck and Hoffman, two of the distinguished Poets of Ameri ca, are now inmates of an insane asylum. —These noble minds, "To whom the lyre and laurels have been given With all tho trophies of triumphant song"— are now shrouded in the darkness of rea son dethroned. Let the bard of the three stars, who first gave a name to Iowa, and who now sings "General Taylor's Star of Destiny" through the columns of the Dubuque Te legraph, take warning by the fate of his cotemporaries. His lot may be like theirs. •'Oh what a tow'ring genius would then break down Th'c courier's, scholar's Statesman's eye and tongue Th' expectancy and rose of the fair State, The glass of fashion and the mould of form, The observed of all observers!—quite, quite down."! O^TTHE STEAMER DUBUQUE, is an ex cellent boat. Her officers possess all the "points" of good steamboat officers. They have the bump of order largely develop ed. This is particularly the case with tha clerk—the most important executive officer of steamboats. Any ono about to embark on board a steamboat, should en quire, if the clerk furnishes the Editors along the river with the latest papers, neatly done up in wrappers, and directed to the office. He may be sure that order reigns on such a boat, and that his jour ney will be a safe and agreeable one.— Such is the steamer Dubuque. The Lost Mail.—The mail lost at Peru on the 11th Dec. last, has been found. The Post Master at Peru was drying the letters, and says they can all be saved. 0^7-Gen. RILEY, the distinguished ad vocate of Temperance, addressed the peo ple of Dubuque upon that important sub ject, on Wednesday last. Those who heard him, say he stormed the heights of Intemperance as fearlessly as did his namesake the heights of Cerro Gordo. Certainly.—The following is one ac couut of the mode of fulfilling pledges in Washington under the Taylor dynasty: The administration are steadily at work upon the appointments. Mr. Ewing, Mr. Collamer, and Mr. Fitz Warren ap pear to be the active champions of rota tion. Warren makes quick work of it. A man comes in and complains of the un fitness of a locofoco postmaster. "Make your charges." They are made out.— "Present your man and his recommenda tion." "Here they are." "Satisfactory." Presto the whig is in. "Take that to Mr. Collamer." "All right." And at the end of the day's work Mr. Collamer pre sents his list to Old Zack. Old Zack says, "I rely upon you. I hold you responsi ble. All correct: but mind you have the right man displaced, an*d the right one put Y California Emigration.—Up to last ev ening, 440 wagons have crossed the river for Calfornia, at this point. The cry is, "still they come." We understand that about a half dozen teams have crossed the lower ferry on the back track. [Capital Reporter. Great Excitement, in Canada.—By a telegraph despatch from 'loronto, we learn that at Montreal the Parliament house with the library and documents were burned by the tories. A distinguished member of the house had been arrested for high treason. By another dispa'ch, we learn that there isgreat excitement in Montreal, in consequence of the Governor-General signing the Rebellion Bill.— [Chi. Jour. &£j""The Teacher's Institute for the Mi ning Region" commence their session in the Methodist Church, in this City, this Evening. As the Education of youth is a subject of universal inserest, we pre sume there will be a full attendance. Se veral speakers have been secured for the occasion. Man Drowned.—We anderstand that Mr. Barney Vaughn was drowned in at tempting to ford Turkey River at Mill ville, Clayton co., one day last week. 03~We are indebted to the Hon. Hen ry II. Sibley, of Minessto, for a copy of his" Addsess lo the people of the Territory, and also for his spcech before the Com mittee on Elections, of the House of Rep resentatives, delivered Dec. 22d, 1848. Territory of Minesota.—The first House of Representatives to consists of 18 members, who hold for one year Senate 9 members—tentu re two years. A census is first to be taken, and then the Govern or is to appoint the day of election. The suffrage is confined to free white males. $20,000 was appropriated for Capitol Buildings, and $5,000 for a library. Govenor's salary $1,800, Judge $1,800 and Secretary 1,800 Attorney same as in Wisconsin. Appointment of Postmasters.—Jas. B. Gerton has been appointed Postmaster of Waukegan, (late Little Fort) Illinois Henry Stees, Mt. Carmel Levi Sharpe, Carlisle N. L. Stout,editor Whig, Bloom ington, Iowa II. R. Wheelock, Laporte Danl. W. King, Graen Bay J. H. Lyon, Dunkirk W Wheeler, Whitewater, Joseph Haith, Mineral point A Dick, Pequot David Evans, Dodgeville, Wis. Great Speed.—Passengers who now leave Detroit in the moiing at 7 o'olock, arrive at Chicago the same night at 12. Mineral Agent on Lake Superior.—Hon. J. W. Allen, of Cleveland, Ohio, has been appointed to the office of Mineral Agent, and not N. G. Isbell, as has been repor ted. Tho U. S. Troops, ordered to California and Oregon the present spring, will leave fort Lavenworth on the 10th of May. This detachment will comprise of about 1500 men. consisting of the Regiment of Mount ed Riflemen, and others connected with the different departments of the Army, all un der the command of Brevet Col. W. W. Loringof the Rifle Regiment. raiwi -"HTfiTrpA-i—f-' NJ THE COMMUNISTS AT NAUVOO.—M. Ca bet, the leader of the French Communists, or ''Icarians" who have lately settled at Nauvoo, has published a letter, setting forth their intentions in making the purchase they have done at Nauvoo. Of the Temple he says, "we shall maintain its present form and surround the roof by a terace from which will be seen one of the finest views in the world and in the building we can have our refectory with kitchens for 1000 per sons. with a room for each family. A hand some garden and prominado will occupy the four acres ofground which surround the I emple." He says of their system, "our morlity is pure, founded on marrirge and domebtic ties. Our religion is Cnristianity in its primitive form, and resumed on tho princi ple, "Love thy neighbor as thvself." Of their relations to other men, he Bays, "We are determined not to interfere in any manner with any of the questions which di vide the public mind in America. While we desire the welfare of our native oountry, we desire also that of our new country, which will receive us kindly: and if I say to our brethren come! many, a very great number, will certainly be disposed to an swer my call-" From the representations made, should they be, and remain true, we cannot hesi tate to believe, that these communists will be a far better class ofpeople than their pre decessors at Nativco, the Mornons. CANADA AND CANADIANS. The state of affairs in Canada continues to threaten a speedy and important revolu tion. A petition is everywhere being cir culated for signatures boldly requesting of Q,ueen Victoria and her minister a peacea ble dissolutien of the existing connexion with England, begging that the provinces be allowed to annex themselves to the Uni ted States'. Whether her majesty, little Vic., will be graciously pleased to accede to the modest request, is another matter. This however, ia of course only the step preparatory to tho forcible assertion by the Canadians, of their designs. Sooner or later such must be the destiny of Canada it has long been procras tinated but cannot much longer de averted. [Lawrence (Mass.) Vanguard. Cheap.—The boats are carrying pas sengers from Detroit to Buffalo for $4, 0^j"liThe Miner's Arms," a tavern be tween Chicago and Mineral Point, was entirely destroyed by fire, on the night of the 28th. Gold.—Twenty thousand dcllars in California gold dust, arrived at New Bed ford:—the product of Mr. Washburn's labors for the season. 03^-Great preparations are making in New York for the welcome of Father Mat hew. Tennessee.—The Democrats have no minated Gen. Trousdall, as the candidate for Governor at the August Election.— The Whigs have nominated Neil S. Brown —the present incumbent The Quickest Trip.—The steamer Du buque, made the trip from St. Louis to Ga lena in 51 hours and 10 minutes. Q&-Orson Dayton was drowned at Mc line, 111., a few days since. Maj. Leiois M. Clark has received tho appointment of Surveyor-General of Mis souri and Illinois. 0^7~Brevet Brig. Gen. Brook, has been assigned to the command of the Army in New Mexico. 0C7~Hon. William J. Brown, late As sistant P. M. General, has been nomina ted for Congress in the Indianapolis, lna. ^District. What an Army.—The four Medical In stitutions of Philadelphia, have this spring conferred the degree of M. D. upon no less than 435 Students. £.• OBITUA ItY. J. K 7- DIED—At thero3idence of his parents, near this village, on Monday, the JGth April, of a protracted illntss of several yeara standimr. GEORGE B., eldest son of Willam and Eliza Hubble—aged 14 years and month?. At the same place, on IVlonday tho 23d inst. of Pleuro-Pneumonia, WILLIAM HUBBLE, consort of Eliza Hubble, aged 45J years and 6 months. The final separation of friends at any time is painful, under any circumstances, but particularly so under the present. When we reflect that he, whose death it now becomes our melancholy duty to rccord, is intimately con nected with that of the place in which we live almost from the commencement of its exist ence. lie emigrated to this place in the year 1838, and embarked in the mercantile business which he followed for sonic time he next con structed a merchant mill, 3£ miles from this village, which has occupied his time and atten tion for the lust 3 or 4 years past. He was one of tho Delegates to the first Convention to form a Constitution for the State of Iowa. He has always been a firm consistent member of the Democratic Party, and his peculiar yielding and benevolent disposition and great suavity of manners had created for him a large circle of warm and devoted friends.—He was elected School Fund Commissioner of Jackson county, in 18-17, without opposition, which offico he re tained at his death. lie has left a devoted and affectionate wife and two small children moro particularly to mourn their irreparable ioss. lie had buried an invalid son but one short week before his friends wcro called upon to perform the same office for himself. How un certain is life! But, perhaps what is our Joss is their gain and we hope, and have reason to believe, that father and son arc row enjoying the company of each other in the realms of W'.»s. a FRIEND. DIED—-On Sunday, April 29th, at St. Jo seph's, near Dubuque, Sister MARY Lucy, aged about 45 years. The deceased was a convert to the Caiholie religion, and had enrolled herself as a Sister of Charity about five years ago. She was from a most respectable family in Philadelphia, who doubtless will inourn her loss. Mild, affection ale, and devoted to works of charity and reli gion, her life was a model of a true and practi cal christian. Death did not surprise or alarm her her hopes were placed upon the promises of her Redeemer, and she descended to thq tomb with a full confidence that she would rise again to a glorious immortality. May alio rest in pcace. A FRIEND. Wwhen ORMS—As this is thj season of the year worms are most formidable among children the proprietors of McLane's Vermi fuge beg leave to call upon parents, soliciting their attention to its virtues for the expelling of these annoying and often fatal enemies of children. Their invention is by a physician of great experience in Virginia, and after using it for several years in his own practice, and find ing its succcss so universal, he has been indu ced at last to offer it to the public as a chcap. but certain and excellent medicine. Call and purchase at T. MASON'S. A Finger Bitten Entirely Off, Two miles south of Chicago, Sept. 14, '48. Dr. Sloan—Sir: On the 8th instant my son had a finger bitten entirely off by a horso. We immediately applied your celebrated Ointment which relieved him of pain in a few minutes, and prevented the finger from swelling the Joaat particle, and the wound is now healing rapidly. Respectfully yours, S. BROCKWAY. (ITAI1 mediclncsadvertised by W. B. Sloan are sold on agency by E. F. GILLESPlB, Compound Syrup »f LI'. OK. IIO4CICS verwort aud Tar breaks up the most distre$»£ ing Coughs, Colds, Ac., in a few hours' Seo advertifement in another column. i It may be had of T. S tim«.-£*