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Tllir esote o n t es -emm Veay Rev. N. ae ta G.a e-nr y 1eeded a - - .T. T. Uion, O.-AM, evY J.M3AR rC. Us E. Sata , ;]fu..a r. Z: Lacy,. - All omn Parieat are- hal te. rtilte to! Ihacle alndt oo td hJ of1 P-rra .r s mor , tl apet, il, uien Afir en an d t hle ·ca onlybe oas f---ne- eih aIpl -sha o h e Tow ae , dn. hiabove nake l thelbetret /All usine s arhres of dvertissments to se oluhlde "- s t et pemal linoe, uach lsbertlase / All trassient adresrtlments e p id r infor I ad A advertlobeat net matrked ay pecied atha batnlt wrill be par bho d 'ix timee and otarged NEW ORLEANSBr, SNDA, MARCH 1, liert I e m Dr O sa ubsof r Snaly ......r Mach -Fet Sa fit L ouLedt. Monday. ....March 5-kSt. Si nU- e t ate tle a 4-& h ei o, seadt o oet shMarch -41.ism eeht.oPevet Fidhat e a....rct m e r ý Sper and TSaturdy ....Marh 7-5 PkaaA Drr. odeeables Ca theast.l se thfe sdar m onse at tof heePhea n edhayelo conadyence to o not Sunday - of e t, ai tae te ind tionb Tiit iTh aL 0 'clockh, ther aM lli wll to bale ion Wehtdesy t day, n eatt o lhdsyarof per h , and 7hin e rangedi tofln the MStet Bleeeed Secrament; on Tueedaye and bure·a, 1 ehiPasti s of sr thwe e year imw a r adeu aot andn Ftuidays. apoation fre thCra e wlbe rvies - e obe conducted btthe cler aof the hur heh. 8. lserJto Oaseor- on Re at. P, ýhbYdo. At ailhe to the erathyer ita . ns. the I.con iieaje-Iaaýtrsov. Ftti in German by the Peeter. Beno 6f. Zbareue's Okuratd-Evey Sunday ead Wednesday atl o'clock P.iM. there will bhermo Sa folloed by the -enedictila of the Met Holy Sacrament. Every Eriday eatl ocr P. M., the Way of the ra emmii e per Tusday last, under the head Crime in the City," "Patricina" will that-tho article to which he alnd h pretty good warrant for ito ifacite Wie New Orleans will compare tev y with any other city, North or West, is moral aospects, till, many. thinge need amendment; and this cain only be efteeted by lrointing out ahorteominga in a apirit and to.me e friendly aa that of which he thinkaNew Orleana has reaon to complain. in d~ o amtneee - to chi C wla y.-Wee have taken the liberty ofnloingo veral numietsofo oupapereh to each of the parish priests of this Archdioee e outeide of the city. Will-they bhe kind enori to dietri tribute them among their -parishionere, end, to get us a elmal list.of Tehu riberaT It is evident that even a limited tupport from every parish would -enabloiis to present the paper in a style both Ncreditble and agreeable. On whom can -we rely to-get ur this esupplrqt cept -the pee toe of churchesa We have confidence that t, if not all of them, will take the trouble un rMon ae harid, ad have arranged to take anbocripti by the half year, or even quarter, where desirable suhbcriberse. Axmosno? a AtheNd We see it annotunced that this prelate has tko n his departure for Some where it is suppoeeChTe will receive the hat left vacant by Cardinal W An. TIME FOR FuLFI LUE'TME PAsCA DuTy.-' According to the P setoral f His Ora con formably to the authoritoy bgieh theps ig Pontiff, the tine eaiedi for the follo mont of the Pascal Cdmmuaion commence to.. day, first Sunday of Lent, and will terminad.on EMBER DAYs.-The Ember Daye for spring occur in the first week in Lent ; consequently, they will fallen Wednesday, Friday, and Sato day, the 4th, 6th and 7th instant. According to * the Pastoral of Hin Grace theee days impopj-o additional obligations-Friday alone being a day of ahstinence. DIocrsE or -NRw OREANS.-Friday next, 6th of March, will be the anniversary of the consecrntlon of our-Meet-Rev. Arebbieiop. At will add to the prayer. snitable for the occs sion those prescribed by the rubric. It was on -tfte-th.S-ef aZliA8d2, that-hc-rcceircd'epieco. pal consecration. Thus, on Friday next ho will have accomplished the twenty-asth year of his wppk, - Protesmatsee geaerafly j t! , es seveiany the various phelasa wbaIii they dler hfromr Cehatldiesg, ett4 w that-mich aiseusleoas. w. tpij when urged on -sak ques e othey wil~ run to nother, and semI,so hat dhea-s elons become endless, amd" e mtel17y ruitless. Batwo hav a surer and shorta was to confate daelti~ bisei tan; it is t .to sio thsia týbudutaalin -pmindnin iplesof SProtesteantism- i -reneua-mndm-thatt -tthe' basis .on awhi Protestats lay the whole struurea of their religsious system ris radi ally wrong, and cannot stand the scrutiny of good sense asd refleton.e - The capital diirence and the ain'1olat at issue betweenCatholics sand Protestatnte is about the rdlS of faith. Protestants may that the arule of faith is the Holy Scriptures alone. Catholics afirm that the- rule of faith is the Holy Scripturese.intiipreted and explained by the Church. The-B --i sad main question to diseuss in a serious contro-' vesymnast be,Therefore, the quaton of the f faith: Ithe roleof faith to befoand hi the Seriptnrei, such.a fundamental prilciple is fraugbt with errors and leads to absurd omasqemesce, that will be enough; for the foandation being shaken out, the whole fabric must fall to the ground, and:it will becomediselesdo discuse every, or even any partieular point. Now, it is easy to show that the Protestant principle which lays down the Scriptures alone as the only rule of faith, draws wi itself several absurdities and im em, many evil and pernicious, and isa pious eonsequences. - Faith is a and unshaken belief that excla hesitation, all doubt, all mncer ty. Therefore, it must be grounded on indisputable and irrefragable motives, :which iane can give anabsollte ceitainty. But those indisputable and irrefragable mo tives cannot be found in the Scriptures alone, which, considered in itself, is a dead letter, lymng-open to any meaning.which= any mans will please to affix to it. In order that the Scripture alone and by itself, would afford motives absolutely certain on our fh should be required that each text should have a meaning indisputable. But this is not the case, as daily experience shows that the plainest texts are the objects of so many discussions; and this can*ot be the case in the Protestant system, where all men have an equal right to discuss and to interpret as they please. Let us suppose that a law-giver would frame for a people a constitution and laws, and statutes, and leave the whole to the private interpretation of every man, with out appointing magistrates and judges en trusted irith the right-let us say, rather, the-duty --of interpreting and-applying the7 constitution- and laws. Would not com plete social anarchy .be the unavoidable consequence of suehind act.of folly ? Now, we ask of any man of good sense, whether it would not;`dlta piour'lant-blasphemous, tnaecribe such an act of folly to Allnighty Godi in supposing that, in giving us his law in the Scriptures, he" .s left it, unpro tected, to the private interpretatign of every zan, wn'thout entrusting any one with the i he samet ., Do we not se t-he. working of blasphemous system In _nti., where' reigning an inore&ilng 'eonflon i of belief,o rather of opinions, i a rell gious anarch ompletely irremediable Moreover, fai is applied to the truths wh~ich we cann6t e w-ith the natural light 1 of our mind. Such is _.the_notion of~aith given us by St. Paul, when he says, in his I Epistle to the Hebrews: - " Faithis the con- I viction of things that appear. not." And St. Gregory the Great, whom we quote here, not as a doctor of the Church, but simply as a man or learning and good sense, com mentngon , " we see with our mind, is not the object of faith, but the object of knowledge." ] But we cannot reasonably -believe what I we do not see, unless we tely on some. and competent authority. We know that 4 our Protestant friends don't like that word, i authority; but they-can't escape it. And since faith is an unshakable belief, it must be grounded on an authority which is abso- 4 lately certain, and can never mislead or deceive us. In plarin w.rds, faith inecessa- 1 rily requires an infallible authorityto rely upon; faith is grounded on infallibility; :nd where ther isno infallibility, there can I lh no faith, but a lmere opinion, uncertain asd c·slireable.. lHere we come to the very heart of the I qufestio, Where does tlhat infallibility I reside without which faith, cannot exist i If i it cannot be t'ound inl the ('Cihrch, it must I reside in every man reading the Scriptures, a and Protestants, who recoil at recognizing infallibility in the Church are compelled to acknowledge it in-every individual. Such, c in fact, is the foundation of the Protestanit system; and Luther says positivey, that -dersntds it better t ,~ srome,,, Ag t SChryest.om,, and thlonths.so-calledl athse :I r ,e ,ds.i _ Let as see, theselbre, what we ought to y tainkofthat inabiblty so lavlhly grated to every private man. to sayt. that w4 pQo aur y that "iM Sgives an actual lisrleance to every man, while reading thl Sriptures, and enlightens him-with e suin ernati al- light, 'which en bles li°to understand most .asmuredly the 'truereads. a But let Prt prove that supks a r supernat flin.eb is really given to every reader of theSetlýures. The only Sy of provang witwuld be a-ghow.l ,a this - infa6libility -has been. ely toed tus by rlm gh lod. h where SThey cannot allege in the. whole Sejre SThat pretepded poishe oting L else but a gr supposition and mere fancy. Bu theeorary, we can shapw by eral texts that such a promise has .et 1 been made to every private reader of the Seriptures~. . .. . __1-. We res d in te read the wenty-fourth and last chapter ofthe Gespel of St. Luke .that when the Saviour appeared to his Apostles, after his resurrection, "he opened their an derstanding, that they might understand •the Seiptres.-e= herefore, untYtat rie they did not and e the Scripture ., and still they had read them for- rsy years. And remark het thai this opening - of understndading is granted i t heApestles only, that is, to those wheam oaf Lead had g precisely hosen4o explain the Scriptures to those who would believe through their St. Peter, in the third chapter of his t Second Epistle,- speaking -Ttmh Epis -ties of St. Paul, says that "in them I are some things hard to be `nderstood, ~ which the unlearned and unstable wrest, the other Scriptures, to their t own perditio." Let Protetants see whether they be-not concerned in that text. However, those who wrest the Scriptures to their own perdition undoubtedly are not enlightened by the Holy Ghost in mading t and interpreting the Scriptres. - - SWhat wehave said would be more than d enough to show what we'ought to think of private infallibility.- But, s the' matter 'Is of .vital importance, both to Catholice and to Protestants, we will come to it again in the next number. -C Conservatism of the Church. The period ir which we live is one of dis- hi cord. Society appears to be almost threat- I ned with disorganisation and anarchy.- a OI ne branch of the government, in the inso- t sne of an asmned power, is tampering i reckliesly with thr most sacr~dprovisions : -thq,C(onstiuation, and endeavoring to usuzrp the func f the two other de- I partment,- oo and co-equal with It itself. Suoh rotte -. inot found at the o core without uns es in the general body, and men who are so depraved polisi- 0 +ance among jheir oconstituents and in the 0 privat re pt -life. - Ia In fast, one look closely to find P evidence of au ve contamination in P t-e moral element of our couitry. The L family is the unit of the aggregate called society. --It is the germ of the ug5tei-. If e+ domestic re ions are n purity andstabllity, thegovernment itself P rests upon an unsound foundation. Now, it is evident that marriage, the basis 14 of the family, is no longer held sacred.- I Divorce is a mere question of time and attor- F neys'fees, and elopements arean item ofcom- S mon recurrence. Spiritualism establishes t occult affinities not recognized in the laws of t1 matrimony or ofnaturalmodesty, while free- a loveism and Fourierism throw off all mask- 11 ing, and proclaim a religion of the senses. With them the family is abolished, and the 5( nation becomes a joint stockcompany. It is true that heretofiore we have not seen A much of this evil in the South; enough, l however, td know the meaning of it. Even a Mormonism has stretched its foul hand into n4 our midst, and many still c~enep ber a res- in poctable circle of connections and friends ci made desolate by-ite touch. be Throughout the North and West this mix tutr of wickedness and infatuation has be- m come a moral pestilence. It is a social tl ecourge and a national peril. All society combines two elements-the tao. sUa t spises self restraaf of atforhe sake O-e lb prderan a y, and rogulsus aitheity as the stpaiple of the modal " Vice, on the owurasy, isfself-indulgent sh=e a iorsig ýhadirlioliy isTis hfple treat" ad restratnt, and reballious asainst evrh' uthiority. This iapilebce ua re-t strainti he elmetfol lo esrg and History Is but amonunent aof this truth. T igr nadeur ofb the mighty-ations otan tiquity 1 #iko adad. en well recognised thority, and stern adherence to virte. The patriarhei governmente were absolute Intheir po erwuraatrio itheir obsero eo.rel~gt leftiEven after the ha -t ! e tre.e od had leem e o among Cien, `te moriat Jnh of faith .tll re Isieed muchao viger,and gave birth to eelt natural virtaue. iy t io s mae ei .hi wed the beffs tSeudes fis . empire of b as stricites prl ple'_fat justice and self-control. Greeoe hsi given ngasase4epmairts as a synoije m for heroe i atempt of pleas ure, and Ronman virtue was inotru$t ble during the days when Roman greatness was growing to moafurity. Gradally, howevmerthe original impetus of natural virtue had been growaing less poweiful and less general, until finally, it e d entirely, as a public-o quality, with the degeneracy of the boedin people. Hea thenisna had drawn its folds closer and around our race, until flnally it ap .paede to aye crushed out all truth and all virtuie. Anarchy sesed upon the world, and naiverh barbarism was fast -eting over attmene. Tn the -meantime, however, another germ of life had descended into the brosoe of soiety-another spark of living fire had been sent down, which was to kindle into a great ame of regeneration. 'The Saviour bad come and left with uas His truth-the element of a new virtue and a new cirili ration. The young Church had to breast the surges of the sea of brbarism whicha wrts overwhelming everythingIn darklnes. She came to society in the momneht of its decay and dissolution. - The contest lasted for centuaries, and hally the Church tri mhend. - The ntide of destruction was Saedlgoit omnensaed to il aupon tes darkness; the-life of civization was saved. From that moment the reconquest of the world to virtue, to order, to civilization was assured. Gradually- the good work pro gresed, untilthe faith asserted its benea cent sway over- allthe -principal natiois of the world. The influence t ~ . Church was decidedly conservatilve. .-tuman learn ing, buried under the wrins of theold world, had been exhumed-the- vices of Paganism, which attacked alike the family and the throned were kept in check .tiena en ja ed fuller liberties, and governments more rcurity and strength. The conservative principle of the Church was her-athrity, by . which she was alebl to maintain the restraint necessary to social order. Then came Protestantism, with its denial of this authority. Its claim toaexistence might raise its head again, unawed by any power, subject to no restraint but that im-i posed by a duer regard for a fiine cea. Let it b n rtkesr aves t pectsb nsae, and it ere. There waer "no one to make it aldd eoon taeo tear the veil from the false 1 phet and save the deluded votaries etrar. Heathenismn has thus revived hbans 1ie - lethargyi off agesan undery the gatuis-e - religion, the worship of Venast and, of the e pauna and Satyrs, comes forth again Spiritualism, Free-lovelsm;Fourieris,, and I Mormonismn. One step more would lead to the lowest depth of a ancient superstitioi and introduce the worship of the Devil himself, which would not fail, however, to I callitself a religion-a church-a Christian I sect. We need not be discouraged, howevee As the Church has fought before, she will t ight again, and as she haxsconquered before, I she will conquer again. Her influence may I not be necessary to avert political evils now , impending over us, and it might not be suffi- 4 cient even if necossary, 1'ut of this we may a be sure, that without the influence of her conservatism, there will never be any per- e manent social order, or any true civiliza- , tion. _ See the advertisement in another colemn, heeded: STeachetrWanted." o the eoaf-m y ,i, a :tes 0 _bI w 1[ d ate r ev bolutio n tn a.lre . g. llywik - . ihba tneres _ oothe issue, since the anaeof eaestate and the availabity of bar are d e entupon it pthiaboi eitsandt its aecompanying Seasinese have taken sha pe ocelo a eager hebrts to induce en. Legira lstures aveoreatsd sad appopri-. asted yof this pojliy, eand con arenow Eoaepying *)en Se subject. In our ardor to bethtthis object, however, w, seould tt forgs th the ,l e n aing of a country ean be like other dervelopat ,t Snaturalor artificial. It may be lmulated by' est taneousing ueeeatahs me atpro s ad eiie tdits piwhsn W ubstained retit ary. infitsehes In e-ea .be t bealhe laddiP:mam 1 tit ought to U.aa Sturas-created and,dfeesed bytle.wants, Scapscltiesa andclreumsilaucss eftbe couury. i.omigraton beaa its institet anr-ite laws. a It shows natural incniato jia t'ae diree a tioan*here there is a wholesome demnau for it. Like water, it forms a current while seeking-its proper levelrif uncon"lled and t artificial current O cours after being j put above its natural level it will not stay - there without constraint. I We have heard of instances where great - was sucessfully displayed in obtain 1 ing white Europe laorers, yet where the I flnancialresult of the experiments was Tmnst r disastrous. Very probatly the natural laws of immigration bad been ignoreds' these Scases. f The development of these laws must be I the resalt of time sad experience, and as s a general thing the poplation of a coutry r ought to be built up gradually. A plant to I be healthy must be of natural growth, not forced nor perverted. SFor instanee, some of the wealthiest planters might, at-heir own expense, im porta large nuniber of white laborers, with the intention of reviving the old style of 1 planting on a large scale. Yet the -impres son appears to gain grouU1hat our large pl sntng systen -wa the least eoonomic - al~the leastneffeetive, for the numbers e gaged, thaicould e devised. Labor, to be steady, must be performed under the eye of the aptter, and the smaller the number of laborers he has to watch, the more faith Lhl will be the- eivices obtained. Small, rindependnmifarms -tbeta7ý -1aHhl_-e help,woultbe themost proitable and would indicate one of the natural laws of popula tion. An ffort to.revive an obsolete sys tom, regardless or trough ignoranne of this- law, would probably entail disappointment ompontsauthors.- Another law, to be construedby the light of experience, is the law of health. The selfshness or inexperie of the importa tion system, weloiBeek subjects-in any country, rega-rdregaf fitness for the climate to be enhoun ted, while the instinct of true immigration would bring those only whose constititions would be adapted to the field of-operations. Thus, where an Italian mountaineer would waste away with chills on a Bed river plan tation, another from the Pontine Marshes wQl Q3irevel itr mwontedhealth, -Where-a Swede Norwegian would faaint und the mid-summer sun, a laborer -a1iiy or would not peretive ineonve Probsidy the mos t satim and safist im igatleu wld ·be *u neigh!~ boring re ons S u& k"persl tendency of the upiDhwat w~~ould bring la could settle mbove do thie northend into the southern .coo aor North Louisianians into the gulf parishes, without risk, while places left vman n Tennessee or Kentucky could be asfely Illed. with immigrants, eveli Europeans by birth, froim Ohio and Indians. At any raitf the eapability of the South - to prospcr' th white labor, dan not justly. be considered a problem fo4tifnre solution. Instances of success are slficiently marked and numerous to satisfy the most skeptical. We happen to know of a colony of Germans not more than forty -miles from this city, who settled on one of the poorest portions of the pine-woods regions. A country con sidered by the-natives as incapable of sus taining human life in response to agricul tural labor, has blossomed into a garden under their management, and while ezjoy-