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The morning star and Catholic messenger. (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, April 12, 1868, Morning, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1868-04-12/ed-1/seq-2/

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M -a - -a- a wamw a---
' in th
AD T1 Tan IrOU. guire
The unaccountable indifference, we bhad repo(
almost said the criminal apathy, w , loU_
seems to exist in regard to the present PI` lavix
sition of the His Holiness, thb~i ope, is any- of th
thing but creditablt uto us Catholics. tary,
Have we reali hmensdthedangers he d
which threatens'J ir-of Peter t Have the a
e inquired whbitOur duties are in the forge
pe 'ses Let us attend to what is passing tion
aroun n, and if we cannot claim the on t
merit of-se ajg the example of demon- argu'
stratjig our fili ttachlnent to te i
of Christ, let us at le follow that of others same
who have a livelier fait ad more gener- form
ones impulses. Holland, a Pro t king- -V
-dom, a great preponderance o whose guir
-Catholic population belong to the wor g TI
classes, has collected in five months some- non
thing like $360,000 in gold. Other popula- of a
tions, insular and continental, have vied Irel
with each other in liberal contributions to on t
this holy.cause; and-we,-we of the United of
States, alone present a. spectacle of stolid it w
indifferetce! !url
The New York Freeman's Journal, to soap
which must be ascribed the high honor of
first " setting this ball in motion" in the the
United States, contains a letter from its seen
Roman- correspondent, Gen. Carroll Louist, nhl
a paragraph from which, being pertinent, men
we append: - of
His Holiness has been much gratified by dutir
the receipt of the first remittance from the sre
United States, in favor of 4he Pontifical pi
army ; small as it was it has been valued th0er
like the widow's mite, because of the feelings the
by which it was dictated. It was a matter of kno'
surprise to Europeansthat the United States stati
alone should be inert when all the rest of vila
the Catholic world was pouring in its offer- StIn
in . A valid e;ncuse for this seeming in- erfu
difference to ri cause which is common to erfw
all, was difficult to find. All that American i
Catholics abroad could do was to express man
their hopes that their coreligionists at the5
home would wake up at last to a sense of pc
their duty. Thank Heaven! that trust has ion
not been misplaced, and one Catholic paper,
at least, has been found which had the cour
._ageto take the initiative. As a very dis- the
tinuished ecclesiastic said, in connection laW!
with this subject, yesterday, " In matters of was
faith rand discipline, the first steps must be l
d taken laby the prelatesd but where, as in this lab
case, the duty of Catiolics is evldent, it is of a
unnecessary to wait for a consent which con
cannot consistently be refused." As a J
class, the Catholics of the United' State are unl
poor, but they have many wealthy men
- cents from each- one coI
woul pay of the entire dficit o e ap j
war department, and when once the move- efe
menft inaugurated by the Freeman's Jour- was
sal becomes general, I feel confident that A
the people of the United States will rank of a
first among the supporters of the Holy See. bed
So much by way of-generalization. Now- dini
then for local action. The initiative was fan
taken last week by the French and English ext
Catholi. jujrnals of this city, in whose col- win
uAttst -were tFpened for the reception of 1
subscriptions for the object indicated at the set
head of this article. This is done not pet
merely with the sanction, but at the in- for
stancure of our Most 'Rev. Archbishop, who fro
so rec(lten-tl was the bwarer of the Holy yeS
Father's lienediction to the faithful under the
his charge. Let us show our gratitude and ra
love by a generous response. Louisiana,- pe
Catholic Louisiana, show your faith by your
works! !p_
`spaISo Il-I. COLLE.tE.--AAs we were go- an
ing to press last week, a slip from a Mobile'
paper was received, containing an account de
of the semli-aunual examination of St. J.o- in
3eph's Chllege, Spring Hill. Had we re
veivwd the proceedings in time, we should fe
gladly have given them to our readers. A It
little thlntightfultnte on the part of those in
having control of t'hese things would enanble tU
us to do fll jiustice to tTtistime-honoretdn- tl
stitution. It is to be hoped that other in- P
stitutios will do us and themselves the tI
favor of collmmlunieatinlg directly. We can il
only give a 1fw f'aragraldphs from a Mobile d
pamper, the mlnue of"' which is lnot given : a
'The seaui-aannuaal examuination of that a,
tine-hoano~:.il institutitam, St. Josetph's Col- 3
lege, Spring l ill-undtler the nmaagemne1nt
of' a branc:th of that very excellent- society, i
the Order of Jesuits. liev. L. Curioz, lpresi- I
dent--c-nlte i iryefterdlay -vening. tltl the a
entertainnu-nat rcflhct ed thle greates.t credit j
on tilhe worthi" tithers and ll protlesors for tlt it
very great lproniciellcy ianld albilityv dislday-ed i
by the studellnts ill 11t" lelites ;alland exelrcises i
generally. - - .
There" wats aln inlltlllelans' assellllullge of the I
relatives and1 friends of the studtents, and [
adanir-ers of Tht. c-ollh'ge gnclerallyv ,linsent a
to witniess tilh' locttedillngs, wh al tl'tl't'eared
to highly lleasedxlantd entertainetd. 1
Athong tilet ditistnguisled visitors pr,.'sent I
w-e noticed that truly Soluthern and gallant 1
gentleiirniu. Admiral llapllhal Setnllllr,; Major
tlsl~iar, the Right Rev. lishoI l uinlan,
the lihv. Fathers Pecllicier andtl u)nlacnlll, of1
the C:althledral. F a:thers O'ceara, 4'Calla
ghan, lrto\wn, tile Rev. Dr. lIrry, and Dr.
D. C. Smil'y, of Dallas county.
Spring 11i1 College at present Ihas on its
books one lhundred and tifty students. aind
we hope before long it will hIave double that
As an educational establishment this de
serves to be suplported and encouraged, and
the very worthy order under whose man
agementi it is, have been always the pio
neers in the advancement of civilization and
the fine arts. Long may this very worthy
institution flourish.
In the late debate on the s
in the British House of Co .
gnire, member for Cork, to hij vio
repul la an industrious an oacien'~
ious repipentgtive, .ow adds the 'inerit of rHo
liaving eblveredthe most eloquent speech disc
of the pseisn. Earl Mayo, the Irish Secre- atti
tary, made a feeble attempt to reply; but erti
he dealt largely in statistics, and la-deild w
the members of the Irish Government, not ig
forgetting his own share in the administra- met
tion; his cumbrous periods fell'still-born £1(
on the unconvinced House. One of his the
arguments demonstrating the prosperityof weu
wa tin mt whisky was con- Lot
sulmed in that country now than at any the
former period. of t
-Ve esubjoin some extracts from Mr. M- for
e guire's maaiterly effort: wa
The position of ffaires in Ireland was one
noug to fill the mind of any commonly, bol
t tful man-with feelings, notery Mr.
of ely, but of foreboding and alarm. t
Ireland ted the aspect of a country W
on the eve great struggle, not as part to
of a powerhll ire at ee withe all the h
world. It was 'an army, as if tic
it wereA Poland or a vine of European the
Turke. Its towns we trongly garri- re
sond ; its barracks were to their Jd
utmost capacity; and dotachm of in
sfPantry were to be seen in q here cat
the face of a British oldier had not been th
seen for many years before. Besides these, inj
there were thirteen thousand of a nomi- ags
nally civic force, but. really a. supple- '1
Pmental army, one of the finest -bodies wo
of men in Ireland, whose ordinary we
duties would be the suppression of a we
street riot, but..whowere drilled, disci- far
Sforce, and now ostentatiously supplied withan
Sthe nmost effective and deadly weapons cle
f known to modern military science. Their ap]
stations were to be converted into so many ric
f village fortresses, loopholed, with iron voi
stanchions and shutters. In the harbors of Fe
Ireland they had from time to time a pow- del
p erful fleet; gunboats were placed on rivers he
which had never been cut by the keel of a to
man-of-war before, and all around the coast Bel
t there were cruisers on the look-out for sus- by
,f picions craft. Then there were trials at us
assizes, at commissions, and at quarter ses- lat
sions; there were searchings of houses for lat
arms of any kind, and, beyond all this, tie
the Constitution was suspended in Ire- the
land.- Constitutional libfty in Ireland ho
was so far dead, and individual inviola- pr
bility was at an end. Any humble man's on
s liability to arrest depended on the whisper re
a of a spy, [hear, hear,] the suspicion of a
common policeman, the swearing of a per- do
a jurer, or the folly or stupidity of a paid or
e unpaid official. In the midst of this there th
was scarcely any ordinary crime in the ti
e country. Every judge congratulated the w]
ur3 on thnatat of the country, except in t
reference to the state of thineigst nich he en
was now alluding. th
it As well might tihey Comlparetili condition al
t of a feeble convalescent reeling from his te
bed of fever with that of a strong man in or- R1
w dinary health, as compare the state of things th
in Ireland in 1851 with that in 1867. The QI
famine was in- 1847, 1848, and, to a certain Ce
1h extent, in 1849. The result of that fimine ae
1- was felt for many years after. Even up to f
of 1856 and 1858 Ireland had not retlyturned al
its back on the fever. In 1851 there were di
h seven hundred and fifty-five thousand it
ot persons in receipt of poor law reliefi 1S
n- forty-four thousand.-persons were evicted "
from their holdings in that year, and g
1o seventy-two thousand were evicted the U
ly year before. There was, besides,. what b
Ler the prime -minisWtr would call' a- huanor- a
nd rlage that year, an out-going of the very
life of the people ; three hundred thousand I
persons lett Ireland permanently in 1851.
nr Property which had been selling at twenty
tive, sixteen, and even twenty-seven years' p
purchase, was then selling at fiftee, twelve,
and even ten years' purchase.. . .
Lord John Russell was certly -right in
i -ke h.ga ate arvthing that parliament bad
tnt done had been done through fear, and not 5
Lo. in a generous spirit, and that measure, in- t
- stead of being an olive branch of peace was
planted with thorns which lacerated the
ald feelings of the Catholic people of Ireland. s
A It was not till riot was- universal and
massacre frequent that Parliament allowed t
tthe landlord to become the proctor, .and
ble to levy the tithes, from the tenants in
in- the shape 'of- rent^ [Cheers.] The
in- present condition ofhe Irish people had 1
the Lsein suntitd 8 in a single sentence t
cun in a pamnphletpuynlished within the last few
bile days by a g extletuatn who described himself
as the landY agent of several large estates
ib:t as well as a landed proprietor of thirty
l- I years' experience : " T'he great nass of the
,ent Ir'ish tenantry have lio better title to lthr
Sholdings than than tle will of their landlords."
si- W \ith great humor did Mr. Maguire relate
the a conversation that toolk place on this sub
dit ject Ibetween hizselt'ind ;atn Amlnnrican gen
ed T 'ile traveler sa:id to hiil;"' You atre a;
ist's membiller of the British l'ntrliamnit." '; I
have that honor," lie riplied. " You are
thte an lIrlshlniin." I lt)ve that greatir honor."
anld [Liaughter, and hear, Ihear.] The gentle
sent llau thenll entered into conlversation, tlud
itred said tlhat he desired some information ont a
loilat aliout which hlie wias ir doult. lie
stitnt lad ltl in Ireland, but could not-believe
lnutt the sttetc ent, that the majority of the ten
a[jor ;anlts in thatt country wcl'e without leases.
lun. lhe rcplli'd that tih' statemenit wis quite
t, ofI rorrict, atdl tihat tile. teliuants had lto secul
alia- rity for their iIdustrv bult the lhonor and
DI)r. good will of theirt lIlndlordst lie was asked
what wis the proportion of those without
in its leases, to which he replied that according
anld to the popular notion, they numbered five
that sixths, iand the landlords themselves ac
knowledged them as being three-fourths.
s de- To this, his acquaintance returned, "My
-, and God, is that a genuine fact Y" [Great laugh
man- ter.) " A genuine fact I assure yon."
pio- " Why don't you put it down " - ununr
1 and tunately, we can't." "Why don't, you
arthy change the laws 7" "Unfortunately W are
in the hands of those who nake the law."
e ll," . we-w settle
~pw put
n quoted cames amia
bleJo den and the benevoent Mr.
f Hogan. The latter case we have recently meek
discussed: m
"Mr. Hogan, a builder of Dublin, wa. I
attracted by the description of some prop- St.
erty in Wexford which was for male. it lisledi
Swas stated to be occupied by three tenants, and is
who paid their rent punctually, and think- river
lug a purchase would be an admirable comn- and ci
mercial speculation, Mr. Hogan paid his isever
I £1050, an puchased the estate, including sive i
Sthe tenants, y' and soul. The tenants trps
f wercpaylg at ta time of the sale some- takab
thing under ghteu shillings an acrp to SLee
Lord Valentia, an absentee landlord; and Long
the firit t yknewof their-new-landlord- -in t1
this benefactor to the country, this creation prest
of a great social revolution-was a demand Lord
for two pouaads sawarand the alteiratIle view,
was a notice to quit; and this, although jaceni
one of the tenants had built a house-on i valle;
holding valnued -at two hundred- pounds. a mal
Mr. Hogan might )aave shuffed every one St.
of the tenants out without-a word, but the amo1
Wexford Peope scoargedhim in its eolumns Cathe
to such a degree that, in his etas]peration, of th
She sued the editor for libel befote Mr. Jus- Fathi
f tice Whiteside,. not long since, an honor to nis
2 the House of Commons. The jury disa- dia
Speed; but .in the course of the trial the sacra
r judge said there was a law higher than the them
law of -the lasda which everymnan should use o
e carry in his breast and that was to do to night
a others ashe would be done by, and a feel- was a
ing of indignation was excited in that court and I
against the monstrous tyranny disclosed." of t
'He told the -trs that if England - c
a would do rightly and justly, and if time priesi
y were allowed for the measures to operate,
a we should wiless the conciliation of the you
farming clssed of the people in the towns, cold,
Sof those -w1o-had a stake in the industry Yo
and prosperity of the country, and of the f
Sclergy aand. bishops; and he said that an ld
r appeal would be made to the Irish in Ame- with
y rica to stay their hands. The day this first
n voice was raised in Ireland the power of the conti
if Fenian conspiracy in America would be Mtssi
* destroyed. In the name of the Irish people the d
S he asked them to do them common justice, far o
a to be to them what they would be to them- pole(
it selves. We had assumed all responsibility pries
I- by depriving' them of legislature. Let good
It us legislate for them as they would legis- want
I- late for the honor and happiness of Ire- to t,
or land. Whoever was the minister who paci- to
f, tied Ireland, his name would be glorious in until
i- the annals -of history. For himself, he or. c
d hoped not to leave. this House before the mhi
1- prosperity and content of Ireland were laid from
's on a broad basis by a minister who would from
er redeem the country and save- the empire.
a And now for the Established Church- -oeu
r- doomed to destruction. him
ir The "alien Church' was condemned by im
re the right honorable gentleman opposite, that
be twenty-four years ago, when he said that You
1ie which could not be defended wilu doomed. and
i t was incapable of being defended now - pe
he except by some-gentlmanh-wnibelied oic
that St. Patrick was a Protestant, and tlit- pom
in all the tithes originally belonged to Pro- I'
is testants. He had been in nearly all tie city
r- British colonies, and no similar state of r"e
things was to be found in any part of the Pets
he Queen's doiminions. In the British Ameri- mist
in can provinces he had heard expressions of CB
ne satisfaction from Protestant gentlemen, and
to from dignitaries of the Protestant Church, we 1
ed at the fact that no State Church existed to son
wre divide man from man. Any attempt to We
nd impose upon the peopl-of-eanada a siilar and
nf state of things to that existing in Ireland city
would be followed in three months by a
nd great uprising of the people, and in twelve find
he months' time the Stars and Stripes would ?ffe
sat be floating upon the ramparts of Quebec, joe
or- and above the Senate House of Ottawa. aa
But what was the State Church in Ireland t
d It was the Church of a small minority of thi
51. the population. [Cheers.] Seven hundred
ty- thousand Protestants in Ireland were in
ers' possession of all the religious endowments. w
ve Now, let them suppose the existence of an wi
analogous state of things in England; let of
in them suppose that the Roman Catholic t e
lad Church enjoyfed the entail of the ecclesi- cii
not astical revenges of thii country, and that wna
in, the clergymen of the Protestant Episcopa- ran
waslian Church were dependent on the volun
tae ry offerings of the laity of that Church,
and let them further suppose that  op
and bishop Manning, surrounded by the Jeuits,
red the Redemptorists, and other re iious or
and ders, going in state to celebrama in St. '
in Paul's cathedral, or Hen 'Is chapel. wit
Fine What would the Engli people say to
had that i Why, under. as circumstances, he ma
nee thought it highly able that the honor- con
few able miember for North WVarwickshire, (Mr.
self Newdegate,) instead of indulging in sonor- an
tes ous eloquence and startling prophecies, eO
irty would 1 found at thie head of some Fenian
tie orgy ation. "[Laughter.) Tihe honorable est
I0 ", ( rl lairt )
to lineal descendant of a Cronawellian
chief, would not be able to restrain his rio
lat pious indignn.tion at such an xlhibition of ci
u-Popish pnilip. [liennwed laughter.] Eng
;n- land wounld iot einhdure it, [cries of Ilhear,]
nilnd Irelland would lnot stannutl tile Estab- II
rea hlished Clhurch ilnly longer. tij
ire Mr. Maguire would renmove this inicuu.lm n
onr." without disturbing thie present incumbents. die
tl. W\Vhcun lie was in Chicago, ai hotel, in
nnd which a unmber of people were dining, pi
in a pllaying upon tine piano, auld otherwise
lie occupying themselves, was rmised iup.fron wl
lieve the ground without disturbance to any one.
teni- Tile Irish Established Uhurch could be fr
sns dealt with by a somewhnat similar Irocess. 'i
uite [A laugh.] No one proposed to intcrfere f
with thie vested interests of thie clergymen thie
ud nof that Church. Hie was haiippy to say thait, i
skeu 'a rune, those reverend _gentlemnen were I
iout in thie enjoyment of robust health, and i
dig their incomes would beleft with them till a
ive- they went to another world to receive the Pr
. reward of their laborsin this.-Irish PIaper. Ti
rths. am
' My NEW CATllOLIC CHURCH.--There is to be tel
ugh- a Catholic church erected the coming sum- th
ron." mer in St. Charles, Winona county, blin
nfor- nesota. The lot has already bn pur
you chased, and the building, we understand, th
r will o. b ommencee immediately.-NortA- fu
:sw" westerp Chewntele. jo;
e f owin beautifnl sentiments-iAn
' tar' rIsil be read with phi
of our people, es- are
earts are enlisted in. Th
gon throughout e is t
world, divine benefits to
meek and -lvily-,=OCatA.olic M;irror.
L.LWRESCE, ansas, ,March 22, 1868.I
St. Mary's Mission was long since e rf ii
lished among the Pottawatomie I n#y ad
and is located on the edge of the Kaiias i n
river valley, fourteen miles west of Topeka. to
and consists of a church, school-house, and cai
several good buildings, with quite exten
sive groends, tastefnlly-i4;nted out in fruit .c
treps iadl vergreeusri bears unnmis- reI
takabli sevidence of .o: culture and re eIt
Aaemneit, even'here in the Western wilds. 11
Long anterior to the orcanio act establish- atI
inq the Aerritory of Kansas, the Catholic An
priest here celebrated lIugnias-ts upon the i
Lord's day, while the wild buffalo in f
view, ctoppesd .the ich grais from the -
jaeent hilts, beneath which the great fertile ap
valley of the Kansas river spreads out like im
St. Mary's Mission was established here
among the Pottawatomie Indians, by the
Catholics, long, long years before the whistle
of the-locomotive was heard west of the
Father of Waters. Here, long ago, as noW,
pious priests administered to these poor g
Indians the Holy Eacharist, as well as the to
sacrament of baptism-here they taught an
them to.do acts of penance and also the M,
use of the rosary-..absolved'thiir sins- the th
night of death, when the immortal spirit th
was about to flee from its tenement of clay,
and from the lowly wigwam to the paradise tr
of the blessed.
- Indeed, we may well say that the Jesuit ea
priests are the modern psoneers.of Chris- th
tianity. For them and their high calling nc
you cannot find a climate too hot or too n
cold, or a people too savage or too refined. th
You find the Catholic priest by the side at
of the Caesars in their last moments-you sn
flild him daring the dangers of the deep ni
with the great Columbus- you find him the i1
first to erect the Cross upon the Western se
continent--the first to ascend the great 14
Mississippi to its source. You find hin. by tli
'the death bed of the great Napoleon in the an
far off island of St. Helena. Although Na- t"
poleon rejected him in prosperity, yet the tl
priest found him in adversity, and, like t ie
good Samaritan, administered to his moral
wants inr the hour of his greatest need ; and A
that, too, when his enemies had sent hiuin y
to the remotest corner of the earth. The tl
untiring and devoted priest never faltered. w
or.ceased to follow his footsteps. You find ol
him among the savagetiof North Americai ti
from the Polar sea to the Gulf of Mexico, of
1 from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean-you I
find him in Mexico since the time of Cortez-- p
you find him throughout the coasts and in a
the interior of South America-you find a
him in the jungles of Africa, and penetrating it
that country to the very source of the Nile. o
t Youfind him amonf the savages of Oceanica, tl
and the half-civilihzed nd semi-barbarous v
people of Eastern Asia. You find him ii
officiating at the funeral obsequies- of em- h
t - cd atat-s""" a tue refined city of a
t Paris-you find hin at home in the classic Is
e city of Rome, which,.at the preeet time is a
,f as remarkable for the great church of St. e
Peter's and the Vatican, as when she was c
mistress of the world, in the days of Julius 8
w Caesar. i
d But, if we would fully trace his footsteps, t
we must not stop here; for the simple rea
' son that he does not stop even in tome.
Wo e can follow liliron, and on,rover seas t
r and deserts to the very gates'of the holy
d city of Jerusalem; to the-very sepulchre of
a Joseph, where our Saviour was laid, and
e find him every he bearing his cross, an
od ffering up rayers; and even then r
, journey but be begun. -
' S is the character of the .esthood
iLat established" St. Mary's ssion, and
a this is a tribute justly their e.
A. J. -RviY .
SECRET SocIET ..-Secret societies,
u which, in the time n which we live, are one
et of the greates curses of Europe, were, in
ic the middle , a powerful instrument of
Scivilzati , when the necessity for union
was fe against feudal despotism or the ty
ran - of brute force. In those times of demi
barism they were the most terrible arms
that the feeble could employ against the
1 oppression of the pt ong; and, in one word,
of right agaiis fmjstice. l They had, like
_' chivalry, for their object the redressing of 1
I wrongs, and opposed, during a long period
1. with success, the cruel persecutions of the
to Westphalian tribunals; which desolates 'ier
he many for several centuries. It was in that
cr- ountry that freemasonry took its rise, and
[r was thence introdeced into F: nice and Scot
land, where it acquired an immensinflut
ence at the epoch of the death of Charles 1.
in, Of all the secret societies which have been
de established in Europe in modern times, the
most celebrated is, unquestionably, that of
the Illumnines, which lasted at various pe
is riods for nearly two centrui s. This also
of ciation was composed of mninny sects, who
is- pread themnselves over Gern~auy. Toward
the' close of thie sixteenth century, Jacob
b- Ioclhm foundled thie sect of Illummines Mys
tiques, wilm, proposed to explain all the Iaws
of niatuec bv the dlogmas of religion. In tihe
u last century, Pasqualin and Saint Martin
td. ietaviorid to peirpetuate this sect, taking
Sas the priniciple of their order the Theoso
g, phia Revelata of Bochm. Then followed a
e sect of charlatans called Swedenborgians,
I' whose headquarters are at Manchester at the
. present momeniit, and who have enlisted the
be French romancer. Delhialc, ill their favor.
** The Swedish Swedcnborg was tile founder
Lre of the sect Die Geistcerseher (those who see
Cen the ldeadl,) a sect for a long time confounded
at, -itlh tlhe-illluminaten order, who are tihe real
r Illumines. Swedenborg succeeded, however,
id in making numerous dulpes, amongst the
till most illustrious of whom were the King of
the Prussia and hris'minister Bichopehearer.
er. This sect was called the Illumines Vision
aires. The.juggleries of these dreamers af
be terward led to the bucket of Mesmer, and
m- the phantasmagorias of Cagliostro.
r- Grief knits two hearts in closer bonds
ad, than happiness ever can; and common sauf
ferings are far stronger links than common
agranMTra, nuo.uaguals -r.
NE-w MACHIN.-A builder In Philadel
phia makes fire-proof ceilings with a flat
arch of corrugated iron backed by concrete.
The archis supported at each end, by what
is technically known as a H-iron girder.
-MARIiN MACHINE.-A nail-making
been brought out, which, of
ts  an inch to two inches long,
,ill Cu gand six hundred pounds
a day r n e thousand pounds,
and ' a," from a quarter
to thlee rters and each, it will
cut two sand in an hour.
curious geologic ilanges that have been
remarked from time to time in the north of
Italy, and especially on the shores of the
lakes in that part of the country, are now
attracting more than ordinary attention.
An hotel; built many years ago at Denaen
zano, on the thore of the Lake is
rally sinking at tlratsoe
d aiand'the ground foor has ds
appeared. The immersion is taking place
imperceptibly, and without' mAykq A
scientific commission fromn-Mlan i been
a pointed to examine and report upon the
SOLAR EorLPsBE.-Our readers are aware
that astronomers are looking forward with
great interest to the solar eclipse which is
to take place-on the 18th of August next,
and will be total ton India. On this subject
M. LeVerrier, recently read a communica
tion to the Academy oi Slienaes,-informing
that learned body that the line of the een
tral eclipse passes through Aden, then en
ters India by Kolapoor, a little above Goa,
crosses the whole continent from 'west to
east, and quits it near Masulipatam. It
then traverses the Gulf of Bengal, passes
northof--the Andaman Islands, croesses the
northern part of the peninsula of Malacca,
the Gulf of Siam, the point of Camboja, the
north of Borneo and the Celebes, and lastly,
skirts the somith of New Guiner~.The dark
ner will be very long, and last more than
six and a half minutes, varying by a few
seconds according to the localities. This
long duration is owing to the circumstance
that while the moon will be in its perigee,
and, therefore, has a large appsarent diame
ter, the sun will be in its apogee, and will,
therefore, have a very small apparent-dia
A plain farmer says: "It is now over twenty
years since I knew that sweet oil would cure
the bite of a rattlesnake, not knowing it
would cure other kinds of poison. Practice,
observation, and experience have taugh me
that it will cure poison of any kind, both
on man and beast. I'think no farmer should
bI e without a bottle of it in his house. The
patient must take a spoonful of it internally.
and bathe the wound, for a cure. To cure
ia horse- it requires eight times as much as
it does for a man. Here let me say of one
of the most extreme cases of snake bites in
this 'neighborhood: Eleven years agp
a where the case had been thirty days' bad
I ing and the patient had bien gienup b
- 'his physicians, I heard of it, efied th i_
f and gave him one spoonful(*hich e ted
-a cure. It is -an iiutiott -for-a ale and
a strychnine. It wij-cure bloat ' cattle by
eating too freel of fresh over; it will
a cure thhesting of bees, s crs, or other in
s sects, will cure pe ens who have been
poibtied by a low- ing vine growing in
1, -he )iieadows, ca ivy."
THE Arcr FiurMAMEN.- fle intrepid
Kane, wh name will hereafter be a syno
Snym to rsevering adventure, thus, under
an tic sky, raises his own thoughts and
t e of his readers from nature up to na
d re's-Gd" The intense beauty of the
Arctic firmament can hardly be imained..
r It looked close above our-heads, with its
Sstars magnified in glory, and the very plan
ets twinkling so much as to baffle the ob
servations of the astronomer. I have trod
den the deck when the life of earth seemed
suspended, its movements, its sounds, its
=coloring, its companionship; and as I looked
on the radiant hemisphere circling above
`0 me, as if rendering worship to the unseen
n center of light, I have ejaculated, in humi
f lity of spirit, ' Lord, what is man that thou
'n art mindful of him t' And then I have
thought of the kindly world we had left,
' with its revolving sunlight and shadow, and
'u the other stars that gla#Uen it in their
e changes, and the hearts which warmed to
1, us there, till I lost' myself in memories of
'e those who arenot. and they bpre me bAck
f to the stars again."
e MATCHaEn.-liere is the grand secret of
r matches which light only on the box. -In a
bt building a nunimber of girls are seated hlit a
ad bench, busily coating the underside of a
t- quantity of wooden boxes with a soft, thick,
i- brown paste. - When this dries it looks al
I. most like a piece of gritty brown paper
ui pasted on the box. The matches which go
ie into these boxes are warranted not to ignite,
of though you rub them against ordinary sand
'- paper until every trace of the composition
a is worn off. How is this t The secret is
ao simple enough, asmost people knoW. Those
rd niatches which ignite only on the box arc
>l devoid of phosphorus. The pa.ste into which
i- they have been dipped containing no admix
vs ture of phosphorus, friction of :an ordinary
ie kind cannot make them lurn. They light
in on their own box because that ha:s thp phos
og phorus which they want. The dlaik red
o- coating now bwing ,put on the boxes by
a these girls contains suficienut lhosplhorus to
is, ignite the matches. The :paste is in this
ie case composed always of the amorphous
ie phosphorus, so that the girls wVho paint it
r. on the boxes do not sutfler in the least from
er tile nature of their employment. The safe
ec ty-matlch, we believe, was first maade public
ed at the exhibition of 1851 ; but the inventor
al not having protected it by piatt-nt it was
r, taken up by several makers. The obvious
he advantages it offered naturally recommend
of ed it to general consumption; and, but for
tr. one defect, it would probably have chased
n- other matches out of the market. This de
tf- fect was the sparks which dropped when
ud the match was lit. Servant girls complained
that their-gowns and' aprons were being
riddled with small holes by the use of this
do match; and, as servant grls were the ner
f- sons most interested, and, therefore, the
on best authority, the match fell into some dis

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