Newspaper Page Text
- mantm am,1 au m .
We continue our extracts from the itlantie MoathI, with the aiovB6 ditibn. "Out'Of the months of infants anlof t:ii~ellings thbo ulat pbrfected praise."" ' - Protestants who visit Catholic institiutions for the first time, and converse with'toase who have charge oftheare surprised to d d how litlt d i OCatholi differ from other .~ood SoeTe~ssteuahsersf the St. Stephea'sun . schpol, for example, their Ltoe, manner, feel ing, east of countenance, remind yor conti a of Protestant peaons ge d, in the s They are as candid and open ap the day. h are as truly and entirely oninced of the truth oftheir elllon as auy tant ever was of hi, .and their habit feelin tdbilt Protestants is-compassio. They think thlMreligiton is altogether sweet4nda engaging, f)lof 9opifortand hope;.ai they yearn to see all the world parting of its joys and con soitions. Just as we, inur ignorance, pity ten, so do they inutheir ignoaucee pity us. Iorant Catholics, of se, like ignorant Proestants, sometim pise or hate those whoadiffer from thepi oa~ iebs which are far beyond all humnad coin hesion. But the general feeli'g of our R Catholic brethren toward us is a tender and- *armdesire that we should immediately abah4pn our gooumy and qilrtive religion, and cqc.back to the true fold, where all is cheerlfine, certainty, and lov--especiylly tait There is nothing they pity us no much for .the -doubt and un certainty in which they. s many of us are living eoncerning S nitl articles of faith. A .Catholie cannot doult for the instant he doubts he ceases to be aCatholic. His church is "infallible;" hence hiiw. doctrine must be right. His plest- mnust bthe director of his soul; he has but to obey direction. Thus a good Catholic has intele ) al satisfaction and peace of conscience both ithin his reach ; and he truly pities those o grope In mental darlnese, and carry tli rdnof their sins, without the possibii tete ver being quite sure they are forgiven. The priest says:-" I absolve thee;" but it is on eertaiu conditions named, with which a persor -can -comply, and with which he can knsow he hbs complied. There is an impression among Protestants that the Catholic priests are not believers in their own creed; but that, being convinced of the necessity which exists in nntforlned minds of believing something almnns, aitnd tictitious, they recognize that necessity, ;:dl have orgln ized snperstition without sharing it. We some times hear Protestants parodlying .the ancient remark concerningtlthe -Roman augurs, and wondering whether two priests can ever look one another in the face without laughing. That there are Catholic statesmen and monarchs who take this view of the religion they profess is Sprobable enough. No candid person call associate nmuch with the Catholic pri~c - f the United States with out becoming are of the entireness anl strength oft ir faith in the doctrines they teach,-wi nt being convinced of their Adel ity to t ows they have taken. Why remain ri f they-ceaas esboalve, tis not the i false man would choose in this country. t with theearly masses, the great number of services, the daily and nightly calls to the bedside of the dyingt the labor and anxiety of hearing confessions, te deprivations of domes. tic enjoyments the plverty (the Archbishop of NewYk has bn,.f mthomand dollars a year and his house,) an. what with the social stigma which in ases co the very name of Catholic arraes witIt;;-there ase fw voca tions in which afrema believer would and --maom r m -s in cuss hypcritewould safer somuch wemariess asiddbgust. In one siclig time, two years ama sist priest of a populous Nw Yor ctkpdi" was 4ummonel cixty-five-times inaight dye to administer the commnnion dyig pea s, and forty-live at these times were a etPwea sunset and sunrise. The salary of anisistant priest, in these dear times, is four hundred dollars a year, a room and a portion of the fees he receives for aUar riages, baptisms, anl masses for the dead,-the whole -bein a bare subsistence, averaging aboutweightL.ndred dollars a year. The pastor of a church receives six hundred dollpswria year, a house ands portion of the feejusjt mentioned. In a few very extensive city parishes the priest may get a little more money than he really _ýeds; lbut the great majority receives just enough for the three necessities,-food, clothes, and charity. The manner in which our Roman Catholic brethren select and train their priests insures at least sincerity. It is a training which, in favorable eases, develops every noble trait of hauanarsture except one,-the sceptical, ques tion-asking faculty, to which all inmprovement, all progress, is dne. Some of the sweetest, purest. and loveliest hunman beings on this earth are Roman Catholic priests. -I haverhad the pleasure, once in my life ofconversing with an absolute gentleman; one in whom al, the little anities, all the little greedinesses, all the piltry fss, worry, aflhetation, haste and anx iety springing from imperfectly disciplined self lovc,--~e1LiLit been_consumed" and the whole man was..-kind, serene, urbsne, andT ut terly sincere. This perfect gentleman was a Roman Catholic bishop, who had spent thirty years of his life in the woods near Lake Supe rior, trying (and failing, as he frankly owned) to convert .rascally Chippewas into tolerable hfimnn beings. " I make pretty good Christians some of them," said he "but men f No: it is im.sible" But while i so highly rate this ex quinite human being, I must remember that his task in life had been far easier than ours. The two grand difficulties of human life he never encountered -the difficulty of earning his sub sistence, and the difficulty of rearing a family. "Thirteen years of temper in a palace," says Doctor Marigold, "would try the worst of you ; bult thiirteen years of temper in acart would try the best of you." The Catholio priest ought to be far gentler and sweeter than other mnen,. since he has neither a cart to drive nor a tem per to live with. It is also much easier to live an a grand, lofty, contemplative way, in the forestl than in New York or Chicago. A Catho lic priest, indeed, would be much to blamne if he failed to attain a high degree of serenity, moral refinement, and paternal dignity. The training of priests is sovare and long. They conc to the altar to be ordained, with faces pallid and wasted by long fasting and late watching. Years before, when they were little hlyS in the Sundayv school, they were noted- for their docility, and their interest in ;all that related to the CBIurch. The plstor nmarked them, observed them. As soon as they were old enough, they aspire to servethe prist at the altar; and this ambition was, at length, after due trial and preparation, gratified, to the great delight and pride of parents andrelations. A Prrtestant cam hardly imagine the joy of Catholic parents at seeing their son ministering to the priest at the altar. Besides being a con spicuous reward for his good behavior, and a kind of guaranty of his future good conduct, it is also sonmething done toward his eternal sal vation. Our IRoman Catholicbrethren, abound ing in faith an t!hey :~rr, scoffat'the idea of beiiig. "justified by faith alone," and feel themselves bound "to work out their salvation." The zeal ouslad, impelled pti by ti motive, 1iit chielly by natural veof lfdeyi sid devoted, soon elogs to t eleot band alt boys, who glory in aMng at the t imhes, and in masts p6rftmed at. t The parjnr. eavwseswlh h~rs~ts, n sug. they consent, but mano aifford expeise of educsting the boy/or the priesthoodwoys 'are found o sidin g/him through the preiinaresy studiaes. Thptudiies,--what are they Latin, Greek, theogj y, and whatever els' *ultivates the-imsaglnaiiea rd assists faith. With pinched cshekds ~td aunlgr eyes, and sols on. fire, the yonn meni kneel to receive ordination, while anll Catholies who look upon the scene are ft l with a feeling that wo ld be compasion it were not triumphant jo0y "' We- believe," ays a - convert, who witnessed the ceremony lately, "there were few dry.eyes,ih .that base ment chapel when the long ceremony came to its close, when, the last words of benediction' had been given to the newly consecrated priests by the upafted. hands of the bishop; and cold and selfish must have been the' heart which did not linger to-send up a fervent petition that God would give perseverance to thiehe youthful and self-devoted laborers in his vineyard. Buat never shall we forget the zeal and eagerness with which the first mass of each new priest was attended,'or how the crowd, mens, women, chll-' dren, pressed forward at its close to receive the benediction from those innocent and nowpaano tifled pialms. So precious is this first Idessing from a newly ordained priest, that old priests and even bishops come eagerly forward, and bow their h adss under the. freshly anointed hands." Sincere! The sincerest believers in the world are our Roman Catholic brethren. Faith, like every other faculty or habit, grows strong by" exercise. Every time a Catholic attends mass, he is required to perform the most tremendons act of faith ever attempted by the human mind since its creation. Whatever may be weak or wanting in Catholios, they abound in faith. Our Roman Catholic brethren are acquiring so great an estate in the United States, and ao quiring it so rapidly, that it becomes a matter of public concern how they get it, what they do with it, and, especially, what they trill do with it by and by, when it shall have become the largest property held in the country by or for an organzatiioe. Other organizations usually live from hand to months but, somehow, the Catholics always contrive to have a littlemoney ahead, to invest for the future. The Catholic Church, seven tenths of whose members are ex empt from the income tax because their income is under a thousand dollars ayear, is a capitalist and has the advantage over other organizations which a man has over his fellows who, besides earning his livelihoiod, has it thousand dollars to operate with. 'There are spots in the West ern country, over which the prairie winds now sweep without obstruction, that will one day be the sites of great cities. Our Roman Catholic brethren mark those spots, and construct maps upon which, not existing towns alone liare indti cated, but llrobable towns asib. A professor at one of our Western colleges saw, two years ago at'Rome, a better loap of the counltrtl west of the Mississippi than he ever saw at homne; upon which the. line of the Pacnific railroad was traced, and every snout was dlott:e where a settlement would naturally gaither'. nd a con jecture recorded as to its prlbthlh llleiiplortatnce. l'iv;r hundred dollars judiciously iv.'eteil in certasin localitivs now will huy land which, in fity years, ou In twenty, may ie wort itlonehean dredt millions. Thirty-seven years ngo tihe best thousand of acres of the site of Chicago ecould lhavebeen bought for a dollar and a qu:arter an acre; and there is a moan now in Chicago who dWilta a lot worth twenty thousand dollars which he bought of tlie governiment imr fifteen cents amd five eights. Now, there are in the 'Roman Catholic C~hurch men whose business it is to turn such facts to the "advantage of the church, and there is also i systematic provision of money for them to expend far the purpose. Look atouriwlau heit Shitf ii.'eni years ao there were but one ortwo small Catho li churches upon it. It was not until le3I that there was s·h a pLueonage as a Romanl Catho lic bishop of New York. Run over-the diocese now, and what do wefiund! Churches. eighty eight; chapels attached to institations, twenty nine; colleges amltheological seminaries, four; academies and seleet scbools, twenty-threre; par(clial schools, tireto nearly every ehc.lsrcih: charitable'tlylumsand hospitals, eleven; religi ouscommunsities of men,six; of womIen, ten. Rat this enumeration, as every New Yorker knows, conveys nlo idea of the facts. Everything wilich our lRoman Catholie brethren buy or mihild is bought or built with two oljects in view,-dln ~rtions and growth. Hence moassise structures, ind plenty of land! Vherever on this islandl, or on thlle lovely waters ilnear it, you observe a spot upon which nature and chirumutances have assemnbled every charm and every advantage there the foresight and enterprise of this won derfil organization have placed, or are placing sosumthing enormous and solid with a cross over it. The marble cathedral which is to contain ton thousand persons is going up on the precise spot on-the Fifth Avenue which will be the very best for the purpose as long as the city stands. Yet, when that site was selected, sev eral years ago, in the rocky wilds beyond-.the cattlet-markl.et no one would have felt its value except a Jlohn Jacob Astor or a lomsan Catholic archbishop. This marvelous church so pos seeas itself of its members, that Catholic priests are as wise and acute andl pushing for the Church as the consummate man of husiness is for his own estate. Our excellent and zealous friends, the Paulist Fathers, when they planted themselves on the Ninth Avenue opposite Wee hawken, Isought a whole block; and thus, for less money tlllha one house lot will be worth hin five yeart, secured room enough for the expan sion of their community and its operations for ten centuries! And there is the Convent of the Sacred Hleart. in the upper part of the island, the old Lorillard country seat; and tie great estabhlishment of the Sisters of Charity on the Hudson, where Edwin Forrest built his toy -ecastle,-were ever sites better chosen f Mark, too, the extent of the grounds, thie solidity of the buildings, andl the forethoughlt inid goI sense whieh have presided over ll the srrange ments. All these things cost -money, though bolught and built with mnost adnlmirable economy. Fifty million dollars' worth of landti andti buildings the Church probably owns in the diocese ot New York; one half of whiTch, Ierlhals, it acquired by buying land when land was cheuapl, anid keep idg it till it has beconie dear. Protestants wll not fail to note the wisdom of this, and to re flect upon the weiakness and distrincted inef fleenti of our lode of doing business. lunt the question remaain ,Hlow was tnhe other half of this great estate accunmlated in half a century by an organization drawing its revenues chiefly from mechanies, smnll store-keepers, laborers, and servant girls Why, in the simplest way possible, andil without laying a heavy burden on any ont, The glory of the Cathsolic Church, as we all know. is, that it is the chutrch of the poor; and inii this fact consists its strength, as well as its glory. The iunit of thie Catholic' Clhuchln is tile piarish. A certain number of parishes constitute the diocese, andt a certain number of dioceses form an arlch-tlioce e; but the heginning of every thing is the iparish. Just as a company of troops is at once a whole and a part, snmi in itself, haut imginfiniiug in its organization the whole army inillnependelt and vet snborulinate, such is a par ish to the Church Universal It so happene that a nw eprlsh. is.nowa.lmibldin the city of !rCh sIil ni d h 1ao.; and I ban . dsmh._ e ihi ti_ slltae upon a. €(in fl ene e!inae) a handbA [Hers hblowse an frie laying out a new Observe nowthe simplicity and emliendy' of the system. 8t, 8tephen's pi h, .entaining a twenty-ive thou d rtho ls., had be come to' oulous tje adequately served by one iuharc; sad thereote this lice(a ilelong i amd quarter of a mile wide, containing,, per S-haps, ten thousand Catholics) is cut off from it Sto fornn a new parish. The archbishop looks Saout among his clergy for pricst fitted by no tore andeircunmstances too a parish and - provide for it suitable bnllding The priest o 0 lected feelshimself honored by appintment; ' it is promotion to him it is reward and stimulus. SHe comes to his newv field munshackled, except bL y the-general laws and usages of the Chure. SThe same Church which tries and tests with t such unrolenling severity the. candidates for the priesthood trusts her priests with great reedoim, .great power, great responsibility while supplying them with the most iowerful motives to exerrtion She supplies both kinds of motives, the nohlo iand the comnnonplace. sThis priest lijin a church to build, schools to form, a parish toereate. Hle has no wife: the Church is his spouse. He has no child: the Church is hi s -hi I! Professional prilde, espro de corpe, human lanbition, iand ull 'the other ordinary motives to exertiol, colnspire in thi:i man with benevolence and reljgioni: since iit Sfirmly and entirely believes tdhit thle li:ul.ti ,ICatholic Church is the sweetest, holiest tslll I'thLest thing known to aanu--his best coinsula tioun here, andhbis surest luhitpiness yonder. In union there is strength; atli yet when. a S.tbgisto be done, one maun tmust do it. Our oiman Catholic brethren contrive to work at once, with the power of aunlon of two hundred millions of members, and with the eflicient force which only an individual enmi wield. This priest of the unformed parish is as indepelndent as the captain of a-frigate oni his own quarter deck, who must ever heep an eye on tihe signals. of the admiral's ship,. Iut who when the signal says Gio in, lays his ship aloingside, and arries on the actionill-its own way, subject only to the rules of the-service. This priest, too, i. rot required to waste his force and the hbst of lii" time in writing brilliant seruouns tbr thle enter tainment of a cloyed, fastidiouls congregaiiilats. His is healthier, manlier work. He lhas to la0, itt times, with contractors, Lnmsons, carp.enters, architects. He is out of oors a goll deal, watching the progress of buildings, uponll tihe erection of which his heart is set, and the comu iletion of which will gratify- his pride as well. as his benevolencel, l,de.s entitling himu ton is sislhrationi elsenhiere. eeinig whaiit a healthll and liull lift these Catholic lriests lil.t, I .n lonlger wonder to l ti ti'nil sol roallulic, c'olll lnl. . cheerful, and lmerry. Our'priest, as we see iLL the hlu:iluill, hire, at hall, and begins. 'The enterpri:. is self-sustain ing from the first day. His t-hree maules oil Sunday, his daily mass, his vesper services, his pew rents, his fees, bring in money enough for all expenses, and a surplus for the church which is to be erected At every mass there is a collection. A building committee is formed ; subscription books are opened; fairs are held. on seven years, come to lthis new parish, and you shall see: 1. a large and handsome church; 2. A good parsonage, next door to it; 3. A'fivel or six story building adjoining for a parochial school,-with two thousand children in it under the instruction of the Sisters of Charity and the 1 Christian Brothers. 'this is no exaggeration; for I am only stating here what has actually occurred in the next paris,--hat of thelnumac elate Cohleeption in " as.e .nnrt' h-street. Seven years ago, when D[. Morrogh was ap pointed 1astor of this parlsh,there was neither church, parsonage, nor school. He now has an excellent church, which 'he is about to enlarge, a sntfficient parsonage, d an exceedingly spa cious and handsome school house, wherein, by the time these lines are read,° he will have t wenty-five hundred children. It isa true that Dr. Mrrolgh possesses unusual executive ability; ,itt, on the otheh hand, his church is in the helart of the tenement-house regions, and he pr,,ltl,], i.s h not a hundred men in his parish wii, ,.va'r have a hundred dollars all at once. Pirobably he can boast--stud a proud boast it is tior i Christian minister-that nine-tenths of his tlock are laboring men and domisio ser vatlts. And it is these poor people, who have soulced themselves by paying for these. build ings, which cannothave cost less than two hun dred thousand dollars. -Nor has it been a heavy burden to any one but the pastor. "Many a night I have liin awake," said he, " wondering where the money was to come from to go on with." But for the luolple -of the parish it was easy enough. Are there iot fifteen thousand of them f If each contribunes tens cents a week, does it not come to seventy-eight thousand dollars a year r Thus, by the nuistimuitted, quiet operation of the system, all our cities will be covered with costly Catholic 'structures, which will con stantly increase in splendor and number. In some New England villages, and in several New Englaiid towns, the Catholic Church is already much the most solid, spacious, and ornate eccle siastical edifice in the place. It must be so; for the poor besides being more generous than the rich, are hundreds of times more numerous, and their pennies flow in a conitinuuous stream. Nor do they confine their gifts.to coplper coin. "An Irish housemanid," says at paragraph just afloat," has given a stained-ghlass window to the Catholic Church at Co:ncord, New Humpie shires" Nothing more credille. Two servant girls, in this very Ihousa where I aim now writ ing, educated their brother for the priesthood.-, keeping; on, yesrafter year, spenlding lnothinig for their ipersonil gratificaltion.l iterall' inothing, but suistaining- himji respecltai:l., until onl eue itatic day they went off in thi-,il-Snday clothes, their faces radliant'withi joy. s. Iill ordlaineid. Having necomiplished thise wvoli-k. thelly next saved thie unum requisite?'C';f: I e,':iul) fdr tlhir honlorable aldmlission: into L liLmrll'ialiiS '.religiosll order, iu wlin vih they lon' aries. .isld yet tlhe self-indlulgeUt parlor litis the insoluiiuec to thillk itself mlortlly snpllicrilr to thell af-lltlleyilg kitchen. The Itecortding Ailsgel, if tlhere in sun'il Ilok-keeler, hll soni oiilthillig to cuter to u:i, credit oft the kitllclen muclllh ofttenr., lrohally., than lie hius to that of the uuililtmenssnllts i,' it. [C'oncludel nce·xt we,,'k.I TIIE l'IAiNCII oI AN US.--'TIn( IuIunii'h of an ox or cow is niever enitly, eV-'ill if tile animal has been soime time olt it. fetied. t There isalways a large mass which rueilal:ins there, and if it does iinot fill the whole .i.ce, I the balance will lie tilled with gas and va per, whicll will escaile when the ruimmen is punctured. Mr. Colin hi,. found oue hun- t dred pounds of food in the stbtalici-of ani mals that have died, even aifter a long dis- I ease. He found that one hundred and I fifty pounds in that of a bull that had not i taken food for twenty-fotur hours, and over two hundred pounds in that of a cow ean- I mined under the smue conditions. Of course 1 this mass does not represent thie same s qunnntitS of dry food, becau'e _then takenl nto the mouth and stomachl it absorbs three . or four times its own weight of water. We commend the following remarks on gzaipe-- wag, from the Jf'ermrs .Meatfly .lfgaesne, to the attention of te6eaders of the MoaxRxo STAR AND CAirOraM MusW-. f GNX. There is no insuperable bisfle in the way of makiug much of our-intr-amfars y space available, both for profit and embel" lishment. We shall, as occasion offers, t present such facts and hints as may serve to inculcate a pure natural taste for this en 1 jo e and innocent pursuit. Intormation on this point alone may be well worth the subscription price : t THn ScTirrnwoxo-Tle Grape of AAmer ica.-This most wonderful grape was first brought to notice by Col. James Blont, of Scuppernong, North Carolina, who fontsd it growing wild along the banks of the i Scuppernong river. There are three varie s ties, white, black, and golden hued. The ,. white is the native, and is the one generally a known; it makes an amber-colored wine. e The black ripens after the white is gathered, alnd makes a darker wine, though there is no diflerence in the taste of the fruit. It reanains on the vine until after the frost, and will sometimes keep till after Christmas. The white berries are gathered by shaking the vinui the black kind must be picked. The gdiden hued yields a wine of the same color, wahich readily induces intoxiaestion. ' The New York Watchman says: " We have t delightfql memories of the sweet scents d borne on the breeze, as we approached t Southern homes where the scuppernong , was cultivated. We have never eaten any t grape in Europe or America which suits our taste like this, so sweet, so refreshing, so 1 innocent." It is immensely productive, I surpassing all others in its almost fabulous yield, a single vine often producing annu Sally from twenty to fifty bushels of grapes. One vine in this county is said to have yielded over fifty bushels thisJastyear. Dr. Neisler, of Georgia, has one averaging t thirty-five bushels. There is one at Mobile I, that produces forty bushels, bringing its owner over three hundred dollars. Col. Ross, of Georgia, writes that he has a vine thirty years old, that yields annually from tihirty-tive to seventy-five gallons of wine. ' There is one near Somerville, Tenu., pro durin*; fruit enough for a small family, and Im nking ia barrel of wine besides. Two vines are generally considered enough, in North Carolina, for inc ordinary-sized family. Mfr. Van Buren estimates that one hundred vines, planted on three acres of land, will yield, every year after maturity, five thou I sand two hundred and fifty gallons, or one y thousand seven hundred and tifty gallons per acre. Vines will live for a hundred 1. years, continually increasing in size and i quantity, If properly treatjd. Other grapes live but at. few years. The scuppernong never fails to bear, never mildews; never r rots, is seldom troubled by frost. There e are but few fruit trees, of any kind, known to live half as long as the scuppernong. Its y native region is a level, dry, sandy, open Ssoil, tiough it is also found _in abnnisn"" in in-iiarbir, aidlong hill sides, near the Tar Neuse, Roanoke, and Cape Fear rivers. It r will flourish in alluvial bottoms, as well as sandy plains. Thousands of aseres in the South could be planted. Indeed it will grow in this latitude anywhere that cbrn or cotton will grow, and is ten times as profit able as either. An acre that will growi thirty bushels of corn will yield three hun. dred bushels of scuppernong grapes. It will not flourish in low, wet, heavy land, indeed no other grape will; it will, per haps, come nearer to it than any other. It Srichly deserves the appellation of "' the poor man's friend," because it needs no e pruning nor training, nor placing of vines along-trellis work; because it never rgil dews nor rots, and never fails to preenre an abundant crop. The scuppernong outlives man himself. It is more profitable than corn or cotton, wheat or grass, or any other product of the earth. It is also an excellent. 1 preventive of disease, having been known in many instances to prevent bloody flux, I by being ued moderately at meals. One vine will pay better than ten acres in cotton, or corn, wheat or grass. Every man who owns a square rod of land, can, if he will, procure one vine and have plenty r of grapes to eat for himself and family, and r add annually to his wealth from fifty to one hundred dollars. Try itreeader, and you will never regret it. - TiE STRAWBERRY TOMATO.-This tiny looking tomato is becoming a favorite among many good housewives for preserves. Its delicate flavor, and its smooth skin ren ders it valuable for this purpose.-Maine F'armer. TourATOEs.-Much interest will be felt this year in the tomato question. .1 good early is of vast importance. The co-maon large Early Red has not been much ex celled. Keyes' Early, though it was a mis take to- introduce it as thirty days earlier than any other kind, is yet a good early kind. PEACHIES IN LOI:II)A.--II the northern portion of Fl.orida, the peach, and its kin dred fruit, nectariuns, aprists, and al niltnls, are mnore at homethan in any other t.LtL: in the Union. Early peaches, which e ,lu'rise nearly iall their trees, ripen in . ::,': in August and September anllgone. e',ntry Gentleman. A -iA.RAos.-Asparagns roots are gen erally planted too thickly to produce fine shoots; they starve one another. A bed five feet wide should have three rows, and the plants set about eighteen 'inched a:lart. A deep soil in very inllmrtant a.sthe su'r.eu lent st:'ms require every chance they can get. for olbtaiiinig muoisture. .About four inches lel,:tthl the soil in sufficient to )l:lant thenm. GERANIUMI CARDI)INAL WIS.EMAN. S- A 'Potteville, l'a., correspondent salys: "I ltavc received from England, per Mr. B., a few cuttings of a new geranium namied SCardinlj Wiseman.' It in represented as beinng one of the most effective bedders, antd lhaving the most brilliant colored flowers of any geranium grown the past season. Fromnt what I lea'rn it mniust have been pretty well disseminated, as every place of note had a bed of it growing." Ill CAMP' .Thagwe, BOOE WLLER AND STATIONgII. W U ame wrCW as Wuld respecth*al eall the ateation of Catholics to his large and apemadd moestk of Cahblie Prayer Books and Bibles, flom ue. Tet each. -Als varieasChiaro Boks, sad Works of Devotioen Jinledind g t" Lives of the Roman Pet"ll " from St PstertoPins IX the" Imitattoeof Christ," by Thaam s A'Kemptis Smadlier's Cathelle Directory and Orde, •t " - --." Mr. Greashat wqld speeally announce to the beads of Cathoell eboos-adC-Oeveats that be is prepared .to ftrniah the'Siol Boots amed and trequied at the lowet Northern prices, ielaIng the Christin Brethers' Series, the Metropolitan Readers, Kearney's Series of School Books, and all kinds of Stationery. mhli5 ln T FITZWILLIAM i Co., FOREIGN AND DOESTIC STATIONEIRY. BLANK BOOKS, No. 76 CAMP STREET, NEW ORLEANS. Blank Boeoks of every ise and style made to order, and Books neatly bound. Job Prnlting, euch as Cards, Bill Heads, Letter Head. Cireulae, Bill of Lading, etc., neatly and promptly erM ented at the lowet market rates. WE HAVE OUR OWN PRINTING OFFICE AND BINDERY. Orders. repectfully solicited and caref y attended to fee 3m - p. F. GOGARTY CATHOLIC BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER, 151 Camp street, opposialte St. Patrick's Church, Has a general stock of SCHOOL BOOKS, especially those usneed in Cathelie Schools and Colleges. Bibles, Prayer Books, Standard an Miscellaneous Works, ap. proved by the highestCathello anthorities. All the latest Catholie Publication. Beads, Medal, Crucifixes, and rell. gionu Pictures. General =gent for all Catholio Newapa. per and Magazines. Base Balls, Bats, Bases, and Score Books. felS am J. 3. U-L.L . . .. DIC... . TýRULL dcI ~ -r---- - - - RE A IIOL T Ia AxD rTrAlL BOOKSgLLERS AND STATIONERS. 106 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. Law, Medical, Miscellaneous. Scl1ol, and Juvenile Books. t9I0 3m EDTUCATIONAL AGENCY. CHARLES D. ELDER, No. 140 Poydras str,et, Noew Orleana, Being Spiecial Agent for masny Colleges, Conv,nts, and Academieas in Southern and Western States, offers (gratis) facilites to parent and guardians who wish to select schools for their children and wards. Catholic Institutions may have their collections and any other interests faithfully served, by placing them promptly in charge of this Agency. Addrses: Box 1034, Postod®e, New Orleans. La. mh8 em HARDWARE, CUTLERY, AND STOVES. J. IL ATrrKXN C. L. AITEENS. SS. AITKENS & SON, . neronias AND DEAuZ IN HARDWARE AND CUTLERY. --or-Mahebin·tr slBalders admHekeepe, l36 Tehoupiteulas, Noa. 10, and V Delord street, mhl 3m New Orlesa. CHARTER OAK COOKING STOVE I THE BEST IN USE. GOLD MIDAL AWA rmD TI roa AT LOUIsIANA STATn' PAIO or 1866. Prize Bres haked In . CIHARTER OAK at both Start Fair--=06 and 18t8. RICE BROS. & CO., Agents for the State. 8t and 91 Camp and 516 Magazine street. CHARTER OAK WAREHOUSE, fele 3m 07 and 99 Julia street. PHILIP MaCABE, COPPER, TIN AND SHEETr Iron Worker anddealer in Stoves and Grates, No. le6 Camp street, New Orleans. IRoofing GOttering, and all kinds of Jobbing done with. dispatch. An amortment o1 Tin Ware always on hanl, nnd made to order. 1l;i16 3m EDWARD O'IOUILKI. MATTUIW MEAOiZlEIL O)ROURKE d MEAGHER, STEAM BOILER MANUIFAC EtS -AND- -. BLACKS THS, Nor. 183 and 185 P~l , and 13 New Levee streets, betwee Joseph and Julia streets. Low Pressus, Locomotive Pined and Cylinder Boil. es, Claritler, rlilters and Juale Boxes made at the short. eat notice. Will make aontrdatafor Boilert, and all necemary con. neOtloos, such a. Fire PrMtE, Grate Ban. Steam and Stand Pipe. V-alves, etc. Chimneys and Breeching. 4l 'of which wil he furLamheat-te. lowest foundry prices. All work done at this establiehment will he guarua. een d eqn in point of workmanship and material to san in the city or elsewhere. Plan ter and Merchante are respectfully Iavited tl call and examine our work and prices. mnlP i ly GASFITTERS AND PLUMBERS. D. McKENDRICIC, HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMIIETR. GAS FITT.EI,'Erc. 464............ MAGAZINE STREET........-. Between Race and Robin, From twenty yearM' prctic.r experience in tile l,uinss. can warrant all work entreated to him. N. Par. SLTll be spared to merit the confdene of hi na ..:Ls. i~, haa ing -U orders promptly executed with the bh.*e" materials anti iatest improvements, on the most moderate trnna. DWELLINGS, OFFICES, STOIES. etc., Fitted up with Water anlti Gas Pipe. liOT, COLI), PLUNGE, AntI Shower Bathing Apparatus. - WATER CLOSETS, WYA.IItHSTANDS, SHEET LEAI). IICDETST ZINC, .. FAUCETS COPPER, and GALVANIZED IRON. (;AS FIXTURES, CHANDELIEIS, etc., AND Tilt ('II.I.IENtiE COOKING R.KN;Er.. sisld 1 Per hl,,t water pipe1 atts'lh,,,entn, .OII a'IiNTyiL. . II. AI'I'LE.ATE. _1cI."r:E &t AIU'LEC.ALE, P I1 UMIE R It, Ikeahrn ii, ('seking Ranges and ]04, 1.1.,. IIsat T,,l,s. \Water lnitt.,4ts, ItuaLs Stlnds, Kit*'ie*.ii Sseke, Lilt ano Frn'-t l',Imls. Ale Prnum, Sisest andi Lad Piipe, lhr.M and l'latled Coks of all pattern.. 140...............IOYDILAS STREET ..........1...41 NEW ORLEANS, "N. ii--.ag.·n is ur Couwii'lie, |aw di Willards rPatent Tlin Li nsls ]lile*.