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The morning star and Catholic messenger. (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, April 12, 1868, Morning, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1868-04-12/ed-1/seq-3/

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- mantm am,1 au m .
We continue our extracts from the itlantie
MoathI, with the aiovB6 ditibn. "Out'Of the
months of infants anlof t:ii~ellings thbo ulat
pbrfected praise."" ' -
Protestants who visit Catholic institiutions
for the first time, and converse with'toase who
have charge oftheare surprised to d d how
litlt d i OCatholi differ from other .~ood
SoeTe~ssteuahsersf the St. Stephea'sun
. schpol, for example, their Ltoe, manner, feel
ing, east of countenance, remind yor conti
a of Protestant peaons ge d, in the s
They are as candid and open ap the
day. h are as truly and entirely oninced
of the truth oftheir elllon as auy tant
ever was of hi, .and their habit feelin
tdbilt Protestants is-compassio. They think
thlMreligiton is altogether sweet4nda engaging,
f)lof 9opifortand hope;.ai they yearn to
see all the world parting of its joys and con
soitions. Just as we, inur ignorance, pity
ten, so do they inutheir ignoaucee pity us.
Iorant Catholics, of se, like ignorant
Proestants, sometim pise or hate those
whoadiffer from thepi oa~ iebs which are far
beyond all humnad coin hesion. But the
general feeli'g of our R Catholic brethren
toward us is a tender and- *armdesire that we
should immediately abah4pn our gooumy and
qilrtive religion, and cqc.back to the true
fold, where all is cheerlfine, certainty, and
lov--especiylly tait There is nothing
they pity us no much for .the -doubt and un
certainty in which they. s many of us are
living eoncerning S nitl articles of faith.
A .Catholie cannot doult for the instant he
doubts he ceases to be aCatholic. His church
is "infallible;" hence hiiw. doctrine must be
right. His plest- mnust bthe director of his
soul; he has but to obey direction. Thus a
good Catholic has intele ) al satisfaction and
peace of conscience both ithin his reach ; and
he truly pities those o grope In mental
darlnese, and carry tli rdnof their sins,
without the possibii tete ver being quite sure
they are forgiven. The priest says:-" I absolve
thee;" but it is on eertaiu conditions named,
with which a persor -can -comply, and with
which he can knsow he hbs complied.
There is an impression among Protestants
that the Catholic priests are not believers in
their own creed; but that, being convinced
of the necessity which exists in nntforlned minds
of believing something almnns, aitnd tictitious,
they recognize that necessity, ;:dl have orgln
ized snperstition without sharing it. We some
times hear Protestants parodlying .the ancient
remark concerningtlthe -Roman augurs, and
wondering whether two priests can ever look
one another in the face without laughing. That
there are Catholic statesmen and monarchs who
take this view of the religion they profess is
Sprobable enough.
No candid person call associate nmuch with
the Catholic pri~c - f the United States with
out becoming are of the entireness anl
strength oft ir faith in the doctrines they
teach,-wi nt being convinced of their Adel
ity to t ows they have taken. Why remain
ri f they-ceaas esboalve, tis not the
i false man would choose in this country.
t with theearly masses, the great number
of services, the daily and nightly calls to the
bedside of the dyingt the labor and anxiety of
hearing confessions, te deprivations of domes.
tic enjoyments the plverty (the Archbishop of
NewYk has bn,.f mthomand dollars a year
and his house,) an. what with the social stigma
which in ases co the very name of
Catholic arraes witIt;;-there ase fw voca
tions in which afrema believer would and
--maom r m -s in cuss hypcritewould safer
somuch wemariess asiddbgust. In one siclig
time, two years ama sist priest of a
populous Nw Yor ctkpdi" was 4ummonel
cixty-five-times inaight dye to administer the
commnnion dyig pea s, and forty-live at
these times were a etPwea sunset and sunrise.
The salary of anisistant priest, in these dear
times, is four hundred dollars a year, a room
and a portion of the fees he receives for aUar
riages, baptisms, anl masses for the dead,-the
whole -bein a bare subsistence, averaging
aboutweightL.ndred dollars a year. The pastor
of a church receives six hundred dollpswria year,
a house ands portion of the feejusjt mentioned.
In a few very extensive city parishes the priest
may get a little more money than he really
_ýeds; lbut the great majority receives just
enough for the three necessities,-food, clothes,
and charity.
The manner in which our Roman Catholic
brethren select and train their priests insures
at least sincerity. It is a training which, in
favorable eases, develops every noble trait of
hauanarsture except one,-the sceptical, ques
tion-asking faculty, to which all inmprovement,
all progress, is dne. Some of the sweetest,
purest. and loveliest hunman beings on this
earth are Roman Catholic priests. -I haverhad
the pleasure, once in my life ofconversing with
an absolute gentleman; one in whom al, the
little anities, all the little greedinesses, all the
piltry fss, worry, aflhetation, haste and anx
iety springing from imperfectly disciplined
self lovc,--~e1LiLit been_consumed" and the
whole man was..-kind, serene, urbsne, andT ut
terly sincere. This perfect gentleman was a
Roman Catholic bishop, who had spent thirty
years of his life in the woods near Lake Supe
rior, trying (and failing, as he frankly owned)
to convert .rascally Chippewas into tolerable
hfimnn beings. " I make pretty good Christians
some of them," said he "but men f No: it is
im.sible" But while i so highly rate this ex
quinite human being, I must remember that his
task in life had been far easier than ours. The
two grand difficulties of human life he never
encountered -the difficulty of earning his sub
sistence, and the difficulty of rearing a family.
"Thirteen years of temper in a palace," says
Doctor Marigold, "would try the worst of you ;
bult thiirteen years of temper in acart would try
the best of you." The Catholio priest ought to
be far gentler and sweeter than other mnen,.
since he has neither a cart to drive nor a tem
per to live with. It is also much easier to live
an a grand, lofty, contemplative way, in the
forestl than in New York or Chicago. A Catho
lic priest, indeed, would be much to blamne if
he failed to attain a high degree of serenity,
moral refinement, and paternal dignity.
The training of priests is sovare and long.
They conc to the altar to be ordained, with
faces pallid and wasted by long fasting and
late watching. Years before, when they were
little hlyS in the Sundayv school, they were
noted- for their docility, and their interest in
;all that related to the CBIurch. The plstor
nmarked them, observed them. As soon as they
were old enough, they aspire to servethe prist
at the altar; and this ambition was, at length,
after due trial and preparation, gratified, to the
great delight and pride of parents andrelations.
A Prrtestant cam hardly imagine the joy of
Catholic parents at seeing their son ministering
to the priest at the altar. Besides being a con
spicuous reward for his good behavior, and a
kind of guaranty of his future good conduct, it
is also sonmething done toward his eternal sal
vation. Our IRoman Catholicbrethren, abound
ing in faith an t!hey :~rr, scoffat'the idea of beiiig.
"justified by faith alone," and feel themselves
bound "to work out their salvation." The zeal
ouslad, impelled pti by ti motive, 1iit
chielly by natural veof lfdeyi sid
devoted, soon elogs to t eleot band alt
boys, who glory in aMng at the t
imhes, and in masts p6rftmed at.  t
The parjnr. eavwseswlh h~rs~ts, n sug.
they consent, but mano aifford expeise of
educsting the boy/or the priesthoodwoys 'are
found o sidin g/him through the preiinaresy
studiaes. Thptudiies,--what are they Latin,
Greek, theogj y, and whatever els' *ultivates
the-imsaglnaiiea rd assists faith. With pinched
cshekds ~td aunlgr eyes, and sols on. fire, the
yonn meni kneel to receive ordination, while
anll Catholies who look upon the scene are
ft l with a feeling that wo ld be compasion
it were not triumphant jo0y "' We- believe,"
ays a - convert, who witnessed the ceremony
lately, "there were few dry.eyes,ih .that base
ment chapel when the long ceremony came to
its close, when, the last words of benediction'
had been given to the newly consecrated priests
by the upafted. hands of the bishop; and cold
and selfish must have been the' heart which did
not linger to-send up a fervent petition that
God would give perseverance to thiehe youthful
and self-devoted laborers in his vineyard. Buat
never shall we forget the zeal and eagerness
with which the first mass of each new priest was
attended,'or how the crowd, mens, women, chll-'
dren, pressed forward at its close to receive the
benediction from those innocent and nowpaano
tifled pialms. So precious is this first Idessing
from a newly ordained priest, that old priests
and even bishops come eagerly forward, and
bow their h adss under the. freshly anointed
hands."
Sincere! The sincerest believers in the world
are our Roman Catholic brethren. Faith, like
every other faculty or habit, grows strong by"
exercise. Every time a Catholic attends mass,
he is required to perform the most tremendons
act of faith ever attempted by the human mind
since its creation. Whatever may be weak or
wanting in Catholios, they abound in faith.
Our Roman Catholic brethren are acquiring
so great an estate in the United States, and ao
quiring it so rapidly, that it becomes a matter
of public concern how they get it, what they do
with it, and, especially, what they trill do with
it by and by, when it shall have become the
largest property held in the country by or for
an organzatiioe. Other organizations usually
live from hand to months but, somehow, the
Catholics always contrive to have a littlemoney
ahead, to invest for the future. The Catholic
Church, seven tenths of whose members are ex
empt from the income tax because their income
is under a thousand dollars ayear, is a capitalist
and has the advantage over other organizations
which a man has over his fellows who, besides
earning his livelihoiod, has it thousand dollars
to operate with. 'There are spots in the West
ern country, over which the prairie winds now
sweep without obstruction, that will one day be
the sites of great cities. Our Roman Catholic
brethren mark those spots, and construct maps
upon which, not existing towns alone liare indti
cated, but llrobable towns asib. A professor at
one of our Western colleges saw, two years ago
at'Rome, a better loap of the counltrtl west of
the Mississippi than he ever saw at homne; upon
which the. line of the Pacnific railroad was
traced, and every snout was dlott:e where a
settlement would naturally gaither'. nd a con
jecture recorded as to its prlbthlh llleiiplortatnce.
l'iv;r hundred dollars judiciously iv.'eteil in
certasin localitivs now will huy land which, in
fity years, ou In twenty, may ie wort itlonehean
dredt millions. Thirty-seven years ngo tihe best
thousand of acres of the site of Chicago ecould
lhavebeen bought for a dollar and a qu:arter an
acre; and there is a moan now in Chicago who
dWilta a lot worth twenty thousand dollars
which he bought of tlie governiment imr fifteen
cents amd five eights. Now, there are in the
'Roman Catholic C~hurch men whose business it
is to turn such facts to the "advantage of the
church, and there is also i systematic provision
of money for them to expend far the purpose.
Look atouriwlau heit Shitf ii.'eni
years ao there were but one ortwo small Catho
li churches upon it. It was not until le3I that
there was s·h a pLueonage as a Romanl Catho
lic bishop of New York. Run over-the diocese
now, and what do wefiund! Churches. eighty
eight; chapels attached to institations, twenty
nine; colleges amltheological seminaries, four;
academies and seleet scbools, twenty-threre;
par(clial schools, tireto nearly every ehc.lsrcih:
charitable'tlylumsand hospitals, eleven; religi
ouscommunsities of men,six; of womIen, ten. Rat
this enumeration, as every New Yorker knows,
conveys nlo idea of the facts. Everything wilich
our lRoman Catholie brethren buy or mihild is
bought or built with two oljects in view,-dln
~rtions and growth. Hence moassise structures,
ind plenty of land! Vherever on this islandl,
or on thlle lovely waters ilnear it, you observe a
spot upon which nature and chirumutances have
assemnbled every charm and every advantage
there the foresight and enterprise of this won
derfil organization have placed, or are placing
sosumthing enormous and solid with a cross over
it. The marble cathedral which is to contain
ton thousand persons is going up on the precise
spot on-the Fifth Avenue which will be the
very best for the purpose as long as the city
stands. Yet, when that site was selected, sev
eral years ago, in the rocky wilds beyond-.the
cattlet-markl.et no one would have felt its value
except a Jlohn Jacob Astor or a lomsan Catholic
archbishop. This marvelous church so pos
seeas itself of its members, that Catholic priests
are as wise and acute andl pushing for the
Church as the consummate man of husiness is
for his own estate. Our excellent and zealous
friends, the Paulist Fathers, when they planted
themselves on the Ninth Avenue opposite Wee
hawken, Isought a whole block; and thus, for
less money tlllha one house lot will be worth hin
five yeart, secured room enough for the expan
sion of their community and its operations for
ten centuries! And there is the Convent of the
Sacred Hleart. in the upper part of the island,
the old Lorillard country seat; and tie great
estabhlishment of the Sisters of Charity on the
Hudson, where Edwin Forrest built his toy
-ecastle,-were ever sites better chosen f Mark,
too, the extent of the grounds, thie solidity of
the buildings, andl the forethoughlt inid goI
sense whieh have presided over ll the srrange
ments.
All these things cost -money, though bolught
and built with mnost adnlmirable economy. Fifty
million dollars' worth of landti andti buildings the
Church probably owns in the diocese ot New
York; one half of whiTch, Ierlhals, it acquired
by buying land when land was cheuapl, anid keep
idg it till it has beconie dear. Protestants wll
not fail to note the wisdom of this, and to re
flect upon the weiakness and distrincted inef
fleenti of our lode of doing business. lunt the
question remaain ,Hlow was tnhe other half of
this great estate accunmlated in half a century
by an organization drawing its revenues chiefly
from mechanies, smnll store-keepers, laborers,
and servant girls Why, in the simplest way
possible, andil without laying a heavy burden on
any ont, The glory of the Cathsolic Church, as
we all know. is, that it is the chutrch of the poor;
and inii this fact consists its strength, as well as
its glory.
The iunit of thie Catholic' Clhuchln is tile piarish.
A certain number of parishes constitute the
diocese, andt a certain number of dioceses form
an arlch-tlioce e; but the heginning of every
thing is the iparish. Just as a company of troops
is at once a whole and a part, snmi in itself,
haut imginfiniiug in its organization the whole army
inillnependelt and vet snborulinate, such is a par
ish to the Church Universal It so happene that
a nw eprlsh. is.nowa.lmibldin the city of
!rCh sIil ni d h 1ao.; and I ban
. dsmh._ e ihi ti_ slltae upon a.
€(in fl ene e!inae) a handbA
[Hers hblowse an frie laying out a new
Observe nowthe simplicity and emliendy' of
the system. 8t, 8tephen's pi h, .entaining
a twenty-ive thou d rtho ls., had be
come to' oulous tje adequately served by
one iuharc; sad thereote this lice(a ilelong
i amd quarter of a mile wide, containing,, per
S-haps, ten thousand Catholics) is cut off from it
Sto fornn a new parish. The archbishop looks
Saout among his clergy for pricst fitted by no
tore andeircunmstances too a parish and
- provide for it suitable bnllding The priest o
0 lected feelshimself honored by appintment;
' it is promotion to him it is reward and stimulus.
SHe comes to his newv field munshackled, except
bL y the-general laws and usages of the Chure.
SThe same Church which tries and tests with
t such unrolenling severity the. candidates for
the priesthood trusts her priests with great
reedoim, .great power, great responsibility
while supplying them with the most iowerful
motives to exerrtion She supplies both kinds
of motives, the nohlo iand the comnnonplace.
sThis priest lijin a church to build, schools to
form, a parish toereate. Hle has no wife: the
Church is his spouse. He has no child: the
Church is hi s -hi I! Professional prilde, espro
de corpe, human lanbition, iand ull 'the other
ordinary motives to exertiol, colnspire in thi:i
man with benevolence and reljgioni: since iit
Sfirmly and entirely believes tdhit thle li:ul.ti
,ICatholic Church is the sweetest, holiest tslll
I'thLest thing known to aanu--his best coinsula
tioun here, andhbis surest luhitpiness yonder.
In union there is strength; atli yet when. a
S.tbgisto be done, one maun tmust do it. Our
oiman Catholic brethren contrive to work at
once, with the power of aunlon of two hundred
millions of members, and with the eflicient
force which only an individual enmi wield. This
priest of the unformed parish is as indepelndent
as the captain of a-frigate oni his own quarter
deck, who must ever heep an eye on tihe signals.
of the admiral's ship,. Iut who when the signal
says Gio in, lays his ship aloingside, and arries
on the actionill-its own way, subject only to
the rules of the-service. This priest, too, i. rot
required to waste his force and the hbst of lii"
time in writing brilliant seruouns tbr thle enter
tainment of a cloyed, fastidiouls congregaiiilats.
His is healthier, manlier work. He lhas to la0, itt
times, with contractors, Lnmsons, carp.enters,
architects. He is out of oors a goll deal,
watching the progress of buildings, uponll tihe
erection of which his heart is set, and the comu
iletion of which will gratify- his pride as well.
as his benevolencel, l,de.s entitling himu ton is
sislhrationi elsenhiere. eeinig whaiit a healthll
and liull lift these Catholic lriests lil.t, I .n
lonlger wonder to l ti ti'nil sol roallulic, c'olll lnl. .
cheerful, and lmerry.
Our'priest, as we see iLL the hlu:iluill, hire, at
hall, and begins. 'The enterpri:. is self-sustain
ing from the first day. His t-hree maules oil
Sunday, his daily mass, his vesper services,
his pew rents, his fees, bring in money enough
for all expenses, and a surplus for the church
which is to be erected At every mass there is
a collection. A building committee is formed ;
subscription books are opened; fairs are held.
on seven years, come to lthis new parish, and
you shall see: 1. a large and handsome church;
2. A good parsonage, next door to it; 3. A'fivel
or six story building adjoining for a parochial
school,-with two thousand children in it under
the instruction of the Sisters of Charity and the
1 Christian Brothers. 'this is no exaggeration;
for I am only stating here what has actually
occurred in the next paris,--hat of thelnumac
elate Cohleeption in " as.e .nnrt' h-street.
Seven years ago, when D[. Morrogh was ap
pointed 1astor of this parlsh,there was neither
church, parsonage, nor school. He now has an
excellent church, which 'he is about to enlarge,
a sntfficient parsonage, d an exceedingly spa
cious and handsome school house, wherein, by
the time these lines are read,° he will have
t wenty-five hundred children. It isa true that Dr.
Mrrolgh possesses unusual executive ability;
,itt, on the otheh hand, his church is in the
helart of the tenement-house regions, and he
pr,,ltl,], i.s h not a hundred men in his parish
wii, ,.va'r have a hundred dollars all at once.
Pirobably he can boast--stud a proud boast it is
tior i Christian minister-that nine-tenths of
his tlock are laboring men and domisio ser
vatlts. And it is these poor people, who have
soulced themselves by paying for these. build
ings, which cannothave cost less than two hun
dred thousand dollars. -Nor has it been a heavy
burden to any one but the pastor. "Many a
night I have liin awake," said he, " wondering
where the money was to come from to go on
with." But for the luolple -of the parish it was
easy enough. Are there iot fifteen thousand
of them f If each contribunes tens cents a week,
does it not come to seventy-eight thousand
dollars a year r
Thus, by the nuistimuitted, quiet operation of
the system, all our cities will be covered with
costly Catholic 'structures, which will con
stantly increase in splendor and number. In
some New England villages, and in several New
Englaiid towns, the Catholic Church is already
much the most solid, spacious, and ornate eccle
siastical edifice in the place. It must be so;
for the poor besides being more generous than
the rich, are hundreds of times more numerous,
and their pennies flow in a conitinuuous stream.
Nor do they confine their gifts.to coplper coin.
"An Irish housemanid," says at paragraph just
afloat," has given a stained-ghlass window to
the Catholic Church at Co:ncord, New Humpie
shires" Nothing more credille. Two servant
girls, in this very Ihousa where I aim now writ
ing, educated their brother for the priesthood.-,
keeping; on, yesrafter year, spenlding lnothinig
for their ipersonil gratificaltion.l iterall' inothing,
but suistaining- himji respecltai:l., until onl eue
itatic day they went off in thi-,il-Snday clothes,
their faces radliant'withi joy. s. Iill ordlaineid.
Having necomiplished thise wvoli-k. thelly next
saved thie unum requisite?'C';f: I e,':iul) fdr tlhir
honlorable aldmlission: into L liLmrll'ialiiS '.religiosll
order, iu wlin vih they lon' aries. .isld yet tlhe
self-indlulgeUt parlor litis the insoluiiuec to thillk
itself mlortlly snpllicrilr to thell af-lltlleyilg
kitchen. The Itecortding Ailsgel, if tlhere in sun'il
Ilok-keeler, hll soni oiilthillig to cuter to u:i,
credit oft the kitllclen muclllh ofttenr., lrohally.,
than lie hius to that of the uuililtmenssnllts i,'
it.
[C'oncludel nce·xt we,,'k.I
TIIE l'IAiNCII oI AN US.--'TIn( IuIunii'h of
an ox or cow is niever enitly, eV-'ill if tile
animal has been soime time olt it. fetied. t
There isalways a large mass which rueilal:ins
there, and if it does iinot fill the whole .i.ce, I
the balance will lie tilled with gas and va
per, whicll will escaile when the ruimmen is
punctured. Mr. Colin hi,. found oue hun- t
dred pounds of food in the stbtalici-of ani
mals that have died, even aifter a long dis- I
ease. He found that one hundred and I
fifty pounds in that of a bull that had not i
taken food for twenty-fotur hours, and over
two hundred pounds in that of a cow ean- I
mined under the smue conditions. Of course 1
this mass does not represent thie same s
qunnntitS of dry food, becau'e _then takenl
nto the mouth and stomachl it absorbs three .
or four times its own weight of water.
We commend the following remarks on
gzaipe-- wag, from the Jf'ermrs .Meatfly
.lfgaesne, to the attention of te6eaders of
the MoaxRxo STAR AND CAirOraM MusW-.
f GNX. There is no insuperable bisfle in
the way of makiug much of our-intr-amfars
y space available, both for profit and embel"
lishment. We shall, as occasion offers,
t present such facts and hints as may serve to
inculcate a pure natural taste for this en
1 jo e and innocent pursuit. Intormation
on this point alone may be well worth the
subscription price :
t THn ScTirrnwoxo-Tle Grape of AAmer
ica.-This most wonderful grape was first
brought to notice by Col. James Blont, of
Scuppernong, North Carolina, who fontsd
it growing wild along the banks of the
i Scuppernong river. There are three varie
s ties, white, black, and golden hued. The
,. white is the native, and is the one generally
a known; it makes an amber-colored wine.
e The black ripens after the white is gathered,
alnd makes a darker wine, though there is
no diflerence in the taste of the fruit. It
reanains on the vine until after the frost,
and will sometimes keep till after Christmas.
The white berries are gathered by shaking
the vinui the black kind must be picked.
The gdiden hued yields a wine of the same
color, wahich readily induces intoxiaestion.
' The New York Watchman says: " We have
t delightfql memories of the sweet scents
d borne on the breeze, as we approached
t Southern homes where the scuppernong
, was cultivated. We have never eaten any
t grape in Europe or America which suits our
taste like this, so sweet, so refreshing, so
1 innocent." It is immensely productive,
I surpassing all others in its almost fabulous
yield, a single vine often producing annu
Sally from twenty to fifty bushels of grapes.
One vine in this county is said to have
yielded over fifty bushels thisJastyear.
Dr. Neisler, of Georgia, has one averaging
t thirty-five bushels. There is one at Mobile
I, that produces forty bushels, bringing its
owner over three hundred dollars. Col.
Ross, of Georgia, writes that he has a vine
thirty years old, that yields annually from
tihirty-tive to seventy-five gallons of wine.
' There is one near Somerville, Tenu., pro
durin*; fruit enough for a small family, and
Im nking ia barrel of wine besides. Two
vines are generally considered enough, in
North Carolina, for inc ordinary-sized family.
Mfr. Van Buren estimates that one hundred
vines, planted on three acres of land, will
yield, every year after maturity, five thou
I sand two hundred and fifty gallons, or one
y thousand seven hundred and tifty gallons
per acre. Vines will live for a hundred
1. years, continually increasing in size and
i quantity, If properly treatjd. Other grapes
live but at. few years. The scuppernong
never fails to bear, never mildews; never
r rots, is seldom troubled by frost. There
e are but few fruit trees, of any kind, known
to live half as long as the scuppernong. Its
y native region is a level, dry, sandy, open
Ssoil, tiough it is also found _in abnnisn"" in
in-iiarbir, aidlong hill sides, near the Tar
Neuse, Roanoke, and Cape Fear rivers. It
r will flourish in alluvial bottoms, as well as
sandy plains. Thousands of aseres in the
South could be planted. Indeed it will
grow in this latitude anywhere that cbrn or
cotton will grow, and is ten times as profit
able as either. An acre that will growi
thirty bushels of corn will yield three hun.
dred bushels of scuppernong grapes. It
will not flourish in low, wet, heavy land,
indeed no other grape will; it will, per
haps, come nearer to it than any other. It
Srichly deserves the appellation of "' the
poor man's friend," because it needs no
e pruning nor training, nor placing of vines
along-trellis work; because it never rgil
dews nor rots, and never fails to preenre an
abundant crop. The scuppernong outlives
man himself. It is more profitable than
corn or cotton, wheat or grass, or any other
product of the earth. It is also an excellent.
1 preventive of disease, having been known
in many instances to prevent bloody flux,
I by being ued moderately at meals. One
vine will pay better than ten acres in
cotton, or corn, wheat or grass. Every
man who owns a square rod of land, can, if
he will, procure one vine and have plenty
r of grapes to eat for himself and family, and
r add annually to his wealth from fifty to one
hundred dollars. Try itreeader, and you
will never regret it.
- TiE STRAWBERRY TOMATO.-This tiny
looking tomato is becoming a favorite
among many good housewives for preserves.
Its delicate flavor, and its smooth skin ren
ders it valuable for this purpose.-Maine
F'armer.
TourATOEs.-Much interest will be felt
this year in the tomato question. .1 good
early is of vast importance. The co-maon
large Early Red has not been much ex
celled. Keyes' Early, though it was a mis
take to- introduce it as thirty days earlier
than any other kind, is yet a good early
kind.
PEACHIES IN LOI:II)A.--II the northern
portion of Fl.orida, the peach, and its kin
dred fruit, nectariuns, aprists, and al
niltnls, are mnore at homethan in any other
t.LtL: in the Union. Early peaches, which
e ,lu'rise nearly iall their trees, ripen in
. ::,': in August and September anllgone.
e',ntry Gentleman.
A -iA.RAos.-Asparagns roots are gen
erally planted too thickly to produce fine
shoots; they starve one another. A bed
five feet wide should have three rows, and
the plants set about eighteen 'inched a:lart.
A deep soil in very inllmrtant a.sthe su'r.eu
lent st:'ms require every chance they can
get. for olbtaiiinig muoisture. .About four
inches lel,:tthl the soil in sufficient to )l:lant
thenm.
GERANIUMI CARDI)INAL WIS.EMAN. S- A
'Potteville, l'a., correspondent salys: "I
ltavc received from England, per Mr. B., a
few cuttings of a new geranium namied
SCardinlj Wiseman.' It in represented as
beinng one of the most effective bedders, antd
lhaving the most brilliant colored flowers of
any geranium grown the past season. Fromnt
what I lea'rn it mniust have been pretty well
disseminated, as every place of note had a
bed of it growing."
Ill CAMP' .Thagwe, 
BOOE WLLER AND STATIONgII.
W U ame wrCW as
Wuld respecth*al eall the ateation of Catholics to his
large and apemadd moestk of Cahblie Prayer Books and
Bibles, flom ue. Tet each.
-Als varieasChiaro Boks, sad Works of Devotioen
Jinledind g t" Lives of the Roman Pet"ll " from St
PstertoPins IX the" Imitattoeof Christ," by Thaam s
A'Kemptis Smadlier's Cathelle Directory and Orde,
•t " - --."
Mr. Greashat wqld speeally announce to the beads of
Cathoell eboos-adC-Oeveats that be is prepared .to
ftrniah the'Siol Boots amed and trequied at the lowet
Northern prices, ielaIng the Christin Brethers'
Series, the Metropolitan Readers, Kearney's Series of
School Books, and all kinds of Stationery. mhli5 ln
T FITZWILLIAM i Co.,
FOREIGN AND DOESTIC STATIONEIRY.
BLANK BOOKS,
No. 76 CAMP STREET, NEW ORLEANS.
Blank Boeoks of every ise and style made to order, and
Books neatly bound.
Job Prnlting, euch as Cards, Bill Heads, Letter Head.
Cireulae, Bill of Lading, etc., neatly and promptly erM
ented at the lowet market rates.
WE HAVE OUR OWN PRINTING OFFICE AND
BINDERY.
Orders. repectfully solicited and caref y attended to
fee 3m -
p. F. GOGARTY
CATHOLIC BOOKSELLER AND STATIONER,
151 Camp street, opposialte St. Patrick's Church,
Has a general stock of SCHOOL BOOKS, especially
those usneed in Cathelie Schools and Colleges. Bibles,
Prayer Books, Standard an Miscellaneous Works, ap.
proved by the highestCathello anthorities. All the latest
Catholie Publication. Beads, Medal, Crucifixes, and rell.
gionu Pictures. General =gent for all Catholio Newapa.
per and Magazines. Base Balls, Bats, Bases, and Score
Books. felS am
J. 3. U-L.L . . .. DIC... .
TýRULL dcI ~ -r---- - - -
RE A IIOL T Ia AxD rTrAlL
BOOKSgLLERS AND STATIONERS.
106 Canal Street, New Orleans, La.
Law, Medical, Miscellaneous. Scl1ol, and Juvenile
Books. t9I0 3m
EDTUCATIONAL AGENCY.
CHARLES D. ELDER,
No. 140 Poydras str,et, Noew Orleana,
Being Spiecial Agent for masny Colleges, Conv,nts, and
Academieas in Southern and Western States, offers
(gratis) facilites to parent and guardians who wish to
select schools for their children and wards.
Catholic Institutions may have their collections and
any other interests faithfully served, by placing them
promptly in charge of this Agency.
Addrses: Box 1034, Postod®e, New Orleans. La.
mh8 em
HARDWARE, CUTLERY, AND STOVES.
J. IL ATrrKXN C. L. AITEENS.
SS. AITKENS & SON,
. neronias AND DEAuZ IN
HARDWARE AND CUTLERY.
--or-Mahebin·tr slBalders admHekeepe,
l36 Tehoupiteulas, Noa.  10, and V Delord street,
mhl 3m New Orlesa.
CHARTER OAK COOKING STOVE I
THE BEST IN USE.
GOLD MIDAL AWA rmD TI roa AT LOUIsIANA STATn'
PAIO or 1866.
Prize Bres haked In . CIHARTER OAK at both Start
Fair--=06 and 18t8.
RICE BROS. & CO.,
Agents for the State.
8t and 91 Camp and 516 Magazine street.
CHARTER OAK WAREHOUSE,
fele 3m 07 and 99 Julia street.
PHILIP MaCABE, COPPER, TIN AND SHEETr
Iron Worker anddealer in Stoves and Grates, No.
le6 Camp street, New Orleans.
IRoofing GOttering, and all kinds of Jobbing done with.
dispatch.
An amortment o1 Tin Ware always on hanl, nnd made
to order. 1l;i16 3m
EDWARD O'IOUILKI. MATTUIW MEAOiZlEIL
O)ROURKE d MEAGHER,
STEAM BOILER MANUIFAC EtS
-AND- -.
BLACKS THS,
Nor. 183 and 185 P~l , and 13 New Levee streets,
betwee Joseph and Julia streets.
Low Pressus, Locomotive Pined and Cylinder Boil.
es, Claritler, rlilters and Juale Boxes made at the short.
eat notice.
Will make aontrdatafor Boilert, and all necemary con.
neOtloos, such a. Fire PrMtE, Grate Ban. Steam and
Stand Pipe. V-alves, etc. Chimneys and Breeching. 4l
'of which wil he furLamheat-te. lowest foundry prices.
All work done at this establiehment will he guarua.
een d eqn in point of workmanship and material to san
in the city or elsewhere.
Plan ter and Merchante are respectfully Iavited tl
call and examine our work and prices. mnlP i ly
GASFITTERS AND PLUMBERS.
D. McKENDRICIC,
HOUSE AND SHIP PLUMIIETR. GAS FITT.EI,'Erc.
464............ MAGAZINE STREET........-.
Between Race and Robin,
From twenty yearM' prctic.r experience in tile l,uinss.
can warrant all work entreated to him. N. Par. SLTll
be spared to merit the confdene of hi na ..:Ls. i~, haa
ing -U orders promptly executed with the bh.*e" materials
anti iatest improvements, on the most moderate trnna.
DWELLINGS, OFFICES, STOIES. etc.,
Fitted up with Water anlti Gas Pipe.
liOT, COLI), PLUNGE,
AntI Shower Bathing Apparatus. -
WATER CLOSETS,
WYA.IItHSTANDS,
SHEET LEAI). IICDETST
ZINC, .. FAUCETS
COPPER, and
GALVANIZED IRON.
(;AS FIXTURES, CHANDELIEIS, etc.,
AND Tilt
('II.I.IENtiE COOKING R.KN;Er..
sisld 1 Per hl,,t water pipe1 atts'lh,,,entn,
.OII a'IiNTyiL. . II. AI'I'LE.ATE.
_1cI."r:E &t AIU'LEC.ALE,
P I1 UMIE R It,
Ikeahrn ii, ('seking Ranges and ]04, 1.1.,. IIsat T,,l,s.
\Water lnitt.,4ts, ItuaLs Stlnds, Kit*'ie*.ii Sseke, Lilt
ano Frn'-t l',Imls. Ale Prnum, Sisest andi Lad Piipe,
lhr.M and l'latled Coks of all pattern..
140...............IOYDILAS STREET ..........1...41
NEW ORLEANS,
"N. ii--.ag.·n is ur Couwii'lie, |aw di Willards rPatent
Tlin Li nsls ]lile*.

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