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MORNING STAR AND CATHOLIC XESSENOER.
ruDLsID WEP.KLY BY GraaeUr rtroeet. e .e O umpa Mcrazam d rr. O _ The Directors of tbe.Compaey are: The Most Rev. Archlbishop J. M. Oem. President. Very Rev. N. J. Paitmcui. V. G., Vice toresident. Rev. (CORNELIUS Mo rNeln.a . Rev. J. J" Y ,ssr. Rev. JE33IA5H 5MOSuLuAN; MLr. Heats 1ICCCOsKEY; MUr. JoHNs [CCIAFFREY. Treasurer; Mr. T. FIIzWU.LLA5, Secretaryj. All communications are to be addressed to the "e - tor of ThI MIonrng Star and Cathlolic Mfesasenger. Terms of subscription, Four Doillars per aum. Single copies Ten Cents. - Ad.lvertaemant. inertedat theTote %ea1 00 per qunare, eightlttes, solid Nonpareil, constituting aasqsre. Transient advertisements, havingotherun or the paper, first insertion., 1 00 per square; each Subsequent inser tbn, 50 eents per square. Atdvertisements inserted at interals, to be charged as Oew each insertion. Advertise,mets for a month or over will be inserted at a ft.id discount, to be ascertained from the Agents and at the office. All business notices of advertisements to be charged 2 cents net per line, each insertion. NEW ORLEANS. SUNDAY. JAN'UARY 3. S1i9. CALENDAR OF THE WEEK. Sunday..... Jan. 3-Octave of the Feast of St. John. onday.....Jan. 4-Octave of the tHoly Innocents. Tueesday .... Jan. .-St Simeon, Stylite. Wedneaday.Jan. t-Solemnity of tie Epiphany. Thursday...Jan; 7--Return of the Infant Jesus from Ete pt. riday ...J.an. 8-St ucien. Priest and Martyr. Satorday ....Jan. a9-t. Marcienne, Virgin and Martyr. ~0OTICE TO THE STOCIKHOLDERS OF THE hNEV ORLEANS CATHOLIC I'UBLICATION COX. PANY. NEW OaaAXAS. Oet ZW1B65. The-second-instalment to the subeription is now doe. dll who have not as yet paid up, will please call at the .er of the MoRasio STits. ad settle. By order of the Board of Directors. o18 tf T. FITZWILLIAM, Secretary. At a meeting of the stockholders ofnthe New Orleans Catholic Publication Company, held Tuesday evening, the 29th ultimo, aletter ,from the Most Rev. Archbishop of New Orleans was read, appointing the Rev. J. Moynihan, Rector of St. John the Baptist; Rev. Thos. J. Kenny, Rector of St. Theresa, and Rev. C. Moynihan, Rector of St. Peter and Paul, clerical directors for the ensuing sear; and the stockholders were so well satisfied with the report made by the lay directors for the last year, that £hey were unanimously re-elected, and one hundred shares of addtttonal-stock thken by the stockholders present, on condition that they would continue ot i the Board. The meeting adjourned until the vith of February, the anniversary of the establish ment of the MORIueG STAR, when all the friends of Catholic literature would be in vited to attend. In the mean time it was decided by the stockholders to increase the additional stock to the number of two hun dred and fifty shares, the amount to be placed at the disposal of the directors, to make contemplated improvements on the paper. The complete Board, as at present consti tuted, will be found at' the head of the paper. We were truly gratified to receive a visit from the Very Rev. Father Hayden on Thursday Ojst. His numerous friend will be pleased to know that he is in the enjoyment of robust health. His arrival in this community will be greeted with a joy which no external demon thration could adequately portray. In an nouncing the lev. father's arrival among us, we feel that no ordinary degree of constraint is required to supprcss what, however natural to u:,, oulsl wound that noble ilodesty which is ever averse to public prominence or noto riety. Wet will content ourselves w"ithflle oope that Fatther Iaydc n's will bhe as agreeable to himself as iee- sore it will en bince the h o his old friends at this joyous isan. TUi EPIrIlttNY.-The Epiphany, lwhich falls on Wednesday next, is not a festival of obligation in this diocese; ncverthcless Catholics should remember that it is one of the most solemn festivals of the Church. Formerly it was observed in the same nian ncr as Christmas, for it 1 was the Christmasl Hof the Gentiles, as on this day Jesus Christ was manifested to the Gentiles in the per sons of the Magi. ECCLESIASTICAL CONFEIRENCE.-ThiO Ec elesiastical Conference for the month of January will take place on Thursday next, 7th inst., at 10 ov'lock A. rt., at the Arch bishlopric. What a p'ity Modclv dlid isit. lyc. whllen 1cr tons pot eis tisat tnfolai h silt e e is)irt of ceRatls. If ice htIl. av istluslcs ite lifei ighst ha' iccalnll Sl. LadiaII|IUltF lrciir is ,lleI Tkigill" refoIs-u- wr, wcIaIiorr if" the -ttlly of .Ud rsd.r nIde -\l·Isstlna clld Ieccthn.l city IIIchy eas rooilys . an crrsaeda tle serlse cuta whtsn an ti f Hlratl~s I 1 Ii'sss .2 ofIi r Iiti'( eld f h uittls koiuei have e pie a un id ,n hai m in itlmrg '. a its , histsiy iortntao sir o frutesst . ityI 'ca Iwll t itt ll a, t thcsas siration Sit , auci hersvelf Sec hill ti\a itrtias-ilect t. fly souse ussnsnuontlln~t~lh, oiiverscighst, we oslsittesl For esiossl tilmic- Isl'tti- it Iti,!c ta:it.-; ichsc'- s. Ic iic'l.tm tioe re mn val of Jcellsn Itcslstciisll clclil c ti , is lcTsltlullpccsis strl,-ct . ru makili lht'.i' Cctiiiii .a w. (i'C· ghlilll lit lii- cci icc.i ' duty it Iul'srcl lhtc-s tis iciltl iill'n iiil tic Iirt,'c atissik limcics tins tic." Is-semi. Tlice talis' ccl St .Ii. lcl.l't fair. wc, - -- __ . _ -- ilh'\', tici, Magaziite street, lir,- thi rcilutn_= tisll cii cX.cliltisig jiotegrsphlC Imictores if gr·l-ls i-Xelml-. ionie. Iliii gdlhery is ve-ry gsoeraiily rcsul-tclt ti bcy thle tisaty ansI s-lhed. See aslvertisesisent. it. 11over, Slater, :ti; l)ryades street, rdl-airs leaky rcs. and warrant. all work eaccutedt by hint. Boo advertisement. D inrley, 17'2 Poyclraa street, keeps con istasily son isaedI a laqi i s,rtmclst osfdno hats, of the latest style-as well as silk and oaseime hats. see ad vertiament. - - City Money. The great local -enigma ofibnance, for the past year, has been what to do with city money, so-called. Unfortunately, it has been not merely a theoretical problem, but one of immediate practical importance. Municipal operationsoccupy a prominent position in the business economy of the community. They are on so extensive a scale, and ixtend to so many different par ties, that if there is any stoppage in their machinery, the whole financial status of business is deranged. The disbursement of three millions of dollars annually to em ployes, contractors, and bond-holders, throws on the market- a very appreciable element of exchange and commerce, while the withholding of that-amount from cred itors embarrasses them in their engage ments as debtors. The determination of tax-payers to pay into the treasury -nothing but city money, Ought, properly speaking, --to -have put a stop to the machinery of municipal govern ment. The city could not, of course, be expected to pay anything whatever from an empty treasury, and its treasury was virtu ally empty with nothing in it but city bills. Such bills were not a legal tender to cred itors, nor money in any sense. An unfortunate decision of the Third Dis trict Court sustained tax-payers in their position, and forced the city to suspend payments. It is true that the city managed to pay off some of its current obligations in this depreciated paper, where its creditors were so poor and hard-pressed, that they were obliged to accept sixty cents on the dollar rather than starve. Bnt this was not a genuine payment. It was a niggardly compromise with debt, of which an honest man ought to be ashamed, much less a great and wealthy corporation like New Orleans. There was nothing saved by the, little job after all, for of course the discount of which these poor women and laborers were thus swindled will, some day, be reimbursed to them. In the mean time, the virtual effect of the above-mentioned judgment of the Third District Court was, with the equivocal ex ception just mentioned, to cause a suspen sion of payments by the city. Such a deci sion was the more astounding,as the Su preme Court had distinctly and repeatedly decided that no indebtedness of The citji should ever be permitted to arrest the wheels of municipal government, that is the receipt of its taxes. To pay taxes with ob ligations, is not to pay them in the curren cy with which the law contemplates their being paid, and therefore interrupts that kind of a receipt of taxes which was intend ed for the purpose of meeting current ex penses. After this paralyzing blow, there being no provisions of law for getting such a decision revised by the Supreme Court in less one or two years, the City Coun ow in place, appealed to the Lehti nre for relief. They asked to be p itted to reject every evidence of de as a payment of taxes, and, not to _epudiate such debts, but to have i for their payment with interest. They asked to have taxes paid in legal currency which would be a legal tender, and to be authorized to legalize the unauthorized issue called city money byreplacing it with bonds. The State Legislature sat one hundred and twenty days, and adjourned without passing so simple a measure of relief. We will do the colored gentlemen the justice to say, however, that many persons believe them to have been willing to adopt such a measure, and accuse certain of their white l)emocrat ic fellow-citizens with having per sistently marred the pro.jecet. Various motives were assigned to this movement. One was that blrokers were in terested in keeping city money on the mar ket as. another item in the.ir list of opera tions. Another explnation was that cer tain large holders of real estate were desi rous of continuing to pay their taxes in de preciated currency which lly cly l buy very low, and tlhulls:sve an h1OI(est pn'lllay out of their taxes. A third runter was that. tlhare was a powerftl " City MIontey Ring" whichl was engineering the " five million " bill or sonme othleringenious jol, through tlhe Ie gislature, whereby they would make a nieat thing of it. At any rate, the Legislature made an ig:. nominious failure on the project; the lower court has sC-leilIke tie fjuntain of revenue while the Supreme Court may not reach tihe question this term ; the proposition made to the people to issue bonds for the redemp tion of the city bills has been rejectedtby tlhem, owing probably to defects in the details of the measure, and the Real Estate Association advises another siege at the Legislative gates of clemency. Will the Real Estate Association see that no "Ring" comes between the Legislature and relief this time I In the mean time something real has been done. The city has finally acted with the dignity which might have been better dis played sooiier, ahd refuses to receive any more of its debts as money. Thb Southern Bank has accepted theflascal .agedy, and displayed its good intentions in the adver tisement to lie found in our columns this morning, providing for the payment of cou pons, and which is probably the cause of the marked improvement in city bonds and Totes. When city finaticiers have allied thetiislves Wt-iii~kic skillful advisers as the Southern Bank will furnish, it is no wonder that confidence revives. We understand that it is seriously ad vised by some of our most prudent citizens that the city should not wait for the dilly dallying uincertainties of the Legislature, but cut the gordion knot of finance by sell ing the Water Works at an offer that has been made, of 83,000,000 city money. This would leave but half a million on the mar ket, not enough to be any longer an element of derangement. The plan cert9iily-merits examinatioq. - Hibernian Mutual Benevolent Association. This Society is not affiliated with the one recently noticed in this paper, the name of which is so similar as to produce the im pression that the two are identical. The one to which we refer at present is an insti tution of the Third District, and distin guished from the other by beirg less gen eral in its objects. -The-Hibernian Mutual Association has no other object in view than the welfiare of its members and their families: It is some what of the nature of a mutual insurance company, and is the practical expression, in a special form, of the principle which un derlies all society-mutual advantage. The form which that principle here assumes will certainly be most beneficial, if faithfully persevered in, and that such will be the case we have every guaranty in the names which grace the various offices of the Asso ciation. We are informed that the list of officers is as follows: Wm. J. Kelly, President; Ed. Cochran and Ed. Sweeney,-Vice Presi dents; Michael McMauigle, Treasurer; P. Bradley, Financial Secretary, and Robert Bartley, Recording Secretary. With citi zens-of such energy and spirit pt the head of the movement, there can be no intention of letting it subside. Ir is pleasant to see such organizations multiplyjtig, because it indicates a growing spirit of harmony, prudence and fore thought. A mutual understanding is aleays encouraged by well-ordered association, lawless tendencies are checked by every - ditional submission to rules, and t aste fill habits of our population modified by any rational system oinvesting surplus moneys. It is ce ly an improvement to reserve fro penditures which would be useless, and might be harmful, a certain portion as contribution to a fund which will bring comfort and hope to the families of unfor tunate friends. Even though some of the members might 'never lhave occasion to draw from that fund, the very loss of their contributions would be the best proof of their good fortune. The members of the " Iibernian Mutual" will observe, in another column, the notice ofa monthly meeting on next Thursday, the 7th inst. The Duntch' Jansenixfs and the Comn!l 'Council. !The tCourricr de la 3c.ule anrod .Johurnal of Lion bTionurf intlortt their readers that the adherents of Jansenisnti in ... ct o tx thousand, but thait they have an archbishoip iiand two lishops and twenty-live parishes. The name of Janseist is disowned by them, ainr they call themselves " O01 Rolman Cat holies,'' or "Members of the Episcopal C(urch." A letter-to the journal callhd the, "Tyd,'" by a lay lnemhcer of this sect, declares that thleir chiert will lie present,.or represeinttd, at the E:ulllclli cal Council, where they hoe their creedl will Ihe fitirly judged, and that they are prclparedi to abidtle by the decision of the Council, ti, which they have hitherto always appealed sitncl .t.hlh cotldemltioi l of the look ' of .Jansenius :tlLfL the supporters of the live proplositi ls. \We are ini-lined to thilttheir appelal tot lie "fuiture council" will be declared inndmissible iis lotg its thty hIol to the l sia rl'd ildea that .o de.li.it.. seiltieice can be relltlt'rel i ill iliestiloils ol tlith, Illl;rals or disicilplilie wheill it is not in sesslioi. diln rleaves ' is thulrch withotlt a sulprelile inltlhjliblh trilinLal for the judlgintc L oft coilltro rite, a:lnd fitvoat'liltl k willing't a1s a *lkill'ul oi 'lllt)ai Ills resilleu cc in Ij Calliolle etriet. Set advii Lt cii n t. hi' i~termsu J uremodlclatc. .rt i. rdC'l , SiurIIIci-:tx MANUI*vl.(( IiY.-- will 1lii sut-il liv ;ii advir-irtis.tenl llt ill :llol lher i(..olllll Ilihat Mr. IIIohi SN'orwltw I has I'I' lnldllt o 1-( ('an tret. helur I.tihs. 3eti hclen and thild .in ,e rm are pronply at. Ihenry La:urcic, II . S., 176 ('anal street, i iniiteri nitrous orxl- i . iet his catdai .ltiwhre. By reference t itur columns, it will lie seen that the respect residrnt of theouthir Ihank givis notlie that the i i tllH roiii of the hNew itlcns six per cent. Coniii t i.` wil l ic ,l,, presentation the Chemical ttotiuual haul, iii the city of New Yor PR s' WAREIOUSE.- Mr George HII. Vin ten'a rt ent elsewhere nrm city ·nd country a1 thathe ha renorei tol tfoydraa street, where SI all order I his line with promptnees and at I market rates. The -Ladies'aIr. We had the happlae.a;ot visiting the Fair held in the St. Joseph's HallU, aid of the new church, several evenings last week, and every evening'.th additional pleasure. On Wednesday evening the ladies and visit ors were agreeably surprised by the unex pected entrance of the Very Rev. John Hayden, lately theii beloved pastor, and now the venerated Superior of the Congre gation of the Priest of the Mission for the United States. Every visit to the tables brings out some new feature worthy of attention and admi ration. Mrs. Lynch, who is ably assisted by Miss Hughes, Miss Carlan, Miss Lizzie Markey and Miss Gardner, displays, among other attractions, an album quilt of sixteen blocks, each block finished i by a different lady, a present from the lady makers, re sing in Algiers. Mrs. Swarbrick and Mrs. McCaffery, as sisted by Misses Gibbons, Walsh, Gillon and numerous other young ladies, display their usual zeal in the good cadse. In fact, if anything, it seemed last night to be in creased. Mrs. Ford, Mrs. Magner and Mrs. Egan, assisted by an efficient staff, at the head of which-is Miss Egani, seem, from the way in which they were patronized last night, after the gas was lowered by Jim, to be doing a cheerful business. Mrs. Power and Mrs. Slemmer have a lottery of a rich vestment, to be awarded to the priest getting the largest vote. They have also a large oil painting of the Holy Family, which is really a great (work for an amateur. They are very efficiently as sisted by Mrs. Stewart, Mrs. Fletcher, Miss Byrne, Miss Lynes, and several young la dies whose names we did not learn, though they succeeded in getting ours. Mrs. McManus presides very gracefully at a lemonade table. We advise teetotalers to patronize her. The restaurant, under Mrs. Sadler and Mrs. Nolan, seems to be doing a large busi ness; their charges are so low that few visit the fair without patropizing them. Over the restaurant table habngs a harp, in green and gold, with the motto, " Cead Mille Faile." Mrs. Gleeson has a fine tae set of-ehida, at fifty cents a chance, which w recom mend to all bachelors who c mplate set ting up housekeeping. sere is also ex hibited here a b tiful model of a steam frigate, in ich we took a chance; also the c ' of Bethlehem, under the charge of s. McLaughlan. The postoffice has become a prominent feature of the fair,-under the efficient man agement of Miss Loftys, assisted by the Misses Flynn, Ogilvie, and Rion. We be lieve-ifUncle Sam had such postmiss tresses, we would hear very few complaints about the irregularity of the mails. The Stonewall Rest, under the able and cheerful administration of Mrs. Ross, who is-Sam Weller to the contrary not with standing - a delightful and captivating hostess, has had a new and interesting feat ure added-it is a beautiful and brilliant arrangement of gas jets in the form of a crescent and star over the refreshment table, projected and put up by Mr. Alf. Rlichtor, one of the able engineers of the Gas Works. The fancy table, under Mrs. McCabe admirable care, assisted by Mrs. J es Mohan, Mrs. McCormack, Miss Gra and Miss McGarry, has several attiac ve fea tures, particularly for those shing to make small investments in - luable and useful articles. There is o e of the best sewing machines, and a lair cooking stove, besides any number o chances in fancy articles. Mrs. McFarlane, rs. HI. J. Berkery and Mrs. T. O'Neill, j ., assisted by Miss Mur phy, Miss Roo y, Miss O'Neill, and a host crs, a Tisifter the affairs of two tables, ami lave several beautiful and use ful artic s. We took a chance in a silk quilt d a beautiful Ibride. M -. Browning, Mrs. Cull and Mrs. lien d~c erry preside over two tables, with a ist of young l.1 assistanmts, whose names we failed to retain. We took a chance in a slilcndid clock. Mrs. DI)reniien is devoting herself mostly to the supply of toys for the young folks. In fiact, there is n z1ie-feature about this fair. In front of each fancy table is a wheel of fortune, loaded with toys, at one dime a chance. We tried our luck at every one of them, and came away laden with toys, each of'which was worth snore than thie price of a chance. Monday and Tuesday evenings will be the most interesting of the fair nights, as we learn that the raftles will take place on Monday, and the :auctions for all articles left on the tables on Tuesday evening. We wish the good l deTwho hkav con tributed so much to our enjoyment and pleasure every happiness. We expect the sanctum of the STaa will be a perfect museum stterwe receive all the prizes we expect. Wewantparticularly that tay pot that has been so fully guaranteed to us as being neither cracked nor split, notwith standing the reports, of some malieious young lady rivals to-the contrary. . Apprentlces. One of the improvements most needed in our Stat legislation at present is. a good apprentice. law. An enlightened policy which aims at the development of social resources,- nd- him---h nity~which interests itself in the welfare of every class of the community, alike demand a reform of our statute book on this sabject. The skilled artisans of the world have all been apprentices. The cunning hrtificers in cutlery and jewelry, in gold and silvey, in carving and moulding, in all those arts and products which give celebrity to Geneva and Damascus, to Paris and Brussels, have all been taught in the school of apprentice ship and received from .masters the tradi tional mysteries of their craft. It is almost impossible to form thorough workmen otherwise. No ~master will take the trouble to instruct a boy in the rudi ments of an art, unless he has a guarantee of profiting by his trouble when that in struction shall haye borne the fait of skill. There are, too,.about many of the arts cer tain jealously guarded secrets, which adepts do not care to-impart except- where their own. interest requires that subordinates should- be able to apply them. If New Orleans is ever to pass from the status of a frontier trading post, and become the home of skill and industry-the radiating focus of a refined civilization-it must domesticate the arts and sciences. It. must provide for a generation of competent mechanics and artisans, formed at home by a wise system of apprenticeship. As a question of humanity, how much better to have homeless or unruly boys bound to good masters, who will rear them to respectability and industry, than to hud dle them together in a - municipal house of refuge. It is evident that one man could control and tame one or two restless vagrants, domesticated with his family and constantly under his eye, better than he could one or two hundred of them kept on the footing of criminals and prisoners. This system recommends itself equally on the score of economy. - It would cost the city nothing for its youthful delinquents and vagrants, while the Boys' House of Re fuge requres an annual appropriation of about $20,000. It may be said that few persons would found -to accept the charge of such oys, even with the authority given by th strict estý system of apprenticeship. . is could hardly be the case if such co racts could be made as to confer on th naster vested rights which it would be yond the power of subsequent legislatio to tamper with. \Ve scarcely doub that arrangements could be made by a city with some of its charitable associt ions-such as that of-St. Vincent of P l--by which all these boys could be co fortably and honorably pro vided for an "xpense far less than that now in rred. With proper Atability and prote ion, such institutions might soon be cotl self-supporting. Ve have all witnessed with surprise and ileasure the gratifying success of the "Boys' Home," instituted by the Society of St. Vincent of Paul. If the city would furnish the necessary buildings and appli ances, with a temporary subsidy for abso lute necessities, very probably that society would, with a proper law of apprentice ship, be willing to expand its operations, so as to give a real " Home" to all those youthful unfortunates who have now , barred and bolted " Refuge." "Let all such boys be apprenticed to the President of the society and his successors, and the necessary authority would be guar anteed. They could then not only be edu cated to an appropriate extent, but be made to learn a great variety of useful trades and occupations, with the assured prospect of so controlling thbir labor after its being made skilful, as to render it a source of large and certain profit. Any such profit could be made a fund for distribution among the gralduating class of each year, accordiug to grade of merit. By such a system all the nobler motives of energy and morality would receive a happy impulse, and the institution would send forth its children the recipients of honors and distinctions. It is easy to believe, from what we have already seen of the HIomi--even with its present frail tenure of authority over its inmates--that this is no fancy picture, and that our vagrant boys could, and with less expense than at present, be so provided for as to be ushered into active life, staunch and useful members of society, looking back to their boyhoods' home as a source of credit and pride in stead of . ott; ,a of BiW-. We call attention to Mr. Elie's advertisement, in another place, offering piano. and namacal meroan dine on very advantageous rate,