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.6' T·rJ ~*r ' 4 ýi uuR r., ý- ý ayert ý l ý_ e. Sdt ud ai'p lreat bigrau Fr sdw. mý d J . ^IarH' t l~r~heear d.iic o Gway Kost -bidalop Nt J. Pam s,. . ".ý ý11Ya. J. ý(IYaL~TC- ~ ·~ ,. ·-· m a~nit~lr~iAP. ., . I « inkpl 7IT~ I ·r~~,~~·e ,,6i· P 4, ; ; r _ý» _' ý-"' ' . trltid aý . `p t _ __ y n ee and·- We OfiqEufi' ofNr~~wa A T LW AUORLEANS O, H T AT BRN GLAD TI DINGS OF GOOD THINGSI1" -ga..y@ au N L SUNDAY CRIUBNd MAY t2e6, 187, . - - * Z ' e. wtý,~oh~i iUaben w .....-... r . -_ ý- ----- - -"- _ ---- _. " . _e 11 hetdei raeynhtAi e-Pºei ...........sT 1 e68OGt1 R nnl1n .,t ý__v e ..-- --- "-- - - ,7i " iszrilt~~i~* .0 1 *l?*_. ý~eý'11aLQ. 1'Ofe *e $sor. ' p'!s`iti of the F L't of this * gsert tispeession haere The most "s pg passages were those tbh. refas . the· various countries i The )a altlady given the speech a ie eommentarlies . hi. Veulllt t$ the reproof b as a good slc, submit te sdately, as he has done on former e It wenlh have been better-t histiis mpbling .adversaries had imitated his exAmple. The Austrian Catholice who were present at the reception wle anxious to spe their efforts in favor of Catholio oh >}~ gnd, speaking this sub y Father .drew 6!sttnction NImn eildteAaez&tpakta 6O ithe Empire. The word tolti made use of when referring tO the "Old.Catholces," was translated by the Aggence Haves, sote, whereas the-correct aealong is foolish tn the sertptaral sense, aid this is what tb6a' oly Father intended ta-convey. The violent Isagnase of the semi-odicial Gerpen paper, Norddeutsche fInsein emtsuuag, which oceesesthe'Pope of I ea conernang (3rma* affairs, needs an oafutation; for although the Holy ame may aot know etvman, yet there are in the Vitimen who do, ad are gaqI.e *pabl- of ivilng-trae iforma. tion $tIlSLtt paesses in Qermany. A VDkZnC or THE 2a18 APRIL. On Snaday laet the Holy Father received the peribesh of t.Lorenso in I4ucina and Sta. MI'Mir Aqulre, bambering about 400 people. his diecourse tarned upon the gospel of the ,,s s rerred to the t and of thk.oman people to i whi*, t.s, bad merited the sdmitt Os.aCtt whole world, and that foreige.. of -dtinetion had frequently mentioned tilier Dafty .tame lest seek the Archnkseehan, brother of the.maad Duke of tFheaey, -the Prinees of Hohen zollerp and the Priacets.of a ohenlobe, w iere -d t- .P Darlog the winter l -have visited ýaeatse M alo daw ob tainaed a*eiee ot Bhrtfh H r, whb has received them with lisi accustomed kiad ees. h· b'riabadda. Thisa-P -Per. Haelade ie Lsa eished a coorsj tadi(b3'otI~lbstare eiathe doetriohof lb.1iensmtleat f he-sasets, *odi9p tW the Blessed Seerament, whtob pails paganism, the celibacy of the e They wre a, Leble echo of tares laManich, with -tbhi at e ever, that the latter were delivered to "i beral Cthetfe " and the former to Petestants, Jews, and Free ttLhigssýý Eea. hisl own friends consider -he.Mi aMiA.).tUJ Prom the pulpit of Netad aaten lirltlse rebair and a table on ot gea oftp all theatre in Home, Is a Ai rý hich fkw men have lowered themselves. 9% ~dboinfATo( or ,nrliors. sspr waeStweek a .Coasietery -w u ,, 4.wlj haic a few.I.liaun and thre hisbepa WWu u iamed. The -lalt ase e..coreica, . Osan and ,Gaedo Almar saar oesnas uore's RLeCrtoX. Thd *lIoes IwtaltiiI''dcieties t'already proposing schemes and making prepara :ions for the eselebration of the 1Gth of Jae,'on wMles day the Holy Father was seeted8 Pope.- TBle event wlli each year be Ahrked '4. ke l prayers hd rejuic in a bY tM~c hotworlds w Eseh country w1} be 1dvl " jp n ;n i orr'atin' It own way Its dde of htfrioiiing" fins 1X. TUE MCRDER OF TUE GENDARME. The baroaras. murder of the Pontideal gcndaime baa caused a great seesation everywhera sead the rsvltaslosary press of Europe have whited lngiving a false so pout of the. cironsmtances. 'he great object 2ase.ben to prove that pedvoc was gioen, slthough all admit tha gendarme. were not arqedam the versarie were. Is likelp ste fe armed men rould osely pro * armedi sid~j;;tia j'eag ýraa -who had several times been chgd witlle theft deliberately shot his ,p was a barber ad'a man welt ahewnm dsepeoted in Rome. The nine ltbrelra native of the *brth of Italy. ' ' ~tc woEKNaI's- cooaEss. Last Sunday there .was a large meeting of the various tradee' unions of Italy, from which a large portion separated itself on the gsoad of its not being sufficiently democratic. The dissidents held a meet ing, and drew up aprdtest against the acts eof teir former colleagues. NTA C gCa AND THE CATPOOMB. R'ol only Smnto Croce, bet likcslee the Oati eombes a threatened with expropria ttea bytbe Italian Government. A Com msatson has lately been appointed to ex amine nloipthe state of the latter; but, as it is likely that they cannot be turned to any account, the commission may, it is hoped, decide that they are to remain in the hands of tbeir present possessors. The fate of the venerable sanctuary of Santa Croce is unknown, and there are mahy ru more afloat as to its ultimate destiny. DEPARTURES. Mr. Jarvoise, who acts as the official agent from our Government to the Holy See, has leave of absence for two months, and left home last Monday. During the last week thr noumber of fbreijn wistos has very seesibly dilaimished an in a short timetlh-greet hetels will be deserted - London Tablet. The Chareh and the Press. The following item of news is clipped from a recent number of a leading New York publication: The proposltlon is under discnesion to estab lish in this city a new anti-Catholic paper, partly devoted to opposing the religious tenets of the Romanists, but stilt more their supposed attempts to secure political control in the country. It will empport the ultra-Protestant position of the Bible in the public schools, and will be backed, it is expected, by a large sub scription among the three or four secret anti. Roman Catholio societies that exist in this country. We do not know what truth thlere may be in this report. It is intrirnsically proba ble that-the_ establishment of an "anti Romanist," periodical is in contemplation, because there is always a large politico religions party in the United States whose chief principle is bitterness against the Ca tholic Church, and there are certain reasons why saseb party just now should be espe Sactive. The.CatUolic element in our peipalti a It rapidly increasing, and many circomstances have recesntly combined ti/ng ts mamerricalt strength into promi nence A moderate estimate makes it not tide than six or seven millions. The pub lishaed- sneres of-the oeese of 1870 have gat thea r furnialael any statistics of re li irons belief, but they gt some facts frout hich we can get at least an idea of the rate at which the Church in America is growing. There were, for example, in 1870, no fewer than 1,855,779 persons of Irish birth in the Uaite.Btafes, and of these the prependerance of Catholics over Protest ants was so large that the Protestant ele menIt imay as well be disregarded. In Ire-. land, the ratio of Cathulics to Protestants is at least as high as four to one, and here the proportion is still greater, because emi gration is largely from the Catholic coun ties; probablyhe u hlhQ1hle amberLlrish-_ born Protestants in t1i United States does not equal 200,000. The German-born pop ulation, acqording-to the same cense, is 1i,690,533. In Germauy about three fifths of the inhabitants are Catholics, buterei gration takes place rather more frotri the Protestant than the. Cathelicaidi ricte, st that competent judges estimate tlhaL the Catholic Germans in this count grpre'tnel two-dlftbs of the batire num e. Trit would give us, for Catholics of G Pthsu' birth, G70,213. Then there are 103,51'nu. tives of other Catholic countries, including 1 116,402 Frenchmen, but not counting SwIse, Poles, Canadians, and others, of whose re ligions belief we have no means of maknog an estimate. A great many of the French and Italipya mmigrants re eiber Proeest. 1mb.feel at at re~br` to, trise ebtt t+ tr f aae mss bl ....- ........ 76,1 is prrP ps. -. 1.733.4. SHt Tt lmush * ,5,J.31.5 german p 3ta .............. ... yg rse Gerumr.s..,.;....~,.~ 2.cg~s9~ *g (lr&i8 tdt&1 ..:~.:...~.~~~~~~ n Thie, of course, is too high an estimate. 'n Unertunately, a great many, of the de y sendanttef Cathoieo immigrants are not t- brought up in the faith. Protestant asseo ts elations, mixed marriages, the want of priests and churches in a large part of our territory, the general deficieney of schools, the influence of an overpowering Protest Sant tone in society, politics and literature, .and the inadequacy of the Catholio press Sthus far to meet the intellectual needs of s the day, have robbed us of many of the o descendants of the Catholio settlers-how : many it is impossible to say. On the other n hand, it must be remlembered that the Sfigures we have given refer only to immi Sgrants and a single generation of their de scendants. Irish and German Catholics, however, have been pouring into the coun try ever since the revolution, and their de scendants in the second, third, and later 1I generations must be counted by hundreds y of thousands. Then we have the offspring i, of the original Catholio settlers of Mary e lanand of tlFPrench posts along the MIs a of VtaUe from the Lakes to the Gall t of xico, and the Spanish Catholics along - the Pacific coast; and, finally, we have thousands of converts, whose number is increasing in a constantly growing ratio. All these elements most far outweigh the loss by neglect and perversion. SThen, the movement to extend Catholi clsm among the colored people of the South Shas occasioned no little alarm in the Pro testant sects. It was thoroughly discussed 1- at the General Council of Baltimore six e years ago, and especially attracted, as our readers know, the Christian seal of the late SArchbaishop Spalding. The English Church t has come to our aid by sending us mission Saries for this special work, and there is 1every reason to believe that In this long i- neglected field, now open to os by the abo s lition of slavery, we shall reap an abundant harvest. Everybody percetves that for a y long time to conme, if not permanently, the - colored people iwill hold a preponderauce - of power in several of the Southern States. , As they advance in education and material welfare, their itiucnce will enormously a increase. In miany districts they are evi - dently destined to be the ruling race, for a they are Improving in culture, and can no - longer be overlooked by the social or reli r glson philosopher. Whether they shall be r Catholic or Piotestant is a momentous question, not only to their own souls, but - to the country. t But not onlyis the formidable number oe - the Catholics of $J Unised States a subject e of increasing ans.ety to toe sects, their -attitnid4e piaards political parties presents 4a some new and perplealngpResblemns. Iere e toforo they have exerted no special udn s ence as Catholics auon plitical asalrs. As ), a general rule, at least in large pities, an V immense majority of them have adhered to e the Democratic organisation, but without - giving the slpghtest Catholic tendency to - DenmocratLic principles and objects, They - have been swallowed up and lost in the a party isther than incorporated with it; e lathey hLaegje. itvotes..aand.goklittle or - nothing ip rieurn.. Why this has been so we need not nuw inquire; for it has become Sevident that a general reconstruction of a parties is clse.at hand. " - The next Presidential electioun viii not be a5 so mu.c a contest aof rinciples as a trial bt a strength betweien the prisonnl atherentisoft - ti rraI tomrulineti; god before the cendff e nottrht $Nr ears we noly expect`on' pt a tanew deedtSfWlp of polItcalt fatb,; e nr setftin op. 6f stsndardl, a new mister 5n 'l I pf ftposg aips, so that the ightý shal be h1t At a Bndidate,bht a a' eanse. ltrpUblleg nd Deu ot 0 ta.ket Sare lopkJso (or a nba dips ure , adw g+ eanuot t bintg ntaerese in wh~th 1, new a u of party orthbdoxy Sre. t if course, as a religiou body, our pot 4 is now; sa It always has been, to keep afootf from partisanship. We baye observed tbts duty religiously Tn the pt; we sha l ob t erve it noo les strctly hereafter. But n. Protdstafte- do not cb ipreheod our post 8a tittn theg mntter, atil.tey are watchIag Ir eagery for Iddicstons of the new alliance which tbi# j, ir n e We mnst' on the Republican aide have already beea tjying the temper of the people on this porot, and it is not tat all imposesible that orsanizations may be trade so atcompro. miingly hostile to us that we aball have to ..raise our own standar4 agl domne our rI inoes. Protestants see all this more clearly than Catholics, and hence the instinctive gathering together of the sects, the re Snewedl bitterness of some of their leadlng Journals, snob as the New Yorik Times and harpefs Weeldy, the attempt to excilude our charities from the State aid to which they are fairly entitled, the attacks upon our-schools, and the plans for an anti-Ca tholic crusade by the establishment of no .Popery organs. A paper of the class indi cated in tihe extract at the head of this artilel would not, indeed, be a formidable enemy. The peoole at least Dave no taste for the violent, old-fashioned style of con troversy; but, as one indication among many of the drift of Protestant sentiment, the establishment of a professedly and dis tinctively anti-Catholic paper sea political engine would be siguniicant. If evil times are coming. how are we prepared to meet them If our schools are to be attacked, our asylums and lIos pitals starved out, our children led away from the churclh and the parish school by týatroog arm of the government, our mr en ad yoegas-Ilen corrupted y hoatile literature, the newspapers givee up to falsehbood and misrepreaentation about our faith and practices, we who are seven millions strong are surely not to sit idle and strike no blow In sarown defence. The palpit eaonot be oar enly guardian. Before the altar we listen to instruction ia our religious duties, we lears of the mys teries of our creed, we are roused to peni tence, to charity, t6 the love of God and man; we do not look there fer guidance in our duty as citizens, or for the answer to the lslanders of our enemies. Oar priests have a more sacred function to perform; there is still a work which, from the satare of the case, they cannot do. The Catholic cause must be upheld not only in the shadow of the sanctuary, bnt in the very snidat of the hostile camp. The most elo. quent sermon cannot reach a man who will not go to church. The most complete re futation of a elslander will do no good if the slanderer and those who believe in him I never hear tie answer. But newspapers I go everywhere. Their readers are not confned to any one eet or any one party; I and when disputee arise which affect tise relations of OCatholics to the secular per- ' ernment and to their Protestant bretlren, I the heaviest of the fighting must always (I be done by the-daily, weekly and moanthly j press. In an article published over a year ago, we touched upono this snubpet in couneceumu witLh the duty 4f American Catholics to wards Catholic litersatnre. Our remarks were geueraly epprored, we beliove, but they called forth some little criticism of an unfavorable character which, upon the whole, we were not sorry to see. It is an encouraging alsga of development when the religious profs shows vitality enough to discuss something else than the common placea of controversy whichl have formed the staple of Catholic and l'rotestant - poleuics f'r generatisss. it is high tine for us to apply to our own publicatious lw i little of t lit.fine -e-asuiatinon wiclh we ha-ve bestoweq u ,IUa.tlers, and to lot ar tgument ansong Cfh Ie writeta be douue I thiný more U,4ltq -Ze ,roliah wranglinjg of Lions rig 1 huse orrtels to whichI we have alLI , we said that few of the Oatholic papqrs iad,accireuation of sore than 1i0,000 ,4"P4eoasspeopleuound fault-l with us fur ta.. Wq,wsi r we euuld give them 2:,0 O9r6,0Q0Qpieced hpt it will not mend mattera to say Uth all Catholic lwpers are poswepfa, orgas of public opioioq, wher g;a .kowu. that they are nothing :q4 he -e4 .. Most of thorem are doing excellea e erevico vishini their owp sphere ; hot wly *sa.t to deny that thiur sphere is a narrow onead their mseas are small? Webare Icied to ispress pons tihe Catholic publio se duty of supportc the i Catholic presetq tl utesoptof their ability. We have shwg thah wiere Protestasts attack us is 4 allioe.gpriated sheets, we give a feeble amwpr la peraPs ten thous and. We naber 000 seals, yet oar newspapers, witv w exeptoes lua galai for ws aCt es, sd ear oo aer not cras e classee Tlsa the i sylvania town "the Roman Catholics formed a plotto nlorder" a sCieels-teaeher. t" The priest aided in eteoraging thb Sdangerous spirit of the people, and the Sassasefus seem to have boen urged on to their dreadful deed by the open eounten anqe of the Romnsh CLurch.' The writer comes to the conclusion that t no '" lis is any longer safe who ventures to doubt the-divinity of Mary or the supreme prs rogat ire of the Pope." This Is only a sas-. pie of many similar slanders whieb the us. principled publishing firm of the Harpers are spreading all over the country. What are we doing to counteract them I Surely, 1 we cannot afford to let them go unanwewr ed, and we leave it to any Catholic to say whethr there is i siefl publication of I our creed in the United States which we I can depend upon for a prompt and thorough reply to such falsehoods, in such form and I manner as to convince not merely the Ca tholic, but the Protestant public. We t must confront our assailants on their own t ground. If they tell as that a priest and s his pas lhisoncrs in an obscure Pennsyl- s vants town have conspired to murder I'ro. e testant school-teachere, we must be able to show, and to show at once, that the inet- > dents never occurred, or that the Luterpre- 4 tation placed upon them is unwarranted. c We ought to have oer sources of informa- t tion as well as our enemies. We need our I n wh gatherers and investigators who I snail answer falsehood ot. Ritbh tndl I upent invective, but with fact. This I a not the work for a monthly magazine but ti for a much prompter publicatiou. Long s before tie true story of such an affair coeid i be told in The Catholic World, it would ii have been succeeded by a new slander. ei The poison would have run through the t< publio veins, and it would be too late for mo the antidote to overtake it. Newspapers ja ought to do this work, and we suppose they ai would 4p It if they hadi the money, but in- fta vestigalTons are expensive, and when the ni force of a Catholic organ consists of nobody bi but the editor, who writeLsal thefonrtl page, hi and thie assistant, who makes up the rest of at the forms with a paste-pot asd a pair of a.s shears, there is of course no reporter who se liho sent away on excursions. The New York it, Tiucx, which has lonug rivaled harper's I Wlieely iu'bigutry and auti-(Ctliolio malice, TI allows a correspondeut to take oup Lhis story, 5n relpeat it as a well nacestained truth, and Ib enforce the lesson that "a faithful son of the IRouish Church cannot be a law-abiding & citize, of tlhisree Republic." We dare say scores of Union newspapers will follow the exawplje of the Trse; ancd, meanwhile, if a.few weeLy Catheolihe papers seeed ind gtUinmg at the truth of the incidest, we may a depend upon it theirrefotatioouof tleflse- In horl will never resl i'rotestaat ears. It 0e is time for as to understand that calumny canuuot be conquered by such means as we w now employ, and that practically our ene- 3i mise ae having everything their own way; Catholic questions of the nmost mortaht-t ones clhsraterrr are now agitating the whole w continent of Eturope. Germany iasakea by the problem of educaetion Ital.y by b tihe contest btwreen the rights of the Vcar 1 of Christ and the esurpations of the god. n less Stuhinian monarchy. The D)olliuger tt iparty are enconraged by some of the secuylar poeas to attempt a new heresy. tl France and Spaiu are blth vexed by infidel and persecuting poliieal factione. eog-r laund even and Irelaud have their Catholic diffculties arisinog out of the relthionsle. tb tween tthe Steleap4 tie aschup)4. Al tlah i intelligence whlichi reaches utou these iae portant topics comes froua the worst spr cci. The cable reporters who clkmctJyu. roape news for transwisyleaq thigt*g te teiegrapl are esealy eot well ilglmas Catiehe iel ject, awld. not alwag hbaesu Whew they eoech open. reuigomsesntters, they are habiteall5 even theasl hqt Sltea venud bh eyth ssegreands bluadezlog dj - pathesl is almost alwage te direA rgvirse of the right ue, sdei tseorpsum tlegrans from Itoseaas cli.araausawelsof a aloues ad 0e. All the o- b peso di bspri j Ameriean spe b papers are sept rfs . They arej _ dated atwariopj cties. oa tL4 CGo05t, I tl but the all sas, Ieom one central ofice in the ilab aetrppolisi , and they ass eb taine4d e tRam aJewish news-ageney C p1bigh asM s e wish the Cotlsesnal ri pr s.T~ they eeayjive .aestl the ag t15.0are qCP hatt sset moe, ", gle~ tion in Prussia. £Zsiwis on s enet, the difficulty Is theamne. A Sones press is oousantly btti it is far this pres alone that we gdt our Eu r The mail corespondese of their own way Tber niasues wis deeib sarethi Set ou the If.ty wh, 5 teoar bym erbte hd makbt George whle, the tr their oBnt, wa the T hae great diffeulf ty ) Kill teiIba said thrat "a lie will tnrael l'u go Gieorgia whil, the truth IsPu. s boots." Best, If. the Iihs aaenttp of a daily newspaper and a a the-Atlantic Ocean, whilte ý ýa trast to steamships, and post- , sad a small weekly paper or a meanagt ms sine, what hope ia there that bs' iafe a ever be overtaken t Secular literature is almost eatvi y in Protestant bads and in atheoaue ba peted ways It is Itunafagius O 1 t1leet nal eystemthepoisonofindilbeetgos,frlo fidelity, or misealled IIbbraiam, acd teach leg our yousg pep to -ivide thihamsetes between two fse DptiMe ysvý-ao astive Pnar Hbreteut 1thwI'r buosrulIIrf buej and produetive bbed, sad' sh Ca tholie life, *hioh is goadshd moreings sod a few gre is the Cathofe press a t literary leluences? - What to acultivate the art of oetf ileaft R to know the charsetes r iits ewr merits of a new book shall wdg je' journals of our own fhtb, ; and tihe IWorl 7 Our peroa few honorable exceptons) rare say notice at all to tlProductio yl book-houses while msgeg e. bearing the imprint of CtbeUe RIshe are generally reviewed in somi ttstyle as the fbllowing: "This sterling periodieal JIs pawebsed its eleven tyousandLb name i bhas im proved with treryry f i sldoest started. The present nom er ýa lB 1E eysars snbserptloa. NeCshatelltfadlys sue' rdto le without it. PrtesUa sa t "Theb esterpristlg aabeisbss, N4srs Jos & Robinson, hasve juast-gseaS-al egasat s$ple for whish they asrealehuetesieew edi tion of Baruey 0Zb.es m 1 g )This iss a work of great htenin, sad s libra Is com plee without It. Ws ly In 4da~dto the jbarsl pabisheug~ LCseLszu ieo. t 1* elegant gbttn uº. sale, in skis uity, by ,g4,Ite bmi±.' Price ro eeots." - Tbhis sort of jeersallm is wermthan s waste of nlk "su paper. It is eaLect in jury to tb. eease it is Inteaced to serve. There le so reaso. why e beak iimati bad It prtessd and sbabbtIyty baebal be deseribedas "s fg*etly g- tt up5; icr why every member of a tt should he-catled the best evwrs ps4aWi aor why everythbeg pebliehed ats a Lt house should ble declared essential to tbaspirit cal welfare of every CathelfaI ly. But there is a reston why Cathbejturnallats should tll the plaits truth, sad-soa times the wheslo treth, It they edsee- to obtain influence in an intelligent esmlheuty. The time has some Who, WtrO roun , eu tetprisfer, wets-esadatei press messen tiat to aeveyenmmnnity in the I oited States. 56 ars in tfi a comtry' ran do withtot irs ifws per. Helao'tt keep ab el-of time e amut how what 1a Iln pIt , inanee,'tbade iters ti rt, ntnd'efet , and he mntt kanow it ,tothotWise the wnreat of the w 'tilo past him, a66- he 1tft idly luating is the pools by tl lssbre. We annot tafford Itre fli lmerative wast;r ifth af'ne1 sft? I b eodi tosn of sobtlety fat' oeyeeor eontol ; and It is Ib no esat a IdhhtI which eu oght'b rotm. r ý k elbsd be but to satd is meettS am it hat ever ses ghl5SI a are afumerdle sad afsO eS1 a Ca tholic perfotditial flh be the glory of Atele5s - ahi to the cbhrch and schoel, theb Iett defiaue of Catholio principles. We*'**u ee..ed riche enough to a b b whichb shall meet -i dems rl met asive sad I daesated cittses in t f- gJte