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Morning Star and Catholic Messenger.
5e------ ------U WSW ORLEANS. SUNDAY. MARClO 10 I, l. DOiNSTIC CATHOLIC ItZLLIJOEINCE. Docesee of Charlelon.-An Important addition to the Cathedral in Queen's street, to be known as the Virgin's Chapel, is now building on the west side, at the south west angle. The addition is about Ofieen feet square, and its walls will equal those of the Cathedral in height. It will be handsomly finished inside, and the windows will be furnished with stained glass. It will be completed in about two months' time, at a cost of twelve hundred dollars. The new chapel will contain a beautiful statue of tie Virgin Mother, holding the Infant Saviour in her arms. Tihe statue is life sise, of the purest white marble, and was brought from Rome by Bishop Lynch. -Newrs. Bishop Wood of Philadclphia and Total Abstinence.-The first item in this week's news will, we know, prove highly iaterest ing and gratifying to temperance men and others. Our beloved Rt. Rev. Bishop is well-known, not only to the people of his immediate Diocese, but also far beyond it, for his eminent prudence, ever solicitous for those over whom his ecclesiastical aI thority extends, and appreciating clearly and deeply the weighty influence of every official act, he impartially and carefully scrutinises and considers every measure proposed for the welfare of his flock. lie has not, therefore, been an munattentivo or uninterested observer of the temperance movement, which has taken such a deep hold upon the Catholic heart, and spread so widely through the Catholic population of our country. And as the result of his observation and consideration, he desires the organization of a T. A. B. Society in the Cathedral parish. In puaruance of the wishes, therefore, of the lit. Rev. Bishop, Rev. Father El cook, on last Sunday morning, invited the male members of the Cathedral parish to a meeting to be held in the evening at the Cathedral school house, Wood street, above Eighteenth, to form a Total Abstinence Society. A commnmittee Irom the Diocesan Temperance Union attended tihe meeting to render all the assistance they could in the formation of the new society. After snI earnest and eloquent address by R.*v. F.t ther Elcock, the roll for members was de clared open, when one hundred and sixty names were obtained, and the meeting ad journed to next Sunday evening at 71 o'clock.-Pl'hiladelphia tandard Death of jother Mary Vincent.-News was received yesterday of the death at At lanta on Saturday morning last, of Mother Mary Vincent see Mlahoney, who wias for many years Mother Superior of the Con vent of the Sisters of Mercy and occasion ed unfeigned regret in the large circle of her loving friends. Mother Vincent came to this country with Blalsop England, in 1834, and shite entered the convent of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Novem ber of the same year at Charleston. Sithe remained with them for eleven years, and then came to Savannah the latter part of 1845, as first Superior of the Convent on Liberty street, at that time but recently established, which position she held for thirteen years-beloved by all with whom she came in contact. Site subsequently held positions of trust in Augusta, Macon and Atlanta, in which latter place, as be fore stated, her death occurred, in tihe six ty-eighth year of her ago, and the thirty ninth of her religious profession. Her re mains will arrive from Atlanta this scorn lng at eight o'clock, and will be immedi ately conveyed to the Chapel of the Sisters of Mercy on Liberty street, where a sol emn high mass of requiem will me sung at nine o'clock for the repose of her soul, The burial services will take place from the chapel at four o'elock this aftornoon, when all that is mortal of the good Sister will be conveyed to its last resting place in the Catholic cemetery.--usraonnah ml ete's, .March 10. The Louisville Advocate announces the death of Sister Elizabeth Suttle which oc curred at Nazareth Academy on the 28th of February, in the 7dth 3 ear of her age, and the 58th year of her religious lifte: "From her earliest chlildhood her heart seemed drawn to heavenly things. lier parents had come from blaryland and settled near St. Thomas, where, under the spiritual guidance of Bishop David (then Father David) she jo.ind the newly formed com mounity of Nazareth at the age of sixteen. Employed at the mother-house till 1831, she was sent to St. Vincent's Academy, where her kind deeds endeared her to the children and patrons of the school. Under her direction the academy tlouristhed, and the present spacious buildings were erect ed. Several times was she broughlt to death's door by violent attacks of sickness; her strength was failing, and in 1~6:1, "she came home to die," as she said. The Baltimore Mirror states that Arch bishop Bayley's health has been greatly t/ improved by his trip to Floi da. lie is ex pected home as soon as tihe weather north moderates. Rev. F. d'Assise, the Trappist monk who spent some months hero last summer, is at present in Key West, Fla. BuIABEIJAN A& ADiAmS.-1xVll written ad vertisemeants are the meeot attractlive features in a news paper, being not only interesting hut inatructive. As he.ug, par erxcrllece, the best written and moet taklng ot aii tbhe averteoments puo iht d in our city papers. we would cite thoee ot the enterprising |irm whoe leme behead this notice, aend of which lan fifth page or our paper today, furnishe an ei4ample. Hlow nmany fair eee will dwell upea erach wor nd Ilgnurem. and how many adear Iltle heart will thrtlb at the knowledge thus gained of how msany beautienl things can be boudht for c little money. Thene. when sapproachlng the maganlloesat eetablihmeent ol Mesars. iraelman & Adams, corner Mgazline and t. Andrew streets. how the fair and gentle ones will be dazrled at the Ilght ef the splendid show window. ro unique and tasty in the artangement of the elegant good which till it. But we willt not follow our lady friends ainto therat emporoium. fearing that we Oight lose ourselves looking throagh the varied stock, bat ila the eoncioeusners that our asd. qrce to rlit flat once will be followed by many, we re signo oreelveestothe pleasant contemplation of lwhat will be their Joy on the eoaeuion. . ...-----m ma- -- .. .. Grocers and dealers generally will find the advertisements of the Byrue Bros., which appear on our sfth page. of great lmpoetance. They hare. aes the lit shbow, a ver) large stock of tacona, dry selt bleats Lard. Butter. etc., on hand. whlich they will soel at the toewtmorketram This extensire eetablilhment is at e.. 55-5'o.dras Sit. Procter & Oamble's Olmve Soap is a superior arelem It. latrodctUon in a household m is a ure goar atoe that moesLther will be used. It is sold at price teedisry sap. and ean be procured in ny qouantlusee a ts Sew Orleana Jobbers, wholesale agents. See patvomsmt elswhero.- , ISCULLAZoEUS o wIO-N NEW-. IRELAND. Acqjuittal of JBishop Dullgan.-We be lieve we have heard the last of the Galway prosecutions, and the public are not sorry to see the end of them. The trial of Dr. l)ugan. Lord Bishop of Clonfert, conclu ded on Wednesday in a verdict of acquit tal. a verdict received in Dublin with an enthusiasm which will be sure to find an echoe in every part of Ireland, and indeed the whole Catholic world. That the jury would return a verdict of Not Guilty, was to be anticipated before the witness for the prosecution had half concluded his inter esting cross-examination; while public feetling- against the prosecutions became terribly intensified at learning the fact that the Crown had entered the case against a prelate of the Catholic Churbi on the unsupported testimony of an infor mer. It was scarcely necessary to produce witnesses for the defence; but, on the other hand, the importance of the trial was greatly magnified by the fact of the high !and sacred office of the Most Rev. Traver ser, and the production of an overwhelm ing weight of testimony was therefore, if not essential, at least proper, and due to the character of the accused. Carter, who of himself, admitted, certainly with un paralleled coolness, that he had giver in formation which had led to the arrest of persons connected with Fenianism-Carter swore posut-blank that the Bishop had threatened anathema against all who would not vote as he and his clergy should direct. Against this were produced a cloud of wit nesses whoe had been present on the occa sion referred to by Carter, and who dis tinctly contradicted his evidence. This, of course, rendered it impossible for the jury to hesitate in giving their verdict, and ac cordingly they acquitted his lordship, thereby giving justice a triumph well cal culated to vastly increase respect for the law in Ireland. The trial was a most re markable one, as well for its intense im portance as for the extraordinary amount of eloquence and forensic ability displayed on both sides. Mr. Butt even surpassed himself in his address to the jury, and his speech fully equalled the best effort ever made even by the most celebrated orators tihe Irish Bar has produced. Sergeant Armstrong, on the other side, displayed all his powers of wit and eloquence and legal acumen, but was most powerful in his elo quent and impassioned reply to a most un dignified attack u.ade by Mr. Heron, who, we are sorry to say, marred the effect of a splendid address by an attempt to throw the odium of the prosecution on the learn ed Sergeant. His lordship's charge to the jury, was one of the most powerful, digni r lied, and impartial, ever delivered in a court of justice. There was not a point - made by either counsel, that was not f weighed, not a word of evidence that was 3 not cited, and not fact left unnoticed which a could in any way assist the jury in arri ving at a true verdict. On the announce . ment of that verdicts the Solicit.o Gener a al declared his intention of not proceeding I further in the prosecutions during the pre Ssent after-sittings, so that we may safe i ly conclude that thie other traversers men f tioned in the schedule will never be r brought to trial. The ballot, thank God, i renders a recurrence of such scenes impos r sible.-I'aterford News, Feb. 23. Crimeless Tipperary. - In the Caslher Gazt(te of Fe 2.2, last we find the follow ing report of the proceedings at the Cashel Petty Sessions Court on the previous Wed nesday :--"llon. Martin Joseph Ffrench, R. M., Chairman. Mr. Scully, Petty Sos sionus Clerk, informed the Chairman that there was no case for trial of any kind, Mr. Denis O'Kearne (rux) said as representa tives of the Sheriff he begged leave to pre sent the honourable chairman with a pair Sof white gloves. At present, on account of the inclement season, the labouring pop r ulation were unable to earn anything, and poverty was often an incentive of crime. It was a happy circumstance that there was no case to try, and he begged to make the a presentation as an emblem of the purity of the inhabitants and their freedom from f crime. The chairman said he had much I pleasure in accepting the presentation, as It testfired to the good sense of the people I in abstaining from crime, and als'o as a s token of thu good order of tile district. r The court then adjourned," And yet there I is a Coercion Act for Tipperary ! SRemarkable L.ongerity,-The most re markable case of longevity known to any person in this part of the country is that of Kate Magrath, whose remains were in terred in Kilmoi!y churcji-yard last Sun day, She lived to the great age of 114 years! She was sound in mind and body to the last. Until a few weeks benore her demise she assisted her grand-daughter in . the various business of her house. Her son, with whom she lived is a small farn:er, Sin the parish of Ballyhaigue, and now a very old Iman. 1Her maiden name was Re - gan. She was born in the village in which y her remains now rest for ever. Hlow many vicissitudes of time and place had this old II woman witnessed. She was born about the same year that Ciement III. received c the Papal Crown. It is only the seventh Pope that has outliwed her. In the reign of George II. she was born, and only the sixth Sovereign of England has survived her. At her birth Louis XV. sat on tihe * throne of Frpnce, and she survived its Seighth Emperor; notwithstanding that I three Republics rose and two fell in the Smeantime. She saw her father pay a Sgumona for as much oaten straw as she nod Shimself were alle to carry on their backs Y without much ditficulty about a hundred years ago, when there was a cattle famine, but she never saw as mQch rain lall in any one year as she had seen in thie last year s of her life.-Correspondent of Tralee Chron ENGLAND. The Irish University Bill.-On Feb. 13, SMr. Gladstone made his statemeut on the SIrish Education question. Hle began by Sacknowledging the great necessity for Slegislation on intermediate schools, but declined to mix up that subject with tihe SUniversity question, lie repudiated the charge of yielding to "Ultramrontane in tluence," asserting that Government had a held no communications "with any of the a reat bodies interested in Irish education." SIhe Government had long admitted that . there waits a teligiousa gimeance, and ns to . the plea that the social position of Irish i Catholics was such tihat "ihe prot*ision for them was not so very bad," hie maintained r that it was "miserably bad""-nay, "sacan dalously bad." And this is what lie pro * pees as the remedy. Thie University of SDublin, Ihitherto practically a syaonym for " Tliiry College, is to be detached from that Institution, enlarged and reorganized, and in it are to be incorporated Trinity College. two Queen's Colleges, Belfast and Cork-Galway being sentenced to be wound up by January 1876-the Catholic Univer sity and the Magee College. About one fourth of the present revenues of Trinity College, which already contributes about that amount to University purposes, are to be banded over to the new University, and with this and some of the surplus arising from the Disestablished Church, ten university fellowshipsof £200ayear tenable for five years, fifty-five University scholar ships of £50 a year. tenable for four years; and.100 bursea of £25 a year are to be founded. These prizes may be competed for by members of any of the Colleges in the University, and the successful candi dates will take them with them to their own colleges. The new university is not to teach theology, mental and moral phil osophy, or model history; and though it will examine in philosophy and modern history, no student need take up these subjects for his degree unless he chooses to do so. The tnow University is to be thus governed : It is to have a Chancellor, an "ornamuental officer," named by the Lord Lieutenant, andi a Vice-Chancellor elected by the governing body; this body is to consist of twenty-eight ordinary mem bers, who are to form the principal por tion of the council, and are be selected for the irat time by tie Government without distinction of creed ; and the Senate of the Queen's University is to be absorbed into the Senate of the Dublin University. These are the principal features of the measure, the second reading of which is fixed for Monday fortnight. Catholics gain the chance of obtaining University degrees and University emoluments after studying in their own institution, and de grees are also thrown open to those who can show that they have attended the courses of the Catholic University at any time during the last ton years. The Col leges are left full liberty, not only of inter nal organization and discipline, but to avail themselves or not to avail them selves of the University lectures on the snubjects for which chairs are to be founded: instruction on the subjects already speci fled being altogether excluded from the University curriculum and confined to that of the Colleges. " The Ierr-ble Nor-thfleet Disaster--.The evi dencoe of the three Englishmen on board the Murillo leaves no possible doubt as to that steamer having been the vessel which ran into the Northtleet. Mr Bethell, the chief enginger, Mr. Goodeve, the second engineer, and Mr. Bell, a passenger, were all eye-witness of the collison, and declare that the ship struck had a very brilliant light burning at the foremast; the second engineer and the passenger further declare that they heard cries of "Don't leave us; send boats !" to which they answered "No, we shall not leave you ;" and Mr. Bell de poses that the captain and boatswain of the MoIrillo were all the time on the bridge, and that a few moments afterwards they were steaming down Channel "without stopping to make any enquiries or to ren der any assistance." The chief engineer also states that, feeling that they ought to have waited, he spoke to the captain the next day on the subject, and the latter re marked that he did not believe they had done much injury to her. It is carious, as an illustration of the great superiority of strength possessed by iron ships, that the Murillo bears no traces of tlhe collision, except a little paint which has been scraped off the wood. Lord Carnarvon raised on Friday the question, whether conduct such as that of the comnmander of the Murillo in deserting the Northlfleet did not come un der extradition treaties as manslaughter, and whether there was any extradition treaty or convention with Spain? Lord Granville replied that there was not; but that one was in course of negotiation, and that treaties with several- other countries were in progress; and he quoted that with Portugal as an instance of the difficulties which sometimes delayed these negotia tions. There is no capital punishment in Portugal, and the Portuguese Government has asked us to insert a clause that no one given up under the extradition treaty anould be hung. Lord Granvillo " did not feel justified" in inserting such an under taking; if he had, Lisbon would have had the advantage of becoming the point which all our runaway murderers would have tried to make. Lord Granville further stated that the Board of Trade was occupied in considering what steps should be taken to wards diminishing the frequency of such disasters-Lord Carnarvon had mentioned the necessity of a new code of signals and a larger number of boats for emigrant ships. As to the liability of the authors of such a collision to punishment, the Satur day Review mentions a case of forty years ago, in which it was decided that, if there was sufficient light and the captain was in a situatisn to be giving the command, lihe was guilty of manslaughter. If he was not on deck, the criminal liability might de volve on some one else. But subsequent desertion is visited with a special penalty by the Mercha Shtit,vg6 n,-tbh, auu of certificate-r.nd would, therefore, thinks the writer, exclude any other. If this is the law-and we see no reason for ques tioning that it is-most people will proba bly share our opinion that the penalty ought to be increased. CGathlolic Children, in Workhouse Schlools.. Lord iuckhurst deserves the thanks of Catholics for having brought before thie Hounse of Lords thie case of those children of Catholic parents who are being brought up as Protestants in workhouse schools. llavingeen a statement of thie facts drawn up by the secretary of the Westminster Diocesan Educatiou Fund, hlie wrote to that gentleman and obtained a confirmation of it. lie accordingly moved on Monday "for a return of the number of children of Roman Catholic parents in each union school in England and Wales on the let Jan., 1873, and also of the number in each union who have been taken into pri vate asylums betweent 1st Jan,, 1872, and the let Jan., 1d73.' Lord Morley, in consenting to the return with certain amendmeuts stated his belief that, when ever application was mode to thie Local Government Board on the refusals of guar dians to carry out the Act, "the President invariable interfered when hie thought the case a fit one forloterfe-rence." Tmhemean ing of this quahltication ms that, when tie number of Catholic, children in any union is so large that provision is made within the un.on itself for their instruction in their own religion, Mr. Stansfuld will not'inter fere; when they are in such small numbers t'sat no such provision is made, hie will re move them. Blut there is a further ques tion, of whlich Mr. Stansfeld would perhaps acknowledge that he is not altogether a competent judge-when that provision ex ists, is it always a suficient ones is it freed from all restrictions which might make it more nominal than resalt and lastly, is it always furnished to all the children in the union who ought to profit by itT WALES. The Distress in South Wales.-The letters which we contisue to receive from the pas tors of the Missions affected by the strike draw a'terrible picture of the sufferings which that unfortunate measure has en tailed upon the families of the. Catholic workmen in comamon with the rest of the population. SpeaKing broadly, about 10. 000 Catfholics ate actually suffering starva tion, and the season, the climate, the oat oral features of the country, and the elev ated site of all these mountain villages considerably aggravate the calamity. In the face of such misery no one will be in clined to enquire into its causes befbhr offering relict, bund whatever strong feelings may be entertained as to the tyranny of the Unions which forces workmen into idleness and destitution-in many cases against their will-there can be no two opinions as to tile duty of succouring those who suffer under it.-London Tablet. SPAIN. The Immediate Future of Spaia.-It is quite useless to speculate, says tile London Tablet, whether or how long the experi ment of the Republic will last. There is indeed only a sprinkling of Republicans; tlhe peasoutry are chiefly Carlist, the mid dle-classes and most of the aristocracy are Alfonsist, and the Republic is adopted by the majority in the Cortes, simply because the cannot agree on a Spanish King, and a foreign King has been proved to be out of the question. The Carlist insurrection is evidently serious, and able to maintain itself, at least on the defensive; Don Al fonso, the Prince of Asturias, has left Vien na for Paris, in order to be within call; and the principal Communists in London, Brussels, and Geneva, ape-osaid to have started for Madrid ; so that there is every reason to look out for squalls; and as ipanish Republics elsewhere have certain not proved a panarea against military dspotism, everything will probably de pend, as hitherto, upon the line which the army may ultimately take. It is all over with the House of Savoy in Spain. The impudent attempt to plant on the throne of a Catholic nation the son of the despoiler of the Papacy has ended in an ignominious collapse, and the reign which the infidel press of Europe hailed with ju bilant exultation has rotted to extisction. There is an end of the regime which the world was asked to regard as a final tri umph over Catholic spirit in Spain, and a distinct pronouncement on the part of its population in favor of irreligion and op pression. If "Cervantes smiled Spain's chivalry away," there is still sufficient pa triotism and sense of duty in the land of the olive and the vine to render the pre sence of the son of an eacommunicated us urper in the Escurial ablorrent to the feel ings of the people, and not even the pres sure of military despotism has been suffi cient to keep him on the throne into which he had been intruded. From the firstday of his short and ill-starred reign the indigna tion of the people was evidenced by acts of open war. Never for an hour was that protest suspended, and neither the lying telegrams nor concocted despatches suffic ed to conceal the fact that all attempts to reconcile the Spanish nation to his sway were utterly unavailing. How freely and unscrupulously these means of deception were employed no one who has not closely watched the course of affairs in the Penin sula can even imagine. It will be news to most people, and yet it is undoubtedly a fact that for the past six months a for midable insurrectionary war has been raging in Spain-a war embracing fully one-third of the country in its area, and supported against tile Government by regu larly drilled and equipped fofces, number ing in the aggregate over fifty thousand men. It is also certain that Don Carlos,. the candidate for the crown, whose cap ture or flight to France has been so often reported, never during that period quitted his native soil. Over and over had the de feat and dispersion of his followers been reported ; at least a hundred times it has been announced from Madrid that the in surrection was finally suppressed, and that order reigned in Spain. Tie English press gladly published these tidings, and clung with frantic vigour to the hope that in Spain, as in Italy, attachment to Catholic principles would go down before the auda city of "liberalism." But it was not to be. Tihe insurgents, annihilated on paper one day, were found to be as active as ever the next; the population gave them their full est sympathy and assistance, the troops sent against ther joined their ranks; in the highest circles, as well as in the lowest, antipathy to the foreign ruler became a passion; generals as well as privates caught the flame of patriotism, and re. volted against the national scandal. With in th pa month matters have been hasten ing to a crisis. The difficulty of stemming the torrent of insurrection increased each day, until at last tile current became irre sistible. To face thle gathering dangers was more than tihe intruder was equal to. To escape from Spain with a whole skin became soon the chief object of his amnibi tion, -until, and finally, on Tuesday last, alleging in excuse a trivial qnuarrel with his Ministers, tile royal carpet-bagger threw up thie gamen and took refuoe in fiormal abdica tion. What now will be thie late of Spain in a question opening up a wide field for specu lation. Amadeus is gone, but it would be no, light ttask to say wlo is destined to be hIis successor. Don Carlos appears to have some chianclihes in his favor, and in the present state of affairs it is not easy to see Ihow his claim is to be resisted. Bot the Republicans, a rapidly growing party and ably led, are not likely to lose the oppor tunity which thie present juncture presents to themn. Already they have seized on the reins of power; alreadly tile Republio has been proclaimed. Senor Castelar and his followeres hlrve lost no time in bringing their programme into operation, and they have now thie advantages in their favor which spring from promptitude and posses sion. They Ihave professedly been waiting for the very event uhich has now occurred and which it required no prescience to foresee, and they are certain to resist by force of arumsa any att mpt to restore to the Monarchlical foirm of Government. Agam, thie exiled Queen and her son have no coin siderable number of adlherents in tine country, and thie Alphonsiats have made themselves heard and felt more than oence during the reign of Amnadeas. What the counflict of pretensions will end in it is im possible to predict. That Spain has still a cycle of gloom and trouble to pass through is only too probable; but whatever may be the lssen of the crisis we can at least find room for rej,,icing in the fact that the tri umph of irreligion is ended in Spain, and the reproach involved in the presence of the son of the robber king upon the Spanish throne for ever wiped away.-lDublin Na tion. SWITZERLAND. The Persecution in. the Diocese of Bale. The Cathedral Chapter of the diocese of Bale, whose residence, like that of the Bishop, is at Solsure, have of course re fused to treat their Bishop as deposed and elect an admiiatrator ad interim, inas much, as they quaintly reply, as the Bishop is neither dead, excommunicated, nor otherwise removed frim his See. The Car dinal Archbishop of Besancon and the Bishop of levers have both written to the Bishop of Bale to offer him hospitality, but Mgr. Lacihat has decided to remain at Sole ore as guest of Count von Scherrer as long as possible, and if obliged to leave the Can ton will reside at Lucerne, unless the Fed eral Government should join actively in the persecution and expel him from Switz erland altogether. The Diocese of Bale coutains 380,000 Cathbllcs, and of these only 20,000, with only three priests, form the heretical and schismatical body whose cause the Government has taken up; but this minority is of course swelled by all the Protestant and other non-Catholic elements in the Cantons, and the object of this anti Catholic party is, as it quarrels with one Catholic Bishop after another, to get rid of them all by degrees, and to substitute for them if possible one or two Bishops who will be absolute cyphers, and consent to the transformation of the batholic Church into a community without any real spirit ual government whatever. It is alleged by the Journlal de Geneve that the Bale Con ference has actually had the coolness to propose that "the Roman Curia"--in other words the Holy See-should be invited to consent to the creation oJf a "great Swiss Diocese," to comprise all "the dissident Cantons," that is, to authorize and -recog nize a schismatical and heretical commu nion. The presumption of the Swiss Rad icals is quite equalled by their ignorance of the constitution of the Church and of ec clesiastical history; otherwise it would be impossible to account for their extraordi nary shortsightedness. They see no reason why they should not succeed at once in to enterprise in which centuries of persecu tion have failed. At Geneva the Council of State has re solved to put a three months' stoppage on the salaries of all the cures, for having read in their pulpits the Pontifical Brief ap pointing the Vicar Apostolic. At the same time it has sent two delegates, to Berne, who have had an interview with the Federal President, M. Ceresole. There could be but little doubt what the answer of the Federal Government wouhl be. Not only is the Government of Berne-for the reasons above stated-persistently and un iversally hostile to any episcopal appoint ment which it can refuse to acknowledge, but from the first, in an interview with Mgr. Agnozzi, Pontifical Charge d'Affairs, it refused to recive the particular Brief now in question. It has now decided to support the Government of Geneva in ban ishing Mgr. Mermillod, and has addressed a note to Mgr. Agnozzi, denying the right of the Holy She to "dismember" a Swiss diocese "without the consent of govern ment powers." It has fixed Feb. 22nd next as the term by which Mgr. Mermillod must either disobey the Holy See by renounc ing the Apostolic Vicariate, or be expelled from the Canton. We need scarcely say that there is no doubt what the answer of the Bishop of Hebron will be. No step more moderate than the nomination of a Vicar Apostolic could possibly have been taken by the Holy See, but the opposition to it is Just as fierce as if a Bishop of Geneva had oeen appointed. And that nothing short of the absolute enslavement of the Church will satisfy the-party in power is apparent from the fact that the proposition of M. James Fazy, the veteran leader of the old fashioned Liberals, for an entire separation of Church and State, as in England or America, has been rejected in the Grand Council by eighty-five votes to fifteen ; while the principal of a popular election to all ecclesiastical posts was aftirmed by a large majority. Not even spoliation of the Church will satisfy these petty tyrants; they will have nothing less than her con version into "a branch of the civil service," with a government and institutions devised by themselves. LIugI Assoc-IAtrro oF AMaRIC.L.-It is with pleasure that the friends of Gen. B. B. Simms will read the card of Gen. Hood. President of the Louisiana and Texas Department of the Life Association of America, announcing that his services have been secoured to that Association. ien. Simms, within the past four years, in connection wish the Mound City Life Insurance Company. as its I.onlslana agent, has proved himself to be one of the most efficient and successful agents in America. He is very extensively known throughout the State and the Southwest, is eminently qualified by experience and business talents, and is thoroughly do voted to this busloess, whose range and importance are contlsnal!y growing. He brings to his nvw associates very great influence, added to the benefit of an extended business acquaiatanoe and experience in all the details of life insurance. It gives us pleasure to add that, in appreciation of his valued services, the board of direc. tors of tihe Mound City company (ILoulsiana depart ment) have testified to his energy, integrity and assld. ity in the most emphatic terms. EnDWARD BUtiKE.-It is a pleesure to have occasion to me, tion, as time psaee quickly on. the continued prosperity of those of our old meschants who have been principally instrumental In llnniagfor our city a commercial renown second to that oi no otherin tce world. Such occasion we have to-day in calling at. tention to the advertisement of the gentleman whose name appears above. For many years he has been one of our leading Wine and Liquor dealers and to-day. after passing through the panics and troubles of other days withouteven oncebeing shlaken, hishouse is known and respected at home and abroad asone of the best in the South. We wish him many yearsof continued pros perity. ADVERTISING HaTR8S OF THe "" bilac." SQuAOUS. 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