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prning Star and Catholic Messenger.
NEW OtiLtsAN,. SITNDAY, APRIL T7, le3J From Our Own Correspondent. OUR IRIUH LETTER. DUBLIN, April 3d, 1873. The registered proprietor of the Ulster Er minsr has been severely punished forhbis arti eles on Judge Lawson. That jqdioial person sentenced him on Saturday morning last to four moutbs' imprisonment and to pay aine of £250 to the Queen. Mr. MaoAleese-thet is the name of the Ulster Eraminer's esponsible condnotor-male an aflidavit on this day week answering the charges against him, and he got Mr. Batt to read the affidavit and explain hsis articles. But the affidavit and Mr. Butta, apeech were disregarded by the judge except here they served to inflame his indiagnation. Lawson said the affidavit was a bold defiance of the authority of the court. While there was no doubt that this was a lie, it is yet true that the affidavit withdrew nothing that was contained in the obnoxious articles, but on the contrary affirmed that overything that was in them was within the proper limits of discus. e ion. In other words, it was not an abject *pology, and an abject apology Lawson vowed was the only thing that could induce hirn to treat Mr. MacAleese leniently. He was deter mined from the first to inflict a heavy punish ment, unless that gentleman went on his knees to beg pardon. So that his taking two days to f consider the matter was all nonsense. You may be sure that ae and his colleague, Keogh, I cbnclled over their wino at the fact thlat he had got within his grasp at last a journalist who had often "pitched into" both of themn, and that they determined from the very first that he should get it hot and heavy. This ferocious sentence has been regarded by all persons in Ireland, except the Northern Orangemen, as a flagrant outrage on justice, and even Orangemen themselves were aston ished at it. Even some of the Euglish journals have condemned it as quite too severe. It is seen by all that the Examiner had committed no crime at all-was guilty, at the most, of a slight indiscretion. It is, moroeover, seen that the reason it was punished was not becauso it had committed any crime, but because it was a fearless denouncer of rottenness in high quarters, of judicial cotrnption, of the erimu of putting on the Irish bench mets who, with the instincts of a viper, hadL worked their way through the slimy paths of political intrigue, and becausnee, of all things in the world, such a journal is feared and hated by such men as Lawson and Keogh. Because, therefore, there was no moral crime committed by the Exami ncr, the public have determined that it shall not be crushed out of existence by such a viper as Lawson. Four hundred pounds sterling have already been collected for Mr. MacAleeso in Belfast, and it is determined to collect at least six hundred more and to present the same to him when he is released from prison. This is the answer of the public to the on elaught of Lawson. Another effect has been to set people thinking that it is by no means desirableto have the power of summarily pun ishing for contempt of court vested in men who, like Lawson, have no consciences, and are apt to disregard their oaths. But until we have an Irish Parliament we may be sure that this power will continue vested in our judges, and when we have an Irish Parliament it will not be necessary to take it away; for then we shall have honest and impartial judges, if it were necessary, in order to effect so desirable a consummation, to make a clean sweep of Law son, Keogh & Co. I think I told you in my last letter that this' Lawson distinguished himself last summer by an attempt to prove that the priests of Galway had committed not merely a legal crime, but a moral one, and should he treated by overy honest man as commuon felons. I forgot then to add that such an attempt caine very ba:dly from Lawson. If Justice had her way he would be now undergoing a long term ofnt i prisonment Ter the double crime of bribery and undue interference, instead of being in a position to sentence others. Ilt was member for the corrupt little borough ot Portariington in the last I'arliamrent, and there eau be noj dloubt at all that he bought hie seat as well as your Mr. Caldwell bought Ihis in the Senate. It was not necessary that he should ,he very rich in order to dot this, for the elcetoi ate of Portarlingtou consists onli of aboullot ninety persons, and only thalfof theses were Wiling to sell their votes to him. What can he accounted ol!y as a g cat an tional religionus ceremony took place in every church and chapel throughout Ireland on San day last. I alluide to the dedication of Ireland to the Sacred Hieart, which was performed in accordance with a resolution of the Archbish ops and Bishops passed at their nmeeting irn February. A Triduum preceded the ceresiossy and was attended by vast coagregations, while on Sunday the crowds that everywhere were seen appraching the altar rails for tbohe purpose of receiving the Holy Communion were unusually large, even for Ireland Here in Dublin the priests had to turn out of several of the churches at 11 o'clock on Saturday night several thousand people waiting for con fession, there being no prospect of their being able to give theiu all a hearing. The same may be said of several other towns. Never before was there nuch a general recourse to the Sacraments, and all classes and both sexes contribitfr to the throng. Any one whso saw our churches the last three days of l:st week and on Sunday couldl not, indeed, hiave failed to be convinced that against the ever-risillng tide of ingtdelity all arounid ue, Irelanld is still, as of old, like a rock in its invincible CathLhi city. The truth is that the people were lnstch ed by the fact that their counlltry, as well :s themselves, was being dedicatedl to .Jesus: which shows that those who strive to dissoci ate the cause of nationality from tihe cause of the Catholic religion in this country, are going the right way to destroy tise latter. Father Burke preached on the openuieg day of the Triduunm in the Pro-Cathedral, Blarlbo ro' street, in Dublin, anid again in the samene place on Sunuday. I heard this latter stranou. It was a very line piece of clognuence tad deeply moved those who Iheard it. T'ie follow ing evening-that is, on Monday-the Rev. gentleman stasted for Rome, in company with Father Lily, of Now Yark. Hle is to be back here in time to preach on tise festival of St. Catharine of Sienna. Great a preacher as he is, I venture to say that his superior is to be found here in the person of Father Banon, the Jesuit. This I say in fear and trembling, forI haow it is considered something like heresy to question, esther hero or in America, Father Lunrke's primacy. The contest for Tyrone has commenced; the nomination having taken place on Monday last in Omagh, and the balloting being fixed for Monday next. The only caimdidates are Capt. Corry and Macartney. What I have chiefly to call attention to this week in con nection with this matter is the tactics of the landlords. And these tactics are splendidly illustrated by a document somehow gotten hold of and published by the L'Dery S.Stasdsrd, in its Issne of yesterday. It is a letter written by Capt. Mer-yn Archdall, M. P. for the county Fermanagh. to a gentleman named Capt. Hame. ilton. Capt. Hamilton had canvassed, on be half of Mr. Macartoey, some of Capt Arch dal's Tyrono teiants. One wosild think this was not much of a crime. But it is an unpar donable offence in thse eyes of Caist. Arcissull, whso accordisIgly isroto to C spt. liasiltoss to the effect that he ilsid heard with snrprise that he had "piesunsesh" to canvass his tenasuts; that "a msonielts consideration usighs, have convinced him ofthe gross impropriety" of tse act; that lis tenants were well able to jdgen for themselves, and that he was happy to say that never yet had there been any diference between hini (Cap. Archdal) and his tsrauts as to who was the satest to represent the coany Tyrone. B1& he ais sbaf thselhd never bad the courage to act contrary to his Sorders. it would have been true enough, fos they had never had, and if they had had, they Swould have been all turned out of their homes The truth is, that Capt. Arcbdall eoceivels lit has a right to the votes of his tenants as wel: as to the rent they pay him, and that it is tc him and not to them that application for votes should be made. And so with all Irish land. lords. Capt. Arobdall is a caitital specimen of - the class. But the power of Capt. Archdall Sover his tettiots' votes is gone. We have the ball* now, and no matter what letters land a lords nmay write, they can't really any longeL a compel their teagts to vote in any particular a way.s SThe questio J Irish University etlcatllion t is once more o tbe parliamuentary tapis. Mr. i Fawoett's billfor turning the Protestant Uni Sversity of Dfiblio into a theoretically infidel E institution brings the whole matter to the front once more. This Ibill was first instroduicatd into s the house of Conunons two or three yearSt ,tui. J and was read a second time last session; but s it was always epposed by the Goveri isent as s offering, iii their opiniosn, a wholly iasderluate s solstion of the difiienlty. Ar the beginning of t the present session it was introduced for the Sthird time, and the second lenditng of it was t fixed for Wednesday, Mr. Fawcett's intention L being not to go on with it at all if the Govern. i ment bill should prore satisfactory to hima and " should pnass. Tho Government bill having Sbeen unsatisfactory to him, and having failed t to pass, ho fell to working at Liit own, antid was e in full career when ho was sudldenly brought e to a stand-still by an Irish Liberal Isenmber Mr. Callan, M. P. for Dundalk. How this cause s about is shortly toll. Mr. Fawrett deterr:ineutl to make some changes in his bill, hIut. instead of waiting to do so until it had pasised rite see oend reading and got into cnumoiLtte, he madtle them before thie day fixed for the secondt read ing. aad he issued his bill so changed as the bill he had got the House to, tead the tirat tiise a few weeks previously. Mr. Callan dtletecltel the dillirence, called the Speaker's attention i to it, and, finally, got that tneltiounary to do i cide that the bill could not be proceedeld with, I but must be reintroduced. The effc-t of thus I would be-on the suppositionI that the Go.vern ment would oppose the ujll-to shelve it for the session, for althoegh Mr. Fawcott issigsht istrive to go on, he would inot probably sisid time tinder the rules of the iouse. lint Ihereo sthe Government proposedl that if hle woulList 1consent to sacrifice all the other clauses but. those abolishing tests in4Dublii Univursit y anmd Trinity Collegh, they wotld supplort 1im v and undertake to liud a day foir tit,. lie closedt e with the otiller, and stow it is very piolbaltle, s nay, certaio, that the cluses will liecoimieti law. - The Irish Liberal members ha-ve opposed, and I will continue to oppose, all and every part of the uteasuro-becauso all and every part of it is devised in the interests of secular education sand infidelity, and because the passing of all and overgt part of it wouldl probably delay a Ssatisfactory settlement of the question. There was an inmportant meeting of the Houte Govornment Association on Friday night i last, but I cannot now say more about it than s that several netw nUd important accessions Swere announcedi at it. Amongst those who r have just joined the Association. are Mr. Mit I chell henry, i1. P.. (county Galway), Mr. Dela bhunty, M. P., (\Vatcrfitrcl city), and several Satholic clergytuen front Meath and Westford J. J. t. tIf, ciia tte utithern Magazine fcr lay.l Gleanings from lien. Sherman's Dispatches. Those tllil;, l1 isecly-bound octaves, printed on soft an11 i rit lir dlingv paper, which Con. g'regss publ!ishe a:tad distributes tinder the name of Public DocistieutI, anre not generally considered very entertaiuining reading. lint tthete are exceptions; and one of these is the Re port u' tSie Joint Ciniulittee of Congressmen tttI the Condluet of the War. Iuateetd, coin Stparecd with such mild pastorals as "Sonio Ac Scount of the Cheese Manufactiure it Central - New York,".sr '' Remarks on the Cultivation r of Alfalfa in Western Tennessee," it is quite Ssluridly anetsatiottal, at1in in parts reminds us of S(those striking Reports o1 the I)Duke of Alva to , his royal master, which have been disinterred I in the dusty archlives of Simancas. As s study of Congressional nature, military Snature, and humant nature generally in its least I attractive aspects, these eight stout volunies are richly wnorth perusal. Here the reader is allowedi to peelp behind the scenes of tlhat for tentous tira nun; Ihre he may see the threads ol thie itt''iiuis that centred its Washington; -stay hear ai itty niewspaper correspondent demosin:::- i ait ass aiinimation that we can scaicdt i"a:.r-- .s to fi rvidi patriotism, the inca pacity, the ii:auratce, and even the doubtful Slova !ty ' tof slit, tet, marnder-in-chief; t(nay j se pirstrie tnaliguiiy asnd viudictivenees put ting on graitid R Inti i airs, and whispering de latorsi lrapi-ing: :lethisslvis in the toga of lias tus. Howeveir, it is not witlls these aspects of the Report that we at present have to do, but 'swilt the dispatchles of General Slerrian oni Ihias march through (Georagia and Southi Carolita. 1 A great deal of fiction, and some verse. Wa r believe, li;ve been written about this tfunoue march or grand foray; but Ihere we have the plain matter-of-fact statenment of thir:gs sat they were, and they fiorm a luminous ill-istra r tion of the aldvance of civilization in tihe s nineteentlh centnry as exnemplified in the cus s duct of invasions, showing how modlern tihi lanthropy tand hnnlanitarianism, awhlile oc knowledging that fur the present, nsar is a no cevssary evil, still st rie tio mitigate its Ihorrors siand spare all avoidablle ssftis-ring to non-com Isatsanta. kr lhis pirpose we have thnotght it worrth while to replroiduci a fc:v of the mIist stritsing ,.xtract-s, i ;s:- s sin i- nit-ti, his lspirit and his wsit. A kind of key-isoLt' is t. - 1 ':" ptttch to Gensertal Stonema', , . :', i, after ordering hint to pi , "i . I strong," ends with the words. ' ."'i.: ever 1-revisios anss plundi e sier e o c:a. (In June 3, the ultestion of torpeil1.( is - cussed, and General Stidlman receive. t :e -. slowing instructions: " If torpedoes are ti.i. I in tlhoe osscssion of ian enemy to outr isar, }yui nmay cause them to be Iput on the groiunt nssl tested by wuigots-loasls of lirisosers, osi, if sit-eat -be Isy citizens itlmilicatetl in their ussi. Its lihe manner, if a tnrtsedoe is sitapeiteit s-s any - part of the railroatl, order the pIsitit ti, he tes ted by a car-load of prisonors or citizens snsi plicated, drawn Sy a long riipi ' " Inplica tod" weunpospoce here means resilisig or cap tured in the neighbtrhood." On July 7, we have an iiterestiiig dispastcel to Gen. Garrard on the subject of trie destrsc tion of the factories at Itosawell. "Their ut ter destroctioun is right, and imeets sIsy Untitre approval; and to make thenmatter coc-plote, you will arrest the owners and employees and send them under guard, charged with treasout, to Marietts, and I will see as to any nman its America hoisting the French flag, and then de voting his labor snd capital to supplying ar mles in open hsostility.to our goverumuenit, and claiming the benefit of his neutral flag. Should you, under the impulse of anger, natural at contemplating such pertidy, hang the wretch, I approve the act beforehand. . . . I re peat my orders that yon arrest all'people, male and female, connected with those sactories, no matter what the clamor. and let them foot it, under guard, to Marietta, whence I will send theut by cars to the north. DIest rciy nua mlsnake the sittie diapositionat of all inills, sasvn s-!a Llsurass usd1-u tsis manilestly ipr hial sloe; bitt all saw wills assi le-trittas sloispse iaf clleattas!ty. nstu useifsl 1 latimrrs, tcast -cd bty sstint of thatir skill as sImanuttcturers, from cnIIsscruptisaii, aire as siaucit lirisnasters as ii if armari.' On liths sanino duty tie further oslaarge-s s osn this nitiject itS a dispatch to tiun. Iall-cik: " Gen. Garrardr reports to ous that hie is inl possession of Reoseall, where were several very valuable cotton and wool factories tu lull operation, also paper-mills, all of which, by ay rder, Ie dcesycd by fire. They had been '~~r·r ave. aa. "a - - Vll i iMLlIU a for years engagcd exclusively at work for tit r Confederato government; and the owner o y the woolen factory displayed the Freach flag t. ut as he failed also to show the United Statei a flar, Cen. Garrard burned it also. Thu mait 1 cotton factory was valned at a dtlion of Uai Sted States dollars. The cloth on hantid is re a served for tho use of the United States lhospi - tals; andl I have ordered Gen. Garrard to ar f rest for treason all owners an'd employees, for I eng anld native, and send themn to Marietta a wieae I will send them north. llHeing ecx - erupllt lfrom conscription, they are as naucth gov r erued by tlhe rules of war as if in the ranks r 'ite womeln can find empaloymuent in Indiana This whole region was dlevoted to masunfiato a ria's, but I will destroy every one of theml." 'Thelre are two points specially worth aaatic in this dispatclh. 'The first. that civic tahese 1 men or wolIen, by reason of sex, or otlherwisa, t are exemplt fron conscripltioan, tlhey are Itrere Sfore as munch subjhiect to the rules of war as it Il tahe raanks. Why inot tlo less violence to l.ag. Sic, anal state franakly, tlhat faactory.-hand: s were a il demandt it Illdianatp 'The anext point i j that the Itus-well lacaaries, whether Frencli f property or not, were dlestroyved because they a were mtaking cloth for t tie Conatederat,' guv s eranment, followaed presently by thi sicclara a tiona that every maunfactory iat that region shall lba destroveal, evidently withoult reter I uonce to its proualicts or their destination. Hlow r anch frankear it wortld hLave been to haye adlded i to his last senteuce, " and thus get rid of sa a amany comnpetitors to the factoriesof tlhe Nortlh. t ThI South maost leCarnI that while she Umay beaa the Ulaandea of protective taritfs, she amust not Spresunae to share their benefits. Another dis I pat:ll to leu. IHalleck, of Jaly t, agail refers I to these factories. Alter saferriag to the Eng lilsh anld Frenlch ownerstalip comeso this re:mark: t " I take it a neutral is no better than on, of Sour ow'; citizens, anal we wonld ntu respect a the proplerty of one of our own citizetns , engaged I supaalytlung a lhustilo alrmy." 'Tis is 1 the kited of logic proverbially used Lby the auhs a ter, lf legion-a. A dispaitch to General Hlalleek of July 1:3. Sivd rim r . erlanari's oapiaios ofu' te it great l tatn phrIlanthropaic iastitaatiotn. Spaeaki g of " fetllaws hanaging aibout" the army, lt' says, SThe Sanuitary andtl Clhristian Corn suaisioans are eIaaough to er:alic:at a allt trace of Chrittiaanity il arintar ma snarls." .nlly 11, to dic.e.1. E. Smith, at Alatoona. "it ynoua telrtain a bare suspicio: against any faaualy, secud it to the north. Any loafer or sus apit ama person seen at any time, shonldl be ian I 'risolaaad and scut ofi: If guerillus trouble the I roadl ar wires, they shoIuld be shot without mercy." Sept. 8. To Gen. 1ebater, after the capture of Atlanta: "Don't let aay citizens come to Atlanta; not one. I wep't allow trade or man ufacturos of any kind, hut will remove all the I present population, atnd make Atlanta a pure I military town." To Gen. Halleck he writes, " I am not willing to have Atlanta encumber ed bly the families of our edbanies." Of this I wholesale depopulation, Gen. hood complain ed, by flag of truce, as cruet and contrary to the usages of civilized nations, and custome I of war, receiving this courteous and gentle Smanly reply (Sept. 12)-"'I think I understamnl the laws of civilized nations, and 'the customs of war'; but if at a loss at any timae, I know I where to seek for information to refresh my m mmory. Gen. Hood made the correspondence, or part ol it, publia, ont which fact Gen.Shermnan remaarks to Gen. Halleck, " Of course he is welcome, for the aaoru he arouses the indignation of the Soutlhern masses, the bigger will be the pill of I bitterness they will have to swallow." About the maaddle of September, Geu. Sher Sman, tbeing still at Atlanta, endeavored to Sopean private coaunaaaic:ation with Gov. Brown Sanal Lice-Presidleat Stephlens, whomn he knew - to be at varianaae e. itll, thl Adlainaistraation at 1 ltichmnondl on cert.ai paoi ats of public policy. - MIr. Stelphelns refusedl to reply to a verbal maaes sage, but wrote to Mr. King. the iantlrnaaediary, I that if the General would say t i.: taacre was I any prospect of their agreeing aupon " terms Sto be submitted to the action of their respect Sivo governments," helao wul us reqluested visit a him at Atlanta. The motives urgedl ly Mr. I King were General Sheruana's extrelme desiare for peace, and to hit ''" upon soa plaua of ter Sminating this fratricidal l war without the far t ther cllaasion of bloud." Buit ian Gen. Shlaer ma tn' dispatcah af S'pt. 1:, to Mr. Linceoli, re a ferriug to thcto atta-apteal naegotiations, the humauita ijaan point of view is scarcely so a proumineaat. Ite says, " It would he ma auagniti cent stroke aof aolicy if I couldl, witlhout sur Sreialering a foot of groaund or of principle, aruonsu tohe latcat enumity of Davis of Geor' tOn Oct. 2I, lhe writes to (Gea. Thouaas froai r Siaaarerviol', givinlg aan idea of his plan of op- eratians. " (lit of the forcaes now here andl at Atlltte. i proporase to orgalize an etlicient ar . iy of sa,000 ttha a at,,aa nac, witlh which I pro pi"sc to destroy Macon, Augusta, and it uilay be Savannah and1 Charleston. By this I ptrop.e t to demsaoaaatreal tlti vnluerabili~y of the Soutlh, Saaal atake its inhabitaats feel that war anad in iivcia il raiiu arie syanyiuous terms." I)Despatclh of Oct. 2t2 to (en.. Grant. " I amI now peurfectiug arrangcements to put into T'en a nessee a force ableo to hold the line of the a 'fennessece, while I break up the railroadl in front of iarlton, including the city of Atlanta Sand push into Georgia and break up all its railroalds atd deplots, ciapture its horses and negroues, nake desolation everywhere; destroy . the factories at Macou, Milledgeville, and Au gusta; anltii bng up with 611,000 non on the a sea-shoare about vannah or Charleston." To Gn. Thoum fromn Kingston, Nov. 11. I"Last night we tarnet Itoine, and in two more days will hurts Atlanta," (which he was Sthen ocuapying ) Dec.. ' " :ilaru can burn the brilg andill Scalveats, and burn ao-' aah haatis to nark taae ji prgres- oft his head of eaoluiain." )aci. 1'. 1t Geu. Grant, lrumaa near Savait tab. 'Wial Savannah its our polsessiou, at stoit fat 1' re tiaae, if nut una'w, we can a p ailsh S.aita Caro itnaita as oshe ala;vea s, aand aa talus :ii , .."I i(n Geltiga Lope w, will ldo. I t1.. "j-a,... lie', tiat the wlraaa Unitcal a. : -autaa ouaald rcejaice to have j t.., I. .. - io.u.e nli s h a iolt r aolina, to alata as. . at Shalt iin that maaniaar we-a havia dotie ica It-tgiaa.' A liti a aa' a I anoanaa wa to Secre tary Stiaa . wn. ha.. i. tat paeoplal of ie SOuathi aart a. :: I Weat t, at a, air read ers suappose ? ToiavageaaN 1 Norat wuth sworal and fire, itud crush :cta ndai er their heel? Surely it iust t aiie set .uc ataliusiaan that in spires thi ferocity of lacrreal, niamitigateal by even a word of cmapassiui. ie may speak for himeelf: "iJeft Davis has succeeded tier. fcctty in inspiring hal lpeaule with t the rattla that liberty and gaavernmieaant are worth fight ing fur." This was their aaaaaratanable crime. le. .' t en . 22, "to ci Cral. If you can olaad Lee, I could go 00 ana sniasha ciaaaha Uarolatus O Gee. Halleck writes: "Shbiit you capature Cltarleston, I hoiae that by sauaaaa accident the palace may be destroyed; aaad it a tittle salt should le eowna upon its ita , it ainy prev eat the growth' o1 fatareeroaps of maullifica taun and aneceaasion. . To this Gen. Shoraian replies, Daec. StI. aThiis war daflers froma European wars in this partic uiler-we iae not oaly lighting laosalaa taramies, bait a hotic i alaa.paale ; oal niust maake otld anda yaioa, iit aaa titer, feel thai lairi I.aaa a waa as nell ataeairaigaaa at.iL armiae-. " al: aaaaaaal sour hiatt ca ta (iithe a at a Io atai- ttaank ' ealt' naill I. tare s-iy. 'W'aiai I aaaa:e, the 13itiea,..-ts wiltl,, ata Cnt. rialat taf thaught. winai, naaa their pone still hliirtg then iitaatairtatlei taatChaiatetan tia.-t;aaut a ialao have studiaica tn lhisciry aif thuat cairlas. yos teal Iha- rimaikeal that t iaay getierally alo the rw woak ati ta,.tty welt. 'Thle traiti is, I le whaule unlay a-a taucaing with an ianast~a shia do IIsire to wreak venageauce sapon 8seth (2arsaina. '11 almost tremiatle fair her fate, bet feel that she Ideserves all Ilast seeins in store fet her. " ý.+. ntYiai+""1111$ vvtýJ aaa 1 aa be " I look upon Columbia as quite as bad as of Charleston, and I doubt if we shall spsro the Spublic buildings there as we did at Milledge es vill." in And now we look with interest for the dis i- patches that would settle the vexed question e- as to whether Sherman, or bin oilcers acting i- under his orders, burned Solunabia ns the 17th r- of February. Unfortunately, a atornial (ov r- erunaent, ont thinking It good that thn trluth n, shonuld be known, has apprrresrd all the dis c- patches bIetween tihe II;th andi the 21st. and .- every other allusion to she transaction. a. On the 2:ld he w'rites to Gen. Kilpiatrick; a "Let the whole peoplel knowt tlhat the war is a- now against themi, bLIcus,. their armnires le bo 'ore us ttit don,,: defend their cuotitry or -e frontier as theyh sh.,s,lt. It it pretty lontselnse o for 1tVteeler :toiel .Its 1 ,ri:cn trd, anlr such, vain e, lieres t". I. tof our ,S Sting ttgainit woolen rt and clslilrt'n. It ithe laint to Ile mten they if slould detend thie ii wean anttd .ltildmen, and j prevent i1 reitchn I th ir h l ulles*" c' If, therefore, tit .runt tlefenditg their conn is try can1 previ't itvadt 1eV. frinll reachilng tlheir It houles atid ltItls,. lithe latter have a right to y that protectiol; hlut if te invadtlers can break Sthrough and re:alt these homes, they are justi u lied ill destroyillg rnetnllu and clelhillrelln. Cer n tatily thin is a glMat tadrntce tu the doctrine r- and1 practicu oit the ldarlk ages. w Anlother exr orltrilatry nmoral cotisoqluence d tlows froun this ialntlicieucy of the defenuce: o "If tlhe enemy fails to defulindlis country, we " lmay rightfully lpprophriitc w at wen vat." It Here now is a nice question of martial law or it casuistry, solvetd With the iiumpliciy oft an ai - clenlt urnman. In otlhtr words, " Whenl iln tlhe a enemly's country, the armty shltl be strictly :- careful niot t $liz,. c:lSlpture, or lapproprliate to : military or utis'ate u.,",stiru property--that it ,f cannot get!" t1111 It iiitllt: lit isIself would t have rI-spe it,-t that gt-turall oilet. is "They I[II,, Sintturen peopl htveI tInstall is title to prrt"t)t, tiandl can losit hilut ing nlt nI a. ready forferlted." What, nIotlhig it? Iot lnre ly the houses Wa 1:l it built, the 1 aliii we had I tilled, the ehuIllehs Wi w t orshijltd il-hud we t forfited the right to tiriuk lt' tlhe streams, to r bohold the suit, t, breathe the free air of hea venu What ulllleard-of, what inconceivable u crime had we otninitted that thus closed every gate of mlercy atlt COimpassion ngainet us, and provoked tu utterance which has but one par allel -the death-warrant signed by Philip II. Sagainst the Netherlanlders? Cebl. Sherlilan has himself told us what It wts: we bud dared to _ act on "the trluth that liberty and govetlrnmelt e are worth lighting for." t On March 15 he writes to Gen. Gilltuore, ad visitlg him to draw forces from Charleston and SSavaunah (both then in Federal hands) to de- ' o stroy a railroad, etc. As to the garrisons of St!'ttss IplIcs I ldon't feel disposed to be over c cnru t antd should not hesitate to burn Sa e va:ntai, C'harleston and Wilmington, or either of them, if thie garrisons were needed." 1 ' Such are somen of the resultsof our gleanings in this field. Is it any wonder that after read- l s them, we fervenoutly echo Gen. Sherman's do Sout aspiration: I do wish the fine race of men that people our Northern States should rule and determine the future destiny of Awe dricae" It. sI Fanny Fern says: "I am inclined to think ° that gossips, male anl female, do not begin by ' being mlalicious. This is the way it happens: their minds being uniuformed and uneulti vated, and their own lives meagre and barren ' of interest, they naturally fall to watching ' those about themn, to see if they cannot extract .a little pleasurable excitement from the aon templation of their neighbors. This taste r- "grows by what it feteds on," and lacking the o element of thIe marvelous at any time, what n easier than for thelm to supply it, and make Sthe story a round one at any sacrifice? In pro t portion as the mind is cultivated, thiigs, not persons, engage its attention. 1ad womlen as many resources as nmen, femnale gossips would b he scarce in proportion. Mothers, not only for Sthis, but for other obvious reasons, should early cultivate a taste fotr readillg inl their i daughters. A yonug girl has tlhen a resouorce ti against lthe corrodinug rust of llunempllloSed t hours, not only in yontlh, but in her old age, if llunsurroulided by dotmestic ties. She need not c tlhen be agape for every bit of scandlal, or etnt ploy Iher time rltuning about to collect lumaterial i for it tmanufhacturn. She can "select her com pi5ny then of the host, and dismiss them and '-recall theft at her pleasure, without otience. e Abovo all, she will hbe dignilied, and be itdo i pendent iof excitetentt and vacnity. Trhe oltlowing beautiful andti instrustive n. ecdt is irelatedtl in the antobiogrJaply of lltriet IK. IIunt, of Boston, wlho, in the n earlier part of hier life, kept a school for - chlildren at tlhe old '"north end," A "cousin t of mine, in Clhrlestown having passed a way, it hcamie proper that I ahouldl attend her funeral. It was school aft-rnoon. I e did not disnmiss the scholarse, and, as they dislikedl a luonitor, I hit uponl the following . plan of leaving them : I plact.d in the chair the large old-fashiorned slate (it bad beel In my father's), wrote on it tihe Inames of the - sclholars in the order in which they sat, e and arranged the needle-nwork and read ' ing (for I always had some interesting SwOIrk read alou by soue elder pupil d every afternoon), and then said : Now, Smy chlildren, whilen thei clock strikes live . leave your seats ldenrly ; go to my e chair, iandl place on the sa.to liy ei-rls of your names a iunit for good behlavior andi a croses for hadi. Wlhet I returin, I o slkill Inxiously look at thi, slate, and it s the nIlcn:iung, when iyou irE assetibled, I 11 wil read thit list; but I trusf in you !' "On Smy return, I visited the school room, and found ibut one cross on thie Plate, and that - I where I least exipected to find it-appended t to tli utiinl: of a beautiflll, bright, brave, h child, n ho then pronlised much fr teit Iw iw d, thi fact of having tich parents be S i-ug ter gtiatrst drawback. She was the lIst child in the Ecbosol I 0houlil have I Ithought capable of aty ltisconduct. Well 3 the next morning came; the list was read '2 it proved truthful; but when I came to this atim111 1 sail : 'My d-ar child, you S unist explain. Why is this? WhIat did you do?' Looking up to mo wvitli those soulful I eyes and apeaking with a soulful tone, a which ever made her an object of sacred I interist, she replied: 'I laughed aloud; I ltcl'hdmll 011or0 than once; I couldn't help I it Iicanse a slate was keeping school.'5 :I e ialnylvaniaSenatecontainal9la- . ( , -I lirluers, 1 manouscturer, leditor, I p .miter, I doctor, I banker, I conveyancer, 1 miiler, I iron worker, 2 merchants, and I J "utlimanll." T'he lIouse of Represen- 3 tat, ce is c posed if 2!) lawyers, Ih farm eta, I'rI-irc It t, i gentlemi n," 5 doe- a tort, I lilubel ills .t real estate agents. 2 editors, I cmat..- 2 uanoufactures, 2 coal olieratt) rs*, Cu . , I awOIng maker, I sI no-chanie, I initue, I stone cutter, 1 bhrew, w esaddlor, I jioliticiah, 1 machinist, I blckslmithl, I bookeeper, 1 railroad con II rator, I pri ontr-, I tolstCeittist, I iron worest,, I phluit ter, I biseklayer, I hioat bist Str, I mue oh; engineer, tonl I fbaaku-. IHI is- is iiotw ss Yltlksl1 .-s- y ti Ishsos-id his I frtul Ut.o wIi i5, hto tep nically witty. The gas- 111 15 kr iit.' nTLI iS t lo(I o es -=-*, VTssto Jow, ti it vwhsrs .h ils soir ). where. Yunl likre." "Vecry weFLl,") said theC j Yankee, coal patting it nuder hi. arm, ,"fuess I had beat cut 1S at bts' -is----~ - -~- -- -----.----- - i------ ----- ·- l J. C. TILTON, PITTSBURG, PA. ,. WOMAN'S FRIEND AND STEAM WASHERt. u ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND SOLD. t 'WILL CLENSE YOUR OLOTIIES WITHOUT RUBBING. EVERY ONE SOLD IS FULLY WARRANTED. r NO FLUIDS OR EXTRA SOAP USED. e t IT:thNSUtMES LESS SOAI, LESS TIIw AN) LESSI FPUEL TIAN TlE USo 7. uSTUOD. It save Latter. \Verer and Tear. anrdl the Alnntoyan a.' Washlday. It reqnirte no attention while the ppo'ee of elasansl 1 gor e. It will so tle 'vleii of thne nI'agy while you are eaoling brIaime maas d deun on dilehe. r Srtau ham loon breu knownas il rt mo it therti agent Ln reumoving dlirt. greoe nd elain tn rom ce'othlng ad b.leaching threm white. 'apermoaherar have tor mIany year neCIe 'teani In cleaning and blsaehim thstr rage. sa they co ret ed in making, by lti wagrcy, the filthiet pnkig fromer the uttilrr IerfeetIy pure and white. oiil hb. t idvenlirn oi the ST1AM WAS IIEIt or WO OIAN M FRItE) D aithongh olfen attempted. nos etbe 4b ba r drlinnrcrrd of aplrlying Steiatr directly to the lotihing which nould he sail in a portmrie manner for dameeh r orpore The vUMAS FtIEND warhes without labor. It will d the waainQof "orinayfaU i k ron an k . The STEAM WASER in superiar to all other dar ..or th. f p d n It dres its own work, thereby Seing alage portion of the tire nually tlaken In a famnly. u. it ut.nruch tees etrap then is requtirted b ay other mothod. : It adquirrn tinu attyntoI whatover while the proire of cleaning is going on. A ilady anl o her washingt wliln eh in eating her breakfmat mnd doleng uip the breakfast dIlihes. 4 Cloth wear.ldiriouble the time,. washed In this Washer, than it will wasbed y a nmachine. er by hand. u labor or s wnn ·board. 5. lace Currlain. mardt at!ine fabrics are rasrod in a spenrier manner. For Flannels this Wadar im meet e rleiratrle.as it will not Inol them, as a machine or hanierbhlb0g dooe. All fabric., &om the neal lace to a bed, blonkrt, con he washed perfectly ard rtwith eae without the rubbnlgnhoanl. r IT IS TflULY A LABOR AND CLOTHES SAVING INVENTION. w ItmEAI TUE FOLLOWING TESTIMONiALe thIe STEAM WASIIING )ItAtIINE. mold by Mr. Ei. I. hyes. havlengeen nued instir Lanrdry foma me tint., we can cn~clentiotlsl recommend it ma being in every reapect all that it. inventor elaime. St. Aiphonerr' Convent of dorcy. March 13, 1k71. 'rug axwrgits OF MERCY. flaring had in nan fnr several weeks the STEAM WVASIEiR ot WOMAN'S RItEND in my bah e. ms? 1 gratlifid tobe able to say that it. performence has given great eetiifaetion. Iie advnmtagee ac ttpfoid leas touch ma it both greatly lightens tbe labor of washing, and it aleoaliuroda a material mating in the weart obfdiee. 1 whicb is necirrrily great in aiy procena of rubbieg. It is certaInly etrierlor to every other eontrivamoe whlk I have seen adoptrd Ia ordinary husoeholdt nos. it. 8I. FlultgICx, Mt. D~ March 2, /tali. e422 Dryadea street. I have ned the STEAM WASHERI catlledt the WOMAN'S FIREND and tem perfectlyyastlsfethat it wit od oil that Mr. IlMyce claine fir it. It is Cruly d I abor~e~mln1 Ivrention. Dfn53, LALEXNDER u March 14, is i. C orner JIaronna And Erto atru~ The ST'EAM WASIIFU or WOMAN'S F-IIIEND I tlnd aeroprllshcr all trin promIsed for it, and deomud he in ever~y famly.fiS. WlJiL. irnsr Nraw Orlenoe, March ;,I 173 CIt, iSTlo. 1151. and Coliseuree treyts. I Anil many othura of ourr citiernos. [j' r'aliak and Crunty Igiht'Is lorealrr. Agert. in tire country wanited, S. ril ftr rlrcular ard epecial terms. R. It. HfAYES, General Agent. f I' Manrfsctlrcrrel amid frrr wile by 0. W. WV. GOODWYN, NO. fi tii AVIER STRIET, NEW ORILEANS. mta~lt - ---- - b3I OR~ly~5bhNM. ,,s, ' . BOOKS APID STATIOflERY. JANU;ARY 1, 1873~. IVISOW, BLAKEMAlN, 'AYL.OEI &~ CO). loviteths attsatlo. of Tachebra rsn ie! ther, ioltarot~cd to thle .l~owloi~ NEW 800KS. I. SWiNTsoN' wolrtD DOOK OF PEf'l.LING. 2. AN ELEMEENTARY MAnNUAL O1r (:I1EUt1S'r:Y -Aheridged from Eliot Stre~r. 3. St~'ECEBIAN DRAWfINGfOtZo~I. 4l. f:~lAMIIL AMONG WOIWI! For Looi~ojat~i~aiasasipp:i AI..t..oui aoll Toom.. ad. drains TIMIOThY MIORONEY,. I bILA! A) ONT, No. ~) Camp Street, aD bCm Now O~rleans UNrsEcInoAl SCHOOL Roo~is. CHEAPEST, 3EST, aztd MOST EDZA~!FUL NEJIIEB NYOWf .PUIlLISRfB), An a~ bet I' , oscia tic' &tlroiii lSedec~ hIrouqhout 14a Mclil.. Itt L U..leor~lty ?-le"o..'~r aabe IIIalraa I Manurysn ograjlhical Semalcs. I.e eoemro'Ore 21. T'. May'~. eI tlie V(.~ls ~la f Iaei~,.i. $i:aple. a!!eutte a.! SPllI,,.wupoal n jtret lght atlIdI · asantdy ralloflotcrelrt. Hoiwebi' Readcrit aild Spe~ler. Irr r..l sl),cloqctlo.- l.,o;(Jyrhl n.E...IectCc Veuablcit ArlthmcthatP ~edrre. ll cE~I.,,les R. Veeble I I. P. leetesoretnrn IJhnaisla, a tie t,.I.l .e w y In tl~leed,~l*..la lai en.. JIoluics' h1story of the United Stales. Ttc e r.ly lIll.ta.T of *,o !,.Medl Stal. rH I. r,..lyi/,anittil~nt. lt CaOednw,,!nO h.,e,.entdal,. I'leact eebo,l~ea., sel~a eaau he (be mjoW~hD ioe by tIeric Iel·idea.* aid coollloed Is . (bole adttlesbio cod.tl·~ eattly *ne·.·' tnrinaertcl.t af (be tn~cia.,. toel,. earecfa .,,,ai~.n lao. ~ibeodl Ioro~ a..do fra Into,~ I~r.azs roe ILLca~t~cee ~*AlataGIIE. Faro UIveer~it7· Purblizhig Company, 162 am.! 1117 Crosby St., 1lewr tork. or 58 Iezln.llIon Sit.. Baltmore. W. WIZVlNC CLAIIKE, (: to!r Ag,,.!, No. Id· CA)!!1 STI'I(EET. lrAS. A. URLBSlAMI. S,,t, Aaeent. ,nol7 to N.I' 1l! 3III1 HAR DWARE--STOVES--COOPERAGE. J. S. AITKE\4 a .uN:, 236.... _-..- 1'c(iJt'L1o)CLAYt A11: / -.'r-........23 Iron, ~rr .";, Copper, L'raev T.,-ad Galvrnt!e.1 :}".I ke X~ajJ.'. But, zo.r. foaga an.: Corupoeitlon, Sbfo Hard ware. BluIII.r.-' :l!am ware and Fire Grates. Tmc:,mltau' anu Ifono 3ti' -trItoll.. Toesther wish the greatont varietv ,f evtery deocrlptfos. of' fcMbaulcf' Tr.Io .,d IIf.~f..f. tf, he found In tii. South. at reannahln t llretr. fey , IT G. PITAHJ4 IuI-A!.t if Buildert' Hardware, Grat-ti atrnl Mitntela. I ArN~rs OTI , vAP..YfS ;. T.-;'.1'I: TIWE WINDOW GLAS·I aol ',. 1..L PA PER. 349............ C-unni td Str.tr._. .. -........ mvl4 la t' ., ~,~",. tre `vALTtfN. DAVIS a ffduE KtI VV A'CTloNELU ,:~ Brokers, d.tttd Gr~nerat Opfefat'fx in LReai E~ct.ttt , 3r).............CarnpS, rce..tf.............4.U mncelJl-: t', ul,llc· ":. l: rL : I l.".·.. ee I,w-l!l uý;e ttlr r. v, Ilurtftoleu. "" - 'I 1 - BRA R mb30 las unhIG Im UNDERTAKERS-BUILDERS.-PAINTERS. J. LINCOLN I-(ai-n a - REMOVES ALL K ONDS OF BUILDINOS, Offile, tie Robin ecre. O Sount nnleatlo na ahuld be addre ed to Ioe IOU, Meohanic.' and Tradlers' Excohage, corner HI. OauibL and Cravier streets. New Orleans. Conntry orders nroennithttendad to e9 I' ZSuý JOIrNSON 1N DERtTA KER, 20L and 207 Magazine street, New les.an.. Metallic Cases and Caskets of all kiL.ds. Rosewood Mahogany nd pla Co Cfins. ilodies embalmed, die Intesrre and carefully shipped. Orders by telegraph or lotertr pr'osptly attended to. Pricce aiways reaeonablo. Printed directton sent with eAchcaeo. jan19 73-ly C. DILLON, CARPE.NTER AND IUILDER, 211 Caroadelet street, Box 906 Mechanki ExEoange New Orleana. Jobbing promptly attenaded to. 0*15 7 TOHN GItAYRII. PROPRRrjTOlt OF PncEmn N TABLEt and UND tTA ,R 130 ad 37 Elysian Fields street, o posite l'ontchartrain lallroad, l'hid Dis~trict. NowOtieana. Carriepen, Iarouches, 2tu le and Saddlo eHone. to hire. Iorses bonhg.oiflsand kept on lvery. at-stt Metallc Bllrnl Usnee Mahobeany. lllaek Wainutand Plain uCoffins alwavon hand. onse rnl nttended to by the proprietor, wlho opes, by strict attention to bliuease, to obtaln a shatr or publio pa tronage. lvid't Iv BOOTS AND SHOES-HATS. D. nUI(I.EY, FASHI[ONAI5LE 11A1' ANJI C.1 A- 01CE, 1712...........d.iJ.' I·an 8t r(-g. ..I -..115 Inwtwoen St. CbirlIa and ('u~ron.lrlt. New 'hrlouns. Couatantll on hans~d alar* ;,orurhlelltof V'h. IC t (jA of 1I1I Irtne l.ylo. Alen,. Silki and Cawdmore (late. ChiI.Irou, F'nnv CA PS. 74d ?vIw jO j1SI1ANA HAT h1ANUIAC'Oint1 41I.'t IIlI K., I'tACTICAI Ki. I 1rh:K:, (SIcuccenor to A. Megpipallr.j ll . ... 1S'1. CIKAUTr.ER S'I BIC°.B1'... ........LU Kinder Mnrphy'n Hotel. Mew Orlbiano T'rnona* altentIon pall to all urler.. Keel. OoU *tnutl on handna rIhnr.e .,tne-t,,* I'mo nr37T2 Iy COAL AND WOOD. J J. CLAR E, WOOD) AND C(OAL MERIC-ILW., Oflico corner Julia and D)ryndca itroote. Anl Corner Libelry wad Jolla rceto, C. I:1. .Mochanice and A'rr.er' kncscn e, Now Orleans. Dealer in Wor)d and Coal, lrtfIks, Man,'. Line, Cement, tl'lnotr Ilalr, I.atha. Siai le. Oak. Ash and Pine nood, LtoaI ead Charcoal. wholesale so d retail at the lowest mnark.t rates. Oi'd.rrs filled and steamboats nai ,pled at short notion. WiG Sm JAMES COIRLCORA N, liALER IN OAlKi, ASH, ANI 1'11N: OOD, A LIA%, SAND, SIILI.-, ETC, Spippled no troe Msct RLearoanlrte Terniro. Ii,. "iPS NEW BASlIN, Julia Street Larding. noi Sin Nliw Orlhans. CISTERN MAKERS. RCLIAC 1 I) IODERICK, CISTERIN MAKEIR, 11 .............Julia Street.......... ..1 Pctween ;,Cnop aed Aaga.ineo, New Orias,+. Sofiod-1snd ('lctunr ajw. on hanl. AM work agonrantoed. Loukboun 10, btM anic' aud Dealers' $. L _ ieb lG l~ ly f) A. MURRAY. CJS'TERtN MAKEE, 191 M3gazino street, Icte eet. J..lia and St. Joseph ate .) NEW Oltl.r~na. All wrork warranted to give eultse eatiafsotlon. All kinds of Cisterns made to order and repaired. Orders promptly attended to. A lot of Cisterns made of the best materlal aad workmanshIp kept eeM* etaitly on hand. ad ter sat. a rca to suit the times. Jatl v1 rfHOB. E. M lI1ITH'd VARIETY WVOOD WORKLS, rCIsTERN MANFTACTOEY. 1.4... St. Joseph Mtreet...l14 1.0W UAL505. Lumber )ressing.l Ecroll Faw:ng. Wood Work . etc.. oet.. Stair and oallery ealotes w, Newe!s and Mouldinin.. Conetantly on Lhad ani at prices coult Ihe timne N. Ii.-Doo, 0sh., Blinds and COleontLsa toads Ia cedrr. K. BAILEY, .2.---.--c.... cANAL W'SRElT..... ....... VI NEGA R. , a.' w ry ImrA5sLsUa 3 1ass - er