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Morning Star and Catholic Messenger.
W 0oS LeAJ, BIUNDAY., .UOUST it. 165. The Principles of 1789 In France and Spain. The Athoistle Republio continues to progress in Spain, and it seems that Spanish petrolcurs are in no respect unworthy of their French brethren. The horrible outrages and incen diarism at Alcoy recall the deeds of the Paris Commune, and although the telegrams from Madrid, inspired by the Pi y Margal Govern ment, seek to convey that these atrocities form an isolated case, the details which are publish ed in the Spanish press of all shades of opinion, prove that at Cadia, Malaga and Seville, not to mention Carthagonua and Barcelona, as iunf mouns deeds have been perpetrated, and anarchy is almost comnplete. The mearch of some bat talions of troops against Alecoy has turned out to be little nore than a pilitary promeaudo, in the sense that. Gen. Velarde has been unable or unwilling to inflict any punishment upon the insurgents. There appears to have been a nominal aurrender of the city on the condition of an entire amnesty, a condition which sulfi ciently proves the impotence of the itepubli can authorities to chasteis the worst excesses. The resolutions of the Cortes denounciug ven geance upon the Alcoy kssaseins are so much empty ganconado. Gen. Coutreras, lately Governor of Catalonia on behalf of the Madrid Ciovernmentv is now Governor of Carthegena against the Madrid Govern *ment. It is not improbable that we may hear of him next as Captain-General of Madrid by the appointment of the authorities he is opposing to-day. In fact, it is already evident that the Reds have gained the upper band in the Cortes as well as in the great cities. Pi y Margall, who was elected Dictator a fortnight ago by the votes of the more Con servative members of the Cortes, in order to present a firm front to the Red faction, has, as might have been expected from the antece dents of the tranatator of Proudhon, ratted to the Beds, and is endeavoring to form a Red Cabinet by the aid of the revolutionary ex deputies, whose re'rmiesnto was the signal for the outbreak in the South. The spectacle of the new Mianistry will be instructive. The Social t Pi y Msrgall, the blasphemous Saner y Cap de rvlle, ad the unscrupulous Esters. nue will be no bad representatives of the party which confiscates property, whieh aesassluates priests and deolies ehurches, and whihob trains soldiers of the stamp of the brutal mercena ries who ravage the hamlets of Navarre and Catalonia, but who surrender like sheep to raw guerrillas and half-armed peasants. Of course, the duration of Republieanism in Spain is impossible, though it may last long enough to make the ultimate recovery of the sountryin the highest degree tardy and diffi cult. The annual revenue of Spain in ordinary ciroumstances hardly exceeds £20,000,000, and the interest on the debt is computed to absorb £418,000,000 ofthat amount At present, how ever, the revenue is seareely collected at all, and the debt is being continually augmented by loans at enormous usury. Twelve months of Republicanism might be trusted to reduce the annual revenue of the State to £1,.000,000, and to raise the annual Interest on the State debt to £:k',wi,000. We can see nothing ahead for Spam accordingly but total financial collapse, even though total social collapse may be prevented by the rapid extension of the Carlist power, or by some unlikely revolution on behalf of the ex-Qoeen Isabella. Consider ing the manner in which the capitalists of the European Stock Exchanges-those gigantic "hails" which can deride the penalties re served for gambling of a lesser order-have encouraged the unscrupulous politicians who have brought Spain to its present condition, it will be somewhat hard to feel much com aniseratien for the disappointmeat in store for them. It may be as wrong to swindle a swin dler as to swindle anybody else, but we fancy that, nevertheless, the world will be more amused than horrified at the pusishment of the spculators srhoke gold has supplied meat sad drik, arms and ammunition, to the ban dits and freebooters who have ruined the coun try of the Cid. A good many European capi talists have put themselves, towards Spanish Revolutionists, pretty much in the same rela tion as the enterprising persons who advance the purchase moniss for 'jemmies" and skele ton-keys to certain classes of operators. We sospect that they are about to realize the risks - which it is to be presumed they allowed for in the calculation of their rates of interest. The "'modern civilization"condemned by the Sy' Zsbas has accepted the principles of 1749. Now aatlonal bankruptcy is a leading principle of the Revelation. !t will be a singular incon sIatency on the part of " modern civilization" If the impending bankruptcy of Spain is not appreciatod accordingly. Apparetly encouraged by the success of the Bevolntetppsopslganda in Spain the friends of citizens Oimbetta, Ilane, li.rodut and tihe like, redouble their exertions to re-introduce France to the seenes of the Fourth of Septem ber sand the Eighteenth of March. No oppor tauity eist by the partisans of dilsorder in the National Assembly to provoke disturbances which they hope will have the effect of lower ing the authority of the Legislature through out the country. M. Thiers is asserted to be the leding counsellor of this strategy al theo lie refrains from presenting himself in publio and from openly assuming the respon ablity for the acts of his clients and allies. He prefers, it seems, to play the part of "ehanm ber lawyer to the Revolution, and his organs in the press conduct themselves accordingly. Every time that a furious uproar has been pro wkedl by some nuderstrapper of the plot, no thing can exceed the grief of thie .ournal des D1ebs, the XIX.me btelede and the rest of the pseudo-moderate journals at the occurence. If we had only kept M. Thters," they sigh. Or they ask, ith virtuous indignation, " Is it not plain that the Assembly has outlived itselfl A Legislature which abandons Itself to such violence had better he dissolved with out delay." It may be acknowledged that the move, if unscrupulous, is not unskilful. A great part of its succes must, however, depend upon the means wbhich the Conservatives may adopt in order to counteract it. Plainly anything like concession would be thrown away on the band of fanatics and intriguers who profess to be marshalled under the united standards of AMt. Gambetta and Tblers. At the same time it is impossible to allow the Sovereign Legislature to be converted into a bull-rlag or bear-garden for the tdiversion of the gentlemen of the Ruo Grolees and similar loealities. The disrespect which has been shown to h. Buffet on repeated oocasions cannot be tolerated, unless the As sembly is to suffer hrom the slights showered upon Its Presiddent. It will be found to be ab Soloutely necessary to give the President full powes to order the removal of a deputy who prts in defying the Chair. When the Reds t disover that an attompt to overthrow the proper diselpline of Pariament is likely to be ollowed by prompt exclusion, and only to be a pardoned on ample apology, riotous behavior will be no longer at a premium. If the Right t are to govern France, the first lesson they must learn is that their opponenta understand no arguments save those of superior force, I and, however regretable is the recourse to force, whenever there is nio other remedy it should be unflinchingly applied. It is proba ble that with the exception of the adrid Cortes, the French Assembly is the only legis lative body in the world whose members are perfectly untrammeled by oath or obligation I of any kind. This is liberty enough in all conscience, without uperadding the liense of indecrum into the burga ding t. licenseI - .~--------I We see that Paocran & GanaLa'se ExTv a OIJ5 soAP is beeomtg very popular is our city, its quality we know is superior, sand bsen. nicely per fumed, we are nat.aurprtst that consume lree prr it, 1 and tst It ha s a large sale. t S At the request of several fries, and m an act of justice to General Beauregard, we copy, from the Lynchburg, Va. Reei, the following Letter trm s.. A. A. ly; EMBRACING 4 COMMUNICATION SOM QUW ERAL BEAURGOAR~, ZEPLAINING AZD D3FENDINO HIMs roITION. LrYNcIBuLO, July 26th, 1873. i To the Editors of thbe Petersbu Appeal sand Indox: Gcntlemen.-I find in your paper of to day, with your endorsement, an extract from the Raleigh, N. C., Bentinel, severely i commenting on General Ieauregard in connection with what is known as " uni t ilcatlon." I take the occasion to make u an appeal in behalf of my old commander, friend and comrade, against the condemna tion which is being heaped upon him by persons who do not understand his post tion and motives. I am lately in receipt of a letter from him, and I take the liberty of copying a portion of it. He says: " Like many others, you think that we I have time to wait, and allow matters to ad P just themselves quietly and gradually; ob t I can assure you that we are 'driven to f the wall," and are on our last legs.' No ore can realize our sad distress unless he f witness our condition. It makes one's s heart bleed to think of the poverty and ruin which are actually staring in the face. most of our best people. I do not speak t for myself and family for, thanks to my r professional reputation, I can manage to get along comfortably enough here or elsewhere, but I refer to those thousands of planters who have no other resource than their industry and knowledge of the 1 cultivation of the soil. Take away from them their plantations, and they will be r perfectly helpless. _ S" Our ' nification' movement may not take ' like a prairie fire,' but it will surely sucoeed qi this State when viewed in its proper light; for, after all, we only pro pose to ooord to the colored people the political and civil rights guaranteed to them by their Radical constitution on con I dition that they will aid us in getting rid of those vagabonds who have been plun dering us so unmercifully for the last five years. e "In advocating this plan I give up no principle and wish to part with no friends. I believe now, as I did when I fired the I first gun in 1861, and one of the last in b 1865, that the cause we upheld was a just and holy one; but we failed in our strug gle, were overpowered and conquered, and we have to submit to the old Gallic maxim m nalhcar au. rtaincs,~-I view onupresent , condition in its practical light. If I were u attacked by a set of highway robbers, and some negroes could come to my assistance, i ought I refuse their aid because they are y colored people? No, indeed! I would ac e cept it, and give them probably my shirt " with which to make a rope to hang the r- scoundrels; and thus I am willing to do for the plunderers o: Loui iana. This , movement is not at all political, nor do I e recommend it to other States not similarly o situated, where the inhabitants are not o, boldly called upon by those in authority '- (under the protection of Federal bayonets) 'r to 'stand and deliver.' " What I recommend to my people is ' simply 'unification' to rid ourselves of ,f those unscrupulous carpet-baggers who are ýt raining us, and 'immigration' to enable i. our planters to change their extensive and ý- expensive plantations into small, profitable i- farms, by which also we will be able to h turn our vagrant colored population into a property-holders and tax-payers, thereby " making them useful, conservative citizens. ' "My friends need not fear that I shall go a farther in this movement than I at first in tended. I am no politician; and have no ? desire to occupy office, either Federal, State or municipal; and no consideration , at present (in view of the position I have assumed) could induce me to accept one if tendered me. Those who are absurd and ut unjust enough to compare me with an ex Confederate officer whose mourning we to wear in our hearts, must know very little is of me if they suppose I am about to follow a this example. I have too high a regard a' for my reputation, (which belongs not r. alone to me,) ever to forswear the past; n but, at the same time, I claim the right of s advising, to the best of my ability, my.fel r- low-citizens of Louisiana what is best to ý- do to save themselves and their State from O utter ruin and desolation. Having done -so, my art Is ended, and theirs must com mence. Now, I submit that, however much we may dissent from General Beauregard and a his co-adujutors as to the soundness of the policy proposed by them, there is no good ý- and sufficient cause for impugning his mo tives, and casting upon him that grave " censure with which he has been visited by some, nor for classing him with those who have proved recreant to former princl t ples. 1 We must consider the terrible ordeal f through which the people of Louisiana are passing, and recollect that we have not yet been subjected to such a test.-lleaven I knows that I havo no toleration for infidel ity to sacred principles or to the memories I of the past, and I have taken occasion to express to General Beauregard my decided Sconviction that hle has committed a grave Smistake, and will be disappointed in the results of his movement; but I have no I doubt of the entire integrity of his mo- ' tivee, and can take him by the hand as a cordially as ever, feeling that, though mia taken, he has shown a degree of heroism in making a sacrifice of his feelings for the good of his people, which is perhaps, not surpassed by any that has marked his for mer career. Let us all take warning from the sad a fate or Louisiana, and the terrible straits to which her best citizens are reduced for the purpose of getting some slight relief, " and unite, with one mind and one will, in a supreme effort to save our State from the control of the Radical party, and prevent (Uo infliction upon us of sucha wrongs as those endured by General ra Beauregard's fellow-citisens, for fear that some of oer people may be seduced to the dire extremity of suing to their former slaves for merey. After all, when we view the question B aright, General Benauregard is yielding nothing to the negro, but finding hll peo ple powerless and helpless at the feet of unscrupulous adventurermers from abroad, who are sucained by the most infamous native renegades, and backed by the bay oneta of the merciless government at , Washington, and as he believes help lessly so, he appeals for relief to the de a luded negroes who have been used as L tools in reducing Louisiana to her present a s condition, with the belief that this fur nishes the only possible means to escape ' from utter ruin and desolation. Let us " respect the motives of a brave man re dueed to the necessity of Jseortin; to the diffoulties and distress of his position by visiting him with undeserved opprobrium. Sooner or later, the fate of Louisiana must i be that of all the Southern States which may come under the rule of the Radical party, and if, by our dissensions on minor ques tions, or our apathy, we shall permit the government of our Stats to be wrested . from the control of her true white people, p we willdeservethe dreadful lot which will most assuredly be ours. a Very respectfully, Your obedient servant. ' J. A. EAI:LY. Some More Jesuit Wiles STIHE FAMOUS WELD WILL CASE-A SENSIBLE f WOMAN, AND A PRUDENT DISPOSITION OF r IIER PROPErTr. Pietro, the London lrrespondent of the Brdoklyn Berietw, under date of July 10th, writes: One rarely has anything so exquisitely absurd as the " Great Catholic Will Case," which, after a very brief trial, was decided yesterday in the Probate Court by Sir ,. James Hannen and a special jury. It was heralded in some of the journals as "a r most startling exhibition of Jesuit cun ning," and the court was crowded with r people who came to hear the awful did i closures that were promised. Thirty-six years ago the wife of a Mr. s Weld became a Roman Catholic, and re a mained so up to the time of her death, s which happened last year. She was a poor girl of respectable family. Her husband, t who was a Catholic like herself, was very I rich. He performed some services to a Con p tiuental sovereign and was made a baron, so that this lady became not only wealthy Sbut a baroness. In course of time Baron Weld died, leaving his fortune to his widow and to his son. A few years after I wards the son also died; leaving his for tune to his mother. After many years the e baroness again married, this time to a Mr. Winterbothan. He died not long since, leaving his fortune to her, and thus the ba roness found herself still more wealthy e than before, and with no one with any o claim upon her wealth. Her mother and t her sister were her only relatives. These - she provided for liberally, and being a de l vout and well-instructed Catholic, she em a ployed herself in sustaining works of ! charity. She died at Ostend, in 1872, leav Sltig a respectable annuity to her mother I and sister, giving legacies to various , friends, bequeathing £1,000 to the Pope, e and leaving the rest of her property, amounting to about £60,000 to Archbishop t Manning and other Catholic dignitaries e and priests for the benefit of certain chari o ties or institutions which she named. As s the result showed there never was a more 1 just and reasonable will ever made, nor a more intelligent, sound-minded, and free t testatrix. But the mother and sister-who are Protestants-were angry at not getting the whole of the property, to which they had no claim whatever; and they easily s found attorneys to take up the case on "f speculation," and to bring a suit to set s aside the will on the ground that it had e been obtained by " undue influence," "Je snit intrigue," and " priestly intimida tion." The counsel for the will contented themselves by proving, by incontestible witnesses, that the Baroness was a women of sound mind, admirable business quali ties, and perfectly well aware of what she was doing ; and then they waited for the evidence on the other side. There was none! The contestants of the will had charged eighteen gentlemen with a con spiracy to obtain this lady's money-and when it came to prove it, they had not a word to say. 5 Only two witnesses were ex amined--the mother and sister. One of them said she thought she was ill-used be cause the Baroness had not left her £500 a a year-the other one had only some reflec tions of her own to read out of her diary, giving her views on the Jesuits ! The Judge summed up in very strongs words for the will, declaring that there was no doubt. The Jury at once found for the will; and the Judge then ruled that as the contest against the will had been a wholly unfounded and unreasonable one, the contestants should pay all the costs. i The charity of the much abused " Je suits," alone prevented this order from be ing enforced. They instructed their coun sel to say that while they wished it to be made a matter of record that the attempt to break the will was one that should be punished by this penalty, they would not itsist on ire paynient. AN A',oi.oo.-In some unaccountable man uertehaveplaced ourselves in a position whichre quires an apology to our readers generally, and to one of our oldest and staunchest friends in particular. Por over five yeara-in fact, ever since this paper was first started-its readers have had the pleasure of reading a notice telling them that they could got the prettiest wall paper, window-shade,, etc., at the very lowest prices, at M. Wheelahan's, yo. 119 Common street. Vell, in the last three issue, to the regret of all, this notice was left out, and a name which is as muc. a part of tihe STas as it heading was not tobe found. As a spe. cino of oilrde we bring the notice forward to a promi nent place on our fifth page, and sagain assure our rsead ers, both In country and city, that the proper place to make purchases of paints, oils, glass, window shades, etc,, is at Mh. Wheclahane', 119 Common street. -RITHUL.UEM ACADIur, HOLLY SPRINGos, MIass.M-Thi Institution, of whibch we made mention last week, Is condueted by i8atere of the same Order snd on the same principles as the celebrated Nazareth Academy of Bardstswn. As an advertisement in " other part of this paper shows, its terms are as low as those of Nazareth and much lower than those of many other institutions of a similar class. On other points enoh as health, temperature, ttc.. it otffers advantages which ertalnly few other convents can claim. The neat session will commenoe on the first of next month, and we advise all who doesire to make satisfactory ar. rangements for their daughters to wr;ei for cirenlars and details at once. Sr. CATnAitNa or SIESNA.--Ii Springfield, Ky., the young ladles' academy of the abore name is situated. It is conducted by Sistere of the Order of St. Domintic, and Its terms areTovry moderato. Mr. Elder, iS4 Camp Street. is the agent In this city. See advar tisement in another column. BEST AND OLDEcST FAMILY MAErICItIc.-Sa- 1 ford' Liver Inr orar lrgesr purely Vegetable Cathart ic and Tonic-for Djspepstas. Constipation. Debility, Sick Headache, Bilous Attacks, and all deranglements of Liver, Stomach and Bowels. Ask your Druggist for it. I Bewae of imiltion. rmbh80 ly eow t i o w i. [To ,aly Nlbj. S UZlGLAD. e Eeclesiastical Appeals.--The maihalltera I tion which the Lords will have to consider Ia the reinsertion moved by Mr. Hardy, of Lord Salisbury ',roposal to transfer eo y clesiastical ap pes from the Jodiclil com mittee to the new court. It waq opposed in the Lords by the Archbishop of Canter d bury, and withdrawn by the advice of Lord Selborne who feared tn ecclesiastical debate in the Lower house, an apprehen sion which was anything but Justified, as the transfer met with the approval of everybody: of the Low Church members becauso they dislike ecclesiastical judges, and of the High Church, because they are anxious to deprive the judgments of all semblance of spiritual validity. In his comiments on the Ritualist petitions the Archbishop expressed a strong hope that the F new court would be invested with effectual power to deal with such matters. Another petition, similar to that of the 483, and e signed by f.ir Oxford professors, has ex , cited his Grace's indignation even more than the other, and his strictures on the absent professors, but the paper not being ~ before the House, procured him a snub bing from Lord Salisbury, who was ex.ofi r ci bound to defend them. Possible Effect of the Transfer.-We do not wish to be ill-natured, but the prognos - tic in which the Archbishop of Canterbury indulged in the debate on Lord Salisbury's proposal for the transfer of these appeals to an exclusively lay court, is too curious not to be noticed. Ignorance of theological terms was so general, he said, among the lawyers, that "if there had not been ee elesiastical members of the Privy Council to correct them one decision might have excluded the whole High Church party I another might have excluded the Low Church party, and a third the Broad Church party." We need not ask what Swould have remained; obviously the No s Church party. And it is, therefore, na tural that those whose great hobby is corn - prehensiveness, should,like " Anglicans" 3in the Times, protest against the abolition of a Court "which has hitherto tended to promote the harmonious working of our complicated system. The Bishops and the .ituaiists.-The four hundred odd clergymen have certainly sue I ceeded, first in producing a sensation, and then in eliciting as authoritative a declara tion as is consistent with the peculiar habits of the Anglican Communion that f " habitual " penitents are at least as ob - jectionable to its pontiffs and to the ma jority of its members as habitual criminals of any other class. The only difierence of opinion is as to how they are to be dealt with. Lord Oranmore suggested that the Bishops should inhibit the clergymen who a introduced these ionovations, and that - there should be a Select Committee to con sider how the danger might be. averted 3 by legislation; and the Times backs him up by asserting that, if there is any risk in 3 action, "the time has come when the risk must be incurred." "There is no limit," S continues the writer of the article, " to the disorganization before us if the open violation of the law is to be be tolerated. i It is not worth while to retain men in the t Church who refuse obedience to its lawful I authorities." Yet the Bishops evidently think it unreasonable that they should have to do anything. "The task," said the Archbishop of York, was "too great for them to undertake." Twenty years had elapsed since the same grievances were complained of in a petition to the Queen, and although nine out of every ten bene ficed clergymen must have passed away, " the same state of facts seemhed to exist." And he and the Archbishop of Canterbury both pronounced the same opinion, that the remedy was to be found in the action of the laity. Dr. Tait appealed to lay pa trons not to appoint men of "extreme views;" but we do not suppose they do, nuless they hold "extreme views" them selves, and then what is the use of appeal ing to them I We suspect that the extreme disinclination of the Bishops to translate their denunciations into action arises part ly from the fact that such prosecutions t would be very expensive. The costs in at number of Purchas and Bennett trials would make a terrible hole in the income which has to keep up a family establish- t ment expected to be on the scale of that of i a well-to do squire. It is easier to confine oneself to letters against the " ach'sm " of Dissenters, anchas Bihop-- Wordsworth Gas just been putting forth, a letter which has elicited from the Spectator the follow- c ing pithy and pertinent remark: "No t wonder they (the high-and dry Bishops) s are morbid about schism. If our whole e Church be not schismatic, in their formal sense, what is it ? But if it be schismatic, why was Wesley worse than Cranmer t Anglicans should cease to maunder about schism, or else cease to be Anglicans." PRUSSIA. State and Church in Prussia.-The ap pointment of Herr von Balan to be Prus sian Secretary for Foreign affairs has been oficially announced, and the telegram adds ' that Prince von Bismarck thus virtually ceases to be a member of the Prussian Ca binet, though whether he remains so nomi nally is unknown. The legacy which he has left behind him in the shape of a new ecclesiastical policy isalready beginning to prodace embarrasement. The Archbishop of Cologne has been interrogated in his own palace-his coadjutor, Mgr. Baudri, is I absent-and the Courts will have to pro nounce upon the monstrous contention of the Government that an Arbchbishop has broken the law because he has excluded from Catholic Communion two priests who have openly joined a schismatical sect, and from the performance of Catholic func- t tions two Seminarists who have openlyt obtained ordination from a prelate of a hostile communion. "Seeing the diff- I enlties before them, the authorities have, it is said, endeavored to effect, some kind of compromlise. The President of the Rhine provinces, Herr von Bar deleben, has, it is reported, been to visit e the Archbishop, Md has proposed several ar rangements, oon which was that the Gov- 1 ernment would accept all the Archbtishop's d nominations, if he would first notify them t to the authorities for approval. This the t Archbishop of course refused, referring the y President to the collective Memorandum of C the German Bishops. In a reply to a let- a ter of sympathy from the Catholic Associa- d tion of Lower Austria, the principal lead- ib ers of the Centrums Fraction, or Catholic party in the Reicbstag, express great confl- i dence that"theParliamentary triumphs"of their enemies "will break io paeces against the resistance offered by the faith of he j people," and that the State will be obliged, in its own interest, to retrace its steps, and to deliver the Church from its bonds. CHRISTIANITY IN JAPAN. -' Informatilqe nt to the afisioes Efran 'r geres by ord ý Mgr. Petitjean enables ad Df to judge of the real state of the toleration - question i Japan. On the 26th April 671 - native Christinp$ had arrived at Oaragami d from their places of exile, viz.1 25 from the r- province of Kichou, 87 from Bingo, 39 from if Aki, 102 from Nagato 286 from Sats'ma, Ii and 107 from Owari. risohers from Cage, - to the number of 470, had been seen on m their way home at Kobe and Osarea; and f theist May 100 from the province of Ya ' mato had arrived at Kobe, and news had " been received of the deliverance of the e Christians in the provinces of Toso and 11 Awn. Nothing was yet known of thb prise s oners who were at Chokichen, Te'wano, ie Bijen, and Iche. Mgr. Petitjean sums up e the matter thus: There is for a moment I actual toleration, there is not as yet legal r toleration. The Japanese Minister of For d eign Affairs had declared to the French Charge d'Affaires, that it was " not tolera e tion, but a step towards toleration." And in ordering the prefects of provinces to re move the persecuting edicts, the Govern ment. observes that "being sufficiently known to the people, they are hencefor ward useless." The reason assigned may o indeed only be a device to save sppe ar - ances; but all will depend npon the con 9 tinned influence which European Govern a mente may bring to bear upon the Japanese o authorities. In the present Ministers Mgr. 't Petitjean has perfect confidence, but he i observes that the whole state of things e may be at any time completely changed by an internal revolution, and if, in the ap I proaching revision of the treaties, a guar e aptee is not inserted for the toleration of Christianity, a new Government hostile to v religion might take advantage of the omis d sion and at any time renew the persecu A tion. Switzerland. " [From Correspondent Leaden Tablet, July 19.] 1 A very sad scene and one very Ill-calculated n to give foreigners visiting Switzerland a fa r vorable notion of our manners and education as not only Republican, but also civilized and decent, has occurred on board one of the r steamers which ply on the lake of the Four - Cantons. On Tuesday, the 8th of July, the d last day of the choral festival at Lucerne, a number of singers from Zurich and'Bale were r going by water to Fluelen. On its return, the t boat stopped at every station to take in pas sengers, and at Tells-plats received on board Mgr. Lachat, the venerated and persecuted Bishop of Bale. His lordship was accompa nied by three ecclesiastics, and scarcely had he taken his place in the vessel when he was t rudely accosted by two of the singers, who a used expressions of an offensive character to ) wards him. The two blackguards finding that t their behavior had no effect on the bishop. 1 who made no reply but preserved his calm and dignity, sat down beside him and kept on talking in a loud tone of voice so as to draw the attention of the other persons on deck to the Bishop. The rest of the singers soon took up the joke, and to the number of 300 crowd ed round Mgr. Lachat. A scene took place not unlike that in the hall of Caiphas with all its i indignities, and the two singers uttered to the good Bishop speeches similar to those of the 1 Jews to our Saviour. The persons from Bale and Zurich played their part quite naturally; one might have fancied oneself in Jadeas Mof t of the demonstrators had bottles, out of which they were quaffing large bumpers of wine. One of them filled a glass, and ap proaching the Bishop offered it to him with e feigned politeness. To have done so was quite in accordance with Swiss customs ; the Bishop therefore, with much condescension, and not seeing the intent, was about to accept it; but when he out out his hand, the man rudely drew back the glass, uttering at the same time the grossest abuse. The scandal went on increasing. hoping to put a stop to it, the Bishop left the deck and descended into the saloon of the vessel, but the rabble followed him thither and continued i their mockings and insults- His lordship then t determined to leave the vessel, and did so at the next stoppage, at the station of Beckoen- r ried. This took the mobbers by surprise, and I the 300 determined not to let their victim es cape without additional sufferings. So they vented their demoniac rage in yells and hisses against the meek and holy Bishop as be quit- a ted the boat, and some of them even went so far as to fling empty bottles as an accompani ment to their curses and hootings. Such things are scarcely credible, and yet r they are strictly true. I had the narrative L from a respectable eye-witness, a man who a does not share our venelstion for the Catholic t Bishop, but who nevertheless does not conceal c his indignation at such things being done in s Switzerland. It is then unfortunately a faot which remains on record-that, in July, 1873, at a choral fes- 0 tival at the city of Lucerne, in a Catholic city and a Catholic Canton, whish had vied with each other in giving their countrymen a splen did reception, which had decorated and illn- prinated its streets and squares and quays, and 1 qpade every exertion to give them a brilliant e welcome, and had snucceeded in doing so-it is a a fact that a band of bullies, 300 in number, 2 hailing from Bale and from Zurich treated the Bishop of that city and Canton of Lucerne, ] just as the Jews treated our Saviour in the a Hall of Caiphas; it is a fact to go down to t postbiity that this disgraceful scene was enact ed against a prelate who is banished from his t diocese and driven from his episcopal reei deuce ; and that it occurred on board of a yes- p eel in which the Bishop and his suite had paid their passage. and had a right to common pro tection, and to the same safety as was enjoyed by the 300 insulting aggressors, who if they can boast of being natives of Bale and Zurich r are not on that account authorized to behave c like blackguards when away from home. The scene took place on the borders of the lake of Lucerne (the fourth Canton) under the shadow of the Federal flag of Switzer land,'that floated proudly over the etemboat; and without any person, either the captain or any of the passengers interfering to put a atop to the outrage I It took place on the very day when the men of Lucerne celebrate the anni versary of the battle of Sempach, and thank T the God of armies for having granted them w that victory by which the Swiss nationality hi was founded, and liberty and independence purchased by the blood of the men of Lucerne and of the heroes of the Cathollo " Little c Cantons," on the anniversary of the death of Winkelried, by the sacrilce of whose life the . victory was won. b1 Bat alas, since then times have woefully changed; and such an eccurrence can only be explained by the progress of demoralization. The evil comes down from high quarters, men do not work now pnro IkDee et patria, for God and their country, as they did in the good old times. What they look after now-a-days is big subsidies, paid by the 8wise Treasury to the Prussian Exchequer--smilee of enouonragement i from Bismarck, and the approval of the high r and mighty German Emperor. The preei. dents of-the Swiss Confederation. when not busied about their dunties as the supple vassals of Bismrck in pela nBorr Swiss Cbatholics, orr in proteetig the Commaq ists at Geneva and elscwhe]r in drivinr Bishops from their '· episcopiess..ive no objection to descend from the presidential chair and practise stock jobbing in a januk, or gambling in railway 'O rney, without le . trial i e, bat b of the Spr, F Presidms of Jepakil. . j time to meditate on the incon fr tune. I Whve only to persevere in the osewin on hih we have entered, and Switaeelsa. oo, i theelamssio land of liberty and ndepeni tsu s will soon be redud to a mere Pree~ a "n pondeaoy, Snad,wijl $onrlah ast pr i, of dishonest flnaesnrote_, ofn nip b i, holders, and religos p not fair off from th't consammation, if w d not already reached it. As for the old hospitality, the old ho and the old courtesy of Switzerland, thew 'i have gone-if things continu as they are they will have gone the same way as the men ey of the shareholders of the "Credit Foaclj ' - Suisse," whose founder, director, and eonda.' tor (to a smash), was that same M. Fornerqo p whose suocessor in the fauteull has dcrien t Mgr. Mermillod into exili 1 If there was not found a solitary Swiss or a single Catholic with manhood enough to take the part of Mgr. Lachat against that egwadly mob of howlers, we have at least the sstl ,. tion of knowing that a foreigner and a Prog. estant was not afraid to testify openly his re spect for the hunted Bishop in the presence of - those who were insulting him. y By latest intelligence we learn that whilst Mgr. Laohat was enduring the outrages of the 300 maniacs, the foreigners who happened to _ be on board could not refrain from expreeing their indignation. One of their number oame - towards the Bishop and said: "Monseegneez - allow me, although a Protestant, to present. B you my card and to express the sympathy I feel with you in what you pre undergoing. I. a am the Secretary-General of the Minister of s Worship of Hanover; and I have read in osr Y Protestant newspapers of the sufferings which your lordship and the Catholies of Switass. land have had to encounter, but I never could have suspected that there could have been so much bsseness on the partof your perstators, c if I had not witnessed it with my own eyes - I do at this moment." Discord has broken out in the " Old-Catho.. li11" camp. Loyson is getting tired of Geneva and is wanting to be made the Bishop of 8wi. .erland; baut before thatean come about l will have to effect a fusion between his "L Catholics, who talk French, and the "Old Catholics of German Switserland. It isu p hill work. He has gone to Berne this week to open negotiations with the political ohief of the anti-Infallibilist movement. Conferences are taking place there, Herr Keller taking the chair, and all the perasecutors are there, ineln ding the two priestly apostates, Gschwind and Herzog. Loyson's plae are opposed tooth and nail by Herzog, who aims at a mitre for him sel, and is gone into Germany to secure the support of Bismarck. He Is jealous of the reputation of the ex-Carmelite, and would like to onnfge him to Geneva and his "Liberal Catholics." It is said that Loyson has been asked to preach at Geneva. If that be so, it shows that Herzog has been baffled; for until now Berne has been looked upon as his special do main. It was Herzog who took the leading part in the demonstration made at Munziger's funeral. It is well known that the President of the Confederation was eager to welcome Loyson, and gave a public dinner on Wednesday, the day he arrived at Geneva. The diplomatic representatives of France and Belginds, of course, received invitations, but the French Minister, M. Lanfrey had the good taste to re fuse. Lot us give him credit for the same. Unhappily we cannot do so to the Belgium Charge d'Affaires, who found himself the sin gle diplomatic personage that graced with his presence the banquet given in honor of per jury and apostasy. We trnst that the Cathollos of Belgium will make reparation fos this insult to their breth ren in Switzerland. The Belgian nation has shown us much sympathy; must it be that the Government of King Leopold IL is to take the side of the renegades and persecutors As for • M. Ceresele, who plumes himself on his "mod eration," we can feel little surprise at his con duct, " Bon sang ne degenere pas." Hisfath. er was born and bred a Catholio; but turned Protestant to get a good living as a "pasteur." Of course the son must sympathize with apos tates. As for the other gentleman, he who without pretence of law, drove Mgr. Mermillod into exile-he would have fallen off sadly from that renown if he had not given the warmest of welcomes to the wolf that has got into Ge neva in the room of the true shepherd. (M. Rsmmet, in the " Lettres de Saisse." NBWSPAPER PuFrs.-Some men, in giving advertisements to newspapers, like to have what is called a "pal," setting forth that they are either the kings or emperors in their line of trade, or are world renowanerd for their sagacity, energy, eto. Other men like to have a.puff which commences with an accsant of something wonderfal, thinking thereby to entrap the reader into giving attention to their admvrtlsemates. Others again, small in number, however, but eminent as thorough.golag business men. witheat a particle of hambuggery, desire tLha a plain etaotment bs.mde concerning the inducements they oebr to purchasers. Of this last class, Mesars. Pierson & Bews, clothier,. Nos. 13and 15 Camp street, are rspresatatives. Br. Ing had many years experience in the clothing and gentlemen's farnlshlnggoods bayse.s, theyyunrastaad tolly the demands of our peopl, ad having a large capital invested, they are enabled to hakeep a stock sueh as affords ample room for selectlle to the moot tfaeidiena The writer of this notice has dealt fer many years with Messrs. Pierson & Hews, and can testify so the it that whatever representation they make conoera4gg their goods always proves true, and thatin every map ner, particularly as regards prioe and length of time the goods wear, he has been fally satifed. We call special attention to their advertisement on our 8fth page, and strongly recommend them to such of our readers as may need anything in thbbir line. Martin Druhan, Esq., commission merchant, No 39 Commerce sheet, is the agent of Blood,'Wolb & - Co. for IP sale of their world renowned aleand porter. He alwarhas a large supply on hand, and fll ordera from the country and city with promptness and at the owest market rates. One of the most pleasant and, at the same time, the surest of cures, is Laplace'sa ladlan Turnip Peotoral Balm. It In made from the root of the Indian Turnip and has been used for ages by our old Creoles, who live to such a wonderful old age. Try it when you have a conugh or cold. You can buy it of any druggist. Mrs. lry Wagner informs the public, by a card elsewhere, that she will continue the ahoe basi nes, of her laito husband, John George Wagner, at the old stand, corner Ursaline and Dauphine streets. ADVERTISING RATES OF TIE "STAR." ev3- I, On e Two Si -iOne U'bh.ýldL. M'.ith.i J'ihe . S................ * * 9 3i . o o Two .................. 9 i 10o S 50O Three................ It S9 44 71 pear................-. 1 07 35 60 90 e .............*.**75*.... 30 5 5 10 titten............... 4 75 W 180 o00 tt7""""""........... . 70 130 leO -00 4S Taslent Advertiasments, S1 50 per equare emoh tn. eortlon. rteatyr.Ae per cent dlasomat allowed oe the above Oute inaeted at *bove rat. wlttr 3icoeut. Duth sad Marrcia` Ne4cesil aGoS Lu5Wt3U3. Wanti and PMeronal ZuIeraiG ACdvztrtalmeuee, 10 cents p3 i nt"oo nssra . oer . r~lc. 90 cent a 115