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Morning .Star and Catholic Messenger.
aw onLR0&N., sU JDAr. JANUARY 4. 18:4. The Trial d araal nesalne. th dl sLxNTZx3 or D.ATH. d The great trial at Versailles concluded on Wednesday, and Judgment was passed upon Marhal Bassine. At half-past four odoe k, Maitre Lebaoud having coneludedv his speech, the Deo d'Aumale rose and a asked the Marshbal if be had anything more E to add. In the midst or profound silence, Marshal amsane rose. He said :-" I bear on my v breast two words, a Honor' and I' Country.' 9 They have been my motto for the 40 year..s during which I have served Franee alike at Met and elsewhere. I swear it beore Christ." The Marshal was pale, and be aspeared deeply moved. His vole was elear and sonorouas. The President rose to state that the sit- o tilg was suspended for an indefinite time. Immediately afterwards, the 2"mws corres poadent states, the Court retired and a letatahment of Gendarmerie Mobile was brought into the hall, which cleared a part of the body of the room. The Marshal retired, as he did so, taking a last look at the crowd. In conformity with the custom of court-martial, the aoused was not present while the sentence was read, and this, in consequesne was the last time that the Marshal appeared in the hall. Daring the absence of the Couneil the oofficer in attenance reminded thbsea present of the penalties to wLich those ea prmesieg approbation or dlsworobation would epose themselves. Tb eenwd awaited with marked impatience the re turn of the Council, eod the most varied opinions were expressed as to the result of their deliberation. At eight, o'clock the textof tl questions 1 ut to the court was ciroulated in the Press Gallery. It appeared from thibsBdooment that the Court had in trodaed a fourth qtestion by plittlug up the paragraph of.Article 210, and it was coetluded that the condemnation to death might be avoided, and that degradation alone would be, in all probability, the sen tence prenounced. The crowd, which took the most varied views, at times, .-hor~w belived there would be a sn enw o death . r em~a " wuun was not received with dissatisfactIon. At half-past eight o'clock a captain of the guard informed the public that the utmost silence must be kept during the reading of the sentence. A short time afterwards the words were called out. "Lse Conseill Debout!" The gendarmerie shouldered arms, and there was the deepest silence throughout the hall. The Council then entered. At this moment the appearance of the Audience Hall was truly striking. The Due d'Aumale, in a clear and ener getic voice,pronounoed the following judg ment: "In the name of the French people, the Council of War, etc., delivers the following judgment :-Frangos Achill-Basaine, Mar shalof Franoe is he guilty, firstly, of hav ing capitulated before the enemy In the open Aeld t-Unanimously, Yes. Secondly, had this capitulation the effect of making those under his command lay down their arms .-Unanimously, Yes. Thirdly, is he guilty of having negotiated with the enemy before having done everything prescribed by duty and honor t-Unani mously, Yes. Fourthly, is he guilty of having surrendered a fortified place, the protection of which had been entrusted to him t-Unanimously, Yes. In consequenee of this, Marshal Basaine is condemned to the penalty of death, with military degra dation, and ceasee to belong to the Legion Honor; and, besides, is condemned to pay the expense of the trial as regards the State. The Council orders that the sea tence shall be read to the Marshal in pri son, in presence of the assembled guard under arms." A mournful silence succeeded these words, and the sitting then closed. The crowd left silently by the different pas sages. Outside the night was dark, and the avenues of the Trianon were only oc casionally lighted up by the lamps of car riages driving towards the-railway station. After the delivery of the judgment all members of the Conrt signed an appeal for mercy, and the Due d'Anmale left at once to lay it before Marshal MacMahon. Mar shal Basaine, on herling the seitence read, manifested the greatest agitatlon, and ex pressed a wish to have his son with him twent4-four hours. The meeting of.the Boripholders of the Homn Mutual Insurance Company, bold on the 31st alt., t. vote on the questi~t of liquidating the armars of the empanlMy resulted in a very large veot for aqptialnal bemines had the friends of the company are therefor, requested to use every exertion to enlarge the busineea The Home is one of our oldest and best comps ales, it has met every loss promptly. and 'has alws· been known for ise sIty and tairnees in s*ettl meats. Alexander Bthet, Noq., who directed Its at fairs for several eanrs sLer Its organisation with sot eminent sucoees. has again been elected it President Mr A. Wnilan Banter, who behad se1g and ably fllei the position of Secretary, will still be found at his pes The Direetrs have beoon chsen frm or meoet promiaoa merchants, and In fast, the Home Is Just now startlng so to speak, on a new career, whloh we dmobt me will be marked by as flattenrlng evidences of popularlty strength and ablty, as its past has beesn. Lovers of good tea and coffee will do well to give Mesore M. Bogan & Co., 037 Megalne stroe, between ,ueon and Josepbhine streets, a ~ll. Thl arm,4 j'htehlikeT Japan Tee compsay. havi earned q aelpority by the exeellene of lthet goods n thbr very reasonable prices. They parucl and gulSteoes d&ly, and are ths able to give theL entoeero this arttele hfsh nrd pre. TheiLr ens an fSoa eesor t9r eegth and sanesat tmsver.' The atteslig of those dfioted with disease of mthe aps ea sevesu system, h requesled to thu sad i , Dr. Th•esse.eslesam N. o 45Msse ees Dr. Nibehesa i s'lehstlao phyele s, ad ~he s mad theeo Iebes e mo inesrt of seeg ad ereful aelndy' Thesewbeo are rs5ag yleeseslb tb Daeete at his ese betwoeen is sad 3 elesk with tell eoandmee i his skill and sblity,; . The asese ftr'aeelai gatherings is now winth u, sad ear lady rer whe with s perssehis ess. pilta, earls, or other hUr week, will deell el en Mr. James Hesasey, hlr drespI a4 wrl maker. No. t Wereoue stree a syw doed aheve Malm. e hua a very f ad well amsrd ssk 1 wiss, h*alf. wig, benden Jet ernmmar, pereamery. ppale and other artelees quired r te toellet. i eof whi~h he wi sllel at emarkably 16W artes. A New !erk paper urges economy in living as one of the aeoessitle of the day, sad 7says that "soeep, fish, a rouast, bird., do~slrSad two kinds of wine, make a dinner fA[o; anay body." - , · ,. r Umas.x.sovUs oruImsN RWI. attes - the] PRUMSIA AND THE ENGLISH PRES5. ered The speech of the deputy Windhorst on Gas the newspaper stamp farnished some ad- bly, ditional information respecting the trans- yet actions of the Prussian Foreign Omee with the, the English had Continental Press. We othe quoted last week the remarks of the Pall opp a all Gaette on this snubeot, and referred Boel o- to what we had already stated on a pre- Rign vious ooession, namely that some of the of Sshort newspaper artc es lithographed in defl re English at Berlin under the direction of di the Prssiann "Press Department" were actually in our possession. But Herr thal W Wlindborst stated in his speech (we quote the ' the correspondent of the DailyRsme) that any r "preliminary steps were even taken. to arr es estalkish a press lottery fund at thi Ea Sbasy in London, and the project failed m only beeauo souffiient indeoements could not be offered to safe persons. As a sob- ' I satitute, therefore, a special corruption- all( Sofee for these countries (England, Fran are ' and Italy,) has been opened at Berlin. 'I 8t s- will not speak [he costinued) of the ex- moo a tent to which correspondents of the lead- shi a ig journals of those countries are under thiu wh obligation for their news to arrangements bee - which are made in the Wilhelmstrasee.' anc at The Wilhelmetrasse means here] the For- solb Seign Office, and the Foreign Ofo means a Ir rm partionler department thereof whieh s at I Scharged, according to the deputy, with the La Press Reptile Fend". It is very -satisfao- e ii tory to learn that the attempt to establish pl1 a presdepartment at the headquarters of to se| English journalism was sunch a complete del eon failure, end as we have no spds wbet- pl od ever for supposng thatth - failure was wl e. merely the consequence of "suffcent Miti As led oseata" not being offered, leLthat go mc Sof to the ereat of English journalism. But tbi the this does not ~iprove the case of those vt who have attempted so to nfluenace foreign me I opinion, nor does it explain why the Berlin de authorities find it worth "t -while to sa in lithograph English newspaper a g upat tBerlin. .. pr . ath POSITION OF THE -MADEID 4OO0VZR *t . ion AtMadridi a ....r.paign againstSenor Pi m- Castd i" is p r for the opening of Di ock the ý.e1 Seq PI .y VMargall is at the to hwr, head of the movement. whiqh, if it is sune- H ,th ceafsal, will substitute for the present ell ved rsgim. an advanced Soelalist Republie. co ight This Senor Castelar has learnt to bhate and i med fear even more than he hates and fears M be Monarchy, and if he finds himself in dan nCe. ger, he will come to terms with the Alfon rere mists and other Monarchical Liberals. The TI The latter, including Senor Martos, have still a here hankering after a Revolutionary Monarchy the of the Amedeo type, and would, it is this believed, gladly fall back even on the Pnoe Hohenzollern project. THE COMMITTEE OF THIRTr. hi rdg- The Committee of Thirty on the Consti tutional Laws is at length complete. At the the end of last week the Left thought d better of it, and consented to permit the 1 a o eleetion of two deputies of the Left Core bi bay- -M. Cesanne and Yachert-to which the the igt also contributed by ie . with tablank blletins, us nrn g the. re king quisite number of votes, though they would iheir not give a direct support to those elected. is Se then, the Extreme Right, which was thethus obliged to sacrifice its two candidates, bin has bee drawing off more and more from the rest of the majority, and tends to be an cone a completely separate element in the Assembly, from which the Goevernment can a to expect no more than a stritly independent enee support. At the same time, the group has a become gradually diminshe in number, b and at the last meeting it is reported that gna- there were only adty members who remain- tl gon ed faithful to its policy of reviving the 7 question of the Restoration at the first con venient season. The Due de sa Rechefo penu oauld-Biseooia, who was to have made a prn- monion In favor of the Monarchy during nard the discussion of the Constitutional Laws. 0 has accepted the Embassy to London, and " The oonsiders himself, by this change of posi- " tion, freed from the obligation of opening pas and conducting this campaign. There is a and some talk, however, of M. de Belcastel c I making a similar motti, Which Is to take r the foxes of a resolutiqp declaring the ill Comte.de Chambord King, wha Miarlba e tall acMbon Lieutpant-4eqerai. of the t for langdom. The [new Comnittee of Thirty' t once held its firpt sitting on Friday,. the 5th; C Mar- elected M. Batbie its President, and the rca Marquis de Tilhouet nnd M. de Kerdrel, its ix- Vice-Presidents; arranged tol meet every I him Wednesday and Friday, and settled that its sittings werejo be public . THIE RESPONSIILITY FOR T'HE BE L rNO UP l., to OF THE MONARCHISTS. of the A brisk controversy has been going on ads between the Legitimist and Right Centre a erepro apers, as to the cause of the failure of the t i Restoration, and as to the meaning of the co prolongation of pwers. M. Herve, of the I aways Journal de Pans, Insists that it was the I t. Comte de Chambord who made the mon tse t. aroby impossible, by declaring that he a L sch would give no guarantee, and forcing the a wident white ieg on the country. The imverse a y an.r on the contrary, maintains that it was the I I. parliamentarians who ruined the eause by I assets insisting on conditions which they veryl well knew the Prince could never accept. , mo We mustasy that the Legitimists have the I alrt best of the argument. It was very well I known all along that the Comte de Cham- i bord would not consent to a bargain, or to , ell a Constitution wbleh was "imposed" on him; but then it was equally well known __ that be did not mean to " grant" a Con- t stitutios, and had deolared that a Codati . tution should be enacted by King and Le.- j Eislature together. Thee was no ground __ for aserting that there had been any mis e.I c |o llou u this head, and these was I [no in .he Slsbaseer hich .t . tended to vltate the arrangement whieh ewas understood to exist. As to the flag, -- the Primoe had already reserved to himself f "- the right to msake prpoesitiln later, and - it would seem so tho 'the discovery that m this proposition wouldnot be e.ator the j ass maintenansee of the present emrblem was so distasteful to the Right Contre as to cauee I in sthem to jib im edaly. This is where they were most unreasonable, as it seems with to us; for the very fact that the King .meant to make a propal impleld that he ~, wished for some hingeo. They might as r well have waited to diseus at leisure after a1 . H the Bestoration a point so comparatively r ,• ranimportant, and a chalge whioh no one 0 . wished to introduoe by force. - whtLh THE MEANING OF THE PEOLONaATION Ot POWERIS. - i.i beother question so to the mesning of ong theprotlongation is, at the present jnneture, ) o f ogreater moment. Upon the answer to it ., depends whether during the seven year' ', .fa of Marshal MacMahon'a Preldency, . attempts to bring about the restoration of I the Monarchy are or are not to be consid ered as an offence against the laws. The Gazette de Framee admits that the Assem- I bly, in passing the Constitutional Bill, may Ad yet suppnrss the name of Rennble, but NWe i the Jomal de Paris and the F~rawam , the Se' other organs of the jight Centre, take the Se opposite view. M de Beatle, M. de la tie Boehette, and some others of the Extreme nil Right, have not, as we have seen, any idea Ms of renouncing their liberty to propose A. fid Sdefinitive Monarchical solution, but if the m r d4ee ppmn mood4 ever $skio tl. .pr .- l s s · a or mellon, .Wed ndoi: Imsgins hit r that I he acstead ot there is A s the dil btalthat o ,s ly doing i i any thlg to ter the preat provisonal w t errgemek hi THE AlOCIATION 0Z FATRE TO ERl, ens - The members of this asosstoien and all Catholies who sy"ý With its osbjet.I - s e reailded ~ o eam g 4.be. .eld isa a I St. Patriek's hae a two e'el k to. morrow aunder the p idey of his Lord- t ship the Bishop. Since we last referred to I Sthis subject the mAssociation of Prsye& bs s a been plaed in the freat raaof temper- ft 11 anoe organisation, and reseived the most i * solemn recognition sad approval from the A a Irish Hieraremy, in the resolution adopted is at their recent assembly in Dublin. Their h ie Lordships, while earnestly exhorting. their a e- terg to "oert all their vigilance in re- b h pessing drlnkenness," .wbie they, deelare t If to be "one of the great evils of the day; p Ie demoraliaing and improverishing the pee- g .- p and detroy ing in thousands the souls v s which Christ died to save," recommend the J ' Assodlathz of Pryer as amongst the t 0o means which may be usefully employed to ii at that end. If any Catholic doubted the 1 so vine and efficacy of this simple and easy c mode of subduing the most hateful and a destructive of all tyrannies, this ought 1 to surely dispel the doubt.-Oork Examiner i ha Dec. 13. LORD FRENCH AND HOME RULE. rr A letter from Lord French, of French or Park, County Roauo-amon, appears in the of Dublin papers enclosing a donation of .50O he to the secretaries of the Home Rule League. to. His lordship thinks that the next general 1 mt election will have the effeet of ensuring the e. complete success of the Home Rule move ad ment. ire - The Dceitfulness of Woman. On he THE ENORMOUS SIN OF .SATING YOU ARE OUT I WHEN YOU ARE IN-AND OTHERS LIKE by UNTO IT. is the IFrom the Noew York World 1 The Women's Social Education Society held its regular meeting yesterday after ti noon at Plimpton Hall, Mrs. Caroline A. AtSoule, the president, In the chair. The ht discussion of a paper read at a previous he meeting by Mrs. Dr. Baker was the rast business In order. Its subject was the lh neegity .of truthfulness in women in so ih lailfer Tie-president sMtatd sthe pro s positiýns in theopaper wera o melf.-etlent d that thev was'not room for much discus ed. slon. She thought 44bq lsagqs. ought al Sways to tell the tra:sh under all circum= nstnces. It.Wasoa ver fad thing that they m were so nucl given to what were general ly considered white lies. These generally the degenerated into very black lies. It was c very wrong, for instance, for women to ent instruct their servants to say they were has not at home when they were at home. Mrs. Kent thought that ladies ought to ,at be eduaeted into courage enough to tell in- their swrvants to as they wore eauoned the and could not see any one. A fear that on- they might offend their friends by such a on- message was the reason for this common a a social untruth, but if it could be commonly ng accepted in society that this lie was an ws enormity she did not think that any one Ind would take offence if the truth was told ,i- and an audience denied. Mrs. Miller agreed with the first speaker, and thought that a reform in this respect itel could be effected without any great social ake revlsion. the A lady present said mothers must be ha educated to the fact that the welfare of the their children demands that at all times they should be truthful. Only in this way . could they expect their children to be the truthful and respectful. Mits rs. Bronson admitted the evil com plained of that women were a sad sbt of hat tory-tellers, but she would like to hear from the ladies present the best way of oacuring this evil. UP Mrs. Wolfe thought that the best way was to educate the conscience. on he (,air remarked that it should be otre sad, of omen as it was of men sometimes, the that their *ord was as good as their bond. the Mrs. Bronson thought the subject was the taking a low range. There were other the falsehoods besides the one on which Lso ion- much stress had been laid, of a lady saying he she was out when she was in. They were the all living in the atmotpheze . of falsehood, erg, and she would like to know if there was the not some way of reaching this evil and cor Sby recting it so that the average woman would rery cease to lie. ept. Another lady said another common false te hood practiced by women was in inviting well to their homes people whom they did not am- want and whom they would much rather r to would not accept the invitation. '01 Several ladies present disclaimed this, nu and said that they were never guilty of )o0- this sin. Wati- Mrs. Wolfe thought that there were Is- other falsehoods besides those of the tongne. and Many women livesfalsely by attempting is- to dress beyond their means, The woman Swhose husband had an income of a thons £ll and dollars a year strained every nerve to le dress as well as the woman whose husband hlg, ad ten times that income; and, said she, slf "they do it some way, bet it is by terrible mmd straiaing." The debate was here closed. hat A paper by Mrs. I8ocam apon the sub the ject of "an institution for the edueation of a so domestics and spon the household general m ly," wasu then read, and after some disces. r dsej its l'rther consmlderation was post 5s poed 'ntil January 7. as Oar readers will lad, on oar afthb page, the her stvrtisemut Mr. F0. O. rove.r o hae wemtr ely paehe t dra st.ae earner of A.d~ahtp ana se odeltla strsets, atas ireetoo it it twhe chetseo haglish, uGera at nreh dge. perfmme kncy rtoles, the mest approved paet atmijcse, sad el artlles ummally kept in Srat-elm drag stres. Mr. Groove ws employed for several years in the eteaslve Of etbllhmat of MeYwrs. BIll & Lyoes, and is a earetl, Ire, rrlible soad oompetent druggist. He will giveo hm per. Smeolt attention to compoanding phyaleisea' precrip s' es, snd spareo so pains to merit the patreomage of the I publo. -. of Irdmge pIas-Te Adams Ipagy 5e Sewaid. - d.. be [remhe Baltimore aasuttI ] - It was an evil hour when Mr. Francis thi y Adams consented to deliver before the an aS New York Legislature his eulogy on Mr. Ej he Seward. In attempting to prove that Mr. th he Seward was the foremost statesman of his as la time, be has given to others the opportu- ed me ui' of proving what aharlatan he was. o s -a Mr.Welie, in his dry. prsy way was the e a.frtstrip the dead Secretary o State of o ,he many of the attributes with hloh Mr. as SAdams had inveted him, and to orrest ti is his more glaring misstatements of fath. a s And now; with a clean scalpel and consue- U in mate skill Jdge Black proceeds with the oi work of diseecton, and Ia bare all the ii obliquities of Mr. Seward moral nature- a his fluent shallowness ; his utter want of 4 political principle; his pliant, truckling, p treacherous ways; his contempt for law t sad and his cowardly, oruel, vindictive, per- n le secuting spirit. Judge Black's'reply will b is appear in the January number of the Gul to. amy, but the Woerld has had the good for- a rd-tune to obtain a ospy of it in advance, and t Ito reprinted the entire article, occupying some six columb . We have oaly room p for one extract, butit is such uas will whet sat the public appetite for more : ted Sines you and Mr. Welles and Mr. Blair t heir have put on reoord your personal remini- j heir scnces of Seward I will add my contri- t re- bution, believing that the fact I am about 1 lare to mention throws a broader light on his lay4 public character than any which you have g eo- given. When the troubles were at their * oafs worst, certain Southern gentlemen, through I the Judge Campbell, of the Supreme Court, I the tequested me to meet Mr. Seward and see I d to it he ould not give them some giound on the Whidh thby could stand with safety inside easy of the' Union. I consented, and we'met and at the State Department. The conference i aght waslong and earnest. I cannot, within 1 siner these limits, set forth even the substaoe of it. He seemed conscious of his power I and illing to use it in the interests of i sch petce and union, afasr as he Qguld without the rlsk of offending his own 'prty. What I the could he do t Many 'proposltious were Ae0 diseussed, and rejected as being either gee. Impracticable or likely to prove useless, seral before I told him what I felt perfectly sure 1 g the would stop all controversy at once and Love- forever. I proposed that he should simply pledge himself and the incoming Adminis tration to govern according to the oanstitu tion, and upon every disputed point of constitutional law to accept that exposition OUT of it, which had been or might be given by LIaE the judicial authorities. He started at this, became excited and violently declared he would dd no such thing. "That," said he, "is treason ; that would make me agree to ciety the Dred Scott case." In vain I told him after- that he was not required to admit the car e A. rectness of any particular ease, but merely The to submit to it as the decision of the high Wious est.tribunal, from which there could be no first appeal except to the sword. I the ,eu will see that if such a pledge as this i so- had been given and kept, the war could pa- not have taken place ;- it would have left Sient nothing to fight about; and the decent: Seas- men of the Ant.i-Slavery party would have l al- leat nothing by it which they ipretended cunom to want, for even the Dred Scott case had the inured to their practical beneit. But Mr. sera- Seward must have given up the higher law )rally and denied himself the pleasuse of kidnap : was ping Democrats. ten to I had never before heard that treason were was obedience to the Constitution as con strued by the courts; but this prepared 1ht to me to learn, as I did some time afterward, tell that the correlative virtue of loyalty con snd ssatwe in trampling the laws under font. tat What should the world think of the states ich a manship which introduced these notions t nmon I do not know, but I believe that Mr. sonly Seward, in consequence of the conversa is an tion above mentioned, got Mr. Lincoln to r one commit himself in the inaugreal to the told absurd sad mischievous declaration that he would not take his law from the Sn taker, preme Court, but weuld take it from the aspect Chicago Convention. Your address has social undoubtedly done much to diminish what little confidence was left in the Govern st be ment as a protection to our personal rights. re of We cannot help but feel that the security times of life, liberty and property must be fear a way fully slender in a country where a citizen to be of your standing can openly say that the owner and tinkler of the little bell was a com- statesman wh1ose example ought to be uni sie of versally copied. hear You are a leader of the party calling it ny of self., "Liberal Republican," whose plat. form is a protest against iniquity in high way places, and whose movements area strug gle for the restoration of honest govern-, Id be meat. Your compatriots know, if you do times, not, that the evils kiey deplore were in bond. troduced by the man you advise them to iwas mitate. The party you oppose for its other hideous corruption, has but fashioned its ch iso moral and political principles upon the aying model which you now declare to be fall of were beauty and goodness. Your personal con ,hood, sistency is nothing; but to go back in this s was way, not only on yourself, but on your d cor- friends and your country, is too bad. would In the course of various meohanical and false- manufacturing operations it has been found viting necessary to test the strength of various metals, d not and from one of the statements of the trials rather made we compile the following: A bar of east lead. one inch square, breaks under a strain thof 860 oounds; a bar of east gold of similar dimensions will break under a strain of 22,000 ty of pounds; a bar of east silver will not break until the strain reaches 44,500 pounds; Obar were of cast iron will remain intact until the strain ngue. reaches 60,000 pounds; the best wrought iron ipting will bear a weight of 84,000 pounds to a bar roman a aob square; and a similar bar of steel has hons- been made of such tenacity as to lift the weight rve to of 150,000 pounds before breaking. An alloy of two metals nearly always possesses greateor band tenacity than either one does so parately. d be, strip ofsound oak wood an inch square has rrible been found to lift and sustain 17,800 pounds losed. before breeaking, and a similar strip of locust sub- 20,000 pounda in Contous CanMasn Paovxuass.-The ripest fruit grows on the rou hest wall. It is the tcen. snhal) wheels of the carrng that come in firt. post- The man who holds the ladder at the bottom Is frequently of more service than he who is stationed as the top of it. Better be a eat in s philanthropist's family than a mutton at a , the king's banquet. Tree merit, like the pearls sostl inside an oyster, is contented to remain quiet ip sad till it fnds an opening. Pride slsepe in gilded arl crown. contentment in a cotton night cap. We take pleaosure in referring to the advers. S~. /misent of Mseors. lonner, Sheehan & Bu., who have ssive just reelvod a large stock of tides, shoulders, mes arethi pork, sngar-.ersd bams and sbchoice lard, whlhob the are ILper obring in lets to selt at the lowestposibleprldes. werip This enterprisng rm has always on hbnd a full line of th of meots and provisions, and purchasers will do well to sitrs the a call. Ceramio Art. The manufacture of pottery is one of 10 a the most ancient, if not the oldest of the e arts. The earliest recorded history of the r. Egyptians and Jews makes mention of bl r. this most common and useful employment, is and it is said that the Egyptians attribut- wl "| ed its discovery to the gods, which I A a. confirmative proof that plastic art preced, I1 ed their reorded hisor ry. It is tatisfaot . if orlry shown both that the ebrews used r. eI arheware vessels in the wilderness, and et that the plter's trae w~At a beeuently a variewed, on in a'estine, In such 4- tImsatIo was tahsaee heluad by hee an SoIeas toLat the poi : paintingsp minutely e ilSrte.the variousl proesses of its .mu ufaotre ., The clay, when dug, was trod. of den by men's feet into the condition of Spaste, mpst of the ware first made being of St •rer otaor o unglaed elay. When the I r- marial was free from lump it was placed illby the pottor o the wheel besid whih b She sat, ad while the latter was turned i - swiftly, by a motion ono. the lower limb, ad th ei wa s shapesdint thotoe ared fore a with hbhbands.. When nli bs and pro m pelyshaped, the veasl was baked In a t urnace or ven prepared exproessy for the purpose. Subsequently. the proeess of . glazing was discovered, and the surfao of air the vessel was smoothed and coated with i- vitreous substance, supposed to be similr ri to the modern article, the basis of which is hir In the cit of Jerusalem there' was a ye royal establishment of potters, from whose eir employment and place of work, and gh from the fragments thrown away, the t, Potters' ield is supposed to have derived ae its name, it afterwards being used as a on common burying place for the inhabitaits. ier The discoveries of baked earthenwrein t the ruins of ancient cities show that Itsr 1 aOe manufacture was greatly extended ande bin belonged to natons widely separate and and e differing greatly in their habits and ens nere tows. One fact i cpa , that the manu of facture of porcelain was known to the, out Chinese many centuries before our ere, Sat and it was first introduced into Europe re from that scontry~yoPortugues merchhtqo her about the year 1500. ea, The Chinesb kept its method of produc=o are tion a secret, but chemists experimented nd and analyed its broken parts, and in ply 1895, a native of France succeeded in imi ais- tating it though very imperfectly. A itu- German chemist, one John Frederick of Bottcher, subsequently, and after repeated ion trials, was enabled in 1715 to make a more perfect ware of this description. his, In 1765 the French Government estab I he lished a factory at Sevres, which has since he, extended its fame world-wide on account e to of its superior ware and its elegance of him style and decoration. car- Previous to this, however, the Majolica rely and Maresco pottery were the favorite igh- wares in Europe, and as early as the year Sno 1100 had attained a reputation in Spain, France, Italy, and other countries. The this moat ancient pottery of note mas that of Mid the. Etrnsi~nsp their work being of such. left exquisite model and beauty as to rank canokg the finest worses f art. To this r day tdes Etruscan style is highly prized and od always claims the unbound di'edmlratiou of had ' iquaielU; It is said that the original Mr. modls or these exceedingly fes wares were law known to both the Assyrians and Moors at, rap- a date very much earlier than mention .ise usually aide by writers on this interesting aen sn jeat. con- The celebrated vases of the Spezieria, in ared Majolica, for which it is said Queen Chris Ba-d, tiana, of Sweeden, offered their weight in - old, were the productions of Battles rt nieot abelte e Cols, and Orasio Fon tes. tana. The latter is said to have been the ins t most celebrated painter of his time. He Mrh had no equal in the execution of his gems rsa- of art, or i calculating the effect of the n to fre on his wares. the In the Japanese palae at Dresden, are a that hundred and eighty pieces of Majolica, Sn- dating from 15.2, to 1596, the subjects being the either copied from BiLcal history or Greek has mythology. rha The introduction of Oriental porcelain ern- and itspapbsequent manufacture in Europe ghts. contributea greatly to the iecary and al irity most entire cessation of the manufacture rear- of Majolica, and called forth the following izen lament from Abbe Passeri. "MMjolica,' the ibe says, " which once graed the tables of as a kings, adorned the apartments of the nhi- greatest noblet, embellished temples, paps ed over seas and mountais,.,sap a that Sit- spread' thd h0nbrble' fame of r ur. raprics iat- far and wide is now helorn of all.srnown high and retnahrs only aq object of curiedy., Drug- In some parts of England the mannfad 'ern' alure of pottery is carried on upon thle saye a do ground used fr, that purpose during the in- Roman ocation of the country. Tie n to production of porcelain and other ware, is r italso extensive and ia s gene~aly ,of fine I its style and material. Josiah Wedgewoph Sthe began to make hbi. elebrated cream-p.., all of ored ware in 1760, azid th article is still con- manufactured undes the same tade-mark. this He brought it to such perfection as to ljni your tate cameos and precious stones,and it I.e said, could deceive the ordinary observer by his counterfeit'semiblnce of jasper. ad At a recent exhibition of Chinese and 'ound Japanese vases in London, the., former sta, several hund red In nmber-were embel trs lished with brass mountings, apparently at let into the paute previously to behing baked. train These ornaments represented dragoons, er fish, dogs, et., and were unique in appea sanches. The vae themselves were perfect abar specimens of their kind, and had elabo rain rately finished illustrations of Chinese life iron in the hihest style of their art, and of the br moet brilleant oloring. The Japanese yhrs es were fewer in number, but ono pair eabout four fet high wore of auenrpuring . beaunty. The panels ono eac ide bad pie A tlures of different subjects; armog othebr ea native boatman on a stream, with wild nd ducks starting up in confusion. Thisseene scuat was remarkably well executed in iaqase and gold, while on she opposite panel wore horned pheasants in silver and gold, p perched upon trees. Tile effect wu most I striking, and called forth tbe highest eno. Item miums from every beholder. ho is If our shools ol designs would turn their at in attestion to manufacturesof this ehauotera, at a we might i the course of a few year. eal attain somse profeiincy in the highor l~ie branches of the cereasi art; but as [tJl we ar alnowing other counties to carry.of all the laurels in this wide field.--N. F. iMn ercoatile Journal. Any man can .be cheerful when in the midst 47aore brave when there is no danger, drustful ~When there ar no causes for eis enfronte~by adversity, brought face to faeJ 'suto with peril, and assaited by doubts as to the existence of human virtue and good/faith. The "eadstone" a eals,. of [Oakland (Oregon) Ceweasum e In recent issue of y he article headed "The i of ble Case of Hydropho t, terested me, and for t-who are Inlinbd to doubt Sedlemay of such stones of a ase whibh ame under my pero 'observation. d Several years ago I lived in Northwest d Missouri, and at that time had a son se . ourt sx year, who s ,bttena id. atyonal, al. ' w Counell SIowa. As a frlr hope, my started after thesstes. He rode oa Ulh horseback ahat d' day, sad returnae e from hWsWal on with the mad stones the fifth day after t bite. We had but little coufieee is re medies. The wound nearly hed, yaws a were directed to shave or sape the a of about it slightly, so that the ps l oos out, but not so that the blood weold s ow. We applied one of the stea s, Sstrange to relate, it w l seem to I ie to the wound. For the ratfew dais it would remain upon the wound, absorb ing all the pus, - matter, which fowed Sout, for about twelve hours at a time, u anwould then detach itself and drop After a time it took longe for the pe the ll, and ctnseq, unl.y the s w .a ' Sstick for a corresponiatngy geoat. The last application was on the thi teenth day iftgp',jho bitq, and thoi U tstone stuck"oto° Jor a-eight bogrs and would adhere no oer. reaehapp>u Scation wde washed n thoronugily dqased the stone stone warm water. Gradplly, as snn- the stone se tPe w- th4 poison out of te the 'pus, It, m1o4 fer e eldcit arm sinking. a __ a . oo e am op s ý it b o aresa ant ad La 6frlod mre ed, f whrich hl"t v offensive smell, but which fn an , beat d- During the whole operation the paties ted was quite ic, and grew very pale a d in weak, his whole nervous system seemin m to be shattered. He fully recovered at and never afterward manifested any sigg rick of the malady resulting from the bite. B. ted yon may enquire how we knew that t nore dog was mad. I myself aw it mnnifest a the symptoms of bydrophodla. It wassee ab- to bite two hogs, and both of them became since mad, one of them in two weeks and th out other in three weeks. We let them rav e of for a few days, and then shot them. The stone that we used was about lic inch and a half long, half an inch in di rite tr and of a light gray color. It was pore year resembling in many respects pieces of pain, that I have seen. Where it was found The do , ot know, nor can I give its eolo at of classifation. Certain it is it cured our b such as my husband and many others can test rank U e. N. ERes. The Postmaster at Oakland endorset I and above communication by saying: on of that the lady is truthful, as my aeq s ginsi ance with her for fourteen years j rwe TnsH PLA5Usts or Tai DUL.--T' n i mented by the pains of thnkloig, I ha ting often envied the placid peace of these w cannot think at all. How delightihl in must be, I ave said to myself, to be a brie- to hold the most utterly contradle ;ht in views on all things, divine and h ttista without the faintest suspicion as to on- inconsistency, or any ogical horror of a the consistency itself I Women, with He slonal exceptions, are not much tronu! s by such inconsistencies. Are they, th rrthe fore, less happy than men t How sooth it must be to be hopelessly, incapable are a syllogisms! What pangs is not a olica spared that refuses to admit that if A is bem' and C is A, therefore C is also B ! reeadmirable wives and mothers and daugh there are, and what praiseworthy coon eain parson too, to whom all this bepuznlem grope about A.B, aliad C is Sealjpteliigiblesi d ae- conjrerisjiberiat" SqioEng it eres. cture denly plroved thit' all our astronomers wrong, and thkt the unu really goes ro i the earth, what thetOfble agonfe sah Q q l f thinkin lte "endure who believe ! th matbe tis and the multiplication-ta. and what a hideots kepticis wo t en the rest of our llV'es'! ltthlh ance g multittlde Woutd' be Iuiov ', , dine ,'d!eest,&Aid 'sep, as ueons . as itCoiehions Ihd 1dwton had b n isted. Thbn, again, thete is that g th e capacityfor e''nyiq hnatthyi The in my unfoto t Rt ofrdo Sis det t I neivr walk thtjdu l d f fine lled, with eighteebth-cetqrt fu e without envying the eimplit, ta.nd n- ty of my ancestors. How "easily m at gendration have been pleased ihi mark. beauty in those spindle-leggede '- tables, and which could'plauter u i roof or screen, and paint asonis v erver oak-eain a pale-blue color and itseTf refreshed b the effct ! There end limits, indeed, to one'senvy of the e a ture I will not call it the barbai smt-.of me- past. By no posUiblel effort of s can I wish ro feel athose felt WhaO L oed to contemplate King GeorgeabV ., l i n tight oat andt silkr tockingt, slttle his royo ofet, wi t arm oustretoh~ e d eletyitlby Sir Thomas :Lawrene. " Ab itIs related that a grocer in rf the . ehad a chest of tea stolen from in e of his store, several weeks 'ago, ands pir relishing uch treatment, he set n ssnl nouios trap to catch the thieve, w ipie- proved eueeesful. Hehlled a larige 'rswith sawdstefr.n t botriga olev in en wid bottom, anr d et It out in fronifte sho. see About seavern o'lock t, wiu eiuI tt aeI a the men 'n tshe shts lorea-tt, werechest wds stolen. I old, esily fourd by mesnusefthe sawdust most thoUlh' the tlr wil neot then found wam subsequently ateite however.. • fr . ._........_.. . - - . * vi.e...' . I"'-- ·u / / I i 0 fooe D··Leadth m t. sa, ,esi5" p~.e, "- Is them ,u ae s es.