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Morning Star and Catholic Messenger.
PUBRIIanzD NYRRY SUNDAY M xORING. REV. A. J. RYAN, NDITOR-IN-CIIIEP. NWW ORLE.ANS. SNDAY. FEBRUARY I, 1874. OUR CLUB RATUS soR PA21RS eNeT NY MAIL TO ON1 ADDRDE S (oieyear) ............... 300 e ................ 12 0 aGoples . .................. 22 0 IwuatyCopies " ................... 40 00 No orders will receive attention unless so empanled by the cash. Agents for the Star. LOlnUNEAN. . Laxasux, Franklin. Tm. Dwcoax, Baton Bouge. mA . X.1. GI.naonsR, 211 Postoffice st., Galveston. J. N. LATmeNDZCxR, LMaedo. Q. C. Bsvzus, Houston. eaose. J. J. O'Comeas., Savannah. moans Nxsoze, Macon, Oa. - a- uzssuri. MaRTX Buax, Natches. "N. F. OwEN., Vickaburg. CALENDAR OF THE WEEW. Fab e I-Septoagontma Sunday. _....Frb. -Pnriflcatlon of the B. V. Mary. Tussday.....Fsh. 3-St. Blase, Bishop and Martyr. Wedassday..Wb. 4-St. Andrew Ceraini, Bishop and Confessor. tU*5ddy...Fsbh. 5-St. Agatha. Virgin and Martyr. ttday.......Fse. 5-St. Titus, Bishop and Confessor. Stray....Feb. 7-St. Rotenuald. Abbot To avoid unnecessary delay, all letters, communications and post-office orders eshould be addressed "Editor Morning Star." (Oflcial.). Regulations for Lent for the Diocese of Natches. During Lent we allow the usne of flesh meat on all days except Wednesdays and Fridays, the Ember Days and Holy Saturday. The law of abstaining from flesh meat is bind iag on all who are not exempted by reason of bad health or necessity-even on children, from the age of seven years; and parents com fit a mortal sin every time they allow their okildren to eat meat when it is forbidden. All persons are bound to fast who have reached the age of twenty-one years, unless lawfully exempted on account of hard labor or bad health-concerning which they ought to consult their pastor or confessor, and accept from him some other good work to be per formed in place of fasting. Mothers, either bearing children or suckling them, would do wroog to fast. The law of fasting requires that a person should not eat more than one full meal in the day, and not until midday, or near it. A collation may be taken in the evening, but it should not exceed the fourth part of an ordinary dinner, or at most eight ouncee. When meat is allowed on week days in Lent, persons who are bound to fast cannot use meat except at the one principal meal. On Sundays it may be used at every meal. It is not allowed to eat flesh and fish at the same meal in Lent-not even on Sundays. In the morning, the drinking of coffee, etc., is not forbidden, but there is no permission to eat, unless it be so little that the law is not presumed to notice it. Sometimes, also, persons whose health or occupations would not allow them to fast rigorously, may, by eating a small amount, be enabled to observe the fast in part. In such cases it is laudable. By order of the Right Rev. Bishop. MI. F. GnIc.NoN, V. G. To Stcnsc itusRS IN MoII.E ANtD rUISTLER. Mr. George J. Pritchard, for some yearn con nected with this office, will visit Mobile and Whistler on the 10th inst., on a collecting and canvassing tour. CANI'LEMAS DAY.-The feast of the Purifica tion of tbo Blessed Virgin Mary occurs to morrow. Our readers know of the beautiful custom prevailing throughout the Church to bless candles on that day. Multitudes of the faithfel have the habit of keeping such can dles in their houses, while they leave many in the churches as an offering for the use of the altar. It is to be hoped that all Catholics will - remember the necessity of illuminating their altars with a good deal of splendor on many oecasions and take a pleasure of making an offering to that end aceording to their means. RITUALE ROMANIM.-Mr. Gogarty has re oeived from the publishing house of Murphy & Co.. Baltimore, an elegant edition of the " Roman Ritual" in red and black letter. The typography is clear, large and beautiful, while the paper and binding are of the finest quality. When we add that the work is unabridged, containing the fullest instructions, notations of mnsic, formulas, etc., we know that the Rev. clergy will see the propriety of examining the work for themselves. THu CIarnDRAL.-To-morrow, Monday, the Feast of the PuriBeation of the Most Blessed Virgin, His Grace, the most Rev. Archbishop, will say Mass at 7 o'olock at the altar of our Lady of Lonrdes. At 8 o'clock, before High Mass, His Orace will bless the candles after having addressed an allooution to the faithful. ST. PRTER'S CnURCe.-The Very D. Manucy, of Montgomery, Ala., will preach at High Mass to-day, at the Church of 88. Peter and Paul, Third District, Rev. C. Moynihan, pastor. Father Manucy is one of the most diatingalshed of the priests of the Catholic churoh Booth, and in Montgomery, Ala., where he is sta tioned, be has made many converts from among the most intelligent Protestants of that intellectual capital. The community of religious of the Sacred Heart have experienced a severe loss in the death of their Superior General, Madame Jose phine Gootz, who died at the mother-house, in Paris, on the 4th of January. Father Glesen's Lecture. Last Monday evening St. Alphonsus' Hall was thoroughly filled with the crowd that assembled to hear the lecture an nounced to be delivered by the Rev. Father Glesen in favor of the- Sisters of Mercy. There was not a spare seat in the Hall, and all available places for standing were filled with auditors who could not fin8d chairs, while many left from inability to effect an entrance. The very high esteem in whichb lather Glesen is held in this community and the anticipations based by the public on his reputation as a speaker were amply attested by the audience whichb, on this oo. casiou, greeted him notwithstanding the dogmatic character of his subject and the general antipathy of a New Orleans publio to lectures. Many of our esteemed clergy were on the platform, among whom could be observed the Rt. Rev. Bishop Elder, of Natches, and a namber of our most intelli gent Protestant fellow*citizens were no. ticeable in the audience. The endaring affection of his former parishioners was plainly manifested by the emotion exhib ited at the moment of his appearance. Long as had been the separation, the memory of his zeal and his affectionate in terest in all that concerned the spiritual and temporal welfare of his fleock, was still vivid, and brought tears of joy to the eyes of many. Difficult as was the subject for treat ment in anything of a popular style, the Rev. lecturer held his hearers spell-bound for over an hour and a half by the charm of his eloquence, while discussing it. He limited himself in its consideration to three points, first, the possibility of transubstan tiation; second, its recognition as a doc trine in all ages; and third, its relative necessit*. It would be rash in us to undertake from memory, even a synopsis of this learned and brilliant discourse. Without attempting it, we merely add that its style was marked by the varying traits of familiar illusnetra tion and profound learning, of racy humor and noble dignity, of amusinog anecdote and genuine pathos. One illustration used in the first division of the subject was drawn from the transmatation of food by the digestion of animals. It is very pos sible, said the Rev. lecturer, for God to turn into flesh and blood the food which we eat, for this is done through the agency of our stomachs every day. If thus God can, in the course of four or five hours, transmate bread into living human flesh and blood, by the natural laboratory of the stomach, why can He not do it instantly and without the agency of the stomach t And if you every day see the former operation and do not wonder at it, though perfectly incompre hensible, why wonder at the latter and call it impossible The second branch of the subject called forth many learned and beautiful historical allusions. Poetry, painting, sculpture, architecture, music, were in turn called up to testify how genius had always chosen for its highest effort the commemoration of the wonderful mystery of transaubstan tiation. To doubt its prevalence through out Christendom as a doctrine, were to deny the existence of all the master-pieces of every art in all ages. The necessity of the doctrine was shown in the facts that otherwise the Jews would have been more favored before the coming of the Messiah than Christians have been since; that the great anticipations of a glorious legacy to be left by our Lord anticipations so often and so pointedly raised by His own promises-would have been totally disappointed in getting nothing but a bit or broad and a sup of wine; and that the highest and sweetest proof of His burning, insatiable love of man would have Ibeen wanting. r We can only regret that it is beyond our Spower to give something like a condensed Ssketch of a discourse which most have made an ineffaceable impression, on all who had the good fortune to hear it. CONCERT AT ST.JOHN'S CHURCHr.-Our rend ers will remember that this evening, at a o'clock, a Concert will be given in St. John the Baptist's Church, Dryades street. The pro gramme, which will be found among the ad vertisements on our fifth page, promises a musical entertainment of rare excellence. In the list of those who are to sing on the oco sion will be observed the names of esch dis tinguished amateurs as Misses Lovell and Mer cier, Mistresses Pierce and Elliot and Messrs Krebbs and Boremans. The proceeds are to be devoted to the uses of the church. We have received from Messrs. L. Soards & Co., publishers, a copy of "Soards' New Or leans Directory for 1874," which contains a large amount of useful and interesting in formation, besides the mstter usually found in snch works. We extract the following table of the population of our city by wards: Firt - .-........................................ is 134 Tenthd.................. ..... . .... ... .... 23,tS35 Thirde...........................a.e........ sso.... 5 Sixth-- ------1,955 The S oev sbencrntlhopl.........59,31m a 4i Eighth ...................... 15.577 Tenth .........5.... .......,.... 3.157 nestnly exeented, and should meet with a.... large1 Thireenth-- -- -- e.495 Feurteenib--------............ 1.737 Filth District ........ 0,2............. .31 The work has been carefully· compiled and is neatly executed, and should meet with a large andready sale. Unequal Education. Ourcotemporary, the New York Tablet, has in its last issue a reprint of an article on " Unequal Education," taken from the .Evangelist, a Protestant paper of that city. The Eeangelist argues at considerable length that edeucation should be addressed as directly to the soul as to the intellect, and complains that so great a preponder ance is given in public schools to the mere acquisition of leaining. It is strongly opposed to that system of educeation which leaves no time, or makes no provision, for spiritual training. This is certainly a great advasce on the part ofan inflneatial Protestant organ, and betrays an awakening sense of the short comings of the fatal plan of education which is raining the moral character of the American people. But we hope that the Bansgelist will go even further in its ideas. It claims now that schools ought to be dis missed early on Wednesdays and pupils remitted to the instruction of their Sunday school teachers. Why not recognize the whole truth at once and be convinced that spiritual and intellectual training ought to go hand in hand every moment ofthe school day ? The whole influence of the teacher, his allusions, bhis illustrations, bhis manner-all should tend to All the mind and heart of his pupils with a reverence for things holy. This is the real spiritual training without which a certain amount of cramming with catechism and Bible history will not amount to anything. Compulsory Education. It is surprising to see how easily a good many well-meaning Protestants and honest non-Catholics are galled by the Infidel cry of compuleory education. We have seen papers, professedly religious, advocating this peculiar invention of the Serpent, on the groand that intelligence was in itself adverse to crime, and that the education of its people was a dictate of self-preserva tion for the nation. We have about three observations to make on that point at this present time. 1st. There is not a shadow of necessary I connection between intelligence and inno cence. The Devil is extremely learned, as are also many of the most noted Atheists and reprobates among men. On the other hand, the greatest innocence and virtue are often found among an illiterate peasan Stry. And on principle, there is no goed reason for nsupposing that an accurate knowledge of arithmetic, or grammar, or geography, will incline one to contemn the things of this world and give his affections to God. It seems manifest to us that the greatest illumination of the mind may be effected without arousing a single good im pulse of the heart. 2d. If education is a necessary element of preservation in government, where did the intelligence come from to organize the government. If men without any previous I compulsory education are found sufficiently instructed to give shape and life to a new Ination, how can we pretend that suanch a nation will perish because its citizens are left to the same accidents of education as those which surrounded its founders t 3d. Compulsory education means too much for the good of our Protestant friends I themselves. It concedes to the government a power which is virtually the right of con trolling conscience and dictating religious belief. If government can enforce educa tion, it may find it necessary to abolish all schoole but its own. The other schools would weaken its own too much, they would in its opinion be equal to no schools at all, they would not give education enough, - or of the right kind, to save the nation, if education ois a necessity, the right kind of education is a necessity, and the government could suppose that to be attainable in its own I schools only. Such would be the argument. How would our Protestant sectariane I like that And it is not a fancy sketch by any means. It is exactly what is happen ing now in Prussia. That nation is break Sing up all the Catholic schools on one Ipretext or another, so that compulsory Seducation may carry the children into the - Bismarck-Infidel schools. Now suppose that a government should say : "Your children must go to school. You shall close all schools bat mine for they disarrange my system. Therefore your children shall all go to my schools. As I have the right to educate them, I have the right to say of what that educa tion shall consist. I say they shall be taught the noble, free, liberal, enlarged, untrammeled doctrines of Materialism and Atheism. I will have no more of that nonsense among my people which will warp their judgments and enelave their souls. Your absurd superstitions and theological slavery would ruin our coun try and shall not be taught*" What would the so-called Christian sects think of this? Yet concede to govern meet the right of compulsory education and you concede the whole control and construction of that education. If Infidelity got into control it would not hesitate a moment at exercising most despotically a power so improvidently conceded. ST. JOSRI-Il's PARxISI.-Next SBnday evening, 5th February, the Emmet Dramatic Club will give a performance in St. Joseph's Hall for the benefit ef the new church. Tickets fifty cent. Brownson and the Mirror. In the last number of the Baltimote fMirror, one of our most valued Catholio exchanges-we regret to And an article upon our venerable reviewer, from the con clusions of which we are forced to dissent. Ino the last number of his Beview, Mr. Browneon notices at some length and in the most complimentary terms a recently published biogsaphy of the late Archbishop Spalding, written by his nephew, the Rev. J. L. Spalding, of Kentucky.. - In that ar ticle the reviewer naturally recurs to some of his own reminiscences of the deceased prelate, and to his own estimate of his abilities. That estimate may be wrong; but we know that human judgment is always prone to error, and honest errors ought not to be treated with the severity which we And in this comment of the Mirror. So far, however, as we can perceive, after a careful perusal of the article criticised, Mr. Brownson puts the venerable Archbishop on one of the highest pinnacles, if not the very highest one, of the glorious structure of. fame which the American hierarchy has reared by its labors. There Is not a pre late or priest, of those whom he finds wor thy to place in comparison with him, to whom we can find that he accords even an equal position. With those who had the honor of know ing the Archisbop personally, as was the case with the writer of these remarks, any suggestion that there could be any offence which he would not forgive, would be en tirely inadmissible. The genial, kindly sweetness of his frank and loving nature forbids the thought. Mr. Brownson uses one expression which would seem to em brace such a charge. He says of him, "he certainly resented eour criticisms and, we fear he never pardoned them." This may refer to the literary aspect of the offence. If, however, it is meant to indicate a per sonal uncharitableness, we are forced to dissent from Mr. Brownson's opinion. In any other respect, however, we find no com ment which an honest critic would not be at liberty to make. His charge of a Gallican tendency on the part of early American Catholics, and es pecially some of their most distinguished prelates, may be incorrect, but we do not doubt the reviewer's sincerity in making it Neither can it be considered a charge of the greatest gravity, considering the nam bars of pious, zealous and conscientious Catholics who in those days were unfortu nately tainted with that error. In addition to these things, the Mirror recalls Mr. Brownson's theological errata, and his political proclivities durlng the late war. As to the first, we have forgot ten them; we remember only the graceful, humble, Christian manner in which the venerable reviewer referred to them, only to condemn them, in his introduction to the present series of his work. It would almost be worth while to commit an error occasionally, if one could do so innocently, just to have the glory of admitting it. The passions of the war may have carried Mr. Brownson far beyond the bounds of reason and of charity. Circumstances at that time estranged us from his writings. But it is as a Catholic, nota politician, that we suppose him to be a reviewer. If hereafter we should find him mingling the baleful glow of sectional hatred with even the purest iight of orthodoxy in faith, we of the South should necessarily be obliged to seek our illumination elsewhere. But we cannot perceive such an animus in the article crltidised by the Mirror, though it is directly charged by that paper. On the contrary, we find a most kindly and flatter ing appreciation of the Southern character, giving it credit, on his part, for noble qualities which he would regret to see passing away before the "Yankeeizing" influences of Northern immigration. We must confess, however, to great sur prise on finding In the article in question a really coarse fling at the Baltimore Mirror, a paper eminent for its ability and discrimi nation. And we have no doubt that the great Review, of which all American Catho lice have a right to be proud, can remain truly great and truly Catholic, only by avoiding sectional issues and local col lisions. CHURcH OF TIHE HOL.v NAME OF MARY, ALOEzRS.-The friends of the congregation of this church will be pleased to learn that the Southern Minstrel Club has kindly volunteered its services for a performance in aid of the new church. The performance will take place on the premises of the presbytery, next Sunday, Feb. 8th, at 7:30 p. M. The doors will open at half past six. Admission for grown persons will be 50 cents; children half price. The gentlemen of this club have given performances in other parishes with great satisfaction to all audiences, and we doubt not that they will, on this occasion, fully realize the pleasurable anticipations of the good people of Algiers. Ovn LADY or LOURDEB.-We have received from Mr. P. F. Gogarty, 151 Camp street, pub lisher, a copy of the photograph of the grotto 4 of Lonrdea In our Cathedral. The photograph was taken by Then. Lilienthal, Esq., and is a 1 good representation of this beautiful grotto, I which was erected by His Grace in the Cathe- i dral, and dedicated by him with such magnifi - cent ceremony on the feast of the Immaculate Conception. When is a clock on the stairs dangeronus When it runs down. st. Patriers air. Last Friday evening this fair, which prom ises to be one of the most brilliant and sne cessful of the season, was opened in Odd Fellows' Hall. For month. past the most influential ladies eof the parishab, assisted by many from adjoining parishes, have been en gaged in preparations for this entertainment, and that they have met with a flatterlng ano cess in their labors, will be at once admitted by even the most Indifferent observer. The tables are fairly loaded down with beautiful works of art, jewelry, trinkets, vases, lowers, etc.; many of the articles exhihbited giving lnoontestible proof of the industry and skill of the young ladles of our city. Neither time nor labor has been spared by these young la dies in their eforts to equal if noet to eurpass the works of regular artists; and we think that simple justice demands of visitors that they bestow their favors with a liberal hand in enoouragement of souch well directed seal. Is the advertisement on the fifth page of this paper will be seen the names of the several tables and of the ladies who have assumed the task of dispensing the hospitalities of each. A fll list is also contained therein of the oon tests which form a distinguishing feature at this Fair. Among these are several which have already created considerable excitement in the community and whish bid fair to at tracot to the hall hundreds of people from all parts of the city. These are: for the horse and buggy, Mayor Wilts vs. District Attorney McPhelin; for the gold watch, Gen. Badger, Chief of Police, vs. John O'Neil, a leading member of the Hibernian Asrociation; silver punch-bowl, contestants, William Conway, Hugh Cassidy and S. McNamara The Fair will continue till the 9th inst., and as it is held for the laudable purpose of paying off the debt incurred in making the grand old Church of St. Patrick what it should be, an honor to our city and a monument to the faith of our people, we trust that each and everyone of our citizens will give It an earnest support. A Matter for the Consideration of Heads of Fam ilies. (From lather McGlynn's Great Lecture in New York.! " See here, soenny, what is the matter with yonu 1" "Why, I'm an orphan." " Where is your father t" "Father's dead." " How old was your father when he died !" "'bout forty." About forty! and with his Irish constitution he should have lived twenty to forty years more. Only forty; he's no business to be dead! Do you re member, my friends, the stupid old song about the man who was being "waked t" But before I quote it as an illustration, I will tell you what I think about a " wake." What a sacrilege it is-to call it by its proper name-this outrage upon the sacred presence of death-this messenger of God! that shbould teach men more forcibly than any other preacher, to be better, nobler, purer. What other preacher can tell, in a voice so terrible, of the nothingness of time, of the all-importance of eternity of the presence of God and of his dreaAful jsdgment ! There is the Angel of God; and there are the friends of the dead man enjoying themselves and in many cases getting drunk, fighting and rioting, and talking obscenely, making night hideous, and making virtue and modesty hide their faces in the presence of the messenger of God, of sacred death ! Well in the stupid old ssng, which I use for an illustration, a man was dead, "stone dead," and his friends were gathered about him at the "wake." They had some hot whiskey-the smell of it was very good and the story goes on to say, the dead man eat up, when lie saw what they were doing. And says he: "When such good staff as that is going round, do you think I'd be such a fool as to be dead t" And so I say now of the father of this imegin ary boy, he has no business to be dead. He is worse than a "fool" to be dead. He is a criminal to be dead. He is a thief for being dead, and a murderer besides, Ho has killed himself long before his time le cocbmitted suicide, a murderer. He was a thief and a robber ; for he robbed this boy of what he has a right to. He had a right to a good training and educa tion ; he had a right to a good example, and his father has robbed him of all this by destroying himself. He ought to be working for his child, keeping him and clothing him; by word and example he should be teaching hin faith and morality. He should be giving him an education by keepinog him at school, and sending him to church. He should be bringing him up an honest member of the church and of society ; but in place of that he by being dead robbed him of all. That man had perhaps twenty years of life before him, and- by drinking he has died by his own hand and left that boy to be a burden upon society, to prey upon it -a curse to himself and others. And this is not unfrequently the crime of the simple "moderate drinker," who has yet commit ted suicide, by dying long before his time, and who perhaps "had never been drunk in his life." Let us call up another vag rant-"What is the matter with you t where is your father 7" "I don't know," "Is he dead 7" "I don't know." "Where il your mother V" "She's in jail," "What is she in jail for 7" "She is a hard drink er and she got into a fight with a woman that lived on the same foor. She, too, was a hard drinker. She made a com plaint against my mother." And so she was sent up for six months. He dosn't know where his father is. Perhaps he too was a hard drinker, whose life has gone out suddenly, far away ; and his mother in jail ! The St. Alphonsus Total Abstinence Society and the St. Aloysius Cadet Society, meet to day. See advertisements on fifth page. DRATHl OW A SIsTER ow HoLy C 8os&.-The Order of the Marianite Sisters of Holy Cross has met with a severe loss in the death of Bis ter Mary of St. John the Evangelist, which occurred at St. Mary's Orphan Boys' Asylam, Third District, Monday last, January 20th, 1874. Sister Mary, in the world, Mibs Anna Collins, was born on the 13th of November, 1835, at Woodfield, parish of Lisevard, county Cork, Ireland. She entered the Order in Bel gium on the 20th of December, 1858, and re ceived the Holy Habit May 12th, 1860. On the 26th of February, 1863, she made her solemn profession. SRequciscac in Pace. ;-L~;. c.-: t~~ -i~~ eS ZDITSOIAL AVD OTIM 1ITE3. " Does one woman in Afty fill the lower half of her longe with air "' Is the stern inquiry of a sanitary exchange. Clerical neokties for the ladles are the latest. They are of white mull, and made exactly like those worn by Episcopal olergymen. Col. John Forsyth, editor of the Mobile Register, is spoken of as the probable candidate of the Conservatives for Governor of Alabama. The diamonds and point lace won by the wife of Hon. Ben. Wood at the Orphan Asylam ball, N. Y., last month, were valued at $140,000. Tihe $P5,000 presented to the Holy Father on Christmas by Dr. Chatard was the gift of the Diocese of Philadelphia, and not, as reported, of the Catholics of the whole United States. A Cincinnati paper says that Gen. oScott was killed by a letter, so was Mr. Clay, and so was Caleb Cushing, and wants to know if it is not probable that Jodge Waite has written one too.. A newspaper imp is responsible for the fol lowing cure for bed-buge with salt water: This will make the bugs dry, and while they are gone after a drink more your bed into an other room. A bachelor says if you hand a lady a news paper with a paragraph cut out of it, not a line of it will be read, but every bit of inter est felt in the paper by the lady will centre in finding out what the missing paragraph con tained. Said a professor in a college to a notorious slouggard, who was once, for a wonder, prompt. ly in his place at morning prayers at the ap pointed time, " I marked you, sir, as punctual this morning. What is yonr excuse ?" "S-a-sick, sir, and couldn't sleep," was the reply. The first canaon ball ever fired in the United States for the purpose of saving lives was a 24-pound shot, which was fired on the 12th of January, 1850, over the ship Ayrshire, wrecked on the Squam Beabch. Having a line attached, it was the means of saving the lives of 201 pereons. The ball is now -at the Capitol in Washington. Some waggish sonl having stated that the line, "though lost to sight, to memory dear," originated with Rathren Jenkins, and first appeared in the Gentlenman's Magazinefor Ma rines, in 1701 and 1702, the London Illustrated News fell into the trap, and, having published that statement, subsequently felt constrained to publish another to the effect that neither the magazine nor "Ruthren Jenkins" ever had any existence. The Ypsilanti Commercial tells this story : "A few weeks since two of onr prominent citi zens swore of from drinking. One of them had occasion to visit Chicago.- Meeting some friends they urged him to drink. He pleaded his agreement with B. in Ypsilanti. The friends of A. in Chicago were not satisfied, and telegraphed to B. in our city, saying: ' A is getting awful dry. Can't you let him off this once ' The noble Spartan's reply tele graphed back was: 'No! If he must die, let him die a sober man."' It is gratifying to know that the Radical strength in the United States is on the wane. The recent Senatorial elections fix the number of Republican Senators at fbrty-six, while the opposition, reckoning the Liberal Republicans, will number twenty-eight. This leaves the Radicals minus the usual two-thirds majority' even if those claimed as loyal remain true to the President, which is exceedingly doubtful. We agree with the New York Herald, that it takes many years to alter the political charsac ter of the Senate, but it is evident the pro cess has commenced. There will be four eclipses this year and a transit of Venue. 1st, a total eclipse of the son April 16th, invisible in North America; 2d, a partial eclipse of the moon May let, in visible in the United States; an annular eclipse of the sun October 10th, invisible in America; a total eclipse of the moon October 24th, in the evening, and morning of the 25th, visible throughout America. Begins at New York 12:49 in the morning; New Orleans, 11:42 in the evening. A transit of Venus over the sun's dise December 8th, invisible in America; vis ible in Asia, Australia and the East Indies. On Thursday last 35,000 young salmon were turned loose in a small branch of the Shenan doab river, near Wincbester, Va. These fishwill soon be in the Potomac, and in the course of a few years the river will abound with them. The reason for turning the fish loose in the extreme head waters are because there are no black bas in those small tributaries tp destroy them, and to indouce them to ascend the river as high as possible when they return from the sea in after years, it being characteristic of the salmon, as well as the shad, to return to its spawning ground. FAIn IN BRASnEAR CITv.-Onr contemporary, the Brashear Yen-s, gives quite a long and in teresting account of the Fair recently held in the thriving town of Brashear for the benefit of the Catholic church. That the Fair should have proved a great success is not to be woa dered at, as the most zealous and influential ladies and gentlemen of the place gaveit their heartiest support. Among the ladies who had tables were Meedames Rone and Lawrence Macready, William Costello, E. C. McClellan, Cias. Peterson, O'Donnell, Staples, T. and D. Shannon, Church, E. Anooin and E. Mulvibill. The following is the offioial announcement by Wm. Costello, Esq, chairman of managers, of the proceeds of the Fair: cetpt-e---..- -..~.-----.-------.-------17 45 Ripenoes (aeoludisg musts and al artiles e~pr chesed for vole and mrsffis)----- ··- - - ·------- 45 35 Net pressed·...----- ---------- ----51307·)1U' 10 Dr. Chambers gives In his "Scrap-Book " an illuetration of the ignorance prevailing in certain central portions of England: " A cler eyman heving come to baptise a newly-born infant, whom be understood to be a boy, he asked what name he should give the child. The father, quite at a loss, had no predilec tions on the subject. * Shall it be a Scripture name?' Assent. 'Well, what Scripture name 1' The man agreed, at the minister's suggestion, that Benjamin would do. As be was retiring afterward, he heard a great shout logy and, turning back, met the tather who exclaimed: '"Sir', wsea do-in mann be done aa a-re'..'gl 2")