Newspaper Page Text
Morning Star and Catholic Messenger.
rw ORLEANS, SUNDAT. FEBRUABY I. 1874. LrITEU FROM ROME. THE POPE. ROME, Jan. 3.-His Holiness, on the morning of New Year's Day, celebrated Mass in his private chapel, and adminis tered Holy Communion to thirty gentle men, members of the Circolo di St. Pietro. Upon St. John's Day, the name-day of the Holy Father, the ex-officers of the Pontifical troops, to the number of over 300, assem bled In the hall of the Conaistory, and presented an address to Pius IX., in which they offered him their hearty good wishes for a prolongation of his life and for the triumph of the Church over her foes. They hoped His Holiness would see tile time when " the Church, unfettered, would ex ercise her beneficent action; when strength would be employed not to crush but to aid and vindicate the right; when true liberty would take the place of licentiousness and revolutionary tyranny; when the arts and sciences would flourish, justice be impar tially administered, and when the public money would be honestly evpendod." The Pope, in his reply, com arpd the Christiane " ' ...--- in the dosert, of to-day witn u L. .. punished for impiatience and want of faith. " They had the cloud for their guide by day, and at night the pillar of fire. We," said His Holiness, '' have the Infallible Church as our secure and sufficient guide." General Kanzler read the address of his former comrades in arms, and, after the Popes reply, members of the deputation were invited to accompany His Holiness in his walk through the galleries. Many ex Zonaves from foreign countries came to Rome expressly for this occasion. THE IRISH AUGUSTINIANS. A list has appeared of thirty-two sup pressed convents which it is intended to place at the dispolsition of the Roman Municipality for use as schools, publio offices, etc., etc. In this list appears the Convent of St. Maria in Pusterula, Arco di Parma, which is the property of the Irish Auguatinians. The Prior, Father O'Keeffe, has made application to Sir A. Paget, in order to obtain an explanation of this threatened expropriation. The convent was entered in the list of suppressed Houses appended to the Suppression Bill, but it was understood that the foreign chyr aeter of this institution was recognized by the Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs. It is really a College for the education of Irish priests of the order of St. Augustine. After all the assurances given by the British and Italian offices, it is disheartening to fAnd that in point of fact all the British Catholic Institutes in Rome are still liable to confisecation. Yet the promises were plain, namely, that some of the Convents or Colleges were unaffected by the Act, and that some were only subject to conver sion. How then comes it to pass that the lands of the Irish College, which were not even named in the schedules to the Bill, were set up for auction, while the Irish Augustinian House, which it was supposed had two years given it for conversion, is named for seizure or expropriation I It reflects little credit upon British diplomacy to find that no effective settlement of the various cases has been obtained, and that Sir A. Paget seems now as much in the dark upon the matter as he was a year ago. It is fully time for the Italian Ministers to declare their intentions, and decide de finitely what they mean to do respecting the Foreign Institutes. Itis utterly unfair for them to attack theso Colleges in detail and harass them one by one, to-day with an auction bill, to-morrow with an expro priation list. PUBLIC PRAYERS FORT iiEDUCIIESS D'AOSTA. The wife of ex-King Amadeo is in a precarions state of health. A triduo was held in the Church of the Sacramentine in Torin on the 28th, 29th, and 30th of D)e cember, to offer up prayers for her re covery. Her amiability and benevolence have endeared her to all classes in Turio. ARRIIEST OF TWO NUNS. Two French Franciscan None, Sisters Joanna Maria Sobome and Maria Madds lena Mblichon, were lately arrested by a police agent, aided by two carbineers, while they were praying at the Sanctuary of Oropa, near Biells, in Piedmont. The ladies came into Italy to collect funds for maintenance of an orphanage at St. Sortie per Mornaut-Rhone, near Lyons, wherel 150 orphan girls from Alsace and Lorraine are educated. The Nuns had passports duly signed, and commendatory letters from the Prefect of Lyone, the French Consul at Turin, and the Ecclesiastical Authorities at Aoata, Ivres, Turin, and Biella. In spite of their papers, the two ladies were minutely examined at the Sanctuary and asked who were the personswho gave them charity, the amount of what they had col lected, and ,were was the lLoney. They were then brought to Biella, and forced to undergo another long examination by the Questor, who took from them all their papers and told them to return for them on the morning of the next day. When they called for them, as desired by the Questor, they were again subjected to another cross questioning which lasted two hours. Their answers were taken down by a Secretary and they were not set free notil they signed a report drawn up in Italian of the pro coeedings. POISONING AT TIlE ALTAR. A horrible crime was attempted on the Sand of December at Treviglio, near Bergamo. Four priests and two friars, a few minutes after celebrating Mass, were seised with spasms and violent pains In the stomhob, vomiting, and other symptoms of poisoning. Medical assistance was at hand, and theirives were saved. Examinations were set on foot, which resulted In discov ering traces of tartar emetic in the sacred vessels, and in the arrest of one Baronio, a priest of Traviglio, who had been remarked the evening before busy about the wine bottles used for church purposes. He also had celebrated Mass, but swallowed little of the wine, aud he was the only priest that ( escaped illness. Search was made in the ( house, and the remainder of the tartar i emetic was found there, which he in vain tried to throw away. Baronlo is an unfor- I tenate priest whose conduct has long been 1 a disgrace. lb was much in the company of the Protestant Evangelizers and the Revolutionists, who encouraged him- in blasphemy and folly. lie has now been arrested, and will be tried for his wanton I attempt at assssination.-London Tablet. The best Pittsburg coal, screened .g2aidj for family use, ens be had at No. sodi St. Charle street. C eppodle Tivoll Circle, for elghty ceota per barrel. Those who wish to procure a *upply, will do well to take advantage of this timely offer. NCIL.LAxNOUU rouiew NIws. [To January 10th.] STHE EVANGELICAL ELECTIONS IN PRUSSIA. The church elections of the Evangelical Establishment in Prussia have beTn going strongly against the "orthodox" party, and abelief in the Divinity of Our Lord seems in the majority of places to be an absolute disqualification for office or deputation to the Synod. The Rvangeliehe-Kirhlieihe Anzeiger, the organ of the defeated party, is particularly and justly scandalised at the way in which the Liberal forces have been brought into action. In one parish the "Fortachbrittelente" have been divided into sections alphabetically, and each pro vided with a leader, who was to be present throughout the church service on the day of election, so as to spare his followers the necessity of even one morning's attendance at churbch, and permit them to spend the time comfortably at breakfast in a neigh boring "Bier-halle." When the authorities in taking the votes were about to arrive at the letter which belonged to him, the lead er started for his beer shop, and brought in his men, who were thus enabled to carry their Liberal ofilcials and representatives without the trouble or contamination in volved in attendance at any kind of' wor ahik. I"Thu thig." says the German Pro. teatant paper, -would be '.ahable if there were not so terribly serious a side to it." THE PERSECUTION IN CANTON GENEVA. In the Canton of Geneva the authorities Shave been taking violent and forcible poe session of the churches and presbyteries at Carouge an4 Laney, the church at Chene having been already seized by the Loyson faction in anticipation of the decree; and the Vicar-Apostolic has iassued a pastoral denouncing the censures of the Church upon the intruders, while a Brief from the Pope has been published, which expresses his Holiness's admiration at the constancy of Mgr. Mermillod and his clergy* The lawfuolArchpriest of Caronge, the Abbe Chalt, has also sent in a well-written pro test, in which the treaty under which Geneva acquired Caronge, with the other Catholic paribshes, and the Constitution of 1847 are appealed to. THE CONSISTORT. I At the Consistory which was to be held on Thursday, the final ceremonies con - nected with the creation of the new Car p dinals were to be completed; namely, the t aperilio orins by which the right of delibera f tion in Consistory is conferred, the delivery . of the hat and the allocation to each new h Cardinal of his church or "title," in the o case of those who are present at Rome. I The report that twelve more Cardinals are e to be created in the same Consistory is an e obvious mistake, but some Bishops were to s be recognized on that occasion. THE "COUP D'ETAT" IN SPAIN. SOur prognostic of last week-that an t attempt might be made in the direction of a Monarchical Republic, with Serrano at Sits head, has been verified, and this is the I history of the affair. The difierences be Stween Salmeron and Castelar, the negotia t tions for the settlement of which failed flast week, turned to a great extent on the e attitude assumed by the latter towards t the Church. Senor Salmeron is for an ab B solute breach with the clergy and a die tinctly anti-religious and oppressive policy. , Senor Castelar, on the contrary; desiring Sat least to appear conciliatory, has nom l oated hMgr. Barrio, the new Cardinal, for Sthe primatial See of Toledo, and other pre [ lates for two other Sees in decrees which Sin their form follow as closely as possible the ancient precedents. Moreover, on learning that Mgr. Barrio was sent for to Rome to be created a Cardinal, he ordered the Embassy to be placed at his disposal, t and it was there that His Eminence receiv e ed the "zucchetto." lie refused to change h his policy in this respect, and the rupture with Senor Salmeron was complete and - definitive. The Cortes met on Friday, 3 and Senor Castelar appealed to it to en dorse the action of the Government throughout the recess, on the ground that I in the exceptional state of the country only Sexceptional measures could be adopted, Sand that the only possible policy was a war policy. "Mnch," he observed, "has Sbeen said against the maintenance of our 3 army, but the older one grows thq more clearly one sees the absolnte necessity for an army." The army had therefore been ) consolidated, and discipline restored. S "Daily riots no longer occur. The muni r cipalities no longer claim these local dicta Storships which reminded us of the worst t days of the middle ages. Order and auth t ority now rest upon solid basis. We must a close for ever the era of popular risings and i military pronnociamentos * The I army must learn that it has been formed 0 to uphold the laws, whatever they may be, - and to obey the Cortes, whatever they F may decide," The events of the next few 3 hours disposed, with a bitter irony, of Bthese congratulations. Though the thorny r subject of the Virginius was boldly handled I by Senor Castelar, who took credit for the r avoidance of war with a powerful State, at the same time that the principles of in ternational law had been npheld, and rthough he demonstrated, at least to the satisfaction of his friends, that there was no alternative besides himself and either the Carlists or the Intransigentes, he was twice beaten, the second time ditectly on the question of confidence, by 120 votes against 100. This was at five o'clock on Saturday morning and the Government immediately resigned. Thereupon Gen eral Pavia, the Captain-General of Madrid, took the matter into his own hands, post ed troops and artillery at the corner of every street, pointed cannon at the doors of the Palace of the Cortes, occupied the corridors of the baulding, and sent in an aide-de-camp with a letter requesting Senor Salmeron to dissolve the Cortes, which letter was handed to the latter as he sat in the chair. He and his friends theq implored Castelar to resume ofice, but the latter stontly refused, upon which General Parvs sent in a company of Civil Guards to clear the Chamber. Cries of a indignant protest arose from the deputies, but the soldiers in the vestibule let off a r few rifles, a device which proved most ef- B feotual in inducing the deputies to *'ske- O dadle." Some took refuge in the library, d others elsewhere, but all were soon cleared out, and the foreign diplomatists who were present were conducted with great respect o by a military escort to their homes. TIHE NEW oOVERNMENT. Some people at first supposed that the ai coup ic tal was effected by Castelar's orders t( -or, at least, in his interest-but the event pi has clearly shown that this is not the case. a, He has himself taken care not to remain bh under the imputatioan, for he has since published a letter to his econuntrymen, in which he says: "I protest, with all the energy of my soul, against the brutal act 1 of violence committed against the Consti e tuent Cortes by the Captain-General of I Madrid * * * My conscience will not s permit me to associate with demagogues a ut, on the other hand, my cooscience and amy hbonor hold me aloof from the state of e things just created by force of bayonets." , Certainly nothing cooler baa ever been t effected since the famous oprations of sa Colonel Pride and of the 18th Brumaire, a and though General Pavia called on men I of all parties-Castelar included-to form Sa Government, it is the old Monarchical t Union which has most largely profited by f the coup d'etat. B THE FRENCH BISHOPS AND THE GOVERN R NEXT. The following is a translation of the a circular addressed by the French Minister t to the Bishops in reference to certain SPastoral letters which gave great ofieace.to tto the German Government. s "PARIs, 26th Dec., 1873. - "fonseignour-Some of your venerable - colleagues, reviewing the present situation " of u,~ ^n" and pronouncing upon recent f events f 'thelr on on the Catholic SCbrih and their action in mono.--a society, have recently published pastoral letters ,. which expressilons of opinion occur which could not fail, in certain points, to attract the attention of tbe Goeement. Some t tines, indeed, they seem of a nature to excite abroad asuceptibilities which it is Salways mischievous to awake. The emi nent prelates who have addressed to the faithful of their dioceses the letters of Swhich I speak, would be, it is true, the SBrat to regret consequences absolutely Scontrary to the intentions which animate them. In saying this I have as a guarantee Sthe well-tried patriotism of which the SFrench Episcopate has always offered such s triking and glorious testimony. Never Stheless, the Government has been effected r by the expressions alluded to and it , strongly desires that this should not be renewed. Your Lordship is net ignorant of the sympathy with which the Govern ment surrounds the Church and the Holy I See in the midst of their trials. Moreover, - it fully understands the trials of Catholic - consciences, and the griefs which the ae Catholic Bishops are at this moment the -exponents, but their sentiments, my V Lord, can be expressed with all fitting v liberty and strength without its being e necessary to have recoirse for their . expression to attacks which must alarm e the Governments of foreign countries. a There are 4ong States certain mutnal o obligations, which cannot be forgotten. We ought everywhere profess the respect for established Powers which we wish in our own turn to claim for the Government Sinstituted in our country by the sovereign will of the National Asseembly. It is need t ful to add, my Lord, that in the most of the great struggles which to-day agitate the world, it is, above all, by their moder ation that the Bishops angment the legiti mate influence of their words, and contri bute most efficaciously to that work of tranquility and general pacification which ought to be the object of our common efforts. I would be sorry to insist further in considerations which recommend them I selves to the attention to your Lordship. I have, then, the certainty that you will not misunderstand the sentiment of this letter, the ideas of which I recommend to your cenideration." (Signed) DE FOURTON. TIHE GALWAY VINDICATION FUND. The Freeman of Wednesday recalls to publio attention one of the noblest and most successfal demonstrations of Irish feeling which our times have witnessed the Galway Vindication Fund,-which was mainly raised by the exertions of our con temporary, and in some degree by those of ourselves and of other of the popular journals. Until now, we believe, the pub lie had never been made aware of the course adopted in reference to the fund, which realized the splendid sum of nearly £16,000; of which nearly £15,000 were contributed through the Freeman office, Sand, as notified from week to week with r particulars in these pages, about £900 through the Nalion office. In view of r certain eventualities arising out of the notorious "Galway judgment," Captain Nolan was generously anxious that some provision should be made for the suenstain ment of others besides himself, then threatened with a certain kind ot venge ance; and it was eventually arranged that he should receive out of the Fund £13,000, he paying all expenses in connection with the same; leaving the balance (about £2,900) for such defensive purposes as may be fonud necessary. This was carried out 'by a payment, on the27th Decembher. 1872, Sto Captain Nolan, of a sum of £12,500 out of thle amount received through the Free man office, and a payment on the same date of £500 by as ount of the sum received through the Nation. The balance of the b'rceman collection was furthermore lodged to meet the expenses of the State Prose etions of last spring; which at one time were believed to be only the first of aseveral, but which now may happily be considered the end of thlt species of per secutloo.-Dublin Nation. DENMARK. For a considerable time the relations between the Danish Lower Hause and the Government have been the reverse of cor dial. There can be no question as to the Liberal character of the Cabinet; indeed, we have heard from members of the Par liament that the fault of the Government is its too great leaning to Liberalism; but the Lower House is filled with persons of low social position, whose vulgar instincts are anti-Monarchical, and whose feelings are revolutionary, and to keep these within the limits of constitutional Monar chy is a very difiolt matter. Twice, within a siaoat period, has an appeal to the country been tried, with a view to a safe solution of the diffculty, by the return of a better description of members, but the result has been apparently a change from ( bad to worse. Immediately after the a meeting of the present Parliament, an ad dress was moved and carried in the Lower House, recommending a change of Ministry, which would be tantamount to handing o over the kingdom to the " Irreconciliables" b -who are to be found at Copenhagen as * well as at Cartagena. The King's answer , is a polite refusal to jeopardise his throne a and the peace of the country by acceding . to the wishes of the enemies of both. At a present Danish legislation is at a dead-lock, t, and we shall be curious to see how it is to a be got over. e !eeord of the German PeWreation. e PERSECUTION OF GERMAN BIsHoPs. t Every day there are new sentences, and new meansures against Bishops and their ecclesiastical seminaries. The Bishop of It Munster has been lately sentenced to a fine of 200 thalers, or forty days imprisonment. In all these cases the work of the tribunals of is made easy, for n aBishop appears at the bar, and they all allow themselves to be Ssentenced, "in contumaciam." The Bishop ºf of Paderborn will act in this manner to 's ward the Imperial tribunal, to which be n has been summoned by a refractory priest n of his diocese, whom he has suspended on Sacconnt of scandalous disobedience. The y Bishop will not appear either in person or through a lawyer; partly because the es - tablishment of the tribunal is looked upon by the German Episcopate as unlawful, e and partly because the suenspension in ques tion dates from the year 1870, long before r this new fangled tribunal was thought of. BISHOPRIC OF TREVES. S From the provinces of Nassau and Mun ster we hear that henceforward the semi naries of the dioceses of Limbnrg and e Munster are to be deprived of the yearly n Government grants. The contribution for it the diocese of Limburg consisted, indeed, c only of eighty-five pounds. The Bishop , of Treves has been more severely visited in this respect. He received, through SI the Pro- incial Government, an order from t Falck. the Minister of Pablio Worship, that the Seminary was to be closed until o the Bishop and the rector of the Seminary s " should unreservedly submit to the May - Laws, and the regulations introduced by e these laws." For some time past the Bishop f of Treves and his diocese seem to have e been selected for the especial exercise of y lawful or rather unlawful violence. In e many places they had already expelled ae from their presbyteries the parish priests a appointed by the Bishop because they had h been appointed in violation of the law. - But this is no longer sufficient. At Kreuz I nach, on the Rhine, the cure had been for t a long time vacant. Even accordingto the a new law, the Bishop had time to appoint t up to June, 1874. But the local authorities - were resolved to make themselves safe be F fore that time. Instead of sequestrating , the dwelling after the expulsion of the c "unlawful" priest, they have already put a olfficial seals on the empty presbytery; a a new attack on the private rights of the Ca r tholic community. 9 PROCEEDINGS AGAINST ORGANISTS AND SA SCRISTANS. r In order to display greater energy in the Sprohibition of ecclesiastical functions (say ing Mass, dispensing the Sacraments, etc.) to priests officially interdicted, the Gov ernment ofoficials in Posen have thought it Sto proceed penaly, not against priests only °but also against organists and sacristans. t These have been forbidden to render any assistance in the Church functions of the above mentioned priests, under pain of dis Smissal. The offices of organist and school master are frequently held by the same individual. In the Rhine district the peo ple appear to trouble themselves very little about esuch assistance in "unlawful" Masses, f etc. We receive accounts from thence of amusing scenes. It happened in one place that at the moment when the priest was rpreparing to say Mass, the policeman came into the sacristy, to hand in from the mayor the prohibition to say Mass. The parish priest answered quietly: "I will make a note of it." The policeman had then ful filled his olffice. The priest then prepared to go to the altar, beginning with the ac customed words: "Adjutoriam nostram in nomine Domini." The policeman answer Sed devoutly- "Qui fecit ccalum et terram," I and, walking before the priest with the I missal, he began to serve Mass. - THE OLD-CATHOLICS. There is a fall in the thermometer of de Svotion and piety amongst the "Old-Catho r lics," so petted by Prussia. On the morn - ing of Christmas Day a Mass was appointed to be said in the " Old-Catholi " bishopric of Bonn. Accordingly Professor Renach celebrated the sacrilegious rite at half-past seven o'clock, a time which according to German customs was very convenient; but the assembled congregation amoanted to seven persons! This is a very sorry proof of the deep and sincere piety, of which Reinkens asserted in his wretehed answer Sto the Encyclical of Pius IX., that it had now disappeared from the Papal Church, Sand had taken shelter among the small flock of his faithful. The Prussian Liberal pa p ers made a great noise at first, and ex t pressed themselves in terms of unmeasured applause regarding the sympathy meeting which Lord Rassell thinks of calling to gether here in England during the conrse of this month. But gradually the liberal Sjournals, among them the )olnishe Zeitunig and the Norddeuitschc Allgemeine Zeitung, are beginning to express themselves much more coolly on the subject. From the tone of the Eoglish papers, they can plainly see that here in England there is but little chance of awakening any enthusiasm for principles and measures esuch as are now put in practice by Prince Biemarck, and which really are a mockery of all the first notions of an honestly conceived freedom. The Catholic journal Germania was, there fore, perfectly right in the following arti cle: "The English have no desire to sacrifce the victory secured by long, hard, and at times sanguinary conflicts, merely to gain the applanse of mod ern Prussian civiligers. It contradicts, likewise, their good sense, to appland the hunting down of Catholies. And if an old pedant like Lord Russell, who in past times fought valiantly for religious equality, in tends to act in a contrary manner at the end of his life, the practical Englishman, who has a keen eye for tree Conservatism, is more ready to remember the behaviour of Lord Jlin il days gone by, than to be stow noqualified approval on the wonder ful caprices of the gray-haired Earl Russell. The many friends of Mr. R. Sproule, formerly I of the firm oe It. Sproene & McCown, wiil hear with pleqsare that be has etablifhed himself at the corner of St. Charles and (traler streets, under the St. Charlms HitsIl where he has an eatirely new stock of sentlemnens armishing goods, and perfect ftting shirts. fine hats and toiest articles, which be will sell at the lowest possible prices. It is over seventeen years since " Uncle Robert'" frst threw his banner to the breece on St. Zbarlie street, and we doebt it there is another business mae in our cfty who has more friends or fewer Ii esemies. A genial, wholesouled gentleman, and a tl prompt and energetli merchant, he deserves success I and we know he will meet it. Those who call at the new store will find there Captain V. It. egers, so long conaneted with the old hoese, whose careful attestios a to the wants of his castomers, has made him a host of .t friends sot only In this city, bat throusbost the adija. c cent cont.tr. Mineoity Representation. (ILouaville CourierJe-urnaL d The Qhlo constitutional convention is ir basily engaged in discussing the principle ,f and policy of minority representation. e General Ewing made a very able speech t. on the subject, urging its adoption in the is election ofjudges for the Court of Appeals. e The system has been put in operation in ' Illinois, and jnst before Mayor Medill, of p Chicago, left for Europe, Hon. S. F. Hunt ,. addressed him a letter, inquiring into its e practical operation. The object of the at new system, as the reader is probably n aware, is to give the minority a represen te tation in the Legislature and in the judi sr clary, and thus restrain the majority, in s- some degree, at least, from making a n tyrannical use of their power. In a coun 1, ty, for example, where three representa-s. s- tives are to be elected to the Legislature, re the minority can, if they choose to do so, f. nominate but one candidate, and cast for him as many votes as they would have been entitled to cast for three candidates, the ' provision of minority representation per Smitting them to give a tripple vote for the done candidate. If the provision will en Y able the minority to obtain a respectable Srepresentation in the Legislature and in , other bodies, which they could not have p otherwise, it is a wholesome one ; for, b however intelligent and patriotic a maij ority may be in the beginning of its exist eonce, its tendency is to lapse into partisan S"rann and excesses of all kinds. Poll 11 tical a venturerZ, who care for the spoils Y only, and ambitions men, who love place y morethan principle, will soon push the c apright and consolentious men of ideas to P the rear and push themselves to the front. SHence wise and salutary legislatioh de pends very largely upon the reatiaining viilance of a good minority, and, if any scheme can be divised to keep a vigoroaus opposition party in everylegislative branch in the country, beneficial results will fol low its adoption. In answer to the question whether the r system of minority representation was Sgivinig satisfaction in Illinois, where it had been recently adopted, Mr. Medill anhesi atatingly answers in the safimative. He says it proves in practice to be just what was promised and predicted in its behalf. The experiment is conceded to be quite Ssuccessful, and is regarded as a great im a provement on the old one-sided system of representation. It is far more popular now than it was a year ago, before the first election under it. Then there were doubts as to its practicability. Its oppo e nents said the people would not be able - to comprehend it, and that confusion ) would result at thepolls, that bad men - would slip into the Legislature by its t meanse, that it would enable the minority r to rule the majority, and that the inter s. eat of the people would be harmed or y sacrificed. e Not one of these prognostications of evil - has come to pass. The voters understood - the new system without difficulty or much e explanation, and discovered nothing ab - struse or incomprehensible in it. B Mr. Medill further states that the "whole Smass of the people are now represented in f the popular branch, instead of a mere maj B ority as formerly. Every voter, whether e a Democrat or Republican, has now the B man of his choice In the Assembly to re r present him. Neither party is now anre h presented in any district. The minority a is no longer practically disfranchised, as - was previously the case. The vote of the I majority is not impaired or disturbed. - The stronger party at the polls have con 1 trol of the House, but the weaker one is - represented in proportion to its strength. " The unjust monopoly of representation is e broken. Every Democratic district elect ed two Democrats and one Republican, and every Republican district two Repub licans and one Democrat, to the House. The exception to this rule only occurred when a candidate of the stronger party was Sunpopular, or that of a weaker party the fitter man to such a degree as to constrain Senough of his opponents to vote for him to Select him. No party advantage was gained t from these exceptional cases, because they t were as numerous on one aide as the other S-gainer or loser balancing each other." f i After all there is mouch good in human na r ture. People are not so bad as misanthropes paint I them. It is not often that we meet a man who, know Sing a way in which his friends might be benefited E without detriment to his own interests, is so mean as not to tell them of it. If such there be, hovever, we Sbeg to state that we are not of the number, as the col I umns of this paper from its first iune to the present will testify. Have we not brought content to many families and saved thousands of dollars to them by in 3 forming them that at the corner of Roussean and Jack I son streete the popular grocers, A. W. Skardon & Co., J were reltailing the best of groceries at very moderate prices ? The writer has dealt regularly with these gen I tlemen for a long time and can state that in an experi. ence of years he has never had more perfect satisfaction SIn every particular. We strongly advise those of our Sreaders in the city or country who need greceries to send their orders to these enterprising merchants whose advertisement will be found on the fifth page of this Spaper. Patronize home manufacturee, for upon the indoustry of our section the prosperity of the people. depends. There is certainly no reason in going North, to buy grocery wagons, family phrtons, victorias, open and top buggies, and all vehicles, when they can be made to order here, of the best materials and most skillful workmanship, by oailing on Messrs. J. Thom son & Bros., Nos. 08 sad 70 Rampart, betweun Common I and Grater streete. As an evidence of the variety snd i high quality of their work, we may mention that at our Lolsitans State Falrs they have recelved the followLI g awards: Pifth fair, for boat family pbeton; sixth fate, for best beer wagon and spring wagon, and three silver 1 medals for top buggy, open buggy, and grocerywagon ; and seventh fair, beat victoria, best open buggy, msa bert express wagon. COli and seethen. Tasteful decorations for the route of the c King of the Carsirol will be executed at eyor low priose. by Hermitage, rrtist Extrardinary to the ,oyal r Cort, whose place of business is at No. 138 GIrod street. near Camp. Hermitage, being a loyal subject, has reduced his prices, so that his customers may honor the Ring without feeling the expense. Designs, sis and ornamental painting will be promptly attended to by him. Honsekeepere should remember that Book's 0 Brilliant Cooking Stores are furnished with obilled 9 iron fire platee. which are guaranteed to lst fie or six V times as long as the ordinary grate. Mr. Benry Hailer, E No.49 Camp street, is agent for Boaok' Brilliant. p T "Oat of sight, out of mind,"Is perhap. an unktnd saying; yet there is no reoeam why fihends * should ever be out of sight,wbee snob lifeWlikspietsrss san be had at souby s plutegraph gaPlery. Me. SI. Adsrew street, at sesa low pries. Habts of Raglish Orators. [LonIon Cor., to the New York Times.l a Mr. Bright has just written a letter to a e young theological student in which he i. gives his oinlon on the art of public ha speaking. e is for extempore a peaking * when a man knows his subject and has a . good hold of It; but for a preacher who n- has to deliver a sermon a week on the same f topic to the same people, a written sermon t is, he says, almost Indispenslble "only men a of great mind, great knowledge and great a power can do this with success." and he y wonders that any man can do it at all. The best preparation for speaking is, he su- ggests, to think over what is to be said n and to form an outline in a few brief notes. a He says he has never been in the habit of writing out his speeches, certainly not Sfor more than thirty years past, the labor ,, of writing being bad enough, and the , labor of committing to memory Intolera. r ble. This statement must, however, be a taken with a certain qualioficatieon. Mr. e Bright, I believe, does not write out all - his speeches, but he writes out the most e important and highly-worked passages - and gets them by heart. The rest he fills e in as he goes along, and any one who ex a amines his speeches carefully can tell by a the great precision and point of the lan , gouage in er4in parts what has been - itten and what ,naken off-hand. All his speeches are very carefally prepared, Sbut chiefly in his head. He goes over the - points he wishes to bring out for weeks, Sand, perhaps, months, and broods over the subject till it takes form and substance in a his mind. He has a small slip of letter Spier-with notes on it of the points in S ei7 order, an4 in the house of commons Shate often noticed him for hours before he I rose conning over his notes and rehearsing Spassages with his eyes on the ceiling. Mr. s Gladstone uses notes, but only for facts s and the order of his points, and trusts ex elusively to the moment for his words. Lord Palmerston always spoke extem a pore, and scarcely ever condeacended to I refertoa paper. His great speech, five I hours long, in the Don Pacifioo debate Swas delivered in this manner; he had only a a set of the dispatches before him in order I to makeezxact quotations. Long practice in dictations to private secretaries had Sgiven him a mastery of precise and easy language, but he was not a flowing speaker. f He thought p great deal more about how a r speech would read than how it sounded at t the moment, and was determined not to Suse any but the words he really wanted. SThis made him hesitate occasionally. Mr. SLowe acquired.similar precision from die Itating leader articles for the times. Mr. SDisraeli despises notes, except notes of Sdates and other figures; he prepares his Sspeeches with great care, planning them oat, grouping his points artistically, and polishing up his epigrams. But his speeches, though partly drafted before band, are not repeated from memory. The late Lord Derby was an impulsive ex I tempore speaker; but his son writes his speeches from beginning to end, and learns them laboriously. Lord Granville speaks off-hand, and is very unequal in his style, whichis, for the most part, loose and slo venly. Lord Rapssell also trusts to the words of the moment; and this, I imagine, Swas the rule with all the speakers of the lest generation. Mr. Horeman. I have heard, writes his speeches many times over, each time destroying the manuscript. I and then writting another with as many improvements as he can think of. The Sobject is, of course, to procure a firm hold on the subject generally, as well as on I his premeditated language, so that he may Sdrop the latter if he chooses, and insert I anything that occurs to him. We copy from an article in the last is sne of the North American Review the fol I lowing statistics in regard to coin In cir a culation in this country and the leading Snations of Europe: "Mr. Victor Bonnet, I an eminent French authority in matters of Scurrency and finance, in an article in the I Revue des Des. fondes for November slet, states the amount of silver coin in circula tion in France and in its mint to be $300 - 000,000, while the coinage of this metal is going on at a rate of $25,000,000 annually. The gold coin in cirnculation he estimates at $800,000,000, making a total metallic currency, for that country of $1,100,000, S000; and that, too, after the payment of the German indemnity of 81000.000,000 ! The bids for the loan of $750,000,000, brought out in France in the summer of 1872 equaled $8,000,000.000, a sum very nearly four times the amount of the pub lic debt of the United States! These fig ures, for quality, match Niagara and the Missisaippi, and should qualify our conceit a little, when our conntry and its resources are the theme. Mr. Bonnet also states that the silver coin in circulation in Ger many equals $480,000,000, while its recent gold coinsge (largely drawn from the French payment) amounts to $290,000,000. In England theameunt of coin in circula tion outside of the Bank of England, which holds $100,000,000 is estimated at $500, 000,000. We shall need at least an equal sum. The amount now held in this coun try, in all hands, cannot exceed $150,000, 000. We must accumulate, therefore, an additional sam of *350,000.000 before we can safely attempt a Asal resumption. Our mines annually produce about *60, 000,000. Could their whole product be rp taied at home, we eould be sare of the reqaired amount in six years. We have for the last ten years exported @52.604,278 ober our imports. This drain will be in stantly stopped the momens the banks and the government comnience, in earnest, the accumulation of adequate specie re serves." A BROAD STAT3MxrT.-A man who has made a tonr among the sects report that, so far as he can learn, Unitarians don't care what a man believes if he only does well; the Presbyte rians don't care what a man does if he only believes; the Episcopalians don't care what a man does or hblieves if he only belongs to their Churoh. ADVERTISING RATES OF THE "STAB." IQUARe. 0. Two 'Tb Bix One _______ M'thmjM'tb. iheN Year. One ............... 50. 5 i 9 0 10 Two.................. 0 iej so 3! 10 Three.............. 19 9 98 44, 70 tur .................. 15 f 5 3a 90 Fite ................ 18 39 49 08 110 Tea .................230 55 75 139 980 tftds ........... 40 75 100 180 980 iJ....... 70 131' j 200 480 Temalem Aertleeaeata. 1 50 per equare each in 0.68 rIsa at speelal rates. DIh sm XM o(rn, Is amem Insertion. W 68 in a Advertxaemento.