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erning Star and Catholic Messenger.
naW ORLIAWl, SUDAY, MAY 3. 174. May Thoughts. The opening of this month, the loveliest in the year, naturally brings to mind the many beautifal inspirations to which the Blessed Virgin has given form and being. And here at the threshold of our meditations, we pause to wonder and ask why the sublime prophecy written upon the pages of St. Luke, " All generations shall call aee Bleased,:' is a mean inglesa phrase and an unfulfilled prediction to all except the devout Catholic. lie alone calls her Blessed; and on his lips the lofty words of prophecy become the simple applellation of dial love, the familiar utterance of holy faith. All through the Christian world, this season La dedicated to the praises of the sinless mo ter of our Lord-and we ask the scoffer or ano-Catholic, in what other name could this aoaoth e,o aeora appropriately consecrated. 'ind a woman in ancienlt or modern history aoon noble, more excellent, more endowed with grace or wisdom than the Virgin Mary and we will re-dedicate this month to her. More noble ? We need but recall the Scrip tural words, recording that she " stood by the roes of Jesus," to understand the strong, enduring soul of her whose heart was pierced by a sword of sorrow. Was it a moth es's. place to stand beside such a scene-to witness all those fearful tortures-to witness the three hours' agony-to wait until the end I 6Sh was " full of grace." The bright angel sent by God announced this truth to man, and shall one of us dare then Iv dispute it I Her wisdom, her intellectual attainments are wenderfully unfolded to us in the mysterious yet sublime canticle which burst from her lips upon hearing the holy Elizabeth address her as " tle mother of any Lord !" Who can read the inspired words withent being tilled with love and veneration for one so highly gifted. Strange folly and bitterness of this century which seeks to thrust, not only into oblivion, but almost into disgrace, tile Woman of the primeval prophecy, whose seed was to crush the serpent's head; the Virgin predestined from all eternity to be the maaother of the Re deemer -and the intelligent usinds of to-day look on and give no sign, as though ashamed of her of whom Dante wrote: Oh, Virgin Mother--daughter of thy Son I Created beings al in blowliness tiurpasilag, as in height above them all, Ennobler of thy natuare " Whom Chaucer called in his quaint old Eng libsh : " Thou well of mercy e!lful soule'e curoe And of whom Woodsworth so sweetly sang: " Woman!: above all welllel, glhnitled' (Olr tsaitkt. nature's solitary ,oast, Purer than foam on central ocean test And Shelly : 'Sweet Benedlirction in the eternal curse. VWiled glory bo this i ,lteas unive,,, ! Theu namoon tyandl the clouds Thou living form Amaong thIe dead! T'hou star above the star,:.' And even IBrowning saw with poet ce3s: • - a vision in the heat t of each Or justic,-, maecVl. widoal, laade netsa T"1o wrong and iaia,s andt kte ledge lof ttti,, nre , Anal thcos eaaholadIed ie, sw,,wosan fo,,io That aIs.tr tc. lli t them pur,, a, tirct reca-ia ed Fom (itlod abao hera, to mankindl below., This last line though written by a Protest ant, a Free-thinker, in thel true Catholic teach ing--God indleced above her, since she is ilis creature, but all mankind is below, because God has seen fit so to raise her. If we turn to those artists whosUe pe:lils owe their insliratlion to the Virgin DMary, we fad the moust rnwned devoted to hergluoies, a her sorrows .,r helr jays. Murillo painted tOwenty-live pictures on the t Immaculate Conceplition, each one varying ' Raom the othlera, .and yet all glowing with the sublime beauty of ILis untfathonlable mastcry a of God. In regard to the doctrineo inculcated c by this beantil'ul subjll ct, we qatote the wordsA of bMrs. Jameson, a shilcerat ProteCbant, wa hota looked uponl thu l 'ith ,of Chtiast lonly with aun artist's eye, asid yet wvho)e reasbni;g is won o derfully clear and tcorrect : "Fromu the time that the lhcresy of Ne.at nias had been ctndetmnled, and that the dig- C nit~ . re Virgin as Mother of the Divinity r had be ,mu a- point of doctine, it was tnot t notagh to advocate her excellilng virtue andl 1 stainless purity us a moere humtan being. It t was contended that having been predestined d from the beginning as the Woman through a whom the divine nature was made manifest on t earth, she munt be ptresumed to be exempt I from all sin, even front that original taint in- ° herited from Adam. It was argued that (God lad never sutffered Ilsia earthly temple to be I profaned; had eveu, promutlgatedt in person, a severe ordinances to preserve its sanuctuary iaviolate. flow much more to Ilian was that v temple, that tab,rnac,,l built bly fil, human r hands, in which lie land condescend d lto dwell !v Mothing w.si imlposible to God; it lay, therefore, in Ili l ower to calluse Ils Mother to it conme absolutely pure and inmmaculate into the waorld: etllcll anla (ea:ra-a--t wsarshi lper o(f the Virgian douaI.:t 1,-1 a tn:ral-,'l thnata Gr onU so 1 favored it unll not iii dIaen t Sutchl i-as the reaaoaing -f autr forefatteat; aud thie Irea. aces giahnatal, w iho ba hall call it illogiral or Tia is wv adlerful staitintg faar oe llsha dida not hbc-,,-,e a Catholic; but wa mtust daltar t from tli,, :.t ,,uted lady who wa-s still capable of ial:lga.l, ,lat Ctatholics worshpped l the Virgin, l .at' ttbu-ld to her noaea tlaan an itn tereeSsosry i..ar.a-tT-r. True that character ia ai most Io-Wsr1h1, v-lce el, was the Mother of h her Lord-aaud i. ,,,at Ilis first miracle per-. fa formed it obadi-ence to hlir request Site was the S1io.Ce ,f the hily Siitt. Do1 we tnot read in the lte" SetaItatulri. " 'lloe Holy Ghlost shall eoae tapon a, hee; arild the Ioaer of the Most tl Lligh bhall ove-rshaduow thce; and therefore the Holy vlwhich hall be born of theq, shall be called the Saa of God " She as thle predestined daughter of the Eternal V.aler, foretold by Ilita and promulised as the gre:at litpo of our exiled parents, Adama and Eve, in the garden of Eden. ies she not then the highest among oanrtale, the noblest amoing created beiugs, the most rollent among the children of men t And yet what Catholic, however pour and unlet aLred he may be-ever bestows upon her the el attributes of God or pretends that she is di vine But who will deny that it is a base, ignoble spirit which would belittle one so highly favored by God, so honored and loved by men. The master-piece of art-Raphael's crown of fame--owes its marvellous inspiration to this ideal of all grace, purity and perfection. The Madonna di San Sisto,now in the Dresden Gal lery, has been described by a hundred pens, and though we have seeon it only in print, yet we can read it as all exquisite poem-telling us of a soul no pure that God's image was never sullied on its surface, of a heart so loving that the God of love laid himself upon it as on an altar; of a mind so clear, so heavenly, that piercing the centuries yet unborn, it claimed the homage of all who should call her Blessed! In the days of Faith and heroic deeds, the title of "Our Lady" calme first into use, for she was then the lady of all hearts-and the hearts most devoted to her service were those that were filled with the noblest impulses of manhood. Certainly our age is not famous for chivalry, for now this title is rejected, and a snt er is the only greeting accorded to her name or bestowed upon the ceremonies in her honor. And yet we of the Nineteenth Century call ourselves generous, chivalrous, honorable and enlightened! And even boast of our inditfer once to the peerless lady, whom the Christian world honored for fifteen hundred years as the glorious type of all that is high, holy and beautiful in womnanhoe I! Then every artist laid his inspirations at her feet, every poet breathed his aspirations at her shrine. Even theuseful arts paid her homage, for it will be interesting to remember that the earliest impression taken from an engraved metal-plate is a Coronation of the Virgin, exe cuted by Maso Finiguerra, who lived at Flor once in 1434. But our theme is inexhaustible, andi thrse are only random thoughts suggested by "Lady Day "-as the first of May was called by Cath olic England in the olden, merry times-and we propose on some future occasion to speak of this incomparable Virgin in relation to Art alone. As the inspiration of all that is beau tiful, -e miglit speak forever-now fields would continually open before us--for even now we recall how this broad land of ours is studded with her varied titles, even as the heavens are studded with the stars of light. lHer name was on the bark which bore Colum bus across the waters, and we find it hbining upon river, lake, cape and plain front one end of America to the other, until we are compelled to conclude, that frotple pole ullo polel, anud frm ocean to ec.an, \Wherever the cross.-guded tliravelr has trod, The pencil of Faith)t. il tht, hand of i)evotit,, Htas engravern the VNan of the Mother of .;d ' Cure of a Cancer by the Water Lourdes [Front New York Freeman's Journal.l The following is a very simple narrative, not telling nearly all that was wonderful about the cure of an exasperated cancer on the cheek of a lady residing; in Madison county, New York. The writer of the letter will be recognized as the author of " Agnes Hilton," and beveral other excellent and interesting tales. The letter was written at our request, so we think it is right fir those who have re ceived great favors from Our Lady of Lourdee, to tmake theu public: S'rocaIltlD;un, N. Y. April 9, 1074. I.1. A. AM Master, Es,l,: Ilcur .ir-The blessed water of Lourdes, s that you in your kinduces and charity sent me, has perfectly cured mty dear naunt's cheek. Some tell or twelve years ago a spot made its appearance on tier left cheek near tile ear about as large as a ipenny; it was brown int color, and somewhat rough to the feeling. We d thought it simully an erysiveilas ffection, anld were not all alarlned. At length it Ibegan to h sting, itch and bleedt; but still we were not ti alarned, used simples, and thought nothing c, of it. In the fall of 2172 it burst out from the cheek, and stood liko a ripe cherry on the sur rat-. The darting paints now became very Irequent and very severe, every little while it iledt very freely, and rapidly increased in size. A be were thorouIghly alarmed, and we Irevailed on auntt to allow us to call in a phy sician. As C al ableh and experienced p1hysician, we chobe v )r. MJlre. On seeing it, he at once plronounced t it a canlcer, and hidvibd us tso take aunllt to the cancer ph3ysician, I)r. Kingsley, t.f tRome. OUn I rellection, lie told my father that he did not g think that it would do any good to take her F to Kingsley. She was so weak that ate would hardly live through the operation, and besides It the cancer was so far advanced that he doubt- a ed if the cancer physician would attempt to do anything for her. I do not believe any of our neighbors thought she would live until ' the warm weather came. s Such was her case when in February, 1i73, t I received through your charity and kindness a package ef the blessed water of Lourdes. We sent for our pastor, Father Fennelly, of t Oneida. Aunt went to confession, received Holy Communion, and his consecrated hand appited the blessed water to her poor cheek. Ve did not perceive any immediate amend- s oent, but like ourselves, our kind old pastor was sile it would cure her. That night she rested the whole night through without once waking. This was in itself a blessed favor as for weeks she hardly got any sleep. The next morning when.l dropped in, I found c it less intlanted, and several mornings after nre h,alf gone, just as if it had been cut in two. Ie rest, to teach us patience and pereover hee, was more gradual ill going; it was, in act, several ilonths before at all disappeared. iuring this sitle we continuedt our Novenas C to ouir dtear llleased Ladty, nttd the daily use of 1 Ihe blesseld water. It is ,toi atll Iotes, anld hny f lntes ch)tck Itl,.tl sly cued. Whent the ibhyst eltan htcard front lathter of thle cure, he said that it was certainly very sunrpising, he surely ldid iti think it posaible, antd he finally adlded Ilthat it really did alppear to be miraculous. - )our Ieighbors would klic to sneer andl doubt bit in the face of so remarkable a cure they are lunable to do it, and so they speak ,of the w onderfui eflect of faith and the itind on the ,ody, forgetting t(hat if my aunt's faith bad been put in doctrcutors and medicines, it would bavoe availed her nothing. But because her i faith was fixerd on the promises of Christ to lis Church, anti the teachinllgs and doctrines p of that Church, it bore rich and blessed fruit, ber cheek was cured. Miraoles have never ceased in the Church; they abound toeday as they did in the first ages, and reflembering the bequest made by Dbriat on the Cross to St. John, and in him to ll His followers, we look to Mlary, and in her I we behold our mnother, who, as Bt. Bernard It taye, is always glad to do for her children. L'raise be to God for giving us such a kind mother. With great estoenm, I am very respectfully , foars, MARY MUorMAN. We take pleasure in calling attention to the a remoral of the Great Chlas sad Japan Tea Warehouse I to o. 170 Canal street, opposite Varelee Theatrs. b Dur reders who wish gooeed ad pare tea will 4o well to all at this *tsbllfsheak 5,^·~t LZ:. ·_~_ I _ 1~~~~l:rY~~·~Y ji 1- The Catholle RBev w, of New York and Brooklyn publishes the following interest le ing items of Foreign news : y We regret to announce the death of one I of the most distinguished priests of Ire f land. Father James Maher of Carlow, is uncle of his Eminence Cardinal Cullen, e Archbishop of Dublin. Father Maher was a splendid type of an Irish priest of the school of J. K. L., his illustrious friend and Bishop, and for a long period he ex S rcised throughout South Eastern Leinster, if especially Carlow a most beneficial inflo r once. His obsequies were Attended by his t kinsmen Cardinal Cullen and Bishop Moran n of Ossory and by Bishop Walslie, Bishop t Lynch and the leading clergy and laity of his section. 1 The Archbishop of Algeria has hit upon an original but very effective way of es e tablishing Catholic colonies in Africa. lie r causes the abandoned Arab children to be e educated in the faith and when they are old enoug'h they are married and gifts eof core, cattle and farming implements f given to them. With these, some dozen r young couples go out into a fertile spot and build themselves a village and church which is served by a missioniary and in that town a flourishing colony of Chi istians is formed. The majority of these flourish ing communities have been established in 1 the Kabylle, a very beantiful and fertile - part of Algeria. The Parisian young ladies of the Society of the Enfolts de Marie performed a pil grimage to the Cathedral of Notre Dame on March 25. The Archbishop presided. Several thousand young girls were present, r and the line of carriages bringing them, r stretched over a mile. Each pilgrim was robed in white, and held a torch in her hand. Every rank of society was repre sented from the grande dame to the poorest of the poor. The Count and Countess of Paris were in the Church, as were also the daughters of their R. II. the Dukes d' Au male and Chartres, and the Duchesses do Chevreusoe, de Luynes and Dudeauville. The Duchesse do Chevreuse and Marquise de Mliramont organized this beautiful de monstration of the maidens of Paris. The - Rev. Father Geromet, O. S. D., preached. The scene in the interior of the Cathedral was very beautiful. By three o'clck, the approaches to the Church were almost im pa.sable, and at four, there was a perfect crush, even the quays were thronged. At Bordeaux, a similar demonstration took place, and 5,000 women walked in the pro cession, and at Orleans, Mgr. Dupanloup, presided over another like ceremony. FATIIER BUTLER, 8, J. AND Iis COLLEAGCES Is AUGUSTA.-At the invitation of the Catholic Bishop of this diocese, the Jesuit Fathers who were on a visit to this city last February de termined to establish themselves permanently in Augusta. Rev. Father Theobold Butler, S. J., therefore purchased from Mr. Charles A. Rowland, for the sum, of $10,00 , the valuable property on the northwest corner of Ellis and cKinne streets. The city was divided into two parishes, and that west of Cumming street assigned to the charge of the Jesuit Fathers. During the recent visit of Bishop Gross the new parish was consecrated as the I Sacred lHeart of Jesus. A few days ago Fath- t ers Theobold W. But.ler and James lleidenkatup and Brother Albeit, of the Society of Jesus, t took formal posssession of the property alluded to above, and services are now regularly held in the two last rooms, first story of the build ing, which have been converted into a shipel. The lot fronts 240 on Ellis street, and extends through to Greene. The building is two and t a half stories high, and contains ten roonms. The Chapel of tV4, Sacred Heart is capable of e seating one hundred and thirty personls. The first mass in the chapel was celebrated at six b o'clock Thurday morning and the other at seven. The chapel was crowded with wor- n shippers at both masses. Plans are now being perfected for a new building to be used as a church and school house. It will be of brick. ninety-six feet long and forty-eight wide, and two stories in height. The first story will be 1 devoted to school p>lrposes, while the church c will be in the secondu The building will be of brick, and will cast between ten and fifteen thousand dollars. Its construction will be commenced about the first of Juno next.-Au austa Chronicle, April 20. T'iH VAttCAN.--(. Saturday the 4th of April, His HIoliuess received in audience the I Catholic strangers at present in Rome. The visitors on this occasion amounted to nearly two thousand. All Nationalities wore repre- c sented. The address was read by the Land grave Furstenberg, an Austrian. It was in French The Pope responded in Italian, in his Ihappiest style. lIe said the sentiments of the address were the echo of the sentiments ex pressed by Catholics in every part of the 1 world. The services of the Church at this I season faithfully reflected the suffering condi tion of the Faith under present persecution. lie desired those present to take comfort from 1 the functions of Easter. The darkness which 1 overspread the earth at the consummation of I the Redeemer's sacrifice, the afflictions and 1 scourges which visited man, eftected the con version of men who had refused to yield to the presence of Jesus and the miracles wrought by Him in the sight of multitudes. From the I date of Christ's death trouble and distress be came the means of spreading Christianity. And so now in persecution and calamity God was working out the salvation of souls. The Itely Father's voice was dostinctly heard in every part of the noble hall of Consistory, and he appearedI to feel little the worse for his fatigue in performring the Easter scericcs. Six cardinnals were in attendance. IoE.Y & O'CoNNoR, AUCTIONEERS AND AP rCOIMP.5 -In another solumn willbe found a ead from (hise well known gentlemen, announcing their readinoss s to attend to all business that may be entrusted to them. For many years they have been connected, in in . ential positions, with oar leadinlg actten firms, andi for some time previous to the date of its dissolution they were both partners in the firm of C. E. Giirardey i & Co. They have in their possession all the books, a plans and records of C(. E.i Girardey & Co. and most of the records of the slato Mejoer Beard. With their large expel ience and the high reputation they habnve won in ( this community for slinglenes of purpose in attending to the interests of their patrons. sterling integrity and promnptitutde, they will. no doubt, attract and retain a large share ei the business now belog done in their line. t The card of Dr. James Porter will be found a on our Afifth page. Duringthe lastyear and the present a season Dr. Porter treated hundreds of ear citlsens, effecting many astonishing cures. The names of some of his patlents are given in his card, and they can be a referred to at their residences or places of business, o while the names of many more, who have been cured a by him, esan be Ismrnished by the Doctor. The afilicted I who wish to consult him are requested to call at his i parier,, ea 1? 5I. ChaM street. . id I0I3!T @t AOUO IINuWTBeslW. CATHOLIC SCHOOLS IN ROCHESTER, N. T. The Catholics of Rochester, New York, Io are certainly deserving of the highest e- praise for their labors in the cause of Ca r, tholic Education. The statistics of their o, schools, in ahich Catholic children are is educated as the Church commands nnder e pain of grievous sin, proclaim the full Id and entire obedience of the people on this - most importance doctrine of religious ed r, ucation to their bishop and clergy. While - the Common schools of that city number s 5,697 pupils, the parochial schools of the un Catholic Church are educating 5,322-the P difference being only 375 in favor of schools that receive the support of the State. The Catholics of no city in the country, not even in Cincinnati, where the Catholic s schools count nearly t-ighteen thousand e pupils, do porportionately as well. The 1e best and most lasting service we can do to e Catholic faith is to rival, the example g which Rochester has given us. It forcibly teachers to the Catholic parents of this n nation, that the highest treason they com mt it against God and the greatest injury they can inflict upon their children is to " send them to places of godless instruction. e Catholics elsewhere should take that lesson to heart and put it to so faithful practice, n that Catholic children should know no e other schools than those that are blessed by the hand of the Catholic religion - Y Cincinnati Telegraph. e THE NEW CIIAPEL OF THE LITTLE SISTERS OF TIIE POOR IN BALTIMORE. , On Sunday, April 26th, the Feast of the Patronage of St. Joseph, the corner-stone a of the new chapel of the house of the Little r Sisters of the Poor, on John street, will be - laid. The foundation of the chapel has t already been built, and it is expected that f in a few months the entire edifice will be 3 completed. An imposing Catholic demon - stration will take place on the occasion of Slaying the corner-stone; a procession, composed of the Catholic beneficial socie a ties, under the chief marshalship of John T. Piquett, will form one of the chief attrac ] tions of the secular demonstration. The first resident Mother of the Little I Sisters in Baltimore was Sister Mary t Fannie, a lady of a noble and distinguished French family, whose early youth was spent at the court of Napoleon III., where she was celebrated for her beauty and ac complishments. Though very young, she possessed great administrative ability. Having proved herself so successful in the management of the house in Baltimore, she was selected to establish otter houses elsewhere throughout the United States. As soon as the chapel is completed, it is the intention to erect another wing exactly corresponding to the present building, so that the chapel will be situated in the centre of the whole structure. DEATHS AMONG TIIE SISTERS OF CHARITY. At noon on Monday, 6th inst., Sister Mary Ursula died at Mount Hope Retreat, 1 Baltimore county, after a brief illness of t catarrh. Sister Ursula was one of the most prominent Sisters of Charity in this coun- a try and was a relative of the celebrated Mrs. Mattingly of Washington, and bore the same family name. S'e was a native I of Alleghany couLty, Md., and was born i in 1803. Nearly a half century ago she made the f vows of religion and received the habit of j the Order. Her career as a religious was a marked and varied one. The field of her early labors was the old Maryland Hospital, in this city, which, when first established, between forty and fifty years ago, was under the charge of the Sisters of Charity. When the Sisters gave up the hospital, 1 Sister Ursula was sent to Brooklyn, New a York, and afterwards to Buffalo. By the death of Sister Ursula, her Order i has lost one of its most valuable and zeal- I ous members, the poor and afflicted a con-- - stant and devoted friend. Within a week after the death of Sister 1 Ursula at the Mount Hope Retreat, Sister [ Ramin died at the same institution. Her delath took place on last Sunday evening, a after a protracted illness from cancer. Th1i deceased Sister, Miss E. Lee, of this city, I was born in 1825.-B-altimaore Mirror. ST. JOIIN'S CIIURCHI , ORANGE, N. J. A meeting of the creditors of St. John's church, Orange, was held at the Bishopl,' residence, Newark, on April 8th. Tile committee appointed at the last meeting to report on debt, did so. The amount was the same as heretofore recorded. Mr. Spottswood, of the committee, made a proposition that the creditors take thecash already subscribed, and take further mort gage bonds on the church, which bonds are not to draw interest and not to mature un. til the endowment insurance policy on Father Hickey's life for $200,000 is paid up. The premium on the latter is borne by the church. The proposition was con sidered fair and will probably be accepted, but the meeting adjourned for a week without decision. It appears that in any case the church cannot be sold before Oc tober, owing to the death of ex-Sheriff I Gamble, which throws the matter over for the interim. Since the above appeared the Bishop has effected ai settlement with the creditors, and the church is now in no danger of beaitg sold, thlough a debt of $100,000 re mainse to be paid by the diocese. - -- -~-a C'hurch' MVonic.,l rieior has a right to claim thot it is thebo mnagazlnue for musical people. Its te- I clhanical appearance, always attractive, has been great ly improved, and its publishers challente a comparison with any similar publication, either American or For eign. The ~uictor contains thirty-two pages tilled with an entertaining variety of mnatter, original stories,. musical sketches, poetry, humnorous reviows, and tall matters of gones, al ilntereot to musnicl paople. Ilesides thie, the nmusc alone in each volume olf the Visidor would cost in sheet form between 513 and t0o. while at is furbnished for only 53 50 a year. with a fine shromo. I lalone worth the price of the magazine The publlsbers t will send a specimen copy, containing over $1 worth of music free on application. Add:ees John Church & Co., Ctnclnnatl. Ohio. Maguire's Cundarango Bitters are highly spoken of by those who have uneed them, as a remedy I for constipation, billiousnesn, liveror kidney complaint. It thoroughly yet mildly removes all secretions from a the sstem, porifes the blood end prevents sickness. a Meosrs. Morrison & Woodward, corner Canal and Mag. t asine streets, are the agents for the Southern States a Great inducements to purchasers of dry goods are offered at the St. Philip Store, corner e of Royal and St. Philip streets. Their stock is well selected and is replenished by frequent arrivals from New York bought with great care and oeered to cons tomers at real bargain. Ladies will do wtll to give t time ae. C G01. JO1MEP JOHNNTON'S BOOK ON THE WAh The Season why he did not Attempt to Capture Washington. ir ------- PRESIDENT DAVIS VINDICATED. I- [From the New Yoik Tri'une.I le Gen. Johnston gives a detailed account r of the first battle of Bull Run, or of Manae ae eas, as it is styled by him, and offers a e series of special pleadings to exculpate I himself from his subsequent failure to e capture Washington. This failure has it been ascribed to the prohibition of the c president; but that is an error; he gave d no orders, and expressed no wish on-the e subject. T'aking the situation into view, o says Gen. Johnston, the southern people e could not have expected greater results y from their victory than those accomplish 8 ed, the defeat of the invasion of Virginia, and the protection of the Confederate cap - ital. The reason which he alleges for o declining a movement on Washington will * be read with interest. "All the millitary conditions, we knew, forbade an attempt on Washington. The D Confedrate army was more disorganized by 1 victory than that of the United States by - defeat. The southern soldiers believed that the objects of the war had been ac s complished by their victory, and that they had achieved all that their country requir ed of them. Many, therefore, in ignorance of their military obligations, left the army -not to return. Some hastened home to exhibit the trophies picked up on the field; others left their regiments without ceremony to attend to wounded friends, frequently accompanying them to hospitals in distant towns. Such were the reports f of general and staff officers and railroad officials. Exaggerated ideas of the victory prevailing among out troops cost as more men than the federal army lost by defeat. "Besides this condition of our army, the reasons for the course condemned by the non-combatant military critic were : "The unfitness of our raw troops for marching or assailing intrenchments. "The want of the necessary supplies of food and ammunition and means of trans porting them. Until near the 10th of August we never had rations for more than two days, and sometimes none, nor half enough ammunition for a battle. "The fortifications upon which skillful engineers, commanding the resources of the United States, had been engaged since April, manned by at least 50,000 Federal troops, half of whom had not suffered defeat. "The Potomac, a mile wide, bearing United States vessels-of-war, the heavy guns of which commanded the wooden bridges and southern shore. "The confederate army would have been two days in marching from Bull Run to the federal intrenchments, with less than two days' rations, or not more. It is as serted that the country, teeming with grain and cattle, could have furnished food and forage in abundance. Those who make the assertion forget that a large fede ral army had passed t)ice over the route in question. Many of the southern people have seen tracts of. country along which a federal army has passed once; they can judge, therefore, of the abundance left where it has passed twice. As we had none of the means of besieging, an imme diato assault upon the forts would have been unavoidable; it would have been repelled, inevitably,-and our half supply of ammunition exhausted ; and the enemy, previously increased to 70,000 men by the army at Harper's Ferry, and become the victorious party, could and would have resumed their march to Richmond without fear of further opposition. "And, if we had miraculously been suc cessful in our assault, the Potamac would have protected Washington, and rendered our further progress impossible. "It is certain that the federal govern ment and generals did not regard the cap ture of Washington by us as practicable, like the non-combatant authors of the cri ticisms to which I refer. The fact that the army at Harper's Ferry was left idle there instead of being bfoughtto Washing ton, is conclusive on that point- I have never doubted the correctness of my course on that occasion. liad I done so, the re sults of the invasions made subsequently by disciplined and much more numerous armies, properly equipped and provided, and commanded by the best soldiers who appeared in that war, would have reas sured me. The first of these expeditions was after Gen. Lee's victory over Pope, and those of Maj. Gens. Jackson and Ewell over Fremont, Banks, and Shields, in 1862 ; the second, when the way was supposed to have been opened by the of feet of Gen. Lee's victory at Chancellors ville in 1863. "The armies defeated on these occasions were four times as numerous as that re pulsed on the 21st. of July, 1861, and their losses much greater in proportion to num bers; yet the spirit of the northern people was so roused by these invasions of their country that their armies, previously do feated on our soil, met ours on their own atSharpsburg and Gettysburg so strong in numbers and in courage as to send back the war into Virginia from each of those battle-fields. The failure of those inva sions, directed by Lee, aided by Longstreet and Jackson, with troops inured to marches and mansuvres as well as to battle, and attempted under the most favorable cir cometanuces of the war, proves that the confederacy was too weak for offensive war fare, and is very strong evidence in favor of the course against which southern writ ers have declaimed vehemently." Luojk OurT Fon T11 FUTURE.-It is the dulty of vrcry one to have a thought for the future. The I laborer who is most worthy of his hire does not wish I to bo al wasa a laborer, hutby bforethought and frugality he hopes to save enough to make him independent and useful among his lellow men. Even a hiittle is worth saving. for from smarll beginnings well followed up the greatest results have lown. To those who wish to lay by their earnings and place them where they will be increasing, the Worklogman's Ilank, No. 954 Canal street, offers great inducements. The money of the savings department can be invested only on good co - ateral named by law. and theese securities must be worth three times the amount loaned on them. Interest is allowed on deposits and compounded somi-annually. The directors of this bank are all merchants of high standing, and the President. V. Maignan, Esq , is one of our oldest and most esteemed merehants. SMembers of Branch No. 3 will see by a no. tlee elsewhere that the regular monthly meeting, on the 5th ast., will be held in the scheel house eorier Cemin Mmnrlakese . Breu m3musatt waH TaH eERMAxs ARE uxMIGRATIN., * The London Dal3y 2Tdelrpp shows the reasons for German emigration to the United States. In the new Army Bill, the Emperor, or rather Bismarok, demands a greater total of army strength and a lbage term of service from each man than the representatives of the people think eSsee. tial ; and from the experience of 1862, the people know that the Bill will be carried in utter defiance of the popular wish, as the Army Bill that year was carried. The Telegraph says:--" We are not at all snr. prised that in the face of these facts there should be a large amount of German discontent expressed in many ways-by Republicans returned for Berlin, as our correspondent has pointed out, by increased emigration, and by various salgns of social uneasiness. The Liberals of Germany quote the success of the Bavarian troops in the late war as a proof that two yearat training is enough to make a man a very" fair soldier, and they naturally point to great victories, an enriched treasury, a doubly-fortified frontier, and a disabled rival as reasons for some relaxation of the perpetual military strain. Is all this pre paration for war to be eternal 9 Is the bow to be forever bent It is all very well for martinet Generals, who have never been civilians, and will never leave the service, to spend their lives in the delights oft. unending drill; but the German, though a good soldier, is at heart a man of industry, of family, and of peace, looking to the future, and not greatly elated even at the glories of war. The Liberals in Parliament really represent the opinion of the masses on the question, and we may be sure that the popular 'demands, so reasonable in themselves, will sooner or later make way. The personal influence of the Emperor and Prince Bismarck is a tower of strength in the present day. But they cannot live for ever, and the time will come when rulers and statesmen destitute of their prestge, and perhaps without their prejudices, will yield, readily or reluctantly, to the tem perate demands of the German people for some easing of the present terrible yoke of wide conscription and protracted service. While that is the outlook of the nation as whole, individuals have a better mode of redress. They can emigrate to America and they do so in thousands. They find abroad masses of their countrymen and kinsfolk : they find no Princes, no con scription, and a future for their children such as no German State can offer. For merly they had one drawbackF they could not return to the Fatherland without being subjected to penalties for having evaded the conscription; but now an American citizen, even though of German birth, is protected by his new nationality, and can revisit his native country a free 'man. Some of these returned emigrants may be found along the Rhine, proudly boasting of their citizenship across the sees, and talk ing English with American accent, German pronunciation and Yankee slang. Through out Germany, as the people grow more prosperous they will more and more resent the personal annoyance of the conscription, and be glad to escape to a land where privileged classes and perpetual drill are unknown. Germany loses a great deal by this movement: the flower of the popui tion go; the young, the hardy, the adven turous. The very expenses and difficulties of the change act as a sieve to sift out for America the best grains. It is a curious destiny for that nation to be able to make Germany, Ireland, and to some extent England itself, free nurseries for young American citizens. Without charge we feed them, teach them, clothe them during their non-earning years, and then, when their minds and muscles are so grown that they can support themselves, America re ceives them and profits by their work. The importance of carpet weaving in Phila delphia as an industriatinterest is seen from the fact that the yearly sales of carpets alone reach over l$15,f00,000. Nobody can carpeat that. The May number of the Mclropolitan Magarias is a model for fashion periodicals, and will affordto i readers much valuable information as well as pleasSg and interesting reading matter. The price of tie Mtiropulitan is twenty-five cents for single copies eat $2 00 per annum. Mr. Win. -E. Cooper, agent Slnot sewing machine, E9 Canal street, is the sole Eonthem agent, and to him those who wish patterns or sewitl machings should apply. If there is one thing more provoking than another, it is to find that the elegant shoes you par chased for Kate or Frank a week ago, and whichy01 were sure would last a coiple of months, have alrsady become unfit to wear. The only way to obviate this difficulty is to purchase of a consolentious dealerlike G. J. Wagner, corner Ursaline and Dauphine strsee where you will always get strong, well fitting shos etc., at the very lowest prices. " See what a dollar will buy." This you can do by reading Braselman & Adams' advertisement. Our readers who wish to purchase shoes for their families should call on Mrs. James A. Kelly, corner of Dryades and Erato streets. Mrs.~stely hU a largo and well selected stock of first clsss goods for ladles' and *hildren s wear, which she Is selling at verY reasonable prices. It is often difllult for those who wish to have their likenesses taken to assume a natural es pression at the right time, hobut Mr. 8. Anderson, " 131 Canal street, has introduced the novelty of takinI the impression without the subject's knowledge, Ud thus sccures a pleasing and natural picture. You can save money, time and annoyance by having 5our washing done at the Crescent City S5Ls Lanodry. so. 003 St. Charles street, between Julals an St. Joseph. A lady has charge of all ladies' wesres apparel, and goods are called for and sent home freed charge. 8t will buy thirteen yards of 9c. calicost BeraMselman & Adams'. aDVERTISING RATES OF TJlE "STAB' Sisua-e- a One ' Two Thbe sis 0i . .'th. Mh'ts M'thelinu'ths Vas .............so s15 Tw' .................. Its ie 0 s , . ra ..................s I o r/o , Thirty................m17o tee) 1 3800| I,__ : ,~l I