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r lt Star and Catholic Muwager.
raw emIAWr. smNDAT, MAY 1. 194. Lrrsn 8___ SoME . wO TrE LATE CARINAL BAMAIIBD'O'I -ems, April 18.-On the 15th and 17th of a£wU tho furnitore and effects of the late <4-meistl Barnsbo were sold by auction at Saiaas.mse in theCollege of the Propaganda. St'm"se was a numerous attendance of pmgs, a abug whom were many friends of lyesaed who were anxious to purchase o s seemorial of the deceased Cardinal. W'1e icturee were few and of no great -' e, and some of them were bought in or williprwa. A picture representing the iEn sod Child, supposed to be by Titian., - , m a3d for 1,550 lire. The valuable library d 'f te Cardinal will be sold, on sixteen a sa days, beginning on the 24th April, I -oinding on the 12th of May. Each sls eale will consist of about 121 lots. e~amber of works to be bold amounts 41WjiM, but as many of these works com ýdaisleveral volumes, the total number of ma re must be estimated at over 3,000. 1 ?m ANT CONTROVERSIALISTS IN ROME. Bire tle departure of Mgr. Capel, the Paeaestaut agents in Rome got up some salligs and lectures with a view of an aa:uaag the arguments of the Catholic s.l.haer. Cavazzssi was employed to deliver rs~ trse of sermons and to take part in jUibleal conferences, and used a bitterness eA" aarseness of language in his haran as which offended many of the Protest saLL. He termed Pius IX. the reptile of tLe Tiara. The managers of the Scotch iP'aebyterisn Church outside the Ports del Io were much ar noyed by this offensive e of preaching. One of the Elders earte 'to the 1)iritto explaining that the C.ensmittee, when granting the u-e of their laokh to the Italian Bible Society, sabplasted that no violent language should e employed against any individual. NEW SISiiOiS FOR AUSTRALIA. Ga Thursday, the 16th, Dr. Fortune, Retor of the College of Allhallows near Itllio, was declared Bishop Elect of the .ew See of Sandhurst; and the Rev. aiduael O'Connor, parish priest of Rtth amratham, near Dublin, was named Bishop mtect of Ballarat. Both these Sees are to Uea ragap to Melbourne, the new metro olitan See of Archbishop Gould. The 46ges of the Catholic Church in Austra ft during the present century has been amt remarkable. There were only two Catholic Missionaries In Australia at the o zoeencement of this century, while now riaeere thirteen dioceses. There are now w.e ecelesiastical provinces in Australia, stase namely, of Sydney and Melbourne. 1l latter province embraces Victoria and at- portions of the Australian continent. T Catholics in Victoria now number Spersons. In 1871 there were but u. New South Wales counts 147,627 lkhoics. In South Australia are 28,668, a in Queensland 31,822 Catholics. In Ae ustralia are 7,168, in New Zealand -1=j$ , and in Tasmania 22,091 Catholics. atLdaether there must be at present, rsag allowance for the increase since E B, nearly 500,000 Catholics in Austraila; as oauntry wherein. half a century ago, t5e were hardly 30,000 members of the f ,tolic Church. MGR. DUPANLOUP. The Bishop of Orleans, Monsignor Du moaloup, has arrived in Rome, and has edea op his residence in the Palazzo DEARINEiS OF FOOD IN ITALY. ijbe alarming scarcity and dearness of plrrions, not only in Rome but in the gweincce, engage the attention of Gov ~el.meut and the local authorities. At lmetta the Municipality appointed a wmauittee of fifteen citizens to devise s·a res to assist the poorer classes in hdir-distress. The provincial authorities Biari determined, in consequence of the fifg price of food, to give a month's pay r alt the persons engaged in public offices '~Eain this district. A firm in Ancona hidi used to sell butcher's meat to per sns in distress at about sixpence a pound, liabeen obliged to discontinue that mode tSoudamaity. In Messina the population is shiven to desperation by poverty and taxa sisma. A tax gatherer in that city was shot sO aeo 14th of April, by an unfortunate r- re,wbo as he discharged the pistol at his -s.afa exclaimed: ." Death to you and to rmc taxes !" Rome has daily instances of base, and the police constantly find poor auaz es lying in halls or staircases in an dsameted state from inanition. A young man. was discovered the other day in the W*Giallo Romano, who had been two days etarlmt food. In the afternoon of the same adff·e man was seen to stagger and fall in dre Via della Botteghe Oscure, who had all De-signs of extreme want and privation. We weecarried, not to the hospital, but to - 'c esting-house. The following morning -gt'eth of twenty years was found lying Eraatsteet in the. Trevi quarter in a gate ras, helpless and without strength through ,-0"- of food. TILE MARRIAGE lILL. -Ibe Bishops of the Province of Genoa Mau forwarded a protest to the Italian lEairpaet against the proposed Bill a dig it imperative to celebrate the civil a igage before the ecclesiastical one. The JW.pe pointout the injusstice, of abolishing Bsa ·sbcene t rights of the Church regarding lastienyo among Christians, rights which wmd not created or conferrcd by the State, t ~tshich arise from the divine character * l , BSacraments of Marriage in the Ctaolic Church. They assert that it is a arsdhip to attach penalties to-the celebra an of the Sacraments, and an interference -pe. trie independence of the Church and . civil liberty. This protest bears the gbfature of tile Archbishop of Genoa- the Midaep of Ventimiglia, Savona aud eolli .÷m- 4rasna and lirugoato, Albeoga, and , and the Vicar-Capitular of osrtona. . *."., . a Tablet. BAA ATLA'TA AND Nnw OSt.AIIs BaORT n..1Th e eo oar citiseas who intend vilitiLag the C East thIs sammer would do well to examione anho s .*vealaes offered by the meveral reotes. i e ara eoast sit travelling. sad therefor le luarhe rlative morte of the varuioe line. are tbhmhmesl sstaoSa that the Atlanta Short Ln Is tbhe ".l tests eogl~ ds seoommodatloa, but lseo as gn~ . tebotsst 5a ans auetIng the meet rapid - a .. pllmaa palassc sae ar attaohed so cV-ry .lmhOaleose oeasestios 1 made to all polsm North s "esagere s tao he ae ta the ~ oae eo emos Mas, tieos ad all d4e554 tasrm *" ! am be gle. at the eMee, arer a'ot mpsad r. ApriS sth.l IBRLAND. General Increase of Ients.-On all aides, says the Dublin Kation of the 25th it,, we hear of landlords raising or threateaing to raise the rents on their estates, and of tenants being, in consequence, thrown into a state of confasion and alarm. The Earl of Roden, for instance, has issued a circa. iar to his tenants in Louth, in which he informs them that their rents are to be increased, and the tenants have come to rether in public meeting, in the town of Dundalk to try to prevent, by the help of the general public, a proceeding which they say will result In creating "bad feeling, lengthened litigation, and numerous heavy claims under the Land Act." The tenants appear to us to state their case with equal force and moderatina. They recall the fact that when in 1854 the price of agricul tural produce suddenly and considerably increased, and when, in consequence, they were called upon to pay a proportionate increase of rent, they did not demur, but, on the contrary, cheerfully complied with the demand. They go on to urge that no further increase in the price of produce has since occurred to justify a further increase of rent, while to justify a decrease of rent there are three distinct facts-that the cost of labor and agricultural implements has increased very considerably, that local taxation charges have become heavier, and that for the last three years "the crops have been very deficient in yield." They then maSke the assertion that their present rents are " higher hby fifty to a hundred per cent than the Poor Law valuation, which was considered the fair letting value." Finally, they are able to point in sustain ment of their position to the practice of a neighboring landlord, Lord Clermont, who has never raised the rents on his property since 1850, and "always contributes timber and slates for every house his tenants may wish to build." We repeat that the tenants have made out a strong prima faets case for the Earl of Roden's leaving their rents as they are, and that they have done so in language of studied moderation. But they do one ohing more which clearly entitles them to public sympathy and support. They propose " to have the value'of their respective holdings left to an independent valuator, to ba mutually chosen by the agent of the estate and a tenant nominated by the majority of the tenants on the property, or to two valuators, one to be selected by the agent, and the other by the tenants." GIEAT BRIlTAIN. 'tw Jury ,ystem.-Mr. Lopes's Juries Bill, which was read a second time on Wednesday, is founded on Sir John Col eridge's Bill of last year. and the recom mendations of the Select Committee on the subject. It proposes to extend the area from which jurors are taken by raising the age of abadoute exemption from sixty to seventy, leaving to any person the right of claiming exemption, if he thinks fit, at sixty-five. Moreover, lodgers are to be made eligible to serve on both common and special juries, and the managers of certain companies on the latter. The ra ting qualification is to be preserved, the qualification for special jurors being some what raised ; the overseers who compile the lists are to be better paid, and all sum monses are to be sent by post, so that cor rupt practices on tihe part of the summon ing officer may be prevented. But the more important part of the measure is that which deals with the composition of the jury ; in criminal cases it is proposed that twelve should still be required, in civil cases seven, with the option, after formal notice, of having the case tried by twelve. And in the event of the death or illness of one or more jurymen, the Bill gives the judge the power to order a trial to go on, provided that a jury of twelve shall not be reduced below nine, nor one of seven below five. The Bill was well received on both sides of the House; the new Attorney-General, Sir R. Baggallay, promising to consider whether Govern ment could take it over, and in any case that he would do all he could to further it and make it efficient ; the Home Secretary adding that Government would do its best to pass either this Bill or a modified one in the course of the present session. eewdegate's Anti- Catholic Bill.--Mr. Newdegate gave notice on Thursday week of the postponement of his Bill to the ist of ay. The Commission which he pro poses to create-and if the new majority turns out to be strong in the No-Popery element, he will very likely succeed in creating it-is to be a body such as happily has not yet been seen in England for many a day. It is to possess an inquisitorial and a quasi-judicial character, being armed with powers to enter and inspect any Con ventual or Monastic institution, to compel the production of every kind of evidence, and to command the aid of all the officers of the law ; and also to report on the na tune and tenure of all the property or means of subsistence of such institutions, and whether such means of subsistence are or are not consistent with the provision of the Acts against Superstitions Uses, the the Mortmain, or Charity Acts. As to its composition, Mr. Noewdegate proposes that there shall be seven Commissioners; one appointed by the Lord Chancellor, one by tine Speaker, one by the Lord ChiefJustice of England, two by the Catholic Poor Schools Committee, and two by the Com missioners of Lunacy. We scarcely sup posed that MIr. Newdegate is really under the delnausion that the Poor School Commit. tee would ever consent to appoint to such an office, or that any Cltholic would ever consent to exercise it, and his proviso as validating the acts of a majority of the Commission, and empowering existing Commisaioners to act daring vacancies in their body, are probably intended to cover the gape which would be prodnuced ino his scheme by the refusal of Catholics to have anything to do with it. mWITBtRLAND. 1e Retviion of the Ooestitvtios.LThbe vote which took place on Sunday last, on the proposed revision of the 8wiss Federal Ooas·titution, was fatal to all hopes of the perseeation being confined to the Protes tant and Liberal Cantons. The popular vote was 385.000 for and 900,000 against the Constitutional bhangl and the Canton al vote was thus divided. All the seven and-a-half Cathollo Cantooa, whbleh formed part of the sonderbnd In 1849, voted against the revision, beIng the following : Lucaerne, Ur, 8ebhwya, Zn Fribourg, Va lais, and one of the two hlves of Aiee sell; while fourteoen-and.a.half vct for it..namel, urech, Betams, Bale, Schabhasea. the other half of Ap penell, 8t. Gall, the risons, Thurgau, Ticino, Vand, Neuebatel, and Geneva. By this act the Central Power will be so en ormously strengthened and the Cantonal autonomies so curtailed, 4hat the imposi tion upon the Catholic Cantons of all the measures destructive of the Church's ex istence, which the authorities at Berne and Geneva have already applied where they were unr,disputed masters, will be rendered possible. Even the Jomrnal des Debate ad mits that the religious or " confessional " articles of the new Constitution are utterly inconsistent with a just idea of religionus liberty. The Jesuits are excluded from the whole of Switzerland-this, however, was the case already-all other societies sup posed to be "affiliated" to them-we need not say there are none-are equally ban ished , no new convents of any order may be erected, and existing communities are condemned to extinction through a pro hibition to receive novices. But this is nothing to what follows; the Church is forbidden to inflict any, even spiritual, censures, and the Bishops may not exclude from their communion one who thas fallen into heresy or remove a revolted priest from his ecclesiastical functions. THE GERMAN PZRSECUTION. Persecution of the Bishop of Nancy.-It is difficult to see what practical object the German Government can propose to itself in citing the Bishop of Nancy before its court at Severne for the Pastoral which was read in the German parishes of his diocese. In the first place, the Bishop has distinctly repudiated the meaning which has been at tached to his words, and has denied that his Pastoral has any reference whatever to the reconquest of the annexed provinces. And, secondly, as the French Government has carried out the stipulations of the treaty of peace, and has applied to the Holy See for a "rectification" of the ecclesiastical frontiers, so that the annexed parishes will eventually be detached from the See of Nancy, there is still less reason for press ing the matter in a vindictive and vexa tious manner. The Holy See has offered no opposition to the proposed alteration in the diocesan boundaries, and if the affair has not yet been finally settled, it is the fault neither of Rome nor of France, but rather of Germany; which having no re presentative at the Vatican, has not yet, so it is said, formally and offioially signified its concurrence in the request which has been preferred by France. As far as the Bishop of Nancy is personally concerned, he has acted throughout in the most con ciliatory manner, and has endeavored to disabuse the German Government of its misrepresen tationsefirst th rough the French Minister of Public Worship, (then M. Bat bie) who replied that he "would not fail to make the German Government acquainted with his (the Bishop's) generous senti ments," and next through the President of Mets, Count von Arnim; but the Berlin authorities, apparently resolved to lose no chance of making war upon a Bishop, push - ed the matter on, prosecuted thirty-six priests for reading the Pastoral, and have now prosecuted the Bishop himself. Mgr. Fonloo, being out orthe country, of course did not appear, and the first report was that be was condemned to a fine; the se cond, however, that the Court had not yet made known its decision, and there the matter rests. And of the Archbishop of Olmuts-The same question has been raised on the fron tier between Prussian and Austria, though in a different manner, the Archbishop of Olmutz, in Moravia, having been fined by a Prussian Court for appointing two priets to parishes in the Silesian part of his dio cease. More Arrests.-In Germany the impris gnment of the Bishop of Paderborn is supposed to be imminent, an attempt to place a fresh execution in his Episcopal residence having resulted in the discovery that there was nothing left to be seized. The Canon Woyciechowski, "official " of the diocese of Gnesen, was arrested last week-it is not known on what charge, perhaps for some act implying a non-re cognition of the Archbishop's pretended deposition-but the tribunal allowed him a respite till Monday. The Pope's Allocutions. The Pope was compelled, by the attacks made upon his published speeches some time since by the Italian Government, to make arrangements for true and perfect reports being made of them. The journals, which are the avowed enemies of the Papacy, published anything they chose as an Allocution, and then made use of it -for their own purpose. That little game has been stopped; for, although, his Holiness very frequently, indeed, more frequently, than otherwise, speaks without written I preparation, he deemed it necessary to have an accurate report made, for his own peru ssal, of every Allocution he spoke, to be published with such corrections of the text, as set the stenographer right afterwards. For this purpose, the Holy Father ap pointed the Rev. Father Franciscis re r porter, and lie receives notice of every oc casion on which he is required at the Vati can for his duty. Ile proceeds there, and takes down accurately the speech of Pio None eas stenographer, and tlhen returning to his convent, copies out his notes care fully, returning with them to the Vatican, where they are left for the inspection of the Holy Father. His Holiness then corrects them and they are returned to the Rev. Father Franciscis for publication. In the midst of the duties of his Holiness, this takes some time, and some of them which he has not leisure to correct, are left in the hands of Father Franciscis. These are not for present publication, and constitute a grand volume for a future time, as the inedited allocutions of his Holiness. There will be much more than any of ous knows now to be learned from that publication when it will be given to an expectant world.--B(atihore Mirror. A famine is prevailing in Asia Minor. It is estimated that the daily number of deaths from starvation in the town of Angora is 100. Angora is 935 mils distant from Costasino ple, and is a oity of 30,000 inhabitants. Magnire's Candurango, liver, kidney and blood bitters, Is a rvetabli substitute for esmel lr merear.y, and ba bsen very escceafuly uset bty mm of thelba dliag reseet o soar city. Meam. ss-.a & Woedward emr, ot Casal asd Magsasi steets, are agents for Magulres faminly medletec. Levy Bros, 560 Magazino street, inltead to tastist tshe nslde with tbs dres goods they~e of ASdu~as t hl.. w~al s.5 alb emO Srlei ]rames, os. LAvrxo T=3 CoWaRS 5sTO . (Coadesaed fem the a Maco oraing SBar.l Sunday, May 3d, 1874, will long be remeoa bered as marking a new era in the history of our beloved old commonwealth and as com memorating one of the grandest and noblest events that has ever transpired within the limits of Georgia's farJamed central city. Proudly have our people, from the seaboard to the mountains, illustrated their State and cov ered themselves all over with glory in days agone upon the battlefields of the nation, but the culmination of their grandest achieve ments has been reserved for the time when sweet peace reigned supreme in the land. With a fortitude unparalelled in the annals of any other race or country we have withstood the shook of war and emerge triumphant from the desolation and blighting influences which fol, low in its track. Religion. Eduoation, Science, Art and Commerce, instead of dwindling into insiguificanee, have been fostered and eneour sged Into a growth of colossal proportions to which we can proudly point and of which we can boastingly proclaim. All nationalities and all sects have combined to aid in building up our waste-places and of elevating the tone and chbaracter of the people. Education is struggling to gain an ascendancy and hand in hand with religion, she is de stroying the bulwarks of ignoranee and roaring in their oted monuments of learning on every hill-top and in every valley throughbout our State and section. In the propagation of the good work, the sons and daughters of Georgia, as if with one accord, responded to a oall made upon them, and with the first blush of last Sabbath morning multitudes of people desirous of paying tribute, by their presence, to the cause of education, cams teeming from every direction and in every conceivable way into our city. Every city, town and hamlet had its fair and gallant representatives, and as early as five o'clock our streets were dotted here and there with the many.colored regalias and flashing uniforms of visiting assoclations and military men. Men, women and children gaily attired in the habillments of spring were seen wending their way to the general passenger depot to meet the happy throng of guests as they ar rived by the various trains from Augusta, Sa vannah, Atlauta, Columbus, Milledgeville, and other points along the line of railroads leading to this city. The refreshment saloons in the depot building were eagerly sought for, and following the crowds that made their way through the portals leading to them, we were pleased to find that nothing was left undone which would in any way serve to gratify the appetites or tastes of our stranger friends. At 10 o'clock the church bells announced the hour for religious service, when the Irish Vol unteers again assembled at the armory, and forming a line proceeded, with their band in advance to St. Joseph's Catholic Church to take part in the celebration'' of a grand mili tary High Mass. The crowd in attendance at the church on the occasion was simply immense, and was composed of persons attached to all the diff erent denominations of the day. At the Mass, Right Rev. Bishop Gross assist ed in Cope and Mitre. The celebrant was Rev. L. Basin, assisted by Rev. Wm. Pende gast of Savannah as Deacon, and Rev. P. LaRocque, of Key West, as sub-deacon. Rev. Wm. Hamilton, of Augusta, acted as Master of Ceremonies. The assistant priests at the Bishop's throne were the Rev. C. P. Gaboury, President of Pin Noneo College, and Rev. J. L. Finucane of the same institution. In addition to these clergymen already mentioned, there were present Rev. Messrs. Cheletti of Atlanta, Mattingly of Dalton, Butler of Augusta and others whose names we failed to obtain. The musicians, supplied from different churches throughout the State formed a choir which cannot be excelled in point of ability, and the excellence of the music which was rendered. Sister Peter, from the convent at Augusta, seemed the very soul of song, her solos throughout the mass being sublimely beautiful and inspiring. He rendition of the Gloria is Erceleis will long reverberate through the halls of St. Joseph's and be remembered when per chance she may have passed away to join the angel choir in that land beyond the skies. The services of the church being brought to a termination, the large crowd in attendance sought their homes, temporary and permanent, and whiled away the time until two o'clock; when the procession was formed on Fourth street in accordance with previous announce ment. The procession numbered twenty-seven diff erent orders and organizations, and was with out doubt the largest and most imposing body that was ever seen in the city, if not the State. Our well known fellow-townsman, Col. James T. Wilkinson, acted as Marshal of the day, and was ably assisted by Messrs. John Griffin, Dennis Sheahan, S. M. Nealon, John T. Ronan of Savannah, and Mr. Mulheren of Augusta, all of whom were mounsed on richly caparisoned chargers. Arriving at the junc tion of College street and Georgia Avenue, the young ladies and children of the different societies left the procession and proceeded to the depot near St. Paul's Episeopal Church, where a train of cars was in waiting to convey them to the College grounds. Just at this time the clouds, which had for a length of time gathered over head, gave un mistakable signs of the heavy fall of rain which subsequently followed. Nothing daunted by the unwelcome shower, the procession contioned its onward march, and reached its destination as thoroughly drenched as it was possible to conceive. The thousands who had by this time assem bled in front of the stand proposed to be occu pied by the Bishop, Clergy, Mayor and Coun cil, were seeking shelter from the ankry ele ments, and by the time the distinguished pre late in full canonicals appeared, there were but a few hundred who, in defiance of the etorm, had remained to witness the laying of the corner-stone of Pio None College. The corner-stone was then blessed by sprink ling holy water, when three signs of the cross are made with a trowel, after which is recited an Oremus, followed by a Litany of the Saints and the 1J6ich 'Psalm. This stone was placed in position, and the Bishop blessed a portion of salt and then bless ed a portion of water in which the salt was placed. A large silver cross was then erected upon .he corner-stone, which was sprinkled with the water Just blessed. The 83d Psalm was then sung, after which prayers were re peated, and a tablet with the following en graved upon it was deposited in the receptacle of the stone: "We place this corner-stone or' this wall in the faith of Jesus Christ, in the name of the Father, the 8on, and the Holy Ghost, in order that here may flourish the true faith and the fear of God and brotherly love, and mapthie place be a house of prayer for invoking the Name of the L,rd Jesuans Ctriet. who liveth with the Father and the don, and reigneth God forever and ever, Amen." On a metalic box contaiolog the artiles de posited in the nichbe of the corner-stone an In scription in Latio was engraved, which we translate: "On e the ird day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred sad seventy-four, Pins the Ninth, Supreme Ponti Right Rev. William R. Grons, Bisiop of 8S vanab; Rev. Charles P. Gabocry, Pd Ldent of Pio Nono College; Ulysses 8. Gtrat, happily rnlgll the United tates for the second term James M.Smithb Governor of the Stags o& Georgia; W. A. Haff Mayor of the dsitof Ma eon i S.la-ccsr-ou of the leo None Gelles wi 1 t. mmmoahbsl~aess/ibeeL!5i g Of the R i' PtihT& U_5@P . k tho whole nidaoa.. ýi . 9e05 o tbdsrat daring theesemoaimn praym w . While the 11st Psalm is being eeted, hi Blabo. returns to the stone when "Come Hol Spirit1 is sang. After which e o edletion erd, and the cere monies cocmloded. Previous to proceeding with the ceremonial, the Bishop came forward cn the platform and in the falling rails excused himself from -ad dressing the sesemblage as be had intended. He thanked every one for their attendance and their generosity in donating so liberally to the construction of the college. To the Mayor and Council of Macon and to the whole people of Georria did he return thanks for the aid so freely given, and which promised to be fruit ful of reat good in the edneation of the chil dren of the South. After the Bishop had concluded his remarks, the vast concourse dispersed for their homes, and thus terminated a bright, anuspicious day for the future of our city. Dr. ILvingstans's Letters. WHAT HI SAYS ABOUT "PLATING MISSION ARms." Among the papers of the late Dr. Liv ingstone rescued from the wilds of Africa, where he died, is a very interesting letter which is found, dated Unyanyembe; South ern Afries, April 16, 1872, and addressed to James Gordon Bennett, of the New York Herald. The horror of the slave trade in Central Afries is the subject of this letter, as it is the theme which mostly occupies his thoughts. The style of the letter is fresh and simple, and his apt reference to men and things and events in England and America serves to show bow he continued to think of home and progress at home, though he felt compelled to serve humani ty in a far distant land. Dr. Livingstone though weak in body, as he evidently must have been, was chirruppy in mind when he penned this letter. In one part of his letter he administers a severe reproof to the English missionary clergy who settled down at Zanzibar instead of pursuing their work where it could best be pursued. On this subject be says : "It is a sad pity that our good Bishop of Central Africa, albeit ordained in West minister Abbey, preferred the advice of a colonel in the army to remain at Zanzibar, rather than proceed in his diocese and take advantage of the friendliness of the still unspoiled interior tribes to spread our faith. Tihe Catholic missionaries lately sent from England to Maryland to convert the negroes might have obtained the ad vice of half a dozen of army colonels to remain at New York, or even at London. But the answer if they have any Irish blood in them, might have been, "Take yourselves and advice off to- the battle of Dorking; we will fight our own fight." The venerable archbishop of Baltimore told these brethren that they would get "chills and fever," but he did not- add, when you do get the shivers, then take to your heels, my hearties. When any of the missionaries at Zanzibar get "chills and fever" they have a nice pleasure trip in a man-of-war to the Teychelles island. The good men deserve it, of course, and no one would grudge to save their precious lives. But human nature is frail. Zanzibar is much more unhealthy than the mainland, and the government, by placing men-of war at the disposal of these brethren, though meaning to help them in their work, virtually aids them to keep out of it. Some eight years have rolled on, and good Christian people have contributed their money annually for Central Africa, and the Central African diocese is occupied by the lord of all evil. It is with a sore heart I say it, bhut receLt events have shown that those who have so long been playing at being missionaries and peeping acrost from the sickly island to their dio cese on the mainland with telescopes might have been turned to far better account." Mr. John Livingstone, of Listowell, OLt., has received two letters from his brother, the late Dr. Livingstone, one of which is dated Manneura, or Canibal Country, April and November, 1870, and the other Dake Bangaelo, December, 1872. The doctor mhentions the meeting with Mr. Stanley, whom he styles his Good Samari tan, and whose conduct while there was beyond all praise. The doctor finished his last letter by saying : "If the good Lord above gives me strength and influence to complete the task I shall not grudge my hunger and toil. Above all, if He permits me to put a stop to the enormous evils of this inland slave trade I shall bless His name with all my heart. The Nile sources are valuable to me only as a means of en abling me to open my mouth among men. It is this power I hope to apply to remedy an enormous evil and join my little help ing hand in the great revolution that in His all*embracing providence He has been carrying on for ages, and is now actually helping forward." - Ma. Jos. SCHWARTZ, IMPORTRz AND DEALER is CASaKA OS, WAG.oEN. Tc.-Mr. Schwartz is per. sonally so well and favorably known, hi salesrooms and factory, respectively situated at Nos. 74 Ca ropdelet and 6 Carroll streets, are so prominent, and above all, so many splendid specimens of his work are to be seen on our streets and through the country, that every one desiring to get anything in the way of a carriage, wagon or cart, naturally goes to him. Among the numerous magnificent equipages manufactured to order by him, and neused by wellknown eitizens, we would mention the fine photographic car riage used by Mr. Lilienthal. which attrsoto universal admiration when i t appears onthe streets. Mr. Schwarta is one of our oldest and besot citizens, and all who deal with him have assurance of the fairest and most liberal dealings. In his new store, No. 170 Canal street, op posite the Varieties Theatre, Mr. J. J. Martil, pro pmlrer of the Great China and Japan Te Warehouse, is better prepared thas ever beforo to furnish his ens tome,. with good ea. He haa the very best tesia thisk market, sad sells them at very emall advamee oa coat, bellerving in the motto, * Quick sals sad eran proits-" He delivers al gods free of charge, ad garatoe satifac(ton s all eastemeors. Our readers in the conestry ca pmear good tea by esprese by seeding their orders to Mr. Martin. CnEAP Dar Goons-.Families wishing to sop. ply themselves with dy good st low prioe will dowel1 to eall nu Mr. Wm. M. PtereMo. 4 MagasaYl street, where they wll ind s~ a rira e masortment of dress geses, Ise goods, Panh esrate, doeeties, hosiery. tes, anl fresh geeds am of desirable patterns. Our readers should all eanly ml seenure a share of the real grlpgis that Mr. mPete offeig. PL000 worth t hao shawls, eacques, ete., eirtypaeted, sosise em the ,,, at Bhelman f's"- the ow r.'~ oky," of that. a of it history and ob .towi bet .4kunow that its masws$ ,sins tslaktil:l4WA very reputable course L mo ey fotr it. A publio Itbrary fails ithe reat end of making mankind wlser sa betber if t panders to the vice of gambling. The conductors of the "Public Library of Kentncky" are guilty of this wrong on a gigantic scale. They have worked off four "schemes" in aid of tbett institution receiving for the sale of tickl t millions of dollars, and now announce R fLLh, which may, for aught we know, be l.lowed by a sixth a seventh and .e oan: W .lithe lot tory nsiness pays the pimb id well as it does in this instance - r~he be very deflcent in ingenuity if tie7 4 not dis. cover reasons or excuses .f .mother-aud still another-" .positively the last gift coneert." The crop .o foo,.al/ways large, is uneommonly fourishing bis year. Stock. gambling is a very weak-minded pursuit; psyera at faro are not overburdeaed with bran-; bat' the simpletons whb throw away their good money in these games are prollgies of Intellet compred with the people who invest ia= lotteries of the "Public Library of Kentusky." In =tock=gambllng the ebances of profit or loss may be said to be even, except that. the commiasions, interest, and other ex. penses of doing the business, steadily run against the gambler, and are morally sure to rain him at last. At faro, if the game is honesty conducted, the chances in favor of the banks, arising out of '" splits," are said not to exceed ten per cent; but this is enough, if the game is lively, to enable the banker to vent an elegantly furnished house and supply his customers with the choicest of game suppers and liquors free of cost, and become rich besides. It is a matter of mathematical demonstration that a man playing against a faro bank, whatever his capital and whatever his luck at times, is certain to be cleaned out of his last dollar if he goes often enough to the green cloth. And this, too, on the assumption that the banker plays a square game. ýow let us see the inducements of the PiIio Library. lottery of Kentucky. For .t last (the fourth) drawing there weri sold 45,000 tickets at $50 each, making the total of money received $2,250,000. The plizes distributed amonat-to only $1,125,000, or half the money taken in, a proportion alto gether soo small far a lottery which puts on the pretensions of fairness and liberality affected by this one. The total of prizes awarded should be at least three-fourths of the gross receipts, and then would leave a handsome balance for the Institution to be beneltted. The .number of prices an nounced to be distributed is 12,000, but 11,000 are for only $37 ho0 each, and the other thousand represent various sums up to the capital prise of $287,500. The chance of drawing any prize in the lottery was one to four, and the probabilities were very great that the prise drawn would be actually less than the sum put in ! In other words, a man invests $50 in order that he may have, practically, one chance out of four to draw $37 50. His chances of draw-; ing one of the considerable prizes are, on the whole, less than the chanoes of his being struck by lightning. Not ene of the people who bought a whole or fractional ticket in the Kentucky lottery dreams of the possibility of being killed by a thun derbolt ; bat all of them were silly enough to count on the strong likelihood of draw ing the capital prize. Of such poor stuff are gamblers made! These lotteries are especially detestable when they fleece the public under the guise of doing a benevo leat work. Men and women who might object to the Havana lottery, pure and simple, allow themselves to be fooled into subecriling for a "gift concert," which is but the sneaking name for the worst l~ind of lottery, when it is proposed to devote any part of the pro ceeds to an dbject nominally public-spirited or charitable. The Kentucky sehemesattack generous-minded but thoughtless persons en their weak side, and are far more dan gerous to public more than the unadulter ated gambling concerns, which" do not affect to appeal to anything but the most sordid avarice. We have little- pity for the fools who part with their money in gambling ventures; and it is only waste of words, ordinarily, to try to save them from their folly; but we take the pains to point out the delusions of the Kentucky lotteries for the benefit of those who may bedeceived into the belief that these schemes diffr in anything from vulgar gambling. They do not, except that the probabilities of getting one's money back are much less than in most schemes of chance. The law should be enforced against the selling or advertis ing of these lotteries in New-York.--Jour mal of Commerce. Pnooanus. - Amidst the general dullness which envelepe our city, it is easanant to ee a sign, here and there, of progress. The building of a single edifice, the establishment of a new factory orsrm, ant the enlargement of any bastaess, shows that there are still some live men among us. Thus the phIlanthropl end public spirit of some of ear leading Hibernlans is shown by the building of St. Patrick'sa Hnl. which wil soon be one of the chief ornaments of Camp street. Is business circles we notice some stir also oand amonl the few whose motto Is to work faIthfully and push ahead. we ere pleased to notice our old friend Joks Bol, E1sq., whose card will be found on tShe sfth 1es of this paper. While others complain of as buinas Mr. Bols has been foroed 49 swek more ream forbs growlng trade, and has seeored the buldilg 154 C0st street, next to St. Patrick'e Church. He retais his de stand alse, at WI Camp street, where hats prepared bayrr,sell, repai stre, pob and eblp fbmltrsm, giviln fuIll guarantee. st short notlee and low rates. Shoes! 8hoes~l Shots! for ladies, gentlenmea sad ohildre, of all styles and qnesltte, at very 'J prites, at George John Wagner's, emrer of UIrsll sa Danphie streets. Loew rot sad quick sles a' able him to undersell eet etlher merchaents Ladies, attentionl Braselmnan Adams' advertlemene-t tsday Is srp·eeall impartna. ' DVeBRTISIWG RATES OF TES " STAB." I;r. ............. ... 1! !! a T rear ............ ..... . > r Iua nve ............. ....· 11 r N 110r WE.h Pitt :.... .»...... ,. u j4f I L wee ea7. Neu 1w