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NNW OLZLA r, ePrnATr, arss s ea. vr - 70grat on0rrseusee Wses Taw b I THeS VATICAN. Rous, May 8 -Unfavorable reports tlme toebhing the health of his Holiness were br latel set about There was no fouedatlo am for tbem, sadit is difedulte to acount for them save by the supposition that false fru mos were delibertely circulated by the f(Sr bdll .dlPosed pereons who desire a ebhange et , is l e Pontidoate for their o)n purposee. fcati The Pope's state of health is better now agari sad for some time back than it was two Guar years ago. .His carriage, his step. his artie' strength of voice, bhis endurase of the Pond AtignS of audiences, all show that no per- battle septible diminution of vigor can be traced the I this spring in Pins IX. His medical at want tendants pay him bi-weekly visits, as is ante their duty, but their visits arq merely per- prt funptory. For a few days the sky has stric bees eloudy, and the atmosphere dull and law. heavy, so that a walk in the Vatcao gar- he a dens at half-past 12 or I P. x. is not so mero agreeable as a promenade through the gal- whie! laries or corridors, and consequently Pine its p IX. has preferred the latter to the former. trout On Ascension, Day the Pope limited his carr afternoon walk with his guests to the Vati loogia of the Sala Matilda. He sueered as an perhaps a little from his exertion the day scien before in addressing the French pilgrims. basal Tot ean that day (Thursday. 6th of Mtay) he ,eesived several batches of visitors, and on T the day following (Friday) he received over whic two hundred visitors, to every one of whom proof be spokea few words, made a short speech exist fn French to them altogether, and then issue took his usual walk down the noble stair- orgu ease to the library, where he remained ever oeversing cheerfuly with the members of 0o3 his Court for half aa hbor. He then re- but turned to bit own apartments, and in Chau going and coming declining the assistance Croe of blhservante sad displaying a briskness give) in seending and descending the broad of th stairs, which astonished some of. the ern younger men whowere present. OnMonday, eont May 3rd, the children of a charitable in- Sooh stitotion were admitted, and the Pope Moini stood for some twenty minutes, patiently the standing while two very young children, a man; boy an a girl, delivered orati which were brought smiles to to the fae of hisbl lnese. arm The ith of May was the Feast of S. Pirs V., and on that day a number of French pilgrim thronged the balls of the Vatican. name There were nearly eight hundred alto thos gether. Some of them were men tfamous lief eor their literary merits and services to the litiem Charch. Some of them bore names dis- the e tiagaished in history. They had previously ment visited the Basilicas, and on the 8th had and Svisited that of St. Peter's,.whence they as- well sended to the audience. The Holy Father Igln eatered the hall of audience after twelve the o'clock, accompanied by ten Cardinals, thirt many Archbishops-and Prelates, and by his their chamberlains on duty. The Vicomte de be Damas read the address of the deputation, then and many of the listeners were deeply The moved when the Vicomte spoke of the of I wrongs inflited on the Holy Father the through the fault of Frenchmen, and the whie eoasequent necessity that France should won repair the evils she had done. More guilty and than other nations, her reparation should soft be the nobler. The fact,yhat Pins IX. had him sot despaired of Fra·ce was an eneourage- Vig ment ; and France, In return, would never tion despair of the cause of the Holy See. to TUa iOL.r PrAsTa's E nLr. nd " Why should I not countapou Franee when pov I base so maoy proofs of the devotion of and Frenchmen to the Holy See, not merely in Dec deputations like the present, bhut in various ether waalt I know," he proceeded, "and all men know that the times are dioicult, and that lib all the sentiments whether of respect or of in 1 1bame, which proeed from your hearts, cannot this be openly manifested. The enemies whbich Ad erround and menace as are many. We mest ing employ prudence, which is a cardinal virtue, yet it will cease to be a virtue when It in- a triages on the rights of truth and Justice. You have mentioned St. Plus V. Let as throw bleck our thoughts to his time, two centuries ago. Then it was the custom before entering he field of battle to try the lot of war against Ar the pride of the infidel, to make processions of of penitents to offer public prayers to implore the aid of God; and these religions aeo' preceded ter the battles, victories, and triumphs. Nor did chr the prayers of that Pontiff cease with his vic. tories, but he continuedt his supplications that 9 God would renuer the fruits of sictory of last- W ing benefit to His Church. Just before his death he went to visit devotionally, the seven chabrches, uecompanolied by one of hie most amous generals, MSark Autony Colonuna. Al though tainting from t'fatignp the Holy 'untt' l persevered in tfibshing has pilgrimage, and re- He turned to the Vatican to receive in to long in terval the crown of eternal gl,ry from bi- Ce lather in Hevren. Do you, beloved, remember du the example of St. Pius V. when you visit wi these basilicas and when you perform your pilgrimages? Would that I myself could ac- an oemipany you. But if the frightful spectre of b( lhe revolution prevents my going with you in co person, my heart will be with you, and my at prayers will mingle with yours at the foot of La he altar, while you cry : 'That Thou mayest lil deign to repress the assaults of Turks and at Heretics, we b.eech Thee to hear us, O Lord.' fu Even now in Coustantinople and elsewhere the T eburchrs are taken by assault and violence nid given over to schismatics. The Mussul- " man, no longer impeded by any Christian di Kingdom, shows his true nature of hostility to It the faith. lint thanks to God the Catholic,, pa both laymen and clergy, stand firm in the si trth ; alnd scism nnmake no progreas. If I, b' lke Plus V., were to make known my desires! I to those who oocupy the seats of power, nmy voice, I am sorry to confess it, would have no trho. Uucertaiuty, fear, and frequently E malice, obscure the minds of those to whom I ci allude. Let then, mny children, our prayers be re our aruarmaenuts. These prayers let us marshal w m order, as ilid Jacob when he went to meet tl loffended brother Esau. First the servants, ti Sthe rest of the numerous family, and last .f all Rachel, the fair Rachel, well suited by .er goodness and sweetness to allay the re seuntment of Esau, unjustly irritated. And in ike manner let os array in our 'favor the SPaints of IlHeaven, the Angels of God, and, fa tially, the Queen of Angels and of Saintsa, the o Mother of God, in order to best down and destroy the enemies of liHer Son sad of His Church. Let us apply, lastly, the wnede put irto our mouthe by the Church on thli day, &amely, that by the merits of it. Pins V.. Mleium suptratcls ,nsidiie perpetru pace Iltesiur.' "The Ben1tction then iollrowed. TiE t'AttRLIAMENtT. aIn the Chamber of Deputies the speeches of the various advocates or opponeuts of I the anti-Catholic measures which are sought to beintrodnced into the Jtalian Code, in order to please lismarck arnd Prussia, have caused great excitement. The boxes set apart for strangers are crowded during these debates. Signor Mancini's meech ,was the most important delivered am the side of the Opposition, or Left. He mid the country demanded a frank and seri s. yet te perate, diseasi of . etia aL ir-n relations with Se States; that the aol Governmeet seemed to have two pro- of grammes, one open sad pablie whAebh eao - al of1 weeds, re1lrs, 4ae selaraloeas his the other seeret, whiheb was smade po sts, plvtso Iarldgss with the Yaies, whihb e were deogerwes to the lawse sad stita- I east of the State, bat foolishly lantelad to bring about a eaoelliatia i order to pa smoeth the progress of the cation towards al prosperity and greadeor. The former Mina- an etry might be excused for their mistakes, tt ear b foreign powers, and apologies for d sets whieh were neeeseary to efdbet t salni Scation of Italy. That Government foght evi against a stroag party when the Law of rel Guarantees was discosed. The Ministry, as article by article, combated to mantlain the (G Pontiieatl privileges, while the Oppeaition of, battled for the righta sad peerogatives of ex the State. Signor Mancini does aot now of want to alt6r the text of the Law of Guar aateen. But be blames the policy of the to precont Ministers, who do not irsist on the an strict efaforcemebt of the provisions of that p, law. Our political sna national edifiee is, Ar be said, every day undermined by the on of merous pro-consils of the Pontifical Court. on wbieh believes and expects a restoration of col its powpr. Numerous circulars of Jesuits an trouble the consoiences of Catholics and thu carry disunion into domestic circles. The thi Vatican trperds the Kingdom of Italy only ch ,s an intruding power, which it is the con- a scientious duty of Catholics to expel at all i, hazards. The elergy are forbidden to it recognise the on·stitution of the State. ful The journals publish every day Allocations which are virtually libels against the _e present order of things. In the Vatican fai exists an army which may at any moment in inse forth lnto the plasza folly armed and ar organised. Individuals are to be seen th every day vaunting in public titles of Bit a.cet which have been five years illegal, m but which the Vatican maintains. The to Church patronage formerly in gift of the Th Crown is surrendered. The azrgsatsr is the given to those who rqpaniate the authority t of the Kingdom. The attitude of the Gov- lib ernment is cowardly, and disgraceful, and of contemptible in the eyes of foreigners. k Suoh were the assertions of ManainL The Minister Vigllani, in his reply, defended ev the policy of the Cabinet, and said that co many of the charges brought by Maneini m were abasurd and untrue. The Vatlena do army and its officers did not exist even on w paper, for the Vatican Asasnrie, or calen- an oBade eased4 to publish the title. and de names of any "at eclesiastele officials, Bi ths showing that he Vatican had no be- o lief in the afeLted maltennace of the po- 1 litical, civil, aed mllit departments of j the extinct temporal po Ger.. Th Govern- le ment had no intrigues wits the Papacy, au and the Law of Guarantlis had worked well and had proved that the Pope and the h King could co exist in 'Rome. Since 1871 in the prosecutions against Bishops were is thirty-four, and against priests for abusing o their ministerial office 120. If other laws be be required to check clerical abesee let them be inserted in the new penal code. gi' The policy of the Government was not one on of immedlab conciliation, which was for to the present impossible, bpt it was a policy t which produced order and quietude, and would eventually produce more important b and beneficial results when time had tb softehed animosities. Mancini declared himself dissatisled with the explanations of kt Viglinal, and moved the following resoln tion : "The Chamber Invites the Ministry gi to guard' inviolably the national dignity and existing laws; to protect the rights of the State and the prerogatives of the civil power asserted by the law of May 13, 1871 ; and to propose, as soon as possible, the 1 necessary measures for administering ec clesiastical property on the basis of the liberty of the lower clergy and of the laity S In matters ecclesIastical." The debate on this motion, which is one of want of con Adence in the Government, is still proceed ing. Pestoral Letter of the Cardinal-Arehbishop and isheps of ths Provisoe of Westminster. The follownlog pastoral of the Cardinal Archbishop and Bishops of the Province of Westminster, together with the two let ters referred to in it, was read in all the churches of the Province on Sunday, May 9th: We, the Cardinal-Archbishop and the Bishops of the Province of Westminster, to our dearly beloved Brethren the .Clergy, Secular and Regular, and the Faithful under our jurisdictiou. SHealth and Benediction in the Lord : Reverend and Dear Brethren. and Dear Children in Jesus Christ,-We cannot I r doubt that you have all united in prayer 1 with and for our Catholic brethren, pasture i and people, who are suffering persecution, f both in Germhny and in Switzerland, for in conscience sake. Most of you have watched, y and followed step by step, the oppressive of laws which have been passed against the 5t libertiesof the Church in those countries, id and the violent acts under which the faith ful have suffered with an heroic constancy. n Two Archbishops and five Bishops have .- been already fined and imprisoned. About ,n sixteen hundred priests have in like man to ner been taken from their flocks and de 9, prived of liberty. These deeds of oppres e sion are happening week by week and day Sby day. They are inflicted for acts purely espiritual in thecareof soule. These things Shave b.come, now at last, widely known in SEngland; and the public opinion of this Scountry, which, from its instinctive reve e rence for law, at first Iaclined against those a who seemed to be disobedient, when once t the truth of thefocts and the injustice of t, the accusations became known, has steadily pronounced itself against these violations of liberty in faith and conscience. o Fully and clearly ypu have seen and he known these things: but there are other d, facts which perhaps are not ye either fully e or clearly hnderseod. n The eeatest in Gerhany, which began in Il wanton sad groundless imputations of dies ot loyalty agalinst the Catholics of the Empire r has now been transferred to another field. SIt was said in the beginning of this conflict that the dogma of the lufallibility of the Roman Pontiff, and the Decrees of the Vatican council, had no part in the motives ies Or in the legislation of the Prussian Govern of ment. This position has at last been re abandoned. We are now told that an the civol powers of the world can hold id no relations with a Pope who is infallible. 'ie No account is, however, given of the fact ed that the civil powers have hitherto been Di's in concord and amity for a thousand years red with an infallible Church. We are told He also by the publication of a Circular Note od addressed to the Governments of Europe, of ar of tun c Pth I a r y now redeesd a servileo de e on his persneal will a sad that wl such an Bpiaseot.--loeas only a ame--no N Gviramesat em tremt. By these maiseperneset& e, which yeu BeI do aot nued shat we sbould refute, the Im perale Chancellor beu endeavored to excite alarms and suspicios., and to piot the he I animoaity of Goveromeats against liber- non ty of the nest Coneave, whieb may God long sees We enter into no refltation of these self evident misinterpretations of the Catholic who religion : nt only belas you do not need in t any refutation, but beeRnu the Bishops of lish Germany, assembled as Fldsa the month the of Jamury it this year, have so completely spe exposed and destro$ed them that no -word wta of our can be needed. whi The collective answer addressedby them thea to the Imperial Chancellor is o oooclusive afra and so unaeswerable, that his Holiness Ing Pans IX. has been pleased to address to the mel Archbishop of Cologne, and so the Bishops seci of Germany, a letter in whibh their lumin sio oune teaching and their noble protest are mm commended ansod confirmed by his supreme for authority. The value and importance of per these two documents is therefore so great, loo, that the Bishops of other countries are at the this time uniting together to declare their A. 3 adhesion to the doctrines herelo contained. at a We cannot delay to do the same, by direct- alli inog these two letters to be read to the faith- in foul of our dioceses. This recent attempt'to transfer the per- 1 secutions of Germany to the domain of ecd faith, and to aesail the liberty of the Church pro in its Head and centre, equally affects kc every Catholic Bishop and fiook tlroughou the the world. But in some o-buntes the the Bishops may be less free to speak than we 4ial are. We hold it, therefore, to be our duty We to speak in their behalf aqd in our own. not The liberty of the Head of the Church is on the liberty of the Church itself. The liber roy ty of the election of its Head is vital to its ant liberty in every place, and in every function Pri of its spiritual authority. Against this at- dies tempt to coerce the freedom of the Holy gre See, and to enslave the Church of God, test every Catholie in the world is bound in wic conscience to pYptest before the just judg- auc ment of every Christian people. It is our ens duty to bear our part in denouncing this the wanton and insidious attack upon ourfaith; Hai and obey by adhering, with this public .. w declaration. to the noble resisatence of the s. Bishops of Germany, to show that where Ta one member suffers all members anffer with Ct. We trust that in every country where vol liberty of consoience anod of speech is yet left to men, there may be a prompt and wb authoritative republication of the wise and fearless words of the Bishops of Germany, that they may be thereby assured that, if in this conflict, the glory of the vanguard me is givdn to them, the whole Catholic Epis- * copate, priesthood, and people, are united roe behind them for their support. bol For these reason , therefore, we have wh given order, Rev. and dear Brethren, that At copies of the Letter of the German Bishops to the Imperial Chancellor, and of the Let- ale ter of his Holiness Pins IX. to the Gerntan u Bishops, shall be placed in your hands, ed that after publishing this, our address to h, the faithful, you may read them also to your people, so that all may have a flol Ke knowledge of their contqnts. It i May He by whom Kinga reign and Law- tbt givers decree justice (Prov. viii. 15), turn Ca the hearts of all who bear authority to the protection of faith and of conscience; and may the peace of God be with you. hia Given at Westminster, in Low Week, W 1875, and ordered to-be read, together with the two following Letters, in all Cunrches e and Chapels of our Dioceses, on the first ri Sunday after its receipt by the Clergy. it f HEaxr EDWARD, Cardinal-Archbishop re of Westminster. t THOMAS JosEPi, O.S.B., Bishop of New tt port and Minevia. fi f WILLIAM BERNARD, 0.8 B., Bishop of fo Birmingham. t JAMrs, Bishop of Shrewsbury. th f WILLIAM. Bishop of Plymouth. lit t WILLIAM, Bishop of Clifton. t FRANCIS, Bishop of Northampton. a t ROBERT, Bishop of Beverly. bi t JAMES, Bishop of Hexham d Newcastle. t JAMES, Bishop of Southwark. t HERBERT, Bishop of Salford. t t BERNARD, Bashpp of Liverpool. t EDWARD, Bishop of Nottingham. t The Paris Correspondent of the Baltimore e Mirror writes : The greatest event of the age is the ir - resistable movement of all Christian people n t to honor the Sacred Heart. You are doubt r less already in possession of the decree o a for consecration, and are aware of the sig- c , nificance of the day on which it takes place li ,r as the anniversary of the electidn of Pope t , Pius IX. It will be the point of departure I e for a new transformation, it will strike te down violence with the arms of celestial e, mercy, and France which took the initia I- tive of this consecration. France which e . sgave birth to that great Saint, Margaret c re Mary Alacoque, will not fall under the at German domination, which desires to van i quash us, to abolish our faith and make us a . proceed, following the wretched example c . which M. de Bismreck gives to the entire , world. ly You are aware, perhap, that it was the e a Msleimonries of the Sacred Heart of Isson n duo who brought to Rome, a short time ,, since, thirty two voinamesrichly bound con . taining one lhundred and sixty-two ad sa dresses from Bishops and three millions of ce signature asking thle Pope to consecrate of the Church to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. ly Other addresses and signatures have been us added to affirm this irresistible movement I of piety towards the Sacred Heart. The od Church, indeed springing from the Sacred r Hleart, had been consecrated to It thoolog ly ically, being the work of is love, the spouse of Christ. But we French people, in moved always more by holy enthusiasm a. than theological reasohing, desired that the ire Pope should consecrate the Church to the I Id. Sacred Heart. The Pope victoriously act overcame the difficulty by inviting all the he faithful of the world to consecrate them he selves solemnly to this Beloved Heart. res This is leaving with us the whole merit of rn- the project, it is to pnake us the ministers enof its execution. ld A transaction occurred Io San Francisco le. a few days since which throws some light act upon the administration of the navy. The :en United States steam frigate California, a ars vessel registered at 2,490 tons, and sent to old sea four years sago for the first time, at a ote cost of $1,500,000, was sold at auction for pec, * ,3,0(0. IA asZZaw ors wa rsrse or Maeur. m enoucal. Th ths ( r. T. Tablt] ,. Napoleoa was asked by O'Uea, at Os Helena, whether, when the Prusians a - peered on the feld of Waterloo, he did not rai believe them to be Grouchy's corps, auo the he answered "certainly I did. I cannot even lisl now conceive why it was not. I have not col seen Grouchy since, and I cannot under- ph stand it." With a eriosity to learn what 'E was denied to the Emperor, we bhare read for what Grouchy's excuses were, as set forth bu in these interesting volumes, recently pub lihed in Paris. They do not exculpate po the Marshal, and his auguments are-more ba specious than sound. Throughout the so whole narrative the fact is too plain, that no while the army was devoted and full of en- in thualiasm, most of the chief offiers were Pr afraid to compromise themselves by bshw- tbi ing too much energy, and were casting thi many a backward look on Paris to keep or ao secure favor with the Bourbon government aig should the campaign be unfortunate. There tw most have been treachery, too, in the staff, in for two important despatehes from the Em- an peror to Grouchy from the field of Water- on loo, one dated ten o'clock of the night of he the 17th and a duplicate of it at two o'clock mt A. x. of the 18th, were not delivered to him "' at all. General Bourmont deserted to the cs allies on the night of the 16th, and a feel- as ing of distrust and of being betrayed per- wI vaded thearmy. Pr The memoirs are replete with many an- a ecdotes, personal and political. Some wi prove the wonderful bagacity of mind ahid o knowledege of human nature which marked as the genius of Napoleon, and others stri a the tinsel from the characters whom par- mi -ial history has clothed with false lustre. of Wellington was a narrowminded Tory, and (} not at all scroplonus in lavishing adulation to on any imbecile, provided only be was of wi royal or princely rank. In his despatch de announcing the victory of Waterloo to the Gi Prince Regent, he thorsts to the foremost 'e distinction the invaluable services and W great assitanee he derived during the con- ga test from "His Grace the Duke of Brunas ( wick." Byron, too, misled by the assur- GI ance in this oficial state-paper, and never -v suspecting its entire untruth, perpetuates tb the error in the beautiful lines of "Childe gp Harold" : t .' Within a wiadowed icbs of tba-; highiaat si gat Branswiok ' fated chieftain. He i ber e pc Tb. asoad tbh firt aitd the fentvl;i Be reulis inle the fold. asd, foremoast1Atl5 fol ^" 01 This is very beautiful, but on page 10 1, volume iv., are the facts from as eye-wit- in nese and an ator, recorded at, the time, or which we translate as curious th "We had before us the troop- of Bres- g wick and Nassau. Marshbal Ney, whe Gem manded us, ordered an attack on- the im portant position of Quatre Bras, defeeded re on our right by some English and Seotch regiments and on oar left by German troops, t holding the wood of Bossue, on the top of G which they had thrown up entrenebmeats. v. At the moment when the division-Jerome t, was advancing to the attack an eofficer ef p elevated rank, wearing a gren-uniform, it covered with medals and decorations, wish ed to harangue our man. Standing up, his ohapean in hand, be cried out, invFrench : 'My friends, .no fighting (par de-gtrerte). Keep the peace; we are coming to bring it to you, like brothers.' It seems to me that he had not finished his sentence, when b Captain de Brea (be who was so fatally , assassinated it June, 1848, at the Barriers of d'Italie), coming up at double-quiek with- i. his company of carbineers, to scale the y works from the top of which the orator ,orated' (perorail).gave the word 'le'& The unfortunate paliverer (discourseur)felt dead riddled wihh balls. We all thought at first it was the Dukepf Berri, but he was soen recognized to be the Duke of Brunswiet." I It is difficult to imagine a less appeclta ii tire audience. His Grace "Brunswick's fated chieftain" must have been drank or a fool. Most likely, after his kind,,he war4 both. General Boarmont, he who deserted a the night before Waterloo and revealed all lie knew to Wellington, had made great a exertions to obtain a command.. A- scene f is described at the Tuileries, a day or two3 betore Napoleon left Paris to join the army -pagh 100, vol. iv.: .-Generals Flahault and Girard impor tuned the Emperor to accord it to him. He relactaetly ielded to the solicitaglons of two su',d attached friends, but said to them, 'You urge it gentlemen; be it so. I con e sent to let M. de Bourmobt have a com mand, but God grant that we do not re pent of it.' " The plan of the campaign has been pro e nounced sublime in its simplicity. A mil lion of troops were swarming from all parts of Europe to overwhelm Napoleon. lie could only master 125,000 to meet the Ang e lo-Belgio army of 85,000, under Welling e too, and 65,000 Prussians under Blucher. e Had Wellington retreated to Antwerp, as e all military critics unite in thinking he Ai ought to have done, time would have en- - t- abled the rapidly approaching millions to h arrive, ans Napoleon could not have had a t chance. His strategy was, therefore, to e surprise them, cut in between and separ. - ate them, turn on Blacher and, defeat him, s and throwing him into rttreat, send Groo le chy, with 52,000, to complete his route. re and then turn, with all his remaining 95,000 -a numerieal superiority--o. Wellington's ie 85,000. The defeat of Wellington woOld 1- have upset the Tory government of Castle le reagh in England, wootd have installed 3- a Liberal -abinet and eompelled the with * drawal of England fyom the Continental of coalition, the conquering of peace and the to establishment of Napoleon on the throne. *. le defeated Blucher, and the Prussians on n the 16th of June, at Ligny, and seperated it him entirely from Wellington and placed be himself between them. td Thq question that has .ccpied so many - minds and created so much discussion, is. he why did not (r6uoeby, with his 32,000 e troops, fresh from the victory of the 16th, mpress so hard upon the disoidered and de he moralized Prussians in their retreat as to e prevent their joining Wellington on the ly 18h at Waterloo 1 The'Frenchl and Prons he sians agree that the battle of Waterloo - was going against the English when the rt. Prussians arrived, at 8 o'clock in the even of ing, on the field. Napoleon said at St. ris Helena: "Had Grouchy been at Wares on Sthe night of the 17th, as he ought to have been, Blcher would not have dared to di co vide his army and send off all bhut rear ht guard to Wellington's assistance." Feeling he the exigency of the crisis, Napoleon's dis a patches not only are explicit. and were re to iterated to avoid the possibility of mis a understanding or qpistake, but he illustra for ted them bj expladation in person. But for some resdth which is unexplained, Grouc y had so behert i the enterprise 1 A a diseasion took place between tEmperor sad Groseby on the mornle of the 17th. This rsotes aeti Gro 's ssetigmu P that eda ot rseve tb oredt to pr 0tle a the P s atiusl telv'rF., of the 17th QOs a a oliv.iv, we read : ý , .i jtowly .throesh a beating 91 ra, ppaut of t the track whete s the a eartts had been estaeb lisbed, the tpery saeleg that Grouchy continued suggesting obsta.les to bie plans, put a stop to tbe interview with, a ' Enough said; obey by sersig as a shield for me against the Penueeios, and dan'ts busy yourself with the Engilhb. " On the morniDg of the 17tch of Jaie, Na poleon drove in his carriage to the field of s battle of the day before. He was sufferin so intensely with hemorrhoids that he could p nobtet on his horse. He pointed with his a finger Io the direction of the retreatlng b Prusatans and said to Grouchy what be tboaght Lad but one meaning : "Pursue f the Prusasian; complete their defeat as soon as you overtake them, and don't lose sight of them." Grouheby says this was at twelve o'clock. He did not set his troops e toin motion te obey this earnest injunction f until four o'clock, and urges the ausal ex cuses that 'it was raining hard." "the meno had not cooked their dinners," "that the t muskets were foal and required cleaning," "that the saddles had.been taken o, the cavalry borses," etc. The consequence was that he did not flnd out the route which the.beaten,ad retreating army of Prasiane bhad taken ! He came up with a mall rear-gaerd on mid-day of tue 38th, t whichb old Blocher had left at Wares as a sersen, while the whole Prussian army, aegmented by 0,00e wader Bulow, slipped away to join Wellington at Waterloo. At s mid-day of the 18th, the fearful cannonade ! of Waterloo was distinctly heard by Grouchy. His staff urged him to march to the canon (Marcher a ecraon) ; that it was plain the Emperor was engaged in a decisive battle with the English. General Girard was importunate, Grouchy says t "even to insubordination," to march to Waterloo with the whole army, to disre gard the Prussian rear-guard, and that if he (Grobchy) would not go to let Girard ge. Grouchy said his orders were, "when he overtook the Prusalans not to lose sight of them." His fatal error was that by "Pros Pans" every one bat himself understood the available and whole army of the Prus sians against which he was to "shield" Na poleon, sad not a small ·ear guard. in fact, with "the Pruselens" he had nevew ove rtakea or had sight of them at all. The French sad Prussian authorities unite in saying that until the Prussian. appeare, on the field at half pastseven in the evening the battle was decidedly agatmst the En glish. It is certain that the dead bodies of many Freneh colrassiers were fooud on She moruiag of the ]kth,. entirety in the rear of the English lines.. There Iea malancholy interest attached to a letter from the Emperor to General Girard, which appears on page 33r' volume v. Thas devoted soldier received his thirteenth and last wound, was removed to. Paris, and died the day the allies entered it. Two days belore, and while the pillars of his empire were falling around him, Na poleon, *'a soce ake in pence or danger," wrote as follows to the dying soldier : J.ss 51t. 1815. " GcaiEE .rL" The Emperor is satislied with your conduct. His Majesty thinks if each one bad done hi-doy as you did yours we would not have mest with any reverse. In the midst S of pre.occnpatioan, the most sorrowtul and I. important, the Emperor has been mindfil of a your devoties, and has created yea Dake of r Ligny." 1Cartial hCtsshsfsTweaty Tesasamaellar Crom. The following letter in reference to the ecress prese qted to, his Eminence appeared in the N. Y. Elaid of Sunday, May 23 : * Te hp dlitor dt the Hand ha the accounts published in the daly Spapers of the confirmation festival at Mons t SSt. Vincent's Academy, it is stated that a 1 peetotlal cross in brilliants was presented t 46 the Cardinal as a fitting close to the , festivities, and that this euose was worth o $20,000. Again, some papers state that y this Wis the gift of the good Sistess of Charity composing the commonityof Mosut r- St. Vincent, while others aflrm that it was le purchased by subscription gotten up among Df the pupils, o' rather the pupilst parents. o, Allow me to correct these err ire, and to 3 give on from an authentic source a brief " history of the pectoral cross itself. The " precious stones belonging to it were, if I am rightly informed, valued at $5010 at o- Tiffany's. Not one dollar was ever contrib i- uted or subscribed toward its purlhase by to the pupils of the academy or their prenta, le nor had the devoted, hard walt ig comn g munity to take one dollar fromn the leasury B- of the poor to bestow on aund purchase; r. for purchase there was none. 'fhbis pec as toral cross- was presented to Aselhbishop He Haghee by the late esaintly Queen Louise n- of Hplgiuca, as a testimonial of her high to regard for the great Americas prelate. a This cross, the personal property of the to Archbishop, he bequeated to.his stater the ir' late Mother Angela, at the tinme Superior n, General of the Sisters of Charity, and by u- her death it came into the possession of the e* community of Mount St. Vincent. When SDr. hlseloskey succeeded Archbishop ' Hoghes it had been the wish of Mother Angels and the Sisterhood to give him the le cros~s, as being the dearest friend and chosen ed heir of their deceased founder. But by S the advice" of Vicar-General Starrs the tel presentation was deferred to some future .he occasion. And now Providence has so or e dtred that the gift of the saioted daughter on of I;ouis Philippe to the prelate who stood ed in the eyes of the Old World and the New ed as the most illustr lonus representative of the American Chucrh shall rest on the gentle ny and fatherly heart of our first American is Cardinal. CATHOLIC. th, This cheering report about the financial le- condition of Virginia is given by the Rich to mond Esguirer: "Por our part, we believe ;he Virginia is as able to-day as any State in me- the Union to pay her debt, and that she loo intends manfully to meet every obligation. Ihe There are not such bard times in the State in as many profess to believe. Everybody St. hlas money and'ie making money, but peo on ple are closer than they used to be, and re don't like to part with their dollars. They di- came by hard work and are therefore the oar most treasured. From all we can learn ing there is less poverty now than there was is- before the war. The money is more generally re- and equally divided, and everybody has is- some of it, or something Ip show for it." for It will pay to buy your coffee, parched er y groun, at e Tea Depot, 5 Camp street. we tabu they W" 4 it.eI hemt the Paris letter of tbJ peIUmatuor.e A., correspondent ii hdtakbe, howevesr saying that the B6libty tArly tirAt yei Old, It u,as.rt estyblibdll i DI, rty two years ago. r Although established h the Sodiety of St,. VThaedn ear wfder developmseto' dall. attets the frnitfulness' o for the members of this sao works traly marelloas. P 126 onferecees. in which there teen workionmen's eirdle, or apprentice, cireles, had twele ' work of the children.' In to r Cdpttch pacific army of St. Vieedt db Psih composed of nearly three, thousand er. bets who donate fvs htitdred thbuees franes a year 'to five thousand, 'deatq families. The Society of St. Vlhceit°d Paul is the first which has hbei able to i one hundred franeas ead. to these spi~t.ng families in support .of.lm.' "Pa-e 'elltij, France the receipts eohet" to- 2.Ob000 francs, for all orope, 4,1OOZ WGO famie,. Another good worked out by the Societies of St. Vincent de Paul is the work ofpopa. lar libraries, which count for one ebonerese, alone 70;000 volumes lent out in one And all this is done by the members ofth society without noise and without' eu raesmeat. In the three months begi this year, the same society had pi in itfvisits to the sick pour, the tion 57 the Sacrament for 7,7 d`tnO iip who had no odo else to prddh last assistance for them-the figures I i you relate to the oity of Paris marriages, whieb would haveU. only, have been blessed by the 011 thanks to the exhortation of tl m se of St. Vincent de Paul-I sL odly of these three months-479 children, who would have died without baptism, have been able to receive the Sacrament hor the hands of the members of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. To give the detail of all the good which it dods would be tes long or even Impossible, for I repeat it,, al these good works are done in secret, follow. lug out the precept given, " let your ribt hand not know that which your left det ~" A egl Ossesam. -~ablia Wasess, 15.I - On the Sth and 9th of June, tare will be a eelebration in the town of Team, which will be an oeesioo of great rejolclag, not only l that locality, bet all over Ireland, and not only throughout Ireland, hub is every .prt of the world where the sattered' children of the Irish raee have made their homes. On that day, the revered and ilUustrious Archbishop of Tuam wvil have eompleted the Fiftieth Year of his piseoopate. It is a remarkable circumtasaee, and nsturally it has awakened the most joyful sau6tder emotions in the hearts of a people to whom s the great prelate is intensely eadeared. SThey cannot think of him for a, moment I without feelings of admiratiot and r·fec tion arising in their hearts. Ilsrloeg life of noble servies to 'bihCh uiC d his country comes before thbi.J t give thanks to God that he has been spred to this time, and is new in theafoyment f of such health and stmengdt dl& vigeor of e mind and elasticity ofepiriteaglitoprom isethat for cansy wmore yesls wvi be d amongst them to do, good wek for faith g and fatherland, and to be loved and veuer. , ated by the Irish people. This Fiftieth. Annivesary. p1 his sleva tion to the piseopate is, we. are glad to s know, to be msde the oeeasie of a As sing and joyful celebrstion by his ast61cb Sclergy and floek, in the esatedral sews of Tunam. The celebraten will eatend over two days. On the iret, day, there will bee solemn High Mass in the Cathedral, sada sermon by the gifted and rmnowaed prseb er, Father Berke, whosoe mavelous pewers of oratd'y may be expected to be ez~reised with special eSect on as occaslon .gpe ing so strongly to every emotion[s bi heart. Subsequently an Address by the .Chapter ad 'Clergy ofthe Arohdlooese will of be presented to His Grace, a proceeding which wilt be deeply interesting; and in Sthe evening His Grace will entertain his guests at a banquet in the new collega !g On the following day the fle colossal statue t of the Archbishop, executed in .white mar ble by the Messrs. Farrell of Dublin will be unveiled. This, we may be sure, wil. be a striking scene, a great demonstra lion of popular regard for the illustrious a prelate whose likenesb in enduring marble will thee and there be set before the peo" ,e pie to be a food memorial of him to many n generations of faithful Irishmen. And then ry as a pleasant wind-up to the prooeedinge his Grace will be entertained by the clergy Bnd laity of his diocese in the new colle e. Altogether it will be a joyful event sn sP memorable celebration. The prooeedin.p we will be witnessed by many Irishmen with h sppy ad grateful hearts, but with thee we. ill also be the sympathies of millions who cannot be present, but whose thoaghte i'e can reach to, Ireland unhindered by any r- distaaees of sea and land. And they will Dy be certain to secure to tbhemselves at be least this much of participatinu ii the n proeceedings, that even while the Auarmor OP of thankegiving, and the voiee of prayer er and loud sbot of joy are soendieg ,O e the air in Ireland, they, too, .a git en thanks to God for sparing this belove'/ by prelate and faithful son of Ireland 5o loni he to his Church and his country; and they ire can, and will, pray that He may give msal Smore such useful and fruitful and hspPY y ears to John MacHale, ArchbishoP o Toa~m. _. . 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