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twrning Star and Catholic Messenger.
3"W ORBLUAX. NtrN .rA V APRIL 2 sr.:7. FROM LAPSTONE TO HEADSTONE. Sndy fregnd the aged cobbler's dead, ailed breneo by crueol goat Be wbom as otber ooula outpeg, Has now hirmeln pegged out Ne was a mas of noble part,. Beloved by young and old And though be user sold half hie good., . I goome were oft balf-soled. HeI wua a busy lit, until Disease did on him ste l; Bo b.eled bis patrmen boouse and .hoes. Binseh f he couls f 0no bheal. He loved bhi art. as whel be might, For lI it be .rs,.sseod WhAS merngni.tilleJ him to his to ell lis fire' thougit was his last. Unolike sonme men I know fell well, Of human lndnesa otripped. Who reap what other bandser bays sown ie sewed whbt others ripped. But now bhe' roea, the gsed old mrn. Mank Od heo loet a Iplend; 1Io leb r a :risnpin-cri.p in age-b loe waed auto hisend ie he be his rest; and a ten areound Thb Day of .lolgrment rolls. e A free Ifrom flew my be his soul As ever were hisr oleo Is S GENERAI, NE WS ITEMS. i Thepopulation of M.,a, bha decreased Ib.o000y p inue the census of 1570. The falling off is o eartely due to emigration to the West. ol The dlfmolty in life is the same as the daffit oulty in gramsme--to know when to make the w eoxoptions to the rules. a During the siege of Paris 463 carrier-pigeons a were sent out in balloons, of which but 73 returned. But that small number brought to P the beleaguered city 115 000 publli and private t dispateohe, beig an average of 1 575 per bird hs --T resrlt achieved by the aid of microphoto- or rspb y. or A safety envelop to prevent tampering bas wi een devised. On the dap the words "Attempt eel to open" are prin.ed with a double set of ehi nhumicals, the first impression ontaining nut- tie Walls and the second green vit..ol. If the flap m o steamed or moistened in any way the magic let parinting will appear. Ine an English geutleiamn traveling in one ma of the petty Ltates of Germsany during the I days of the Electurs. at a time when nobody bha was considered an bodmy unless decorated or the titled, pasted trioumphtly about the coontry the by the happy tho.uht. s-f inscribing on his pro 4ard : "Elector of Mliddlesex ." be A London medical autbority says that what I breaks down so many men is work done in a upo herryd because the time which should have nhn been appropriated to it has been misapplied, and and that " method is the great need of the tis doy." Proorastination isin tact not merely the thief of time but of health and even life. erg, The diference between the cost of prodaoi . pers ti of cotton fabric, North and South, in from van two to four cents on the pound of raw material to g in favor of the Soitb. In consequence, the Ia w manufactories of Georgia all prospered last and year and dec!ared dividend, while a large of re number at the North and East lost money. me. M. Emile Guitard submitted lately to the that Sonnuil of the Agricultural Exhibition, at It Paris, an invention which, by means rf the men e xzaust steam from the looomoive, will be in e able to distribute through a train of cars a each comfortable degree of hest. Te plan is likely then to be adopted in England as well as France. ITss ;hs Emperor King of Prussia has ordered wcolo bli acceptanceo of the Imperial dignity at ord Versaillos to be immortalized in a huge fresco I in the old Kalsertan l at Goelar, annexed with news Hanover in IHO ; but, miraoile dicta, this Ger. ae mi man subject is not to be executed by German per. artiste, or only "Prussian " artists have been expes asked to compete-a trifle which shows bow auxil Imperial Prussia understands ' erman" dn he in trea lore I Bwdleo observations are made doily from gruatl the Pont neuf iii P , is by an optician named ir Secretan. who each non 5 H1ndes up regnlarly B. An small bailocte aade ,rf hslie rubber, tilled with pure hydrogen, for th plrp,,so of hacertalitig the dirrctiun of the varios streals of aIr. arld wlst the beight of tre ci,si.. I'hi retislls art, daily Is- re published in thse clit Mosilturs. Thte matl and velocity of nlevatli. is asot 1:1 feet per ntc 1fcirc end. Ilencei tts Hs1 t lit t titelo if h to ncks louds, it is oufloeiem to, storrVo t, isi sal)o railw with an opera giso, rs , c urlridg tIhe nlber of seconds which el;alsrec Irl It hl;s tlisap peared in tie oiseaity f, o londt, iusis ply 1i.a:.i the sum by 1: It s- fsontd ithat lit, asil ittlndet L olouds varins froms 1 3oto to 1.',0 feet, asnd the ilt l r, prospects of fair wea.ller are increased in pro- tagee portion to I herne - ttlnll oif t Che ulolds. Theseoo txn i experlments have beeil-- is progrei s rine the of li beginning of Feb iiifry. teertp I err Krnpp, of E-en, hls issned a memo conci randum to his wolr!t( l, dllating on the preo- fertil sent stagnation of buesious, and the short hour. necessitated by the rrutriotion of the w market. HIrr Krupp exhorm s his men to sob their mit with iatienoe to hite pansing nlarknoeos asi gained redcedl waiges, and piiniu to th ctdsoitot of r. K the laborlng ciaes int England, ntterr like groat ircroumstanose, as artl sxstsple 1lot to be fole. ing I lowed. Engiland has hadi Ils period of Indus- we at Strial activity ali prisap-ily. " Englend sa with rowen great an ipowtrful by hey r industry. reisie hen her workiungiLer hive fosrndrled tradea' unions, and sntrhmk work tfhr the Inlrpose v ofit enforcng higher wags The cons'qaefoee has tusiji beet that tiie work of EniglaI, Ilist tI a gr:n vlinct extent beet c,t rl ie-i abroadi (hremt li intpII:r3 ho o i has im).. Hii, pttod by this midrtshe tht til he Eoglhet Twaii.0.iOtis-. l'st oiiii lt r Ise a spit Warnlne wits. i. Wtrer we I,f,. o ' ll-ile bsads t e exaosi s-, it, i- i.otry w uldy , tik h eesssf, isi tranlef rri, d 1o i: lier cJludrietn it. The clr ,i vit Ingto t of the ;sland of isethel, in ll l the Souii:i Psc iso beyond tl.e tqoatrir, it. built acti on the eLntulil, t of a rocky mIounuai( riip i pactif almost iperpll:dioolarly to the height sit ?tiO one a feet. Asceilling by a native path from the iu- is"slul terior, the traveler will find the extreme her v summit a inase of enorloues rocks stand- prnid Ing up like a cst I,. among which grow gigan and ..l tin tres, in the Ironoheea of which the dwell- to tnj nloge bu te. Tose stems of thes trees rise id perfectly straight and usmootb, without a banch, to a height varying from to 100 fet. come of tire houses are 1o0 feet above Cti the ground, the average height being 611. cenioun They are approasohed by a ladder of creepers, and aooommodate from ten to tifteen natives Ies ani each, besides an ample store of stones, which ruputat are thrown with clings in ease of attack. At South. the foot of each tree is anotber hut, theevery- eryth d house, as it were, where the daytime ias Itnsp spent when no danger Is apprehended. The sdvaats natives are cunibals of the most ravenous kJin&d. r. ia a young man who lives on a farm near lisse I Boohara, Australia, lately went to sleep on a eve b sofa after a hard da)' work, and had been lying there some time when he got up and went ounids. His companions observed that hero t he walked with a staggering gait, bnt little SOns ci notce was taken of the matter, as they cx- fit isa pected him to rejoin them Immediately. The omnambulslt, for souch he was, paused through The three or fsru gates, untyIng and retyiug tne fmeuniugi which ar made of rope, and made (lookoy his way to the wiolehed. There he hung his another -soa uponr nail, took down a pair of shear. le in the h had been uling in the day time, and proceeded seror h tosbrbpe hbem. te nextcaught a sheep, and eg l bed Jut tnished shearing It, when he was isoo wakened by the sudden arrival of his friende, giva n had Orm0 With a lasntern to search for I. The ebooekof wakening eaused him to hihtrib . me--b-ese· f hot he soon regained his e om -4I tebes w bsorn u wells heartiest mlbO ~ - nl ' , o oenfrer. T7HE BIGHT SPIRIT. i 1e:7. (N. O. Price Current.) The Galveston, Harrisburg and San An DNE. tonio Railroad Company, have engaged Mr. Wm. G. Kingsbury to proceed to England to represent the lands and line of the Company and have agreed to pay him $250 per month from his arrival in Lon'on, hia passage to London and all oflice ex penses, postage, printing and travelling expenses necessary to secure in tIe best manner the object of his mission, which is to sell tie lands of the Company and popu . Ilate its line. The term of" this engagement is not specified, and It is presumed it is to con tinue as long as Mr. Kingsbury's services are succeseful in effecting the object con templated. Mr. Kingsbury may be absent one or two years or more, and during his rengagement the will be authorised, under the provisions for postage, printing, and travelling expenses, to expend a considers- 1 ble amount in printing and distributing, I by mail or otherwise, circulars, maps and explan story statements calculated tot enable him to accomplish his object. On accepting this commission, Mr. Kingsbury a addressed a letter to the Galveston .News in which he says: I am going to make a desperate effort to ;.(000) people Western Texas, wLioh can not fail to be off is of great advantage to the entire State. My a object will be to make Texas known in that h diff- country, what her landa will produce, and at a 'e the what a low figure they may be bought. It is ii a new field, and I feel that I am entering upon t a great work, and knowing my own short- el goons comings, desire the aid and assistance of the at 73 press, and every man who loves Texas to help o0 bt to me all he can. I want all the real estate men at rivate throughout Western Texas, and every man rbird having land to sell to prepare good written 01 hoto- or printed descriptions, accompanied by a map no or plat of each survey, and those adjoining fr K has with price and terms of sale either to actual Ti empt settlers or speculators, my object being to ar et of show these lands in England, ahfd direct par- an nut- ties to correspond with the owners, that they a lap may get afurther insight and more diversified CO oagic information regarding the country and special T' localities than it would be possible for any one ha one man to give. of the I do not expect to make many sales mreslf, crc body but direct them to the owners, who will oake be d or the sale themselves. There is no question but ntry the lands of Western Texas, the fairest, most inc his productive and healthful on the continent, aoo be sold, and the country settled. ma hat I want all planters who have lands to rent sot in a upon the one-half share plan to send me their be names, with a good description of their lands, eqt lied housee, and surroundings, such as church ant the and school facilities, and I promise to send lyil the them good, strong, able-bodied English farm- the era, which I know from experience to be the bhot best we can get from any country; also, all Its Inc. persons in want of gardeners or house ser- it rom vants, for many sucno persons will be anxious rial to go if sure ofa situation upon their arrival. stat the I want a description of all the counties, cities son last and towns I can get, and photographic views mol irge of everything of interest persons may send oft me. In short, I want any and everything the the that will help me to show up Texas as It Is. tha at I will be obliged to all Englishmen. Scotch- and the men or Irishmen, who have friends orrelatives into be in either of those countries (for I shall go to Dan - a each) for letters of introduction, and to have ely them say that my descriptions of Western lies . Texas are as near the truth as an honest man arm red could write them, and to have them say a good cros at word for the country themselves. late. so I would like to have a sample copy of every once ith newspaper published in all Texas, and to have to o er. as many as can afford it to send me their pa w an pers after I get established, for I know from eith en experience here that they are immense ei auxiliaries to an immigration ofllce. I shall behi - be in Austin, San Antonio and Galveston be- tion. fore starting, and shall be pleased to confer the r with all parties who take an interest in immi- adop m gration. vane ed Direct all communications to the care of H. will B Andrews, Vice President, Harrisburg, Texas. hind S Mr. Kingsebury proposes to do for Texas posit rd what Mr DI)r:itt has done for Louisiana on tians iy his recent jou:rney to tihe North, Ihis lectures tbrks an and his coiresponltidcce published in the of o1 . I'icayune. liut lie undertokes hise ulisit as its l Ibacked Iby the ampic;rl iteutus of a etrong been Srailwaiy c,,rporatiot,i the nianagera of purp which vOe shown the light spirit in tni some, ly ga:i g he! services in this important wet k. almt ,L isiatialie is intetrested iin this matter as In e w-ell its Texas. The resrlllces and advat r ten o- tages of the oun cart hardly be tilly its be no exthiihtt d without calling attent Iinu to thiole tweel te of the other. Mr. Kingsbury's miissi,in Rini therefore may he means of directing a of BI n considerable numiber of emigrants to the Ruos s' fertile and salubrious fielde in our State ing t rt waiting for capital taiel labor to develop ered their agricultural riches. But even if we treat i gained not one additional emigratnt from Silist ,f Mr. Kingsbury's services, they will be of a no a great advantage to New Orleans in extend. been I- ug tl:e markets for our merchants, when critic we shall have made railway contecteon in its i with HIouston, and the Texas satem of nilit Srilhw) e which will place us in easy cepti Scomrununication with the thousands of tary ' families .;r. Kingsbury's labors may suoct SIndluce to stitle on the kite of the railway Adrii he specially represents. uilt e The colnipany have' acted in the right marn a spirit in thus matter-a spirit we are sorry Th 1t to say which has onot inslpired the niembers whic u of our legislature, who seell to have estalr regarded the immigration question ts it car n mneretly theoretical, when it is strictly a the c It practical matter, and may be regarded as safe i one of the most important means of ont ,. populating our State, increasing especially obtai 1e her white population, augmenting her line I t- production, widening her basis of taxation, favor I and enabling many thousand nimore citizens the n 1- to enjoy and profit by the blessings of a capee Swise a.d IhoUnest popular government. the ii _____ nor, S CarnIlalisr., Wrorse, ETC.-Mr. W. F. Clark case coontinues to eanufactur oe the eleant carriages, bug- try. Sgtesn and wagons, wh:ok have won for him so high maxil h reptatlo, not only is this acity but throughout the land t South. In addltloa to the superior make and finish of sea a - evermything turned out from his factoey, 134 and 136 migh a IRampart stre, hetween Toulouse and Sit. Peter, the (ho08 0 advantages of deallag with him are that his eharges are by s o vary moderate. and that ha flIs all orders promptly. nred Mr. Clark is preparod to manufaesare anything in his of on Slineof bulsneon, giving his own personal attention to pon even the smallest details, thereby Ilsuring a exact ciplin i compilance with orders received. It is also proper an aC here to state that he lbs agent for J. Cunninmgham & make Sg ons' celebrated osrriage an d heares. See cardon to be Sfifth page. able The nmany friends of Mr. HIgh lo- more Cloohey will be pleased to see by an a'ivertisement on citdit anotLher tiage that he Ihas been admittod to partneehlp diecov in the well known house of Suchwaberher & Hlirei si.nu, tcorner Mgarine oand PI'oydras streetsl. This house he plan a long held a foremost position among the best rommer- tive cial houses of the city. and the mere fact of their having Europ gives our yoneg tlend an interest In Its business isa ruin. high tribhute to his integrity. Intelligence and energy. Frol In commesa with his many tiends, we extend our seem I heartlest cengratlations to him andlope that the suc- the -r oem wile hasurwer attended the ame at Mslosek m mb s...b ewa& tVIeIswa s. ees labia aesse OasUr THE MILITARY BITUATION IN THE EBAT. San An- 5TABNGTH AND DEIGOWs OF RHSSIA AND engaged TURKEY. ceed to id line of [Lolisvills Courier Journal I pay him The complications of the Eastern ques Lonooo, tion seem to be about making another ef mci, ex- fort to disentangle themselves through the avelling medium of a war. The extent and dura tie beat tion of the threatened war and who all the which is participants will be are questions which the d ppa- nfuture will reveal. Just now the military situation is presented in the antagonistic is not attittdes of Russia and Turkey. The to con- territory of these two powers circumscribe services the Black Sea. Russia binds the northern sct con- and eastern coasts, while Turkey in Ea Sabsent rope is on the west, and Turkey in Asia on ing his the south. Constantinople is apid to be under the last word in the Eastern question. If kg, and that last word has been reached. Constan- t eidera- tinople is taken out of the field of diplo bating, macy, and has become the first word in the ipe and warlike demonstrations Russia is making 1 ed to towaid the south. t. On Russia has now twenty five war steamers gabury and two iron clads on the Black Sea. Her for- U News tifications on her southern coast have been n very much strengthened, and she is said fort to to have placed acordon of torpedoes along c il to be her Black Sea shore. She has assembled a e. My an army of four hundred thousand men on in that her eouthern frontier. Ofthese, one hundred and at and fifty thousand are gathered nearTiflis, It is in her terriotry east of the Black Sea, ready g upon to invade Armenia, in Asiatic Turkey, short- either for the purpose of an open diversion y o helpor threatening Constantinople from the at south. The remainder of her army, and y, p man that with which she will conduct her chief a rritten operations, is assembled at points on and cc a map near the Black Sea, at convenient distance in oining from her southwestern European frontier. qu actual The chief points of the assemblage of this of ng to army appear to be Odessa, on the coast, tic t pr- and Kichinev, at some distance from the th: raifed coast, and on the east of the river Pruth pecial To reach Constantinople this army will of y one have to make the circuit of the western end thl of the Black Sea, and its progress, after en 3self, crossing the Russian frontier, will have to sci make be continuously south. n ut Tihe territory to be thus passed over is Ch most included in the Turkish provinces of Rnu- a ca mania, Bulgaria and Roumelia. IIhey have he, rent some irregularities of shape, but they may 4 6 their be considered parallelograms of nearly y sads, equal size, Roumania lying to the north urob and on the Russian frontier, the others send lying successively adjacent to the south in Ne rarm- the order named. The Danuberiver is the $ the boundary between Roumania and Bulgaria. ,all Its general line is from east to west, and as levi ceur it lies below the Russian frontier the Rus- *54 ival. scan army must cross it in making progress tor ities south. Something like fifty miles from the to t lews mouth of the Danubeoccors thejunction con send of the river Proth. The Pruth flows from T bing the north, and its line is at right angles with the h. that of the Danube. Parallel with thePruth, diet it- and not far west of it, the Sereth flows the iotee into the Damube. On the north side of the t 0 to Danube, and between the Prath and ereth the tern lies Galatz. It is expected that the Russian man army will move west across the frontier witi oed cross the Pruth, and take position at Ga- tlel lart. Any one looking at the map will at can 'ery once discover why the Russian army goes our Ave to Galata. pa- With the Danube in front, a near river on nee either flank, and an open road to Russia ,all behind, it is a very strong defensive posi be- tion. Here, probably, will be established D fer the depot for the base of operations to be Are mi- adopted by the Russians, and if the ad- the vancing army should meet with reverse it II. will fall back on this line to its depot be- Kur as hind the Danube. Having secured this tas position and established a depot, the Rues sir on cians will have to advance farther to fix a fact res hase from which they cans conduct th ri ne ct he ot operations that looks to CostaIlntiople tion tin as its objective point. The Riusiass have sun rg been over this ground b:efore tor the re duvi of purpose; so history will, perhaps, throw teat. Sri- some ligut on approaching evenuts that seem grad k. almost to be within sight. as In the invasion of Turkey by Russia half trsc Ii a century ago the Russian army established whier Ily its base of operations on the coast line be he tweeu Varna, in Bulgaria, and Bourghas, in prg in Rmnela. West ot Varca, in the interior so v a of Bulgaria, lies Sharula, which place the mav tie Russians merely observed without attempt thar ste ing to occupy. The army, however, ncv- of tt op ered a line ot land comnmunication ant re- thr, we treat to Russia by obtaining the fortress of -m Silistria and Brahilor, lying at intervals on ,pee f a north line from Varna. This plan has dtn id- been condemned by a ltnumber of military daiii en critics, and the most that has ever been said vallI on In its favor, though it has been said by high nato of military authority, was that it was an ex- first sy ception to a well-founded maxim of mili- the of teryop,'rations. In practical results it was t ay successful, for it cliried the iusslans t, ratI ay Adrianople. almost confronting Constanti- I uonIle, where the Turks acce,:ted to the de /ht mands of Russia. 0 ry The maxim violated in this case, or ro that., ors which this case is an exceptiotn, is: " To entl, vio establish the base upon thor c points where more as it can be sustained by all the resources of the i a the country, andt at tile same time ilnsure a as safe retreat." The Rustiian army oba,,rvied caui of one part of this rule by covering itseclf by h'" "i Ily obtaining possession tsf fortresses on the bh pr icr line to Russia, along which it might, under immer in, favorable circumstances, have retreated to ma°'. ns the north side of the Danube and thus cs a caped to its own country. But by letting "l the important point of Shumla, in the inte- etoek rior, alone, the army failed to place itself ' in a position where It could avail itself, in wel rk case of need, of tie resources of the coun- coiltes 1- try. Jomini, referring to the general ltoe, ha maxim, says: "A State powerful both on tnde he land and sea, whose squadrons control the CaOeS of sea adjacent to the theatre of operations, r 3 might well base an army of forty or fifty F o * thousand men upon the coast, as its retreat a Sby sea and its supplies could be well as a ar Y sured; but to estasblish a continental army look sI of one hundued and fifty thousand men t upon such a base, when opposed by a dis eaT le C ciplined and nearly equal force, would be and no sr an act of madness." The exception that 1 o Smakes this admissible is stated by Jomini iredel n to be "when your adversary is not formid- pry able upon land, and when you, being mae inbc tcr of the sea, can supply the army with this li 0. more facility than in the interior." These pepls n tcoditions are rarely fullilled, but Jioriui op Ip discovered them in the position of thebo Ru s . siane, but he couples Ilis approval of that sir. Splan wtth the declaration that it cou'd not . have been pursued in the presence of a medls I European army without great danger of eallig ruin. rFrom all accounts the Turks just now whaers ir seem to have a more formidable navy than the Russians, and they have also quite a Hawi a number of experienced English naval rge o ir n their smevle. Is as not lilyl, t IN TRH peat her campaign of 1828 and 1820, nor do her present preparations indicate eitch an intention. It is likely that after the Rus SIA AND elan army has possessed itself of Galatz, it will proceed to occupy Brabhilov, Silistria on the Danube, Varna and Bourghason the coast, and Shumla and other poinots in the rn que- interior. Shumla is on the direct line of other ef- Silistria, Brahilov and Galats, back to Rus ugh the ala, while it is so situated as to be in easy id dura- communication with Varna on the sea. all the If the Russian army pursues the course hich the indicated by its preparations it will pro military bably move down on this line, and from gooistic Shumla as its base strike for Adrianople y. The as its first objective point. Russia has macribe about twice as many men under arms as aorthero Turkey has. Turkey can netsif .,rd to let rin E- the Rossian army at the eastern end of the Asia on Black Sea pass into Armenisand dispossess d to be her of part of her Asiatic dominions with ion. If out making some resistance. To make onstan- this resistance she will have to detach a large part of thi, army which might t otherwise be employed in resisting the c making Ruoslan advance through European Tar- I key. Altogether, without some intervention c earers or some most extraordinary feats of valor I lerfor- on the part of the Turkish army, before If beenmany months rile Russian bear will be a Ssaid ting on the bank of the Bosphorns d along craunchine the shattered form of the ii enbled Ottoman Empire. nail on L d New York City vs. New York State. gi Tiflis, e ready (N. Y, San.) f urkey, The population of the State of New bi ereion York, according to the census of 1870, is T r the about 4;400,000. That of the city of New re , and York is about 950,000. Allowing for the th chief newly annexed districts of Westchester tii n and cornty, the population of the city may have of stance increased to 1,000,000, but it is still un intier. questionably less than one fourth of that th f this of the whole State. But while the popula- TI coast, tion of the city is to that of the State less an i the than one to four, and its representation in th 'rt the same proportion, more than one-third 5a will of the burden of State pauperism, more ma n end than one-half of the State taxes, and an th: after enormous amount of the State public thi vo to school expenses, are borne by the city. eq The latest report of the State Board of Ia er is Charities makes tie total number of the in- fat Ron- mates of the various poorhouses and alms lop have houses of the State to be 12,614. Of these, tin may 4,698 are supported by the city of New all early York. thi torth Of the $8 000,000 of taxation fo: State wi hors purposes imposed on the several counuties ag, th in New York will have to pay this year over Sthe $4,000,000. of aria. Of the $1,504,000 of State school tax the id as levied upon New York city in 1876, only No Rus- $544,000 was apportioned back to the city tress tor its own schools, so that its contribution wo the to the public schools of the more favored or tion counties was nearly $1,000 000, of rom These facts have often been laid before wh with the public, but without result. The rural eqt 'nth, districts have their grasp firmly fixed upon cha ows the city, and will not let it go. They will plii e not even reapportion our representation as the reth the Constitution and their oficial oaths to sian require them to do, so as to make it accord soc tier, with the latest returns of population ; and ioe a- they insist, under the guidance of Republi- sloi Il at can Reformers, so called, upon regulating Tal toes our internal affairs without reference to qui the rights of our own citizens. ceal ron _ __ wot iaMOUT ARARAT. of C ot- was hod Dr. Bryce described his ascent of Mt. The ' be Ararat at the Royal institution in Lordon Itdo ad- the other eventog. As the Cossacks would drag e it not, from pride, act as porters, he engaged who be- Kurdsto carry his impedimennts, but was only this obliged also to engage Cossacks to protect aid ius him from his Kurds. Nosrwitcstanding the x fact that thle uactnt line now been made slne everal times, it is atill a rooted suptlsti. ple tion in toir country that the rurintain is IExtr are ilndl-r ruperhurnati care-the Knllld say of ine devi:s, tire Ar:metianaiis ".y of angels--cand & row that ,teCL Ino be ia-c nodetd. ais attent:idi s t e iem gradunly itell iof, atcd io completed the igcr ascentr ld;,ne. When far above the level of alf tro-e, hiu Caine up in a small pieceO of wood, lied wihich he exlihited, though hI wna not ire.. t'- prepared to accouirt for its appearauce at e inso great ian elevation. Former travellers ror have anlluned to the volcailii oirigin of the Th the mounttaitl. te found this to be so, though , it there was no trace ot crater·-, no more than peer, 'v- of tihe Ark, though therat, is a firm belief liabi re- through the district thbrt the Ark is still and i Sof presearved in aireceas He thinks the whole the u on ofthe nsummit has beec carried away by coont has denudation. The appearance of the moon- ag1te ar train, rising, as it dies, 14,500 above the Col ai valley level: is very etriking, and it Jano igh naturally esg;,e-ts that it would be the gaari first spot of dry land in the district after ureas t~ho flood. D)r. Bryce said hle lieved the ream. W38 people of tie distrarl: were itrogaaiog trade t. rathner than progrefitrig. lunch of tra G. I'TraIin, E] --Sci;m weeks ago we stated witi to that. owing to the rapid and stealdy incro.t, in this boin To gentlemans ih'ineso he was"nlspontd to remove to the p; ere more ommodiousa quarters. ioce theni, hiowreer at of fai (f the isluest - litsauon of a number o, f . r. I'itard' s d, ua ' ~'o' rst t ho, h al hi i, resent et t,"n, · i I an.ad t2:. I ate red Canal street, er ,onveniiently locited, he haehanaged view i hia wind. and iy extendinRg lis storce over the yards of poar the h'e prenmies Ihai e.cured enough space) to keep the cline ler immense e:ock whi, h the wants of hii astomers de- the cr to man,l. Mr. l':1 id has on hand one of the mast crm. total * e- tleteassorti.autsof paint., oils, varnish, window glas, baa hi wg Wall ppier, elt , to be found in theSouth; as alsoa line per ce tn- stock of hardware and grates. His goods are all of the end 01 elf het q ) slity and his pric, sere sery ressoinarle. These well known feC a. toegther with the prompt d te eoarteous attention given to all who ever enter the the fa] ral store, whether to buy or simply to price goods, have decres onle hia eistahliehmont Ilmensely popular with all the in he c"aae, parrt:culary with mechanico. lee. bj So the 't, From the .re Maria, of Nonre Dame, I edin ss, t we take this note : Indiana, es An Ab~i~r,,ider or~ fleetaic ed k~rai ae-lgnj, with d 15 hcort isteohlem no which ieappeoded asmpul Prayer acted. 13 Bookl. West cneaer: Printeri at the New Yaork Wt " his Joelleat and well-arranged mtno tb Inteds i P eR Canterii trtducr,.o manmen a ise bookslatned small, Seaisone iio,,k tr r advanced elaseas ins Seoors, wclleges be ·D damiesl A. . lts title impor ars it i an epitom, low p aA eerutc ann mori l the 3 o or the ase of the laityg.oads I ah asort catonm for he Intracticon aor children ils r-ap n n peeled. it contasis ais a cl1etion of apthori. eod prayers, the amnner rs serving Mare etc. The lnstrnae (lne sre in the terr or qeton end answer, aend sMem ter - to be clear snai practirl throaghoat. Teachere waltlas agirnd ni thli little ,,lawme of great Service to thamad,,ee and tics nba well adaprtd to tihe w.nts oa their dibffrean clrases os se paplie. I is nicely gottn ap, being well trrintid. o T ,, opalpeir., and Lastly bound. Price O3 rents. Sold the J,.Tce corner ot Cc. Andrew and Cotnct a timarkia s nterers. yec t)rlsaUs. La. at Mr Jc3cr, the gtnleeman referred to aboe, hbanssectonI Slasrge anol . ccct aanortmentt ofprayer booaks, heads. of t~le a medals, wreaths, pnre w.a candles, eo., which he la gods, sell'ag at very tow ploes All he cake Is that pur. huhi, is chiisne ahoi'd pile. Lhis grods bhrt,reInvestlng als.- recent H where. nat p Having seoured a very largeBjock of spring tenu L dry geeda undro€ szesl nltay taworabli ehremtaaee. otheri: !sM..LvyIe. u sgstamehxet·assbe~a saud ,nordo COMMDUNISM. ,ich an I~ Roe- Oloemanatt Telegraph latz, it Communism, which is undoubtedly ga lilistria tlering strength in this land and threat son the eoingto spread its black wings of death 1 in the over the whole land, is not only a theory line of of mad fools, and a curse to society, but. bo Ru.- one of the vilest blasphemies that could In easy be offered to the Creator It is the most a. advanced and therefore, the most loath course some stage of human pride, undertaking I 11 pro- to reform the work of the Creator. It is d from the boldest and most impudent impeach- I anople ment of the goodness and justice of God. is has Communists forget the trtbh, that of our rme as selves we have nothing. It is through ' to let God's goodness each one has what he has. t of the As we have a right to nothing, no one can ' lossess justly complain that he does not possess t with- more. Inequalities in this world are no " make wrong, because all things-the smallest as :ach a well as the greatest-are pure gifts, and might the distribution of them, therefore, can not g the cffend in the least any law of justice. The Tor. proposition, that tquality ever did or ever *otion can exist in the world, is the most trans. c valor parent as well as the must pernicious false >efore hood that human pride ever invented. Men b+ ill be are not born tree and equal-they are born e horns dependent and unequal. Inequality is a mo the law of the univease which no theory of communism will ever be able to set aside. Iumau reason will never accept the a glaring falsehood. It may do violence to K every human instinct. The equalizing 33 furore can only propagate itself by violence i New because truth is ever a lion in its way. ha rO, is The only victories it will ever win will be 50 New recorded in the rain of society, because the ] the the progress of human society depends en- Se eater tirely upon its close adherence to the laws' a bave of God, to whom it owes its creation. Go un- There is no doubt that men substantially. to that that is in having abody and soul, are equal. 65 sla- Their origin, beingcreatures, are the same, 00 less and their end, the enjoyment of God, has n in in the same nobility and is blessed with the to bird same possession. Justice will be equally "t oore meesured out to all, by Him to whom all Fu I an things belong. Unt here equality ceases. All do. tblic things else are accidents and over them in- o equality reigns. This accidental difference r, d of will remain. God has written it upon the a in- face of all creation. The tramp of all the loa legions of Communism until the end of E tar, ime car, not blot it out. It will survive `ew all the fiery flood at nocial revolution; only 7 the fire that will finally consume the earth tate will end it. The battle cry of heaven ra ties, against the first sin ofJ pride, " Who is like ver God," always tortells the inevitable defeat c of those who imitate the fallen angels in Yl. tax their resistance to the decrees of God. W only Nothing can resist God and live. - t city No human power can enthrone in the a tion world the maxim that properity is robbery,s s red or that all men should have an equal share P1 of earthly goods, because the powers by Rib lore which these goods are acquired are nu- D aral equal and only the Creator's hand can Rik pon change their condlition. Man can accom- 1s sill plish this feat, when he gives the swallow , as the size of an elephant, or lifts the valley $ tha to the height of the mountain. Order in Bs ord society depends upon this all pervading teg id inequality. Destroy it and hopelesseconf Medl >li. slon enters. Chaos would come again. -to ing Take away the individual's right to ac- 1+a0 to quire property, enterprise would then on cease, commerce would perish, trades an would be abandoned. Adopt the teachings Cast of Communism, and the earth would be a waste. The reign of beggars would begin. st i 4t. There would be a riot of plunder as a pre- bag. on lide to universal starvation. God has eum id drawn the plan of human society. Those, o ed who would build in any other way, are 1rI as only laboring at a building which must fall Rala ct anRl crush them. Citr dt THREE MONTHS' BUSINESS nutS tiP dot is (Extra.ts from the Quaterlv Circular of R G. Dun & dom oi 'The quarterly c'ircular of Mess, R. G Dun toO. dl & (o. illoown a c!ijht increase ot faillr« over Eac to a ..iO,.lt:lh.ll,li, tlrce uIoothJ of 17l., the tot) Tof - ---ire.irs Qu rher~ q e B dN, ':t A nu.,t f A ernly No i SFi*,lurra. Liatilitia . L.abdltige. Cos I ot iF'5.............. 1'" 02 4 .417i as (02..le4 _ t at TL7e ............... 2, 64 645 ; 3 I 3038 Lut 1 eJ t............... 25 ., 5 h,t., 19 01t Mo The inrease iu number for1 the quarter at, Wut pears, to i rouy s rrty-thren,, and is only sting l e aet because any increase ar, all was onutx- I ao peoted. The falling off in toe average of u fr"' of liabilities, however, is taken ias a iod sign. ill andl ought to atone -o the small addition to ia tbe numbers. Iv seeking to ac ounr, fur ti 1100 y ntmned large nuber of these casualties, the Be - agency says: thlo osidering th political unertainty in yard it January and February, and the restr:cted and 16 business whioh his prevailed threoghuaut the NiI 1O quarter, it is rather surprising that the in- Livc or crease in failures is so small. It most be do., a= im reuollected that the decline in the volume of 'cime tradhe within the past four years has been u moch greater thaio the d-cie in the number Cadlves of trailers wbhot it sustains. If the same ratio hatl prevailed in the number of failures and LOU d withliraals frntu business, in proportion as i buainess became restrictcd in l,xteiit during to the past three years, it is cortaiu the siumber A of failuores would have boeeon mo greater, eanod, so long res botiuess contiiuesn without G R material improvement, so lung euly failures be nuineroluts. ome interesting tigares on this d iew of the situation may be gleaned by con 5 paring thbedisasters in business with the de ! Cline in its extent. For the three years from ethe end of 1573 to the beginning of 1877 the BE o. total number of failures in the United 8tates has been 22 662. This amounts to less than 4 Priass. ,. per cent. of those engaged in business at the i. Jai end of 1873. This is in small proportion to a.Jil the decline in the volume of trade. It is difl- . cult to arrive at any definite conolusion as to 4. Rel the extent of this decrease, butimoeasired by the falling of in imports, and the iell-asorn by i eL a decrease in the production of manufaotures, it the internal business of the osuntry to-day is less by 30 to 3 per cent. than it was Ih 1873. 80 that the number of withdrawals from bus oisess, by failure or otherwise, Is far less than seems either justified or demanded by the decline in the extent of business to be trans acted. With regard to the trade of the past three is months it is alleged that, notwithstanding 1110 Nagi small stocks in the hand. of the retailers, and us pri low prices for many staples, the demand for W goods has been weak and irregular, and the amount of business done in all branohes of No3Cf commerce mueh less than was anticipated. t cail a, after charging upon the Bankrupt law oan Tiet aggravation of existing oommercial diesbili- atee ties the review concludes as follows : The early purospect of a practical settlement ADVk. of the ;otuthern question is regarded as a wark-ed contribution towards a return of more prcaperons times. The great staples of this section ace of prime importance in the markets of tle worl, and its power of absorption of Two.. goods, eslmecially in view of the small stocks Three... aus, Is too well known to need comment. If Vcuw recent events remove the clog from its mate- Vlve.. rat progress and inspire its people with riness... energy to extend their productieons and in- Thlrt;.. crease their wealth, a better hope may be en" Tram tertained for the whole country. This, with aItlen other ni oe f i a enaoaraging chsar. OI l 5k sad_ les Os belief t tbs -Is Wno crop of agricultural produce the remalndar e the year will enable us to mark a sabetaaotji progress. ly ga breat- AUCTIONOsn ANoD EnL ESTATr Aomasm.. death We ask the special atteation of oar readers to 1 beory business card of Messs. Hoey, Macesm &0Or r, but. which we publish on the flfth pag of to-day's Meo could Ioe BrA. The irm name as It new esads o alw, , most the individual members are amnug the best haewu1 oath- our itisens and the meeost experienced of p ,se. king tioneers. eu one of them has for years bmms u. It i slaged in the business a esestlieao with oar klr each- eases. Thoroughly versed in the pat and pre. God. Talue of rel estate, onverorant with the histlor er our- nasnolal lantifutlone, the ebaracter of ther eduir ough and all those details whech ten to ieres or ler r has, the value of steaks, we khow of no genllet a ise can whboe hands we would more cbeerfiully ples emurs seas terests did we wish to purobase or sell either rg DO no estate, tocks, bonds or scrip of any kind. at as a.d FIINACIAL AND UOrglC j KANRcom A U Inot The -oWmxo BreAn OdnRtt ever FIRANCIAL -Quotations-E-xceptional pepr 8 to-. s- -ce.t per ann;: Al do. to 1..; a.cond.ade....o lrtclass mortgage do. 8 ton per cent per annum I. Mao halfdollars and Mexiran dollars nomisal; Comnmerroi rn terling 51 to 516, bkoo - to 510O;the beMak ing rat on Nework t per cent premium, and os i ea uercial oight t 514 aide. Corro- Week's receipts 9, 7harls. Eprins il the atdu oale Su. Stck tnPrroses 17459 omta. ELo Ordinary fl; Ordin of. Good who ee;m Land t Middling lxj; Middling iit; Good Middling l. 'T :ug g hange telegrams make the recelpts at bNlew oys Osne Sept. 1.t, 1,12 320 bales, againsa Io.SSO0iGassy Ban-Choie ---ode m0 pe1010 lb ray bale againt 73.080.333 lt per o deriUse 11 e Bteck an all poress 2,41 beli, against 6TI le yearinoreese 30,945 the Lu onCco--In moderate request and irn. a' and orbo Luge nominal ow Luga to 451 eus Gdo5 to Oa; Low eaf?7 to Medium Leafs It i9) Go Le. II to Fine Leaf 13 ol ; Selwgt o .Pul v .cru0_D Tonc1o.-nBtra 1ne75to l 0 0, 318. 5 toN n ine Medium 00 to 6; Good Mdinm 0to I me, Common Sound 42 to 50; Bright quartoer Con. hmon Medium 45 to 550' Bright Bvy 4. and s, 1 1 .Black.weet 40 to 51c; No. 1, Se and iOs BlaOk sweet Lnly e Natura Lf Twt. Package l5 to 86o. Fa all Fully Pair 01c; Prime Sic; Yellow Carifed Itoi White All do.e Io LOUISIANA MoLaees.-Prices nominal. Commo - Sto 3jo per gpl; Fair - to 3c: P lme - to 420; Strloly ice Prme 4. to 47c; Choice 48 to 500. Ke FINKDSo buoAB,.---rusbed, Powdered and Greonn. ifted - to 11 o per Ib; Beet lot --to ll the (,Lo.DoN iSi.UP.-At wholesaleo. to Feu per gallon. Of iXco ---um1lua, o. 2,.- to 3c per lb; Common 4j; Fair - to 50; l'ull 'air - to -: Prime - to 6. i ve PLOU-uperOnne "- to 17 O per bbl; DoubleEtra ly 97 .s to 511; .ow''rrobloExtra 7 7 to8 25; Goodlrlso Extra t5 sO to Situ; Cholce Ireble Extra I tO toO 0; Choice mxtra 19 5l to 0 75. and -- to -- for Cholo :ke C$- atobinat- to 90 Oper bbl. Whole. saiing at 9-- T.o 2 75 (at Cos in SACKO-White Mixed - to 9so per bushl; in Yellow Mixed - to 53O; Uhoice Yellow - to 5,, me )d. W ht -to5O0. OSiOrddlary - to -0; St. Louis - to 430; Goln - to 460; Texas - to -o. o BX-Chome -- o $1 50per 100 lbr .AY-r nacry' - to.. - per tonI Prime t- 'y, 16 and Choice 5- to 18. re Pot--MesDjobbin atli6 75 to $7 per bbl. Bacon0-houldere Jobbing at - to 7 per IbI Clos SRib Sides - to O91o, and Clear Sides - to 10 . Diy SALTD .LSuAT-Shoulders Jobbing at to; Ckt n Rib bides sei Clear Sides - to So. SUoAm-CUuMD HAMs-Large 9 to lO Mediaum 11 il1- ; ,mnll O3 ljoW f--albeo toiefned jobbing at - to fTe pe b y g1gatT BACON---Jobbing at 9j to eo per lb. Il Bx--Fulton MarUket -- 1 .tsu per bbli Ts fi1 , toell 00, Western 112 to 15 50. Ig rh-C ce Now York Ghen -- to pr lb SMediu.m it to 24o; Inferior - to-o; Choico eWsis -- to 21o; Medium 14 1o 170; Inferior- to -o perr Ib, Cape-Chooos Western 15 to 151; New York Ceam C- 17501o 0. in Una-Linseed Oil-Raw 72 to 75o. Refined - eies per gallon Refinled Coal 011--38 to 4u in as pe gl and 35 to 37n in bbls. Lard Oi--,5o to I1 0i per ga"es, - SCuator Oil )7 to 1710 per l b. Cotton deedOl---Ua-de --; Rfined - to - per gal. SALT-Dealers' rates : Uare., 5 to 0710 per sack Pn, I.6 1 8 z. o 15. Trk'sIland. S3 to o per two buhs . bag. Pocket's Table alrt, I to according toder t SOAr-Western, 41 to 'por b10; German Oiriw 1 agnolia, 5; xxx Palm. 7; Castile. toc. S ovCurran -Job lots; Ordinary Iet to 170 gold; Fair j Sto 1ro; Good 19ito 190o;Prime gqto pj. Fauilorti tNc-Lemonso 8 o toi od0prbox Lyse 11 Raisine 1 uto 1 e5; Bananas LO t0 uoperban; Citron, - to --o per Ib; Currants, -to -o; Brarll Now, too; Almontds, 191 to 2Oc; Filbett,, 12 to 130; Dates, 6O . 1 .i; Coco;nuot., 1--to iperluoo. Poesa-utoll 1iaP a nute :i 1 t 4c per It); Urranges 16 0 per b0l. Poui.Tn-- Wontern Chicken,, tlown $ - to 6 0 per dozre; bY0iig 13 C to 4it0; Ducks 94 t0to 450U; Gee" A 5 U t to e t*..; Turkeyes-o to 024. .-W-oVst ,n ,2 to I5 per dozen; Louisianaelt 17 r EICLLNTH AND GotENN VrtorrABItz-Potatoes 12 5O to 13 ut0; (i;abagesl to - to - percrate; Sour mrOl l '0 t ) ruo . 201 ),u bbl;b-; Onons f-- to 4 SU; Applese I$ to : I'or,. N BEoN8 AND Prat-Western BRns - to SbO per lb; Nol.Llu - to 4 o per Ib; Grern Peas -- to ;o per lb; (Cow i'oa 43l i to .iz IO per bushel for Mixed, s un i - 15 1~r Cloy. a DilJu k 1IIT--rArples - to 450 per Ib; Peaches, --. Mion--hlo, 4j to Sou pr Ib; Gray 2 to Sic; Grey and Black mied 3 to :jo. ' tVuOL-L.ou...a.u Clear, - to lic per lb; Clear Lake, i - 24; Lourry. - to 13. 'exas - to-. b /imto-l-ry lilted, - to 1o; Country Green. --tot01 f Dr Flint, - to "O. 3T1ahow, 7 so 7o per lb. Ci t.OTroo Bº.----.-- to i51 per ton. fe COorYNoG--Molases bbls., 1i 541; Sugar hhds., S-- t 2 90; lihds. I'otes. $30 to 40 per thousand. IbLb do., 110. Ion .CorrON Tinr -Arrow Tie 36 per bundle; i Beard &I Brother and Branch. Crook o Co. 5350; Drake in A F lournoy' 510i per 1b; Philip Wire Tie to per lb. BAolNc;-DLomoetil Jute and Hemp, - to 1350 per i yard. India, -to Il.tGunny Bag-s....ieacbin bat" al and 16c, renewed; Baling Twine - to 1lo perlbin IntOll. , (AVA*L iTouta-Tare 1 0 to$375; P1106 U.- to 524940; Rosin l ) to 4 U00; Turpentsinoe 37 to 4uc per gallon. LvO. S3C-Teiexae BeOve., let qallity, -- too35 dl w do. ,O. i to:l: 3d, 1S toti. Western dog- o -. t El P'rime Hoges: 5 to oo it; ('omnmou do., - to 5. Bheep, ist quahityp,5 to $i; 2d do.. 8. to 4 o l; do. 1 to $010. htlclh Cows---choice, $75 to 4';; ordinary do.; t500 70. cr Calvos. 57 to 19. Yoerlius. e to Itt d LOUiSIANA DIVISION r ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA. GRAND LOTTERY FOR THE BENEFIT OF ITS TOMB FUND. ( Prizes. 1. Julio'u painting, Lee and Jackson at Chaneellors. rille. 2. Julio's painting, Pifferaro-Italian Bagpiper. 3 .. Bedouln Chief-Bedouin. 4 Reid's " en. tE Lee. 5. Becker's Landscape. 6. Juuto's torm-Loulsianascenery. 7. Louisiana scenery. I. - .Norman Peasant Children. " Studies from Nature. 13. ". Dignity and Impudence. 15. " IlsohlIef. i. " anses Effets. lOd Engravings, Lee and Jackson stIChancellersvllab 18 prises; Ticketes seah. N B .-Since the isnue of tickets sapplemntiarf przes have been added. lbs prizes can be seen at the studlo of Mr. Julo. o. 3 Carondelet street, where the publlo are i/nvtel to call and examlno the same. Tickets for sale ast Julio's studio, 3 Caroadelet strest W. B. Kllenpeter 5, 61 Camp street, and at 16 Q 'Oal stract de94 80, ADVERTISING RATE8 OF THE "8T&BE. SVuaIteý I One I TwoIl~lk SQM's ` ~*Three B iz Ouc _ h. MUMt j'th. Y Tear. One . ....... .. i 0 s 1! git ia I0 " Two .... _ .. ej 0 s Three .......... 4 14 !!4Fsr ...........l.. 13 27 9cO EII14O D 3. 30 75 1 I S10 Ten ..... . 3U 7 1.0 3(0 cifteen:.............. 40 7f 10s 0 Ik gy Thlr i................ 70 1130 10 300 43 Trmatmiest Adl.femeai $1.a s0.rpaga,..a6 .ertien 0330l aaS atp~eulrats Wuw ma 0·~rw