Newspaper Page Text
Stuar and Catholic Miusenger.
I.aw car.aass.-wuAT, JRUS s*, wtv. SGBNBAL NBWB ITBMB. Itsewere a mnmber of oases of eon stroke Sew York last week, a few of whiobh proved -M. eosn, a Prenoe meteorologist, bha made whio peeve hate ess winter wasee keown la Pres saoines 1719 t e t three moutho of this year iL this oselitry, wish a mileage asetl 1,100 miles, representing a cost of _'i,000, epassed into the heads of treevers. J. O'Kes Murray hls publisbed hie new 0The Proe saod Po'try of Ireland." It os ooll.ee'to of literary gems from the looe of great Irleb writers, with teal skerohebee. W-e Jedereso Davis.' book, or books. em his history of the gret conflict, will be iJmultesooasly in this country and Mrs. Davis Ie now abtoad end will rejoined by her hbsband. It is significant of the eprsenes with whbioh nearebestowed in England, while for ' breesta are covered with them, Oiadstone, and Lords Beseonfeld, &Ballsbory have not a single one -Fi e naemse bu benefitted from the Anglo Treaty of 1800 far more than England In ifteen years the oannui imports into from Oreat Britain bhave only risen £Sm £91,000000 to £24.000,000. while those uJ s F ra to Oreat Britain hae risen from AW,60,000 to £40,000,000. Bgsper'a great horse, Ten Broook. beat time te aaeeeods the other day at Louisville, d 1L aowner is now several thousands of m bs rhlher. The horse made his first le ia 1.441, and his second in 1 43, total for the two miles 3.971, or three seconds better that that of qny raeer on record. It Is noteworthy that the two greatest dis ssestes l medicalol cionce whioh have been l Ia modern times do not deal with the dof oare, bat with the ounce of proven They are vaecination, introdooed by Dr. -rase, and artifoial tasrthesia of which -here seam to have been as many discoveries as Homer bad birthplaces. The biggest vessel ever built in 41 days was lameohed recently in New Ykt. She is called the olumbsle, is 260 feet on the keel and 1280 eoas measurement. She was bailt as an ex teoamer and has three i nmenee decks. peoseln will be comfortably acoommoda ebseard at one time, but considering the of her construction we decline iu ad lavitations to be of the number. S S oltke says, in his recently published that in England all classes are out ot alike to appearanoe, but that is not ese In Rsalsi, which to a land of striking etaste, where a brilliant capital stands in trsats, palaces are elbowed by hute, a rail -snl rsen 400 mile without approaching a tww, and coarseness o.xist with excess of srinaenut. He divides the Rosalens into aJsl a million of cultured and 60,000,000 total ly anoultored. T'wo Turkish spies were lately arrested in the ReOsman lines at Giorgevo, and shot. One was profoundly Indifferent to his fate, and '-leerled that his eyes should not be bandaged. 'Be resolved the platoon fire with a steady gIape and fell ftlt on hie face as the balls pleeOed him. Before the execution he cast ' glanes of supreme contempt upon his coom plion, who was in mortal feaet and .elled piteously. It was neoeneary to force him to t e spot and tie him to a stake. The London Economist writes: " With war impending abroad, and failures resulting at bees from the long depression of prices, the -,saoertainty of polities, and the present des -. of thatat uncertainty-with those -sh-abrle inflleoces, th efatiie of laets i att sally a dll one." Our con:-mnnorary falls back for comfort on Mr. lugb MoCa'lloch's last re port from New York : "Tiere Is no doubt a -great deal of steady improvement going for - ward in our leading industries, but its results -asoka sc onepicnoeoshow u Workmen in silver plating establiashments a e not allowed to keep their old clothes when they as worn out. An old tattered veet is .lalse t S:0. Silver volatilises when beated ,.bessdy, and meoh passes off in a vapor and "andetes again In pare state. In Govern. asset aaey oes the smelting of the erode moeal theowe off ellver vapors, which rise and sald l in the soot in the hobtaney. A silver , asne oonoern Ia New Haven, Conn., in re g.;fovls, took up the floor of the plating Sasom, hrnred it, and analysed'the ashes, ob Sl: uo ; 81 In pare sliver. Capt. and Mrs. Crapo recently sailed for osae from 'New Bedford, Mass., in a boat of - he ltlowiug aimensions: Length, 19 5 feet; breadth, 6.4 feet; depth, 3.16 feet; tonnage, 1.68 tees. The length of keel is 13 feet; eeon re board, 3 feet 6 inoohes and 1 foot 6 inches wide. She is built something after the whale boat model, tht shorter, broader, deeper, and with more sheer, and her draukht of water will be about 13 inches with centre-board up. ' They expent to land at Falmouth in Cornwall about the 7th of July. The only rel., n given ar beis foolhardy deed is that no ont, ever erossed the Atlantic in so small a buat. A remarkabtle example of rapidity in d.'ep boring behas lately been furnish-d by tihe tlre bore hole put down by a company formed to seareh for coal in Switzerland. A depth of 1422 feet was reached in two nmouths, includin, the reboring of the upper 740 feet from 34 ooches to 7 inches in diameter. The work was * done, inoluding all delays, at a rate of over 1600 faet per month the highest speed being nearly ST feet in 2 bores. The results obtain ad were negative, the seetion showing about 3900 feet of Permian strata resting upon old Srystalline rocks ; but the trial is only thse first of a series. The oliors of the present Russian army who passed through tonnmania during the -rimean war, twenty-three years ago, express 'thomselves astonished at the improvements Swhiohb have taken phloe there. They find s" ilrlods, telegraphs, an effective police, a egood army. publio schools, a much improved general intelligenoce, and many other features .,of modern aivilsation in place of the seml .arbarlem of the formerperiod. The Rouman. eas, o• the other bhnd, are surprised at the s-peror dlalpline, lntelligenoo, and material o. the Boassan troops aes oompared with those ef poat desa. The latter are reqluired to pre erve perfect order and to pay esrupolously =r all rtioles proeored. In hie anoonot of a vieit to the anoe in the -spiease Island of Te0so, the Rev. W. Den. alag thes describes the formal ualotation in among the natives: "The young man riew pp exactly oppoeite the old mue, and ap lased each other in the face in theo mot meanenor; they then extended their euem,,a raised them till on a level with a otLher'srhe; then with eyes cat down ward they eommanoed rubbnlag their hands, old mu I'na low tone addressing a longl of reting to the other, who ooostonally dak e gl bhie aged friend to see when be *es going to ooeelad with the oanal estroke the had; wbhoh after a while be did, and osrg man simulanoeouly seperated hise briging them down one after the other pheard." e are pleased to se that even in these dull A iwaysesutausir bslaees our well-known _ n _ renes, EIq.. oneslnues talerease. Skis, est * ab weaorir"d at, r. me has a et bsIderm ad geaseel hardware, - ; a h Serstallg guss ate., MM M~himeta 1315m uAI. L w5 . (D]bunI Nstion. May 19th º THU TIPPLRART LLECTION. The Tipperary electioo ended au we ao ticipated. The Caseyites declared war on 4 the Home Role movement, and the consti- r tuency has struck back by placing the Home Rule candidate at the head of the poll. Mr. Dwyer Gray obtained, on Moo- i day, 858 votes, while his opponent polled only 844. The significance of these numbers cannot be mistaken, nor can the h fact be overlooked that the Home Roleh vote on' this oeeesion was greater than at a either of the two last elections in " the • premier county." It should be added that, a notwithstanding the busy season of the year, the electors thronged to the booths tn ooprecedentedly leasge numbers, and that, except in one or two places, where P the friends of the defeated candidate con ducted themselves in a turbulent manner, the utmost quiteness marked the final stage t of the contest Bnt Tipperary has not only returned t Mr. Gray to Parliament, but now seems ti inclined to pay the expenses of his election. Immediately after the declaration of the n poll on Wednesday, in Clonmel, a meeting a of leading and irf!centia! electors was a held, at which practical steps were taken g to this end, and before it separated a con siderable sum of m .ney was actually sub P scribed. Mr. Gray, who was invited to be present at s late stage of the proceedings, ° expressed his unwillingness, under ordinary a circumstances, to allow any portion of the a cost of the contest to fall upon the county ; but be admitted that the circumstances whlobh actually occurred were quite excep. tional, and be, asoordingly, thanked his friends for the resolution they had taken. ' For ourselves, we hold, as we have always held, that it would be well if the constit encies charged themselves more frequently than they do with the legitimate election a expenses of their representatives-it would be better both for themselves and for their a representatives; and that tisle particular C case is one in waich the popular champion 9 should be " borne harmless' as the phrase is, we think very few will deny. IRISH BUSINISa IN I'ARLIAMENT. Yet another piece of British obstruction of Irish business! On Wednesday Sir Colman O'Logblen moved the second read- i ing of a bill to introduce the ballot at the election of Poor Law Guardians to Ireland. The necessity for such a measure is evi dent to every person acquainted with stairs in the provinces, and it was abun- I dantly demonstrated on this occasion by the member for Clare, by Mr. McCarthy Downing, and Captain Nolan. But, as t might have been expected, Mr. Stephen Moore, the representative of the 700 Tories n in Tipperary, and Mr. Bruen of Carlow, opposed the second reading, and to please the anti-Irish landlord faction represented by those two gentlemen, Sir M. H. Beach 1 followed suit and got the bill thrown out, though it was evident that it was sup ported by a majority of the Irish represen tation. Two other Irish uneasuren-Mr. Biggar's Franchise Extensiin Bill and Dr. Ward's Fisheries Ball-also occupied good places on the ord rs of the day for Wedres day, but they .had to be astandoned bu ceause they had not been print ed! How they caileo niot to be piinted Is, csal"re per sons will, perhaps, thidk, a rmatter con cernitg whichl explanation is derir.bte. - -q'netrly-aotable piece of -jruliamentary news this week is the annouucemeut to garding the arrangement alleged to have been arrived at between the Iome Rule party and Sir M. H. Beach, regarding- the progress of Irish b usiness in the House of Commoutr. The story as told-by i Liberal organ is that the government lime practi cally confessed itself beaten by Mr. Parnell and Mr Biggar, and proposes ' a length ened armistice, tf not an absolute tresty o.f peace." The arrangement, we are told, is to the effect that, " in consideration of the Irish members refraining from obstructive proceedings, such measures relating to Ireland as are objected to by Home Rule members will not be taken up till after the 5-h June, while the Government will en deavor to obtain an early day alter the Whitsuntide holidays for the discussion on the second reading of Mr Butt's University Bill" Whether all thIs is true, we know not; but, assuming the accuracy of the statement, we are not quite convinced that the Government will t.ot have the best of the bargain. If, indeed, there, were good reasons for believing that tile Goverinmrnt meant to do anything more in regaid to Mr. Butt's bnll t au a llo,w a diacsaon t on it, the negotiators on the Irish side would have a good deal to say fur themselves; but we are not aware that such a supposi tion is we'l fotlntldd. AliCII)DCACON REDtMONI). f This day's Frseeman contains the follow ing notice of the death of this amiable and respected dignitary of the diocese of Dublin: "A remarkable man has just pass ed from our midst, the Very Rev. Archidea con Redmond, P.P, of Arkiow, Vicar Forane, and Archdeacon of Glendalough. The lamented deceased was born near the beginning of the present century (180i ) in the parish of Newtownbarry, county Wex ford. His uncle, the Rev. Aidan Redmond, was parish priest of Arklow, and there the nephew was educated at the Rev. Mr. Bar rs s classical school, then in repute as an educational, establishment. Subsequently I he entered Maynoothl College, and was or dained in the year 1827. He was at first sent as curate to the perish of BIsuchards town, diocese of Doblin, to which he had been affiliated. After a short period he was transferred to Arklow, under his ven erable relative. In 1&4 his uncle died, and Dr. Murray, the late venerated Archbishbop of Dublin, immediately appointed the nephew as successor. Full of energy and eloquence, the young parish priest, who had thrown himself with ardor into the tithe, subsequently engaged in the land and other popular questions of the day. The present line Catholic church at Arklow, which he commenoed in 1858, and rapidly finished, will long last as an enduring mon umentof unceasing perseverarnce and uc-1 eeusful devotion to work in hand. For years his voice and pen were well known to a large circle of the public.. liad he lived till Quarter Tense, next December, Ih;Wonld have completed half a century lthe tsacred ministry. He was engaged in work to the very day os his death; but a complication of inflammation of the lungs and bronchitis, under which he had been I labouring for some days, proved too much for his excellent constitution, and he sur rended his soul to hie Maker's hands on the morning of Tueeday, May 15,1877. £ll kinds ef Idmqay4 asg~ieq geedsaI Tis eIRISHME or AUOvUTA, OA., SPAK. w At a recent meeting of Irishmen in An- a gusts, Ga., the following preamb:e and resolutions were adopted: d WaszAas, elf-gcrvernamet with all its ti blessings and benefits, ie the inalienable L right of the people of Ireland, a right G which they have never relloquisbed, bus of C which they have been deprived by force, m fraud and corruption eombined; rod where- at as we, the Irishmen of Augusta, Georgia, se sympatbising deeply with oar countrymen n at home in their eforts to regain tbia ines timable right, and whereas by reason of the present condition of affairs in Europe, aI the time is most opportune for a public ex- w pression of our sentimeate on this impor- hi tant subject; be it therefore Besolved, That while we are mindful of w the duties we owe to this Great Republic the home of our adoption-we will never P' cease to love the land of our birth, and to m take an interest to everything that per L tainus to her welfare, endeared as she is to us by the memories of bher former glories, v and by the blood which our forefathers p abed in defence of her liberties. To our gallant brethren at home we tender our t warmest sympathy, and we trust that their persevering stroggleesfor self government. 11 will, at no distant day, be rewarded with complete success. In this emergency we are ready to assist them to the best of our ability in any possible way that may be suggested. at Resolved, That the "Union," after a hI trial of seventy seven years, has utterly w failed of attaining the object for which ce it was ostensibly enacted, to wit: To ti bind the people of Great Britain and b Ireland in a closer bond of friendship a and interest; that the Irish people were a never more united, or mere determined in is their demand for national autonomy; that ti nothing less than a compliance with this o demand will satisfactorily settle the "Irish fe question," and that England most restore it this right if instead of a discontented el and disaffected Ireland she would pre'er fi to have the friendship and alliance of a es brave and generous people. Resolved, That we heartily sympathize F with those brave spirits who still languish It in prison for daring to think that Ireland V should be free, a crime, if crime it be, of g which we are.all guilty alike; and that we recommend Her Majesty's Government to order their immediate selease as a pre- I liminary peace offering to the people of ii Ireland. c Resolved, that we cordially invite our P countrymen in every part of the world to c publish their opinions on this question, in a order that our position in tuis critical tl juncture in European ffailis may be fully I understood, and that these resolutions be b published in the Irish and Irish-American a newspapers. t t The Colonization movement among the Irish Catholics of the North is taking prac- i tical form and already we read of the t transfer ,f numbers of families from the coal niins oft Pennsylvania and the large 4 cities of the East, to settlements in North t Carolina, Texas and Arkansas. St. Lc iis hlas also organized a Clnization Society , with a capital of $25,000, and a clergyman with two of the most respected merliants t of that city are now in Texas prospecting a with a view to the purchase of a large tract of land to be resold tn small farms to those ( of their countrymen who w'ts to settle in the country. In a recent number of the Philadelphia Standard, we find an inter- I esating letter from Mr. Charles Boyle, of Western Texas, from which we make the following extracts : I am happy to inform you that our Cole ny (Brehony) in Western Texas is in a prosperous condition. Seven families nom bering thirty-two persons having joined us I during the last six weeks. It is about seventeen hundred miles from Philadelphia, Pa., to Harrisburg, Texas, the eastern terminus of the Sun Set Route, it requires about four days to go there by t rail and costs about $33 00. The cost to b f New Philadelphia seventy miles distant C 1 from Harrisburg, is about $35 00, and to t L ulting about one hundred and seventy miles west and near the Father Brehony t Colony, is about $40 00. Land vartes in price from two to twenty dollars per acre and may generally.be bought for one third S cash and the balance in one or two years. a Tte climate, is neither too hot in Sum- I mer nor so co:d in Winter, as that of Penn sylvania. I have been informed by Mr. I Patrick Walsb, of Luling, Texas, formerly ' c of Mexico, that both he and his working a cattle suffered more from heat in one day I in Missouri, than they did all last summer r in Texas. He made forty-two bushels of I corn per acre and six bales of cotton on e nine acres; the first cotton he ever saw grow. He says that any person who can plant corn, can plant cotton. lie receives fifty cents per bushel for his corn, and fifty a dollars a bale for his cotton. One man can attend to ten acres of corn a and ei ht acres of cotton, and it is the best y country in the world for a man with a family. A child ten or twelve years old I , can pick as much cotton as a man, and . make more money in three months, than a d boy twelve years old can in a whole year e on the coal-breakers in Pennsylvania, be sides the bappiness of breathing the pure I d air, and not requiring fifty per cent, of the p clothing, also being of infinite pleasure to e the parents, that the minds of their dear j children are not pointed by the foul lan s guage and obscene practices of those in the e city or town factory. I Texas is no place for twenty-one year e old babies or children in pantaloons, but manly men and sensible women do 7 better here than anywhere else than I Sknow of. Its cheap and rich lands, with Sclimate where crope are continnually grow r ing, where cattle, swine and poaltry thrive a without any attention from the hand of Sman. There are thousands of acres of improved Sland to rent, at from three to seven dollars d per acre cash, or half the crop, the farmer ta lornishing everything except provisions for s the family. Practical farmers do well on a those terms; but the man who has a few h hundred dollars to boy his own team, farm ing implements, and proviasions, until the n crop is made, does better. He only gives a third of the corn and one-fourth of the eot ton as rent. A man with rfive handreddol Slartbhe ther, eas buy hie owa 14a, a4d atemeats and eonditions of different 1 families that I had the pleasure to eonverse with, that Texas is the best eoountry in the world for either man with or without money; but as I said before, he must be mas who goesh there without money. I assore you that we have had no little e dienalty in settling in our colony, but I had I the extreme pleasure to hear Conaghan, Lucid, Conners, Doran, and others, thank God that they left the coal mines. Youni Conagbno, who farms with bis father, told me it was the nicest work be had ever done, and said if he got the best job in Penn sylvania and his fare paid htek he would not go. In another part of tles letter Mr. Boyle speaks of the New Philadelphia Coleony, t which is entirely distinct from bhis (re bony), and which is also doing remarkably well. We hope that some day or other our people will awaken to the importance of I making efforts to attract emigrants to Louisiana, which f ifers greater natural ad vantages than Texas, but the apathy dis- I played in all quarters on the subject E makes aus fear that the work will be left to the next generation. TWHAT A MISSISSIPPI PAPRB 81AYB OF THBE STAR. (Viceaburg Herald. June 6ih) Mr. John M. Touhey, Traveling Agent and Correspondent of the New Orleans MORNING STAR AND CATHOLIC MESSaNGER, will be in the city for a few days, and we commend him to the favorable considera tion of our citizens. The MORNING STAR has a number of subscribers in this com- mounity, and is noted for its excellence as a newspaper and the ability with which it is edited. Although as religious publicsa tion, teaching and inculcating the doctrines of the Catholic faith, it has always mani fested great interest in affairs of the State in which citizens of all classes are inter ested and has been an outspoken champion I for the doctrines and policy that have re sualted in putting into power the present ·overnments of Mississippi and Louisiana. For tllhis reason it has had, and should have, many readers of all denominations. We cordially endorse the paper and its gentlemanly agent. THE ISRAELITES OF TIHE UNITED STATES. The Board of Delegates of American Israel ites appointed a committee last year to collect information concerning the Jewish I population of the United States, their 1 congregations, schools, and charirtale in- I stitutions. This committee reported in the convention that was held in Now I York last week. Some of its estimates, based upon returns as yet incomplete, I are surprising, if they prove to be I true. The entire Jewish ponulation of the country they place at 250 000, and the I value of all the synagogues and con gregational property at less than $6,000,001. They have found 341 congregations, and the meubership of the four aRcret orders, founded for purposes of charity iard nutu- t al easistance, is computed at a little over I 40,000 Estimating the imen to hbe one in five of the entire po ulation, these orders would appear to contain four flfclhrs of all the male adult Israelites in tire conotry. The Jewish population of New York city is placed at 60,000--a figure considerably below the usual etim4 tes As to the valu- I ation of the synagogues and congregational I ptroperty, the many costly edifices in New i York, Baltimore, St. Louis, Chicago, and I Cincinnati make that, appear incredible. I And with 341 congregations, many socie ties not so formally organised, and many I individuals who belong to no associated i body, a total population of only 250,000 would make the average congregation very small indeed. The Israelites both of America and Europe, are unceasing in their efforts to secure relief and protection for tthe perse cuted children of their race in other lands, and to educate and improve the Ilsa en lightened and the impoverished and help less in the ways of indo try, thrift, and order. THRiE MERItY NIGHTS IN ALGIERs.--The teachers and profes.ors of the Catholic School, aided by the ladies of Algiers, will gave an entertainment a. Conciliation Ball, on the I tb, 14th and 15th Inst., for the benefit of the schbool fund. The entertainments will cone'st of concerte, charades, tableaux, songs. reci tations. etc. Mother Gooee will be on hand with all her youthfol progeny, who will re:form wonders in melody. 'This famous old matron has a troopof both sexes in training by a celebrated ro'lsh exile, who will sence them to perform the March oever the Balkans.' led by the boy drummer of the Danube and the Ron manian Vivandiere. There will be many prfemlonals from tie city, who will take part in the entertainment. and a pleasant time is expected. The Morgan Brass Band will farnish the munesio. Admission fee. 25 cents; two children admitted on one ticket. There will be refreshment tables provided. Doors open at 7 P. a., performance commences at 7:30 P. . ASTONISHING PRIcze.-Anything in the line of prices will have to be very lotw to be stall astonish. ing, for the bottom long since seems to have been knocked out of everythlng, and a man or wcman with cash in hand has for some time been enabled to get almost any article for about his own price But with ehob enterpisingl merchants as the Danaigers in the field, there is no telllng what will happen next. xx perlenced and wide awake themselves, they keep men of the same stripe waltching the markets North and in Europe all the time to pick up all the advantageous bargains that may ifer, and hence, buying to wonder. fInl advantage, they can cad do sell at astonishingly low prices. In proof of this, we point to the list published in theircolumn edvertlsement whlch appears on our fifth page. Let the ladies call and examine for them a:ves or, in cases of persona living outside the lcity. send for samples. TO THE RICII.-Aa you are going to spend the nsummer at Pas (;hriesttian. B!lxl, arategaor eome other fashionable resort, it wuld pay yen well to store your elegant furittre li see perf ctly semne place. We aungest the stOireooma of our pOueI fread, Mr. W. B. Ringrose. ITS1 Camp street He bha ample arcoanmmocdatlona and charges little for astorage. To rua Pocn--Now is the time to get fnatture cheap, as busiuesm generally is bad., ad the furuiture men need money. Mr. Bpiagros. IT Camp street, is eel.ing scod parlor and bidroom sets at cost pries. Call and examine. The many friends of Mr. James P. O'Brien willl b pleased to aes, by a card whicoh appears on the 5th pagte of to day'e reTAa, that hehas gone into business on his own account at No. 641 Mageztne astreet, under the Upper OCIty Hotel. He has a Scne stock of first clas Sgood, eonseltating of the beet winee and liquors, tea, Stotacc, etc., on hand. which he offers at reasonable prices. Mr. O'Brien Is a yoang man of Intelligence asS targe basas espeireoe, and with his extenaes tetme we bas.e desbt be wti nee wa ith ; aaaehnflilald i a A TBHE LADOVNERBB OF GBBREAT BBRITAIN AND IRELAND, (ew erk ass' Juns 3.) One of the most important events of the time is the Parliamenotary inquiry, now completed, Into th diestribution of real property in Great Britala. What invests this achievement with pesuliar interest is the fact that sines the eompilation of the Domesday Book uader Willian the Nor- r man, nothing like It has been aecomplished. Before citing, howevor, some of the more striking results, it is proper to note that I the present registration does not repro- I dune all the useful features of its unique and time-honored exemplar. It by no means contemplated a survey of all publie and private domains, a precise determina tion of their selling or renting value, a der I tailed statement of the kinds of culture employed, or a separation of improved l from non-improved property. It aimed simply at an approximate estimate of the number of landowners in the United King dom, together with the amount and value of their holdings. " For this purpose resort was bad to the existing schedules of the Poor Law and Income Tax Commission era, and the report lately presented to Par liament may be regaraed as an abstract some particulars, yet on the whole suffi ciently exhanstive and correct. We should premise further that neither London and the built-up district encircling the metrop olis, nor waste lands, common lands, for ests, parks and pleasure grounds. fell within the scope of the inquiry; and that the Irish rents, being computed upon an appraisement of many years ago, do not furnish anso adequate measure of present values. But we are enabled to answer the capital question, who owns the arable soil of Great Britain t The aggregate of real property in the three kingdoms, excluding the kinds of land above specified, somewhat exceeds seventy.two millions of acres. Or this total supeificies we find that 348 proprie tors, those, namely, ; hose estates several ly comprise twenty thousand acres or more, engross nearly a quarter, or in ex act figures 17,300,000 acree. Next we note that 2,198 proprietors who individu ally own five thousand acres or upward are collectively credited with about thirty four million acres, or one-half of the whole area. A somewhat larger category, yet still inconsiderable-in point of.numbers, to wit, the 10,900 landowners who possess one thousand acres-or more, is actually master of fifty-two million acres, or more than two thirds of the entire arable surface of the United Kingdom. It appears that the remaining third is shared between 1,160, 000 small proprietors, whose average hold ing does not exceed seventeen acres. These figures undoubtedly confirm the prevailing impression regarding the ab sorption of British soil by great sland owners, but a scrutiny of this report in more aetail reveals a fact for which we were lees prepared, namely, that this mon opnoy Is far Itss decisive in England than in Scotland and Ireland. I bhus, in Scot land, there are twenty four proprietors, and three in Ireland, each of whom pos et eres one hundred thousand acres or up ward, whereas in England there is olly one ,ian who controls so wide an area. Again, the aggregate territory belonging to the twelve largest English landowners is ccmpnted at about one million acres ; the property of the twelve foremost Irish landowners reaches nearly a million and a third; while twelve real estate magnates in Scotland have among them not less than four and a third millions of acres, or about one quarter of the whole area of that, kingdom. There is one Scottish land. owner who controls one and a third million acres, or more than the sum of the estates belcnging to the twelve greatest proprie tors in England or in Ireland, and we may add that the same man possesses a consid erable property-sone thirty thousand acres-south of the border. To point in another way the contrast between the several divisions of the United Kingdom we may say that England has one landed proprietor for every twenty inhabitants, Scotland one for every twenty five, and Ireland one in seventy nine in habitants. In England, too, the mean area of each holding is only 33 acres, in Scotland it is 143, and in Ireland not less than 293 acres. It is to be noted, likewise, that wiii the whole English soil is divided among nearly a million owners, the num ber of freeholders in Scotland is bnt 132,000, and in Ireland not more than 69,000. If, finally we leave out of view those who possess htss than an acre, and ta.ke into account only such as have one acre i r more, we observe that England has one proprietor in 72 inhabitants, Scotland one in 176 and Ireland one in 166. Of 1,173,000 landowners in the three kingdoms, it seems that 850,000 command less than a single acre, while the remainder belongs to a more fortunate class. When we turn to the relative values of land in the several parts of the United Kingdom, we fled the difference singular ly favorable to England. Looking. for instance at the income from rents of the twelve largest properties in each of the three countries, we see that the mean rev enue per acre is about $5.62 in England, but only 81 30 in Ireland, and scarcely eighty cente in Scotland. Again, the average return from his estate to each English holder of lard is eatimated at five hundred dollars, against seven hundred I for his Scottish and nearly a thousand for his Irish compeer. Let us take now a single landowner in each of the three kingdoms, and mark the annual in come of his estate. The foremost ter ritorial magnate of England has less than a hundred and ninety thousand acres, whichb, however, bring him eight hundred and sixty thousand dollars. On the other hand, the million and a third of acres be longing to his great Scottish rival yield an aggregate of just three hundred and forty thousand dollars. According to a very faulty appraisement, the largest Irish pro prietor is still worse off, since his 170,000 acres are said to be worth lem than fifty thousand dollars a year. Such, in some of its striking asiects, is the condition of real property in the Brit ish Islands. We do not propose to discuss its untoward features or the remedies suog Sgested; neither can we dwell on other ci Srious details which are brought out in this Sreport. We would point out, however, r that none of the facts cited justify the con Sclusion that the laws now in force further the accumulation of real property in a few Shands. They do not vindicate the infer Sence, beeause there are no meaes of com ison betwoee the $ number of or dimainialied elne, we rlepell- i tables which we have just now' constitute the ol dooeuistoS kind which bve been propeped with. eight hundred yearc AxUALr 8TATamunrr or 2r33 Oamomsr 1i. arauasca CourarM.-- n oeurawvUsttlg edlumvstB Solud be t8th aanaul statemeint $ i ee1& . e.ammUsoral ad saannolal i uMeitem, SA heJat anything else hbumpan, know no deedaeifneaMtt1t -Idma,. emoh year adding to bher stresm g - eomldeaotkhe publ e have in them. M iMt Cresout whiok ia emef the e1ett iL us a. M .s n3as* eeupanyla she eity. With thU1ae -ipf year. the veserable Prsident. Mr. Tlhe. ,A.Ad4ll . and the ceerteeao Ferstasry, Reery O h-a, *t.. unite all the pregressiw eaergy yIth. mA. Y mu their able diroetieo the Cree.er nleSeit. qtredeve e faillity and advanatgs In the rasmtel a eas.. or~end by the younger ocmpsaias, white tie namn_*, toe spirit of age guards their satrstalmeweep alil. FNoANCLo £1 C0 3'RIAL M l t3 ' Purmte, Jane S, UW·r., FI--uCIL -Quotetlono-Zmes p = o-0-16t-l0...Pt - 0ons per anemi Al do. 0 to 106 mo-e I - tI rat, ecls trIa. d.0 1.6 peto ooIpasItaa - ,i ood-&raltdol to I5; Gold lt"to lSjim6lo a MO.t .lql, anod 9Maieale doIar aimtom;45 Iteorlng 10d to 511, lo.bk doto -80 .5 b. aImlk iog rate on Now V *ft I per cOal penfte . OONMum~tAL.. . ." Corrol-Week'sa .elp 6P Sm blsao !/ 66: ;Y an-malme 17,400. Stock troAtaorn 193 sIDMIs--,.'" sioe spt 1t, 1,1200 ble8, Iagalr l Ihe -doae aioa lU5t baela. laoelpes 00 all pasta,2.U bale.. nagaias 4.0,0,764 lasat r e -deaueJUhI Stooka as all ports, 968,8315 los againaa 1M Yoar-dec Wrooan 90. r 7h oepoY Les TOaCcc- Ix moderalo ioie id f . sand Factory Loo nowminal; I LOW 4 to db G4W 4o 53 to01; Low Iwaaf t 10; M.4ts. Leal ,t * 11 GoodIeao 11 to 12, F~ns Loaf 12 Soit 195 Seleteo 80316 I : ---a.uwAC'vh.- ToaacoO.--izallamrtnlstW6I 6 Snt U 01070NU; Jino CMedium Ohto Oh 00MFe'4Im0 NI +" Coanoon bdond 4t to 10; D hI qo a Gum. m5o Gedaium451to0 Bright Navyý oand S., Ito N Black owee; 41 to 510; o. 1, 8 and 18 Black awe 4t to106; Navy lb. 31 to 56e' Navy Ida 461 to1ll8 b "y et lea. Natural Leaf Twist Packag 6et 8610 c. Loluaba..-Commtoo Ojepaj ponds Fair"50 byuy~lr~rr ~ 1101 Wbol~O~n Fully Fair fo; Prima Pio; Yellow 1 1I Ul I do. 120 to450 per gal; Fair--to Suo; Pm -ne0-8to S W y LYuOWEA Mro~amct.-Pxrtlceo aemloal.Comma 'ormo - to 70; Choice -0to o. IktltxD SuoAgs.-Cr-a-hd, Powdered and GrIa* olated 1i to lt1 peir lb; 1b.1 Last -1tO 13 iOLDaIx brUr.-At wholesale. S00 o 8 per gallon. "; -Rica -Lo.ilaoa, No.2. 4o 45o per 1Ib Cmmon - to10; FaIr- ton ; uolly Fair-- toi6.,Prm toIqj. FlbutUt--upernue- -- to06 00 per bbl/ DeablOlx_ 80 h t1 025; Low TreobleExta$6 160 to63; BGoodrob.e Extra 17 n0 to 67 50 Choice Treble lExtra 7 71 to 8 i5; Choice Oxtrm 68 at to 9 25. and 5- to -- for Choin Famlly Extra. Colaukazt--Jobbing at -- to 6330 per bbl. Wbl'a naling at 4- to 3Iv4. Clox 181 SccA -Wblte Mixed - to 490 per b ol; Yellow Mixed i- to S3c; Choice Yellow - to 61, ad White - to 6c .. - OATS-Ordinary - to --; St. Loula - to 510; 00105 - to S2c; Texas - to -o. BOs--CboLce - to t loper it0 lb. MA--Ordtoary 614 10totiS to per ton; Prim - to - 16. and Choice 64- to I3. PouK-Meoajobbin g t il5 00 to 11 50 per bbl. -CoN--boolderv jobbing at - to 6o der lb; Clear Rib tide. - to aoe, sad Clear Sides - to ft. Dar OALTmD Jua.--Slonldern jobbing at 5c i; Clear -ib Slide e5c; Clear bidee -to 9o. SUGAn-U.UUlD HAstU-Large 9 to 10; MediumO 1 0 10; lSmad I to 011. Lo-o-Tierce oetined jobbing at P} to 99o per Ib - BKeg it to lt0c. BOzrEAKsT BAcos--Jobbing at 9 to 950 per lb. .BktI-k]iltou Market 5- to 1 50 per bbl; Texas 61 tO l1 t da, Westetrn gI to 15 50. BlI'Ths-(bolts New York Gosene 14 to 250 per lb Medium - to - Inferior- 1to-c ; Choirc Wetm. - to -o ; lledium 14 1o 17C; Interior l1 to 120 per lb. CHtEbs-Clhoice Western Iuto lit; IewYork Cress Ito to 168." OitLO-linseed Oil-Botw 74 to 725, Befined 75 to7gc per gallon. itelrdied Coal Ol-30 to 3 in aneo, per gal and US to 250 in tbis. Lard Oil--3c to 65 noper grlon. CastorOil - to llt perlb.. CottonSeedOl-t-ruda -to -; tlned- --to --c per gil. -paLT-Deader' rates: Care, 587 to S9c per osak. Fino SI 0 to I1 1o. Turk's Iland. la to .c per two buasie bag. Pocket's Table alt, 1 to 5 accordt to nmI. boAr-Western, 41 to Sc per 16; German Olive, Sic; -Maguolt-5;rxxP 0 imratle. 30. . . Coring -Job lota; Ordinary 171 to I88 golds Fair 193 to tUc; wood 901 to 010; Prime 91 to l1. . IFUITe AND l UBOJ-Lemon, $J 00 to o p0 pr botLar Raising $1 s0to 1765; Bananas 103 to 6800 par bsaeb1 -!imue It ol ,Yl Po]r .,nM IItto "Jorlb Citron, - to 2c per Ib; Currant, -to-c; Brai Not. 1tl0; Almonds, 19 1020; Filbert., 11 10o 13c; DalMe. 20; Couuanots. 6--to3 per lu. Pecan.--to1011 PFS uto Ilt o 4 per 1i; Orang. 600 per 0ltl PotCIET-- We erti bikens, Orown I- to 450 par d-mn; Yoeung 6l 5 to 3 l 1 Dock. 63 10 to 930; le00 6- to 5 t:"; Turlkeys ts tO 106. oons-Weeteor Ii so 136 peLrdoon *; Loaiana 161 to 17c. £5cULEIxI AlD G)uZs VtOTxa1Ea-Potato-- 64 00 to064 25 Cabbage. 6- to 6- per oale 1 boar Presa 6*310 to O4l 454 per bbl; Unl10386-SOS 50; Apples $3 II 1o 84 0. ras AtD PZAs--Western Bean - to Sec per .lb . Northern - to 4in per b I; Green Peas - 1t03 er eib; Cow Peas - ton lo per bushel for Mixed, nl -- to-1 9 25 for Clay. ks YttrTr--Applee -0 to 4IO per Ilb; lPeache, -e. Moeo--Black - to 4o per b ; Gray 1 to 1t; bray sad BlacTk mnxed e to 3c. Wool-Lou siaM a Clear, - to 1 i6per lb; Clear Lako. 0' to13; Jtorry, 15 1to16 Texas - to-. Buota-D)ry Salted, 1 to 1*; Country Green. -8 40 1 Dry Flint, ,:t to 140. lalow, 2 tO 2IO per i, COTON Sh - to I w 1i per ton. h CooroiA on-Molaae bbla., SI 50; Sugar h bds. --to O 9ti; Albd. Poles. t31to 40 per thousand.lbl. do., 5. loou CTTrON ITIt-Arrow Ti. 13 36 per bondlo Bead Brother and Branch, Crook Co. 13 50; Drake Flournoy's s10 per 1b; Philip Wire Tie 8e per lb. BtAolzo-lomeotlo Jute and hemp, - to 130 Wry yard. Indla, -to 11. Gunny Bags-lSO eash In 10tto and lie, renewed; Baling " wine - to 140 par lb l100. NAVAL rTOaert--''ar 6 to S3 73 Aitl 0--- to 148 40; Rosin 1 85 to 400; Turpentine37 to 400 per gallon.. Love STUCK-Texls Beevee, lit quaity, -- :o00 35 do, 625_Lo035:: 3d, 15 to 015. Western do -- to -- Prime Rogo 5o to be 11 B; 'omnmondo., - to 6 Sleep. la tquality, 5 to 06; d., 6 to 4 0 3d do., 61 to 503 , ll.ih Cows-choice, 475 to 8,; orineary do.; O60to1o0. JCalvs . 1 to i9. Yearlings. 18 to L184 UOTFN IbD~ t~ll ~tI. LOUIdviA A DIVISION ARMY NORTHERN VIRGINIA. GRAND LOTTERY FOR THE BENEFIT OF ITS TOMB FUND. Prizes. 1. ullo' a painting, Lee and Jackson at Chancellors Itlle. 2. Julio'l painting, Pfferaro-Italian Bagpiper. .. Bedouin OhletlBedoiln. 4. Reid' - Gen. B. B. Lee. 5 Baecker' Landcape. 6 Julio' -- Storm--Lon-ulan 05eney. 7. Louitsana scenery. 1orman Peasant Children. 19. i. - . -. t8tdles from Nature. 15. " - Mischief. 1. - - Muns Efects. 17. 1i0 Engravings, Lee and Jackeon atlObaneolloerasvi ' 118 prisee i Tickets sI e. N. 1.--Snce Ihe issue of ticket. aupplemssb l :.. pns have been added. The pis can be saen at tbs stadlo 2 . Jlew o. s Ceroadelee street. krr i Se pe bla sea*sgssts to call aud uamine is same.. Tlokem for sDale at J.Uo's studio, S Calrodelt __t. W. B. rlsenpetsr',. 0l Cump asireeto Isa 156 n steet. I4Ip ADVERTISING RATES OF THE "STAE.' I One Two Thze iz I 050 So8UASma. M'tk. Wb'tb Mi'kbe M'lk6ejw Two'. ............... $ 10 $3 2t 9 Four ................... 15 7 4 I I aseen ............... 40 I130/ 100 l|o I a Thirty ................ 1 1 0 Tzsameinter;ertione.ut, i1 60 perequnieeee' .S' tsratlon. -aus