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Morning Star and Catholic Messenn er.
NEW OgrT.A5S, SSu"-AT, AUGUST t 115* i rlr azl rrnr assRAII I II Or r·AT, TEE IBIBS IN ENGLAN D AND THE IRISH c POLICY. s UxTIECrs 1ROM SPEzCHEs OP PARNgLL, mOGAR AND o'coxxOB POW R. ] During the last week of July the above t named gentlemen, who have so distin guished themselves in Parliament recently, i visited Liverpool and Manchester, and ad- c dressed immense meetings of their coun- n trymen. n In Manchester r MR. BIGGAR described at length the constitution of for mer Parliaments, and said that the sympa shies of the members were mostly with the rich is opposed to the people. In the aver age House of Commons there was not much earnestness, tenacity of purpose, or strong e conviction; they. simply did what was pleasant for the time being, what gave a them little trouble, and what satisfied their constituents. If the Irish party had been are in favor of certain things for Ireland, we think these things can be carried by p determined action, and we shall subordin ate every consideration of personal com- a fort, of standing well with a hostile audi ence, of pleasant and social parties with whom we come in contact, whether En Bgish Catholics or Protestants"-they would --lngr-ioha-got annh thinesv arish men wanted and would have (cheers). r Irishmen must take care to All their con stituencies with men who would work for those ends. They had failed to carry measures which they thought would be for the benefit of Ireland, supported though such measures had been by sound argu- f ments and facts, and one of the reasons for that failure was because the.prejudicees of the assembly was against them. Another reason was because the House of Commons, t as a rule, would not hear argument. The Irish people should say to their represen- t tatives, '-Don't you do as you have been doing-going to evening parties and dinner parties, and entirely neglecting your duty in Parliament." If the Irish members did their duty they would not require to ob struct, and to push the forms of the House to anything like their limit, and they would get what they pleased. On the 3rd of July a determined fight was made against the voting of a large sum of money at a late -hour, and the result was a fight which the Irish party won, and in which they covered t themselves with glory. The practical ef fect of that was that Mr. Batt had been enabled to get a day for the discussion of his University Education Bill, when pre viously he bad never been enabled to get any concession from the Government. If the whole sixty Irish Home Rule members were in earnest they would be omnipotent and could do what they liked in the House (applause). MR. PARNELL said at the close of the last session he and Mr. Biggar had determined to show by what two men could do how much could be done by sixty if they would act indepen dently and bravely, having a true percep tion of the responsible position in which they were placed. They had not, however, done one-tenth part of what they might ----have done, by the advice of their leader; and the meeting was to guard itself against supposing that they were in any way to measure what they bad done by what they might have done during the present ses sion if their hands had not been tied. It was a remarkable thing that for the first time in the history of Irish members they had succeeded in everything they had un dertaken (applause). They had been charged with obstruction by English mem bers. He did not fear the charge of ob struction (applause), and he thought the time would come, and had come, when the Irish people would have to consider whether their representatives should not next ses sion enter upon a ddliberate and persistent course of obstruction of English measures -(applause)-se long as English states men and Englishmen continued to obstruct and nullify all their attempts on behalf of Ireland. He thought they might have ex pected from the managers asd directors of English newspapers, who assumed to oc cupy a high intellectual position, some bet ter knowledge of causes and effects than - was shown in charging them with obstruc tion. He said deliberately that they had never obstructed, or under any circumstan ces endeavored to obstruct, the proper transaction of business of any kind. Those present might ask: "Why don't you ob struct their business I" They only desired to show that they had the power to do such things if they wished. Their action had been very simple. It had been based upon a careful observation of parliamen tary methods and occurrences during three years of study. They had seen that no measures interesting the English people were passed without full discussion and examination of their various parts. Unfor tunately they had no opportunity of de voting their exertions to measures for Ire land because no measures had been put forward for Ireland by the English Gov ernment (shame). During the past ses sion Ireland had exactly three quarters of an hour of the time of the Gov ernment, Scotland had had exactly five mindte--(laughter)-whilst England had all the rest. In that way he explained why they did not act upon Irish questione; but they did the next best thing-they acted upon English questions (cheers and laugh ten the motion of Mr. Leonon, Salford, seconded by Mr. O'Dwyer, Manchester, it was resolved "That the policy hitherto pursued by the Home Rule party having resulted in utter and entire fallure, the interests of the nation and the dignity of national representation imperi ously demand the immediate commencement of a more vigorous and combative policy." MEETING IN LIVERPOOL. The chairman in opening the proceedings, said that they had come there to meet the leaders of the National party-the men whom of all others the National party trusted, the men who best represented the National idea, and represented it in that place where it needed to be represented. Although Ireland had had its representa tives in the House of Commons for the past seventy-seven years, it was only within the last couple of years that Irish power was iepresented there. It was time that the power the Irish representatives had in their hands should be used for other pur poses than making eloquent speeehee; and a motioo "that the peaker do leave the chair" or " that progress be reported" had more influence on British legislation and I won more respect for Irishmen in the I House of Commons than all the eloquence I of Barke, Grattan, and O'Connell (loud I applause). MR. CIGGAR said that in Parliament he and his col leagues spoke not their own opinions but the opinion of the great mass of the people who sent them there, and they were able to speak with a certain amount of author ity which in their individual capaeity they could not pretend to do. If their argu ments were not correct they were not en titled to consideration, but they (the Irish national members) always stated facts cor rectly, and strove to base sound arguments upon them. For these reasons-partly be ceauee they represented large constituen cies, and next lecause they stated facts within their knowledge, and based argu ments upon them of a sound nature-they thought they were entitled to fair consid eration (loud applause). They attended to their duties, and made themselves more or less acquainted with subjects which were likely to interest the Irish people, or in which their interests were mixed up; and they offered their opinion either for or Bgas latJterrsbefore tbe uee .u . .u- - perate and straightforward manner. They asked that those matters should be dis cussed at a time when real and bona fJde attention could be given to them. That was all they attempted to do; and if all the members of the Irish party did the same, they would be omnipotent in the House of Commons, because the great bulk --Eugha-and-Scotchmembersw not in earnest, but simply went to the House of Commons for the honor of being able to call themselves M. P.'s (laughter and applause). It would be a very great honor certainly if they were there for hon est objects; but if they were only there for the honor of getting a title and enjoy ing the social advantages it gave, they did not deserve any honor whatever. The section to which he (Mr. Biggar) belonged had some little difficulty two years ago, because older members of the party thought they thould flatter the old prejudices and traditions of the House of Commons. Now, he did not see any reason why the repre sentative of the county of Meath, the representative of the county of Mayo, or the representative of the County of Cavan, should flatter the prejudice of an assembly composed of men who, on an average, were not more clever or of higher -character than the Irish members; and, indeed, in many cases they were not of so good a character (laughter]. Cer tainly, a great majority of members were not so much in earnest as the Irish mem bers. No three members in the House of Commons got a better hearing than the three he had named. Of course, they did not get so many votes when they came to a division, but that was owing, in a great measure, to prejudice, and to the fact that the great majority of men who voted in that assembly never heard a word of the arguments, but simply attended to the di vision bell, and voted as their party told them [applanseJ. It was no proof that the arguments of the Irish members were wrong because people wno had not heard the arguments voted against them; and that was really what occurred. Hitherto they had had a very fair amount Of suc cess, and what they now wanted was Ihe continuous sympathy of the great ma~see of the people all over the country [ap plause, and a voice, "You have it"J. Such a sympathy strengthened them to mapy ways. It influenced their opponents, because they saw that the Irish members did not represent themselves alone, but people who were in earnest (applause]. They bad succeeded without in the slightest degree infringing the roles of the House of Commons, and had never stretched those rules beyond their legiti mate and proper right [applause]. But if the House of Commons continues as it had hitherto done-refused to redress the grieV ances of the Irish people-a time might come when real obstruction might be re commended by the people outside, and if the people outside instructed the Irish members to really obstruct what was call ed the business of the House of Commons, he was disposed to think that there were members on that platform, and others, who would willingly, readily, and earnest ly carry their instructions into effect [ap planes]. They would do this if the Irish race in England and Ireland gave them their sympathy and support in the carry ing out of a policy which the Irish mem bers were sure would be beneficial to Ire land and to the manhood of .the Irish race all over the world [loud cheeres . MR. O*CONNOR POWER said so long as the British taxpayer had the control over the British expenditure, so long would the power of those deter mined men on the floor of the House of Commons be insuperable in obstructing bad measures and .opposing bad men (cheers). He was frequently reminded, in studying the political character of Irishmen, of that famous saying of Henry Grattan "It is not the tyrant that makes the slave but the slave that makes the tyrant," and to those of their own men who were doubt ful of the future of their action, he would simply say, "Keep your minds at ease, and, in the name of patriotism, if you can do nothing to stimulate courage, and help forward the causo of Irish freedom, do not discoursge it with your timid, paltry, and doubtful hands." (cheers) They had count ed the cost of opposition to English rule in Ireland, and he said that any attempt to intimidate the representatives of Ireland in the legitimate exerciseof their privileges would be met by increased determination on the part of these representatives. There were some men who grew diffident and despondent after defeat, but their English friends must be asked to remember that there were persons on the face of God's earth of a very different mould, and who derived from every rebuff increased deter mination with which to prosecute their views (cheere). The effect ofil their policy would be to stimulate public opinion in Ireland and England on the one hand, and to increase the parliamentary power of the Irish on the other. It was said that be Scause they were in the minority they were not jusoetified in resisting the will of the t majority. That argument would be sound if the political relations that existed be tween the minority and the majority were Sthe result of mutual consent and mutual agreement (cheers). They were not bound rby the voice of the majority. because the t voice of the msjority interfered by force in the management of Irish affairs. The Sonly majority to which he considered him I self entitled to bow was the Irish represen a tatives, as a majority of the opinion of the people of Ireslas (heers). Tell him what that was at any time, and no matter how fervent might be his devotion to any par ticular eause, he was willing to defend that majority, and to merge his Individual opinions and convictlons. In the sessions of Parliament that had gone by, it had been calculated that 112 important meas ures had been introduced into the House I of Commons by membere of the Irish party and that every one of these 112 measures was passed by an overwhelming majority of the Irish representatives. But was Ire land now subject to the benefits of legisla tion suggisted in these bills i When they talked of the constitutional privileges of Irishmen in the House of Commons, let them remember this, that not a single one of these 11i measures bad yet been put on the statute book. Was this obstruction, or was it not (Cheers.) If it was not obstruction, he would like to know by what other name such a violent thwarting I of the legitimate wishes of the people of Ireland comld be described (renewed cheers). In every one of the cases of these bills the English Ministers simply replied e to the deliberate opinion of the Irish nation by a distinct and emphatic nega tive ; and as a matter of fact, in no case would the law of the people of England and Scotland, or of the people of any other portion of the British empire, be affected by those measures. If they were measures likely to affect the condition of the Eng lish people, then there might be some rea son for their rejection; but they were sim ply Irish questions relating to the internal affairs of Ireland; and they were contemp tuously rejected by majority after major ty In- theiouse of cO-tolla - elusion he derived from this was sinaply that if the English were justified in thwart ing the will of Ireland when Ireland sought for measures which she believed to be tor the welfare of her people, so Ire land was equally justified in thwarting the will of the people of England and Scotland, and in proceeding quite as far as Mr. Par nell that night had announced his intention of proceeding, in' order that they might pay these gentlemen back in their own coin (load cheers). It was no gratification to him to wound the feelings of any Eng lishman; but what he hoped to effect by that policy was this-that when he had placed the Englishman in his position, and when he had put on his big foot the tight shoe, he would then learn where and how it pinched, and would remember that if the shoe hurt him there, it was likely to hurt the Irishman exactly in the same place '[laughter and cheers]. TEE PROTECTION FABCE. Mr. J. S. Moore, in the New York Eres ing Post, addressing the working-men of the United States, amakes the following pertinent suggestion : "Is it not a patent fact that at this moment nearly every commodity in England is cheaper, not only than here, but than in any other country that has a semi-protective tariffl And yet the price of labor is now as low here as it is in England. What enables a day's labor in England at 4 shillings (which is a dollar) to buy 25 to 30 peroentum more commodities there than a day's labor at $1. here ? Is it not the fact that freedom of trade has cheapened commodities in Englandt "The distress of labor does not lie in the lower rate of wages; it can be found only in the higher price of commodities and necessa ries. And this evil is the result of the tariff system of this country. " Protecticn holds the same relation to labor that the dispenser of whisky holds to his ces tomers. There are a few of these protected industries which, like so many whisky dealers, make fortunes; they give intoxicating liquors to labor and urge it to get drunk, and get its mind fuddled with the idea that protection will make Jabor happy and give it plenty. Let labor examine itself, and see whether it is net intoxicated with this delusion. Just now, when in a state of delirium, it acted like drunken madmen. There can be no relief, no solid mitigation of the labor distress, as long as this exclusive tariff lasts which has made the rich richer and the laboring classes pan pers." The Republican party has warred di rectly against the interests of the working men of all classes in this country by "pro tecting" necessary articles in such a man ner as to put a burdensome price upon them. The people have to pay the enor monus rate of from fifty to one hundred per cent on clothing, medicine, etc., for the benefit of the parties " protected" against the introduction of the same articles at a reasonable rate. THE HIGHEST MONUMENT IN THE WORLD. The new cast iron spire of the cathedral at Ronen has just been completed. The Semaine Religieuse of that diocese publishes the follow ing particulars relative to the comparative heights of the principal monuments of the globe, as contrasted with this new work. None of the structures raised by the hand of man has made so magnificaent or so lofty a I pedestal for the Christian Croses. The dome of tit. Peter's, at Rome, the marvel of modern art, I thrown up to the skies by the genius of Bra mante and Michasel Angelo, has raised the em blem to 452 feet above the ground. Strasbourg, the highest cathedral in all Germany, reaches, with its celebrated clock-tower, 465 feet; Amiens, 439 feet; Chartres. 399 feet; Notre Dame, at Paris, has only 222 feet. The Paris Pantheon, considered one of the boldest edi fices, does not exceed 308 feet, the crose inclu I ded. On another side, the highest pyramid, that of Cheops, measeures 478 feet Moording to some travelerm, 465 feet saooording to others, I and this latter caluoolation i. the one generally adopted-a height which no known human construction has hitherto exceeded. Among more modern edifices, the dome of St. Paul's, London, has 360 feet; that of Milan 375 feet; the dome of the Invalides. Paris, 344 feet. St. Sophia, at Constantinople, only rsees to 190 1 feet. The dome of the Capitol at Washuington, including its statoe, reachee 307 feet in height. Trinity Church steeple, New York, being 2'4 feet. From these figures, which are given in round numbers, it will be seen that the spire of Ronen, which has a height of 4 "2 feet, is the most elevated monument in the world. JoNES & ROCiHa, UNDmRTAKER, 250 MYA~oA WEN STaurT.--The extensive patronage bestowed upon this new arm proves the high esteem ito which its in. dividuatl members are held by the public. Mr. Chbs. C. Jones knows the buhiness thoroughly, from the Ssemallest details to the most important, and his kind mese, courtesy and thoughtfulness in those sad hourn when ueuh qualities are moot needed and appreetatel. have won for him hosts of friends and, bhfore ltarting for himself, ever securerd him most responsible positions in the employ of others. As for orerer IRoche, we can sum up his charaeter in few words--large hesrtednes Sand good nature. He is every nan'e frienm, and, me we heard a wit say the other day, we really believe that Smany would eoansider it not snch a bad thing to di. it I they were only sumre that Jno. Roehewould be around to I hary them. We hope that the new Srm will aent SmIaay dlardM tu s year s e IndivIdel members have -i tlad plus Cerwatr Reshes'a bLeame mert at the Sat destlsetea MISCELLAUOUS. SOUTHERN RELIGIOUS ART. E. HUMBRECHT, FRESCO PAINTER, Hawl ve eStre atifahotlon to hie m1le oaea, lue bsoon eaouraged to open a STUDIO a Under St. Patrick's Hall. on Lafayette 8t, Next to the corner of Camp. (Bssldease-390 Goodablldren street, Third Distriont for the display or hie Palntlags H. I prepared to execute orders for all htind of work. Lneludinl LIIE-SIZE PICTURES FOR OHURC0HS, STATIONS OF THE WAY OF THE CROSSl BANNERS, eta, as also tfor Frescolng Churches. Prioe adapted to the pregen circumstances of our Iple' sad. consequontfy, below those charged for the ame works as per Catalogues from the orth. - Before to - HiE Grace the Most oev. Archbshobp, and to the Clergy of .New Orleae; Cud to hib Fresco Paint ingo in the tollowlng Churches: Catbodral. at. Augustine's and Holy Trinlty. The public are cordially invited to visit Mr. Hum brecht's studio and es..mine hie works. mhOctf STAINED GLASS AND Iner; Art 'signingand Paintin ARTHUR FITZPATRICK, Artist, (Pupil of A- Welby Pugin), EXHIBITOR OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY, LONDON. ENGLAND, Received the JINE ART diploma of LONDON, Ilt71. and was awarded the MEDAL and DIPLOMA of --b ENitTENNI AL-R E IIOI Ai ade-- l- phis, 1876. for the BEST STAINED GLASS. THE FINEST CHURCH WINDOWS, OIL PAINTINGS TO ORDER. Figure subject Picture,for Altars. Stations of the Cross, Banners end CHRISTIAN ART for Cathollo Churches, In all branches. THE PRIZE WINDOWS NOW FOR BALE Subjects t "The Holy Family." 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