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The morning star and Catholic messenger. (New Orleans [La.]) 1868-1881, August 12, 1877, Morning, Image 8

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86086284/1877-08-12/ed-1/seq-8/

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rm o --'sr and Catholic Messenger. o·
sw OsLEt.ANs , U~mr. AUGUSIT II lar. mi'
EIolting and Tumultuous Scenes-
Twenty-Two Divisions. an
600 Liberals and Conservatives Unite to '
Crush the Seven,
(pestal Cable dispatch to the New Ytrk Herald.) Tsa
LoNDON, August 2d, 1577. ran
The session of the English Parliament which nil
l t Sbout to close Is one of the most extra- o
or lnary. if not the most extraordinary, in nat
some respeots, of all the sessions that have leo
ever taken plane in England since English the
'Palamaoents iben. The whole parliamentary cla
mebalasm is utterly disorganised, and pub- wo
Ie business of all kinds is brought to almost
aomoplete standstill. Some idea of the pasms
to which things have come will be formed $o
from the one fact that of about twenty bills the
whiskh the government have Urought in during bea
the selon but two have a oertainty of passing. me
And some of these bills whbich the government wa
ae thus compelled to abandon are highly in
portset in tbe minds of different sections of no'
eupporters of the Ministry. There was a bill re
on burials to settle the bitter quarrels as tothe On
.servies over the dead between the Churohmen di.
and Dissenters; there was a bill to amend the an
law of bankruptoy; it was proposed to read- en
just the system on which property was valued Mo
and patents were issued; thp law courts of i,
Ireland and the universities of England were We
to be remodelled; and, to foot, 'there was no Ora
end of measures which were expected to do ver
any amount of good. And yet, as I have be.
fore said, but two of the whole serines are oer.
teln of being passed. Io
What is the reason of this extrqordinary atr
state of affairsT Is the present government the
losing its popularity? No, for of recent elee- nei
tions the majority have resulted in their favor.
Is the liberal party plucking up courage and
eager for offine l No, because in recent discus
alone they have been left an as oomplere a ma
minority as ever. Is it, then that Sir staffrrd an
Northoote, the present leader of the House of pr'
Commoaes, is less competent, lees basirneslike v'
and more indolent than his predecessor 1 No, gre
for every one is agreed that Sir Staff>rd North- jor
cote has far greater business qualituatious and 101
is much more attentive to his duties than Ben- an
jamin Disraeli, Earl of Baconetield. gi
Ask the tories and the liberals, ask the Mi'- u9
isters that are and the Ministers that were, and
the journals that proteDe to be serious and the
journals that try to be c tmio, for the cause of
all this disorga sattiuo, and from one and all m
will come the esid answer-Parelil arid Bg- ct
TiHEl A'1='OTLI Or- i-I-T-tiUCTli' I.
Twelve months ago the names of those gen- it
tlemen were soarcely knoan beyond the circles ui
of their intimate friends and those who read Ot
daily every word of the parliamentary reports.
To-day they are better known, are more fre
quently spoken about ar. , to a certain extent,
are more powerful than many of the gentle- ~,
men who 'are supposed to role English destin
ied. There is scarcely a debate in which they C
do not figure; there is uo5 an English news
paper in which they are not mentioned. The
Times passes judic;al sentence on them; the
Daily Telegraph bursts into tears over their o,- S
stiacy ; mte Daily .irw is decoronsly vicious, it
and the Ltandar ois In a white rage. The funny t1
journals of course, follow sait, and PI'uch,leun. t
Judy and others crack jokes at the expense of tl
the pair, sometimes witty and nearly always a
In the House itself they are treasted with t
ct-nrely more favor. Some Ministers uilently u
frown on them ; others try to browbeat or r
snub them. When either riste all the resorts c
that interrupt, disturb or intimidate speakers t
are indulged ino. First there are groons, then
come sighs; ert, ironical obeers are tried,
then loud Isoghter, and finally it is sought to
drown their unfortunate votoes by a loud and
buzzing ounversation. Meantime in the nmidstr
of teose attacks frot all erile. in e,ite iof
angst and rin.cole,.u the face of G for, , openl i
or coiceaid,. inside the lion-e. sand tile bh:tur
bostilty . f u,ilitu,s ist*utle, l1:gger and Pa.r
nell i,'ru.d I Lc '.e ei trl,, il their way, u:.
moved, utahakeu sod onruitl-l.
A climax was :euwled on TeI ni-iv iuigtt and
yesterday i:, :1: vieeIhtiiI iaf t ibitis i
the Imporial P. li'-nent b) tbro hi. db l ,"
Irish bh.tne ru!eri, 1t tl by bleM .rs. l' ri ell, ui-meio
ber for coitil.y MLuath ; Biggar. nienlr fr
county Cat ~, aid OConnor PUower, mIIniber
for county Mayo. Ont untberless oc0Lcasions
daring the present session have those en/,lntl
terribls of Irish discontent driviu Sir Sthlftird
Nortbcote, Chancellor of'the Exchrquer, to de
spair, goaded Mr. Gathorne Hlardy, Secretary
of War, to the verge of madness, and irritated
Mr. Cross, the hlome Seoretary, to a slate of
mind of which his name gives only the faint
est idea. All this has been dounr by making
sne of the rules of the House to make the
IHouse as unruly as possible. Never were six
hundred engineers more oonspicounely hoin'
with their own petards than the "ooble lords,"
" right honorable," " bonorab:e and gallant,"
" honorable anid Iarned" and plain " bonora
ble" gentlemen of the Imperial Prrliament.
You would call it tllibhuteriing in America, but
it is called by every nuame which irritation
would bouncoe td tbhe Ilps of the profane, or
studied depreciation could esuggest.
'n addition to the three members already
•L-. id the osbatiuotionsts count in their slim
hat .termineid band Mr. F'rancis llHugh O'D.
ll, t',' lately returned member for Dungar
van, wi~' e fierce antI vehement oratory bas
been ,r ,d out like witches' oil upon the
af-a' "t sled waters of the House. and rlho
at a .rhet : ' honed leaped into the ill will
of all Edgiras Captain Nolan, of the artil
"or-, member " " cisoruty ]alway, has also
efficentl helpe to satter the obstructive
r -ol t. Mr. -icy Kirk, i·e member for
ir:. " "mr ha little to ' sy bht is
a. farmer, wh, ,the ,eruiient is to
ever ready to vote whir of the band. which
be harrowed, is also o0. DwyerGra', mom
uinslly includes Mr Edw5'N n of the ltr Sir
ber for county Tipperary, . ..e l).alin " i
John Gray and proprietor otr Is nfatl. .r i.
moan's . rsi,- lie liavigsu eooe.. , or. At
the directorship of that Ineflseeti n ud'Il r.
various times the obetructlonlsts inot t ,rfiri;
BobhardPower, memberforoounty h ~' ater
: r*O'Gorman, member for the clty o'
" othe heavy weight andl wit of 1th cb u,"
ad by a strange chance, Mr. Whadley,h.
moaasnia.la Pope and Jesuit hater, m
for Pstrborbogh, Nortatr Hmptonshire.
ara.+s nr s m wIsno o .
minutes pat six lut evening, a oontinuous soot
alsion of twenty.six hours, ws the longeet was
ever passed through by the British Parliament. Staff
Throughout the greaterr portion of the time Mr.
cenes of the wildest ezoitement were enacted. for
fne seven obttr0tjioniste who pitted them- tion
selves against the wix hundred were beaten at the
last. and the air will echo with the torythere- appo
of far week s. Ih
Almost anything in the shapeof govertment
business hau been good enough for Messrs. Par
nell and Biggar to attack ; but the oath Afri- Mi
can Confederation bill, whioh provide for the threa
ansorption nolens voits of the Traneveal R. alte,
s blir founded bJ the DLtch Pusre into a fed' coot
eration with the ape Colonies, waee epeoielly phy
objectionable to them. The annexation is prop
strenuonsly opposed by the B brn themailvee, figWt
and hence giving the Ir:sh home rulers a par-e f
allel case to that of their own country, the bill ten
wes attacked tooth and nail. The half dozen ola
or so ols trictioi sts ould not hope to prevent the
the bill ltiately from becoming a lw, bt ther
they were resolved to oppose it at every clause man
and to it they went. There were seven of
them, as elrea.y enumerated. Tb
TllE OOIVoRNow Z To TACTICS bills,
Alarmed at the tneffecti venesfof all previouso a
measures to curb the Irish Parnellite', the cane
government made preparations to wear out the vorv
resistance by physical means. It was ar- h
ranged that the House should be attended the
night and day by relays of fresh members, who hes
were to carry uo the fight until exhausted
nature compelled the bndful to succumb. The manh
leaders of the opposition cheerfully gave I
their amsietance, Mr. William E. Forster de
elaring that, though sixty ear of age, he
would sit it out eude tik until the end. after
THE TROUBLE aigOce. out
By six o'clock on Tuesdey evening the teen
Hous went into Committee of the Whole on and
the South African bill. At once the trouble ther
began. Every devioe In the shape of amend- The
menta on which the IIoue conld be divided
wao remorted to. At an early stage the motion, on t
now terrible to English ears, that "progres be aeon
reported" waa made. It simply means that
no more business can be done on that meaure.
Out filed the members to the lobby for the W
division, and bank they trooped again, fresh stea
and active at first. Motion defeated by an are
enormous majority. No matter. To it again. ati
More amendments are offered and more dvis. he ii
ons follow. It. at last becomes.like a walk of late
Weston and 0 Leary. No sooner are the hon- rear
orableh in than they are out again. It becomese ree
very wearying. not
Many of tlhe English members left the was
HIouse at nine o'clock to return at midnight. th
A fresh relay arrived at four o'clock. The ob- m
struotionists now found the work telling on bert
them, and adopted the tactics of their oppo- the
nents and rePted in turn. hes
Whoever rose to speak was greeted with the whi
most deafening howls, and hence, when a fresh ant
amendment was c.ffired or the terrible "that as
progress be reported" was presented, the di- nay
visions took place in solemn silence. The con
greatest bitterness was exhibited by the m- an
jority, who were kept moving r n and out dur- the
iug the slow process of counting the " ayes" m
and " noes " The Irish members kept up a tail
ghastly uotd humor. Fresh doorkeepers and his
policemtr were provided to relieve the wearied t lot
officials. our
rAt four o'clock Mr. lInuh C. Childers, aV
member of tt.e. Gladtor:e Cabinet, took the Li
chair in plaa:e (f tbe ordinary cthairman. At t
five o'clocl: Mr. W. It. Smith, the raionber for tk
WestuJaliiter. succeeded Mr. Chhildlers in the r
chair. D~ylight gradually cname in. The
gaslights were extinguished and the sun shone go i
i on a very haggard assemblage. 1
UUtilI .ECit I .1 LEOI .LSTItIN. sa
I"- tbia, curee of the night Mr. Parnell pro- ot
pu, ,"t ian amendment which Was simple non- as
sense, sasing that he did not intend to make ed
Ssense. lthe a rmendment was refused by the of
VChair after a scene bordering on violence. de
e Another incident of the night occurred when t
a Sir Staffjrd Northoote, the leader of the Hloese, t
, n one of the momentary pauses, declared the.t
y the Government intended to pass the bill if
I. they had to sit through the vacation. Upon o
if this Mr. O'Connor Power, who had been madeons
s aware of the Government tactics, charged the Gi,,
Governmenut with haring organized a cospi- p,
racy to crush the Irish embears. Immediately I
to the house was in a tumult. The Chairman de- i
mended the withdrawal of'the word " coupi
r racy." Mr. Power tried to explain, but the
Scries of ' withdraw "'drowned his voice tlie
tr Ilnially withdrew the sprestoui. o
d, Mr. O'Dnunell having trieci to justify the
t" conduct of the obstru.tiouistt, MLr. Butt, the
"t hoame ruler, declared that the Irish party repn
' dieted Mr. O'Doeonll. aond paid that if he
n thought Mr. )ounnell did represent the Irish J
p a:ty lie (Mr. Butt) would retire, as from an
tor tisii brawl. ti
ir S5: At dr,,w Lusk. ltbral nartnbt r for Fiue- e
Sbury, said the iar.,ceeditng cuta at tsn faoundi -e0
taan of caaotataiti.,nal governieant.s
Maeser-. Moitk. liberal Ia'oaer for Gi,uc,,ster
d City, ard Anderson, lllboral nla'rat,br far Ilas
g',. ' urgled at ioan biy the (l'.Trnm nar. aind L
" u Ill eiH ,, . 'i'."~ aasn re of the ol tiructionitts .
Mrt. rsv.f of thl. l.trti lHioniast, aid tho ro
s.al,,hiality ot the d,.nal:nl zatiot If tilhe Ihouse
fr' retfed t ii Sat StatfordL Northcute, Cacroellor of r
i' the l.Iachti1ner. Strong iea-lae:s bthoUld have
ins be-r taken at lirlst.
"i ir Wlialla \'oruonllarc;,urt, libral mean
ant her for the city of )lxfortl, salal the reason that I
1 stronger actain was taa, ta kent was not on ao-.
ry ltlnt of the weakness of the louse, but tot
eat lshow the chasator of the contonlalciolalness to
of the country and give the utbatuulionuiste roape
it- enough.
hg Mr. Gray cried. "lHear, hlear," eneeringly. I
he ir l'S trck O'lrien.u, a home rule member for I
AiX King's county, objectedl to this, and iatinmeted I
hlat btr. Oray was a 'hbtIIbag"' and a "'damned
Is, fool," which expruasion he had to -ithdraw as
but At seven o'clock new relays of English menr
iiib hers began to arrive, and were received with
or frantic thaeers by the members whom they
would relieve. The ineessity of keeping the
l'rantainautary alaiorurti of forty prevenitead
aniray from leaving even when ntteliy worn
hnou TitP VOIlCK O TIIt CitIAIttR.
The Chancellor of the Exc'hiquer again ap
haspealed to the terrible seven to abandon the
the tipilesa contest. It was ii vain. hbo offer
wlao was rejected and the auend.luaents and motions
will to rela,.rt progress were alflured, and the filing
rill- lo and out went wearily on.
also A OWN.CK AT TItE FYIh'I'gItlt.
tive At ten 'c-lock yesterday utorning the Irish
for seven, after their eighteen hours' C,)lubat, were
ii is nUaCh ,aihilatatted. F'armer K'rk wr. sa wark
5 to that it was necessary to support him in hii
sich tranips in aund out. O'Daantcll was greatly dit
em- treesad. Parnell was white as a corpse. anald
Sir had great blark rilags abtast his eyes. (;rai
Kac- and O'YCannavr Power r-tnitineal fresh. ltaggir
wt aaa was asleep, Shiortly after he retntrnea to the
At ounse and took t.t- opportouily. ou a itotioll
Sto "report arogress," t, ay taat ihe had ladl a
goad sleep and a good larealkafar, and wea niOW
itetd- iciay for any amtlolt of legislation.
,si Messrs. parcebeed O'Conor P.wer then
the went out to rest, rbi-a,0d by Mr. Biggsrad
others T"UC -
"u TIIUe rHAop _Zb~Qboq. - ...
mesenger was sent to bring the Marquis of ora
Hirtlngton, the leader of the Liberals, to for
second the motion. This measure, however, brt
was not resorted to. Shortly afterward, Sir afe
Stafford Northoote having been Invited by ash
Mr. Koatobboll-Hogessen, Liberal member mat
for Sandwich, to take swift and strong ac- nat
tion in the matter, thanked his supporters for eari
the seistance he had received, made a final nat
appeal to the minority to yield, and hoped stoa
that, in the absence of the honorable gentle- tre
man whom be expected to arrive shortly, the Job
committee would persevere with the bail. be
Mr. O'Donnell affected to regard this as a fell
threat of coercion, and said that under the
altered circnmstances he would retire from the
contest. As long as it was a qaestion of e
physical endorance he and his frienus were Ber
prepared to go on. Tois practically ended the is
g at on the African bill, which was theu push eye
enu forward in committee and completed at not
ten ainutes past two amid thunders of ap- Ver
please. Daring the contest the chairman of o
the committee was relieved four times, and e
there were in all twenty-two divisions in as P
many hours. iife
The House then proneeded to take up other tti
hills. A violent scene followed in -te icc-.s
*ion of the Judicature (Ireland) bill, again a
caused by Mr. Parnell. This bill, wtich in. Mr
volves and changes the constitution of the Tb
Irish law courts in several ways aod rake up it,
the question of patronage in the court otfoes, his
has heen bitterly contested by the Irish mem
bers, and they have sunooeeded in makingg
many important amendments. Mr. Parnelt
has been very active in this.
So the Obstructionists retired exhausted nic
after their bitter light. The feeling through- mc
out the country is oue of exasperation against out
them. Thronug the long twenty-six hoors' to
session the scenes throughoot were animated foc
and sometimes stormy. Within recent history col
there has been no parallel to this sitting on
The House of Commons sat twenty-five boour mi
on the Slavery Emancipation bill, but not on the
accooont of obstroction. pt
What manner of men are these two that thus al
steadily pursue a course so eccentric? What p
are their objects ? What are their means of pi
action f First, as to Mr. Parnell. To tell who Ne
he is I must first, curiously enough, recapitu. -B
late a few incidents of a great American ca bl
reer. The memory of "Old Itonsideo" is still hi
green in the United Stated, and people have
not yet forgotten the veneration and love with it
which the old hero who bore that nickname BI
was universally regarded. Probably, too.
there are few Americans who did not know-it
may be a little basily-the leading incidents
of old Admiral Stewart's career. It is remem
bered that he was born in the latter years of i.
the last century, of Irish parentage; that in
his twelfth year no had an interview with Gen. I
Washington, and that in the following year,
when he was mature thirteen, he begant life w
a cabin boy in a merchant vessel. So far back
as 1795 Charles Stewart changed into the
navy of his country, receiving a lieutenant's
commission. 1L12, when the war with Eng
land broke out, brought him and many oteris
the opportunity for which they sighed. Im-i
mediately after the declaration of war, Cap
tain Stewart went to Washington, where, to at
i his astonishment, he found that it had been
determined, owing to the great strength of the
Blritish navy, to keep all American vessels at
houme. lie soon brotko down tis pusitlani- t
nusoo resolve, went to sea in the good ship d
SCnstitution and in thefuilowing year won the
great victory of hiJ life. The story is well
known of how the American captain was, on
Sthe 19th of Febrntry, 15i1, attacked Ly two
e British vessels, the Cyane, with thirty-four
e guns, and the Levant, with twenty-one; bow,
with admirable strategy, be raked both his op
pooents and at the same taune kept himnself
safe, and tow he finally, after an engagement
- ot forty minutes, brought O Il' both the eietuiy's
t- ships ciaptive. Of his long life afterward, fill
e ed with many remarkable events, with deeds
e of daring, of skilful strategy and of patriotic a
devotion, it is unrecessary to speak.
Charles Stewart's daughter is Mr. Parnell's c
mther, and hence it comes to pass that his
in tirst two naumes areCharles Stewart. So muooh
°, for I is maternal descent.
ft On the paternal side be can claim an equal- I
if ly illustrious ancestry. Ilia great grandf..ther
in was Sir John Parnell, a man whose tume
to tigures often in the pages of Sir Jonah Bar
te rington and of other writers who describe the
'- period when the Irish Parliament was united
ly with that of England. Sir John Parnell was,
° in lt00, one of the most distinguished mem
i bers of the Irish Legislature. He was a good
he speaker; he had a high character, and for no
le less than seventeen years he had occupied the
ofiloe of Irish Chancellor of the Exchequer. In
all movements of a popular kind he had taken
he hi., art. When the volunteers were enrolled
be in 17ld. Sir John Parnell was the commander
- oif the Maryborough Infantry, one of the bold
he est of the volunteer corps. In lou0, when
sh Castlereagh brought in his bill of union. Sir
an John Parnell, notwithstanding his long official
training, notwithstanlding immense ,ressure
antd enorinous temptations, was trueo to tihe
Ia: cause of his country-gave up his ofice, and,
to too last moment, bitterly opposet the dle
tsr struction of his country's independence.
asuro ie thirty or thirty-five years ago it gral.d
sU sun of Sir John Parnell, travelling i: the
United States, found himself "t Wastiitgiu ;
there be met the daughter of 'Adhiral Stewart
re and was there married to her. Of oech 1)
orenta and such ancestry comes Charles Stewart
i- And now something as to the man hiu+eu'.f.
bat From the description I have given of Mr. Par
a.- nell s line of action and its results the reader
to will probably have conjured up before his im
to agtntia'on a very lar:ir ng lportrait. Probably
upe recol:ettiot'il f D)itniy3-rouk Fair and the
i:lustrations to Charles Lever's will have
helped to create a photograph in which a bat
for tered hat, a pUgUations face, a coat trailed on
ted the groundl anti a tshllelah whirled in the air
ned will ue the jironinent features ; or, perhaps.
ra falling back on expteriences of the uodernn
demgogulne, tho reader has figured to himself
emall wlt- a sqoat tigure, a voice of brass and
lungs of leather, whose chest is alwa3s push
em- el forward and witose wild locks floart deit
tith anttly in the air. If such mental portraiita
hey have been frrmed of Mr. Parnell, then for te
te millionth time his imagination playeda false.
te Mr. Parnell is a tall, slight nman, with a face
orn and mnner of the utmost tranqiuity. His
features are delicate, his voice osually gentle
ando even-toned, and whatever the storm
p aroenund him, hise temper remains euable and
the unrufled. Indied, at first sight sid without
fer close observation, Mr. Parnell would lsabs for
ion, a more than usually quiet Englhsh geutlextiao
hug who was fond of a cigar, spoke little, had no
strong emotions aqd chiefly dosirod to be
alloweti t, keep hisbands in his pocketh. Nor
itt accent atty s0ore than in face or manner, has
rish he atytlthitg distincively Irish, or an3thino
were indicative of hiscbaracter. Tratuedl, 1 belieove
teak to an English school, and at Cambrtidge
hiS University, he speaks with samething of au
dis- English accent. But underneath all tils
i caltitine*ss there mttst bt inteise and obstina e
.rat euthnsiastn; that enthusiasmu which is the
mgAr tost .1 nlgeroos and Lost lasting-ca!m, colid,
the aptparettly nttder eottulht. sitbjection to rea
>tion son- No description oi a mtut is cootpleti
ada nowadays withoUt 8n5ue observation t)n his
tOw sarttorTal en\elopoment. Let tme say, the:n, that
BIr. lP.rnell's attire is very like' his mhnattr
then studiously quiet anid srnple. As he is but
ad tweuth -ei'ght years of ego he has not yet-, nat-n
rally eo00gb, many great inoidents to merk4i
his career. Owner of a large laoded osiste i,
ztLh eeunt Wieltow, he bean lfe mo mos
Tde. That t,
county. Meet'Irishmrn, who thus open, r , you
for the moseet of their lives, tyines of the worst tion
brm ofsnobbery ; disaordalllurhsympathies, Mi
affect an English accent, and feel profonundly an I
ahabmed of their nationality. Mr. Parnell is tion
made of different oettle. In.johsriting strong Iris
national feeling, be. at the very outset of hia once
eareer, threw himself heart and soul into the aBu
national ranks. While quite a stripling, be Ct
stood for county Dublin in the popular in- but
terset. He was defeated. When the death of oni
John Martin left a vacancy in theoounty Meath in it
he agaIn souoght election, and this time was M
successful. Finally, Mr. Parnell does not be- in a
long to the same religion as the majority of his ing,
fellow countrymen-he is a Potestant. mal
Mr. Biggar is also, in appearance and man- nev
ner, muoo less terrible than his reputation. He cras
is a small, delioate looking man, with blne the
eyes, of almost childlike mildness; a manner wor
not entirely free from bashfulness, and, in con
versation, listens deferentially to the wagging
of other tongues Mr. Biggar, though a mid
dle-aged man, has but lateiy taken an active tlor
part in politics. He has devoted most of his Enj
life to bousnses, a id has, I understand, bay
amassed a large fortune. I have also heard the
tra Lis has large business relatiots with bill
erica. An Ulsterooan by birth, he speaks sac
with something of a Scotch aooent and ritiT
a certain abruptness. Within his small body prix
Mr. Biggar has a mind of indomitable pluck. oba
The House of Commons, or many members of tsri
it, hate the sightot his face or the mention of mel
his name; but quite undisturbed by hostility, wb
secret or expressed, he says his generally dtia- eta
greeable say. lop
Numberless are his exploits. On one coca- noa
sion the Ministry endeavored to pass a tyran- wai
nioal Irish bill through the House of Comr the
mona at express speed, but they counted with
out Mr. Biggar. He organized opposition, and
to enoouragd the others, he himself spoke for o
four hours, supported only by a small ocean of son
cold water, for Mr. Biggar indulgeth not in the
cup that inebriates. But this sffenoe was
mild in comparison with many others. If ta
there be any distinguishing characteriatic the
above another of Englishmen it is a dislike to me
plain speaking, espeoially about persons in
high position. But if there be one thing cos
above another Mr. Biggar likes it is plain
speaking, aLd the higher the individual the we
plainer he speaks. Thus, on one occasion he ao.
called the Duke of Cambridge incompetent. me
Now, everybody in England knows that-Hi --f
Royal Highness is a thorough dullard, and that to
his appointment to the office of English Com- P
madder-in.chief, is one of those farcical and, ar
it may torn out, fatal absurdities which the be
blessings of a monarchy bring along witi it.
But, then, to say so--it is shocking! Again, in
everybody knows that Benjamin Disraeli, Lord thi
Beaconsfield, is a Jew and the descendant of sle
Jews. He has said so himself scores of y
times. But when Mr. Bigger called him an al
a'ion Premier a shudder ran through "re- lo
spectable" English society, and many sober- 00
rminded Saxons were probably astonished on ar
Swaking the next morning to find that the. sky
bad not yet fallen. Mr. Biggar wis most of
his life a msember of the Presbyteti"' peruse an
i sion ; within the last coupleof twooths he has co
become a Roman Catholic.
It is now time to tell something of the mode
of action employed by Messrs. Prniell, Biggar cO
add Power. The great instrument in their vs
hands is a rule of the House of Commons that
S1no business shall be taken up after half-past fo
t twelve o'clock at night if notice has been given E,
of any opposition to ir. Now. the a feet of to
t'iis has been to prevent the government from ,
i doing almost any business whatever. The
three Irish meimbers have brought all govern- ,s
In mont moeasres nuder the head of "opposee a
1 business" by giving notice of opposition to
ir every single one of them. It is not easy for ,s
r any one not acquainted with the House or D
C ommons to see how easuch a line of action is
f would have proved so disastrous to the bills of H
t the government. tL
One would imagine that they would seldom,
indeed, be obliged to bring on any b-uiness at re
iso late an hour as half-past twelve. lint those
acquainted with the House of Commons know B
I's that hitherto all its important work has been ,
is done in the small hours of the morning The E
tl incompetence and indolence of the English
Parliament cannot be even imagined without a
il. pretty constant attendance on it for some
time. The House, except on Wednesdays, does fi
Snot begin to sit till four o'clock in the even
ar- ng. An hour or so is spent in questiocs, most
he of theia silly enough, and then two or three
Shours more are spent in listening to line
speechesb At abeut seven the members rush t
m off to dinner, and from that hour until ten the a
od House is almost a perfeot desert. Meantime,
of course, tone talking goes on; that is to say, g
e a mm.uber addresses his crushing arguments u
Ii and flowiug periods to about two other mom r
.. bers, who are dozing on seats opposite to him, a
ed and when he sits down he at once goes of a
i-r peacefully to the lard of dreams, while one of a
his two sleepy listeners jum,is from his seat r
and droces out his relnuras to an equally largo t
Sir and equally att.,tiiive audience. Columns of
jul speeches deliveare. unrder such circumstances e
1 iriq-ie:itly appear in the newspipers, and ro "
e ,the deluston is kept up that the lion- of Coin
l, usons really attentds to the business of the na- 1
dle tion. Not till ten or half-past ten dies the
Ilonse begin to refill. Then again cotme long
rd speeches, the great party leaders gecorally re- -
heserving tiihemselves for this moment, when they
will have a croweded audience, and so the real
art; inioieot of the day is pushed on to eleven,
l- art Irigirt, the small outrs of the mnorniig.
art '[il is why the half-past twelve o'clock rule
proves so po, weful aim instrument in the hands
of the Irish members.
'ar- I will now let Mr. Parnell himself speak in
der explanation and defence of his policy.
" I would wih you," began Mr. Parnell,
he" first to explain that our operations do not de
av pe d on any attempt to waste time. They are
bet- simply dependent on the fact that the House
0 of Commons in atteompting to legislate for the
air three kingdoms, India and the colonies, has
sot itself a task which would take at least four
tP tilunes as much time as it has at its disposal.
sel Even in attempting to perform a small portion
au of its dnties--legislution for England. tre sop
a- plies for the army, navy and civil service-the
- government fled that the House is compelled
ite to sit for unreasonably long hours. Thus it
te happens that most Importaut questions, requir
le. ing careful dsaussiecno, are brought on after
the House has been in sission for eight or nine
ise hoursac By that time, of counree, the greater
Htle part of the members have gone home, and the
o few that remain are so exhausted that all dis
u onusion is listened to with impatience. So
not bills are frequently carried in a few minutes
or late at night, which, if brought in earlier,
would not have been allowed to pass without
dn hours a~d hours of discussion.
Nor Correspordent-You have endeavored to
has reimedy this state of things?
himig Mr. Parnoll-We have endeavored to put a
lsve slop to the transaction after balf-past twelve
dge o'clock at night of any fresh businecse which re
IaLI quires discussiou. When the louse has sat
tii5 from a (qlnrtar to fnr to half an honr after
00n1 oidnighit we think it has done a g:od iLsy's
the work and onught to Ie sent hosie.
oi, Corresponrdent-What has beenl thl, tY:ot of
rCa- your eclton
pl t Mr. Pirnel!--The effect has liben startling.
his This session we have preveit.ld tile govern
that nieut from gottiil t:irough at lets. thren
or- fourths of the work which they Ilhad laid out
hut fr themselves at the beginning of the session.
atn- The remaining fourth represents about the
kin capacity for work of the Imperial Parliament.
you to a great deal of ridicule amnd vitepera
tion in the Englisth prse.
Mr. PMroelLI- don't oonsider it the duty of C
an Irish national member to regulate bhi so- wa
tion by the comments of English Journals. An bra
Irishman who thusee allows himel to be inie- sp,
enoed by English opinion becomes a snob and sol
a flunkey.o
Correepondent-Pardon me for the remark, is
but tp there not some resemblance between tilt
your line of conduct and that of the filibusters tar
in the United States Congress. bat
Mr. Parnell-Ob, by no means. We cannot for
in any justice be called filibusters. Filibuster- tbs
lug, as I understand it, was an attempt, by ble
making dilatory motions, to waste time and so
prevent the Presidential count from being obh
tained by a certain day. We. on the contrary. my
never make purely dilatory motions. Our sune- d,
case depends not en our waste of time, but on pi
the fact that the English Parliament bas more of
work than it can do. the
BsoM sUccasesA. bha
With regard to another branch of our opera- iI
tlions. many questions whlch are neglected by "b
English members for one cause or snotber we la3
have taken an iutoelet in. Take, forexample. W
the Prisons' bill. We have insisted on tast me
bill being properly discussed, and we have m
scoeedea in carrying several amendments in ore
prison discipline. We have been charged with
obtrucotion because we have ventured to in- e
terfere with some measures which no previous Ca'
members of Parlihament had thought it worth Co'
while to interfere with. There was, for in- asi
stanoe, the Mutiny bill, which had been al- wi
lowed to pass aithout any discussion for a we
quarter of a century. Well, we insisted on of
naving a discussion on the bill, and the result mI
was we had some amendments passed, which
the House approved.
Correespondent-Your action' has met with or
some disapproval from other members of the er,
Home Rule party th
Mr. Parnell-Oh, yes.
Correspondent-Their objection, I under- ha
stand, is thatyon only irritate your opponents;
that it would be better to try a policy of argo- wi
ment and conciliation.? pc
Mr. Parnell- The policy of argument and th
conciliation has been tried and found wanting; ag
we never did get anything; we never will get
anything by soft speeches and a humble de
meanor. Sat
m~nrrpondent-Will not the inconveniences
to English businese caused by your action
produce a strong feeling against you in Eng
Mr. Parnell- Be it so; that will be all the
better for the Irish cause. It is only by bring
ing the inconvenience home to their own doors
that we can make the Englishi government
clearly understand the evils of the present
system. When they haveensuffered at our hands e
a little of the inconvenience we have been so on
long suffering at theirs they will begin to see ha
our demand for a change of legislative as
arrangements to a very different light. i
Correspondent-Do you think you have lost
any votes tor the Home Rule canse by toe ms
course yon have adopted' L
Mr. Parnell--As yet certainly not. On that E,
point 1 am quite certain. oil
t Correspudent-Buat in time you surely are -
certain to lot)e the sympathy ot the Lioeral bi
party, on which the Iriso cause has had Sr
Srinoipaily to rely. Will tney not be
forced by the violence of public feeling in St
I England against you to can you eff, and re-:
rouse all alliance with you, even on poiats they "
were formnvly wilitng to c,)uedo I
Mr. Parnell-Onr action may produce an
estrangenO"'nt flow us of the L:beral party for
a time. But this feelung will, I have no doubt, a
pIas- away. They will see in the end that it B
is Se who are following a truly liberal pulicy. to
r Deceutral-zation, the uncrease of local power, a'
is the guiing principle not only of the Irish y
[Home Role party, but rightly understood of d
the Erg ish Liberal party also.
Correeponuent-Can you point to any other
result of your actioq I
Mr. Parnell-Yea. It has always been as
' serted by Englishmen that they would be only
too glad if we took part in the discussion of
s E, gsiah, as they do in that of Irish affairs. H
West, we have taken the hint, and you see the
reception we have met. We always believed
e that this professional anxiety ot Englishmen
'a for our intervention was a pretence. We have a
now proved it to be so.
e Correspondent-Do you contemplate any at
h tempt on the part of the ~overnment to puts
Sstep to your action i
s, Mr. Parnell--es, they will probably abro
f. gate the half-past twelve rule. That, you
re wrust understand. is what is called a sessional
1 order ; that is to say, it is an order which is
). agreed to at the beginning of every session
>f and only holds g od tor the session. Probably I
If it will not be proposed next year. I should
It mention a strut ga circumstance in rtgard to
si this half-past twelve rule. It was earOrgly
,f opposed by the Home Rule party up to tots
ca se-sion, for it had always been ne;d against
so thet" A private Irish member bad no cuacee
n- of g ttit g his bill introduced until a late
a- bour at ig.ait. Members of the givernment
!t party were thus always able to defeat our
~ig eatures by giving notice pf opposition and
e so preventir,g its beirn heard after half-past
3Y twelve. As anu instalce of how this worked
al I mauy tell you that the Municipal bill, in
n, troducel by Mr. Butt, had to he bronghtt in
g. three n'its in succession before it was pass
tle ed. Atu this one small menuare is, in fact,
d5 the only one the Home Ruole party has got
from the English Parliament during over futr
yearsofexistence. Yet theEnglish Parliament
talkeof our obstruction! "But" here Mr. Par
nell signiticantly smiled, "you see Nemesis has
come. The rdle which had been so long need
1II, with effect for the obstruction of Irish busi
ie- ness, we have now employed with some snc
ire crss for the obstruction of English business.
lee aMORE OF IT.
Correspondent-What will you do in case
a the half-past twelve role is not passed next
aal. sr. Parnell-Well, we must adopt other
on means. I havy no doubt we shall ind some
b quite as eftrotive as those we have adopted.
ld up to this.
lit Correspoodent-Do you anticipate gJod
ir results for the Irish cause from your line of
ter Mr. Parnell--You see what two men have
e been able to do. If for two we had twenty
t what results might we not hope for Wes
could make all business absolutely impossible.
S Correspondent-And then ?
s Mr. Parnell--Why, then, the English Par
ter liament would be compelled to yield and to
nt offer a compromise. You may be perfectly
sure that, whether we do succeed so thqroogh
ly, we, at all events, will do something. tJp
to the present, with our soft talk and gentle
to ways, we have done nothing-absolutely no
t Such is the obstruction policy. It has orsa
Ited as snlah enthusiasm in Ireland as onger
at in Erngland. At the next general election
fter there is certain to be a distinct Parnell and
s's Bliggur party, and there can be little doubt
Sof that they will find many supporters. With a
body of tO or 30 Itome Rulerus, determined in
. character and pledged to obsetrot all business,
ra the English Parliaweut wil, indeed, present a
out spectacle to make angels weep.
the R. Maitre, 600 Magazine street, has garden
t vases of every desription at very low prices.
t Gaat~eellong uat es soonant of emDoval at
One of Houdin's most pusslig eooatr.
vsnces was a clock, eeesitag simply ef a
brass hand and a glass dil, and whech, is
spite of its complete transpareney and ab.
solute lack of anything corresponding toce
inside pendulum or weights, kept accurate
time and what was more orioous still, re.
Sturno to correct time if purposely moved
back or forward. There were other
i formsnces of this mysterious timepiece, bat
the chief source of interest was the verits
ble keeping of time by a cloek without any
works, and the same kind of noqedaniea
mystery ha. since been frequently ediibi.t
ed, very much to the bewilderment of peO. -
s pie in general, if not to the more ingenltus
a of n,ecbanicians. The French Society for
the Encouragement of National Inodutry
has recently been investigating and repott.
. ig on the subject. They have issued a
" 'bulletin,"illustrated by eogravins,whi
e lays bare the mystery in all its d4
Without entering into the minutimo t(
matter, it may be explaiced that the
° mechanism, it appears, lies coilled up in the
° ornamental knob in which the hand
b minates behind the central pivot--t the.
end of the hand opposite to the point imdi.
s cating the time on the dial. This knob
ii contains the whole of the clookwork, con
- sieting of a mainspring and a system of
- wheels which carry round a little platinum
a weight once in twelve hours. The motion
of this weight round the inside of the ors
h mental knob keeps altering the centre of
gravity of the delicately balanced hand,
which thus by its own weight moves in a
circle round the dial once in twelve bones,
h or, by a simple modification of the maebin'
ery, once every hour. It is easy to s
that as any external interference with the
hand or hands of such a clock does not
*; affect the motion of the little platinum.
w- eight, they must necessarily revert to the
position in which that weight will sustain.
d them on being allowed to move freely
i; again.
e- Cork corsets, the first ever brought here, fr
sale at Levy Brothers', s5 Magsaitn street
n Read B. Maitre's advertisement of gardec
seed oen Sahh p
Fnrea. Augstg 10i, 1s77.
FlAeCIAL.--Quotationls-EoePtiosalJ2 vap t.-p -
renot per aunnom; Al 1do. 9 to 1U; seobn.lgrdi--So-I
*rt cla" ul.rtgage do. 8 to 9 per cent per annulsm;.e
andfgrade 12 to 15; Gold 115 to 1I5; Aumerias 8$l ,
half dollars and Iexican dbllars nominal; Comsmesal.
Sterling 516 to 517., bank do - to 52; the bank ceek.
ing rate on New kork t per cent preomim; ad sea.
mercial sight at J.
Coi-ro--Week's receipts 1,151 balsa. Exports1.1&
and sales 2 30. Stock in PreWsses 2364. QeaIae e
Low Ordinary 91; Ordinary If; Good Ordinary Si, tw
Middllng l(+; Mlddling II; Good Milddlting l -. sk
Exchange telegrams make the rceipta at itew iucMs
since Sept. Iet. 1,19.l6 ' bales, againet 414 900iIA year
-decreae 214 t4., bales. Receipts at all ports 3.93761l
bales. against 4.690,182 last sear--deoreaes ie - •L
Stocks at all ports. 34,545 bales, agauist 168,16 t1M
year-decrease 13611
L IO TAO1ICt'--In moderate request and firt.
StooM" on sale 7310 hhds. QuotltionLs--osIe
and Factory Ltgs nominal; Low Lugs 41 to , G.e
do 5 to 6 ;Low Lef 7 to ; Mledlium leaf 9 to 19
Good Lea, i to I2: Fine Leaf 13 to 15: Selections i
to *6
MAOPYAC-rU01t. TOBaCCO.--Extra Fiae75tol 00;  I0
6, io /'; kbito Medium tio to GS; Good Medium 50 to 0i
Common bouud 42 to 511; Bright qoartfers' Ca
mun Modinm 45 to 55c Bright Navy 4a ad 5a 51 t1 ol
Black sewct 46 to 510; No. I, Se and Ins Black sweet U
to6Oc; N.vy lbts 51 to 50ec; Navy 3d. 4 , to |Sl;b5J
at.'les Nat,.ral Leaf Twlset Packae 58 o Oe.
'LO'ibIANA OuOAS..-Common 1o per pound; Fralere
Fully air ,!e; 'rtlme OI.; Yellow Ciaridled le; WhiM
do. - to Ilic
LgpLInasAA ).o.,see.-Pricesnominal. Comuaa -
to 436 per gal; Fair - to 45c: Pi im - -to to; Stirly
Pripee - to sic; Cbu.e -to Goc.
F.11lklt0D SuGAOe.-llrusbehd Powdered and GrMan
latod - to lI2c per Ib; Best Loafst -to 11 -
IiO60*,1 hSatu.--At wholesale,. - to 91i per gaLss
R]lc.-Losul.laa, 1o. 2, - to 41o per lb; Comm a.
to 51; Fair 5ltotic; FoulyFairt JK toL Priome--to ".
Fi uVB--bupernne --- toS 25 per bbl;DoublSxUt
S to S 3, Low Treble Bxtrae- to t 00; GooiTlbi5
Extra - to tl65; Choiee Treble Extra f- to 501
Cbowo xtra $06 5 to 7 tu. u.d 7 1., to 750 for these
Family L.trra.
C(oalAte L-Jobbing at {- to $630 per bbl. Wl.
sallog at - to 2 75.
Co"m IC SAcLs-W-bhite Mixed - to 1b* per busel
Yellow Mixed - to 7m; Choice Yeltlow - to 70, ad
White - to ,lce.
OxT--Urdlary - to -e; St. Louis - to 4I0oI 1a1.
.to Il4 ; 'Lteraa e to 4iO.
s BaAn-Chbl,e t5 to t(+c per 110 the
HAT-Ordiary -- to It- per soo Primes-
16W anud Choice I- to 19
PoRK-Mess jobbing ate-- to 0*15 Cperbbl.
SBaCus--Shoulders jobbing at --to 7o per lb; Clm
I Rib ides - to r.o, end Clear Sides - to 9.
DarY SALTEt. AleAT--Shoulders jobbing at 610; Cl
Rib hides roc; Clear Sides - to 0b.
SUoks-CL'SaD HAYs-Large- -s to-; Medlunm t
1t'+; Small IItto *A12.
1 LAiD--Tie're Reolined lobbing at - to 1Co pet Ik
Keg -- to 11 .
BKEAKAieal BAcoN-Jobbing as 101* to lIo per lb.
SBeav--Fulton MarketS-- to 1o 50 per bbl; Texas O1
to 1 t tlI'. Western 12 to 15 511.
t BIuvtit-Cholce N1ew Yoik Goshen i to 300 perlbl
Medium 2.L to le ; Infriorr - to--c; Choice Westam
S.:. to '2c ; Mediuom 14 Io I17e; Inferior 1l to i2o per lb.
0 C!lrse--Cho;ce Western 1t to 12; Seor York Crea
t to -o
r Ols,-Linseed Oil--awv 74 to 7t., Refined 75 tt795
d per gH.*llu Rtenned C1oal Oil--2I to 32 in cses. per IPL
ad 2.1 to Is o Il l,:s. Lard Oil--Jc to it loper alles.
Saetlr lt:l - 1to Il, j per lb. Cotton Seed Oil--trade-
t td -t , . lloe - to --c per a tl.
1. S.L' --lSituCie' its;e: (.oarso, ;l +to4 9e per eaak.Fa s
I81 ft 1 I.. 7 1k'o inClnd. 8 to 5.'0 pei twobuel
Sbag. l'Pkrt' T'able Suiit. 9 to c accordig t10 e.e.
S 10ol-\Wetoeru. 4' to Sc per lb; German 0117e0.,1;
t, MaJt tOc;s. 3; in Palm. 7; Cat., 1o. -
t LCuOkr --Jl, lot.; Ordinary lTi to Icre gold; Falrlt1
Stol l2o; ,'1 t_-+ 2''1 ll5c; l'ri e to -' 2
FlUITe A*SI. N LT-L-- lons, 6- to *e "0 prbox.".L
It R;ale 01 r,, to 1 5; ltlnoaas t,.u to $oi ,perý%wl
r" Citron. -- t, ", Iere lb. rerants, -to --r; B~rsl T.
1 l"o; Alm0Itsd, 1Ii to 21i; hlberts, 12 to 1; I tes.
7c; Cocoant. $-- to porl1.0,1. Pecans- to 15;
nut : to 4c , pe'r It,; Oranges i6 ,Il per bbl.
- POL Tl;Y- W.-stern Chlegons. (rown 65 ,G to a550 
p- dozeu; Youngil I5o to 2 5u; Lucks $- to 3 50; G1 1
-- to 31., 0:,; ll urke3e 12 to $15.
L.1.1.--0Weetern t. to 1e0 per dozen; LottLesana 41kg
EHCvi'FST0 AND Ga;aN VtG,1ABLe--Potatoes $ I
Sto to 1.0, Cabbages II 5a to 12 51 per crate; Seur s"
It $5 31; to C16 O voe bbl; Unions 52 0 to to2; w Apple
to--. -
r BASt AM) PgAS-Western Beans - to $*0 par
Sierthern - to Se per Ib; Green Peas - to ll 76r
o0 Cow Plea-- to 1 1j per bushel for Mixed. and '
ed. I 40 for Clay.
DtbIkl FetrrApples -to 3c perlb; PeheCb. -
Md Moa--Black -l t 4c per lbI ; Gray 9 to ie; Gr
Black rotted ; to 3I0.
of WOOL-.--Looubla Clear, 22 to :?o per lb; CleI 1..5
31$ to:i; llBurry. *2 to ll,: Texas- to. - 6
v Zi[Dtt-.-Dry Salted, 12 to 13; Corpty Ore.en. --L
t ODry Flnt. 1:1 to 140. Tau.ow, - tCo perlI.
tY L'or'NNSl..-$- to11 pre. to..
POe clrO'ogtG-Molasees bbla, t 01;Sugar ndsl.. . e
lc. 910; Bhde. Poles. .!1 to 40 per thousand. bl. di.. ,
10o1 Co'Tto Ttis-Arrow Tie I 31 36 per -e
Beard & Brother and 'Branch. Crook 0:tO. 5)l -
- *'loorno$'e bc per lb, PhllIP Wire Ti, do..e,'
to BAGGNlDo--otlentl Jute temp, -- Hemp..
y yard. Ind'as,-to It. Gunny BWgs-Ir0e 0 --h is
Sand ltc. resewed; Baling T.wine - to 140 perl
NAVAL STOIFe-Tar i 90 nto$. 75; Pt tOll--.
Jp Rosin l e". to 110; Tnrpentlne to301 perflnj J
ie Livo STOCK-Tenaa Beeves, 1st quahi~. 63 t
10 do.. 625 to 3,; 3d, *5 to 616. W eCrm, 5h--6 B
Prime Hogs .o to 70 tI ; Common do.. .
lot quality, $5 to 1;; 2d . toO do. $ to 4W3 do ajto _
30' Sllch Cows-choice. $71 to $61; ordinary do.; l "
- Calves. 16 tol. oarlings. 10 to 1l.
SOnee Threel 8i z
ByUA $. M'th. l 'he M 'the ` M'hs
o-ue...........-.- . - S _ Is 0 a -ss
ra •............ - " 1'" 18 T1 a
lien...........-...-- * . 30 . 100 15
rife ..... ***....*** * 300
Sihlea..... ...... TO~~ 3 130 too 3
Thirty ...... .........I- .O -
Transleat Adverteements, $1 50 p6r$Qs'o
--3Si roi~n "14108 " ..
n o .: . .ta W _ . ra

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