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fmering St sand Cathol Mess ienger.
asw er.rAU., sUFDA T. IssvUARY 3 I 8. APOSTBOPBLE TO FREEDOM. BT Wi.LIAM CtlLLTN LR" At F. S f T.it.- artssmaot. as poet* dream. AI gle l. With light nsd dlte heatlimstha y b otress, s gushing f oa the trep W'I ablo- Ilbsu IntOw mster crowned his plays, 05 trek at the ovs. A bsorded man ATrer thebeth. art thou i one mailed band jte bread shield. sad Coe the sword5 iny brow, a beu OF thowh It be, is Lscared Si 0 ofold rwas i thy mmam.v Imbo As . son with e.uggllng. Power at th e hae is its ad wth histllbtptog emitte thra m )io.t-tdspower heu due thy dusgeon deep, Ana his swhet unters, Nby a tYoendd ran, avefdr d thy tlhiu yet while be deems thee brouad be itro sre shivered, and the prison walle yeol outward; terribl thou suoritlnt forth. e ptngs tbe tam, above ao burning pile, and shoeteet to the nuatone. who return Thy shoutnge, whll, the pals oppressor iles. Thy birthright wu not given by huian bands Thou wot tlwin.born with ma. In plasant iheld WieLyet our race was few, thou salat with him. To tead the quiet A ock ad watch the slars, And tea h the reed to utter simple airs. Thee by hie old., amid the toei red w rod. Dost war upon the "anther sad the wonlf HIeasoy ese; and thon with him dldst lraw The earllest furrow on the mountaius.l:,e, totwlbthedelgug. Tyranny hiraell, Thy anemy, although of reverend look, Hwarry wit many years, adu Ia 8.obye. I later born than thou ; and as he moees Th grave defiance of thine elder eye The usurper trembles in his fastneses Thou shalt wax stronger with the lapse of yers, Bot be sehb fade lain a feebler age ebler, yet subt'er lie shsll weave his s hren, And spriLn tbem oatb, arels steps, ad a r al. Swithered hands, and from ther ambacb call I. bodeato fall pon tee. lise sballsend 3it maskeors wearing fair sad gallant formes atsea Iy gae, aid, uttering graceful words T.obarn ers ; while his oly mps, by8 eal25h. Twie os thee threads of steal, Lighl thread on That grew to fetters-or bed dawn tir arm r Wihl ehains contained in chaulets. (h. not yct teyrto thou unbrace tbhy orslet, nhr Uly by LThy sword, not yet, O Freedom i cloe thy llda I ns.lberr for thine enemy never sleeps. And thou meet watchb ad oombat till the day ta She new earth and heaven I DATH OF REr. FATHER DA LUYNEN, o . Y. Tablot, Jao. 25. Rev. H. C. Do Luynes, of the Society of Jesus, and assistant pastor of St. Francis Xavier's Church, New York, died at an early hour on Sunday morning. Though he had for a long time been ailing, he did not confine himself to bed till ten days be. fore his death. lie was constantly attend ed during his sickness by the devoted members of his order, and died a pious and exemplary death. The remains will be interred in the cemetery at St. John'se Collbge, F'ordhbm. Faher do Luynes was in his seventy third year at the date of hisdeath, and had served in the holy ministry for a period of forty-eight years. He was an eloquent preacher, a man of rare intellectual attain ments, and charitable and generous to the poor. He was horn in Paris, in 1805, of Irish parents. His father had been sent over to France, in 1797-8, to the then executive, as the accredited agent of the United Irishmen. Debarred from returning -'to his native land, he settled in France, wher he hedied in 1827. His name, which was O'Lewins, became gradually galilclred into its present shape. He graduated from St. ulpice, Paris, and was ordained by t Mgr. Q ellnl, Archbishop of Paris, 1825. t Sather De Luynes was the friend and fhllow-student of Pore Lacordaire, and the two young men agreed that after ordina tion they would emigrate to the United Statsm and there serve in the diocese of Bardstown, Ky., under Bishop Flngoe. The f yoeng Lacordaire after ordination declined so leave France, obt De Laynes, after e spending a shortetrme in Ireland, adhered to his original determination. While in Ireland he was tie assistant for a tine ofI the famous Dr. Doyle ("J. K. L."), the Bishop of Kildare and Leighlin, anti acted lo-feraBr.ef -petee'iftfts-p c .[aae--rii >-Urlmw College. At this periotl he resolved to ket ep hipromnise to Bishop Flageit, and. declining faitering offers from Dr. D)oyle. l)r. Power (then Vicar-General of New York), and from Archbishop Whlttield of altmore, t made his way to Kentncky. This was in 1Sia. At Bardetown lie sncceesively or sinfultaneonsly taught theology in the sem- d hoary, was professor in St. Joseph's College, I haplaio of the Sisters of Charity at Na- r oetb editor of the Ctholic Adooatie, and t pastor of the Cathedral. He was a man of t wonderful industry and knew not what it was to remain idle for an hour. Ten years after his adrlval in the New World he entered the Society of Jesus, and continued P to discharge duties similar to those in r which he had been engaged. In 18436 on the invitation of the late Archblshop t Hughes, be, with the other Jesuit Fathers ' of St. Mary's College, Kentucky, came to this city, whichi he may be said to have I made his home thereafter, although he was absent for elort periods in lsrookl na, 'l'roy, and travelerg through b exico anti Chili. The latter two places he visited with 6 Father Maldanado in 1849I for the pnrose of collecting funds to fiuish the church of d St. Francis Xavier and the college under ii whose roof ihe died. Subsequentiy to the c tour mentioned hlie served for a tlni at tie college in llavana. lie had a great regaril for Spanishl-speaking petple, and leit a t very wide circle of acqlualnotaces among 'I the better clans of such residing in this city to deplore his los0. The story of Spain has always hl:;d a I strange but yreal fascination even for the races which have been most frtcqucntly and most fiercely brought into collision with ~ Spanish policy and Spanish interests. It 2 was long ago cleverly said by Walter Savage Landor that Spain was a corner of 1 Africa left wedged in the flank of Europe ; hut, though the saying has truth in it, it ia not whollj true, nor does it wholly ex plain the spell of the Spanish annals and t of Spanish letters. With the glowing a magnifioences and the saturnine mysteries which it owes to the Moor, Spain has com- d blned a"virility of temper, a practical energy and a curious common sense which t make her a pussle as well as a poem and a • picture. Only a very ignortant person can undea ste the capacity of a people who '. dominated the Old World and the New a Ihrough a period longer than that of our 5 own existence as a nation, yet whose num Sbes during all that splendid era of their c is: btMry never equalled those of the Island h realm of Britain. For the whole of the cnrrent century Spain, which began the V century under the ruinous pressure of a v uacoesfnl foreign Invasion, has been , wasted alternately by atrocious ntisgov S' ernm ent and by exhausting civil war. She b has iagged in the rear of all the rest of 0: Europe in regard to her fiscal policy. She a has worried her finest colony into a de- p if..tractive and apparently aimless iosurrec tion. She bas been menaced with absolute s. disintegration as a body politic. Yet in I spite of all these things she has increased steadily in population and in wealth. One of the most astoeishirg revelations of the Vienna Exposition of 1~73I was the progress made by the Peninsula in sgriculture, and the juries were compelled to award to her ' the first rank in this most important de partmeut of national industry. What Cat w, alonia has threatened in the way of flagrant I communism everybody knows, but every .a body does not know so well what Catalonia I has done and is daily doing in the way of ^ , skillful and successful manufactures. The s mercantile navy of Spain has made greater ' advances during the last decade than our ee own, and though that is not very high praise, perhaps, in itself, it may at least startle Americans into asking themselves what the secret can be of this wonderful v vitality in a race which we are apt to judge a severely because we judge it superficially. ' c OUR INDIAN P/P'CLATION. The pamphlet on the various estimates w of Indian population which John Eaton, a Commissioner of Education, has submitted ti to E. A. liayt, Commissioner of Indian Af- tl fairs, is full of interesting information, and 0 affoids the best attainable basis of facts a for the theory that the race is not destined Ci to absolute extinction. Of course, any at- P tempt to trace the advance or decline of b the Indian population is attended with ti great difficulty. In the very beginning of t the task we have to deal with conjecture, and oven in taking up the last eunmera- C tions prepared by the authority of the tl on Government we are compelled to rest con- P tet wuiet gie. ork. -L, dmi us st mating the Indian population of the coun try was conscientiously undertaken in 1789, a and it may be worth while to copy a table hi of eighteen estimates completed since that time, premising that those made previous t' to 1850 did not include the tribes of Texas c' and the territory won from Mexico, and b were generally fragmentary and incom plete t: If I. I.5--fEimate ef secretary of War......... 7s.o as e e. 1l00-91--t tieautei of Gilbert Imlay ......... 101 tit 3. _!20--Report of Morne on India affairs.....47io J n 4. il--Rtport of the Secretiury of war....... 129,38 h t isa--Rteport of the Seretary of 'er.......rgI o e S. 1rs34-Rteport of the Secretary of Wa....... 312,61 PI 7. mI,6--Reayrt of the Supertrtendrenof Indian Af itOrS....................... ........3.45.4 t e 8. 13--Rep.rt of the Superintendent ofIndian D f airs............................. ...3. fo d . t5S--Report of it. L. hebooloraft...........358.2 9 1i10. 1i53i--ltRport of UitedI State osencss, lrS0..400,764 ea It. h5--aReport of Indlsa Ofiee................314.6t7 Sa 1i. 1h57-epore of H. t. Scbooeratt. ..... .....it9,l 4 s 13. It i-Report of luatlan Omi ................sr4,300u 14. Ii65-taport of IndiJn Oice ...........e...2r 374C Of In. 170e-Report of inited tat censos........ 313 712 Uh It. lO70--Report of Indian Olics ................313 371 d 17. 1875-Report of Indine Ofioe............... 0 a ef . Iis-teport of Indian Ofltce ................91.ti Vi t Little Information as to the tendencies of as Indian population can he gathered from wi these statistics, as the area covered in one Cr census may differ from that covered in a all t previous one, and the good judgment of coi u the estimator forms an important element be in the calculation. Accepting the figures cao tiven since 1850 as nearly 'approximating Ch ii tbe true ones, w may assume that thie ME Indians are holding their own, or at least ski that the process of extermination is much tit slower than it is popularily supposed to be VC the apparent decrease in 1876 being due to An the non-enumeration of the Dacotabs. of The examination of the history of partico der nlar tribes throws further light on this pas matter. It was estimated in 1722 that the par q Cherokees numbered 30.000; in 1768 Mr. 25 f Jeffersou estimated them at 15000; in 800 51 a census was taken and they were found to p Satmount to 12,395. Since then, notwith- of r standing tie bad effects of removal and his civil war, they have increased to 21,072 in ry 1870. In 182"1 tohe Seminole were estima- Of rted at 4,550, in 1835 at ,083. in 1833 at is t :t,0(oo1. inl Ir~r at 2,267, and in Ia76iut2,553 1pt In 160 the rolquois were estimated at par 11.70o0, in 176:3 it 11,650 and in 1877 at pat ,i,ln 6it cont ry and 6950- i a iidcfair u These faclt do not support the extinction tii r tlheory. Thio t-stiniony of missionaries wh 1 among the Sioux is adduced to shoow that to that great brsi hr of Indians is nrt only paf retaining its stlength int actually growing. des r Furthermore the proportion of births and ru deaths among the Indians for the last three ano years points to the same conclusion. This gae record has only been kept since 1874, and t too much stress should not. be laid upon it, t f but with other indications it has some force. op t In 1874 the excess of births was 21.54 in a me thoneand individuals; in 1875, 9.83; and an, in 1876, 6,07. If these statistics be fairly A gathered and fairly presented there is some reason to think there is still hope for the pa preservation of the Indian. Certainly from ha, r this time forward we ought byr mean of ion wiser treatment to be able to protect the lee aborigines from tre effects oft such natural six scourges as di stt as and famine, rnd, iat tihe h same t me. refrain from slarigl:tering them. thr --- - -" l" ff li&r.IItOAI ruiI.iriir IN 177 --It has chi hperhaps generally been supposed that dur- two a ing the past yr there wat barely a-y ad- bet f dition to thie mileae of railroad lines ; this, tr r however appears tci be a mistake Tine re, die Scord of conutrnctinn published In the Rail To Tlte lines otatricted have generally been L, 7 shOrt loc:6 lii:es r tld.itious rd e..tL.- sc Nion of ,1d inres, the lirtge-t single lie be- alp i.g a I1Pe ontloa extension (if tii So, uthern itr Patitic. t.>riornia aird (outid tare crod- leg ited witr ;2i lilirl.e for 1e77, Iilinoii and tle 5 lndiana inly built 4,3 miles, Iowa [.ri, Ken kar tuck) 8;, Lirriiiiana r2. Micirigan .5;, .Mmn- at I nesta 211, Nr-hraskn 6., New Jersey rI, NeSw Yirrk 152, North ('arolina 27, Ohio Pu, 236, J'ennsvlvania 143, Wisconsin 54, Ver- itsi r mont71,. Virginia 10, S-.uthr Carolina 41, thi STennessee 22, Texas 179, Missiesippi 10, if West Virginia 23, etc. sat -His PREiSiNT TO IIs PAsroI;-A CovIDng- Gr I ton (Ky.) grocer bought a table caster for Sc a Christmas present tL i his pastor. It cost Zo a dollar, and Io put a tag marked fourteen ow dollars on it. Next day the reverend gen.- gr 1 tleman brought the caster (with tag at- be tached) back to the grocery man, and said at Sto him, "I am too poor in this world's tot 1goods to afford to display so valuable a mi easter on my table, and if you have no ha objection I should like to return it and take c fourteen dollars' worth of groceries for an my family in its stead." The merchant wte could do nothing but acquisce, but fancy ki t I his feelings. at That well-known and skilfal dressmaker, irn I Mrs. Jane Beil, tormeyly Miss aicJalny, has opened a pri suilt of elogant roeom for ths a*oommodttlon of her ne many frienda and enotomers, a 1it Cnaal streoet, 5n between St. Charles and Caroadelet streets. Long tho ezpertsneOe, Jolsed to natural taste ad shil of the it I highest order, oommend her to our Iay ftriends as the jut proper perses to whom they should give their orders. r so- FV YEARS OF PERSECUTION. b ote -d 1i ITS RESULTS IN TWO DIOCEBRS OF PRUSSIA. ted ti ne £ondon Tablet. Jan. It the The Kuryer Po:nanskl opens the new 1 ,, year with a review of the results during the tl mnd last five years of the Culturkampf in the o eer united dioceses of Gnesen and Posen. It L Sis a terrible picture, setting before us viv- b at Idly the extent and bitter intensity of the h It persecution under which our Cathlllo I - brethren are suffering in Prussia. The ci , bare catalogue of acts of religionus oppres- o; of slon which it records is appalling, and i 'be worth any amount of argument. Weccn- * ter not quote it in full, but the information is so i ur valuable that we think itimportant to place p; gh before our readers a summary of its chief e, sat contents. di The writer might have gone back to 1971, is ful when the first change took place in the ti attitude of the Prusian Government to- sa wards the Catholic Church, and th:e co croachments upon the rights of the Polish hi subjects of the monarchy commenced. Or p. he might have began with 1872, the year m es when the Jesuits and "kindred Orders" gI ,a were banished. But lie eas wisely chosen at ed to start from 1873, the year when legisla- be f- tion was first formally directed against the ca nd organization and discipline of the Church, a8 ts and the rights secured to her under Con- ha ed cordate and solemn declarations and kr t. pledges of the Kings of Prusesia, and even ap ,f by the Constitution itself. Since that er th time every year has seen a new addition to an of the persecuting code, each aiming in some e, fresh way to overturn the authority of the pr a. Church, to force tier children to withdraw th he themselves from obedience to her, to de- th .- privo them of the means of practizing 1i 1their rligeoe :o pna In end to t0e sntea. th .- sion of legitimately commissioned eeclesi- La 1, astics, and thus put an end to the Church eal le herself. of at During those five years, 1873 77, since w1 s the May Laws and kindred enactments TL as came into operation, the reviewer tells us ne id that the following establishments have cal . been suppressed and closed in virtue of ni this legislation : The two ecclesiastical pri n seminariesatGnesen and Posen, theinstitu- ms 0 tion for worn-out priests at Storchnest, the hem Jesuit college at Schrimn, the monasteries he ia of Reformed Frauciscans at Goruski, cri Is Posen, and Wronke; the house of the Ora- for of torians at Gostyn, and the houses of the rat Dominicans and Lazarists at Posen. The die Y following convents of nuns have been fol; e4 suppressed: That of the nuns of the cle c7 Sacred Heart of Jesus, on the Wilds, near wit , .Posen; of the Franciscan nuns at Gnesen, 74 of the Carmelite none at Poson,.of the the Uraulines at Gnesen and Posen, and sev- per a eral houses of the Servants of the Blessed itae I Virgin, while a crowd of orphanages and ace if asylums and refuges for children have been seq I withdrawn from the care of the Sisters of Bis e Charity. It is well to bear in mind that ad a all the members of the suppresaedreligious the of communities, priests as well as nuns, have twc ,t been obliged to leave the country. Two ami e canonriea are vacant in the Cathedral 150 g Chapter of Gnesen (through the death of ma, e Mgr. Zienliewicz and Canon Wojciechow.- I( it ski,) and six in that of the Posen (through rail h the death of Canon Brzezenski and Mgr. the, Vlch Kozmian, the "deposition" of the wit; a Auxiliary-Bishop, Mgr. Janiesewski, and for of Canon Kurowski, and through the pri death of two honorary canons, Herr Gebek, The parish priest of Uecb, and Herr Habisz, the give B parish priest of Deutsech-Krone. There are of 1 25 parishes in the diocese of Gnesen and the 51 in that of Posen, or altogether 76 aws parishes vacant, either through the death pase of the incumbent, or his banishment, or clsa I his incurable illness, or simply his arbitra- gen ry removal by a despotic act of authority. T Of these 76 parishes, six are double-that dire is to say, in tho case of six of them the nor parish priests were administering a second on e parish. Thus the real number of vacant don parishes is 82. In 18 of these vacancies the Chr 8ut01t0ltiR e-tlfei rste the epic ait d niiiii tian ttation of "vicars," that is, of clergymen pers who, before 1]73, were acting as assistants Juli to the parish priests of the respective but parishes. The remaining 64 are utterly has destitute of spiritual assistance. Three of n I rural deaneries in the diocese of Gnesen acts and one in that of Posen can still show no wer gaps in the ranks of their clergy. of I There have been "deposed" by sen- we tence of the civil tribunal: the Archbish- twe op, Cardinal Ledochowski (whose'banish- Juli ment is voluntarily shared by his chaplain agal and secretary, Mgr. Mezezeynski) ; the To I Auxiliary Bishop, Mgr. Janiezewski; Can- this on Kurowski, and the Rural Dean and the D Parish Priest Rzezniewaki. The following net: have been deprived of their former posit- if ti ions: Two directors of seminaries, six to lectuners of reiigion in training colleges, whb six professors in gymnasiums and Real- Stal eebulen, one bursar of the seminaries, to t three clergymen formerly employed in the raul office of the Vicar-General, one prison the chaplain, besides under varioas pretexts. thei twer:ty two assistant clergymen who had the been ordained previous to 1x73, twenty- sees three ordained in that year, and three risih clergymen belonging to religious orders. Juli To these mu t be added fifty pricest or- Pro dained since 1873, who have never been care t appointrd! t., any mission or position be- ing caure, since the "deposition" of Cardirnal mis L, dochowaki, there is n, aunthority at pru- whi scrt rec.gi teed by the law compietcat to tiat allipoit them; anti, frrther their ord;na- cen tion wins itseit, under thie May Law%, an il- tha legal act. Thie iKuryer I'ouan.l4i sets down cut StLe rn~mber of victims to the Cultur- It kampf in the ranks ,f the secular clergy the at ':. tri In twe-lve ces thi (;,Gvernment, acting bee purely in Its cvili caplacity Las taken upon les itec if to aplielnt p;arlen priests, induct snil thner into their cnhurchese, and treat them as exti if they were in full poseession of ecclea- bee astical faculties. These are: Breuk at the Kosten, Czerwinski at Zirke, Gutzmer at bon Gratz, Kubeczak at Xiins, Lizarck at dee rRcrotz, blorke at Powidz, Neumann at and tZampelburg, Nowacki at Olsornik, Rimar- the owic at Groi Chzypsako, Wmntz at Birn- te: grutr, Talaeczynseki,and Wods. Thereare itin besidee Roizuer at Santomischel. Arndt not I at Filehue, and Drazkowski at Gros Lut- poi stom, who have been nominated to those her Smissioss under provisions of the May Laws, of Shave intruded themselves without any ec- anJ clesiastical sanction, and are recognised whi r and treatsd by the Government as if they the were perfectly legitimate pastore. To a wil kindred category belong thie notorious kick the at Kahme, and Kolany at Klein Morin, whe who. althonugh nominated by persons hav- bee ing the right of presentation, were not ap- der proved by the ecclesiastical authority, but, her r nevertheless, stepped into those parishes, ing and are treated by the Government as if they had been regularly appoited. Kick, Sit may be remembered, was solemnly ad. Sjured by his own ordinary, Mgr. Forster, and Prince-Bisbop of Brelsa, not to intrude arft himself at Kabme, and warned that if he did be would incur exoommunlcation. A. To these must be added four who joined the Old Catholic body; vis., Susezynuski, Schroter. Pysaka, Kufliski, all of whom fw would, of course, have been deprived of he their livings by the legitimate authorities 1e of the Church but for the ac, ion of the May It Laws. Canonical sentences have, indeed, o' been pronounced against them, but they 'e have remained without visible effect. io These men continue to be treated by the 3e civil authorities as tble legitimate pastors a- of their respective cures; they receive their id income just as before; no priest can be '- appointed in their place; the poor parish o0 loners are left without spiritual care; and :e prosecutions have been carried out against f every one suspected of having anything to do with publishing the canonical sentences I, issued against them. Let as only recall o the fact, that the unfortunate Snsoecynski ) so forgot or trampled upon all his duties as a priest that he not only openly declared h his adhesion to the Old-Catholics, but also Ir publicly went through the ceremony of t marriage in Berlin. The pretence that so glaring an offender against the doctrines and discipline of the Church should still be treated as a legitimate pastor, after e canonical sentence had been pronounced Is against him, and the prosecution of all who - had any hand in making this sentence d known, are forcible illustrations of the spirit which animates the Prussian gov t ernmentin its behavior towards the Church a and of the honesty of its nrotestations. 0 At the beginning of 1874 there were 268 s priests in the diocese of Gnesen, and 550 in r that of Posen, making a total of 818. Of these 85 have since died, 19 of whom dur ing last year; 91 have been removed from the Rdic , a ndr 1h" a*tinn nf the H y Laws; and 23 have placed themselves in a I schismatical position; making in all a loss of 199 priests, or nearly one-fourth of the whole clerical strength of the diocese. These losses cannot be made good. No nI ew priests can be ordained, no vacancies can be filled up, that is, so as to be recog nized by the government. Were any young priest to dare to say Mase, were any legiti mately-appointed parish priest or vicar to hear a confession, even of a dying person, he would be forthwith prosecuted for the crime of bhaving "illegally usurped clerical functions." If, therefore, the losses in the ranks of the clerical body in the united dioceses of Gnesen and Posen continue to follow the rate hitherto maintained, the clergy would be completely extinguished within the next fourteen or fifteen years. With respect to the material losses which the church has suffered during the same period, the Kuryur I'oznanski declares itself not in a position to estimate them t accurately. Uotder the law of April, 1875, sequestrating the incomes of all Catholic Biiops and clergymen who will not sign a declaration of unqualified submission to C the laws of the State, the lose during the c two and a half years to the end of 1877, amounted to 663,000 marks or about £33, 150, During the same period over 200,000 r marks (£10,000) have been paid to the Roy al Commissaries administering the tempo ralities of the dioceses, as fines imposed by them at their own personal discretion and without any reference to a court of justice, for disobedience to commands issued to priests or parochial church committees. 1 The reviewer also declares his inability to give a list of the sentences passed by courts C of law upon clergymen for offenses against the May Laws, and of the amount of costs awarded against them. But as not a week passes without some prosecutions of this class, it is not difficult to form a rough - general estimate of the state of things. The bloody persecution of Decius was directed in the most straightforward man ner to destroy the existence of the Church i on earth. The method was simple: to cut down with the sword all who professed 1 Christianity, and so exterminate the Chris tian name It woe determination and vigor personified, but it failed. Then came Julian, a century later, with milder ways, O but similar purpose. History, however, E has impartially decided that this difference of method did not alter the essential char acter of Julian's proceedings ; they, too. were a persecution, as well as those of of Decis and his prefects. Neither can we discern any difference in principle be tween the persecution of the Emperor Julian and the war at present waged against the Catholic Church in Prussia. To set up the "majesty of the law"-and this the purely civil and arbitrary law of the State-upon a pedestal, like Nebuchad- e nezzar's statue, and bow down before it, as if the worshippers believed in its divinity; to seize all Catholic Bishops and priests who will not join in this idolatry of the State, to "depose" threm and banish them, to take effective steps fJr preventing their ranks from being recruited ; to seize upon the schools, to exclude the clergy from a them, claim absolute authority to regulate the whole course of education, and so poe sees himself of the minds and souls of the a rising generation-such was, in substance, Julian's anti-Christian policy; such is the } Prussian anti-Catholiccampsign. Julian's career was soon cut shtrt. But even dur ing his brief course he was able to do much mischief; and it is clear from the notices which have come down to us that the Chris tians of that time looked forward to its continuance wit!h almost greater terror than they wonid have felt towards a perse cution marked by greater visible cruelty. It is no small matter of congratulation for the Church of Prussia that, if the present trial has been protracted, the evil it has been able to effect has been limited. It 1 has brought, indeed, much auliction andt suffering, hut they have chiefly affected the external order of things; and it has also been the occasion of wonderfully enlivening the faith of the people, strengthening the bonds of unity, inflaming their charity, and deepening their attachment to the Church and the Holy See. And if a very few of the pastors have unfortunately shown a themselves to be wolves in sheep's clothing, it is consoling to know that the flocks have not allowed themselves to be led astray to poisonous pastures by those hireling ehep herds, but have shown the utmost tenacity of adherence to Catholic faith, discipline, - and devotion. These are precious fruits, which we may hope will abide long after 2 the present storm shall have ceased, as it will in God's own time, to add another to the many illustrations of the folly of all who, hlike Decims or Julian, strive either to beat down the Church by violence, or un dermine her by the more specious arts of heresy, schism, and fraud, and by hinder ing her from exerting her Divime mission. It is sweet to have friends you can trust, and convenient to have friends who are not afraid to trust youea. a BEGGAY IN ENGLAND. Ce!onel Frney's London Ltter to the Prws. Beggary follows the absence of employ. ment all over the kingdom, and if the sea. f son were as harsh as the times, charity, however generous and active, would be ineffectual. The newspapers are fall of sad details, and the half has not been told. In the manufacturing districts nothing but the liberal perseverance of the rich saves the poor from starvation. Two thousand half famished children in one district of South Wales, called Merthyr, were fed last night. Shoeless, ragged, unwashed boys and girls, from two to twelve years old, had ,ine bowl of soup each for the first time in weeks. AornOHR NATIONAL MONUMeNT.-A design for a national historical Washington mono ment hee been circulated among Congressmen and others. It in designed to supercede the present unfinibsed strooture. The pedestal is divided into three secders or stories, repre senting the three great epoohs in the. history of the country, vii.: the Discovery, the Dawn of Civilization and the great Reveoltionary period, the third story being in full relief. Wsbhington's generals are of colossal size. Eight of them are mounted on horseback, two at each of the four corners. The rest are in groope between the corners. There would be in all twenty-five colossal statles, sixteen of them equestrian. The whole structure would be eighty-two feet in height, surmounted by an equestrian statue of General WAshington. The estimate of the entire cost is E344.000. HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS V BIRI, Importer, Manuaetiurer and Dealer in WILLOW WARE. WAGONS, CRADLES, MARKET BASKETS, Work Baskets. Chairs. Clothee Baskets, German and French Fancy Bastket, etc. 120, 288 and 253 Chartres Streets, ja0 78 ly praw eO.LANte. CARPETS. CARPETS. ELKIN & CO. 168.............Canal Stsee.t........ .. 16 Are receiving new and elegant styles of AXMINSTER. VELVET. BRUSSELS, THREB'PLY and INGRAIN CARPETS. OFFICE MATTINGS, WINDOW SHADEB and CORNICES. CURTAINS and UPHOLSTERY GOODS, OIL CLOTHS, from a'. to eighteen feet wide. ochl "7ly AT TIE LOWEST PRICES. A. BROUSSEAU & SON, 17............Chartree Street..........17 IMPORTER AND DEALER IN Carpetings, FLOOB OIL-CLOTHS, CHINA AND COCOA MATTING. TABLE AND PIANO COVERS, WINDOW SHADES, CRUMB CLOTHS,. RUGS. MATS, CARRIAGE. TABLE AND ENAMEL OIL-LOTHS WHOLESBAL AND RETAIL. CURTAIN MATERIALS-Lace, Reps, Damaska Cornices, HBands. Pinas. Ginpa, Loops and Tassels, Hair Cloth, Plush, Bed Ticking and Springs, BURLAPS, by the Bale and Piece. Prices as low as those of any one else in the trade. 7ol 7 IV" FURNITURE AT HUGH FLYNN'S, 167 and 169.....Poydraa StPeet,.....167 and 169 You can find the CHEAPEST BEDROOM SETS, THE CHEAPEST DINING ROOM SETS, THE LOWEST PRICE PARLOR FURNITURE IN THE CITY. A large stock. and anxious to sell. 001477 ly Respectfully informs his friends and the pub!o that at his new store, 44............ Camp Street ............. 144 He has a fresh and well-selected assortment of BUILDERS' and GENERAL HARDWARE Carpenterse' Tools. Orates. Stoves and House Furnish itg Goods of all kinds. he is better prepared than ever before to do Copoer, Tin and Sheet Iron Wonk, and will furnish estimates to Builders andt others, and guarantee. satiofoation toall. jeilll ly NEW SEWING MACHINES AT HALF PRIOC AT J. BOOTH'S GENERAL SEWING MACHINE DEPOT, No. 614 Magazine Street, near Josephine. Raving now oompleted arrmangemeots to buy my Ma ohlna direct from the Manufacturers for eash. and emploj ing no canvassers. to whom large salaries or commissions are paid, I am able to offer greater inoducements than any other honue In the city to parties desiring to purchase any of the popflar SEWING MAHINES. I have also a large stock of second-hand Machlsnes. allof which hare been rebuilt and are guaranteed equal to new, and which I can sell at from I15 to t25. lex change. rent and repair all klnds of Sewing Machines. 4 A complete stuck of Needles, 0O1 and Attachments fr all Machinee. J. BOOTH, 614 Magarsine street, New Orleans. Agent for Butterick's and Mmoe. Dsnorest' Patterns. ,ri' 77 ly ESTABLISHED 1i57. G. PITARD, IMPORTER AND D1EAIR IN HARD WARE, GRATES, PAINTS, OILS. VARNISH, WINDOW GLASS WALL PAPEtR, ETC., ,21 and 223......Canal Strot...... 22ln and Between Rampart and Basin etreets, ap22 ly r;rW OR.rPVrs. 'ATTENTION! Families, Individuals, Everybody, DO ANY OF YOU WANT FURNITURE AT A GENUINE IARtGAINI If so, call at my establlshment, 172 Camp street, and ook at my stock and ascertain my prices. I know I can satisfy and sell to you, if you wish to buy and will call. There is nothing in the Furniture line that I do net have, and of the very best quality. W. B. IINGROSE, sel 77 ly 172 Camp street. UNDERTAKERS. JOHN O. ROCHE, 250 and 2:2.... Mg azine Street ....250 and 62 lv ear Delord. UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMzB. All bueines entrusted to my core will receive prompt and careful attention at moderate rates. caRRIAG~o TO HIRE. J&3&l07 ly FRANK JOHNSON, Undertaker, 205 and 207....Magazine Street..205 and Wt7 New Orleans. mAl kinds of Metallio C. and Oeskes, Bowoed, Mahogany and Plain Cofn. "Lg Thy NIS'llLLIAEOUSADVERTISE t O.-, -4 OTB'IG0 OF Twu AMERICAN COTTON TIE CO,, 47..........Canondelet reet.. 1MPORT4.VT 2SPSIAL NOT.C. The AMERICUOAN OOTTON C0I" (LIMITED) bhaving Add the pries .f ro ARROW COTTON TIE st ie 5s per bundle. less t Per Tsl dlaoesnlt be the General a tents hereby anthsori their Bam . In this altI (dealer in BaIn~n `WeS) to , ''- " entract wlith Paetore and Couanry M 1er- future delivery on the above.aaed primoandl in qeantltlie, from time to time, aa yV.ee" settlements being mde on delivery. r~ U The Company having a lrge tock no en, lam having contracted for an abundant snpp!y to af--%* entire demand for Cotton Ties throuehot thre. e Ptates. the celebrated ARROW TIE win b pl upon themarket generally. and esold hrtheir a Agonts ai the prieo and terms above Ittedn t s the obJect and purpoee of the Company to g Hnr continued patronage of the planting conmnunliy. R. W. RAYNE & CO., aeul 77Tly OEPterL AER1TS. J. H. KELLER, e r o l are ct mo n o o f elo per cet .al.d n1e0 eGRv ,e di .dn o reu pd ALL KINDS OF LAUNDRY AND TOILET 3W p KELLER'S FAMOUSI CARBOLIC SOAP lei4 ly For Cleansing an d Dneinfteotleg sumtB. HJBERIA INSURANCE COMP.IIT, Office, No. 37 Camp Street. JOHN HENDERSON. President. P. IRWIN. Vice ProaidentL -'RO.. F. BRAGG, Secretary. ings.. .... ......... =19101 Passes Paid ........ ....... . 73.I, Net Profits.............. 5..... . 0,.,I5 At an election held on Mondny, the 7th lai., ise ollewing named gentlemen were chbosen Director a this COompany to servo for the ensuing year: P. Irwin, John Hendorees, Thomas Kian. Thomas Smtth, Thee. Gilmore. W. J, Casutl, John T. Gibbons, Jas. A. OGrdnar, William Hart. Emhle Gauche. David Jaokson John H. Mainna T. .. Gasquet. And at a meeting of the Board,beld May 14th, J-S HENDERSON. President, P. IRWIN, Vio-Presidest and THOS. F. BRAGG, Secretry, were unanim ly re-eleoted. The Board declared out of the net profits of Ws Company for the past twelve months eI per cant in. terest- also S per oent dividend on the paid up capital and 0 per cent dividend on premiums paid by ea holders (making, with the roebte, 35 per msI ona Nolums). Said interest and dividenrto be plared t@0 credit of the stock notes. Interest and dividend on full paid stock prsat ala cash t the office of the Company on and afterJune 15 New Orleans. May Ita. 1877. mn 0 m 17 J LINCOLNJ. .n..O AND REMOVES ALL KINDS OF BUILDI1EG 0icc. 119 Robln street. ll oommunlctaions shou!d he addressed to Barl Mechanics' and Trd,,rs' Exchange, rnoer St. C Countrv orders uroontlvatteanded to. 917 171 CARRIAGE MAKERS. JOSEPH SCHWARTZ, IMPORTIR AND ODEALE IN Carriage, Wagon and Cart Materials Springs, Axles, Bolts, Ready-Made Wheuls, ae Bodies, Wood Work. Trimmings, PAINTS AND VAtRNISRiS. SARVEN PATENT WRW, Agent for the Celebrated BLACKSMITH'S FAN BLOWER. Carriage and Wagon Maker and BRepain, -- Salesrooms and Factory - Nos. 43, 4.5 and 47 Perdido Street, Near Carondelet Street. detS 727 ty aw oRLxEan. J. THOMSON & BROS., Carriage and Spring Wagon Makers, 68 and 70 ..... Rampart Street ...... (i and Between Common and Gra vter. Recnived ifighot Premiums at State Faire of 1isI.1 "73J and 1"76 for beet F. :nWly Photon, V icora, Ot and Top lnt,;es. Beer Wagon, Grocer's Wagon, Express Wagon, etO. Being practical workmen,. c0 employitneo cbaOl the beat mnehaulto, we are prepa-red to mate'ntc ' or repair Ctriagne, Bnggets. Spring Wagon, eta. Ci relfer to teeny bucinoe me, in the c.ty usingen; rehi el onrm ennafartctre. All work iuaranteed. fecGF11 WV. F. CLARK, 134 and i'c.... P. ,:,Ipart.. Street..... 134 and 1- Botween Touloune and St. Peter, Irw OILEAti. -- Banurac:urer of all kind, of Carriages, Barouches, Buggies, Ezprees Wagons, Platfj:om and Elliptil Sprins WagoRs, SEWIN'G MACHINR WAGONS. ETC. Agen: for Ja.. CUnoiogLsm & Son'sce:ebretMO riagec and hoarea. Coontry ordore promptly ·tfld to.atte BELLS. Ghana, gbwl, Fi f l.r ia."tr a 1mnlrtd. ior.fra, aun .d. Crolb cA 0 :1nl.Pi. ....tQ. llam.er Manuacturin 00g . jaG 78 ly eow nrcE S.L. rr'pltT Zfl,,NI.A./ d I~ l 8aperlor H o ~ atouutadv,) tC. et bnlaoU 18B·DL fn(F. a. Cwurc [ SIaL M lip Ws ra ted. Cad" n, rw *.~.:~Culq.. .alR V AIIZEN * TIrr, fog. .dtot u u 8amDPOICI\.UaJW 31200 Prep.OAt t.vm91~I - AWT AI. AgeaasaArd' nYUbUUae°LN . rA RtASt goA IUI8WA77 vE.l "BI~Y in',r. s~cuu~o