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mW OUMMANI. U ImA, FrBUARY Qt. 18s8. PAPAAL ELBCTIONB. Catholic World for January. Si[Coaluded. I Theodorio the Goth, having once been led to, now thought to take the ini ative in the election of a successor to oba I., whom he had left to die of starva oa and neglect on his return from Con ple, where be had spoken rather ing to his conscience than ID favor Arians, as the king expected. On -.recommendation St. Felix IV. was pope outhe 12th of July, 526. The anelergy and senate protested against stleal. of royal authority, although ha'ao.objection to the nominee, who idmpile, mild and charitable. The -- is not adjusted until a compromise a-sbeted under Atbhalaric, whereby the so clergy by their votes, and the Ro pople by theiramsent, were to elect a RBoman pontiff, who would then be 'emrhned by the king as a matter of course. 'Te popes were elected in this way until extinction of the Gothic kingdom of 'italy in the person of Teiss, who was dehfeated and killed by Narses, general of -IJstinan, in the year 553. The Greek mperor, having recovered his sway in SItly, continued the abuse, to which the Ramine had submitted only through fear e tho barbarians, and arrogated to himself and speosesors the right of confirming the eleetion of the pope. Hence, as Baroninus remark, arose the prudent custom at Rome leoting to the Papacy those members clergy who had been Apocriciarii i.e., agents or lsunmsoe '6f the Holy Be-st Oonstantinople, where it was presumed .they had won the favor of the court and versed in matters of state. Thus riiht of confirmation was reduced In es to a mere formality, although in ieple ever so wrong In this way were eeted Vigilius in 550, St Gregory I. In *, 8binlan in 6'14, Boniface III. in 607, others who were personally known to e Byzantine rulers, Avarice or a love of money under some text or another, was a besetting sin of Greeks, and from it arose a new and re degrading condition imposed on pa elections. The imperial sanction was n only on payment by the Holy See of x of 3,000 golden solidi, a sum equal to n thousand dollars of our money. me writers, it mast be said, attribute Imposition of this odious burden to the to kings. Graveson, who agrees with says (Hist. Eccl., tom. ii. psage 62) the money was always distributed in to the poor.) The Emperor Constan Pogonatus, at the request of the papal tee to the Fourth General Council of tantin6ple in 681, exempted the Holy from the further payment of the tax. as moved to do so by the sanctity of tho; but he still retained the ae right of forbidding the pope's con tion until his election had been con A few years later, however, be ted a constitution to Benedict II., his nal friend, and to whose guardianship left his two sons, Justinian (II) and aelius, in which he forever abrogated arbitrary law. The concession was atefully revoked by Justinian; and on, who was elected on October 21, was obliged to ask the consent of the ch of IRavenna, viceroy of the emperor, consecration. This necessity gener occasioned a delay of from six weeks we months. The exarche of Ravenna, og command of the troops and the key e imperisl treasury in the west, felt selves in a position to abusn authority try to set up creatures of their own oi e. Often did the Roman clergy and ny popes protest against their irieginlr ts. The choice of Pelagins II., in 57,. e not submitted to tl:e customary ralifi on, because the Lombards around Rome cut oft all comimunicat.on with the ter world. The historian Novae3 says that although e Holy See resisted the interference of ular princes, yet the turbulent spirit of e Romans, often stirred up by unscropu us ministers or by the sovereigns them Ives, obliged the popes to have recourse these same princes to maintain order at eir consecration. Nothing, we think, I tter confirms the necessity of a temporal ominlon whereby the popes can exclude I e exercise of foreign influence- in Rome, - d themselves vindicate the character of government for which they are re ponsible. Papal elections were of anso ab- I olutely peaceful nature only after Goths, I mbards, Greeks, and Germans ceased to I upport an armed force in Rome or its t ieinity. Guarantees are deceitful; and ae ere personal sovereignty of the pope I itboat a territory attached would be in- I nffilient to assure the independence of the I oly See. A very remarkable law found its way into I rstian's decree, under the name of Pope I tephen, by which it is ordained that the t ewly-elected pontiff shall be consecrated a n presence of the imperial ambassadors. t The learned are divided in their opinion bout which pope passed this law. Barp ins, Papebroch, Natalis Alexander, and there attribute it to Stephen IV.. elected I n 816: Pagi inclines to Stephen VI., Fl as f VII.; Manets to Deusdedit, elected in 615; ( while some think that it belongs to John IX., because it is found among the acts of t a council held by him in S13. Novrese suggests that this council may only have ( ven a more solemn sanction to an older s aw. When Eugene Ii. was elected on the c 5th of June, 8"24, he concerted with Lotbair, t n of the emperor Louis, who had named c im King of Italy and his colleague in the a mpire, to put a stop to the cabals and a Sdisorders among the Roman people. a e iassued a decree enjoining upon the f an clergy to swear fealty to the a Prankish emperors, but with this signifl-I c eant reservation: "saving the faith that I a ve pledged to the suanccessor of St. Peter" vafide quam rcpromisi Domino Apoto - a o'o-and not to consent to an oncanonical r factious election of a pope. The same fi pope also voluntarily offered to bind the A Roman pontiff. to be consecrated in the n presence of the so-called Bez Bomanorum, a if he were in the city, otherwise of his I envoy. Pagi thinks that this was done to p propitiate in advance these growing moen arbhs of the north, and distract them from a the idea of continuing the policy of the p Eastern emperors, who, as we have seen, a would not allow the popes to proceed to ( consecration until their election had been a conflrmed-.Eoagene's act seems 4to--us - have been a snbtle stroke of diplomacy. h While it flattered, by conveying the im- p pression that the presence of Cie r (as be a was pompously called) or of his legates p gave splendor and mmgnoence so ahe ceremony of conseeration, it disarmed the .' emperor by implying the right of the popes to be consecrated at their own convenience, for if his meaning had been that the preos ence of the king or of his ambassadors were a necessary condition to the legality of the act, he would have deliberately n placed himself ard successors in the same relation to these new rulers, that his pre o decessors had been obliged, though under - protest, to assume toward the emperors of - the East-which is manifestly absurd. r Nevertheless, both the Frank and Saxon r emperors frequently claimed the right to n something more than a mere honorary part a in papal election, which led to long years e of party strife and discord between church it and state. Leo IV. in 847, confirmed the h decree of Eugene, although, on account of o the Saracen around Rome, he was corise e crated without waiting for the imperial e ambassadors; and the same was the case, e but without any ostensible reason, with - Stephen V , alias VI. This shows that the t presence of the envoys was an honorary e privilege, which conferred no authority to go back of or revise the election itself, as I Hadrian III., Stephen's immediate prede f cessor, expressly affirmed In a decree given a by Martinus Polonns, Mabillon, and Pagi. f It is but fair to confess that this decree is c not considered authentic by all; but what a historical document has not been called in a question by some hypercritic or other, r especially in Germany I That it is not f apocryphal is shown by the fact that one a of Hadrian's successore-John IX., elected s in 898-annulled it in view of the peace a ensured by the presence of the ambasea a dors, and restored the- earlier ordfnance of SEugene. t Th-eIxl-iof the canonlaw, and especially I the passage Canonioo rits et coasuetudine. I has been often appealed to by Casarists s and Protestant historians, as though it i demonstrated that a papal election not made according to its requirements was uncanonical and invalid. In the first place Cardinal Girampi remarks that Eugene's decree was a personal privilege Advocatise given to the princes of the Carlovingian line: and in the second place Thomassin observes upon John's decree that the f imperial ambassadors were not admitted to I the election, but only to the subsequent consecration ; that they were there to t overawe the turbulent; and that in time f their presence became a custom and was looked on as a part, so to speak, of the external rite of consecration. It had, ! besides, become so useful as a repressive measure against the enemies of the Holy i See that It received the high sanction of being countenanced by the canon law itselt. Pope Nicholas II., in the eleventh century, explained the text Quia Eancta in I the same sense. It must be said, to the f discredit of the Othos and the Henrys, that they too often slipped from the inch of privilege to the ell of (pretended) right, and went so far as to interfere in a direct and absolute sense at papal elections, in truding some less worthy subjects into the Papacy; but when once these occupied the seat of Peter they were to be recog nized and respected on the same principle that the highpriests were in the irregular age of the Selencidam and the Romans when they sat upon the chair of Moses. Yet even the imperial influence, says Kenrick, was beneficially exercised in several in stances, particularly those of Clement II. and St. Leo IX. Dr. Constantine Hofler has written a work replete with informa tion about the German popes and the phy sical aspect, the morals, manners and cues toms of the Romna in their time. Charles Heman'e books (we cannot serionaly call them worke) ,u Ancient and lMcdiar--al Christianity and Eacred Art in Italy, while they show considerable acquaintance with the beet authorities on the subject, rani feet a detestable anianna against thu Holy See, whichi shows their writer to be as great an adept in tho "art of putting things" as the far more learned anthoi of tt.e eight. volnme history of" the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, Ferdinand Gregorovins. While the corruption of some popes and the depravity of the tenth century have been exaggerated by many historians, the condition of the Papacy. at that time is I certainly a warning against the interfe rence of secular princes in the elections; ; for, as the great Baronins remarks (ad an. I 900), Nihil penetus Ecclesia Bomans con tingere potest funesius, tetrius nihil atque lugubrius, quam ai principes seculares in Romaeiorum Pontificum electiones manus immitfant. In the middle of the eleventh century a I movement was began to reform the method of conducting papal elections, which even tually limited them within the legitimate circle of ecclesiastical prerogatives, totally excluding the direct influence of the in ferior clergy and the aristocratic and pop ular element of the laity. Pope Nicholas II., having assembled a synod of one hundred and thirteen bishops in the Lateran Palace in the month of April, 1059, passed alaw to the following effect: On t the death of the pope the cardinal-bishops ' shall first meet in council and with the utmost diligence treat of a successor ; they shall next take joint action with the car dina!-priests, and finally consider the wishes of the rest of the) clergy and of the Roman people. If a worthy subject can be found among the members of the Roman (higher) clergy itself, he is to be preferred, otherwise a fioreigns'r shall be elected ; so that, however, the honor and regard due to our beloved son lHenry, now king, and soon, I God grant, to be emperer, which we have t seen proper to 6how to him and to hi suc- f cessors who may personally apply for it, c be not diminished. If a proper election cannot take place in Rome, it may be held anywhere else. In the year 1061 another synod was held, in which it was distinctly stated that themere fact of election in the 1 foregoing manner placed the elect in pos session of plenary apostolic authority; consequently, the emperor's confirmation h was excluded, in the sense that without it the election was invalid. From this period, although the struggle was not yet over b the Papacy was completely emancipated from any kind of subjection to the empire. i Alexander II., successor to Nicholas, did t not communoicate his election to the court ; and altbough St. Gregory VICL, gl*riuo Hildebrand, did do so, it was partly from prudence in view of the excitement in Ger many occasioned by the setting up of the anti-pope Cadolaue in resentment for his a predecessor's neglect, and partly from his e sense of hooor, lest it should be thought 8 (since he Ihad taken a principal part in en- t acting the estatute of Pope Nicholas) that b Ie-aleda-hiuteelf- of an ad-vautagewhich he had himself created-artfully, as asnus picious-minded persons might think-in anticipation of one day ascending the ps- a pal chair. He was the last pope who ever e fore proceeding to be consecrated and en is throned. The great Catholic powers still , continue to exercise a measure of influence .- in these elections, but of a purely advisory a character, except in the case of those few y which enjoy the privilege of veto, or the y esclsive, as the Romans say. At the Third e General Council of the Lateran, held in the year 1179 by Alexander III., a most Im r portant advance was made in the manner if of holding the elections. The right of the cardinals to elect, without reference to the n rest of the Roman clergy or of the people, o was affirmed, and a majority of two-thirds rt of their votes required for a valid election. a This law was readily approved by tie h bishops and members of the council, and e incorporated in the cannon law, where it if is found among the dacretals of Gregory -I. IX. SMASSACHUSETIS, "THERE SIIE TAN\DS" b - e LETTER FROM COMMODORE BOUTVWELL. o PHILADELPHIA, Jan 28, 1878. is Editor N. Y. Freeman's Journal : •- Dear kSir:-In the recent address of n Senator Blaine, on presenting the statue i. of Governor King, of Maine, to be placed in is the Capitol, I think he omitted to mention it the following incidents in the history of n Massachusetts, In 1812, General Hall r, ingloriously surrendered his army and the it city of Detroit to the English. General W. a H. Harrison was appointed to succeed him, d and immediately the militia of Ohio, Ken , tacky, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, flocked to his standard. About the same time, if President Madison called on Massachusetts and Connecticut for their militia to defend y their-marttlinefronter;-the mtlitia-waan i. furnished, although it was known at the a time that a large British fleet was on our it coast. President Madison in his message t to Congress, dated November 4, 1812, uses a the following language on the subject: e "Among the incidents to the measure of a the war, I am constrained to advert to the re refusal of the Governors of Massachusetts o and Connecticut to furnish the required o detachments of militia towards the defence e of the maribine frontier. The refasal was founded on a novel and unfortunate expo t sition of the provisiaovn of the Constitution a relating to the militia. The correspon a dence, which will be befure you, contains a the requisite information on the subject. a It is obvious that if t'ae authority of the - United States to call into service and com a mand the militia for the public defence, can be thus frustrated, even in a state of f declared war, they are rot one nation for r the purpose most of all requiring it; and 7 I that the public safety may have no other I i resource, than in those large and perma- v a nent military eetabli.ihmente which are i forbidden by the priiciples of our free c f government, and against the necessity of i, which the militia were meant to be a con- a stitutional bulwark." Of course the people of Massachusetts were not disloyal during B the war of 1812, but they were the most I strenuous advocates of State rights; in deed, they were so wedded to that "heresy" 0 that General Fessenden introduced the i following resolution into the Legislature s of Massachusetts for its consideration: I "And, therefore, be it resolved, that we , recommend to his Excellency, Caleb Strong, to take the revenue of the State into his own hands, arm and equip the militia, and declare us independent of the Union." That distinguished man, Rev. Dr. Dwight, said: "The Declaration of lodependence is a wicked thing." Fshlier Ames said: "Oar country is too democratic for liberty, too big for union, and too sordid for patriot ism." The Boston (a:elte is said to have °i threatened President Madison with death, if lie attempted to compel the Eastern States to fight against England. But, Mr. Editor, if Sou require any more proof of Massachusetts devotion to State rights in 1814, read Mathew Cary'e work, entitled the ' Olive Branch," and the letters of 1 Pelham, published in New England about the same time. Secretary Evarts, at the New England dinner, some weeks since, in New York, advised us to accept the opin ions and virtues of New England in the 2 future. Does lie refer to the ideas of 1814, or those of 1861, for there was evidently a change in the political opinions of some of the distinguished men of Massachusetts after the Englishman, William Lloyd Gar - rison, came over and burnt the Constitution of the United States on Boston Common In giving a correct history of the life and services of Governor King, I do not see how Senator Blaine could have dealt more tenderly with Massachusetts, and, at the same time, confined himself to the truth. There is an argument used by Massachu setts. as an excuse for her leaning towards Old England during the war of 1812, which I do not subscribe to. It is as follows : "Massachusetts discerned better than the Union that our permanent ally and co partrer in civilization would be England. In that faith died Washington and Hamil ton." I do not believe the story so far as Washington is concerned. He remembered that England attempted to retain us in L' perpetual slavery, and that France came to our assistance at tlhe darkest period of our revolutionary struggle, and helped us a to gain our independence. Washington also knew that the United States was wi destined to be--if the States remained united-the great commercial rival of Great Britain, and that there would always he a feeling of jealousy on her part. Beeides, Washington was a man of grati tude, and he could not, as long as he lived, forget the services of Lafayette and hisi 2 countrymen. Respectfully, etc., E. B, BOUTWELL, U Late U. S. Navy. PfUBLIC THRIFT AND PUBLIC FOLLY. The fact that the French five per cents com mand a higher price than our own in the mar kets of the world will probably attract the 20 attention of a good many Americans this year who visit the great Exposition st Paris. Per ham they may be set to thinking about the cauones of this phenomenon, which will not impress them lees but more when they find that the expenditures of the French Govern ment for 1877 were more than swies as great - as those of the United States Government, and that the publico debt of France is twioes ua irge as thabt of the United States. Patting these sums into pounds sterling, as London is the great central financial mart and exchange of the world, we asnertain that in 1877 France expended £10T,428 lt52, while the United States expended £51.691951; and that the publio debt of France amounts to £9.37.000000 while that of the United 8tates amounts to £409470,140. Yet in spite of this enermous djff~ent niiiio tirden Trt-e by-thTwi countries and of the vastly greater natoral re soornes and larger population of the United States. the promise of France to pay a man S per cent. for the use of a thousanod dollars is worl than the promise of the United States. The French rentee sell for 110 to 111 in London; the United States fves for less than 104. Is : not is this a circomstance of a sort to set Ame Y ricans to thinkingo And while be is considerlng it what willt the traveling American infer from e the additional ciroumetance that in the same d money markele of the world English cotsels, a paying only 3 per cent. interest, sell for from 95 ,to 16 Yet England has a national debt of r£775 57 713, against our national debt of £409. 470 140, and England spent £79 0'25 228 in 1877, e agains £31.691 95) spent by the United 8tates e Government. ' In the affairs of nations et in those of idli C vidnals credit is a matter not of resonrces so much as of the management of resouroes. A e spendtbrift Marquis of Hastings can get as i much money as a prudent Masquis of West t minster up to a certain point, but he wall have to pay a good -taitmore for it. The British debt is but a little less than twine as large as ours; and yet, while it coat England in 1877 a little less than £27,000 OC to manage and pay interest on her sdet, Secretary Sher man asks for more than £18000,000 to pay the interest on our debt for the next year. We think and speak habitually of Great Britain as a free-trade-country, and when a proposition is made, as by Mr. Wood's committee at the pre sent moment, to improve and simplify, and lighten the burdens of our revenue system, the e public ear is deafened with the outcry that we a most keep op the tariff to maintain the reve a nue. Most we, indeedt In 1877 Great Britais f collected from customs duties £20,410. 420. In I the same year -e collected from the same seuroe only £20 614,377. And yet Great Brit ain has simplified her duties,to the lowest point while we levy duties on nearly every article I that enters our ports from the ocean or crosses our northern frontier I r A man has no more right to say an uncivil thing than to act one; no more right to say a rude thing to another that to knock him Sdown.-D-. Eituele r dJolifson. WESTERN PRODUCE, LIQUORS, ETC. WESTERN PRODUCE AND PROVISIONS. Sheehan & Henderson, COMMISSION MERCHANTS, AND DXALES 11N DRY SALTED MEATS. BACON, PORE, LARD. SUGAR-CURED HAMS, FLOUR, CORN MEAL, ETC. 97............. Poydra Breet ............. 97 Jla3 Im 0. K. Byrnes & Bro., 77 and 79.......Paydras Street.......77 and 79 Have been appointed our agents for the sale of our well-known and popular White Wheat O. K. WHIS KEY, as also for onur several other Standard Brands. Our Whiskies can be shipped direct from our Dlstil leries to all purohasers. We challenge the production of a purer artticle JAS. H. O'DONNELL & BROS.. Nelson County and Covington, Ky. OPINION OF AN EMINENT CHEMIST. This is to certify that I have made an analt sis of the 0 K. Whiskey manufactnred by .fae. H. ODonneal & Bro.. and that I ined the same to he of exoellent qeil ite, free from fueti oil. or any other deleterious sub. stance, and welt suited either as a beverage or for medical use. E. S. WAYNE, Ph. D.. Chemist. Covington. Ky.' April 19. 1.,7. 513 Im JOHN T. GIBBONS & CO., DOAL. 0 0L GRAIN, CCORNMEAL AND HAY, 57, 59,61,63. ..New Leveo Street.. .57,50, 1,63 an1277 7y U.rn ,: Poydras. Now Orleane. JOHIN McCA u-.'I'E Y 112ALýt IN RAY, GRAIN, CORNMEAL, FLOUR, ALL KIND OPF Western Produce Constantly on Hand. I8 and 30...... Poydras Street.......28 and 30 Corner of Fulton, uiS 77 ly saw O"LCeai. BOOTS AND SHOES-HATS. 3 D. CRASSONS, 26....,...... Frenchmen Street......... ..26 -ul6 77 ly Maw OSLEAI. PONTCHARTRAIN CHEAP STORE. J. A. LACROIX, Cornor Frenchman and Victory Street.. LADIES'. GENTS', MISSES' AND CHILDREZN' BOOTS AND SHOES Of all descriptions. Always on hand a fu'1 ssao tment of first-class goods at price. which defy competition. Call and examine my stock before purchasing else. whets. MY MOTTO: "Quaick sales and smaIl profits." Jackson Railroad cars peso in front of the store. . ... . .. .. ,.Tv ,.. . . . . UNDERTAKERS. JOHN O. ROCHE, 2"0 and 2 2.... -Msggzin Street .... 250 and 2,2 sear Delord. UNDERTAKER AND EMBALMBB. All businese entrusted to my care wi:l receive promtt and careful attention at moderate rates. CARILIAGE TO HIRE. J3O 78 1" FRANK JOHNSON, Undertaker, 205 and 207.... Magazine Street...205 and J(7 New Orleane. All kinds of Metallic Cages and OCaskes. Rowwood. Mahomany and Plaain Coia. mhl 77 ly BELLS. .8 C..!e m.1h 7.00 t1rd. . prio. at., a.. fM.. liymier Manufacturing Co.. o +acia.O JIA7A I Ieow *t'CCEWE 5 LL FO. WO DUT Prrp.,W v..11. ( Cnpper and Tin. ene··.d. b·.L.· Mnten7· INe .an7sDl-fi ]Ante Walrranted AD cud 1A4l IcuD- ClEenT. N.4 PLANTERS, ATTENTION! GRIFFIN'S EMPLOYERS' AND SERVANTS INTELLIGENCE BUREAU AND CLAIM AGENCY, 114 CARONDELET STREET, NEW ORLEANS. The nodtrag ed having b.d omany yasr' reporter he in one of the largest Northern c!tiUL in the seleot.eM of servant. for employer. uand in otilln g attuationa for the 0enmploved, cad helrleing in the advast ieoa the pnblic of a pat manett boeauu. n boere hose neeooding help can rl at any time and procure such a ltacy be ra qaired. and those onutot employomest nan obtain good iltuatioue. inlirm the public that they have esnablidsd a buaran as above, where, at the shabortet notitee, PRIVATE FAMILIES, BOARDING HROUTER. HOTELo. RETTAURATS. STEAMBOATS, STOll. PLANTATIObS, ITC. kTC., tan be supplied with first-clas Crobs. Walters Wnrses. rtewards (male and female), Matrons, Ronsekeepor*. Beamatreees Trarveling 8sevant., Ladiel' Maids Vaete, PFervnte of all Wotk. Hen or Wome to workt by the day or month. Also,. Book.reper, Clerks, alestmon. Overeers for PIcltttosa. Dar.tendera. eoasmoa. Walters, Grooms Itostlets, Lfoe Cleaners Bole for say cccupatlos, and likewise Laborers for Plantalea, white and colored. Er fllh,. French. American. German and Spanish employers, wishing irettclas help, and those desialg gead I altuations in the city or country, will find itt, their advantage TO CALL AT ONCE. OR COMMUNICATE AND i AVE TREIR NAMES REGISTERE]R Special attention grven to private familiesra, and ladles will find it to their advantage to call is peras, make known their requirementa. NEATLY Il'RIISBBED SITTING ROOMS FOR TROBS DESIRING SITUATIONS. Planters wishing flret-clase laborers from the North or any of the Southern States (white or oloered), w hba o their order filled on shoet notice. by calling in person or addreseong bhle bueru, a we hwavenageea t i each of the outhbern States a well ae In Northern o tie ezpreely for the purpoe of eggnagig hads. Agents wanted in the eontty parishes and In the states ef Alabama.L eorglla. Maeelepot ad 'Tans, Io whom a Itberal coonpenatico will be po.,, for the purpose of engaging and forwardtig labor. For parutloeare enclose postagoe amp. UNITED STATES CLAIM AGENCY. Claims of all kinds against the States or the United States for bounty, pensions, prise money, et, ete., ooll~ectdpromptly. ladI Warrants of the Revolutionary. Black Hawk. Florida, Mecalon Wars, and War of lStI. bought andentl. Compensation obtained for al losers of stock, product, or otherwise, sustalnsd by acts of the 4ederalAlgg during the war. du l l r.y G. H. GRIFFIN 4 00 s ' "B 4yW saw-a 2 ýW i 3 AT NO-VE E L' S IN T v 1 1RK !' UT T -3 , 13'1 and l 'g3 Poydras, near Carondelet Street. THE CHEAPEST PLACE IN TOWN TO BUY FUBNIT URE. I am offering big inducementr , as my agent has bought very extensively front the best Norther,. .Usmmts and Western Factories aCt VERY LOW PRICES. I sm offering Victoria Bedroom Suite. comprlsing ten pIeces, for (45, the cheapest Suit over o01eed gIn town. I am also offering Walnut Victoria Dreeming Cae Suti.. omuprlsiug slove Plece.s for 1ttO, the hbestl town for that money and In the lateet tyleie. 1 am offerlin Parlor Suite in the latet styles very low, cned .. lag ten pieces Walnut in hair cloth frame, $05 and npwards. And a VETY LIOEM AdSSORTMENT of all kinds of FURNITURE, too numerone to menutlo, eg0aly Parties in need of FURNITURE will do well to call and exasline my stock and prices, for they are he lowest in the city. lll Goods packed and shipped free of charge, and Furniture, taken on Storage very low. Thanking my friends and the public for their past patronage. I solicit a continuance of the ame in (fe ere. WM. F. NOVEL, Noe. 171 and 173 Poydrae Street, oot4 77 ly Near (arendeleL. New Orlias. THE 8588888 III KNNN NN 000000 EEUEEEEEEEU RagUUUSU 8888888 III NN Nf NN GGG00000060 GG Z EEEE g gmg 88 88 III NN NN NN 0G GB IU E 88 III NN NN NN 00 G1 EGBRE 88 III NN NR N H;G E I 8(5.8888 III NN NN RN GO IEEE 888888f8 II NNN NG NN B ERI - 1 0N NN O R p as In NN NN NN 00 000 II RE T8 8S III N MNR NN GO oR as 8858888 I1I NN RN N G000000GG. EEEElERREEEU R 88511585 Irn . N NNNN OUGOG EBEEEEEEEIIE BE GREAT REDUCTION IN THE PRICES OF TIlE W) RLD-RENOWNED SEWING MACHINE! THE SINGER MANUFACTURING COMPANY, ever awake to the intorest of the publ , here determined to PUT THE PRICE OF THEIR MACHINES within the reach of every ma, wen eit ohild In the land. THEIiGENUINE SINGER SEWING MACHINE IN NOW OFFERED AT PRIOES BELOWi THE BOGUS ONES, OR ANY OTHER. The fact tist the only Sewing Machine which unecrnpulous men havo ever attempted to imltatelath SINGERl, , sufficient e: ience of its seperiority over all otters. There is no longer any eocne for bayin any of the CHEAP MACHINES hawked about the country, with no claim for patrcrade but their obeepag B~E WA E OF WIOR TIL ESS IMI ITATION MA OHINIEB The Singer Will Last a Lifetime! SEND FOR CIRCULAR AND CASH PRICES! - ADDRIIESS - THE SiNGEB MANUFA 0T1 RING OOMPAHI, 85 .. -.......wCANAL sTaREEI. -. .... m my13 Taly lWo ouu . J. H. KELLER. NM UF AC U O0 ALL KINDS OF LAUNDRY AND TOILKT OA.P AND KXLLER'8 PAMOUS CARBLIC S80AP jo4 1y ForCleraaslg sad DlsitfootiDa ParJpols. GARDEN BEEDS New crop of TIl!i 'P S33, mar beet arieteee, at 75o per lb a RUTAI.A(.& ILED, three bestvarieee. as I 9O per lb BLOOD) RBEIRIT ILy. three beet verlee. Letture. Radtas Carrae, cad other eeao ie eds. all fresh and of renat ImporlhUo. Priow as e Sigur.e that will pat no doub on theitr reliability. Purchasera in qualnttel cnaoe a liberal dieeoalk t. MA[TLi. tIi Megelno street. Lardreth's "Valce and Cualtur of tho 1oot ." U b) mal., 1ty90m INCENSE FOR DIVINE ERLVICE. Preparcd acordIlng to the Tnt of the cripture od the rules of Liturgy. and in acordasee with the special form adopted by the Very rev. Abbe Doea. the Dioceee of lens, and . Laureeoe, cbhemist., Depot at the Drsf Store of I,7 T. t.rY rO. OADIn BlSr Csar. fC 7 yrer B pert street.