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rsing ter and Catholic Messenger.
IMNW D 3 VUV T SUNDAYT ORNIJG. IneW slN 5 SUNDAYT, MARCH 3. 5i75 Ma/-....a. t Lucrul I.. Pope no Martyrr. "y.Mar. a-l5 . Wedsoedy-first day of Lent. Whia-..... Ma-7-8t T'lboae AqLaae, LDoctor of the ('horeh lUI.... a t.-VeoOerton of tile Crown of Thorns of Ourn tIvolur. To h j....Mar. 9--ki. Frances of Items. Widow. THE HOLY LAND. ret New ORI.XINS, February 22, 1-79. The Rev. Father R. Piperni, missionary in Bethlehem, in the Holy Land, bhaving been cn /Bised to come to the United States by His Mi Eminence, Cardinal Franchi, Prefect of the thl Frepaganda, who gave him excellent and press- in lugrecommendations, we permit him, by a spe- tal _-al favor, to have recourse to the charity of the fat faithful and of all benevolent persons in favor of the orphan asy lnm established in Itothlehem, where have been received a large number of ha -hlldren, who are now redued to a state of gr starvation by the effect of the awful distrest wi which is prevailing all over the population of the Holy Land. fJr i N. J. P'ititlta., PC Archbishop of New Orleans. tit - - - tic Diocese of Natchez.-Lent, 1878. Flesh meat is allowed all days, except WVer meadays and Fridays, and Saturday of Ember gl( week, which falls this year on March fltbh. etc By order of the U13shop. an M. F. GRIt;NON, V. G. hn Last Tuesday Judge Whittaker sentenced jut e.-Senator Thos. C. Anderson, of the Returning sti Board, to two years' imprisonment at hard gl( labor. the For our next issue we we shall have the Regon trt 1Ations for Lent in the Diocese of Mobile and, wi pIobably, a Lenten Pastoral from the Bishop of IN latcher. eel The Forty Hours' Adoration of the Most 3lsssed Sacrament will commence to-day at High Mass in the Cathedral. Benediction atm - o'olock each evening. Bev. Pastors are requested to send us, by next gr Thursday, the Order of Lenten Exercises in to their respective Churches, for publication in no next Sunday's MoaRNzN STAR. to The "Colleen Bawn" will be performed at the Lt. Charles Theatre, at noon on Saturday, u1ith lnst., for thebeneflt of the Asylum of the Im- be maoulate Conception. The price of admiselon an is fxed at 50 cents. ag Members of Total Abstinence Societies, Branches of the Hibernian Association and of .Dilieone of the Ancient Order of IIbernians, ti eld persons interested in these organizations, ah will find cflicial notices of meetings, etc., in hi our Special Notice Column, on another page of la to-day' STAR. iii SocIrrY ST. VINCENT nD PAUL -The next w Quarterly General Communion of the members of the Society of St. Vincent do Paul will take place in St. Patrick's Church, Sunday, March o' 10th., at the 71 o'clock Mass. The general tl Imeetoig will be held in the Morning Star Hall ai the same day at 5 rP. .r K. O. M.-The fifth annual pageant of the m luights of Momns, which appeared on our ai streets last Thuarday night, was one of the d, lrgest and most beautiful the people of this j city have ever witnessed. The Knights repre seated Boenes from the Realms of Fancy. The n streets and balconies along the route were densely packed with admiring throngs of peo ple. Verily, New Orlesos is a city of proces- a elesoas. ti The police of this city have formed an Asso- elation, to be known as the Crescent City f, Poliee Benevolent Aasolcatiln. Its objects are t it relieve the sick and bury the dead. The t1 following named gentlemen are the oficers: b John Brogniens (lst Precinct), President; R.C. Morgan, (6th Precinct), let Vice do.; M. McDermott, (Yd Precinct), 24 do. do.; p Thee. Reynolds, (6rth Precinct). Treasurer; Thos. W. Curley, (let Precinct), Secretary. One blunder occurred in the nmake-up of our report last Sindey of the grand demonstration r of the `OLh of February in commemoration of i the death of Pope P'ins IX. The namges of the gentlemen coml,osing tiih Coluuiitee of Ar rangemei.te were publishled n tie., Reception t Committee it the Ciathol,rail and, , i. r.., th I names of th,* cun.lo". : ,.a t ite IhelptIl .o aittee rli ro , v',, :h, (' ct .eitte, of Ar. rangenr- I:1l, , i n e tr t ll' ,f Arratnge ilek $ - thee CI .t: d l it ] t ity ln iantt f .! it.l C.tl rnittle ,-- t ats wtlll' Mr. ,l. It is to 're i chairern on lr. 'Tiloa. Laytoe ai t cretari r the lRe s ti. (',.u:ittie wai uinder 11 oL ,ec tion of hion. 1l. W'hite nas clasttian. Sot)eritI'l.. unlin', 3iei v.-li'ee I.ondon lrif l of the 2.1 of Fet.ruary, Inohtine the follow ing Roman news til : A 'roell y.-Ao. astroloter <I the Apenninee, mamed liarbaneln. in whioml the Romans have great faith, mlade a lucky guess thii year in his projpheti almianack. lie say : "OIn January roph great catafalque will be erected in Rome!" Hle also savs: "another will be re guired on February hith." Of course it was only in view of the recent death of Victor Emmanuel that the Tabl, fonud this a striking item. ltad the editor known of the august obsequies to occur in Rome within one short week, he might have begun to think that after all there may be soemethieg in astrology; or at least that a eloser stody of the 'stars in heaven" may teach ug thiuga undreamed of in our past philo sophy. " " " BABT SnOW JOR TUE LITTiLE 0301TERS.-in ear advertisi3 oolamus will be founn the programme tsr this moot interesting entertainmenlt, which willI Sake place at Grunewald Ball on the thb. at 132 o'lock. The Governor, the Mayor, Gen. Beauregard. and a number of other leading citizesm, will act so Judges of e claims of the infants on exihbition. Admlssion, ,I erntS for adnlts, an costs for ehlldrea. PASTORAL ADD MANDATOR LTr Tr. t or Msu Nost Rev. Archbishop of New Orleans. For the Lent of 1878. NAPOLZON JOSEPH PERCHE, by the (Grace of od C and the taver of the Holy Apostolic See, Archbishop ] of New Orleans. Assistant at the o'ontSloal Throne, it Roman Count, (:rand Croee of the Order of the b Holy Sepulchre, etc. To the Clergy ad Faithful of ur Diocese, Health and Benedioion in Christ our Lorld. Beloved Fellowo Laborers and Dear Breth. g ren-Although the multiplicity of affairs al which the government of this large diocese It entails upon us scarcely leaves us one it moment of rest, we cannot, on the eve of tl this holy time of Lent, in which the Church P' in more pressing terms invites us to medi- c( tation, prayer and penance, withhold a of few words of exhortation to you. m You are all aware that in the secret de- al signs of his most adorable Providence, it has pleased the Lord to call unto Him the C great and holy Pontiff who, with angelic ci wisdom, has governed the Church of God I' for a spare of thirty-two years, and, as a P perfect follower of Him whose representa- h tive he was on earth, was the first to prac- ti tice the admirable lessons he gave to the .ar world.th We are confident that the illustrious and 51 glorious P'ins the IX., already erijoys the b2 eternal rewaid prepared for his long toils n and most eminent virtues. 'And although eY human opinions, when compared with the sa judgments of God, have but little weight, to still it brings consolation to us and gives ai glory to the Church to see, that all over qt the world, men who have a real sense of gc true beauty and grandeur, have united at with us in rendering homage to Pins the *e IX whose name will ever remain the high- re eat expression of all that will have been v( pure, noble and great in the nineteenth cen- ci tory. hi But if the Pope must die like all other re men, the Papacy dies not. And whilst we tb were yet giving expression to our deep in grief, it has pleased the Lord, in his mercy, in to suddenly change our sorrow into glad ness, and, by the election of Leo the XIII, of to vouchsafe unto us a worthy successor to re Pins the I. at Men of little faith troubled themselves at beyond measure in regard to this election, ni and their narrow human foresight luilt against it insuperable obstacles. They di were appalled by the threats of the kings of the earth and of the princes of the na- c< tions boasting arrogantly that they had cm shaken off the yoke of the Lord and of ti his Christ. But he that dwelleth in heaven i laughs at the vain designs of men. At al his pleasure, lie curbs their rebellions a wills, and in the hour marked out by His i wisdoni, He shows with what tgnder edci tude Ie watches over His Church, His L1 own Immaculate Spouse. He has muzzled a the lions, he has chained down the tigers, and papal elections have seldom been car ried through i ,h o ssuc.h casu and , .i-t. Whatever may be the efforts of the ene- a mies of the Church, Leo the XIII is now I and will remain among us, to the timeof hIs 0 death, the representative and Vicar of h Jesus Christ, and we hope, that at some t' near day, it shall be our joy to raise the tri umphant cry: "Vicit Leo de fribt Juda" J the lion of the tribe of Juda bath conquered; 0 and like unto the pillar of fire that led the t way of the Israelites in the desert, light for the people of God, but darkness for his ene mies, the Papacy, ever radiant for the faithful, leaving the unbelievers in their willful shades, will lead mankind through the deserts of this earthly life, until that blessed day when it will introduce, into the abode of glory, to be forever trium phant, with the children of God, Ill those who have followed in her foot steps.and continued faithful to the end. r Iefore long, Beloved Brethren, we shall Q receive the Encyclical letter of Leo the X llI t announcing to the bishops of the Catholic e world, andti through theni to all the faithful, his accession to the Pontitical throne; and n then it will be our0 pleasant duty to exprss publicly our joy ar:d o gratitudo toar Itds t.d avd ppard it, lore intd, to love mlid invel' thii' te ilt ti "[511 of Liio thb XIll, thel \ car of (':rst. we will oh ; hiin rf. lilovetd lretthl t.ri, itt now tuin our cvl's to a miin re .in itte tU phlire,, wt, t iiust git'e t'linke to t; ,d, the aiuthor of a:l good. :l seeing tlihat the Iathliolic Imovement still goes - on n this I)ioccse andi that religion has 1t,, gretsed. It is a source of great consolation eI for us to see men who, either from latal is consequences of a tfirst education or from y other unhappy circumstances, had btc n n= brought up in the ways of error, or in com plote ignorance of any religion, now fast re t turning to the bosom of the Catholic Chuarch. SWe rejoice when we see men, too long or estrayed, resuming the faithful practice of their religious duties. We are happy to Sstate that, from among those who embraced a piety with lukewarmness and indifference, ih we now see many giving themselves to the 1.- practice of Christian virtnee with firmness and resolute determination. It is also with real joy that we see devotions so dear to eevery dovout Catholic, such as the devo r tion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, to oer k. Lady of Lourdes, to St. Joseph, flourishing I and prospering in our midst. Bo t those consolations are to often min gled with bitterness. We grieve deeply that so many Catholics still neglect their most pressing duties and fail to perform their Easter duties and to sanctify the Lord's day. We see too many who try to a reconcile things that are incompatible, if o combining a few exterior religious prac- n ~p tices with a worldly life, or, to call it by t as. its name, with a pagan life, worldliness h Lbs being nothing else but paganism with a faint tint of religion. How paloful it is to see persons calling themselves Catholics v h. -given up to the insatiate love of pleasures it ira and to all the extravagances of unbecoming f se lux.ur,'and in order to indulge their crav no ing'after vanity and sensuality, permitting E of themselves to be drawn into excessive ex ch penses, which, at all times, would deserve , li censure, but still more now, at this time t( a of need and misery, when in our midst so s niany of our Brethren even want the first e- necessities of life. it We also see with sorrow that some he Catholics seem to ignore or scorn the dins ic cipline of the Church in relation to the a )d authority of a Pastor in his parish. A tl a Pastor appointvd by the Bishop, and under a. his jurisdiction, exercising parochial du c. ties, has the responsibility of that parish, he .and, therefore, he must have all the au- u thority and rights which that same respon- _ id sibility demands. But some persons, guided a 1N by theirown tastes, whims or caprices', do i Is not allow themselves to beguidedby the e ;1 spirit of the Church, and have not the neces- C ,e sary regard for the authority of the:r Pas- f, t, tore, to whom have been entrusted the mis- ti es sion andjurisdiction, and, as a natural conse er quence, the special graces necessary to u of govern their parishes. In order to check it id and correct such abuses that give rise to rc 7e serious inconveniences, we shall have to h. renew and enforce the measures that our n, venerable predecessors had adopted in like lii n. circumstances, and when the time shall ] have come, after prayer, consultation and er reflection, we shall communicate to you re the ordinances that it will be advisable, ci sp in our judgment, to promulgate on thisa o y, important matter. m d- With reference to the temporal situation B I, of the Diocese, we repeat, Beloved Broth- C toren, what we said last year. Under a wise a and skillful administration the financial es affairs of the Diocese are notably improved notwithstanding the hardness of the times. 01 ilt If God, as we hope, grant us coon better a days, that improvement will increase rap- p idly. But we are still in need of your a- co-operation and you will continue it by tl ad contributing for the "Diocesan Aesocia- o of tion" estrblished by us last year. This at en institutioun has been very serviceable, P At although the result was not what we had p, no a right to expect. The success of this good r lie work rests principally with the Pastors, : i-. nd we feel confidect that every one of s ,is them will display sufficient zeal to carry it p ed successfully to the desired end. re, But, Beloved Brethren, what above all v ir we expect from you is that, since we have, e fr any ar given you all we have o ae- and all we are, and are still disposed to e sacritice for you the remnant of our life, of I his our strength and of our health, we may 1 of have the consolation to see you responding me to our efl'orts, so that our toils and labors be not fruitless and void, and when the I In" Just Judge shall come and render to each 1 edo; ne according to his works, we may all the together be admitted to receive the reward I for God has promised to those who shall have been faithful unto the end. the Moved by these considerations, having eir invoked the holy name of God and taken agh the advice of our Council, we have ordain tat ed and do ordain what follows; oto 1. Owing to the existing pressure and to the diMloulty for most persons to procure lenten Im- diet, the use of meat is again allowed every ose day, except Friday and Wednesday, during Lent, and the three days in Ember week. Alt and who fast should, on fast-days, eat meat at one meal only; but it may be eaten at every meal by call such as are exempted from fasting. 2. Every day. during Loent, the use of meat All and any kind of fish at the same meal is strict olic ly prohibited. :1. They w ho deem themselves reasonably tul' exempted, wlo'ly or in part, from these re and gtlationb concertilng u tasting and abstineno ; ahould con ilt th tir Pastors or Confessuoi, and rs be gove eeri ed by tl.eir adlvice. ude I The tium as:igned for the perforiance of -:,tte dnti, b..-vgl oin hlo thtt hSunoday of 1.., t, revel ,.:, '.r ~ 'l'ro n ty hut tday. te '11 th T l taer 1,, '. will be Haid tt MasL s l in .nit tI h"." bl r tne ,.c tnr of th e I . 'rchew id ý .icra int t tl tn a ti vArte totr th, iolpe is .id ti, prn.r for tue Plp- to the 1traer Ci our iarLLnIg L it, I:, vetry Church,there shell iv be, as far.n ir .silnI, it ctnre ot s itat ble in i tricti on,, unitoll ding the obligatiou s tf Chris t1.i te, atd te ducitig the practiLce there:of. The oe faithlful are directed to attend on pich oooa oanl.s, that tihey imay not be deprived of the hebvenly graces attached to religions teaching. tion . The Reverend Pastors, in recomnmanding atal the l)iooesan Association, shall dwell upon the motives that most incite the faithful to take rom part in so important a work. een -. While apprising in time their congrega tonsi of the collection on Easter Sunday for 0m' the Seminary, which, having a special object, re- must be continued, the Reverend Pastors shall rch. also insist on the importance of that good work, aend make them feel that it is the boon long den duty of the faithful tooontribute to it, aso tic cording to their means. And this our Pastoral Letter will be read at y to Paroch!al Masl, on Qainanaresima Sunday or aced the Sunday immediately following its recep tion. mee, Given at New Orleans, on the Feast of the the Commemoration of the Passion of our ness Lord, February i2tth, in the year of our Lord with ar to A. APLONh SEH evo- of our By Order of His Grace, hing G. RAYnOXD, V. G., Chancellor. Always speak well of the dead, and once mi- in a while a good word for the living, if eply you have the time. ir Pope Leo XII.--Deputy Bonght. Its n Only a few days have elspred since the to t e election of the new Sovereign Pontiff, and den o already the press is beginning to change the its tone about him. They fnd he is not as be much a "Moderate" as they expected him Pap y to boe They say that Leo XIII shows the I himself a very different man from Cardinal the Pecci. ha S ieas there really been a change in his nos a viewsa Has the weight of his responsibil- of a ity urged him to new reflections and dif 9 ferent conclusions from those of his pre- N vious life But all have praised him. the g Even the enemies of the Church have given snit testimony to the superior qualities of his or. e mind, to the strength of his character, and oa3 e to the gentle affections of his heart. has 0 Such a man could not change all his it iews and dispositions in so short a time, II unless through a miracle. But there is no room for a miracle in this cal case, except the miraculous ignorance no e about God's Church and her principles, fast that pervades the minds of so many rulers whi r of governments and leaders of the public m press. thrl Pope Leo XIII has the dame spirit of ta moderation that animated Cardinal Pecci, whi but unch is the spirit prevailing in govern- opt' ments and through all modern society, that ! " it forces into antagonism any Pontiff how hba ever moderate, and, indeed, every earnest tics Christian who holds the faith and stead- to s fastly regards heaven as more valuable atei than earth, and fears God more than men. of t And this is not a theoretical view made wet ° up for the occasion. We have a very nor kinteresting testimony in the matter, as 5 o regards Cardinal Pecci in particular, writ- yea o ten nearly two years ago. ot r Sgr. Boughi, an Italian Depaty, pub- or e lished in 1876 a book partly written in soe l 1872, entitled: Pinus IX and the Future w Pope. inmt He avows himself an adherent of the t1 civil power, and he thinks the Church tar, a ought to change her views with regard to E modern society and the spirit of the age. pro ° But he confesses that, considering the nsa Church and the civil governments as they Chi e are, no Pope, however moderate, can effect pre a harmony between them. law He discusses the qualifications of several mit of the Cardinals, and the probabililies for can r and against their being elected to succeed C Pinus IX. ins r He divides the Cardinals into two classes, of ] Y the one, he says, of extreme views, and the nor other moderate in their spirit; and his spi a sagacity is evinced in the fact that Cardinal di I, Pecci is the very one he puts first on this the d second list. But he goes on to caution his goi d readersa gainst expecting any Cardinal to Pia e, make a radical change in the course pur- sta, f sued by Pope Pins IX. Here are his words, rob it p. 155, cai "But it is Important for as to understand 11 well that, while it is not to be denied that there will be a difference between the conduct The D, of one Pope and of another, in the government mil e of the Church in its relations to Italy and to otaer civ srates, ye it is well not to epeu net o too much difference between them. Cardinal We of Pedci is certainly one of the most choice minds in the Sacred College, and his disposition is nec one of the most temperate, and if energetic, the ig yet most correct, among them all. He has rs made good studies; he has shown wisdom in C his administration; he has been an exemplary rep le Bishop. The ideal of a Cardinal is a very the :h high one, and we can say with truth that Cardinal Pecci has realized it in his own life. wae And yet his view of the actual condition of ant rd the Church and of civil society is not one bit more cheerful nor more encouraging than that wal of- any of his colleagues. Like them, he can- I not see any field for work, nor any position thu left to the Church in the face of the civil gov ernments, such as they exist now unless they ti an first disband themselves. s1 a. In a Pastoral letter addressed to the clergy and laity of his diocese of Peragia, in the Lent ""s of 187S, he writes in this tone of heavy and for he heastfelt sadness: "Haman Reason, like the on Mi n of Sin described by St. Paul, rises in revolt fac ry with its weapon of negation; sets itself above cal ng all that is called Gd ; takes profane posses L1i sion of the Temple. and, driving out the ne oe ancient Lord of the Temple, parades itself for no by God in hts place. Tell me, my dearly beloved, what place is there left in this world for the er rat Creator and Redeemer of Man Alas! if he th et- still finds a shelter in the hearts of the faithful, few as they are ir the world ; if there are Sly still some oouls at whose door lie knocks and wi re- hears an answer; yet speaking of society at , ; large, Le has no houe lefrt. for Him on earth. ,an In tihe name of science lIe is banished from th the reton of beires to gratify a proud spirit r of of in,clpdence, lie is exelnded from teaching of nder pr-.text of libtery, lie is driven from do Ihis doq.rniol of ruori ''The cry of tie nn- - ass happy cl:on: 'we will not ha-ve this ra11in r. ra i o vovere n ,' never .an,;el n oro noisy nor no is or-e a:l.dcious ithan i; our day.' tl nt We!i,"'itsuliuna Sgr. longli, 'wewill notdis ui cs the correctrl of th., we should not W agree :lnt it. BUnt if it in so, if, as this most m all ixce'lltit :an writes to his tick, thern is no in- place !eft for Christ, wha't place can be left b ri- ivr Christ's vicar p" II Ihe It is very saddening to see the world L the thus excommunicating itself from the so- in ne. ciety of the Son of God made man for its to Ssalvation. '-He came unto his own and ske his own received him not." It speaks very S seriously to our hearts, teaching that we or should watch and pray for our own perse- a eot verence, and labor hard to save our breth- p ood ren, for God wishes them to be saved and o on- to come to a knowledge of the truth. h - In another part of his book, p. 118, Sgr. B Sat Bonghi sets forth some of the reasons Swhich he thinku make it impossible for the Pope to have any harmonious agreement o with the Italian Government in particular. ord In the country, where the Pontiff holds his p See, thet is in Italy, the situation of the Church may be said to be still more surrounded by difficulties, than anywhere else,-a case which a so uub unumed, uus lan u' L' ptasu. W;lb ul D who seesert that the Italian government seeks for a reconciliation with the Roman Papacy, do r. not nuderstand the matter. A reconciliation, if understood in the rigorous sense a the word, t cannot be wished for by either party, nor is it ince possible to attain it. The Papaoy cannot pre ' if serve its name forauthority over all the world, nor exeroise that authority in practice, unless a it avoids allappearanes of being allied with the I Italian government. If ever men should come 4 to think that the Pope ir in any way bound opp with it, that moment he would lose the oonl denee of the rest of Europe-and, indeed, of all a the world. To run the risk oflosing this, would be more out of question and more dangerous now than ever. I have said above that the Papacy might be tempted to throw itself into the clash and conflict of popular passions, and to take sides with the lowest elements against the higher olasses of society. But thus far it I has not done so, and it will hesitatealong time I before deciding on esnobh a step. As things are now, it is the rigorously conservative elements of sooiety that are united with the Papacy, i I is from them it draws its resources, in them it I finds support and favor. Now these are all opposed to the course of the Italian Government, and if once the Pontifft should appear to be regulating his conduct to suit the government, they would abandon him; I orat loast adhere to him with much lees tena oilty than now. On the other hand the Italian government 4 has nothing it can offer as an inducement to the Pontiff to exchange his present attitude of hos tility for one of friendship. In the first place, it has taken away his States, and this is an injury not quickly heaI. ed. And then, to speaktruthfully, the Pontifi cal government, whether right or wrong, has no confidence in the Italian government being solidly enough established to observe stead- 4 fastly, for any length of time, any compact which might be made between them. The majorities in the Parliament seem to have little strength and less duration, and the people throughout the country have not so generally taken part in political matters as to form those traditional and continued currents of parties which in other countries help to develope the spirit and progress of the State by their alter Moreover the only parties which at present have any prospect of prevailing in Italian poli tics, by whatever name they are called, are too much opposed to the Church, too much inclined to war against it under the banner of one sys tem or another of.relations between Church and States, for the Papacy to expect from any of them a secure compensation, even if there were each a thing, for the loss of the Temporal Power. Consequently it is not for the interest, nor Is it in the power, of either one of the I partics to n a'ce an agreement with the other. And most probably they will remain for many years without exercising any influence on seac other, unless negatively. That is, neither will be induced to take any steps towards helpingl or pleasing the other. Nevertheless in spite of so little harmony in their sentiments, the Pa pacy may safely conolude that at least for a good 4 while to come, the Italian Legislature will not interfere with its spiritual fonctions in regard to the Catholic laity, and that the Executive will be still more prudent than the Legisla tore. How utterly Signor Bonghi erred in his prophecy is now apparent. The Italian usurpation has not maintained towards the Church an attitude of cold neutrality as predicted, but has, in its ecclesiastical laws, evinced the most insolent and deter mined spirit of hostility. The Leopard cannot change its spots. On the other hand certain telegraphic inspirations concerning the coming policy of Leo XIII have been just as wild as Sig nor Bonghi's estimate of the Revolutionary spirit. According to certain parties, Car dinal Peedi was a "Liberal"-whatever that meant-or a "Moderate." He was going to depart from the rigid policy of Piune IX and come to a friendly under standing with Bismarck and the Italian robbers. The reserve of the Vatican ee clusion was to be terminated. The folly of all this is most apparent. There is a "non possumus" in Papal ad ministration that must be respected; it is not a matter of policy hut of principle. We do not say that the Papal States are necessary to the Papacy. Any loose and thoughtless use of that term in that con nection by orators and essayists is very reprehensible. The Papacy is precisely the same divine institution now that it was during the period of the Catacombs, and nothing is essential to it now that was not essential to it then. But the "non possumus"has a wider scope than the essentials of the Papal Constitu tion; it includes all moral wrong. You ask us to sanction robbery : We cannot; "non possumus " You wish that we should formally recognize as an "accomplished fact" the conquest of the Papal States : We cannot. Why t Because those States are necessary to the Papacy I No, for they are not necessary, though a temporal sov ereignty is most convenient and useful for the Papacy, but because that conquest, that robbery, was a crime; and, not only I was, but is, a crime. t o. The voice of Christendom demands that its Pope shall be independent of any civil superior, and to insure that indepen dence Christendom has donated the Papal g:ate to the Papal See, as a separate nationality. Thu Papal See cannot give thelrn away either directly or indirectly t without fai!irng in fidelity to a sacred trust; Smuch less can it treat their usurpation as Sbeing anything but a wrong that cries to IIeaven for vengeance. Therefore it is that I Leo XIII is, as any other Cardinal elected in his place would have been, obliged still a to say, after Pine IX : Non Possunus. y Shrove Tuesday and Ash Wednesday. SThe moment of time when Shrove Tuesday ' and Ash Wednesday meet suggests, by the dis Sposition made of it, how tenaciously the heart of man clings to the pleasures of earth and how reluctantly it turns towards the things of . Heaven. s In ages of faith, and in Catholic Conn etrios, when the laws a well . th feel t ings of the people were inspired by religion, the bell that tolled the close of the day of festivities, also announcoed the opening of the is penitential one. As the midnight hour sound ed on'the air, the tones of merriment died Saway; the dancer's feet ceased their gracesfnul r motions, the songs of joy were hushed, 7th [ lights grew pale in festive halls, and there nwas shown at least an exterior respect for the d, teachings of the Church which instructed the * young and edified the old. , It was customary in Rome, before the lates es unapation, to olose the frolicsome sports @1 Shrove Tuesday by a masgideet proeeMdss of all the horned animals, poultry, birds, ete., used by man as food; while in the rear et all this apetizing and most esJoyable followed a long, lank leviathan of a $e w i as midnight sounded, swallowed up ail li was before him I So rapidly did the sass , . at the warning seund, throw aslds thatl b. guises that it really seemed as though, th huge Fish had eaten them up-for the ush opened in such a way that eaoh one in t-he-. procession entered it one side, then dedleg the mask and costume, came out at the other ' in usual oitizen-dress. So that by the time : the last stroke of twelve sounded on the ear, all signs of dissipation, all marks of world. . linesu, had ceased to exist. How different is the spectoale presented I5 our midst, how pereistently the votaries el fashion cling to the last hour that precedes the dawn of Ash Wednesday-stepping in feet, too ee often, from the ball-room to the Church, fr . ee a long night of vanity to a single moment et prayer and meditation-if indeed they ean".': say a prayer with the memories of the dnooe , c o., orowding fast upon the mind-with the recollections of the brilliant scenes passing before their sight! We quote from a journal before us, of one to whom the experience of each a night brought a firm determination to avoid distractiols - which lead the heart thus away from theat" solemn suggestions proposed by Mother "We left the ball-room at half past five o'eloeek A. at., and hurried to Church. I cannot des' e:ibe the singularState in which my mind was; but everything appeared unreal and unnatural. The entranoing-musio to which I had listened for so many hours, still rang in my ears, aud every person I saw seemed to be a masquerader' I felt like one moving in a dream, and my e. forts to fix my thoughts upon the services be' fore me only bewildered my braln more and more-But what shocked me most was that when the priest turned round to give the shebs, he too seemed to wear a maskI Alas I fear - even the memento mori fell npon'dull and as heeding ears - " The prompt obedience of a human being to the wishes of the Church-the divinely commoal sioned tesoher-is ennobling to the whole moral nature; for it is the triumph of the spiritual part of man over the physical, thesabl lime assertion that he is ruled by reason ad not by pleasure, that he is consolousof a high er object than the mere gratification of bhe senses. It is because the Church believes that man is capable of this purer happiness, is appreciative of this truer enjoyment, that she calls him from the whirlpool of vanity in whioh the world seeks to engulf him, and bids him kneel before the altar to be told in solemn utterances that he "is dust and unto dust he most return." Who would dance all night on Shrove Tuesday, when such words as these must hug upon the ears on Ash Wednesday morning; and who would cling on to the wild dissipation which stretches out to the grey dawn of the penitential season, if he realized how fast the days of life are slipping on towards the misty morning of Eternity 1 The world strives by every means within isl power to make man forget that there is a to morrow. "Live and be merry," is the cry with which she leads him away from the cinotepla ti of eternal truth; but she will aevw entirely accomplish her purpose as long as th+ Church of God stands in the way. As long as Catholloity exists, man will be reminded of his duties and his destiny, and forced to remember what he is and whither he is tending. Paganism is not dead. It is only orashed beneath the feet of Truth; but were the Church to be swept away, it would soon rise up conquering and triumphant. No more convinoing proof is nesed. ed of its powerful struggles to regain thems tery, than what is seen on the night of Shawm " Tuesday ; and no better argument of the t Church's unfailing watchfulnes can be give than what we all witness around her altare o I Ash Wednesday morning. The Memorial Celebratien in Nobile. We are happy to avail ourselves of the op portunity offerred to present our congratula tions to the Catholics of Mobile upon the suo cess of last Sunday's pageant. From all so r counts the demonstration surpamed even the ' fondest anticipations of the gentlemen who f labored so zealously in its organization. The weather was beautiful, the procession a was numerously attended, and the oeremoniee, y within the Cathedral, were replete with that tender and mystic significance which endears l the Church to Her Children and elicits the e eyupathetio admiration of those without Her foid. The whole population, irrespective of e creed or nationality, united in rendering a glowing tribute of veneration to the memory Sand the virtues of the one whom history will Sdesignate as Pins the Good-Pine the Great. :o The entire manifestation was alike creditable it to their intellects and to their hearts. Pins IX d has descended into the grave, but his memory 11 will ever be fresh in the minds of men, and posterity will say of him that his best epitaph is to be found in the application of the classi ol, and, in this instanoe, truly prophetio quo tation: "I have reared a monument more en y during than bronze, and loftier than the rcyal is- site of the Pyramids; which neither dissolving rt rain, nor the powerless North wind, nor years, d numberless in series, nor lapse of time can des of troy. I shall not tcwholly die, and many parte of my being shall eseoape dissolution." n -. Dr. Cowes, the naturalist of the Har6de n Survey, does not seem to ca .lr ior-?l u, On the door of his offioe at Washlngton the of inscription: "Notice to -i"itor his55ino he brighten as they th ir la heir g, and the d- walls are hung with sucnoh motoes as these: "Exeunt omnes,' "He who robe me of my time ad oonfers the charm of his personal presenoo at ul the expense of aseneeu, "Freedom from Inter n tien eon fes at poeae of mind that rellgion cannot give." ".revty s cue soui yi wte I. ire visiting," "The simple fact of a door has a oer he tain suggestivenes." Indeed the collection is so unique that people will oiten stay over a he train to visit this lover of solitude. te Let no one overloa you with favors yjoU .e_- , : -